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Kirsten Bibbins-Domingo, David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Karina W Davidson, John W Epling, Francisco A R García, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, William R Phillips, Maureen G Phipps, Michael P Pignone
Importance: There is convincing evidence that breastfeeding provides substantial health benefits for children. However, nearly half of all US mothers who initially breastfeed stop doing so by 6 months, and there are significant disparities in breastfeeding rates among younger mothers and in disadvantaged communities. Objective: To update the 2008 US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) recommendation on primary care interventions to promote breastfeeding. Evidence Review: The USPSTF reviewed the evidence on the effectiveness of interventions to support breastfeeding on breastfeeding initiation, duration, and exclusivity...
October 25, 2016: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Manoel Antonio Dos Santos, Maria Laura de Paula Lopes Pereira-Martins
The tasks of caregiving for children with disabilities involve contextual life stressors. The study aimed to investigate the coping strategies used by parents of children with intellectual disabilities (ID). The search included articles published between 2001 and 2015 on the PubMed, LILACS and PsycINFO databases, using the following key words: intellectual disability, coping, parents, caregivers, family. Thirteen articles were selected, the majority of which adopt a cross-sectional, comparative and quantitative approach...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Fátima Gonçalves Cavalcante, Luciana Ferreira Lau, Gabriella Ferrarese Barbosa, Daniela Lima Gomes Berlim, Natasha Coelho Menezes, Daniela de Carvalho Braga, Annibal Coelho de Amorim, Yuri Cavalcante Amorim
The article analyzes the impact of a documentary on the daily lives of mothers and children with disabilities, exhibited at conferences, festivals, universities and schools in Brazil, Colombia and Japan. Produced by film and health professionals, social scientists and a women's network, the feature film "A special day" was awarded at Assim Vivemos VI International Disability Film Festival (2013-2014). The objective is to analyze the impact of the film and its diffusion among professionals and students from health and education areas...
October 2016: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
Carla Ferreira de Paula Gebara, Cleusa Pinheiro Ferri, Fernanda Monteiro de Castro Bhona, Marcel de Toledo Vieira, Lelio Moura Lourenço, Ana Regina Noto
PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate the psychosocial factors associated with violence by women against their children, using a household survey. METHODS: Households in two neighborhoods in Juiz de Fora, Brazil, with different socioeconomic profiles, were selected through probability sampling and surveyed. A total of 446 women with children up to 18 years of age were interviewed. A sociodemographic questionnaire, the CTSPC (Parent-Child Conflict Tactics Scales), the CES-D (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale) and the AUDIT (Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test) were applied...
October 25, 2016: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
Elizabeth Gathoni Kibaru, Amos Magembe Otara
BACKGROUND: Neonatal mortality has remained high in Kenya despite various efforts being applied to reduce this negative trend. Early detection of neonatal illness is an important step towards improving new born survival. Toward this end there is need for the mothers to be able to identify signs in neonates that signifies severe neonatal illnesses. The objective of the study was to determine the level of knowledge of mothers attending well baby clinics on postnatal neonatal danger signs and determine the associated factors...
October 25, 2016: BMC Research Notes
Karen Wells, Marie McCaig
BACKGROUND: This paper uses a case study to describe the implementation of the Magic Wand Question (MWQ), also known as the miracle question, in a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) in Scotland. The MWQ, a common intervention, is based on a Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) approach. This intervention was undertaken by a third year student nurse with the intention of demonstrating how practice can be more closely aligned to a recovery-focused, strengths-based approach, which is in line with national policy...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing
Maryam Zarkesh, Golaleh Asghari, Parisa Amiri, Nima Hosseinzadeh, Mehdi Hedayati, Arash Ghanbarian, Fereidoun Azizi
BACKGROUND: Since genetic and most environmental factors shape the context of families, some studies have been initiated to investigate the role of familial relationships in metabolic syndrome (MetS). OBJECTIVES: To estimate the familial aggregation of MetS and its components by identifying both case and control probands among Tehranian adults with different socio-behavioral and reproductive characteristics. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This case-controlled/family-based study was conducted on 1,777 families (635 case probands) who participated in the Tehran Lipid and Glucose Study (TLGS)...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Suzan Gunduz, Esma Usak, Tulin Koksal, Metin Canbal
BACKGROUND: Fever is a reliable sign of illness, but it also evokes fear and anxiety. It is not the fever itself but the fear of possible complications and accompanying symptoms that is important for pediatricians and parents. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate maternal understanding of fever, its potential consequences, and impacts on the treatment of children. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A questionnaire was use to explore the attitudes, knowledge, and practices of mothers of 861 children brought to four medical centers in different regions of Turkey in 2012, with fever being the chief complaint...
August 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
Roya Kelishadi, Armindokht Shahsanai, Mostafa Qorbani, Gelayol Ardalan, Parinaz Poursafa, Ramin Heshmat, Mohammad Esmaeil Motlagh
BACKGROUND: Exposure to smoking or passive smoking is one of serious health problems especially in the pediatric age group. OBJECTIVES: To compare the prevalence and determinants of passive smoking in a nationally representative sample of Iranian children and adolescents according to their socioeconomic status (SES). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This nationwide study was conducted in 2011 - 2012 among 14880 students aged 6 - 18 years, living in 30 provinces in Iran...
August 2016: Iranian Journal of Pediatrics
Antonio Riera, Agueda Ocasio, Gunjan Tiyyagura, Anita Thomas, Patricia Goncalves, Lauren Krumeich, Kyle Ragins, Sandra Trevino, Federico E Vaca
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate limited English proficiency (LEP) Latino caregiver asthma knowledge after exposure to an educational video designed for this target group. METHODS: A cross-sectional, interventional study was performed. We aimed to evaluate the post-test impact on asthma knowledge from baseline after exposure to a patient-centered, evidence-based, and professionally produced Spanish asthma educational video. Participants included LEP Latino caregivers of children 2-12 years old with persistent asthma...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Betty S Lai, Ann-Margaret Esnard, Sarah R Lowe, Lori Peek
This article draws on experiences and lessons from global disasters and utilizes the United Nations Comprehensive School Safety Framework to highlight the necessary role of safe schools in protecting children, as well as adult staff, from the immediate threats and long-term implications of disasters. Specifically, we focus on three well-established pillars of school safety: Pillar I: Safe Learning Facilities; Pillar II: Disaster Management; and Pillar III: Risk Reduction and Resilience Education. In addition, we propose a potential fourth pillar, which underscores the function of schools in postdisaster mental health assessment and intervention for children...
December 2016: Current Psychiatry Reports
Manyu Lan, Yaoqiu Kuang
The impact of women's education on fertility is of interest to researchers, particularly in China. However, few studies have provided well-founded assessments of how women's education, workforce experience, and birth control policy jointly affect fertility in China. This study, conducted in Guangdong Province, aimed to analyze how these three factors influenced the timing of births and affected women at different stages of their reproductive lives. We used census data for Guangdong Province (1990, 2000, and 2010) to make cross-sectional age-specific comparisons to examine the effects of women's education and workforce participation on fertility outcomes under China's One Child Policy...
2016: SpringerPlus
Thérésa Lebacq, Cloë Ost, Sarah Bel, Loes Brocatus, Eveline Teppers, Koenraad Cuypers, Jean Tafforeau, Karin A A De Ridder
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence to indicate that regular moderate intensity physical activity is associated with health benefits. Furthermore, sedentary behavior has been related with an increased risk for all-cause mortality. The accurate measurement of physical activity and sedentary behavior is therefore vital to evaluate their health impact and provide evidence for the development of public health recommendations. This paper describes the methodology used for assessing physical activity and sedentary behavior in the Belgian population in the context of the Belgian National Food Consumption Survey 2014 (BNFCS2014)...
2016: Archives of Public Health, Archives Belges de Santé Publique
A Elsous, M Salah, M Ouda
Burns are a serious public health problem among paediatrics. Little is known about the epidemiological profile and outcomes of hospitalized paediatric burns in the Gaza Strip. A cross-sectional retrospective review was conducted of medical records of patients aged 15 years and below, admitted to the Al Alamy burn centre in the Al Shifa Medical Complex from 30 June, 2013 to 01 July, 2014. There were 189 admissions; 124 (65.6%) of them were below 15 years, their mean age ± SD being 4.02 ± 2.85 years. 72 of these cases (58...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
A Rafik, M Lahlou, M Diouri, N Bahechar, A Chlihi
Hand burns in children are common and may lead to debilitating sequelae. Therefore, full functional restoration of the hand is the goal of treatment. To assess the epidemiological, clinical and development aspects of the burns, we conducted a retrospective study over 4 years, from January 2011 to January 2015. It evaluated 313 children suffering from burns and treated at the National Burn and Plastic Surgery Unit of Ibn Richd Teaching Hospital in Casablanca. Most patients were aged 3-6 years (70%), with a slight male predominance...
December 31, 2015: Annals of Burns and Fire Disasters
Martin T Hall, Jordan Wilfong, Ruth A Huebner, Lynn Posze, Tina Willauer
Parents who use opioids and are involved in the child welfare system are less likely to retain custody of their children than parents who use other drugs. No previous studies have described medication-assisted treatment (MAT) utilization and child permanency outcomes for this population. The Sobriety Treatment and Recovery Team (START) model is a child welfare-based intervention focused on families with co-occurring substance use and child abuse / neglect issues. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of MAT utilization among parents in the START program with a history of opioid use, and compared child outcomes for families who received MAT services to those who did not...
December 2016: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Francisco M Morales Rodríguez, María V Trianes Torres, Jesús Miranda Páez, Cándido J Inglés
BACKGROUND: The study of coping strategies in children guarantees quality of life from childhood onwards. The present paper aims to determine the prevalence of coping strategies for three everyday problems in children, while examining sociodemographic variables, context variables, and teacher assessment. METHOD: The sample is composed of 7,058 school children aged between 8 and 13 years old. RESULTS: Results show a higher prevalence of the Active Solution strategy at home and in school contexts compared with the health area, where the Active Solutionis the least prevalent strategy, and Concealing the Problem the most widely used, followed by Passivity...
November 2016: Psicothema
Victoria L Ewing, Rachel Tolhurst, Andrew Kapinda, Esther Richards, Dianne J Terlouw, David G Lalloo
BACKGROUND: This study used qualitative methods to investigate the relationship between geographic access and gendered intra-household hierarchies and how these influence treatment-seeking decision-making for childhood fever within the Chikwawa district of Malawi. Previous cross-sectional survey findings in the district indicated that distance from facility and associated costs are important determinants of health facility attendance in the district. This paper uses qualitative data to add depth of understanding to these findings by exploring the relationship between distance from services, anticipated costs and cultural norms of intra-household decision-making, and to identify potential intervention opportunities to reduce challenges experienced by those in remote locations...
October 24, 2016: Malaria Journal
Natalia Sanchez-Aguadero, Luis Garcia-Ortiz, Maria C Patino-Alonso, Sara Mora-Simon, Manuel A Gomez-Marcos, Rosario Alonso-Dominguez, Benigna Sanchez-Salgado, Jose I Recio-Rodriguez
BACKGROUND: Postprandial glycaemic response affects cognitive and vascular function. The acute effect of breakfast glycaemic index on vascular parameters is not sufficiently known. Also, the influence of breakfasts with different glycaemic index on cognitive performance has been mostly studied in children and adolescents with varying results. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to analyse the postprandial effect of high and low glycaemic index breakfasts on vascular function and cognitive performance and their relationship with postprandial glycaemic response in healthy young adults...
October 24, 2016: Trials
Glen Nielsen, Erik Mygind, Mads Bølling, Camilla Roed Otte, Mikkel Bo Schneller, Jasper Schipperijn, Niels Ejbye-Ernst, Peter Bentsen
BACKGROUND: Education Outside the Classroom (EOTC) is a teaching method that aims to promote schoolchildren's learning, physical activity (PA), social relations, motivation, and well-being. EOTC activities are characterized by teachers using the local environment in their teaching, and involve innovative teaching methods, child-led approaches to problem-solving, experimentation, cooperation, PA, and play. EOTC has become common practice for many teachers in Scandinavia; however, only case studies have evaluated its impacts...
October 24, 2016: BMC Public Health
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