keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Practice Based Evidence

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055262/emergency-residential-care-settings-a-model-for-service-assessment-and-design
#1
João Graça, Maria Manuela Calheiros, Joana Nunes Patrício, Eunice Vieira Magalhães
There have been calls for uncovering the "black box" of residential care services, with a particular need for research focusing on emergency care settings for children and youth in danger. In fact, the strikingly scant empirical attention that these settings have received so far contrasts with the role that they often play as gateway into the child welfare system. To answer these calls, this work presents and tests a framework for assessing a service model in residential emergency care. It comprises seven studies which address a set of different focal areas (e...
October 12, 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055177/pesticide-management-approach-towards-protecting-the-safety-and-health-of-farmers-in-southeast-asia
#2
REVIEW
Norsyazwani Mohammad, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Vivien How, Sarva Mangala Praveena, Zailina Hashim
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that pesticide production and use have increased continuously in the countries of Southeast Asia in recent years. Within the context of protecting the safety and health of workers in the agricultural sector, there is an existing gap in the implementation of the pesticide management framework because safety and health effects arising from occupational exposures continue to be reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide narrative similarities, differences and weaknesses of the existing pesticide management system in Southeast Asian countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) within the context of occupational safety and health...
October 21, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055132/gram-negative-bacterial-toe-web-infection-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Till Weidner, Jörg Tittelbach, Tanja Illing, Peter Elsner
Gram-negative bacterial toe web infection (GNBTWI) is a frequent therapeutic challenge in clinical practice with high recurrence rates and frequent need of systemic drugs. The aim of this systematic review was to provide an updated overview and evidence-based data on pathogens, risk-factors and treatment of GNBTWI along with promoting a consistent international terminology. This systematic review is based on a search in PubMed database for English and German articles published between 1980 and 2016. A total of 7 articles were considered appropriate for inclusion in this review regarding to treatment and outcome...
October 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054690/removable-rigid-dressings-for-postoperative-management-of-transtibial-amputations-a-review-of-published-evidence
#4
REVIEW
James P Reichmann, Phillip M Stevens, John Rheinstein, Christopher D Kreulen
Forty years of clinical experience and peer reviewed research studies support the use of non-weight bearing removable rigid dressings (RRD) as an effective means of post-operative management of transtibial amputations. We reviewed the published medical evidence regarding the use of RRDs as a postoperative management strategy, culminating in an evidence-based practice recommendation. Published peer reviewed literature on the topic was searched and classified by level of evidence based on the research design utilizing the scale recommended by the PM&R Journal (level I through V)...
October 17, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054400/barriers-to-delirium-assessment-in-the-intensive-care-unit-a-literature-review
#5
REVIEW
Gabby Rowley-Conwy
BACKGROUND: Delirium is a common syndrome that has both short and long-term negative outcomes for critically ill patients. Many studies over several years have found a knowledge gap and lack of evidence-based practice from critical care personnel, but there has been little exploration of the reasons for this. AIM: To identify the perceived barriers to delirium assessment and management among critical care nurses. METHOD: A literature review of published studies to examine barriers to effective delirium assessment using a comprehensive search strategy...
October 17, 2017: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054357/stem-cells-and-heart-disease-brake-or-accelerator
#6
Gustav Steinhoff, Julia Nesteruk, Markus Wolfien, Jana Große, Ulrike Ruch, Praveen Vasudevan, Paula Müller
After two decades of intensive research and attempts of clinical translation, stem cell based therapies for cardiac diseases are not getting closer to clinical success. This review tries to unravel the obstacles and focuses on underlying mechanisms as the target for regenerative therapies. At present, the principal outcome in clinical therapy does not reflect experimental evidence. It seems that the scientific obstacle is a lack of integration of knowledge from tissue repair and disease mechanisms. Recent insights from clinical trials delineate mechanisms of stem cell dysfunction and gene defects in repair mechanisms as cause of atherosclerosis and heart disease...
October 17, 2017: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054291/neuroscience-informed-psychoeducation-for-addiction-medicine-a-neurocognitive-perspective
#7
Hamed Ekhtiari, Tara Rezapour, Robin L Aupperle, Martin P Paulus
Psychoeducation (PE) is defined as an intervention with systematic, structured, and didactic knowledge transfer for an illness and its treatment, integrating emotional and motivational aspects to enable patients to cope with the illness and to improve its treatment adherence and efficacy. PE is considered an important component of treatment in both medical and psychiatric disorders, especially for mental health disorders associated with lack of insight, such as alcohol and substance use disorders (ASUDs). New advancements in neuroscience have shed light on how various aspects of ASUDs may relate to neural processes...
2017: Progress in Brain Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053736/assessment-of-fitness-for-duty-of-underperforming-physicians-the-importance-of-using-appropriate-norms
#8
Betsy White Williams, Philip Flanders, Elizabeth S Grace, Elizabeth Korinek, Dillon Welindt, Michael V Williams
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether population-specific normative data should be employed when screening neurocognitive functioning as part of physician fitness for duty evaluations. If so, to provide such norms based on the evidence currently available. METHODS: A comparison of published data from four sources was analyzed. Data from the two physician samples were then entered into a meta-analysis to obtain full information estimates and generate provisional norms for physicians...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053504/anesthesia-and-analgesia-practice-pathway-options-for-total-knee-arthroplasty-an-evidence-based-review-by-the-american-and-european-societies-of-regional-anesthesia-and-pain-medicine
#9
Sandra L Kopp, Jens Børglum, Asokumar Buvanendran, Terese T Horlocker, Brian M Ilfeld, Stavros G Memtsoudis, Joseph M Neal, Narinder Rawal, Jessica T Wegener
In 2014, the American Society of Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine in collaboration with the European Society of Regional Anaesthesia and Pain Therapy convened a group of experts to compare pathways for anesthetic and analgesic management for patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty in North America and Europe and to develop a practice pathway. This review is intended to be an analysis of the current literature to assist individuals and institutions in designing a pathway for total knee arthroplasty that is based on existing evidence and expert recommendation and may be customized according to individual settings...
November 2017: Regional Anesthesia and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053134/-conversion-ratio-between-different-botulinum-neuroprotein-product-in-neurological-practice
#10
O R Orlova, S L Timerbaeva, S E Khatkova, E V Kostenko, D A Krasavina, D V Zakharov
Despite nearly 30 years of experience in the application of botulinum toxin type A (BTA) in clinical practice, many fundamental questions of therapy remain valid. There are 5 botulinum toxin type A used for neurological indications in the Russian Federation in 2017. They contain different number of active neuroprotein (150 kDa) in a therapeutic dose of the drug that may have a potential impact on the efficacy and duration of action. The current SmPC of each BTA stated that the unit of activity is unique and can not be compared with any other BTA...
2017: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29053043/entropion-and-ectropion-repair-a-snapshot-of-surgical-practice-in-the-united-kingdom
#11
Katherine Anne Mcveigh, Rhys Harrison, Rebecca Ford
We aim to provide a snapshot of the current surgical practice for correction of entropion and ectropion, the two most common oculoplastic procedures carried out in the UK, by surveying 135 consultant oculoplastic surgeons via the tool Survey Monkey. Forty-seven (35%) consultants responded. For entropion, 44% of surgeons opted for lateral tarsal strip (LTS) + everting sutures (ES). Other first-line choices included LTS + transcutaneous retractor plication (21%), Quickert's procedure (14%), ES (7%), and Wies procedure (5%)...
October 20, 2017: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052956/meta-analysis-of-full-roc-curves-using-bivariate-time-to-event-models-for-interval-censored-data
#12
Annika Hoyer, Stefan Hirt, Oliver Kuss
Systematic reviews and meta-analyses are the cornerstones of evidence based medicine and inform treatment, diagnosis, or prevention of individual patients as well as policy decisions in health care. Statistical methods for the meta-analysis of intervention studies are well established today. Meta-analysis for diagnostic accuracy trials has also been a vivid research area in recent years which is especially due to the increased complexity of their bivariate outcome of sensitivity and specificity. The situation is even more challenging when single studies report a full ROC curve with several pairs of sensitivity and specificity, each pair for a different threshold...
October 20, 2017: Research Synthesis Methods
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052946/hierarchical-evaluation-of-electrical-stimulation-protocols-for-chronic-wound-healing-an-effect-size-meta-analysis
#13
Charles Khouri, Sylvain Kotzki, Matthieu Roustit, Sophie Blaise, Francois Gueyffier, Jena-Luc Cracowski
Electrical stimulation (ES) has been tested for decades to improve chronic wound healing. However, uncertainty remains on the magnitude of the efficacy and on the best applicable protocol. We conducted an effect size meta-analysis to assess the overall efficacy of ES on wound healing, to compare the efficacy of the different modalities of electrical stimulation, and to determine whether efficacy differs depending on the wound etiology, size and age of the chronic wound. Twenty-nine randomized clinical trials with 1510 patients and 1753 ulcers were selected...
October 20, 2017: Wound Repair and Regeneration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052662/evaluation-of-online-learning-modules-for-improving-physical-activity-counseling-skills-practices-and-knowledge-of-oncology-nurses
#14
Kristina H Karvinen, Lynda Balneaves, Kerry S Courneya, Beth Perry, Tracy Truant, Jeff Vallance
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of online learning modules for improving physical activity counseling practices among oncology nurses. 
. DESIGN: Randomized, controlled trial.
. SETTING: Online.
. SAMPLE: 54 oncology nurses.
. METHODS: Oncology nurses were randomly assigned to the learning modules group or control group. The learning modules group completed six online learning modules and quizzes focused on physical activity for cancer survivors, general physical activity principles, and motivational interviewing...
November 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052289/exploring-implementation-of-the-careful-nursing-philosophy-and-professional-practice-model-%C3%A2-in-hospital-based-practice
#15
Sinéad Murphy, Raphael Mc Mullin, Sinéad Brennan, Therese Connell Meehan
AIM: To explore the effectiveness and feasibility of implementing the two clinical dimensions of the Careful Nursing Philosophy and Professional Practice Model(©) (Careful Nursing) in an acute care hospital. BACKGROUND: Implementation of a professional practice model by nurses in hospitals supports nurses' control over their practice and enhances the quality of their contribution to patient care. Implementing such change is complex and initially best approached on a small scale...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052287/i-m-not-sure-i-m-a-nurse-a-hermeneutic-phenomenological-study-of-nursing-home-nurses-work-identity
#16
Juliana Thompson, Glenda Cook, Robbie Duschinsky
AIMS: To explore nursing home nurses' experiences and views of work identity. BACKGROUND: Nursing home nurses are in a unique position as they work at the interface of health and social care. Little is known about nursing home nurses' perceptions and experiences of working within this context. Evidence suggests that using the concept of work identity can support understanding of how workers make sense of their work. DESIGN: Hermeneutic phenomenological study...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052272/ethical-issues-in-palliative-care-for-nursing-homes-development-and-testing-of-a-survey-instrument
#17
Deborah H L Preshaw, Dorry Mclaughlin, Kevin Brazil
AIM: To develop and psychometrically assess a survey instrument identifying ethical issues during palliative care provision in nursing homes. BACKGROUND: Registered nurses (RNs) and healthcare assistants (HCAs) have reported ethical issues in everyday palliative care provision. Identifying these issues provides evidence to inform practice development to support healthcare workers. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey of RNs and HCAs in nursing homes in one region of the United Kingdom (UK) METHOD: A survey instrument, "Ethical issues in Palliative Care for Nursing homes," (EPiCNH) was developed through the findings of qualitative interviews with RNs and HCAs in nursing homes and a literature review...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052162/international-regulations-and-recommendations-for-utility-data-for-health-technology-assessment
#18
REVIEW
Donna Rowen, Ismail Azzabi Zouraq, Helene Chevrou-Severac, Ben van Hout
Recommendations and guidelines for the collection, generation, source and usage of utility data for health technology assessment (HTA) vary across different countries, with no international consensus. Many international agencies generate their own guidelines providing details on their preferred methods for HTA submissions, and there is variability in both what they recommend and the clarity and amount of detail provided in their guidelines. This article provides an overview of international regulations and recommendations for utility data in HTA for a selection of key HTA countries: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the Netherlands, Spain (Catalonia), Sweden and the UK (England/Wales and Scotland)...
October 19, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052160/the-use-of-mapping-to-estimate-health-state-utility-values
#19
REVIEW
Roberta Ara, Donna Rowen, Clara Mukuria
Mapping functions are estimated using regression analyses and are frequently used to predict health state utility values (HSUVs) in decision analytic models. Mapping functions are used when evidence on the required preference-based measure (PBM) is not available, or where modelled values are required for a decision analytic model, for example to control for important sociodemographic variables (such as age or gender). This article provides an overview of the latest recommendations including pre-mapping considerations, the mapping process including data requirements for undertaking the estimation of mapping functions, regression models for estimating mapping functions, assessing performance and reporting standards for mapping studies...
October 19, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052158/estimating-health-state-utility-values-for-comorbidities
#20
REVIEW
Roberta Ara, John Brazier
A comorbidity is defined as the presence of at least one additional health condition co-occurring with a primary health condition. Decision analytic models in healthcare depict the typical clinical pathway of patients in general clinical practice and frequently include health states defined to represent comorbidities such as sequelae or adverse events. Health state utility values (HSUVs) are often not available for these and analysts generally estimate them. This article provides a summary of the methodological literature on estimating methods frequently used together with worked examples...
October 19, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
keyword
keyword
99416
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"