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Practice Based Evidence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668024/nutrition-considerations-after-nicu-discharge
#1
Taylor Peters, Cecelia Pompeii-Wolfe
Preterm infants are at high nutrition risk during neonatal intensive care and well after discharge. Nutrition care should be individualized and provided by a multidisciplinary team including a dietitian. Breast milk, the gold standard for feeding, may not meet the increased needs of preterm infants and may require fortification or supplementation. Decisions regarding formula choice and calorie concentration can also be challenging and require individualization based on growth, intake, and individual need. Developmental milestones should be considered during the initation of complementary food...
April 1, 2018: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667850/a-survey-of-fellowship-trained-upper-extremity-surgeons-on-treatment-of-lateral-epicondylitis
#2
Steven R Niedermeier, Nisha Crouser, Amy Speeckaert, Kanu S Goyal
BACKGROUND: The aim of the study is to investigate current management strategies for lateral epicondylitis by fellowship-trained upper extremity surgeons. METHODS: A 17-question survey of treatment approaches and outcomes related to lateral epicondylitis was sent to 3354 surgeons using the American Society for Surgery of the Hand and American Shoulder and Elbow Surgeons member databases. RESULTS: Six hundred twelve upper extremity surgeons completed the survey...
April 1, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667713/farm-safety-time-to-act
#3
Tony Lower, John Temperley
ISSUES ADDRESSED: Agriculture is recognised as a highly dangerous sector worldwide, hence the use of evidence-based solutions to address injury related incidents are critical to prevention. The main of this paper is to determine the potential for prevention by use of existing controls based on deaths data from 2001-2016. METHODS: This study assesses data from the National Coroner's Information System for the period 2001-2016 in regards to unintentional farm injury deaths in Australia (n = 1,271)...
April 18, 2018: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667637/-the-expert-characteristic-of-the-forensic-medical-documentation-for-the-purpose-of-investigations-of-the-injuries-to-the-maxillofacial-region
#4
V L Popov, M O Yagmurov, E L Troshin
The injuries to the maxillofacial region (MFR) are among the most frequently occurring problems encountered if the forensic medical practice. The objective of the present study was the analysis of the quality of the medical record documentation of the victims of the injuries to the maxillofacial region for obtaining the information necessary for forensic medical experts to make the well-founded conclusions. We undertook the in-depth analysis of random samples from the materials stored in the archive of living subjects at the Saint-Petersburg Bureau of forensic medical expertise for the period from 2010 to 2014...
2018: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667126/treatment-of-submassive-and-massive-pulmonary-embolism-a-clinical-practice-survey-from-the-second-annual-meeting-of-the-pulmonary-embolism-response-team-consortium
#5
Thomas M Todoran, Jay Giri, Geoffrey D Barnes, Rachel P Rosovsky, Yuchiao Chang, Michael R Jaff, Kenneth Rosenfield, Christopher Kabrhel
There is a paucity of robust clinical trial data to guide the treatment of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) thus the clinical guidelines rely heavily on expert opinion. Pulmonary Embolism Response Teams (PERT) have been developed to streamline the care of patients with acute PE. We conducted a survey among 100 experts in the field of PE during the second annual meeting of the PERT Consortium. Respondents were queried with respect to their demographic information, clinical practice questions and clinical vignettes...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666318/economics-and-policy-driven-organic-carbon-input-enhancement-dominates-soil-organic-carbon-accumulation-in-chinese-croplands
#6
Yongcun Zhao, Meiyan Wang, Shuijin Hu, Xudong Zhang, Zhu Ouyang, Ganlin Zhang, Biao Huang, Shiwei Zhao, Jinshui Wu, Deti Xie, Bo Zhu, Dongsheng Yu, Xianzhang Pan, Shengxiang Xu, Xuezheng Shi
China's croplands have experienced drastic changes in management practices, such as fertilization, tillage, and residue treatments, since the 1980s. There is an ongoing debate about the impact of these changes on soil organic carbon (SOC) and its implications. Here we report results from an extensive study that provided direct evidence of cropland SOC sequestration in China. Based on the soil sampling locations recorded by the Second National Soil Survey of China in 1980, we collected 4,060 soil samples in 2011 from 58 counties that represent the typical cropping systems across China...
April 17, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666134/adoption-of-a-novel-surgical-innovation-into-clinical-practice-protocol-for-a-qualitative-systematic-review-examining-surgeon-views
#7
Thomas L Lewis, Hugh N Furness, George W Miller, Nicholas Parsons, Kate Seers, Martin Underwood, Andrew J Metcalfe
INTRODUCTION: Efficient adoption of clinically effective novel surgical innovations has great potential benefits for patients. Factors affecting the adoption of surgical innovation are not well understood and proposed models of adoption do not accurately correlate with historical evidence. This protocol is for a systematic review that aims to identify the qualitative evidence relating to surgeon views regarding the adoption of novel surgical innovation into clinical practice. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidance will be performed...
April 17, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666042/relationship-between-evidence-requirements-user-expectations-and-actual-experiences-usability-evaluation-of-the-twazon-arabic-weight-loss-app
#8
Aroub Alnasser, Janet Kyle, Abdulrahman Alkhalifah, Debbi Marais
BACKGROUND: Saudi Arabia has faced a steady growth in the prevalence of obesity. The concurrent and ubiquitous use of mobile technology, such as smartphones and apps, provides an opportunity for the implementation of mHealth technology, a method for delivering behavioral interventions. Despite their effectiveness in promoting lifestyle and diet modification, culturally adapted weight loss apps and related interventions are lacking in Gulf Cooperation Council countries. OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to identify the relationship between adherence to evidence-informed practices, potential user expectations, and actual user experiences in order to enhance the understanding of the overall usability of the Twazon Arabic weight loss app...
April 17, 2018: JMIR Human Factors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665775/contact-among-healthcare-workers-in-the-hospital-setting-developing-the-evidence-base-for-innovative-approaches-to-infection-control
#9
Krista M English, Joanne M Langley, Allison McGeer, Nathaniel Hupert, Raymond Tellier, Bonnie Henry, Scott A Halperin, Lynn Johnston, Babak Pourbohloul
BACKGROUND: Nosocomial, or healthcare-associated infections (HAI), exact a high medical and financial toll on patients, healthcare workers, caretakers, and the health system. Interpersonal contact patterns play a large role in infectious disease spread, but little is known about the relationship between health care workers' (HCW) movements and contact patterns within a heath care facility and HAI. Quantitatively capturing these patterns will aid in understanding the dynamics of HAI and may lead to more targeted and effective control strategies in the hospital setting...
April 17, 2018: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665405/adherence-to-2016-european-society-of-cardiology-guidelines-predicts-outcome-in-a-large-real-world-population-of-heart-failure-patients-requiring-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-adherence-to-guidelines-predicts-crt-outcome
#10
Giuseppe Stabile, Patrizia Pepi, Pietro Palmisano, Antonio D'Onofrio, Antonio De Simone, Salvatore Ivan Caico, Domenico Pecora, Antonio Rapacciuolo, Giuseppe Arena, Massimiliano Marini, Paolo Pieragnoli, Sandra Badolati, Gianluca Savarese, Gianpiero Maglia, Assunta Iuliano, Giovanni Luca Botto, Maurizio Malacrida, Emanuele Bertaglia
BACKGROUND: Professional guidelines are based on the best available evidence. However, patients treated in clinical practice may differ from those included in reference trials. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in a large population of patients implanted with a CRT device, stratified in accordance with the 2016 European heart failure (HF) guidelines. METHODS: We collected data on 930 consecutive patients from the CRT-MORE registry...
April 14, 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665357/second-trimester-surgical-abortion-practices-in-the-united-states
#11
Katharine O White, Heidi E Jones, Jade Shorter, Wendy V Norman, Edith Guilbert, E Steve Lichtenberg, Maureen Paul
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether second-trimester surgical abortion practices of U.S. providers agree with evidence-based policy guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a cross-sectional survey of abortion facilities in the U.S. identified via publicly available resources and professional networks from June through December 2013. RESULTS: Of 703 identified facilities, 383 (54%) participated including 172 clinicians providing second-trimester surgical abortions (D&Es)...
April 14, 2018: Contraception
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665247/how-do-we-know-if-a-clinical-practice-guideline-is-good-a-response-to-djulbegovic-and-colleagues-use-of-fast-and-frugal-decision-trees-to-improve-clinical-care-strategies
#12
Mathew Mercuri
Clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) and clinical pathways have become important tools for improving the uptake of evidence-based care. Where CPGs are good, adherence to the recommendations within is thought to result in improved patient outcomes. However, the usefulness of such tools for improving patient important outcomes depends both on adherence to the guideline and whether or not the CPG in question is good. This begs the question of what it is that makes a CPG good? In this issue of the Journal, Djulbegovic and colleagues offer a theory to help guide the development of CPGs...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29665019/evidence-based-medicine-for-every-day-everyone-and-every-therapeutic-study
#13
REVIEW
Raghav Govindarajan, Pushpa Narayanaswami
The rapid growth in published medical literature makes it difficult for clinicians to keep up with advances in their fields. This may result in a cursory scan of the abstracts and conclusions of a study without critically evaluating study quality. The application of Evidence-Based Medicine (EBM) is the process of converting the abstract task of reading the literature into a practical method of using the literature to inform care in a specific clinical context while simultaneously expanding one's knowledge. EBM involves 4 steps: stating the clinical problem in a defined question; searching the literature for the evidence; critically appraising the evidence for its validity and applying the evidence in the context of the patient's situation, preferences and values...
April 17, 2018: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664758/redeveloping-the-jbi-model-of-evidence-based-healthcare
#14
Zoe Jordan, Craig Lockwood, Zachary Munn, Edoardo Aromataris
BACKGROUND: In 2005, Pearson et al. presented a developmental framework of evidence-based practice that sought to situate healthcare evidence and its role and use within the complexity of practice settings globally. A decade later, it was deemed timely to re-examine the Model and its component parts to determine whether they remain relevant and a true and accurate reflection of where the evidence-based movement is today. METHODS: A two-phase process was employed for this project...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Evidence-based Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664739/ce-original-research-exploring-clinicians-perceptions-about-sustaining-an-evidence-based-fall-prevention-program
#15
Rebecca B Porter, Laura Cullen, Michele Farrington, Grace Matthews, Sharon Tucker
Findings from this qualitative study may help improve sustainability. ABSTRACT: Purpose: This study aimed to address the knowledge gap between implementing and sustaining evidencebased fall prevention practices for hospitalized patients by exploring perspectives of the interprofessional health care team. DESIGN: A qualitative design was used to capture insights from clinicians across disciplines in a large midwestern academic medical center. METHODS: Four homogenous semistructured focus groups and three individual interviews involving a total of 20 clinicians were conducted between October 2013 and March 2014...
April 16, 2018: American Journal of Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664602/engineering-persistent-luminescence-nanoparticles-for-biological-applications-from-biosensing-bioimaging-to-theranostics
#16
Shao-Kai Sun, He-Fang Wang, Xiu-Ping Yan
Persistent luminescence nanoparticles (PLNPs) are unique optical materials emitting long-lasting luminescence after ceasing excitation. Such a unique optical feature allows luminescence detection without constant external illumination to avoid the interferences of autofluorescence and scattering light from biological fluids and tissues. Besides, near-infrared (NIR) PLNPs have advantages of deep penetration and the reactivation of the persistent luminescence (PL) by red or NIR light. These features make the application of NIR-emitting PLNPs in long-term bioimaging no longer limited by the lifetime of PL...
April 17, 2018: Accounts of Chemical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664530/-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-smoking-cessation
#17
María Paz Corvalán B, Leonardo Véjar M, Claudia Bambs S, Juana Pavié G, Mónica Zagolin B, Jaime Cerda L
Considering that a high proportion of the Chilean general population smokes, the Chilean Society of Respiratory Diseases in collaboration with the Chilean Societies of Cardiology and, Endocrinology and Diabetes, formed an interdisciplinary group, who issued a set of recommendations for the treatment of the smoker, methodologically advised by experts. These interventions should be prioritized in high-risk groups. Methods The panel elaborated and graded the recommendations following the GRADE methodology. To assess the effect of each intervention, systematic reviews and randomized clinical trials were identified...
November 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664529/-clinical-guidelines-using-the-grade-system-grading-of-recommendations-assessment-development-and-evaluation
#18
Carolina Mendoza, Patricia Kraemer, Paloma Herrera, Pamela Burdiles, Dino Sepúlveda, Eliozka Núñez, Cecilia Muñoz, Ignacio Neumann
The Ministry of Health of Chile, aiming to improve the quality of clinical practice guidelines, gradually incorporated the GRADE system (Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation) to develop evidence based recommendations. This system summarizes and evaluates the certainty of the available evidence. It moves from evidence to decision in a systematic and transparent manner, based on four main dimensions: balance between benefits and harms, certainty of evidence, patient's values and preferences and use of resources...
November 2017: Revista Médica de Chile
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664153/using-the-advocacy-coalition-framework-and-multiple-streams-policy-theories-to-examine-the-role-of-evidence-research-and-other-types-of-knowledge-in-drug-policy
#19
Alison Ritter, Caitlin Elizabeth Hughes, Kari Lancaster, Robert Hoppe
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The prevailing 'evidence-based policy' paradigm emphasizes a technical-rational relationship between alcohol and drug research evidence and subsequent policy action. However, policy process theories do not start with this premise, and hence provide an opportunity to consider anew the ways in which evidence, research and other types of knowledge impact upon policy. This paper presents a case study, the police deployment of drug detection dogs, to highlight how two prominent policy theories [the Advocacy Coalition Framework (ACF) and the Multiple Streams (MS) approach] explicate the relationship between evidence and policy...
April 17, 2018: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664124/a-comparison-of-the-treatment-recommendations-for-neurogenic-lower-urinary-tract-dysfunction-in-the-national-institute-for-health-and-care-excellence-european-association-of-urology-and-international-consultations-on-incontinence-guidelines
#20
Ashley Jaggi, Marcus Drake, Emad Siddiqui, Francis Fatoye
AIMS: Healthcare guidelines are an important vehicle in establishing up-to-date evidence based medicine (EBM) in clinical practice. Due to varying development processes, clinical guidelines created by different institutions can often contain contrasting recommendations. This can have implications for optimal and standardized patient care across management settings. METHODS: The similarities and differences of treatment recommendations made in the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE), The European Association of Urology (EAU), and the International Consultation on Continence (ICI) guidelines for neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) were assessed...
April 17, 2018: Neurourology and Urodynamics
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