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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044336/the-impact-of-body-mass-index-bmi-variation-on-mortality-of-incident-elderly-patients-on-peritoneal-dialysis-a-joint-model-analysis
#1
Marcia Regina Gianotti Franco, Fernando Antonio Basile Colugnati, Abdul Rashid Qureshi, José Carolino Divino-Filho, Natália Maria Da Silva Fernandes
INTRODUCTION: Data on impact of high body mass index (BMI) on mortality of patients on peritoneal dialysis (PD), especially among elderly, are inconsistent. Objective: To evaluate impact of BMI on cohort of incident elderly PD patients over time. METHODS: Prospective multicenter cohort study (December / 2004-October/2007) with 674 patients. Socio-demographic and clinical data evaluated with patients followed until death, transfer to hemodialysis (HD), recovery of renal function, loss of follow-up or transplant...
July 2017: Jornal Brasileiro de Nefrologia: ʹorgão Oficial de Sociedades Brasileira e Latino-Americana de Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042762/assessing-the-nutritional-status-of-hospitalized-elderly
#2
REVIEW
Nur Adilah Shuhada Abd Aziz, Nur Islami Mohd Fahmi Teng, Mohd Ramadan Abdul Hamid, Nazrul Hadi Ismail
PURPOSE: The increasing number of elderly people worldwide throughout the years is concerning due to the health problems often faced by this population. This review aims to summarize the nutritional status among hospitalized elderly and the role of the nutritional assessment tools in this issue. METHODS: A literature search was performed on six databases using the terms "malnutrition", "hospitalised elderly", "nutritional assessment", "Mini Nutritional Assessment (MNA)", "Geriatric Nutrition Risk Index (GNRI)", and "Subjective Global Assessment (SGA)"...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036032/a-physiological-profile-of-ovarian-cancer-survivors-to-inform-tailored-exercise-interventions-and-the-development-of-exercise-oncology-guidelines
#3
Christelle Schofield, Robert U Newton, Daniel A Galvão, Paul A Cohen, Carolyn J Peddle-McIntyre
OBJECTIVE: Physical activity has become increasingly important in supportive cancer care. However, physical activity and exercise guidelines for ovarian cancer survivors remain generic. The aim of this narrative review is to summarize existing data regarding the physiological characteristics (treatment-related adverse effects, concurrent comorbidities, body weight and composition, physical fitness and function, and physical activity behavior) of ovarian cancer survivors to further understanding of their cancer-specific physical activity and exercise needs...
September 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035331/nutritional-needs-and-support-for-children-with-chronic-liver-disease
#4
REVIEW
Christine H Yang, Brandon J Perumpail, Eric R Yoo, Aijaz Ahmed, John A Kerner
Malnutrition has become a dangerously common problem in children with chronic liver disease, negatively impacting neurocognitive development and growth. Furthermore, many children with chronic liver disease will eventually require liver transplantation. Thus, this association between malnourishment and chronic liver disease in children becomes increasingly alarming as malnutrition is a predictor of poorer outcomes in liver transplantation and is often associated with increased morbidity and mortality. Malnutrition requires aggressive and appropriate management to correct nutritional deficiencies...
October 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035319/nutritional-therapy-in-liver-transplantation
#5
REVIEW
Ahmed Hammad, Toshimi Kaido, Vusal Aliyev, Claudia Mandato, Shinji Uemoto
Protein-energy malnourishment is commonly encountered in patients with end-stage liver disease who undergo liver transplantation. Malnutrition may further increase morbidity, mortality and costs in the post-transplantation setting. The importance of carefully assessing the nutritional status during the work-up of patients who are candidates for liver replacement is widely recognized. The metabolic abnormalities induced by liver failure render the conventional assessment of nutritional status to be challenging...
October 16, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030310/dysphagia-in-nursing-homes-results-from-the-nutritionday-project
#6
Melanie Streicher, Rainer Wirth, Karin Schindler, Cornel Christian Sieber, Michael Hiesmayr, Dorothee Volkert
OBJECTIVES: Dysphagia is a major healthcare problem as it increases the risk of malnutrition, dehydration, aspiration pneumonia, and death. The aims of this analysis of data from nursing homes (NHs) worldwide were to examine prevalence rates of dysphagia, to identify characteristics of residents with dysphagia, and to describe which type of nutrition residents with dysphagia receive. DESIGN: One-day cross-sectional study, repeated in yearly intervals since 2007...
October 10, 2017: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027342/study-on-nutritional-monitoring-of-persian-malnourished-school-students-a-check-on-reproducibility-and-validity-of-questionnaire
#7
Mahkameh Ashourpour, Mohammad-Hossein Kaveh, Musa Salehi, Hamid-Reza Tabatabaee, Maryam Taghdir
AIM: To develop a nutritional screening tool and examine its reliability and validity in elementary school children with malnutrition based on PRECEDE-PROCEED model, in Shiraz, Iran. METHODS: A questionnaire was designed and its reproducibility was analysed via test-retest design among students with malnutrition. The students were in the fourth to sixth grades. Validity was assessed using face validity, content validity, construct validity, item difficulty and item discrimination...
October 13, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024949/nutritional-optimization-during-neoadjuvant-therapy-prior-to-surgical-resection-of-esophageal-cancer-a-narrative-review
#8
Jeremy R Huddy, Fiona M S Huddy, Sheraz R Markar, Olga Tucker
This narrative review aims to evaluate the evidence for the different nutritional approaches employed during neoadjuvant therapy in patients with loco-regional esophageal cancer. Patients with esophageal cancer are often malnourished and difficult to optimise nutritionally. Whilst evidence suggests neoadjuvant therapy can offer a survival advantage, associated toxicity can exacerbate poor nutritional status. There is currently no accepted standard of care regarding optimal nutritional approach.A systematic literature search was undertaken...
August 30, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024381/an-integrated-community-based-outpatient-therapeutic-feeding-programme-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-rural-southern-ethiopia-recovery-fatality-and-nutritional-status-after-discharge
#9
Elazar Tadesse, Amare Worku, Yemane Berhane, Eva-Charlotte Ekström
A scaled up and integrated outpatient therapeutic feeding programme (OTP) brings the treatment of severely malnourished children closer to the community. This study assessed recovery from severe acute malnutrition (SAM), fatality, and acute malnutrition up to 14 weeks after admission to a programme integrated in the primary health care system. In this cohort study, 1,048 children admitted to 94 OTPs in Southern Ethiopia were followed for 14 weeks. Independent anthropometric measurements and information on treatment outcome were collected at four home visits...
October 10, 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019578/nutritional-assessment-methods-as-predictors-of-postoperative-mortality-in-gastric-cancer-patients-submitted-to-gastrectomy
#10
Aline Kirjner Poziomyck, Leandro Totti Cavazzola, Luisa Jussara Coelho, Edson Braga Lameu, Antonio Carlos Weston, Luis Fernando Moreira
OBJECTIVES: to determine the nutritional evaluation method that best predicts mortality in 90 days of patients submitted to gastrectomy for gastric cancer. METHODS: we conducted a prospective study with 44 patients with gastric cancer, stages II to IIIa, of whom nine were submitted to partial gastrectomy, 34 to total gastrectomy, and one to esophago-gastrectomy. All patients were nutritionally evaluated through the same protocol, up to 72h after hospital admission...
September 2017: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991881/scaling-up-pediatric-hiv-testing-by-incorporating-provider-initiated-hiv-testing-into-all-child-health-services-in-hurungwe-district-zimbabwe
#11
Reuben Musarandega, Blessing Mutede, Agnes Mahomva, Wenceslas Nyamayaro, Angela Mushavi, Christina Lindan, Rhoderick Machekano
BACKGROUND: Practical ways are needed to scale-up pediatric HIV testing in sub-Saharan Africa, where testing is usually limited to HIV-exposed children in maternal and child health clinics. METHODS: We implemented an enhanced pediatric HIV testing program in 33 health facilities in Zimbabwe by integrating HIV testing into all pediatric health services. We collected individual data on children tested by having healthcare workers complete a program-specific child health booklet...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes: JAIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991838/the-relation-between-malnutrition-and-the-exocrine-pancreas-a-systematic-review
#12
Rosalie H Bartels, Deborah A van den Brink, Robert H Bandsma, Michael Boele van Hensbroek, Merit M Tabbers, Wieger P Voskuijl
OBJECTIVE: The relation between malnutrition and exocrine pancreatic insufficiency (EPI) has been described previously, but it is unclear if malnutrition leads to EPI or vice versa. We systematically synthesized current evidence evaluating the association between malnutrition and EPI in children. METHODS: Pubmed, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched from inception until February 2017. We included cohort or case- controlled studies in children reporting on prevalence or incidence of EPI and malnutrition...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979017/bcg-induced-disseminated-mycobacterial-infection-of-skin-and-bone-in-an-otherwise-immunocompetent-child
#13
Abhishek De, Sumantra Sarkar, Nidhi Sharma, Asad Ansari, Abu Hena Hasanoor Reja, Aarti Sarda
One 2-year-old undernourished girl presented to our outpatient with large erythematous scaly plaques in arm along with multiple bony swellings over nose, fingers, left foot, and back for the past 1 year. Apart from skin and bone lesions the girl was also had intermittent fever, pallor, irritability, and malnourishment. Her parents gave a history of incomplete healing at the BCG vaccination site. The case was diagnosed to be case of disseminated mycobacterial infection skin and bone with the help of histopathology, radiological examination, and DNA polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977299/saccharomyces-cerevisiae-fungemia-in-a-pediatric-patient-after-treatment-with-probiotics
#14
Mariá Ribas Romanio, Ligia Augusto Coraine, Vinicius Pignoti Maielo, Marcelo Luiz Abramczyc, Renato Lopes de Souza, Nilton Ferraro Oliveira
OBJECTIVE: To report the case of a one-year-old patient with a bloodstream infection associated with probiotics, and to discuss the indications and precautions concerning the therapeutic use of probiotics. CASE DESCRIPTION: A one-year-old male patient with Down syndrome in a late postoperative period of congenital cardiac disease correction. The patient was severely malnourished and had been hospitalized since he was two months old in the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977291/the-nutritional-status-of-hospitalized-children-and-adolescents-a-comparison-between-two-nutritional-assessment-tools-with-anthropometric-parameters
#15
Thaynara Cristina de Oliveira, Izabela Zibetti de Albuquerque, Maria Luiza Ferreira Stringhini, Andrea Sugai Mortoza, Bruna Alves de Morais
OBJECTIVE: Verify the association between anthropometric indicators and the Subjective Global Assessment of Nutritional Status (SGA) and the Screening of Risk for Nutritional Status and Growth (STRONGkids) scales. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with patients from 0 to 18 years admitted in the Hospital das Clínicas, Goiânia (GO), between August and November 2015. Children and adolescents admitted in up to 48 hours were included. Patients who required specific instruments for assessing their nutritional status and those hospitalized in Intensive Care were excluded...
July 2017: Revista Paulista de Pediatria: Orgão Oficial da Sociedade de Pediatria de São Paulo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975010/budget-impact-of-a-comprehensive-nutrition-focused-quality-improvement-program-for-malnourished-hospitalized-patients
#16
Suela Sulo, Josh Feldstein, Jamie Partridge, Bjoern Schwander, Krishnan Sriram, Wm Thomas Summerfelt
BACKGROUND: Nutrition interventions can alleviate the burden of malnutrition by improving patient outcomes; however, evidence on the economic impact of medical nutrition intervention remains limited. A previously published nutrition-focused quality improvement program targeting malnourished hospitalized patients showed that screening patients with a validated screening tool at admission, rapidly administering oral nutritional supplements, and educating patients on supplement adherence result in significant reductions in 30-day unplanned readmissions and hospital length of stay...
July 2017: American Health & Drug Benefits
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972236/survival-in-malnourished-older-patients-receiving-post-discharge-nutritional-support-long-term-results-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
F Neelemaat, S van Keeken, J A E Langius, M A E de van der Schueren, A Thijs, J E Bosmans
BACKGROUND: Previous analyses have shown that a post-discharge individualized nutritional intervention had positive effects on body weight, lean body mass, functional limitations and fall incidents in malnourished older patients. However, the impact of this intervention on survival has not yet been studied. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this randomized controlled study was to examine the effect of a post-discharge individualized nutritional intervention on survival in malnourished older patients...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969866/oral-nutritional-support-with-or-without-exercise-in-the-management-of-malnutrition-in-nutritionally-vulnerable-older-people-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#18
Jessie Wright, Christine Baldwin
BACKGROUND: Physical functioning declines with advancing age and compounds malnutrition, common in elderly populations. A dual-intervention combining oral nutritional support and exercise may delay these changes. Our aims were to assess whether exercise combined with oral nutritional support (ONS) has greater improvements on physical functioning, quality of life and nutritional status than nutrition intervention alone in nutritionally vulnerable older adults. METHODS: Three electronic databases were searched for randomised controlled trials of older adults judged to be: sarcopenic, cachexic, frail, malnourished, and/or at risk of malnutrition, receiving ONS and exercise compared to nutrition intervention alone...
September 9, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964721/malnutrition-inflamation-and-atherosclerosis-mia-syndrome-in-patients-with-end-stage-renal-disease-on-maintenance-hemodialysis-a-single-centre-experience
#19
Ali Abdulmajid Dyab Allawi
BACKGROUND: Inflammation and malnutrition play an important role in endothelial dysfunction, atherosclerosis and excessive cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in ESRD patients AIM OF THE STUDY: The primary objective is to determine the prevalence of inflammation, malnutrition and atherosclerosis in patients on maintenance haemodialysis. Secondary objective was to determine the association for atherosclerosis with inflammation and malnutrition. PATIENT AND METHODS: One hundred and one adult patients with end stage renal disease on maintenance haemodialysis who are met with the exclusion criteria were enrolled in this cross sectional study from haemodialysis unit of Baghdad teaching hospital over the period of July/2015 - June 2016...
September 21, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964653/a-case-report-of-vibrio-furnissii-bacteremia-and-cellulitis-in-a-malnourished-patient-without-an-apparent-site-of-entry
#20
Takehiro Hashimoto, Saho Takaya, Satoshi Kutsuna, Kayoko Hayakawa, Daisuke Shiojiri, Yuichi Katanami, Kei Yamamoto, Nozomi Takeshita, Norio Ohmagari
We herein report a case of Vibrio furnissii bacteremia with bilateral lower limb cellulitis. A 53-year-old Japanese man with a mood disorder presented to our hospital with fever and a complaint of an inability to walk. Two sets of blood cultures became positive for V. furnissii. The treatment regimen was modified to ceftazidime and doxycycline. The patient recovered without relapse. Despite thorough examinations, portal of entry of V. furnissii remained unclear. Although the bacteria was first misidentified as V...
September 27, 2017: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
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