Read by QxMD icon Read

Smad AND Ang 2

Hua Chen, Tian Yang, Min-Chang Wang, Dan-Qian Chen, Yang Yang, Ying-Yong Zhao
BACKGROUND: Tubulo-interstitial fibrosis (TIF) is the common pathway in the chronic kidney disease (CKD). Epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a major contributor to the TIF by the increased myofibroblasts. Renin-angiotensin system (RAS) is critical mediator on EMT in progressive CKD. Angiotensin II (ANG) mediates EMT and causes TIF by stimulating transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1). RAS activation could further activate TGF-β1. Inhibition of the RAS is one of the most powerful therapies for progressive CKD...
March 15, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Hongbin Zhong, Tingjun Wang, Guili Lian, Changsheng Xu, Huajun Wang, Liangdi Xie
Sinoatrial node fibrosis is involved in the pathogenesis of sinus sick syndrome (SSS). Transient receptor potential (TRP) subfamily M member 7 (TRPM7) is implicated in cardiac fibrosis. However, the mechanisms underlying the regulation of sinoatrial node (SAN) fibrosis in SSS by TRPM7 remain unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of angiotensin II (Ang II)/TRPM7/Smad pathway in the SAN fibrosis in rats with SSS. The rat SSS model was established with sodium hydroxide pinpoint pressing permeation...
March 6, 2018: Heart and Vessels
Wenjiang Cao, Na Hu, Yong Yuan, Jiang Cheng, Xinhong Guo, Yanfang Wang, Xinchun Wang, Ping Hu
Flavonoid Tilianin was isolated from Dracocephalum moldavica, and its pharmacological mechanism on proliferation, migration and the TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway in rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) induced with Angiotensin II (Ang II) was systematically evaluated. Primary rat VSMCs were stimulated with Ang II to induce proliferation. The cells were then treated with Tilianin for 24 or 48 h. MTT assay and Transwell assays were used to evaluate the effects of Tilianin on proliferation and migration. The expression of intracellular proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) were measured by immunohistochemistry as verification of effects on proliferation and migration...
August 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
Yan Liu, Hong Xu, Yucong Geng, Dingjie Xu, Lijuan Zhang, Yi Yang, Zhongqiu Wei, Bonan Zhang, Shifeng Li, Xuemin Gao, Ruimin Wang, Xianghong Zhang, Darrell Brann, Fang Yang
BACKGROUND: Myofibroblasts play a major role in the synthesis of extracellular matrix (ECM) and the stimulation of these cells is thought to play an important role in the development of silicosis. The present study was undertaken to investigate the anti-fibrotic effects of dibutyryl-cAMP (db-cAMP) on rats induced by silica. METHODS: A HOPE MED 8050 exposure control apparatus was used to create the silicosis model. Rats were randomly divided into 4 groups: 1)controls for 16 w; 2)silicosis for 16 w; 3)db-cAMP pre-treatment; 4) db-cAMP post-treatment...
February 21, 2017: Respiratory Research
Sudhir Singh, Scott R Manson, Heedoo Lee, Yeawon Kim, Tuoen Liu, Qiusha Guo, Julio J Geminiani, Paul F Austin, Ying Maggie Chen
Emerging evidence has highlighted the pivotal role of microvasculature injury in the development and progression of renal fibrosis. Angiopoietin-1 (Ang-1) is a secreted vascular growth factor that binds to the endothelial-specific Tie2 receptor. Ang-1/Tie2 signaling is critical for regulating blood vessel development and modulating vascular response after injury, but is dispensable in mature, quiescent vessels. Although dysregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) signaling has been well studied in renal pathologies, much less is known about the role of the Ang-1/Tie2 pathway in renal interstitial fibrosis...
2016: PloS One
Y Zhang, L Wang, H Zhang, Y T Ma, Y N Yang, B D Chen, M M Ma, X L Zhu
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effect of β3 adrenergic receptor (β3-AR) on fibrosis in cardiac fibroblasts(CFBs) and explore the related mechanisms. METHODS: Neonatal CFBs were divided into negative control group (N-CFC): CFBs without any intervention; group treated with β3 adrenergic receptor agonist (AngⅡ-CFC-β3-AR BRL): CFBs treated with 10(-6) mol/L angiotensin Ⅱ(AngⅡ), 1 hour later treated with 10(-5) mol/L β3 adrenergic receptor agonist (β3-AR BRL37344); group treated with β3 adrenergic receptor antagonist (AngⅡ-CFC-β3-AR SR): CFBs treated with 10(-6) mol/L AngⅡ, 1 hour later treated with 10(-5) mol/L β3 adrenergic receptor antagonist (β3-AR SR59230A); and positive control group (AngⅡ-CFC): CFBs treated with 10(-6) mol/L AngⅡonly...
June 24, 2016: Zhonghua Xin Xue Guan Bing za Zhi
Lin Cui, Youping Wang, Rui Yu, Bin Li, Shiyang Xie, Yuan Gao, Xiaoxiao Wang, Mingjun Zhu
Jia-Shen decoction (JSD) is a traditional Chinese medicine, which is used widely to treat chronic heart failure. However, the underlying mechanism remains to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the mechanism underlying the effects of JSD on cardiac fibroblast (CF) proliferation and differentiation. The CFs were obtained from the hearts of neonatal (1‑3‑day old) Sprague‑Dawley rats and treated with JSD-medicated serum (JSDS) with or without angiotensin II (Ang II). Cell proliferation was assessed using Cell Counting Kit‑8 reagent...
August 2016: Molecular Medicine Reports
Shuang-Ming Cai, Ren-Qiang Yang, Yang Li, Zuo-Wei Ning, Li-Li Zhang, Gao-Su Zhou, Wei Luo, Da-Huan Li, Yan Chen, Miao-Xia Pan, Xu Li
AIMS: Angiotensin II (Ang II) aggravates hepatic fibrosis by inducing NADPH oxidase (NOX)-dependent oxidative stress. Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)], which counter-regulates Ang II, has been evidenced to protect against hepatic fibrosis. The NOD-like receptor family pyrin domain containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome, being activated by reactive oxygen species (ROS), is identified as a novel mechanism of liver fibrosis. However, whether the NLRP3 inflammasome involves in regulation of Ang II-induced hepatic fibrosis remains unclear...
May 10, 2016: Antioxidants & Redox Signaling
Chang Seong Kim, In Jin Kim, Eun Hui Bae, Seong Kwon Ma, JongUn Lee, Soo Wan Kim
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] counteracts many actions of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Despite its renoprotective effects, extensive controversy exists regarding the role of Ang-(1-7) in obstructive nephropathy, which is characterized by renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis and apoptosis. METHODS: To examine the effects of Ang-(1-7) in unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO), male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups: control, UUO, and Ang-(1-7)-treated UUO rats...
2015: PloS One
Jingying Hou, Ping Yan, Tianzhu Guo, Yue Xing, Shaoxin Zheng, Changqing Zhou, Hui Huang, Huibao Long, Tingting Zhong, Quanhua Wu, Jingfeng Wang, Tong Wang
BACKGROUND: In this study, we hypothesized that CSCs mediated the expression of Cx43 after transplantation post MI via the ANG II/AT1R/TGF-beta1 signaling pathway. METHODS: Myocardial infarction (MI) was induced in twenty male Sprague-Dawley rats. The rats were randomized into two groups and were then received the injection of 5 × 10(6) CSCs labeled with PKH26 in phosphate buffer solution (PBS) or equal PBS alone into the infarct anterior ventricular free wall two weeks after MI...
December 2015: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
Haipeng Guo, Xin Zhang, Yuqian Cui, Heng Zhou, Dachun Xu, Tichao Shan, Fan Zhang, Yuan Guo, Yuguo Chen, Dawei Wu
Cardiac hypertrophy is a key pathophysiological component to biomechanical stress, which has been considered to be an independent and predictive risk factor for adverse cardiovascular events. Taxifolin (TAX) is a typical plant flavonoid, which has long been used clinically for treatment of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. However, very little is known about whether TAX can influence the development of cardiac hypertrophy. In vitro studies, we found that TAX concentration-dependently inhibited angiotensin II (Ang II) induced hypertrophy and protein synthesis in cardiac myocytes...
September 1, 2015: Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Hui Sun, Yong Zhao, Xiuping Bi, Shaohua Li, Guohai Su, Ya Miao, Xiao Ma, Yun Zhang, Wei Zhang, Ming Zhong
BACKGROUND: Angiotensin II (Ang II) and transforming growth factor β (TGFβ) are closely involved in the pathogenesis of diabetic complications. We aimed to determine whether an aberrant thrombospondin 1 (TSP1)-mediated TGFβ1/Smads signaling pathway specifically affects vascular fibrosis in diabetic rats and whether valsartan, an Ang II subtype 1 receptor blocker, has an anti-fibrotic effect. METHODS: Age-matched male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups: control (n = 8), diabetes (n = 16) and valsartan (30 mg/kg/day) (n = 16)...
2015: Diagnostic Pathology
Catalina Cofre, María José Acuña, Osvaldo Contreras, María Gabriela Morales, Cecilia Riquelme, Claudio Cabello-Verrugio, Enrique Brandan
Duchenne muscular dystrophy is a genetic disorder characterized by myofiber degeneration, muscle weakness, and increased fibrosis. Transforming growth factor type-β (TGF-β), a central mediator of fibrosis, is upregulated in fibrotic diseases. Angiotensin-(1-7) [Ang-(1-7)] is a peptide with actions that oppose those of angiotensin-II (Ang II). Ang-(1-7) effects are mediated by the Mas receptor. Treatment with Ang-(1-7) produce positive effects in the mdx mouse, normalizing skeletal muscle architecture, decreasing local fibrosis, and fibroblasts, and improving muscle function...
March 2015: BioFactors
Cheng-Chih Chung, Rung-Chieh Hsu, Yu-Hsun Kao, Jing-Ping Liou, Yen-Yu Lu, Yi-Jen Chen
BACKGROUND: Androgen deficiency produces heart failure, which can be ameliorated by testosterone supplementation. Cardiac fibrosis plays a critical role in the pathophysiology of heart failure. This study aimed to evaluate whether testosterone can attenuate cardiac fibroblast activity through modulating transforming growth factor (TGF)-β and angiotensin (Ang) II signaling. METHODS: Migration, proliferation, myofibroblast differentiation, collagen production, and transcription signaling were evaluated in adult male rat (weighing 300-350 g) cardiac fibroblasts with and without incubation with testosterone (10nM) and co-administration of TGF-β1 (10 ng/ml) or Ang II (100 nM) by cell migration analysis, proliferation assay, soluble collagen measurement, zymographic analysis, immunofluorescence microscopy, real-time PCR and Western blot...
September 20, 2014: International Journal of Cardiology
Kyle A Carver, Thomas L Smith, Patricia E Gallagher, E Ann Tallant
OBJECTIVE: The effect of the heptapeptide hormone Ang-(1-7) on microvascular fibrosis in rats with Ang II-induced hypertension was investigated, since vascular fibrosis/remodeling plays a prominent role in hypertension-induced end-organ damage and Ang-(1-7) inhibits vascular growth and fibrosis. METHODS: Fibrosis of cremaster microvessels was studied in male Lewis rats infused with Ang II and/or Ang-(1-7). RESULTS: Ang II elevated systolic blood pressure by approximately 40 mmHg, while blood pressure was not changed by Ang-(1-7)...
January 2015: Microcirculation: the Official Journal of the Microcirculatory Society, Inc
María Gabriela Morales, Johanna Abrigo, Carla Meneses, Felipe Simon, Franco Cisternas, Juan Carlos Rivera, Yaneisi Vazquez, Claudio Cabello-Verrugio
AngII (angiotensin II) induces pathological conditions such as fibrosis in skeletal muscle. In this process, AngII increases ROS (reactive oxygen species) and induces a biphasic phosphorylation of p38 MAPK (mitogen-activated protein kinase). In addition, AngII stimulates the expression and production of TGF (transforming growth factor)-β1 via a mechanism dependent on ROS production mediated by NADPH oxidase (NOX) and p38 MAPK activation. In the present study, we investigated whether Ang-(1-7) [angiotensin-(1-7)], through the Mas-1 receptor, can counteract the signalling induced by AngII in mouse skeletal muscle and cause a decrease in the expression and further activity of TGF-β1 in skeletal muscle cells...
August 2014: Clinical Science (1979-)
José Pablo Vázquez-Medina, José G Soñanez-Organis, Ruben Rodriguez, Jose A Viscarra, Akira Nishiyama, Daniel E Crocker, Rudy M Ortiz
Elephant seals naturally experience prolonged periods of absolute food and water deprivation (fasting). In humans, rats and mice, prolonged food deprivation activates the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) and increases oxidative damage. In elephant seals, prolonged fasting activates RAS without increasing oxidative damage likely due to an increase in antioxidant defenses. The mechanism leading to the upregulation of antioxidant defenses during prolonged fasting remains elusive. Therefore, we investigated whether prolonged fasting activates the redox-sensitive transcription factor Nrf2, which controls the expression of antioxidant genes, and if such activation is potentially mediated by systemic increases in RAS...
August 1, 2013: Journal of Experimental Biology
Paula Painemal, María José Acuña, Cecilia Riquelme, Enrique Brandan, Claudio Cabello-Verrugio
Excessive deposition of extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins, a condition known as fibrosis, is a hallmark of Duchenne muscular dystrophy. Among the factors that trigger muscle fibrosis are transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) and angiotensin II (Ang-II). Ang-II belongs to the renin-angiotensin system, and its biological effects are exerted by Ang-II receptors type 1 and type 2 (AT-1 and AT-2, respectively). This study aims to determine the effect of TGF-β1 on the expression of AT-1 and AT-2 receptor in skeletal muscle...
July 2013: BioFactors
Jun Gu, Xu Liu, Quan-xing Wang, Hong-wei Tan, Meng Guo, Wei-feng Jiang, Li Zhou
The activation of transforming growth factor-β1(TGF-β1)/Smad signaling pathway and increased expression of connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) induced by angiotensin II (AngII) have been proposed as a mechanism for atrial fibrosis. However, whether TGFβ1/non-Smad signaling pathways involved in AngII-induced fibrogenetic factor expression remained unknown. Recently tumor necrosis factor receptor associated factor 6 (TRAF6)/TGFβ-associated kinase 1 (TAK1) has been shown to be crucial for the activation of TGF-β1/non-Smad signaling pathways...
October 1, 2012: Experimental Cell Research
Feifei Ma, Yulin Li, Lixin Jia, Yalei Han, Jizhong Cheng, Huihua Li, Yongfen Qi, Jie Du
Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is an important cytokine participating in multiple biologic activities in immune regulation and inflammation. IL-6 has been associated with cardiovascular remodeling. However, the mechanism of IL-6 in hypertensive cardiac fibrosis is still unclear. Angiotensin II (Ang II) infusion in mice increased IL-6 expression in the heart. IL-6 knockout (IL-6-/-) reduced Ang II-induced cardiac fibrosis: 1) Masson trichrome staining showed that Ang II infusion significantly increased fibrotic areas of the wild-type mouse heart, which was greatly suppressed in IL-6-/- mice and 2) immunohistochemistry staining showed decreased expression of α-smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), transforming growth factor β1 (TGF-β1) and collagen I in IL-6-/- mouse heart...
2012: PloS One
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"