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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209304/prognostic-value-of-the-nutritional-risk-index-in-heart-transplant-recipients
#1
Eduardo Barge-Caballero, Fernando García-López, Raquel Marzoa-Rivas, Gonzalo Barge-Caballero, David Couto-Mallón, María J Paniagua-Martín, Miguel Solla-Buceta, Carlos Velasco-Sierra, Francisco Pita-Gutiérrez, José M Herrera-Noreña, José J Cuenca-Castillo, José Manuel Vázquez-Rodríguez, María G Crespo-Leiro
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: To study the prognostic impact of preoperative nutritional status, as assessed through the nutritional risk index (NRI), on postoperative outcomes after heart transplantation (HT). METHODS: We conducted a retrospective, single-center study of 574 patients who underwent HT from 1991 to 2014. Preoperative NRI was calculated as 1.519 × serum albumin (g/L) + 41.7 × (body weight [kg] / ideal body weight [kg]). The association between preoperative NRI and postoperative outcomes was analyzed by means of multivariable logistic regression and multivariable Cox regression...
February 10, 2017: Revista Española de Cardiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28208962/the-effect-of-nutritional-status-on-outcome-of-hospitalization-in-paediatric-liver-disease-patients
#2
Yasmeen Mansi, Shereen Abdel Ghaffar, Shaymaa Sayed, Hanaa El-Karaksy
INTRODUCTION: Liver is an important organ for metabolism. It has a major role in integrating the various biochemical pathways of metabolism. Thus, children with chronic liver disease are at high risk for developing undernutrition, with important prognostic implications. AIM: To evaluate the nutritional status of hospitalized paediatric liver disease patients and its effect on outcome. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We prospectively analysed the nutritional status of 59 consecutive patients during their first 24 hours of admission, at the Hepatology Unit, using the following indices: weight/age, height/age, weight/height, Body Mass Index (BMI), arm circumference and triceps skinfold, subcapular skinfold, and mid upper arm circumference...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207425/evidence-based-interventions-for-improvement-of-maternal-and-child-nutrition-in-low-income-settings-what-s-new
#3
Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F Gaffey, Jai K Das, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Maternal and child malnutrition continues to disproportionately affect low and middle-income countries, contributing to high rates of morbidity, mortality, and suboptimal development. This article reviews evidence from recent systematic reviews and studies on the effectiveness of interventions to improve nutritional status in these especially vulnerable populations. RECENT FINDINGS: Macronutrients provided to expectant mothers in the form of balanced protein energy supplements can improve fetal growth and birth outcomes, and new research suggests that lipid nutrient supplements can reduce both stunting and wasting in newborns...
February 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205158/understanding-food-fussiness-and-its-implications-for-food-choice-health-weight-and-interventions-in-young-children-the-impact-of-professor-jane-wardle
#4
REVIEW
E Leigh Gibson, Lucy Cooke
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review examines the concepts of fussy eating and food neophobia in the context of key determinants of the development of children's food preferences. We discuss the evidence for genetic versus parental and other environmental influences on the ontogeny of these behavioural traits and the implications of current knowledge for interventions that attempt to lessen the impact of these traits on children's diets. Finally, we consider whether these traits increase the risk of a child becoming obese, or alternatively, underweight and malnourished...
February 16, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28204965/prognostic-value-of-simple-frailty-and-malnutrition-screening-tools-in-patients-with-acute-heart-failure-due-to-left-ventricular-systolic-dysfunction
#5
S Sze, J Zhang, P Pellicori, D Morgan, A Hoye, A L Clark
BACKGROUND: Frailty and malnutrition are common in patients with heart failure (HF), and are associated with adverse outcomes. We studied the prognostic value of three malnutrition and three frailty indices in patients admitted acutely to hospital with HF. METHODS: 265 consecutive patients [62% males, median age 80 (interquartile range (IQR): 72-86) years, median NTproBNP 3633 (IQR: 2025-6407) ng/l] admitted with HF between 2013 and 2014 were enrolled. Patients were screened for frailty using the Derby frailty index (DFI), acute frailty network (AFN) frailty criteria, and clinical frailty scale (CFS) and for malnutrition using the geriatric nutritional risk index (GNRI), controlling nutritional status (CONUT) score and prognostic nutritional index (PNI)...
February 15, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28196115/nutritional-assessment-of-community-dwelling-older-adults-in-rural-nepal
#6
Saruna Ghimire, Binaya Kumar Baral, Karen Callahan
BACKGROUND: Demographic transition in Nepal, like in many developing countries, has resulted in a burgeoning elderly population whose health status is not currently monitored. One pillar of health is adequate nutrition. Yet, little is known about the nutritional health status of the elderly in Nepal. The financial, material, and personnel limitations in Nepal's health delivery services necessitate health screening instruments that require minimal clinical staff and resources. To our knowledge, no such nutritional assessment tool has been validated in Nepal...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183043/combined-thin-layer-chromatography-and-gas-chromatography-with-mass-spectrometric-analysis-of-lipid-classes-and-fatty-acids-in-malnourished-polar-bears-ursus-maritimus-which-swam-to-iceland
#7
Dorothee Eibler, Sabine Krüger, Karl Skírnisson, Walter Vetter
Between 2008 and 2011, four polar bears (Ursus maritimus) from the Greenland population swam and/or drifted on ice to Iceland where they arrived in very poor body condition. Body fat resources in these animals were only between 0% and 10% of the body weight (usually 25%). Here we studied the lipid composition in different tissues (adipose tissue if available, liver, kidney and muscle). Lipid classes were determined by thin layer chromatography (TLC) and on-column gas chromatography with mass spectrometry (GC/MS)...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179168/parallel-changes-in-cortical-neuron-biochemistry-and-motor-function-in-protein-energy-malnourished-adult-rats
#8
Mariam Alaverdashvili, Mark J Hackett, Sally Caine, Phyllis G Paterson
While protein-energy malnutrition in the adult has been reported to induce motor abnormalities and exaggerate motor deficits caused by stroke, it is not known if alterations in mature cortical neurons contribute to the functional deficits. Therefore, we explored if PEM in adult rats provoked changes in the biochemical profile of neurons in the forelimb and hindlimb regions of the motor cortex. Fourier transform infrared spectroscopic imaging using a synchrotron generated light source revealed for the first time altered lipid composition in neurons and subcellular domains (cytosol and nuclei) in a cortical layer and region-specific manner...
February 4, 2017: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28176953/survival-status-and-predictors-of-mortality-among-severely-acute-malnourished-children-5-years-of-age-admitted-to-stabilization-centers-in-gedeo-zone-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#9
Tadele Girum, Mesfin Kote, Befikadu Tariku, Henok Bekele
Despite the existence of standard protocol, many stabilization centers (SCs) continue to experience high mortality of children receiving treatment for severe acute malnutrition. Assessing treatment outcomes and identifying predictors may help to overcome this problem. Therefore, a 30-month retrospective cohort study was conducted among 545 randomly selected medical records of children <5 years of age admitted to SCs in Gedeo Zone. Data was entered by Epi Info version 7 and analyzed by STATA version 11. Cox proportional hazards model was built by forward stepwise procedure and compared by the likelihood ratio test and Harrell's concordance, and fitness was checked by Cox-Snell residual plot...
2017: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28174491/comprehensive-evaluation-of-nutritional-status-before-and-after-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-170-patients-with-hematological-diseases
#10
Peng Liu, Boshi Wang, Xia Yan, Jingjing Cai, Yu Wang
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the nutritional status of patients before and after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT), and explore optimal methods for assessing nutritional status in patients with hematological diseases. METHODS: This cohort study enrolled 170 patients who were diagnosed with hematological diseases and underwent allogeneic HSCT in the Department of Hematology, Peking University People's Hospital between May 2011 and April 2013. We used fixed-point continuous sampling and four nutritional screening tools, Nutritional Risk Screening 2002 (NRS-2002), Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA), Subjective Global Assessment (SGA) and Malnutrition Universal Screening Tools (MUST), in combination with body measurements, to extensively screen and evaluate nutritional risks and status in patients receiving HSCT before entering and after leaving laminar air flow rooms...
December 2016: Chinese Journal of Cancer Research, Chung-kuo Yen Cheng Yen Chiu
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28173966/nutrition-interventions-in-patients-with-gynecological-cancers-requiring-surgery
#11
Andreas Obermair, Marko Simunovic, Liz Isenring, Monika Janda
OBJECTIVE: Including developing countries, between 20 and 88% of gynecological oncology patients may present with at least mild malnutrition at diagnosis. Significant morbidity and mortality is attributed to malnutrition. Here we reviewed randomized clinical trials of nutritional interventions used to achieve early return to oral diet, enhance recovery from surgery and reduce adverse events in gynecological cancer patients undergoing surgery. METHODS: Ebscohost (CINAHL+Medline+PsycINFO), Cochrane, Embase, PubMed and Scopus databases were searched for articles published from 2000 onwards...
February 4, 2017: Gynecologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166247/recovery-rate-and-associated-factors-of-children-age-6-to-59-months-admitted-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-at-inpatient-unit-of-bahir-dar-felege-hiwot-referral-hospital-therapeutic-feeding-unite-northwest-ethiopia
#12
Hanna Demelash Desyibelew, Abel Fekadu, Haile Woldie
BACKGROUND: Despite numerous advances made in improving child health and the clinical management protocols for treating severe acute malnutrition at treatment centers, evidences concerning the treatment outcomes are scarce. Therefore, this study was conducted to assess the recovery rate and associated factors of severely acute malnourished children of age 6 to 59 months admitted to inpatient therapeutic feeding unit at Felege Hiwot Referral Hospital. METHODS: We conducted a hospital-based cross-sectional study including 401 severely malnourished children who were admitted from September 2012 to January 2016...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164028/the-clinical-spectrum-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-in-cameroon-a-hospital-based-study-in-yaounde-cameroon
#13
Andreas Chiabi, Berthe Malangue, Seraphin Nguefack, Félicitée Nguefack Dongmo, Florence Fru, Virginie Takou, Fru Angwafo
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major health problem, and the cause of more than half of childhood deaths in children less than 5 years in developing countries. Globally, 20 million children under 5 years of age are severely malnourished according to the World Health Organization (WHO). In Cameroon, the prevalence of SAM remains high and estimated at 1.9% in 2011 and 1.3% in 2014. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology, clinical aspects and outcome of SAM at the Yaounde Gynaeco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital (YGOPH)...
January 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160259/protein-malnutrition-during-fetal-programming-induces-fatty-liver-in-adult-male-offspring-rats
#14
Sabrina Edith Campisano, Stella Maris Echarte, Enrique Podaza, Andrea Nancy Chisari
We evaluated the effects of protein malnutrition on liver morphology and physiology in rats subjected to different malnutrition schemes. Pregnant rats were fed with a control diet or a low protein diet (LPD). Male offspring rats received a LPD during gestation, lactation, and until they were 60 days old (MM group), a late LPD that began after weaning (CM), or a LPD administrated only during the gestation-lactation period followed by a control diet (MC). On day 60, blood was collected and the liver was dissected out...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28158927/analysis-of-the-roles-of-dietary-protein-and-calcium-in-fluoride-induced-changes-in-t-lymphocyte-subsets-in-rat
#15
Hongwei Wang, Bianhua Zhou, Ruiyan Niu, Jinming Wang, Jianhai Zhang, Jundong Wang
The roles of dietary protein (Pr) and calcium (Ca) levels on the changes in T-lymphocyte subsets induced by excessive fluoride (F) intake were assessed using rats that were malnourished for 120 days as a model. The CD(4+) and CD(8+) T-lymphocytes in the spleen tissue were determined by flow cytometry and immunofluorescence assay. The percentages of CD(3+) , CD(4+) , and CD(8+) T-lymphocytes were reduced in the spleen of rats exposed to excessive F, and malnutrition aggravated these changes in the T-lymphocytes...
February 3, 2017: Environmental Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156492/food-as-medicine-a-randomized-controlled-trial-rct-of-home-delivered-medically-tailored-meals-hdmtm-on-quality-of-life-qol-in-metastatic-lung-and-non-colorectal-gi-cancer-patients
#16
Raymond Mailhot Vega, Lisa Zullig, Alissa Wassung, Dorella Walters, Noah Berland, Kevin Lee Du, Jiyoung Ahn, Cynthia G Leichman, Deirdre Jill Cohen, Ping Gu, Abraham Chachoua, Lawrence P Leichman, Karen Pearl, Peter B Schiff
: 155 Background: Malnutrition incidence in cancer approaches 85%, disproportionately burdening those with lung, GI, and advanced stage cancers. Malnourished patients have impaired chemotherapy response, shorter survival, longer hospital stays, and decreased QoL. Home delivered meals are nutritional interventions that improve patient well-being, nutrition, and lower healthcare costs in the elderly but have not been studied as an intervention in cancer patients. HDMTM are nutritionist prescribed home delivered meals tailored to patient's symptoms, co-morbidities, and health needs...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28155288/association-between-depression-in-carers-and-malnutrition-in-children-aged-6-months-to-5-years
#17
Keneilwe Motlhatlhedi, Vincent Setlhare, Adewale Ganiyu, Jacqueline Firth
BACKGROUND:  Childhood malnutrition is an important risk factor for child mortality and underlies close to 50% of child deaths worldwide. Previous studies have found an association between maternal depression and child malnutrition, but it is not known whether this association exists in Botswana. In addition, previous studies excluded non-maternal primary caregivers (PCGs). It is unclear whether the association between primary caregiver depression and child malnutrition remains when non-maternal PCGs are included...
January 30, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28154278/near-fatal-anorexia-nervosa-in-a-middle-aged-woman
#18
Luca Foppiani, Bruno Massobrio, Christian Cascio, Giancarlo Antonucci
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a serious psychiatric disorder which typically occurs in young women; however, more and more cases in middle-aged women are being reported. The management of this complex disease requires a team approach, and full recovery occurs only in 50% of patients. Endocrine and metabolic complications are commonly observed, the latter of which may even be life-threatening, and require prompt and proper management. Infections, albeit reported, are not usually a major clinical problem in these patients...
2017: Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28153387/-the-elderly-living-alone-and-malnutrition-solger-study
#19
Lidia Paino Pardal, Laia Poblet I Montells, Laura Ríos Álvarez
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine if there are any connections between living alone and suffering from malnutrition or having a risk of being malnourished, in people over 79years old in a Mediterranean population. DESIGN: A questionnaire was used in a cross-sectional and multicentre study conducted between June and December 2014 in three Primary Care Centres (PCC). PARTICIPANTS: A quota was chosen for each centre, including all patients over 79years, with a total of 167 people...
January 30, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152193/impact-of-low-weight-severity-and-menstrual-status-on-bone-in-adolescent-girls-with-anorexia-nervosa
#20
Nurgun Kandemir, Kendra Becker, Meghan Slattery, Shreya Tulsiani, Vibha Singhal, Jennifer J Thomas, Kathryn Coniglio, Hang Lee, Kamryn T Eddy, Anne Klibanski, Madhusmita Misra
Clinicians currently use different low-weight cut-offs both to diagnose anorexia nervosa (AN) and to determine AN severity in adolescent girls. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical utility of existing cut-offs and severity criteria by determining which are most strongly associated with risk for low bone mineral density (BMD). Height adjusted BMD Z scores were calculated for 352 females: 262 with AN and 90 healthy controls (controls) (12-20.5 years), using data from the BMD in Childhood Study, for the lumbar spine, whole body less head, and total hip...
February 2, 2017: International Journal of Eating Disorders
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