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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209324/japanese-guidelines-for-allergic-conjunctival-diseases-2017
#1
REVIEW
Etsuko Takamura, Eiichi Uchio, Nobuyuki Ebihara, Shigeaki Ohno, Yuichi Ohashi, Shigeki Okamoto, Naoki Kumagai, Yoshiyuki Satake, Jun Shoji, Yayoi Nakagawa, Kenichi Namba, Kazumi Fukagawa, Atsuki Fukushima, Hiroshi Fujishima
The definition, classification, pathogenesis, test methods, clinical findings, criteria for diagnosis, and therapies of allergic conjunctival disease are summarized based on the Guidelines for Clinical Management of Allergic Conjunctival Disease (Second Edition) revised in 2010. Allergic conjunctival disease is defined as "a conjunctival inflammatory disease associated with a Type I allergy accompanied by some subjective or objective symptoms." Allergic conjunctival disease is classified into allergic conjunctivitis, atopic keratoconjunctivitis, vernal keratoconjunctivitis, and giant papillary conjunctivitis...
February 10, 2017: Allergology International: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Allergology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203686/ocular-involvement-of-multicentric-malignant-b-cell-lymphoma-in-a-ewe-a-case-report
#2
James O Rushton, Denise Thaller, Reinhild Krametter-Froetscher
An 8.5-year-old, 98 kg female mountain sheep presented with bilateral exophthalmos with reduced retropulsion of the globes, impairing physiologic eyelid closure, sanguineous ocular discharge, as well as swelling of the eyelids and periocular skin. Bilateral vitreal hemorrhage hindering examination of the fundus was further noticed. Systemic signs included reduced general demeanour, presence of a firm mass in the left half of the mammary gland, multiple masses in the area of the vulva and a mass between the shoulder blades...
February 16, 2017: Tierärztliche Praxis. Ausgabe G, Grosstiere/Nutztiere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138334/atopic-keratoconjunctivitis-complicated-by-kocuria-koreensis-keratitis-the-first-case
#3
Noriko Inada, Jun Shoji, Satoru Yamagami
BACKGROUND: Patients with atopic dermatitis have a predisposition to Staphylococcus aureus and a Herpes simplex virus infection. The treatment of atopic diseases with steroid and immunosuppressive agents induces opportunistic infection. However, there is a concern regarding visual prognosis in patients with atopic keratoconjunctivitis (AKC) complicated with infectious keratitis. We report an unusual case of an atopic shield ulcer with Kocuria keratitis. CASE PRESENTATION: A 51-year-old Japanese man presented with a 14-day history of eye pain and visual loss in his left eye...
2017: Allergy, Asthma, and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138165/aetiology-of-headache-in-clinical-ophthalmic-practice-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-of-karachi
#4
Uzma Fasih, Arshad Shaikh, Nisar Shaikh
OBJECTIVE: To determine the aetiology of headache in patients seen for an ocular examination. METHODS: This cross-sectional, descriptive study was conducted at Ophthalmology Department of Karachi Medical and Dental College, Abbasi Shaheed Hospital, Karachi, from January to December 2014, and comprised patients with headache. Patients were registered through non-probability consecutive sampling technique. A predesigned proforma was used to collect data. Complete ocular examination and investigations were conducted along with neuro-ophthalmological examination...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135750/-ophthalmic-plastic-surgery-of-exposure-keratopathy-in-the-intensive-care-unit
#5
C Siebert, A Menges, F H Tost
Critically ill patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) may develop eye problems, due to impaired ocular protective mechanisms or direct involvement of the eye in severe systemic diseases. If eye infections or ocular surface disorders are not identified in time, endophthalmitis or corneal ulcer may develop and can cause permanent functional injuries of the eye. A retrospective analysis was performed and a total of 283 complete intensive care courses of treatment were evaluated, taking into account ophthalmic medical consultations for frequent cardinal symptoms...
January 2017: Klinische Monatsblätter Für Augenheilkunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123915/microsporidial-stromal-keratitis-successful-treatment-with-topical-voriconazole-and-oral-itraconazole
#6
Mircea Coca, James Kim, Sudhir Shenoy, Patricia Chévez-Barrios, Manuj Kapur
We report a case of microsporidial stromal keratitis successfully treated with topical voriconazole and oral itraconazole. A 30-year-old Hispanic male construction worker who wears contacts lenses presented with left eye erythematous, epiphora, and mild pain increasing over few days after failing previous antibiotics treatment. His best corrected visual acuity in the left eye was count fingers at three feet, and the slit lamp examination showed 3+ conjunctival injection, a circular central corneal ulcer 3...
December 20, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28117943/management-of-a-facial-partial-thickness-chemical-burn-in-a-dog-caused-by-bleach
#7
Lukas T Kawalilak, Boel A Fransson, Terri L Alessio
OBJECTIVE: To describe the management and successful outcome of a late-recognition partial thickness bleach burn to the face and corneas of a dog. CASE SUMMARY: A 1-year-old male neutered Fox Terrier mix breed dog was evaluated for sloughing facial epithelium 5 days after coming into contact with an 8.25% household bleach cleaning solution. Severe erythema, edema, and crusting were noted around the muzzle and margins of both eyes, with moderate to severe alopecia in these areas...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Veterinary Emergency and Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28109687/-ocular-graft-versus-host-disease-an-often-misdiagnosed-etiology-of-dry-eye-syndrome
#8
L Moyal, R Adam, J Akesbi, F T Rodallec, J-P Nordmann
PURPOSE: To report a case of severe ocular graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after cataract surgery. METHODS: Observational case report. RESULTS: We describe the case of a 59-year-old man with postoperative corneal ulcer on his only functional eye. His past history reported allogenic bone marrow transplant. His visual acuity (VA) was limited to hand motions. Slit lamp examination revealed diffuse conjunctival hyperemia, severe blepharitis, Meibomian dysfunction, total corneal opacification with epithelial and stromal keratitis and neovascular invasion...
January 18, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106291/ocular-effects-of-sulfur-mustard-and-therapeutic-approaches-a-review
#9
Yunes Panahi, Seyyed Mahdi Rajaee, Amirhossein Sahebkar
Sulfur mustard (SM) is a strong blistering, highly reactive, lipophilic chemical war agent that causes injury in different organs including the skin, eyes and respiratory tract. The Eyes are especially susceptible to the consequences of SM poisoning because of the aqueous and mucosal nature of conjunctiva and cornea. DNA alkylation and depletion of glutathione, are the most important mechanisms of SM action in the eye injuries. Acute clinical symptoms are including decrease in visual acuity, dryness, photophobia, blepharospasm, conjunctivitis and complaints of foreign body sensation and soreness that gradually progress to severe ocular pain...
January 20, 2017: Journal of Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28097921/how-to-care-for-a-patient-s-eyes-in-critical-care-settings
#10
Janet Marsden, Richard Davies
Rationale and key points Eye care is an important aspect of the nursing management of patients who are critically ill. All patients in acute care settings with absent or compromised eye defence mechanisms are at risk of eye complications and ocular surface disease. This article aims to assist nurses to care for the eyes of patients in critical care settings to enable early detection and routine management of ophthalmic issues, thereby avoiding visual compromise on patient discharge from critical care settings...
December 14, 2016: Nursing Standard
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074638/clinical-management-of-candida-albicans-keratomycosis-in-a-bottlenose-dolphin-tursiops-truncatus
#11
Claire A Simeone, John P Traversi, Jenny M Meegan, Carolina LeBert, Carmen M H Colitz, Eric D Jensen
OBJECTIVE: Corneal ulceration secondary to trauma commonly affects marine mammals, often with opportunistic secondary bacterial or fungal infections. This report characterizes the combined use of auriculopalpebral and ophthalmic nerve blocks, adipose-derived stem cells, and subconjunctival injections for successful treatment of corneal trauma and infection in dolphins. ANIMAL STUDIED: An 11-year-old, female bottlenose dolphin (Tursiops truncatus) presented with bilateral diffuse corneal opacities, which progressed to keratomycosis caused by Candida albicans...
January 11, 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058858/the-impact-of-an-international-initiative-on-exposures-to-liquid-laundry-detergent-capsules-reported-to-the-united-kingdom-national-poisons-information-service-between-2008-and-2015
#12
Rachael Day, Michael Eddleston, Simon H L Thomas, John P Thompson, J Allister Vale
INTRODUCTION: Although the majority of those exposed to liquid laundry detergent capsules remain asymptomatic or suffer only minor clinical features after exposure, a small proportion develop central nervous system depression, stridor, pulmonary aspiration and/or airway burns following ingestion or conjunctivitis and corneal ulceration following eye exposure. As a consequence, the International Association for Soaps, Detergents and Maintenance Products (AISE) established a Product Stewardship Programme in Europe, requiring that safety measures be implemented to reduce the visibility of, and restrict access to, these detergent capsules by small children...
March 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28044425/immediate-effects-of-diamond-burr-debridement-in-patients-with-spontaneous-chronic-corneal-epithelial-defects-light-and-electron-microscopic-evaluation
#13
Charlotte Dawson, Carolina Naranjo, Belen Sanchez-Maldonado, Georgina V Fricker, Rose N Linn-Pearl, Natalia Escanilla, Christiane Kafarnik, David J Gould, Rick F Sanchez, Marian Matas-Riera
PURPOSE: To evaluate immediate effects of diamond burr debridement (DBD) on the cornea of canine patients diagnosed with spontaneous chronic corneal epithelial defects (SCCEDs). ANIMALS STUDIED: Eight client owned dogs with SCCEDs. METHODS: Nine eyes from eight dogs with SCCEDs underwent superficial keratectomy (SK). The ulcerated area was divided into quadrants with a 300-micron restricted depth knife. Two of four quadrants underwent DBD for 40-60 s...
January 2017: Veterinary Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043985/in-vivo-confocal-microscopy-appearance-of-fusarium-and-aspergillus-species-in-fungal-keratitis
#14
Jaya Devi Chidambaram, Namperumalsamy Venkatesh Prajna, Natasha Larke, David Macleod, Palepu Srikanthi, Shruti Lanjewar, Manisha Shah, Prajna Lalitha, Shanmugam Elakkiya, Matthew J Burton
BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes in fungal keratitis vary between Fusarium and Aspergillus spp, therefore distinguishing between species using morphological features such as filament branching angles, sporulation along filaments (adventitious sporulation) or dichotomous branching may be useful. In this study, we assessed these three features within Heidelberg Retina Tomograph 3 in vivo confocal microscopy (IVCM) images from culture-positive Fusarium and Aspergillus spp keratitis participants...
January 2, 2017: British Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025573/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-pythium-insidiosum-corneal-ulcer-in-a-chinese-child-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#15
Hong He, Hongshan Liu, Xiaolian Chen, Jiaochan Wu, Miao He, Xingwu Zhong
BACKGROUND Pythium insidiosum keratitis is a rare but sight-threatening disease with a high morbidity rate. It can be misdiagnosed as fungal keratitis in clinic settings. We report a case of severe Pythium insidiosum keratitis in a Chinese child, treated with combined approaches. CASE REPORT A 7-year-old boy from Hainan province in the south of China developed a suppurative corneal ulcer after being in a forest. A mass of hyphae was detected by confocal imaging in vivo, fungal smear test, and histochemical examination...
December 27, 2016: American Journal of Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017421/steroid-sparing-effect-of-0-1-tacrolimus-eye-drop-for-treatment-of-shield-ulcer-and-corneal-epitheliopathy-in-refractory-allergic-ocular-diseases
#16
Dai Miyazaki, Atsuki Fukushima, Yuichi Ohashi, Nobuyuki Ebihara, Eiichi Uchio, Shigeki Okamoto, Jun Shoji, Etsuko Takamura, Yayoi Nakagawa, Kenichi Namba, Hiroshi Fujishima
PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of 0.1% topical tacrolimus alone or in combination with steroids for the treatment of shield ulcers and corneal epitheliopathy in patients with refractory allergic ocular diseases. DESIGN: Open cohort study. PARTICIPANTS: Patients with refractory allergic conjunctivitis epitheliopathy, shield ulcers, or corneal plaques (N = 791). METHODS: The 791 patients were treated with topical tacrolimus alone or in combination with topical or oral steroids...
December 22, 2016: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28017285/infectious-corneal-ulcers
#17
REVIEW
Mina Farahani, Ronil Patel, Surendar Dwarakanathan
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 22, 2016: Disease-a-month: DM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004157/-deep-anterior-lamellar-keratoplasty-experiences-and-results-of-the-first-100-consecutive-dalk-from-the-university-eye-hospital-of-cologne
#18
F Schaub, L M Heindl, P Enders, S Roters, B O Bachmann, C Cursiefen
BACKGROUND: Deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK) is a treatment option for patients with diseases of the corneal stroma without endothelial involvement and has been used at the Department of Ophthalmology of the University of Cologne since July 2011. Experiences and results of the first 100 consecutive cases from Cologne with a minimum follow-up of 1 year are summarized. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included the first 100 consecutive DALKs. Indications for anterior lamellar keratoplasty, the feasibility of the surgery, the postoperative course, in addition to the complications and clinical outcome 3 months after complete suture removal, were examined...
December 21, 2016: Der Ophthalmologe: Zeitschrift der Deutschen Ophthalmologischen Gesellschaft
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27995356/tripartite-motif-8-trim8-positively-regulates-pro-inflammatory-responses-in-pseudomonas-aeruginosa-induced-keratitis-through-promoting-k63-linked-polyubiquitination-of-tak1-protein
#19
Litao Guo, Weili Dong, Xiaoxiao Fu, Jing Lin, Zhijun Dong, Xiaobo Tan, Tiemin Zhang
Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA)-induced keratitis is a rapidly progressive ocular infectious disease that often leads to inflammatory epithelial edema, stromal infiltration, tissue destruction, corneal ulceration, and vision loss. In this study, we investigate the role of tripartite motif 8 (TRIM8) in regulating the inflammatory process of PA-induced keratitis. The expression of TRIM8 was increased in mouse corneas and in vitro-cultured macrophages after PA infection. Knockdown of the expression of TRIM8 significantly inhibited the activation of NF-κB signaling and decreased the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines both in vivo and in vitro after infected with PA...
December 19, 2016: Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27994804/microbial-profile-of-corneal-ulcers-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-south-india
#20
Chittur Y Ranjini, Vishnu V Waddepally
PURPOSE: To identify the prevalence and microbial profile of infectious keratitis in a tertiary eye care hospital, and to test for the in vitro antimicrobial resistance of the bacterial isolates. METHODS: A total of 312 patients presenting to a tertiary eye care hospital with infected corneal ulcer were enrolled in this study. Their socio-demographic data and risk factors were recorded. Corneal scrapings collected from the edge of the ulcer were processed for direct gram stain and KOH mount...
October 2016: Journal of Ophthalmic & Vision Research
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