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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166483/processed-and-ultra-processed-food-consumption-among-children-aged-13-to-35-months-and-associated-factors
#1
Mônica Araujo Batalha, Ana Karina Teixeira da Cunha França, Sueli Ismael Oliveira da Conceição, Alcione Miranda Dos Santos, Francelena de Sousa Silva, Luana Lopes Padilha, Antônio Augusto Moura da Silva
The aim of this study was to evaluate the consumption of processed and ultra-processed foods among children aged 13-35 months and its associated factors. We studied 1,185 children within the BRISA cohort in São Luís, Maranhão State, Brazil. The food consumption was investigated using a 24-hour recall, and the percentages of daily caloric intake and nutrients were estimated by food groups according to "NOVA" classification. We chose to categorize children belonging to the upper tertile of the distribution as having a high consumption of processed and ultra-processed food products...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166480/-impact-of-moderate-intellectual-disability-on-the-dynamics-and-quality-of-family-life-a-qualitative-clinical-study
#2
Rodrigo Victor Viana Tomaz, Vanessa de Arruda Santos, Lucimar Retto da Silva de Avó, Carla Maria Ramos Germano, Débora Gusmão Melo
This qualitative clinical study investigated the impact of moderate intellectual disability on family dynamics and quality of life. The data were collected using individual interviews with 15 mothers of children with intellectual disabilities, as a convenience sample, and examined with categorical thematic content analysis. The results were discussed using a comprehensive and interpretative approach. Analysis of the interviews showed that care for children with intellectual disabilities is centered on the mother, contributing to the change in family relations...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166476/-maternal-breastfeeding-and-associated-factors-in-children-under-two-years-the-brazilian-national-health-survey-2013
#3
Thaynã Ramos Flores, Bruno Pereira Nunes, Rosália Garcia Neves, Andrea T Wendt, Caroline Dos Santos Costa, Fernando C Wehrmeister, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi
The objective was to assess the prevalence of maternal breastfeeding and associated factors in Brazilian children under two years of age. This was a cross-sectional nationwide study in 2013. The outcomes were breastfeeding in children under 24 months and exclusive breastfeeding under six months of age. A hierarchical analysis was performed for associated factors. The analyses were stratified by age (0-5 months and 29 days; 6-11 months and 29 days; 12-23 months and 29 days of age). Prevalence of maternal breastfeeding was 56% for the total sample, and as follows according to age: 80% (0-5 months and 29 days), 62...
November 21, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166407/executive-function-assessment-in-new-zealand-2-year-olds-born-at-risk-of-neonatal-hypoglycemia
#4
Judith M Ansell, Trecia A Wouldes, Jane E Harding
A growing number of babies are born with perinatal risk factors that may impair later development. These children are often assessed at 2 years to help predict outcome and direct support services. Executive function is an important predictor of academic achievement and behavior, but there are limited assessments of executive function in 2-year-olds and few have been tested in at-risk populations. Therefore, we developed a battery of four age-appropriate tasks to assess executive function in 2-year-olds. At 24 months' corrected age 368 children completed tasks assessing attention, inhibition, working memory and cognitive flexibility...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166405/child-sex-trafficking-in-the-united-states-challenges-for-the-healthcare-provider
#5
V Jordan Greenbaum
V. Jordan Greenbaum discusses ways healthcare providers can identify children trafficked for sex to provide for their physical and mental health and their social and educational needs.
November 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166189/the-utilization-of-traditional-medicine-to-treat-fever-in-children-in-western-javanese-culture
#6
Tiany Futihat Maulida, Dessie Wanda
Fever regularly affects toddlers and may make their parents uneasy. This study aimed to identify common traditional medicines used by parents to treat their children's fever at home. The study was conducted in Karyasari, Leuwiliang, Bogor District. It was descriptive in design, and the instrument used was a questionnaire developed by the authors. A group of 106 respondents was selected through the cluster sampling method. All respondents were female; the youngest was 20 years old, and the oldest was 53 years old...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166188/enhancement-of-pulmonary-tuberculosis-prevention-behavior-with-role-play-among-elementary-school-students
#7
Evi Supriatun, Astuti Yuni Nursasi, Poppy Fitriyani
Tuberculosis as an infectious disease is increasing in both the number of cases and severity of impact, and the number of cases among school-aged children is also increasing. Health promotion campaigns in schools have not been intensive, and there is poor behavior in tuberculosis prevention. Role play-playing roles actively with provided materials-is one health education method that can empower school-aged children to understand tuberculosis prevention. The purpose of this research is to identify the influence of role playing on tuberculosis transmission prevention in school-aged children...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165143/characteristics-of-stepfamilies-and-maternal-mental-health-compared-with-non-stepfamilies-in-japan
#8
Masako Sugimoto, Yoshie Yokoyama
BACKGROUND: Stepfamilies remain poorly understood in Japanese society, and the support needs of stepfamily mothers are unclear. This study aimed to identify characteristics of stepfamilies and maternal mental health as compared with non-stepfamilies in Japan to utilize as a primary resource for providing effective support through community-based health care for stepfamilies. METHODS: From December 2011 to July 2012, we conducted this questionnaire survey with mothers at 3- and 4-month checkups for infants...
May 18, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165130/determinants-of-polyunsaturated-fatty-acid-concentrations-in-erythrocytes-of-pregnant-japanese-women-from-a-birth-cohort-study-study-protocol-and-baseline-findings-of-an-adjunct-study-of-the-japan-environment-children-s-study
#9
Shoji Saito, Terue Kawabata, Nozomi Tatsuta, Fumiko Kimura, Teruo Miyazawa, Satoshi Mizuno, Hidekazu Nishigori, Takahiro Arima, Yasuo Kagawa, Kouichi Yoshimasu, Kanami Tsuno, Yuki Ito, Michihiro Kamijima, Kunihiko Nakai, Nobuo Yaegashi
BACKGROUND: N-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 PUFA) may have multiple beneficial effects on the outcome of pregnancy, maternal health and child development. The present study introduced the protocol of a birth cohort study to examine the beneficial effects of n-3 PUFA status in pregnant Japanese women as an adjunct study of the Japan Environment and Children's Study (JECS). METHODS: The JECS participants in the coastal areas of Miyagi Prefecture were further invited to participate in this adjunct study, and 1,878 pregnant women were enrolled prior to delivery...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164962/upholding-the-human-right-of-children-in-new-zealand-experiencing-communication-difficulties-to-voice-their-needs-and-dreams
#10
Elizabeth Doell, Sally Clendon
New Zealand Ministry of Education's proposal for an updated service to support children experiencing communication difficulties provides an opportunity to consider the essential criteria required for children to express their opinion, information and ideas as outlined under Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This commentary begins with a summary of key policies that provide strategic direction for enhancing children's rights to be actively involved in the development of services designed to support them and to communicate and participate in inclusive environments...
November 22, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164944/community-context-and-child-health-a-human-capital-perspective
#11
Emily Smith-Greenaway
Human capital theory suggests that education benefits individuals' and their children's health through the educational skills people acquire in school. This perspective may also be relevant at the community level: the greater presence of adults with educational skills in a community may be a reason why living in a more highly educated setting benefits health. I use Demographic and Health Survey data for 30 sub-Saharan African countries to investigate whether the percentage of literate adults-specifically women-in a community is associated with children's likelihood of survival...
September 2017: Journal of Health and Social Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164609/who-benefits-from-adolescent-sleep-interventions-moderators-of-treatment-efficacy-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-a-cognitive-behavioral-and-mindfulness-based-group-sleep-intervention-for-at-risk-adolescents
#12
Matthew J Blake, Laura M Blake, Orli Schwartz, Monika Raniti, Joanna M Waloszek, Greg Murray, Julian G Simmons, Elizabeth Landau, Ronald E Dahl, Dana L McMakin, Paul Dudgeon, John Trinder, Nicholas B Allen
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to test moderators of therapeutic improvement in an adolescent cognitive-behavioral and mindfulness-based group sleep intervention. Specifically, we examined whether the effects of the program on postintervention sleep outcomes were dependent on participant gender and/or measures of sleep duration, anxiety, depression, and self-efficacy prior to the interventions. METHOD: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted with 123 adolescent participants (female = 59...
November 22, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163730/association-between-dental-caries-and-body-mass-index-in-schoolchildren-aged-between-14-and-16-years-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#13
Ahmed Abdullah Alghamdi, Ahmed Almahdy
Background: Dental caries and obesity are multifactorial diseases that have common risk factors. Studies worldwide reported varied outcomes about the association between dental caries and obesity. There is no published study that investigates this association among schoolchildren in Arabic countries. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between dental caries (DMFT) and body mass index (BMI) for children aged between 14 and 16 years old in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The role of oral hygiene habits, parent's education, sugar consumption and physical activity in causing both diseases was also evaluated...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163246/screening-protocol-for-early-identification-of-brazilian-children-at-risk-for-dyslexia
#14
Giseli D Germano, Alexandra B P de C César, Simone A Capellini
Early identification of students at risk of dyslexia has been an educational challenge in the past years. This research had two main goals. First, we aimed to develop a screening protocol for early identification of Brazilian children at risk for dyslexia; second, we aimed to identify the predictive variables of this protocol using Principal Component Analysis. The major step involved in developing this protocol was the selection of variables, which were chosen based on the literature review and linguistic criteria...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162718/delay-between-actuation-and-shaking-of-a-hydrofluoroalkane-fluticasone-pressurized-metered-dose-inhaler
#15
Ariel Berlinski, Dirk von Hollen, John N Pritchard, Ross Hm Hatley
BACKGROUND: Inhaled corticosteroids are used to treat pediatric asthma. The shaking of a pressurized metered-dose inhaler (pMDI) is required to ensure consistency of emitted dose. Delays between shaking and actuating the pMDI are frequent during administration of aerosols to children where a valved holding chamber is used. METHODS: In a recent clinical trial, we used a monitoring device to record shaking and actuation of the pMDI and the inhalation profiles of children with asthma while they were inhaling fluticasone hydrofluoroalkane from a valved holding chamber onto an external filter...
November 21, 2017: Respiratory Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162609/health-of-health-care-workers-in-canadian-nursing-homes-and-pediatric-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Matthias Hoben, Jennifer A Knopp-Sihota, Maryam Nesari, Stephanie A Chamberlain, Janet E Squires, Peter G Norton, Greta G Cummings, Bonnie J Stevens, Carole A Estabrooks
BACKGROUND: Poor health of health care workers affects quality of care, but research and health data for health care workers are scarce. Our aim was to compare physical/mental health among health care worker groups 1) within nursing homes and pediatric hospitals, 2) between the 2 settings and 3) with the physical/mental health of the Canadian population. METHODS: Using cross-sectional data collected as part of the Translating Research in Elder Care program and the Translating Research on Pain in Children program, we examined the health of health care workers...
November 21, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162062/rural-households-at-risk-of-malaria-did-not-own-sufficient-insecticide-treated-nets-at-dabat-hdss-site-evidence-from-a-cross-sectional-re-census
#17
Kindie Fentahun Muchie, Kassahun Alemu, Amare Tariku, Adino Tesfahun Tsegaye, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Mezgebu Yitayal, Tadesse Awoke, Gashaw Andargie Biks
BACKGROUND: Malaria is the leading cause of disease burden across the world, especially in African countries. Ethiopia has designed a five year (2011-2015) plan to cover 100% of the households in malarious areas with one insecticide treated net (ITN) for every two persons, and to raise consistent ITN utilization to at least 80%. However, evidence on ownership of ITN among malarious rural households in northwest Ethiopia is quite limited. Hence, the present study aimed at assessing ownership of ITN and associated factors among rural households at risk of malaria at Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System site, northwest Ethiopia...
November 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162057/translating-a-child-care-based-intervention-for-online-delivery-development-and-randomized-pilot-study-of-go-napsacc
#18
Dianne S Ward, Amber E Vaughn, Stephanie Mazzucca, Regan Burney
BACKGROUND: As part of childhood obesity prevention initiatives, Early Care and Education (ECE) programs are being asked to implement evidence-based strategies that promote healthier eating and physical activity habits in children. Translation of evidence-based interventions into real world ECE settings often encounter barriers, including time constraints, lack of easy-to-use tools, and inflexible intervention content. This study describes translation of an evidence-based program (NAPSACC) into an online format (Go NAPSACC) and a randomized pilot study evaluating its impact on centers' nutrition environments...
November 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161988/improved-cognitive-performance-in-preadolescent-danish-children-after-the-school-based-physical-activity-programme-fifa-11-for-health-for-europe-a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#19
Rune Rasmussen Lind, Svend Sparre Geertsen, Christina Ørntoft, Mads Madsen, Malte Nejst Larsen, Jiri Dvorak, Christian Ritz, Peter Krustrup
OBJECTIVE: Recent studies have shown promising effects of physical activity on cognitive function, but there is a need to investigate this link in real-life settings such as schools. Hence, the objective of the present pilot study was to investigate whether the school-based physical activity programme "FIFA 11 for Health" for Europe could improve cognitive performance in preadolescent Danish children. METHODS: The pilot study used an 11-week cluster-randomised intervention study design...
November 21, 2017: European Journal of Sport Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161156/sense-of-community-among-female-residents-of-a-trauma-informed-sober-living-home
#20
Katie M Edwards, Ellen E Haynes, Kelly M Palmer, Sharon Murphy
BACKGROUND: Substance use disorders (SUDs) and domestic and/or sexual violence (DSV) co-occur at high rates. Although some studies have examined sober living homes (SLHs), no research to date has evaluated SLHs specifically designed for women with histories of SUDS and DSV. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article is to present data from an exploratory analysis of the association between sense of community (SOC) and mental health symptoms within a unique trauma-informed and gender-responsive SLH (i...
November 21, 2017: Substance Use & Misuse
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