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Practice Based Evidence

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829536/pediatric-heat-related-illness-recommendations-for-prevention-and-management-digest
#1
Roberta J Dunn, Tommy Y Kim, Pradip Chaudhari
Infants, children, and adolescents are at increased risk for heat-related illness due to their inability to remove themselves from dangerous environments. Evidence shows that morbidity and mortality from heat illness is related to the length of time core temperature is elevated, so rapid reduction and accurate serial measurements are crucial to prevention of organ system damage and death. The primary methods of patient cooling are conduction (ice-water immersion, cold packs) and convection (moisture and moving air)...
August 22, 2017: Pediatric Emergency Medicine Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829200/pharmacological-treatment-of-trigeminal-neuralgia
#2
Giulia Di Stefano, Andrea Truini
Unique among the different neuropathic pain conditions, trigeminal neuralgia frequently has an excellent response to some selected drugs, which, on the other hand, often entail disabling side effects. Physicians should be therefore acquainted with the management of these drugs and the few alternative options. Areas Covered: This article, based on a systematic literature review, describes the pharmacological options, and indicates the future perspectives for treating trigeminal neuralgia. The article therefore provides current, evidence-based knowledge about the pharmacological treatment of trigeminal neuralgia, and suggests a practical approach to the various drugs, including starting dose, titration and side effects...
August 22, 2017: Expert Review of Neurotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829163/effect-of-dapagliflozin-on-glycemic-control-weight-and-blood-pressure-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-attending-a-specialist-endocrinology-practice-in-canada-a-retrospective-cohort-analysis
#3
Ruth E Brown, Nikhil Gupta, Ronnie Aronson
BACKGROUND: In randomized clinical trials, dapagliflozin has been shown to improve glycemic control, weight, and blood pressure. However, there is little real-world evidence of the effectiveness of dapagliflozin. The objective of this study is to investigate the real-world treatment outcomes of patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) who initiated dapagliflozin in a referral-based endocrinology practice. METHODS: This study was a retrospective cohort analysis of patients with T2D who initiated dapagliflozin in 2015, using data from a large, specialist diabetes registry in Canada...
August 22, 2017: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828746/clinical-safety-of-renaming-encapsulated-follicular-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma-is-niftp-truly-benign
#4
David N Parente, Wouter P Kluijfhout, Pim J Bongers, Raoul Verzijl, Karen M Devon, Lorne E Rotstein, David P Goldstein, Sylvia L Asa, Ozgur Mete, Jesse D Pasternak
BACKGROUND: Renaming encapsulated follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (EFVPTC) to noninvasive follicular thyroid neoplasm with papillary-like nuclear features (NIFTP) was recently suggested to prevent the overtreatment, cost and stigma associated with this low-risk entity. The purpose of this study is to document the incidence and further assess the clinical outcomes of reclassifying EFVPTC to NIFTP. METHODS: We searched synoptic pathologic reports from a high-volume academic endocrine surgery hospital from 2004 to 2013...
August 21, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828558/anatomical-study-of-occipital-triangles-the-inferior-suboccipital-triangle-a-useful-vertebral-artery-landmark-for-safe-postero-lateral-skull-base-surgery
#5
Giuseppe La Rocca, Roberto Altieri, Luca Ricciardi, Alessandro Olivi, Giuseppe Maria Della Pepa
BACKGROUND: Vertebral artery (VA) identification within the suboccipital triangle is a key step in craniocervical junction surgery. Often VA exposition at this level is arduous (space-occupying lesions, previous surgery); to identify VA more proximally may prove useful in complex cases. An alternative triangle is present just below the suboccipital one, where VA can be easily controlled; we named it the inferior suboccipital triangle (IST). The aim of the study is to identify IST anatomical relations and VA space orientation and evaluate its practical utility in surgery...
August 22, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828202/the-benefits-of-community-and-juvenile-justice-involvement-in-organizational-research
#6
Carl G Leukefeld, Margaret Cawood, Tisha Wiley, Angela A Robertson, Jacqueline Horan Fisher, Nancy Arrigona, Patricia Donohue, Michelle Staples-Horne, Philip W Harris, Richard Dembo, Judy Roysden, Katherine R Marks
The Juvenile Justice (JJ) system has a number of local behavioral health service community linkages for substance abuse, mental health, and HIV services. However, there have only been a few systemic studies that examine and seek to improve these community behavioral health linkages for justice-involved youth. Implementation research is a way of identifying, testing, and understanding effective strategies for translating evidence-based treatment and prevention approaches into service delivery. This article explores benefits and challenges of participatory research within the context of the National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA)'s Juvenile Justice Translational Research on Interventions for Adolescents in the Legal System (JJ-TRIALS) implementation behavioral health study...
2017: Journal of Juvenile Justice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828196/use-of-proton-pump-inhibitors-in-general-practice
#7
Cesare Tosetti, Ilaria Nanni
AIM: To evaluate the characteristics of the prescription of the proton pump inhibitor drugs (PPI) and the adherence to the indications of the guidelines regulating the reimbursement limitations set forth by the Italian Drug Agency. METHODS: Thirty general practitioners (GP) participated in the study, providing data on more than 40000 patients in total. The population was divided into non occasional users of PPI drugs (PPI users) and non-users (PPI non-users) based on evidence of a prescription of at least 3 packs of PPIs in the last 90 d before analysis...
August 6, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Pharmacology and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828180/multi-level-spine-endoscopy-a-review-of-available-evidence-and-case-report
#8
Scott D Middleton, Ralf Wagner, J N Alastair Gibson
In the last ten years, there has been an exponential increase in endoscopic spinal surgery practice.With improvements in equipment quality and the availability of high definition camera systems, cervical endoscopic disc resection is now a viable alternative to anterior cervical decompression and fusion (ACDF) or disc arthroplasty for the treatment of disc prolapse and low grade stenosis.Based on the current literature, there is now strong evidence to support the use of transforaminal endoscopic approaches for the treatment of thoracic disc prolapse...
July 2017: EFORT open reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827935/signs-of-spiritual-distress-and-its-implications-for-practice-in-indian-palliative-care
#9
Sushma Bhatnagar, Joris Gielen, Aanchal Satija, Suraj Pal Singh, Simon Noble, Santosh K Chaturvedi
INTRODUCTION: Given the particularity of spirituality in the Indian context, models and tools for spiritual care that have been developed in Western countries may not be applicable to Indian palliative care patients. Therefore, we intended to describe the most common signs of spiritual distress in Indian palliative care patients, assess differences between male and female participants, and formulate contextually appropriate recommendations for spiritual care based on this data. METHODS: Data from 300 adult cancer patients who had completed a questionnaire with 36 spirituality items were analyzed...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827877/occupational-therapy-in-india-focus-on-functional-recovery-and-need-for-empowerment
#10
Reema Samuel, K S Jacob
While there have been significant advances in treatments for mental disorders over the past century, cure for many mental disorders remains elusive. The complex problems of mental illness require a multi-sectoral, multi-disciplinary and multi-dimensional approach to care. The need for focus on biopsychosocial model rather than on biomedical practise, client-centred rather than physician-oriented care, personal rather than clinical recovery, are often preached but rarely practiced. The lack of emphasis on functioning and the limited workforce and evidence base complicate issues related to the care of people with chronic mental illness in India...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827377/clinical-practice-guideline-for-screening-and-management-of-high-blood-pressure-in-children-and-adolescents
#11
Joseph T Flynn, David C Kaelber, Carissa M Baker-Smith, Douglas Blowey, Aaron E Carroll, Stephen R Daniels, Sarah D de Ferranti, Janis M Dionne, Bonita Falkner, Susan K Flinn, Samuel S Gidding, Celeste Goodwin, Michael G Leu, Makia E Powers, Corinna Rea, Joshua Samuels, Madeline Simasek, Vidhu V Thaker, Elaine M Urbina
These pediatric hypertension guidelines are an update to the 2004 "Fourth Report on the Diagnosis, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure in Children and Adolescents." Significant changes in these guidelines include (1) the replacement of the term "prehypertension" with the term "elevated blood pressure," (2) new normative pediatric blood pressure (BP) tables based on normal-weight children, (3) a simplified screening table for identifying BPs needing further evaluation, (4) a simplified BP classification in adolescents ≥13 years of age that aligns with the forthcoming American Heart Association and American College of Cardiology adult BP guidelines, (5) a more limited recommendation to perform screening BP measurements only at preventive care visits, (6) streamlined recommendations on the initial evaluation and management of abnormal BPs, (7) an expanded role for ambulatory BP monitoring in the diagnosis and management of pediatric hypertension, and (8) revised recommendations on when to perform echocardiography in the evaluation of newly diagnosed hypertensive pediatric patients (generally only before medication initiation), along with a revised definition of left ventricular hypertrophy...
August 21, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827314/international-olympic-committee-consensus-statement-on-pain-management-in-elite-athletes
#12
Brian Hainline, Wayne Derman, Alan Vernec, Richard Budgett, Masataka Deie, Jiří Dvořák, Chris Harle, Stanley A Herring, Mike McNamee, Willem Meeuwisse, G Lorimer Moseley, Bade Omololu, John Orchard, Andrew Pipe, Babette M Pluim, Johan Ræder, Christian Siebert, Mike Stewart, Mark Stuart, Judith A Turner, Mark Ware, David Zideman, Lars Engebretsen
Pain is a common problem among elite athletes and is frequently associated with sport injury. Both pain and injury interfere with the performance of elite athletes. There are currently no evidence-based or consensus-based guidelines for the management of pain in elite athletes. Typically, pain management consists of the provision of analgesics, rest and physical therapy. More appropriately, a treatment strategy should address all contributors to pain including underlying pathophysiology, biomechanical abnormalities and psychosocial issues, and should employ therapies providing optimal benefit and minimal harm...
September 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28827241/assessment-of-healthcare-delivery-in-the-early-management-of-bacterial-meningitis-in-uk-young-infants-an-observational-study
#13
Ifeanyichukwu O Okike, Shamez N Ladhani, Mark Anthony, Nelly Ninis, Paul T Heath
OBJECTIVE: To define early presenting features of bacterial meningitis in young infants in England and to review the adequacy of individual case management as compared with relevant national guidelines and an expert panel review. DESIGN: Retrospective medical case note review and parental recall using standardised questionnaires. SETTING: England and Wales. PARTICIPANTS: Infants aged <90 days with bacterial meningitis diagnosed between July 2010 and July 2013...
August 21, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826856/practice-guidelines-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo-otoneurology-committee-of-spanish-otorhinolaryngology-and-head-and-neck-surgery-consensus-document
#14
Paz Pérez-Vázquez, Virginia Franco-Gutiérrez, Andrés Soto-Varela, Juan Carlos Amor-Dorado, Eduardo Martín-Sanz, Manuel Oliva-Domínguez, Jose A Lopez-Escamez
Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo is the most frequent episodic vestibular disorder. The purpose of this guide, requested by the committee on otoneurology of the Spanish Society of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, is to supply a consensus document providing practical guidance for the management of BPPV. It is based on the Barany Society criteria for the diagnosis of BPPV. This guideline provides recommendations on each variant of BPPV, with a description of the different diagnostic tests and the therapeutic manoeuvres...
August 18, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826760/evidence-based-red-blood-cell-transfusion-practices-in-cardiac-surgery
#15
REVIEW
Nishith N Patel, Gavin J Murphy
Cardiac surgical patients are among the highest consumers of allogeneic red blood cells (RBCs) due to the prevalence of anemia and bleeding. Up until recently, there was a paucity of high-quality evidence informing transfusion decisions in this patient group which led to wide variability in transfusion decision making. The article reviews and critically analyzes the available evidence for RBC transfusion in cardiac surgery, focusing on trials of transfusion triggers and age of blood, and provides suggestions for future research...
June 21, 2017: Transfusion Medicine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826334/systematic-review-of-racial-ethnic-outcome-disparities-in-home-health-care
#16
Mary Curry Narayan, Katherine N Scafide
INTRODUCTION: Though extensive evidence demonstrates that U.S. minority patients suffer health care disparities, the incidence of disparities among the 3.3 million adult patients receiving skilled intermittent home health care services annually is unclear. The purpose of this systematic review is to determine the relationship of race/ethnicity on home health care patient outcomes. METHODOLOGY: PRISMA guidelines were used to perform a systematic search of the literature within the CINHAL, Medline, and Web of Science databases...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822781/inpatient-versus-outpatient-parenteral-antibiotic-therapy-at-home-for-acute-infections-in-children-a-systematic-review
#17
REVIEW
Penelope A Bryant, Naomi T Katz
Inpatient management is necessary in many situations, but medical and allied-health treatments are increasingly being used on an outpatient basis to allow patients who would traditionally have been admitted to hospital to remain at home. Home-based clinical management has many potential benefits, including reduced hospital-acquired infections, cost savings, and patient and family satisfaction. Studies in adults provide evidence for the benefits of home-based versus hospital-based intravenous antibiotics, but few studies inform practice in home-based intravenous antibiotic therapy for children...
August 16, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822720/juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-practice-patterns-among-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgeons
#18
Brian E Kinard, Shelly Abramowicz
PURPOSE: The purpose of this investigation is to assess the current clinical practices by oral and maxillofacial surgeons (OMSs) in the United States regarding diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) involvement in children with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We implemented a cross-sectional survey of academic OMSs in the United States via an electronic survey. The survey included respondent demographic data, patient volumes, diagnostic methods, and management practices for children with JIA and TMJ involvement...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822681/firearm-storage-practices-in-households-of-adolescents-with-and-without-mental-illness
#19
Joseph A Simonetti, Mary Kay Theis, Ali Rowhani-Rahbar, Evette J Ludman, David C Grossman
PURPOSE: Safe firearm storage practices are associated with a lower risk of self-inflicted injury and death. Whether such practices and relevant beliefs differ between households of adolescents with and without mental illness is unknown. METHODS: We used survey and administrative data to perform a two-stage cross-sectional study of parents/guardians of adolescents who were 11-17 years, enrolled in a managed care plan in 2004 and living in a household with a firearm...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28822624/evaluating-an-australian-emergency-nurse-practitioner-candidate-training-program
#20
Sharyn J Plath, Mary Wright, Julia Hocking
Nurse Practitioners (NPs) receive core clinical training at master's level, with their employer providing the opportunity to upskill in clinical and procedural competencies. It is increasingly recognised that this generic education requires supplementary training for operating effectively within a specific clinical environment. In this paper we describe a pilot program designed to train Australian NP Candidates to work effectively within the Emergency Department Fast Track model of care. The training program consisted of a 12-month period: four hours in-house training per week over two semesters, running concurrently with the NP candidate's University semesters, and 3 months' clinical practice to consolidate...
August 16, 2017: Australasian Emergency Nursing Journal: AENJ
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