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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922817/children-class-and-the-search-for-security-writing-the-future-in-1930s-britain
#1
Hester Barron, Claire Langhamer
This article is based on 269 essays written in 1937 by Middlesbrough schoolboys aged 12-16 years on the topic 'When I leave school', which were collected by the social research organization Mass Observation. The essays provide a counterpoint to social scientific surveys of ordinary people and allow us to work with the boys' own understandings of the world they inhabited. They offer an alternative lens on a period which, at least in relation to the industrial areas of Britain, is often characterized by poverty and unemployment...
September 1, 2017: 20 Century British History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922571/interprofessional-oral-health-initiative-in-a-nondental-american-indian-setting
#2
Kate L Murphy, Laura S Larsson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Tooth decay is the most common chronic childhood disease and American Indian (AI) children are at increased risk. Pediatric primary care providers are in an opportune position to reduce tooth decay. The purpose of this study was to integrate and evaluate a pediatric oral health project in an AI, pediatric primary care setting. METHODS: The intervention set included caregiver education, caries risk assessment, and a same-day dental home referral...
September 18, 2017: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922419/global-services-and-support-for-children-with-developmental-delays-and-disabilities-bridging-research-and-policy-gaps
#3
Pamela Y Collins, Beverly Pringle, Charlee Alexander, Gary L Darmstadt, Jody Heymann, Gillian Huebner, Vesna Kutlesic, Cheryl Polk, Lorraine Sherr, Andy Shih, Dragana Sretenov, Mariana Zindel
Pamela Collins and colleagues explain the research and policy approaches needed globally to ensure children with developmental delays and disabilities are fully included in health and education services.
September 2017: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922319/disparities-in-access-to-care-in-marginalized-populations
#4
Elizabeth A Silberholz, Nicola Brodie, Nancy D Spector, Amy E Pattishall
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews recent literature related to three groups whose health is affected by barriers to the healthcare system: refugee and immigrant populations; youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, or questioning; and those with mental health problems. RECENT FINDINGS: Refugee and immigrant populations are increasing worldwide, and recent work has focused on improving their access to mental, dental, and preventive care...
September 15, 2017: Current Opinion in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922307/safe-summers-adapting-evidence-based-injury-prevention-into-a-summer-curriculum
#5
Melody Schaeffer, Claire Cioni, Nicole Kozma, Catherine Rains, Greta Todd
BACKGROUND: Unintentional injury is the leading cause of death for those aged 0 to 19. St. Louis Children's Hospital created Safety Land, a comprehensive injury prevention intervention which is provided during summer months. This program uses a life-size board game to teach safety education to children in ages 5-11. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of Safety Land on safety knowledge in children that participated in the intervention. METHODS: St...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922262/sugar-in-infants-children-and-adolescents-a-position-paper-of-the-european-society-for-paediatric-gastroenterology-hepatology-and-nutrition-committee-on-nutrition
#6
Nataša Fidler Mis, Christian Braegger, Jiri Bronsky, Cristina Campoy, Magnus Domellöf, Nicholas D Embleton, Iva Hojsak, Jessie Hulst, Flavia Indrio, Alexandre Lapillonne, Walter Mihatsch, Christian Molgaard, Rakesh Vora, Mary Fewtrell
The consumption of sugars, particularly sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs; beverages or drinks that contain added caloric sweeteners (i.e. sucrose, high-fructose corn syrup, fruit-juice concentrates), in European children and adolescents exceeds current recommendations. This is of concern because there is no nutritional requirement for free sugars, and infants have an innate preference for sweet taste, which may be modified and reinforced by pre- and postnatal exposures. Sugar containing beverages/free sugars increase the risk for overweight/obesity and dental caries, can result in poor nutrient supply and reduced dietary diversity and may be associated with increased risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus, cardiovascular risk, and other health effects...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922080/factors-associated-with-residential-mobility-during-pregnancy
#7
Doris K Amoah, Vikki Nolan, George Relyea, James G Gurney, Xinhua Yu, Frances A Tylavsky, Fawaz Mzayek
Our objective was to determine the factors associated with residential moving during pregnancy, as it may increase stress during pregnancy and affect birth outcomes. Data were obtained from the Conditions Affecting Neurocognitive Development and Learning in Early Childhood (CANDLE) study. Participants were recruited from December 2006 to June 2011 and included 1,448 pregnant women. The average gestational age at enrollment was 23 weeks. The primary outcome of residential mobility was defined as any change in address during pregnancy...
September 18, 2017: Women & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921775/what-can-parents-self-report-of-reading-difficulties-tell-us-about-their-children-s-emergent-literacy-at-school-entry
#8
Zahra Esmaeeli, Kjersti Lundetrae, Fiona E Kyle
Research has linked family risk (FR) of reading difficulties (RD) with children's difficulties in emergent literacy development. This study is the first to apply parents' self-report of RD as a proxy for FR in a large sample (n = 1171) in order to test group differences in children's emergent literacy. Emergent literacy, the home literacy environment and children's interest in literacy and letters were compared across different groups of FR children around the school entry. The FR children performed lower in emergent literacy compared with not-FR children...
September 18, 2017: Dyslexia: the Journal of the British Dyslexia Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921621/-but-we-want-to-work-the-movement-of-child-workers-in-peru-and-the-actions-for-reducing-child-labor
#9
Isidro Maya Jariego
The program Edúcame Primero (Educate Me First) is an evidence-based practice for eradicating child labor that has been applied with positive results in Colombia, Peru, and several Central American countries. In this article, we describe the difficulties of implementing the program in two poor areas of Lima (Peru) between 2014 and 2016. Specifically, we discuss three ethical challenges faced during the implementation of the program: (a) the existence of a movement of working children that defends the right of children to work; (b) the polarization of some community-based associations and government institutions on how to deal with the problems of working children; and (c) the use of network indicators in the evaluation of the community's level of cohesion...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28921544/commentary-so-was-it-worth-it-a-commentary-on-fricke-et%C3%A2-al-and-hagen-et%C3%A2-al-2017
#10
Elspeth McCartney
Fricke et al. and Hagen et al. (2017) each report on large-scale pragmatic randomised controlled trials delivered in schools or nurseries, investigating language interventions for vulnerable children and showing moderate positive effect sizes. Such research is part of a recent development of 'what works' research in England, and the number of 'what works' trials continues to increase, largely through funding from the Sutton Trust, who are concerned with disadvantaged children, to the Educational Endowment Foundation (EEF)...
October 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920520/greek-public-s-ambivalence-toward-refugee-children-education
#11
Helen Lazaratou, Marina Economou, Dimitris Dikeos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28920456/child-sexual-abuse-prevention-opportunities-parenting-programs-and-the-reduction-of-risk
#12
Julia Rudolph, Melanie J Zimmer-Gembeck, Dianne C Shanley, Russell Hawkins
To date, child sexual abuse (CSA) prevention has relied largely on child-focused education, teaching children how to identify, avoid, and disclose sexual abuse. The purpose of this article is to explore how prevention opportunities can include parents in new and innovative ways. We propose that parents can play a significant role as protectors of their children via two pathways: (i) directly, through the strong external barriers afforded by parent supervision, monitoring, and involvement; and (ii) indirectly, by promoting their children's self-efficacy, competence, well-being, and self-esteem, which the balance of evidence suggests will help them become less likely targets for abuse and more able to respond appropriately and disclose abuse if it occurs...
January 1, 2017: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919764/levetiracetam-is-associated-with-decrease-in-subclinical-epileptiform-discharges-and-improved-cognitive-functions-in-pediatric-patients-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Minjian Wang, Li Jiang, Xiaoju Tang
OBJECTIVE: Subclinical epileptiform discharges (SEDs) are common in pediatric patients with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but the effect of antiepileptic drugs on SEDs in ASD remains inconclusive. This physician-blinded, prospective, randomized controlled trial investigated an association between the anticonvulsant drug levetiracetam and SEDs in children with ASD. METHODS: A total of 70 children with ASD (4-6 years) and SEDs identified by electroencephalogram were randomly divided into two equal groups to receive either levetiracetam and educational training (treatment group) or educational training only (control)...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919666/the-selection-of-preschool-for-immigrant-and-native-born-latino-families-in-the-united-states
#14
Arya Ansari
With the national push to expand preschool education, there has been growing interest in understanding why Latino families are enrolled in preschool at lower rates than non-Latino families. This study applied the accommodations model by Meyers and Jordan (2006) to the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort (n = 5,850) to provide a more nuanced understanding of the preschool selection of U.S.- and foreign-born Latino families. Results from this investigation underscored the similarities and differences that existed in the selection behaviors of different groups of families, while also highlighting important differences within the Latino population...
2017: Early Childhood Research Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919574/variation-in-generational-perceptions-of-child-health-and-well-being
#15
Gary L Freed, Matthew M Davis, Dianne C Singer, Acham Gebremariam, Sara L Schultz, Amilcar Matos-Moreno, Mark Wietecha
OBJECTIVE: To assess adults' perceptions regarding the health and well-being of children today relative to their own health and well-being as youth and the potential for intergenerational differences in those perceptions. METHODS: A cross-sectional, internet-based survey of a nationally representative household sample. The study was conducted using GfK Custom Research's web-enabled KnowledgePanel®, a probability-based panel representative of the U.S. POPULATION: We assessed perceptions of children's health and well-being today compared to when respondents were growing up including (1) physical and mental health and (2) children's education, exercise, diet, health care, safety of communities and emotional support from families, groups and organizations...
September 12, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919202/parenting-practices-and-overweight-status-of-junior-high-school-students-in-china-a-nationally-representative-study-of-19-487-students-from-112-schools
#16
Zhengqi Tan, Jungwon Min, Hong Xue, Weidong Wang, Youfa Wang
The study aimed to examine the level of parental responsiveness and demandingness for junior high students in China and its association with child weight status; assess if it differs by student socio-demographic characteristics; and to test the association between parenting and child physical activity. Nationally representative survey data collected from 19,487 students in 112 middle schools across China in 2013-2014 academic year were analyzed in 2016. Children's anthropometrics and perceptions of parenting practices were accessed by self-administered questionnaire...
September 14, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28919116/global-regional-and-national-age-sex-specific-mortality-for-264-causes-of-death-1980-2016-a-systematic-analysis-for-the-global-burden-of-disease-study-2016
#17
(no author information available yet)
BACKGROUND: Monitoring levels and trends in premature mortality is crucial to understanding how societies can address prominent sources of early death. The Global Burden of Disease 2016 Study (GBD 2016) provides a comprehensive assessment of cause-specific mortality for 264 causes in 195 locations from 1980 to 2016. This assessment includes evaluation of the expected epidemiological transition with changes in development and where local patterns deviate from these trends. METHODS: We estimated cause-specific deaths and years of life lost (YLLs) by age, sex, geography, and year...
September 16, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918760/effects-of-a-school-readiness-intervention-on-hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal-axis-functioning-and-school-adjustment-for-children-in-foster-care
#18
Alice M Graham, Katherine C Pears, Hyoun K Kim, Jacqueline Bruce, Philip A Fisher
Maltreated children in foster care are at high risk for dysregulated hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning and educational difficulties. The present study examined the effects of a short-term school readiness intervention on HPA axis functioning in response to the start of kindergarten, a critical transition marking entry to formal schooling, and whether altered HPA axis functioning influenced children's school adjustment. Compared to a foster care comparison group, children in the intervention group showed a steeper diurnal cortisol slope on the first day of school, a pattern previously observed among nonmaltreated children...
September 18, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918308/appropriateness-of-different-pedagogical-approaches-to-road-safety-education-for-children-with-developmental-coordination-disorder-dcd
#19
C Purcell, A R Romijn
BACKGROUND: In 2016, 29% of pedestrians killed or seriously injured on the roads in Great Britain were under 15 years of age. Children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD), a chronic disorder affecting the acquisition and execution of motor skills, may be more vulnerable at the roadside than typically developing (TD) children. Current methods used to teach road safety are typically knowledge-based and do not necessarily improve behaviour in real traffic situations. Virtual reality road crossing tasks may be a viable alternative...
September 14, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917242/comprehensive-school-based-intervention-to-control-overweight-and-obesity-in-china-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Haiquan Xu, Yanping Li, Qian Zhang, Xiaoqi L Hu, Ailing Liu, Songming Du, Tingyu Li, Hongwei Guo, Ying Li, Guifa Xu, Weijia Liu, Jun Ma, Guansheng Ma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: With prevalence of childhood obesity increasing rapidly, developing of effective and sustainable intervention strategies is becoming more and more important for the prevention of childhood obesity in China. A trial was developed to evaluate the effect of comprehensive school-based intervention on childhood obesity. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multi-center cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted among urban children (n=9,867) aged 6-13 years in 38 primary schools from six large cities...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
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