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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456030/acute-phase-nutritional-screening-tool-associated-with-functional-outcomes-of-hip-fracture-patients-a-longitudinal-study-to-compare-mna-sf-must-nrs-2002-and-gnri
#1
Tatsuro Inoue, Shogo Misu, Toshiaki Tanaka, Tetsuya Kakehi, Rei Ono
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Several hip fracture patients are malnourished, but no study has attempted to determine the optimal nutritional screening tool for predicting functional outcomes. We investigated the association between each nutritional status assessed by four nutritional screening tools at admission and functional outcomes during the postoperative acute phase in hip fracture patients. METHODS: The Mini Nutritional Assessment-Short Form (MNA-SF), the Malnutrition Universal Screening Tool (MUST), the Nutritional Risk Score 2002 (NRS-2002) and the Geriatric Nutritional Risk Index (GNRI) were assessed at admission before surgery...
February 15, 2018: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449950/impact-of-malnutrition-on-survival-and-healthcare-utilization-in-medicare-beneficiaries-with-diabetes-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#2
Naseer Ahmed, Yong Choe, Vikkie A Mustad, Sumita Chakraborty, Scott Goates, Menghua Luo, Jeffrey I Mechanick
Objective: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of pre-existing malnutrition on survival and economic implications in elderly patients with diabetes. Research design and methods: A retrospective observational study was conducted to examine the impact of malnutrition with or without other significant health conditions on survival time and healthcare costs using the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) data from 1999 to 2014 for beneficiaries with a confirmed first date of initial diagnosis of diabetes (n=15 121 131)...
2018: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448987/the-refeeding-syndrome-importance-of-phosphorus
#3
REVIEW
Marta Araujo Castro, Clotilde Vázquez Martínez
Refeeding syndrome (RS) is a complex disease that occurs when nutritional support is initiated after a period of starvation. The hallmark feature is the hypophosphataemia, however other biochemical abnormalities like hypokalaemia, hypomagnesaemia, thiamine deficiency and disorder of sodium and fluid balance are common. The incidence of RS is unknown as no universally accepted definition exists, but it is frequently underdiagnosed. RS is a potentially fatal, but preventable, disorder. The identification of patients at risk is crucial to improve their management...
February 12, 2018: Medicina Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444561/committed-to-be-fit-the-value-of-preoperative-care-in-the-perioperative-medicine-era
#4
Javier Ripollés-Melchor, Francesco Carli, Miquel Coca-Martínez, Macarena Barbero-Mielgo, José M Ramírez-Rodríguez, José A García-Erce
In the era of perioperative medicine, important advances have been made in the perioperative care of patients, usually within those known as Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) protocols. These have led to a decrease in postoperative complications and the duration of hospital stays; however, there is still a lack of preoperative care, which could make perioperative medicine more prominent. Elderly patients, malnourished, anaemic and ones with a low physical function before surgery are likely to have sub-optimal recovery from surgery...
February 14, 2018: Minerva Anestesiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29440009/u-shaped-association-between-serum-uric-acid-levels-with-cardiovascular-and-all-cause-mortality-in-the-elderly-the-role-of-malnourishment
#5
Wei-Cheng Tseng, Yung-Tai Chen, Shuo-Ming Ou, Chia-Jen Shih, Der-Cherng Tarng
BACKGROUND: The link between elevated serum uric acid (SUA) levels and cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related mortality in the elderly population remains inconclusive. Nutritional status influences both SUA and CVD outcomes. Therefore, we investigated whether SUA-predicted mortality and the effect-modifying roles of malnourishment in older people. METHODS AND RESULTS: A longitudinal Taiwanese cohort including 127 771 adults 65 years and older participating in the Taipei City Elderly Health Examination Program from 2001 to 2010 were stratified by 1-mg/dL increment of SUA...
February 10, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435439/extracellular-calcium-dictates-onset-severity-and-recovery-of-diarrhea-in-a-child-with-immune-mediated-enteropathy
#6
Johnathan Fraebel, Regino Gonzalez-Peralta, Maryann Maximos, Genie L Beasley, Christopher Douglas Jolley, Sam Xianjun Cheng
Diarrhea causes monovalent and divalent ion losses that can influence clinical outcome. Unlike the losses of monovalent ions, such as Na+, K+, Cl-, and [Formula: see text], which are generally large in quantity (osmoles) and therefore determine the severity of diarrhea, the losses of divalent ions are relatively small in osmoles and are often overlooked during diarrheal treatment. Studies now suggest that despite divalent ions being small in osmoles, their effects are large due to the presence of divalent ion-sensing receptors and their amplifying effects in the gut...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432657/clinical-profile-antibiotic-susceptibility-pattern-of-bacterial-isolates-and-factors-associated-with-complications-in-culture-proven-typhoid-patients-admitted-to-an-urban-hospital-in-bangladesh
#7
Halima Khatun, Shoeb Bin Islam, Nurun Nahar Naila, Syed Aminul Islam, Baitun Nahar, Md Nur Haque Alam, Tahmeed Ahmed
OBJECTIVES: Typhoid fever is one of the major causes of morbidity and mortality in typhoid endemic countries like Bangladesh. However, data on the clinical and microbiological profile as well as factors associated with complications of typhoid in Bangladesh are scarce. We intended to characterize the clinical and microbiological profile of culture-proven typhoid fever and to identify factors associated with complications. METHODOLOGY: Retrospective analysis of clinical data from 431 patients with culture-confirmed typhoid fever admitted to Dhaka hospital of International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, between January 2010 and December 2014...
February 12, 2018: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432295/screening-tools-for-paediatric-malnutrition-are-we-there-yet
#8
Luise V Marino, Philippa C Thomas, Robert M Beattie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The development of nutritional screening tools has done much to raise the profile of nutrition and encourage healthcare practitioners to consider how to identify children at nutritional risk. However, the next challenge is to ensure nutritional screening accurately identifies those who have immediate and ongoing risk and therefore the potential to impact on it. RECENT FINDINGS: In this article, we review recent evidence which suggests that the large-scale use of these tools outside of a research setting is not always helpful...
February 9, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429855/accurate-coding-impacts-the-geometric-length-of-stay-for-malnourished-inpatients
#9
Jennifer Doley, Wendy Phillips
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 8, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429536/are-patients-affected-by-mitochondrial-disorders-at-nutritional-risk
#10
Emilie Aubry, Carla Aeberhard, Lia Bally, Jean-Marc Nuoffer, Lorenz Risch, Stefan Mühlebach, Jean-Marc Burgunder, Zeno Stanga
OBJECTIVES: Patients with mitochondrial disorders (MD) frequently present with gastrointestinal complaints, mainly gastrointestinal dysmotility, that interfere with their food intake. A deterioration of their nutritional state may worsen the course of the disease. Our study aimed to evaluate a simple screening tool to identify nutritional risk and perform an extended nutritional assessment to explore the potential presence of deficiencies in this population compared with controls. METHODS: A prospective cohort study was conducted to compare outpatients with MD to matched healthy controls...
March 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429533/the-effect-of-chemotherapy-on-nutritional-status-and-weakness-in-geriatric-gastrointestinal-system-cancer-patients
#11
Derya Hopanci Bicakli, Ahmet Ozveren, Ruchan Uslu, Reci Meseri Dalak, Ruksan Cehreli, Mehmet Uyar, Bulent Karabulut, Fehmi Akcicek
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition is common in patients with geriatric gastrointestinal system (GIS) cancer. This study aimed to evaluate patients with geriatric GIS cancer in terms of nutritional status and weakness and determine the changes caused by chemotherapy (CT). METHODS: Patients with geriatric GIS cancer who received CT were included in the study. Their nutritional status was assessed with the Mini Nutritional Assessment, and weakness was assessed with the handgrip strength/body mass index ratio...
March 2018: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428438/no-obesity-paradox-in-pediatric-patients-with-dilated-cardiomyopathy
#12
Chesney D Castleberry, John L Jefferies, Ling Shi, James D Wilkinson, Jeffrey A Towbin, Ryan W Harrison, Joseph W Rossano, Elfriede Pahl, Teresa M Lee, Linda J Addonizio, Melanie D Everitt, Justin Godown, Joseph Mahgerefteh, Paolo Rusconi, Charles E Canter, Steven D Colan, Paul F Kantor, Hiedy Razoky, Steven E Lipshultz, Tracie L Miller
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the role of nutrition in pediatric dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). BACKGROUND: In adults with DCM, malnutrition is associated with mortality, whereas obesity is associated with survival. METHODS: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-funded Pediatric Cardiomyopathy Registry was used to identify patients with DCM and categorized by anthropometric measurements: malnourished (MN) (body mass index [BMI] <5% for ≥2 years or weight-for-length <5% for <2 years), obesity (BMI >95% for age ≥2 years or weight-for-length >95% for <2 years), or normal bodyweight (NB)...
February 1, 2018: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426366/children-with-oedema-recover-better-than-those-with-severe-wasting-in-outpatient-therapeutic-program-at-boloso-sore-district-southwest-ethiopia
#13
Mulugeta Yohannis Kabalo, Bereket Yohannes
OBJECTIVES: Severely undernourished young children clinically present with a typical nutritional oedema or none-oedematous. However, research evidence is limited on how these types predict treatment outcomes in Ethiopia. This study was aimed to compare oedematous and none-oedematous children for their treatment outcomes in Boloso Sore district in Southwest Ethiopia. RESULTS: The overall recovery rate was 396 (68%). From oedematous children; 235 (79.9%) recovered, 18 (6...
February 9, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424058/a-realistic-evaluation-approach-highlighted-the-success-factors-and-difficulties-of-an-innovative-and-comprehensive-malnutrition-programme-in-madagascar
#14
Margot Magnin, Emilien Jeannot, Rajaobelina Voahangy, Beat Stoll
AIM: Malnutrition has multiple causes, not just a lack of calories. We explored the successes and barriers of an innovative, comprehensive programme in Madagascar that educated mothers in particular about nutrition. METHODS: The outpatient programme in Antananarivo treats 2,400 malnourished children from 6-59 months each year. The 35-day programme comprises health checks, cooking demonstrations, the distribution of enriched flour supplements and two food-related games that are called Nutricartes and are based on boards and picture cards...
February 9, 2018: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29422206/individualized-growth-assessment-conceptual-framework-and-practical-implementation-for-the-evaluation-of-fetal-growth-and-neonatal-growth-outcome
#15
REVIEW
Russell L Deter, Wesley Lee, Lami Yeo, Offer Erez, Uma Ramamurthy, Medha Naik, Roberto Romero
Fetal growth abnormalities can pose significant consequences on perinatal morbidity and mortality of nonanomalous fetuses. The most widely accepted definition of fetal growth restriction is an estimated fetal weight less than the 10th percentile for gestational age according to population-based criteria. However, these criteria do not account for the growth potential of an individual fetus, nor do they effectively separate constitutionally small fetuses from ones that are malnourished. Furthermore, conventional approaches typically evaluate estimated fetal weight at a single time point, rather than using serial scans, to evaluate growth...
February 2018: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420989/supplemental-protein-from-dairy-products-increases-body-weight-and-vitamin-d-improves-physical-performance-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#16
REVIEW
Priya Dewansingh, Alida Melse-Boonstra, Wim P Krijnen, Cees P van der Schans, Harriët Jager-Wittenaar, Ellen G H M van den Heuvel
The purpose of these systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the effectiveness of dairy components on nutritional status and physical fitness in older adults, as evidence for efficacy of the supplementation of these components is inconclusive. Scopus and MEDLINE were searched. Main inclusion criteria for articles were as follows: double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trials including participants aged ≥55 years who received dairy components or a placebo. Outcome measures were nutrient status (body weight and body mass index) and physical fitness (body composition, muscle strength, and physical performance)...
January 2018: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415828/sporulated-bacillus-as-alternative-treatment-for-diarrhea-of-hospitalized-adult-patients-under-enteral-nutrition-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-study
#17
Gustavo Gomes de Castro Soares, Carlos Hespanha Marinho, Regiane Pitol, Camila Andretta, Edinaldo Oliveira, Cristina Martins, Miguel Carlos Riella
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Among hospitalized patients receiving enteral nutrition (EN), malnutrition and antibiotic use are some of the most common causes of diarrhea. Prebiotics and probiotics agents have been used for treatment of diarrhea in such patients. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of a sporulated Bacillus strain (Bacillus cereus A 05), compared to a control group using a prebiotic (soluble fiber), in reducing diarrhea in patients receiving EN and antibiotic therapy...
December 2017: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415750/acute-malnutrition-among-children-aged-6-59%C3%A2-months-of-the-nomadic-population-in-hadaleala-district-afar-region-northeast-ethiopia
#18
Zemichael Gizaw, Wondwoson Woldu, Bikes Destaw Bitew
BACKGROUND: Acute malnutrition to be a major health burden in the world, particularly in the developing world. Acute malnutrition is associated with more than one third of the global disease burden for children. Malnourished children are physically, emotionally and intellectually less productive and suffer more from chronic illnesses and disabilities. The nature, magnitude and determinants of acute malnutrition are determined among the general populations; however, there is a lack of evidence in the nomadic communities...
February 7, 2018: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414683/metabolism-in-pluripotent-stem-cells-and-early-mammalian-development
#19
REVIEW
Jin Zhang, Jing Zhao, Perrine Dahan, Vivian Lu, Cheng Zhang, Hu Li, Michael A Teitell
Emerging and seminal studies have shown that cell metabolism influences gene expression by modifying the epigenome, which can regulate stem cell pluripotency, differentiation, and somatic cell reprogramming. Core pluripotency factors and developmental regulators reciprocally control the expression of key metabolism genes and their encoded pathways. Recent technological advances enabling sensitive detection methods during early mammalian development revealed the state-specific and context-dependent coordination of signal transduction, histone modifications, and gene expression in developing, resting, and malnourished embryos...
February 6, 2018: Cell Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29414050/dna-damage-in-blood-cells-in-relation-to-chemotherapy-and-nutritional-status-in-colorectal-cancer-patients-a-pilot-study
#20
Ane Sørlie Kværner, Jun Minaguchi, Naouale El Yamani, Christine Henriksen, Hanna Ræder, Ingvild Paur, Hege Berg Henriksen, Gro Wiedswang, Sigbjørn Smeland, Rune Blomhoff, Andrew Richard Collins, Siv Kjølsrud Bøhn
DNA damage can be considered as a biomarker for toxicity and response to chemotherapy. It is not known whether the chemotherapy-induced genotoxicity is associated with malnutrition. In this pilot study, we assess genotoxicity by means of DNA damage in patients with lymph-node positive colorectal cancer (CRC) and explore associations with chemotherapy treatment and nutritional status. DNA damage was compared between patients receiving chemotherapy (n = 24) and those not receiving chemotherapy (n = 20)...
January 11, 2018: DNA Repair
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