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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923111/evaluation-of-a-pilot-school-based-physical-activity-challenge-for-primary-students
#1
E Passmore, C Donato-Hunt, L Maher, R Havrlant, K Hennessey, A Milat, L Farrell
Issue addressed: Physical inactivity and sedentary behaviour among children are growing public health concerns. The Culture Health Communities Activity Challenge (hereafter known as the Challenge) is a school-based pedometer program in which classes compete to achieve the highest class average daily steps in an 8-week period. The Challenge aims to encourage physical activity in primary school students, with a focus on engaging Aboriginal students. The program was piloted in 15 classes in New South Wales in 2014...
December 2, 2016: Health Promotion Journal of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922922/a-sleep-hygiene-and-relaxation-intervention-for-children-with-acute-lymphoblastic-leukemia-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
Sue Zupanec, Heather Jones, Lyndsey McRae, Efrosini Papaconstantinou, Julie Weston, Robyn Stremler
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance and fatigue are common and distressing pediatric cancer-related outcomes. Sleep hygiene education and relaxation techniques are recommended to improve sleep in healthy children and adult cancer survivors. No studies have tested these interventions to improve sleep and fatigue for children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in the home setting. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to establish the feasibility and acceptability of a sleep hygiene and relaxation intervention to improve sleep and fatigue for children receiving maintenance chemotherapy for ALL...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922920/communication-about-maternal-breast-cancer-with-children-a-qualitative-study
#3
Xiaoyan Huang, Margaret O'Connor, Yan Hu, Hongyun Gao, Susan Lee
BACKGROUND: Communication with children is a major concern for mothers with breast cancer. Chinese people have specific understanding of cancer and death, which may affect their way of communication. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore how Chinese mothers with breast cancer communicate about their illness with their children. METHODS: An interpretive description study was conducted. Forty mothers with nonterminal breast cancer in mainland China were interviewed individually...
December 5, 2016: Cancer Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922342/treatment-seeking-and-out-of-pocket-expenditure-on-childhood-illness-in-a-migrant-tribal-community-in-bhubaneswar-odisha-state-india
#4
Suchismita Mishra, Yadlapalli S Kusuma, Bontha V Babu
BACKGROUND: In India, migrant status, tribal affiliation and poverty render tribal migrants more vulnerable than any other group which leads to high treatment costs and the risk of low access to health care. OBJECTIVE: To examine treatment-seeking behaviour and out-of-pocket (OOP) expenditure on the treatment of childhood illnesses, with a focus on gender in a migrant tribal community in Bhubaneswar, eastern India. METHODS: A total of 175 households with a child aged 0-14 years and who had migrated within the last 12 years were selected from tribal-dominated slums...
December 6, 2016: Paediatrics and International Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921373/association-between-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-factors-related-to-their-mothers
#5
B-M Shin, D-Y Park
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between the socio-economic, behavioural, psychological and oral health status factors of Korean mothers with the status of dental caries in their children using nationwide representative data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Children were categorized into child (CG, 6-11 years) and adolescent (AG, 12-18 years) groups. Responses from both the child and his/her mother were included in the analysis...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921002/intention-for-cesarean-section-versus-vaginal-delivery-among-pregnant-women-in-isfahan-correlates-and-determinants
#6
Zahra Shams-Ghahfarokhi, Farideh Khalajabadi-Farahani
BACKGROUND: Iran has the second highest rate of cesarean section in the world. the corresponding rate in the third metropolitan city of Iran, Isfahan, is even higher. This paper aimed to assess correlates and determinants of intention for cesarean section versus normal vaginal delivery (NVD) among pregnant women in Isfahan. METHODS: A study was conducted among 400 pregnant women aged 18-38 years, with gestational age of 24-40 weeks who attended labor clinics of nine hospitals in Isfahan during June and July 2014...
October 2016: Journal of Reproduction & Infertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920584/evaluation-management-and-prevention-of-lower-extremity-youth-ice-hockey-injuries
#7
REVIEW
Charles A Popkin, Brian M Schulz, Caroline N Park, Thomas S Bottiglieri, T Sean Lynch
Ice hockey is a fast-paced sport played by increasing numbers of children and adolescents in North America and around the world. Requiring a unique blend of skill, finesse, power and teamwork, ice hockey can become a lifelong recreational activity. Despite the rising popularity of the sport, there is ongoing concern about the high frequency of musculoskeletal injury associated with participation in ice hockey. Injury rates in ice hockey are among the highest in all competitive sports. Numerous research studies have been implemented to better understand the risks of injury...
2016: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920347/effectiveness-of-pediatric-palliative-care-education-on-pediatric-clinicians
#8
Niang-Huei Peng, Cheng-Han Lee, Min-Chun Lee, Li-Chi Huang, Yue-Cune Chang, Joetta DeSwarte-Wallace
A lack of knowledge and skills in pediatric palliative care may create hesitation in caring for children with serious life-threatening conditions and their families. Our research examined the effectiveness of pediatric palliative care training for pediatric clinicians. A pretest-posttest study provided educational training in pediatric palliative care to pediatric clinicians and used a pretest and a posttest to assess outcomes. Fifty pediatric clinicians attended this research with 83.3% response rate. After training, participants reported significantly increased confidence in a variety of areas, including providing emotional support to clinicians, personal knowledge, skills, and communication; ethical and legal concerns; and providing emotional support to dying children and their families...
December 5, 2016: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920309/improving-the-oral-health-care-capacity-of-federally-qualified-health-centers
#9
James J Crall, Nadereh Pourat, Moira Inkelas, Colleen Lampron, Richard Scoville
Despite efforts that increased dental visits at federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) by 65 percent between 2007 and 2014, only 21 percent of FQHC patients received dental services in 2015-not altogether surprising, given that most such facilities do not offer dental services on site. Many of these facilities are part of multisite organizations that offer dental services at other locations; however, sites with co-located dental and medical services often serve only a fraction of their primary care patients...
December 1, 2016: Health Affairs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920269/same-care-different-populations-return-to-learn-practices-following-concussion-in-primary-and-secondary-schools
#10
Laura S Blackwell, Anna F Robinson, Mark R Proctor, Alex M Taylor
The authors conducted a cross-sectional survey of Massachusetts school nurses examining return-to-learn practices for children recovering from concussion in prekindergarten through high school. Regardless of school setting, all students received academic accommodations to support learning during recovery. School nurses perceived less benefit to prolonged cognitive rest (>4 days) for high school students relative to students in elementary school, but provided academic accommodations to them for comparatively longer periods of time (10-14 days vs 6-10 days)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919667/the-relationship-between-offspring-sex-ratio-and-vasectomy-utilization
#11
Remy W Lamberts, David P Guo, Shufeng Li, Michael L Eisenberg
OBJECTIVE: To determine if there was an association between vasectomy utilization and offspring sex ratio (Male offspring: Total offspring) as offspring sex preference may have an impact on family planning in the United States. STUDY DESIGN: Using data from the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study, we calculated the numbers of sons and daughters for all men stratified by vasectomy status. We utilized a logistic regression model to determine if vasectomy utilization varies based on offspring sex ratio while accounting for known factors that impact vasectomy utilization...
December 2, 2016: Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919439/associations-between-physical-activity-and-semen-quality-in-young-healthy-men
#12
Paweł Jóźków, Marek Mędraś, Felicja Lwow, Aleksandra Zagrodna, Małgorzata Słowińska-Lisowska
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether the level of everyday physical activity is associated with semen quality in young men. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Universities, clubs, and societies. PATIENT(S): Young healthy men (aged 18-35 years) with unknown fertility (n = 177). INTERVENTIONS(S): Collection of data on medical history, lifestyle factors (physical activity, nutrition, addictions), and environmental threats (exposure of gonads to cellular phones, laptops)...
December 2, 2016: Fertility and Sterility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919244/surgical-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-children-a-mixed-method-study-on-healthcare-professionals-attitudes
#13
Angela Giusti, Stefania Spila Alegiani, Marta Luisa Ciofi Degli Atti, Sofia Colaceci, Roberto Raschetti, Pasquale Arace, Raffaele Spiazzi, Massimiliano Raponi
BACKGROUND: Qualitative and quantitative research investigating determinants of adherence to clinical guidelines (GLs) on surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) are scarce. We conducted a mixed-method study aimed at investigating barriers and at describing attitudes of healthcare professionals (HCPs) regarding SAP in three Italian children's hospitals. METHODS: The study comprised two sequential phases: 1) collection of qualitative data through focus groups; 2) conduction of a survey on HCPs attitudes towards SAP...
December 5, 2016: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919233/sexual-health-questions-included-in-the-health-behaviour-in-school-aged-children-hbsc-study-an-international-methodological-pilot-investigation
#14
Honor Young, András Költő, Marta Reis, Elizabeth M Saewyc, Nathalie Moreau, Lorraine Burke, Alina Cosma, Béat Windlin, Saoirse Nic Gabhainn, Emmanuelle Godeau
BACKGROUND: This paper describes the methodological developments of the sexual health items included in the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study since their mandatory inclusion in the study in 2002. The current methodological, ethical and pedagogical challenges in measuring young people's sexual health behaviours are discussed along with the issues associated with the sexual health items introduced to the HBSC study in 2002. The development and piloting of new cross-national items for use in the 2013/14 HBSC data collection are presented and discussed...
December 5, 2016: BMC Medical Research Methodology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918685/physical-education-policies-and-practices-in-california-private-secondary-schools
#15
David Kahan, Thomas L McKenzie
BACKGROUND: Physical education (PE) is mandated in most states, but few studies of PE in private schools exist. METHODS: We assessed selected PE policies and practices in private secondary schools (grades 6-12) in California using a 15-item questionnaire related to school characteristics and their PE programs. RESULTS: Responding schools (n=450; response rate, 33.8%) were from 37 counties. Most were coeducational (91.3%) and had a religious affiliation (83%)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918189/mentalization-based-therapy-for-parents-in-entrenched-conflict-a-random-allocation-feasibility-study
#16
Leezah Hertzmann, Mary Target, David Hewison, Polly Casey, Pasco Fearon, Dana Lassri
To explore the effectiveness of a mentalization-based therapeutic intervention specifically developed for parents in entrenched conflict over their children. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first randomized controlled intervention study in the United Kingdom to work with both parents postseparation, and the first to focus on mentalization in this situation. Using a mixed-methods study design, 30 parents were randomly allocated to either mentalization-based therapy for parental conflict-Parenting Together, or the Parents' Group, a psycho-educational intervention for separated parents based on elements of the Separated Parents Information Program-part of the U...
December 2016: Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918174/evaluation-of-the-children-s-depression-inventory-short-version-cdi-s
#17
Johan Ahlen, Ata Ghaderi
The Children's Depression Inventory-Short Version (CDI-S), an abbreviated version of the widely used Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), has been regularly used in recent research. In comparison to the original CDI, the CDI-S has not been rigorously evaluated for its psychometrics. The present study examined the dimensionality, convergent and discriminant validity, and gender differences of the CDI-S in a school-based sample of 809 children 8-12 years of age. All children completed the CDI-S. One subsample additionally completed another measure of depression, 1 subsample completed a measure of anxiety, and 1 subsample completed the CDI-S at a second occasion, after 2 weeks...
December 5, 2016: Psychological Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917488/re-aim-analysis-of-a-school-based-nutrition-education-intervention-in-kindergarteners
#18
Andrew L Larsen, Yue Liao, Janel Alberts, Jimi Huh, Trina Robertson, Genevieve F Dunton
BACKGROUND: Few nutrition interventions in kindergarten classes have been evaluated, and none has been tested for program effectiveness, implementation, and dissemination. Building a Healthy Me (BHM) is a nutrition intervention for kindergarteners that is classroom-based and includes a family component. This study evaluated the public health impact of BHM in California kindergarten classrooms using the RE-AIM (reach, efficacy, adoption, implementation, and maintenance) framework. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design assessed pre-to-post changes in nutrition knowledge, dietary consumption, and parent behaviors of 25 intervention classrooms (414 students, 264 parents); and postintervention differences in nutrition knowledge between the intervention classrooms and 4 control classrooms measured at postintervention only (103 students)...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917460/moderators-of-parent-training-for-disruptive-behaviors-in-young-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Luc Lecavalier, Tristram Smith, Cynthia Johnson, Karen Bearss, Naomi Swiezy, Michael G Aman, Denis G Sukhodolsky, Yanhong Deng, James Dziura, Lawrence Scahill
We conducted a 6 month, randomized trial of parent training (PT) versus a parent education program (PEP) in 180 young children (158 boys, 22 girls), ages 3-7 years, with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). PT was superior to PEP in decreasing disruptive and noncompliant behaviors. In the current study, we assess moderators of treatment response in this trial. Thirteen clinical and demographic variables were evaluated as potential moderators of three outcome variables: the Aberrant Behavior Checklist-Irritability subscale (ABC-I), Home Situations Questionnaire (HSQ), and Clinical Global Impressions-Improvement Scale (CGI-I)...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917445/legal-provisions-educational-services-and-health-care-across-the-lifespan-for-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-india
#20
Merry Barua, Jaya Shankar Kaushik, Sheffali Gulati
India is estimated to have over 10 million persons with autism. Rising awareness of autism in India over last decade with ready access to information has led to an increase in prevalence and earlier diagnosis, the creation of services and some policy initiatives. However, there remains a gaping chasm between policy and implementation. The reach and quality of services continues sketchy and uneven, especially in the area of education. The present review discusses existing legal provisions for children and adults with autism in India...
December 5, 2016: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
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