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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909781/the-ability-of-low-magnitude-mechanical-signals-to-normalize-bone-turnover-in-adolescents-hospitalized-for-anorexia-nervosa
#1
A D DiVasta, H A Feldman, C T Rubin, J S Gallagher, N Stokes, D P Kiel, B D Snyder, C M Gordon
: We sought to determine whether low-magnitude mechanical stimulation (LMMS) normalizes bone turnover among adolescents hospitalized for anorexia nervosa (AN). Brief, daily LMMS prevents the decline in bone turnover typically seen during bed rest in AN. LMMS may have application for patients with AN in the inpatient setting to protect bone health. INTRODUCTION: Malnourished adolescents with AN requiring medical hospitalization are at high risk for rapid reduction in skeletal quality...
December 1, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27909640/treating-fasciotomy-wounds-with-negative-pressure-wound-therapy-with-instillation-and-dwell-time-npwti-d
#2
Priscilla Lee
Acute compartment syndrome (ACS) is a serious complication of lower-extremity trauma caused by accidents or post-procedure complications. ACS is characterized by increased pressure within the compartment, resulting in reduced blood flow, tissue hypoxia, and tissue necrosis. Fasciotomies to relieve pressure and debridement of necrotic tissue comprise primary treatment. My purpose is to present initial experience using negative pressure wound therapy with instillation and dwell time (NPWTi-d)* to treat fasciotomy wounds in two patients...
October 28, 2016: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27907834/effects-of-drought-on-child-health-in-marsabit-district-northern-kenya
#3
Jan M Bauer, Samuel Mburu
This study uses five years of panel data (2009-2013) for Northern Kenya's Marsabit district to analyze the levels and extent of malnutrition among children aged five and under in that area. We measure drought based on the standardized normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI) and assess its effect on child health using mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC). The results show that approximately 20 percent of the children in the study area are malnourished and a one standard deviation increase in NDVI z-score decreases the probability of child malnourishment by 12-16 percent...
November 17, 2016: Economics and Human Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906025/nutritional-status-and-its-effect-on-treatment-outcome-among-hiv-infected-clients-receiving-haart-in-ethiopia-a-cohort-study
#4
Sadikalmahdi Hussen, Tefera Belachew, Nezif Hussien
PURPOSES: The aim of this study was to determine the effects of nutritional status at the start of highly active anti-retroviral therapy on treatment outcomes among HIV/AIDS patients taking HAART at Jimma University Specialized Hospital. METHODS: We performed a retrospective cohort study involving 340 adults who started highly active anti-retroviral therapy. The patients have been clinically followed for 2 years. Data were extracted from paper based medical charts by trained data collectors from January 30 to February 28, 2014 using data collection format...
September 22, 2016: AIDS Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898998/nutritional-supplementation-for-hip-fracture-aftercare-in-older-people
#5
REVIEW
Alison Avenell, Toby O Smith, James P Curtain, Jenson Cs Mak, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of fracture, and subsequently have poor food intake. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects (benefits and harms) of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, trial registers and reference lists...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27892446/assessment-of-nutritional-status-of-children-under-five-years-of-age-in-rural-nepal
#6
J Chataut, K Khanal
Background Nutritional status of children is one of the major predictors of child survival. However, malnutrition is a major public health problem in most of the developing countries and occurs prominently among under-five children. In context of Nepal, nearly 37% children are suffering from underweight, 41% from stunting and 11% are suffering from wasting. These children are at a substantially greater risk of severe acute malnutrition and death. Objective The objective of the study was to assess the nutritional status of children under five years of age and to find the factors associated with malnutrition...
January 2016: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891438/blastomycosis-like-pyoderma-a-rare-case-report
#7
Amrita A Hongal, Somashekar Gejje
Blastomycosis-like pyoderma is a rare, cutaneous bacterial infection of skin, seen in malnourished individuals, in a poor state of health and manifests as vegetating skin lesions. It is an unusual tissue reaction possibly to bacterial infection, the most common organism being Staphylococcus aureus. This case report is of a 35-year-old male who presented with thick verrucous surfaced plaques and papules on trunk and extremities since 2 months. Investigations revealed anaemia with hypochromasia, neutrophilic leucocytosis, hypo-proteinemia and hypo-albuminemia with reversal of A/G ratio...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890988/variability-in-proteinase-antiproteinase-balance-nutritional-status-and-quality-of-life-in-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-due-to-tobacco-and-nontobacco-etiology
#8
Anant Mohan, Mini Sharma, Arvind Uniyal, Rajlaxmi Borah, Kalpana Luthra, R M Pandey, Karan Madan, Vijay Hadda, Randeep Guleria
CONTEXT: Although the role of proteinase/antiproteinase imbalance in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) due to tobacco is well established, information in COPD due to nontobacco etiology is sparse. AIMS: To assess the variability in metalloproteinase activity in COPD related to tobacco and nontobacco causes. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This is a hospital-based, prospective, observational study. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Serum matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) were estimated in 200 subjects divided equally into four groups, i...
November 2016: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27889271/assessment-of-perioperative-nutrition-practices-and-attitudes-a-national-survey-of-colorectal-and-gi-surgical-oncology-programs
#9
J D Williams, Paul E Wischmeyer
BACKGROUND: Implementation of evidence-based peri-operative nutrition in the U.S. is poorly described and hypothesized to be suboptimal. This study broadly describes practices and attitudes regarding nutrition screening/intervention in U.S. gastrointestinal and oncologic surgeons. METHODS: Nationwide nutritional practice survey of GI/Oncologic surgical faculty. RESULTS: Program response rates were 57% and 81% for colorectal and oncology fellowships, respectively...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887011/large-primary-leiomyoma-causing-progressive-cervical-deformity
#10
Amro Al-Habib, Essam A Elgamal, Saleh Aldhahri, Riyadh Alokaili, Rami AlShamrani, Abdulaziz Abobotain, Khulood AlRaddadi, Hisham Alkhalidi
Leiomyomas are benign smooth tumors that rarely affect the neck area. Complete surgical resection is the treatment of choice. Here, we describe a 13-year-old girl with a large leiomyoma of the neck, which increased in size after incomplete resection. The tumor caused progressive cervical kyphotic deformity, difficulty breathing and severe malnourishment. The tumor was resected successfully in a second surgery, and the patient is stable after 3 years of follow-up. Histopathologically, the tumor was consistent with leiomyoma and showed strong reactivity to specific smooth muscle markers, such as desmin and caldesmon...
November 24, 2016: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885962/parental-history-of-moderate-to-severe-infantile-malnutrition-is-associated-with-cognitive-deficits-in-their-adult-offspring
#11
Deborah P Waber, Cyralene P Bryce, Jonathan M Girard, Laura K Fischer, Garrett M Fitzmaurice, Janina R Galler
OBJECTIVES: We compared the IQ and academic achievement of the young adult offspring of parents malnourished in infancy and those of a healthy control group in order to test the hypothesis that the offspring of previously malnourished individuals would show IQ and academic deficits that could be related to reduced parental socioeconomic status. METHODS: We conducted a group comparison study based on a community sample in Barbados (Barbados Nutrition Study). Participants were adult children ≥16 years of age whose parents had been malnourished during the first year of life (n = 64; Mean age 19...
November 25, 2016: Nutritional Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882009/functional-and-structural-abnormalities-of-the-kidney-and-urinary-tract-in-severely-malnourished-children-a-hospital-based-study
#12
Misbah Anjum, Khemchand N Moorani, Ifra Sameen, Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Shazia Kulsoom
OBJECTIVES: The association of malnutrition and systemic diseases like chronic kidney disease (CKD) is well known. Various urinary tract abnormalities may be associated with malnutrition. So objective of current study was to determine the frequency of functional and structural urinary tract abnormalities in severely malnourished children admitted in Nutritional Rehabilitation Unit (NRU) of a tertiary care facility, Karachi. METHODS: This descriptive cases series of 78 children was conducted in NRU from October 2014 - March 2015...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881845/prevalence-of-overweight-and-malnutrition-among-ethnic-minority-children-and-adolescents-in-china-1991-2010
#13
Sifan Guo, Chunhua Zhao, Qinghua Ma, Hong-Peng Sun, Chen-Wei Pan
This study aimed to determine the trends in prevalence of childhood overweight and malnutrition in a large Chinese ethnic minority population from 1991 to 2010. In the Chinese National Survey on Students' Constitution and Health from 1991 to 2010, multistage stratified sampling was conducted in the series of cross-sectional studies. Participants were 7-18-year-old students randomly selected by sex and region, and included Han and 26 ethnic minorities. During the survey period, the overall prevalence of overweight increased from 5...
November 24, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881807/sarcopenia-is-highly-prevalent-in-older-medical-patients-with-mobility-limitation-comparisons-according-to-ambulatory-status
#14
Keisuke Maeda, Hiroshi Shamoto, Hidetaka Wakabayashi, Junji Akagi
BACKGROUND: The association of sarcopenia with disability with ambulatory status is uncertain because most studies have targeted people who could walk independently. This study explored the prevalence of sarcopenia regardless of ambulatory status and the impact of ambulatory status on sarcopenia. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 778 consecutive patients, aged ≥65 years and admitted to a hospital, were enrolled. Ambulatory status was divided into 4 grades according to mobility as described in the Barthel index...
November 23, 2016: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875280/malnutrition-identified-by-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-and-american-society-for-parenteral-and-enteral-nutrition-consensus-criteria-and-other-bedside-tools-is-highly-prevalent-in-a-sample-of-individuals-undergoing-treatment-for-head-and-neck-cancer
#15
Urvashi Mulasi, David M Vock, Adam J Kuchnia, Gautam Jha, Naomi Fujioka, Venkatesh Rudrapatna, Manish R Patel, Levi Teigen, Carrie P Earthman
BACKGROUND: Using the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (Academy/ASPEN) Consensus malnutrition definition, we estimated malnutrition prevalence in a sample of individuals with head and neck cancer (HNC) and compared it with the Patient-Generated Subjective Global Assessment (PG-SGA). We also investigated the utility of the 50-kHz phase angle (PA) and 200-kHz/5-kHz impedance ratio (IR) to identify malnutrition. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Nineteen individuals (18 males, 1 female) scheduled to undergo chemoradiotherapy were seen at 5 time points during and up to 3 months after treatment completion...
October 7, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872426/gastric-tube-esophageal-reconstruction-in-children-with-esophageal-atresia-and-caustic-stricture-study-of-clinical-value-based-on-25-years-single-centre-experience
#16
Maja Milickovic, Djordje Savic, Blagoje Grujic, Aleksandar Vlahovic, Miroslav Vukadin, Mila Stajevic, Vladimir Kojovic
AIM: The aim of this study was estimation of clinical value of gastric tube esophagoplasty in children based on one single center experience. METHODS: Forty - nine patients with diagnosis of EA (n=22) and caustic esophageal injury (n=27) had undergone reverse gastric tube esophagoplasty during 25 years at our institution. Almost all EA patients received initially gastrostomy and cervical esophagostomy. Majority of CS patients had initially repeated dilatation therapy...
November 21, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27867883/demographic-details-clinical-features-and-nutritional-characteristics-of-young-adults-with-type-1-diabetes-mellitus-a-south-indian-tertiary-center-experience
#17
Mini Joseph, Asha H Shyamasunder, Riddhi D Gupta, Vijayalakshmi Anand, Nihal Thomas
CONTEXT: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) accounts for 5-10% of all diagnosed diabetes and the highest incidence is found in India. AIMS: The main objectives were to study the demographic, clinical, and nutritional characteristics of young adults with T1DM and its effect glycosylated hemoglobin levels. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among young adults with T1DM (18-45 years of age) in a tertiary hospital in South India...
November 2016: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863481/association-of-nutritional-status-related-indices-and-chemotherapy-induced-adverse-events-in-gastric-cancer-patients
#18
Seung Hee Seo, Sung-Eun Kim, Yoon-Koo Kang, Baek-Yeol Ryoo, Min-Hee Ryu, Jae Ho Jeong, Shin Sook Kang, Mihi Yang, Jung Eun Lee, Mi-Kyung Sung
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition in gastrectomized patients receiving chemotherapy is associated with the susceptibility to chemotherapy-related adverse events. This study evaluated pre-operative nutritional status-related indices associated with adverse events in post-operation gastric cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. METHODS: Medical records of 234 gastrectomized patients under adjuvant tegafur/gimeracil/oteracil chemotherapy with extended lymph node dissection were analyzed...
November 18, 2016: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857525/association-of-body-mass-index-with-dental-caries-among-malnourished-tribal-children-of-indore-division
#19
Astha Chauhan, Sandesh Nagarajappa, Pralhad L Dasar, Prashant Mishra
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Nutrition is an essential component in human growth, development and maintenance of healthy life. Tribal communities are highly disease prone and do not have the required access to basic health facilities, also having a high degree of malnutrition. The aim of this study was to determine the association of body mass index with dental caries among malnourished tribal children of Indore division (M.P.). METHODS: A cross-sectional house to house survey was carried out among 275 study subjects, 6-15 years old tribal children in two major tribal districts of Indore division...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27856446/improving-estimates-of-numbers-of-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-using-cohort-and-survey-data
#20
Sheila Isanaka, Ellen O'Neal Boundy, Rebecca F Grais, Mark Myatt, André Briend
Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is reported to affect 19 million children worldwide. However, this estimate is based on prevalence data from cross-sectional surveys and can be expected to miss some children affected by an acute condition such as SAM. The burden of acute conditions is more appropriately represented by cumulative incidence data. In the absence of incidence data, a method for burden estimation has been proposed that corrects available prevalence estimates to account for incident cases using an "incidence correction factor...
November 17, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
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