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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107326/identifying-malnutrition-nutritional-status-in-newly-diagnosed-patients-with-cancer%C3%A2
#1
Karthikayini Krishnasamy, Tang Li Yoong, Chong Mei Chan, Lau Peng Chong, Karuthan Chinna
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common among patients with cancer, but little attention is given to its risks and consequences.
. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the nutritional status and identify the factors associated with malnutrition among newly diagnosed patients with cancer
. METHODS: Patients admitted with newly diagnosed cancer at a teaching hospital in Malaysia were recruited from January to April 2015. Nutritional status was assessed before treatment initiation, and patients were classified into three categories...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104188/maternal-multiple-micronutrient-supplementation-and-other-biomedical-and-socioenvironmental-influences-on-children-s-cognition-at-age-9-12-years-in-indonesia-follow-up-of-the-summit-randomised-trial
#2
Elizabeth L Prado, Susy K Sebayang, Mandri Apriatni, Siti R Adawiyah, Nina Hidayati, Ayuniarti Islamiyah, Sudirman Siddiq, Benyamin Harefa, Jarrad Lum, Katherine J Alcock, Michael T Ullman, Husni Muadz, Anuraj H Shankar
BACKGROUND: Brain and cognitive development during the first 1000 days from conception are affected by multiple biomedical and socioenvironmental determinants including nutrition, health, nurturing, and stimulation. An improved understanding of the long-term influence of these factors is needed to prioritise public health investments to optimise human development. METHODS: We did a follow-up study of the Supplementation with Multiple Micronutrients Intervention Trial (SUMMIT), a double-blind, cluster-randomised trial of maternal supplementation with multiple micronutrients (MMN) or iron and folic acid (IFA) in Indonesia...
February 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100604/sufficient-protein-quality-of-food-aid-varies-with-the-physiologic-status-of-recipients
#3
Meghan Callaghan, Momo Oyama, Mark Manary
Protein quality scores use the amino acid (AA) requirements of a healthy North American child. AA requirements vary with physiologic status. We estimated AA requirements for healthy North American children, children with environmental enteric dysfunction, children recovering from wasting, and children with an acute infection. The protein quality of food aid products was then calculated to determine whether it was sufficient in all these groups, and we found that it may not be adequate for all of them. Physiologic status is important when assessing the protein quality of food aid...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28100361/-the-relationship-between-nutritional-status-and-oxidative-stress-markers-pulmonary-function-in-patients-with-stable-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
X L Jiang, P Zhong, C L Huang, F He, X M Fan, X R Chen
Objective: To investigate the association between the nutritional status of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and the levels of serum oxidative stress markers protein carbonyls (PC), malondialdehyde (MDA), 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), total antioxidant capacity (TAC) and pulmonary function. Methods: 200 patients with stable COPD (the COPD group) and 100 healthy individuals (the control group) who visited during June 2014 and August 2014 were enrolled in our study. The levels of PC, MDA, 8-OHdG and TAC in serum were detected...
January 12, 2017: Chinese Journal of Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099511/extracellular-fluid-intracellular-fluid-volume-ratio-as-a-novel-risk-indicator-for-all-cause-mortality-and-cardiovascular-disease-in-hemodialysis-patients
#5
Eun-Jung Kim, Myung-Jin Choi, Jeoung-Hwan Lee, Ji-Eun Oh, Jang-Won Seo, Young-Ki Lee, Jong-Woo Yoon, Hyung-Jik Kim, Jung-Woo Noh, Ja-Ryong Koo
BACKGROUND: In hemodialysis patients, fluid overload and malnutrition are accompanied by extracellular fluid (ECF) expansion and intracellular fluid (ICF) depletion, respectively. We investigated the relationship between ECF/ICF ratio (as an integrated marker reflecting both fluid overload and malnutrition) and survival and cardiovascular disease (CVD) in the context of malnutrition-inflammation-arteriosclerosis (MIA) complex. METHODS: Seventy-seven patients from a single hemodialysis unit were prospectively enrolled...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098050/dairy-food-supplementation-may-reduce-malnutrition-risk-in-institutionalised-elderly
#6
Sandra Iuliano, Shirley Poon, Xiaofang Wang, Minh Bui, Ego Seeman
Malnutrition in institutionalised elderly increases morbidity and care costs. Meat and dairy foods are high-quality protein sources so adequate intakes may reduce malnutrition risk. We aimed to determine whether inadequate intakes of meat and dairy foods contribute to malnutrition in institutionalised elderly. This cross-sectional study involved 215 elderly residents (70·2 % females, mean age 85·8 years) from twenty-one aged-care facilities in Melbourne, Australia. Dietary intake was assessed using observed plate waste...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093536/noma-overview-of-a-neglected-disease-and-human-rights-violation
#7
REVIEW
M Leila Srour, Klaas Marck, Denise Baratti-Mayer
Noma is an orofacial gangrene affecting malnourished children and mainly observed in tropical countries, particularly sub-Saharan Africa. Epidemiological data on noma are scarce, but a current estimate of the global incidence is 30,000-40,000 cases per year, with a mortality rate of approximately 85% and a burden of disease calculated to be a loss of 1-10 million disability-adjusted life years. The etiology of noma is multifactorial with malnutrition as an ever present factor, often in combination with concomitant diseases, such as measles, malaria, and human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and poor oral hygiene...
January 16, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090471/hair-zinc-level-analysis-and-correlative-micronutrients-in-children-presenting-with-malnutrition-and-poor-growth
#8
Tae Hwan Han, Jin Lee, Yong Joo Kim
PURPOSE: Zinc deficiency can induce serious clinical problems in the gastrointestinal (GI) system and immune system and can affect growth and development. It is more severe in younger patients. Chronic zinc deficiency is reflected more precisely in hair than in serum. We studied hair zinc levels and other hair and serum micronutrients in chronic malnourished children to identify which micronutrients are affected or correlated with the other ones. METHODS: Hair mineral analyses were performed in 56 children (age, 1-15 years) presenting with malnutrition, poor growth, poor appetite, anorexia, with/without other GI symptoms (diarrhea, abdominal pain, constipation) from August 2012 to March 2015...
December 2016: Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088190/total-kidney-and-liver-volume-is-a-major-risk-factor-for-malnutrition-in-ambulatory-patients-with-autosomal-dominant-polycystic-kidney-disease
#9
Hyunjin Ryu, Hyosang Kim, Hayne Cho Park, Hyunsuk Kim, Eun Jin Cho, Kyu-Beck Lee, Wookyung Chung, Kook-Hwan Oh, Jeong Yeon Cho, Young-Hwan Hwang, Curie Ahn
BACKGROUND: In patients with autosomal dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD), malnutrition may develop as renal function declines and the abdominal organs become enlarged. We investigated the relationship of intra-abdominal mass with nutritional status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was performed at a tertiary hospital outpatient clinic. Anthropometric and laboratory data including serum creatinine, albumin, and cholesterol were collected, and kidney and liver volumes were measured...
January 14, 2017: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086763/the-prevalence-and-factors-associated-with-malnutrition-among-infants-with-cleft-palate-and-or-lip-at-a-hospital-in-uganda-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Martin Tungotyo, Daniel Atwine, Deborah Nanjebe, Andrew Hodges, Martin Situma
BACKGROUND: To determine the prevalence and factors associated with malnutrition among infants with Cleft palate and/or cleft lip (CP+/-L) at Comprehensive Rehabilitation for Uganda Hospital (CoRSU) in Uganda. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study done on infants with CP+/-L and their caretakers admitted between November 2013 and October 2014 at CoRSU hospital which was the study setting. A questionnaire was answered by the infants' caretakers. The main outcome measure, malnutrition was defined and classified based on Z-scores obtained using the W...
January 13, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081049/the-first-infant-death-associated-with-human-coronavirus-nl63-infection
#11
Capan Konca, Gulay Korukluoglu, Mehmet Tekin, Habip Almis, İbrahim Hakan Bucak, Hatice Uygun, Ayse Basak Altas, Fatma Bayrakdar
Human coronavirus NL63 (HCoV-NL63) primarily infects the upper respiratory tract. However, it may cause severe lower respiratory tract infection, and the clinical course may be severe in immunocompromised patients. To our knowledge, child death due to HCoV-NL63 has not been reported. We present a fatal lower respiratory tract disease associated with HCoV-NL63 in a 7-month-old malnourished infant.
February 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079729/effect-of-probiotics-on-diarrhea-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-randomized-controlled-study-in-uganda
#12
Benedikte Grenov, Hanifa Namusoke, Betty Lanyero, Nicolette Nabukeera-Barungi, Christian Ritz, Christian Mølgaard, Henrik Friis, Kim F Michaelsen
OBJECTIVES: To assess the effect of probiotics on diarrhea during in- and outpatient treatment of children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study was conducted involving 400 children admitted with SAM. Patients received one daily dose of a blend of Bifidobacterium animalis subsp. lactis (BB-12) and Lactobacillus rhamnosus (LGG) (10 billion colony-forming units, 50:50) or placebo during hospitalization followed by an 8-12 week outpatient treatment period, depending on patients' recovery rate...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079246/is-total-lymphocyte-count-related-to-nutritional-markers-in-hospitalized-older-adults
#13
Vânia Aparecida Leandro-Merhi, Vitória Negri Bráz, José Luis Braga de Aquino
BACKGROUND: - Older patients are commonly malnourished during hospital stay, and a high prevalence of malnutrition is found in hospitalized patients aged more than 65 years. OBJECTIVE: - To investigate whether total lymphocyte count is related to other nutritional markers in hospitalized older adults. METHODS: - Hospitalized older adults (N=131) were recruited for a cross-sectional study. Their nutritional status was assessed by the Nutritional Risk Screening (NRS), anthropometry, and total lymphocyte count...
January 2017: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077159/concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-combined-with-enteral-nutrition-support-a-radical-treatment-strategy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-patients-with-malignant-fistulae
#14
Li Ma, Guang-Yu Luo, Yu-Feng Ren, Bo Qiu, Hong Yang, Chun-Xia Xie, Song-Ran Liu, Shi-Liang Liu, Zhao-Lin Chen, Qun Li, Jian-Hua Fu, Meng-Zhong Liu, Yong-Hong Hu, Wen-Feng Ye, Hui Liu
BACKGROUND: Concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) significantly increases the survival rate of esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) patients with malignant fistulae. Recent clinical evidence has shown the benefits of enteral nutrition for malnourished cancer patients. In this study, we aimed to validate that, with the support of enteral nutrition, ESCC patients who develop malignant fistulae might be able to complete CCRT and achieve long-term survival. METHODS: We reviewed the medical records of 652 patients with ESCC who received definitive CCRT at Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center between January 2010 and December 2012...
January 11, 2017: Chinese Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070675/-refeeding-syndrome-in-geriatric-patients-a-frequently-overlooked-complication
#15
Rainer Wirth, Rebecca Diekmann, Olga Fleiter, Leonhardt Fricke, Annika Kreilkamp, Mirja Katrin Modreker, Christian Marburger, Stefan Nels, Rolf Schaefer, Heinz-Peter Willschrei, Dorothee Volkert
The refeeding syndrome is a life-threatening complication that can occur after initiation of a nutrition therapy in malnourished patients. If the risk factors and pathophysiology are known, the refeeding syndrome can effectively be prevented and treated, if recognized early. A slow increase of food intake and the close monitoring of serum electrolyte levels play an important role. Because the refeeding syndrome is not well known and the symptoms may vary extremely, this complication is poorly recognized, especially against the background of geriatric multimorbidity...
January 9, 2017: Zeitschrift Für Gerontologie und Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063277/straightforward-method-for-coverage-of-major-vessels-after-modified-radical-neck-dissection
#16
Raúl González-García, Carlos Moreno-García, Manuel Moreno-Sánchez, Leticia Román-Romero
A new method for covering the internal jugular vein and carotid artery after exposure of the cervical vascular axis subsequent to neck dissection is presented. To cover the most caudal part of the vascular axis, a platysma coli muscle flap is harvested from its most medial and inferior part of the neck in a caudally based fashion and is slightly rotated posteriorly up to 45°. In addition, a superiorly based sternocleidomastoid muscle flap involving the posterior half of the muscle after detachment of the clavicle head is harvested and rotated 45° anteriorly to cover the upper two thirds of the vascular axis...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053918/pulmonary-localization-of-mansonella-perstans-in-a-16-months-old-male-patient-in-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-bukavu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#17
Landry Kabego, Joe Bwija Kasengi, Patrick Mirindi, Vurayai Ruhanya, David Lupande, André Bulabula, Patrick Ngoma
INTRODUCTION: Mansonella perstans is a human filarial parasite transmitted by biting midges (Diptera: Ceratopogonidae) belonging to the genus Culicoides and it is widely spread in sub-Saharan Africa. While most cases are asymptomatic, mansonelliasis can be associated with angioedema, arthralgia, swellings, pain in the scrotum or in serous cavities such as the pleura, the peritoneum, the pericardium, etc. Mansonelliasis can be really hard to treat, but it has been shown that an intensive treatment using albendazole can clear the parasite...
December 2016: Germs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053703/rubeoparvulum-massiliense-gen-nov-sp-nov-a-new-bacterial-genus-isolated-from-the-human-gut-of-a-senegalese-infant-with-severe-acute-malnutrition
#18
M Tidjani Alou, J Rathored, J-C Lagier, S Khelaifia, C Michelle, C Sokhna, A Diallo, A B Diallo, P-E Fournier, D Raoult, S Edouard
Rubeoparvulum massiliense strain mt6(T) was isolated from the gut microbiota of a severely malnourished boy from Senegal and consisted of facultative anaerobic, spore-forming, nonmotile and Gram-negative rods. R. massiliense showed a 92% similarity with the 16S rRNA of Bacillus mannanilyticus. The genome of strain mt6(T) is 2 843 796 bp long with a 43.75% G+C content. It contains 2735 protein-coding genes and 76 RNA genes, among which are nine rRNA genes.
January 2017: New Microbes and New Infections
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053702/outcomes-of-an-inpatient-refeeding-protocol-in-youth-with-anorexia-nervosa-rady-children-s-hospital-san-diego-university-of-california-san-diego
#19
Tamara R Maginot, Maya M Kumar, Jacqueline Shiels, Walter Kaye, Kyung E Rhee
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for nutritional rehabilitation in hospitalized restrictive eating disorder patients recommend a cautious approach to refeeding. Several studies suggest that higher calorie diets may be safe and effective, but have traditionally excluded severely malnourished patients. The goal of this study was to evaluate the safety of a higher calorie nutritional rehabilitation protocol (NRP) in a broad sample of inpatients with restrictive eating disorders, including those who were severely malnourished...
2017: Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052754/the-burden-of-major-adverse-cardiac-events-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#20
I-Ting Tsai, Chao-Ping Wang, Yung-Chuan Lu, Wei-Chin Hung, Cheng-Ching Wu, Li-Fen Lu, Fu-Mei Chung, Chia-Chang Hsu, Yau-Jiunn Lee, Teng-Hung Yu
BACKGROUND: Patients with a history of cardiovascular disease are at high risk of developing secondary major adverse cardiac events (MACE). This study aimed to identify independent predictors of MACE after hospital admission which could be used to identify of high-risk patients who may benefit from preventive strategies. METHODS: This study included 1,520 consecutive patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) (654 with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and 866 with elective percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) patients) who received PCI and/or stenting...
January 4, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
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