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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231520/medicinal-plants-used-as-anthelmintics-ethnomedical-pharmacological-and-phytochemical-studies
#1
REVIEW
Juan Carlos Romero-Benavides, Ana Lucía Ruano, Ronal Silva-Rivas, Paola Castillo-Veintimilla, Sara Vivanco-Jaramillo, Natalia Bailon-Moscoso
Intestinal parasites delay mental and physical development in children. Infection with these parasites can result in complications during pregnancy and alter the health of newborns, which has long-term effects on educational attainment and economic productivity. The appearance of resistance against classical drug treatments generates interest in the development of new deworming alternatives. We think that research of new plants species may reveal potential antiparasitic compounds. This review is focused on the use of plants and secondary metabolites against intestinal parasites...
February 16, 2017: European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231385/most-children-who-took-part-in-a-comprehensive-malnutrition-programme-in-madagascar-reached-and-maintained-the-recovery-threshold
#2
Magnin Margot, Beat Stoll, Rajaobelina Voahangy, Emilien Jeannot
AIM: The benefits of including nutritional education in programmes that tackle moderate and severe acute malnutrition remain poorly documented. This study in Madagascar evaluated the nutritional status of children who took part in an innovative programme that included maternal education, on completion and after a year. METHODS: Each year, this outpatient programme admits 2,400 malnourished children from 6-59 months in the lower districts of Antananarivo, Madagascar...
February 23, 2017: Acta Paediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231260/effects-of-the-skills4genius-sports-based-training-program-in-creative-behavior
#3
Sara Santos, Sergio Jiménez, Jaime Sampaio, Nuno Leite
Team Sports has been suggested as a suitable environment to investigate creative behavior. This study's purpose was two-fold: first, it intended to identify the effects of the Skills4Genius sports-bases training program in thinking, motor, and in-game creative behavior in team sports. Second, it aimed to investigate the relationship between creative thinking and in-game creativity. Forty children from primary school were allocated into control (n = 18, age: 9.2±0.4) and experimental (n = 22, age: 9.5±0.7) groups...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230804/calcium-intake-and-nutritional-adequacy-in-spanish-children-the-aniva-study
#4
Nuria Rubio-López, Agustín Llopis-González, María Morales-Suárez-Varela
Calcium is an important nutrient for child development. The main objective of this study was to assess calcium intake and its adequacy with dietary reference intake (DRI) in Spanish children. The ANIVA (Antropometría y Nutrición Infantil de Valencia) study is a descriptive cross-sectional study. During two academic years 2013-2014 and 2014-2015, 1176 schoolchildren aged 6-9 years were selected from 14 primary schools in Valencia (Spain). Three-day food records were used to assess dietary intake, completed by parents/guardian...
February 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230713/the-impact-of-ethnic-and-cultural-differences-on-parental-satisfaction-in-the-picu
#5
Qian Wen Sng, Angela H P Kirk, Siti Nur Hanim Buang, Jan Hau Lee
OBJECTIVES: This study examined satisfaction of parents whose children were admitted to the PICU to identify priority areas for improvement. We hypothesized that differences exist in satisfaction of parents of different ethnicities. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: PICU in a tertiary care pediatric hospital. PATIENTS: All English-literate parents whose child was admitted to our PICU between February 2014 and February 2015 were eligible after informed consent was obtained...
February 20, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230403/development-of-essentialist-thinking-about-religion-categories-in-northern-ireland-and-the-united-states
#6
Kirsty Smyth, Aidan Feeney, R Cole Eidson, John D Coley
Social essentialism, the belief that members of certain social categories share unobservable properties, licenses expectations that those categories are natural and a good basis for inference. A challenge for cognitive developmental theory is to give an account of how children come to develop essentialist beliefs about socially important categories. Previous evidence from Israel suggests that kindergarteners selectively engage in essentialist reasoning about culturally salient (ethnicity) categories, and that this is attenuated among children in integrated schools...
March 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228450/academic-outcomes-in-children-with-congenital-heart-defects-a-population-based-cohort-study
#7
Matthew E Oster, Stephanie Watkins, Kevin D Hill, Jessica H Knight, Robert E Meyer
BACKGROUND: Most studies evaluating neurocognitive outcomes in children with congenital heart defects (CHD) have focused on high-risk patients or used specialized, resource-intensive testing. To determine the association of CHD with academic outcomes and compare outcomes according to the severity of CHD, we linked state educational records with a birth defects registry and birth certificates. METHODS AND RESULTS: We performed a retrospective cohort study using data from the North Carolina Birth Defects Monitoring Program, North Carolina Department of Public Instruction, and North Carolina Department of Health and Human Services vital records...
February 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228116/examination-of-motor-skill-competency-in-students-evidence-based-physical-education-curriculum
#8
Weiyun Chen, Austin Hammond-Bennett, Andrew Hypnar
BACKGROUND: Researchers found that children with a competent level of motor skill performance are more likely to be physically active. This study examined how well K-1 students demonstrated motor skill competency in relation to Physical Education Content Standard 1. METHODS: Participants were K-1 grade students (N = 1,223-1,588; boys = 568-857; girls = 526-695; Mean age = 5.5 yrs old) who were enrolled in nine elementary schools. The K-1 students' motor skill competency in running, weight transferring, hand dribbling, and underhand catching skills was assessed using four PE Metrics skill assessment rubrics in the intervention year 1 and year 2, respectively...
February 23, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227786/a-tunable-digital-ishihara-plate-for-pre-school-aged-children
#9
Orazio Gambino, Ester Minafo, Roberto Pirrone, Edoardo Ardizzone, Orazio Gambino, Ester Minafo, Roberto Pirrone, Edoardo Ardizzone, Ester Minafo, Edoardo Ardizzone, Roberto Pirrone, Orazio Gambino
Colors play a fundamental role for children, both in the everyday life and in education. They recognize the surrounding world, and play games making a large use of colors. They learn letters and numbers by means of colors. As a consequence, early diagnosis of color blindness is an crucial to support an individual affected by this visual perception alteration at the initial phase of his/her life. The diagnosis of red-green color deficiencies (protanopia or deuteranopia) is commonly accomplished by means of the Ishihara test, which consists of plates showing dots with different sizes where some of them compose numbers within a gamut of colors while the ones composing the background have different colors...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227151/a-community-based-interdisciplinary-rehabilitation-engineering-course
#10
Mary Lundy, Juan Aceros, Mary Lundy, Juan Aceros, Juan Aceros, Mary Lundy
A novel, community-based course was created through collaboration between the School of Engineering and the Physical Therapy program at the University of North Florida. This course offers a hands-on, interdisciplinary training experience for undergraduate engineering students through team-based design projects where engineering students are partnered with physical therapy students. Students learn the process of design, fabrication and testing of low-tech and high-tech rehabilitation technology for children with disabilities, and are exposed to a clinical experience under the guidance of licensed therapists...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226190/predictors-of-readiness-for-hospital-discharge-after-birth-building-evidence-for-practice
#11
Gabriella Malagon-Maldonado, Cynthia D Connelly, Ruth A Bush
BACKGROUND: Preparation for hospital discharge after birth became a global concern when hospitals in many developing countries began implementing shorter lengths of stay for uncomplicated deliveries. A mother's perceived readiness for hospital discharge may be influenced by many factors that can ultimately shape postdischarge outcomes. AIMS: The purpose of this study was to explore the antepartum, intrapartum, and postpartum predictors of discharge readiness, including nursing educational practices that are predictive of postpartum mothers' perceptions of readiness for hospital discharge...
February 22, 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226036/development-of-a-booklet-on-insulin-therapy-for-children-with-diabetes-mellitus-type-1
#12
Denizielle de Jesus Moreira Moura, Nádya Dos Santos Moura, Luciana Catunda Gomes de Menezes, Ariane Alves Barros, Maria Vilani Cavalcante Guedes
Objective: to describe the process of developing of an educational booklet on insulin therapy for children with diabetes mellitus type 1. Method: methodological approach, in which the following steps were carried out: selecting of the content and type of technology to be developed (for this step, an integrative review, an analysis of the comments of blogs about Diabetes Mellitus type 1 and interviews with the children were performed), creation of images, formatting and layout composition...
January 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225734/auditory-performance-and-electrical-stimulation-measures-in-cochlear-implant-recipients-with-auditory-neuropathy-compared-with-severe-to-profound-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#13
Joseph Attias, Tally Greenstein, Miriam Peled, David Ulanovski, Jay Wohlgelernter, Eyal Raveh
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study was to compare auditory and speech outcomes and electrical parameters on average 8 years after cochlear implantation between children with isolated auditory neuropathy (AN) and children with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL). DESIGN: The study was conducted at a tertiary, university-affiliated pediatric medical center. The cohort included 16 patients with isolated AN with current age of 5 to 12.2 years who had been using a cochlear implant for at least 3...
March 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225052/building-better-bones-in-childhood-a-randomized-controlled-study-to-test-the-efficacy-of-a-dietary-intervention-program-to-increase-calcium-intake
#14
D R Weber, L J Stark, R F Ittenbach, V A Stallings, B S Zemel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Many children do not consume the recommended daily allowance of calcium. Inadequate calcium intake in childhood may limit bone accrual. The objective of this study was to determine if a behavioral modification and nutritional education (BM-NE) intervention improved dietary calcium intake and bone accrual in children. SUBJECTS/METHODS: 139 (86 female) healthy children, 7-10 years of age, were enrolled in this randomized controlled trial conducted over 36 months...
February 22, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224397/food-safety-instruction-improves-knowledge-and-behavior-risk-and-protection-factors-for-foodborne-illnesses-in-pregnant-populations
#15
Patricia Kendall, Robert Scharff, Susan Baker, Jeffrey LeJeune, John Sofos, Lydia Medeiros
Objective This study compared knowledge and food-handling behavior after pathogen-specific (experimental treatment) versus basic food safety instruction (active control) presented during nutrition education classes for low-income English- and Spanish-language pregnant women. Methods Subjects (n = 550) were randomly assigned to treatment groups in two different locations in the United States. Food safety instruction was part of an 8-lesson curriculum. Food safety knowledge and behavior were measured pre/post intervention...
February 21, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223085/self-perception-of-weight-status-and-its-association-with-weight-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-behaviors-among-chinese%C3%A2-children-in-guangzhou
#16
Li Cai, Ting Zhang, Jun Ma, Lu Ma, Jin Jing, Yajun Chen
BACKGROUND: How weight perception influences weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in Chinese children is unknown. We investigated self-perception of body weight and its correlates, and analyzed the relationship between weight perception and weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in children in Guangzhou, China. METHODS: We assessed self-reported weight perception, weight-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors in 3752 children aged 7-12 years...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222999/effect-of-stepwise-perinatal-immunization-education-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#17
Aya Saitoh, Akihiko Saitoh, Isamu Sato, Tomohiro Shinozaki, Hajime Kamiya, Satoko Nagata
BACKGROUND: Perinatal immunization education is important for improving the immunization outcomes of infants; however, the content of educational materials used at each perinatal period has not been carefully evaluated. We hypothesized that stepwise education offered at different perinatal periods would improve infant immunization status and enhance maternal immunization knowledge. METHODS: In this cluster-randomized controlled trial, pregnant women were recruited from nine obstetric sites in Niigata, Japan...
February 17, 2017: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222774/factors-associated-with-preferences-for-long-term-care-settings-in-old-age-evidence-from-a-population-based-survey-in-germany
#18
André Hajek, Thomas Lehnert, Annemarie Wegener, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: Long-term care is one of the most pressing health policy issues in Germany. It is expected that the need for long-term care will increase markedly in the next decades due to demographic shifts. The purpose of this study was to investigate the factors associated with preferences for long-term care settings in old age individuals in Germany. METHODS: Based on expert interviews and a systematic review, a questionnaire was developed to quantify long-term care preferences...
February 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28221078/edward-shapiro-1951-2016
#19
Patricia Manz, George DuPaul
Presents an obituary for Edward Shapiro who passed away on March 23, 2016. Ed was a highly accomplished researcher and trainer who was a strong advocate for rigorous scholarship and quality psychological practice. His death was a great loss to the field of school psychology and to everyone who serves children with educational and behavioral disabilities. (PsycINFO Database Record
February 2017: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220714/is-maternal-education-a-social-vaccine-for-childhood-malaria-infection-a-cross-sectional-study-from-war-torn-democratic-republic-of-congo
#20
Cary Ma, Kasereka Masumbuko Claude, Zacharie Tsongo Kibendelwa, Hannah Brooks, Xiaonan Zheng, Michael Hawkes
In zones of violent conflict in the tropics, social disruption leads to elevated child mortality, of which malaria is the leading cause. Understanding the social determinants of malaria transmission may be helpful to optimize malaria control efforts. We conducted a cross-sectional study of healthy children aged 2 months to 5 years attending well-child and/or immunization visits in the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). Six hundred and forty-seven children were tested for malaria antigenemia by rapid diagnostic test and the accompanying parent or legal guardian simultaneously completed a survey questionnaire related to demographics, socioeconomic status, maternal education, as well as bednet use and recent febrile illness...
February 21, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
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