keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Native fruitS

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334323/interspecific-competition-between-ceratitis-capitata-and-two-bactrocera-spp-diptera-tephritidae-evaluated-via-adult-behavioral-interference-under-laboratory-conditions
#1
Hui Liu, Can Zhang, Bo-Hua Hou, Ge-Cheng Ou-Yang, Jun Ma
The Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann), is considered one of the most invasive tephritid species. It has spread and established populations successfully throughout many of the tropical temperate regions, partially owing to the increase in global trading activity that facilitates diffusion of species. However, C. capitata has never been detected in China, even though some areas of the country have favorable climate and ample food resources. Historically, some researchers have hypothesized that the principal reasons for its absence are the defenses mounted by native Bactrocera species against C...
March 15, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333432/ald-alumina-passivated-silicon-nanowires-probing-the-transition-from-electrochemical-double-layer-capacitor-to-electrolytic-capacitors
#2
Dorian Gaboriau, Maxime Boniface, Anthony Valero, Dmitry Aldakov, Thierry Brousse, Pascal Gentile, Said Sadki
Silicon nanowires were coated by a 1-5 nm thin alumina layer by Atomic Layer Deposition in order to replace poorly reproducible and unstable native silicon oxide by a highly conformal passivating alumina layer. The surface coating enabled probing the behavior of symmetric devices using such electrodes in EMI-TFSI electrolyte, allowing to attain a large cell voltage up to 6 V in ionic liquid, together with very high cyclability with less than 4% capacitance fade after 106 charge/discharge cycles. These results yielded fruitful insights on the transition between an electrochemical double-layer capacitor behavior and an electrolytic capacitor behavior...
March 23, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323903/global-potential-distribution-of-drosophila-suzukii-diptera-drosophilidae
#3
Luana A Dos Santos, Mayara F Mendes, Alexandra P Krüger, Monica L Blauth, Marco S Gottschalk, Flávio R M Garcia
Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) is a species native to Western Asia that is able to pierce intact fruit during egg laying, causing it to be considered a fruit crop pest in many countries. Drosophila suzukii have a rapid expansion worldwide; occurrences were recorded in North America and Europe in 2008, and South America in 2013. Due to this rapid expansion, we modeled the potential distribution of this species using the Maximum Entropy Modeling (MaxEnt) algorithm and the Genetic Algorithm for Ruleset Production (GARP) using 407 sites with known occurrences worldwide and 11 predictor variables...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28323391/metagenomic-analysis-reveals-changes-of-the-drosophila-suzukii-microbiota-in-the-newly-colonised-regions
#4
Isabel Martinez-Sañudo, Mauro Simonato, Andrea Squartini, Nicola Mori, Laura Marri, Luca Mazzon
The spotted wing drosophila, Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) (Diptera: Drosophilidae) is a highly polyphagous pest of a wide variety of wild or cultivated berry and stone fruit. Originating from Southeast Asia, it has recently invaded a wide range of regions in Europe and North-America. It is well known that insect microbiotas may significantly influence several aspects of the host biology and play an important role in invasive species introduction into new areas. However, in spite of the great economic importance of D...
March 21, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322142/enhanced-release-of-immunostimulating-%C3%AE-1-3-glucan-by-autodigestion-of-the-lingzhi-medicinal-mushroom-ganoderma-lingzhi-agaricomycetes
#5
Yuina Ishimoto, Ken-Ichi Ishibashi, Daisuke Yamanaka, Yoshiyuki Adachi, Hisatomi Ito, Kentaro Igami, Toshitsugu Miyazaki, Naohito Ohno
Ganoderma lingzhi is a widely used medicinal mushroom that has antioxidative effects, ameliorates insulin resistance, and improves quality of life in patients with metabolic syndrome. Potentiation of immunity is also a major function of G. lingzhi, and this has been applied in patients with cancer. Supplementing G. lingzhi into foods reduced the metastasis of cancer cells. β-l,3-glucan is an important bioactive component of G. lingzhi. In this study we enhanced the solubilization ofimmunostimulating β-l,3-glucan by autodigestion of G...
2017: International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319798/cold-plasma-activated-hydrogen-peroxide-aerosol-inactivates-escherichia-coli-o157-h7-salmonella-typhimurium-and-listeria-innocua-and-maintains-quality-of-grape-tomato-spinach-and-cantaloupe
#6
Yunbin Jiang, Kimberly Sokorai, Georgios Pyrgiotakis, Philip Demokritou, Xihong Li, Sudarsan Mukhopadhyay, Tony Jin, Xuetong Fan
The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of aerosolized hydrogen peroxide in inactivating bacteria and maintaining quality of grape tomatoes, baby spinach leaves and cantaloupes. Stem scars and smooth surfaces of tomatoes, spinach leaves, and cantaloupe rinds, inoculated with Escherichia coli O157:H7, Salmonella Typhimurium and Listeria innocua, were treated for 45s followed by additional 30min dwell time with hydrogen peroxide (7.8%) aerosols activated by atmospheric cold plasma. Non-inoculated samples were used to study the effects on quality and native microflora populations...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298674/using-high-hydrostatic-pressures-to-retain-the-antioxidant-compounds-and-to-reduce-the-enzymatic-activity-of-a-pitaya-pineapple-stenocereus-sp-fragaria-ananassa-beverage
#7
Luisaldo Sandate-Flores, Magdalena de J Rostro-Alanis, Elena Ivonne Mancera-Andrade, Diego A Esquivel-Hernandez, Carlos Brambila-Paz, Roberto Parra-Saldívar, Jorge Welti-Chanes, Zamantha Escobedo-Avellaneda, José Rodríguez-Rodríguez
Pitaya (Stenocereus sp.) is a fruit native to arid and semiarid areas of Mexico. It has high antioxidant activity mainly due to its contents of betalains and phenolics, but its consumption is limited due to very short shelf-life and not very recognized flavor. A beverage of pitaya and pineapple was formulated to improve sensory properties. A high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) study at 400-600 MPa and 25 °C for 2-10 min was applied in the beverage and the effect on the contents of vitamin C, total phenolics and betalains, and the pectin methylesterase (PME) activity of pitaya-pineapple beverages, was evaluated...
March 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28291348/isolation-of-native-proanthocyanidins-from-grapevine-vitis-vinifera-and-other-fruits-in-aqueous-buffer
#8
Jean-Marc Brillouet, Hélène Fulcrand, Stéphanie Carrillo, Laurent Rouméas, Charles Romieu
Condensed tannins (also called proanthocyanidins) present in strategic tissues of fruits (outer pericarp and vascular bundles) were known as short polymers of flavan-3-ols. A pretreatment of the plant material (fruits from the grapevine, persimmon) with buffered ascorbic acid and Triton X-100 followed by acetone extraction provided native white fully depolymerizable tannins. Tannins are usually extracted with aqueous solvents and further purified, although artifactual oxidations occur, altering their physicochemical characteristics...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290314/acute-and-subacute-oral-toxicity-assessment-of-the-oil-extracted-from-attalea-phalerata-mart-ex-spreng-pulp-fruit-in-rats
#9
Fernando Freitas de Lima, Giseli Karenina Traesel, Sara Emilia Lima Tolouei Menegati, Ariany Carvalho Dos Santos, Roosevelt Isaias Carvalho Souza, Vinícius Soares de Oliveira, Eliana Janet Sanjinez-Argandoña, Claudia Andrea Lima Cardoso, Silvia Aparecida Oesterreich, Maria do Carmo Vieira
Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng., popularly known as "bacuri", is a native plant from the brazilian Cerrado and used in folk medicine as a pulmonary decongestant, an anti-inflammatory for joints and antipyretic. There is an expectation about the use in chronic disease of the Attalea phalerata oil since its composition is high in carotenoids and beneficial fatty acids. The aim of the study was to evaluate the toxicological profile of the oil extracted from Attalea phalerata Mart. ex Spreng. pulp (APO). Acute and subacute toxicity studies were performed in male and female Wistar rats according to the OECD - Guidelines 425 and 407...
January 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28287443/high-hydrostatic-pressure-hhp-induced-structural-modification-of-patatin-and-its-antioxidant-activities
#10
Rizwan Elahi, Tai-Hua Mu
Patatin represents a group of homologous primary storage proteins (with molecular weights ranging from 40 kDa to 45 kDa) found in Solanum tuberosum L. This group comprises 40% of the total soluble proteins in potato tubers. Here, patatin (40 kDa) was extracted from potato fruit juice using ammonium sulfate precipitation (ASP) and exposed to high hydrostatic pressure (HHP) treatment (250, 350, 450, and 550 MPa). We investigated the effect of HHP treatment on the structure, composition, heat profile, and antioxidant potential, observing prominent changes in HHP-induced patatin secondary structure as compared with native patatin (NP)...
March 10, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259673/unexplored-endemic-fruit-species-from-brazil-antibiofilm-properties-insights-into-mode-of-action-and-systemic-toxicity-of-four-eugenia-spp
#11
Janaina de Cássia Orlandi Sardi, Irlan Almeida Freires, Josy Goldoni Lazarini, Juliana Infante, Severino Matias de Alencar, Pedro Luiz Rosalen
Brazilian endemic fruit species have aroused attention due to their highly valuable, yet unexplored, agro-industrial, food and therapeutic potential. Herein, we describe the antifungal activity of four Eugenia spp. against Candida albicans biofilms, and further demonstrate insights into their potential mode(s) of action and toxicity in vitro and in vivo. Extracts from different parts (seeds, pulps, leaves) of E. leitonii (EL), E. brasiliensis (EB), E. myrcianthes (EM) and E. involucrata (EI) were obtained (S23°23',W45°39') and chemically characterized by GC/MS...
March 1, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28249700/a%C3%A3-ai-euterpe-oleracea-mart-dietary-intake-affects-plasma-lipids-apolipoproteins-cholesteryl-ester-transfer-to-high-density-lipoprotein-and-redox-metabolism-a-prospective-study-in-women
#12
Daniela Pala, Priscila Oliveira Barbosa, Carla Teixeira Silva, Melina Oliveira de Souza, Fatima Rodrigues Freitas, Ana Carolina Pinheiro Volp, Raul Cavalcante Maranhão, Renata Nascimento de Freitas
The açai fruit (Euterpe oleracea Martius), which is native to the Brazilian Amazon region, was shown to have high polyphenols and MUFA contents. In this study, we aimed to assess the effects of açai consumption on plasma lipids, apolipoproteins, the transfer of lipids to HDL (which is a relevant HDL function), and some biomarkers of redox metabolism. Forty healthy volunteer women aged 24 ± 3 years consumed 200 g of açai pulp/day for 4 weeks; their clinical variables and blood sample were obtained before and after this period...
February 8, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229436/purification-and-characterization-of-a-novel-ubiquitin-like-antitumour-protein-with-hemagglutinating-and-deoxyribonuclease-activities-from-the-edible-mushroom-ramaria-botrytis
#13
Rong Zhou, Ya-Jie Han, Min-Hui Zhang, Ke-Ren Zhang, Tzi Bun Ng, Fang Liu
A novel ubiquitin-like antitumour protein (RBUP) was isolated from fruiting bodies of the edible mushroom Ramaria botrytis. The protein was isolated with a purification protocol involving ion exchange chromatography on DEAE-Sepharose fast flow and gel filtration on Sephadex G-75. SDS-PAGE, Native-PAGE and ultracentrifugation analysis disclosed that RBUP was a monomeric protein with a molecular weight of 18.5 kDa. ESI-MS/MS demonstrated that it shared 69% amino acid sequence similarity with Coprinellus congregates ubiquitin (gi|136667)...
December 2017: AMB Express
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186459/bioactivity-of-carotenoids-chasms-of-knowledge
#14
Torsten Bohn
Carotenoid dietary intake, especially within fruits/vegetables and their plasma levels have been associated in many epidemiological studies with a reduced risk of several chronic diseases, including type-2 diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, several types of cancer, and agerelated macular degeneration. However, intervention trials with isolated carotenoids (as supplements) have fallen short of fulfi lling the hopes that were placed in these lipophilic pigments, often producing no positive or even adverse effects, such as increased lung cancer rate or total mortality...
February 10, 2017: International Journal for Vitamin and Nutrition Research. Journal International de Vitaminologie et de Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142223/cryphonectria-parasitica-the-causal-agent-of-chestnut-blight-invasion-history-population-biology-and-disease-control
#15
Daniel Rigling, Simone Prospero
Chestnut blight, caused by Cryphonectria parasitica, is a devastating disease infecting American and European chestnut trees. The pathogen is native to East Asia and was spread to other continents via infected chestnut plants. This review summarizes the current state of research on this pathogen with a special emphasis on its interaction with a hyperparasitic mycovirus that acts as a biological control agent of chestnut blight. Taxonomy: Cryphonectria parasitica (Murr.) Barr. is a Sordariomycete (ascomycete) fungus in the family Cryphonetriaceae (Order Diaporthales)...
January 31, 2017: Molecular Plant Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28135718/ecosystem-restoration-strengthens-pollination-network-resilience-and-function
#16
Christopher N Kaiser-Bunbury, James Mougal, Andrew E Whittington, Terence Valentin, Ronny Gabriel, Jens M Olesen, Nico Blüthgen
Land degradation results in declining biodiversity and the disruption of ecosystem functioning worldwide, particularly in the tropics. Vegetation restoration is a common tool used to mitigate these impacts and increasingly aims to restore ecosystem functions rather than species diversity. However, evidence from community experiments on the effect of restoration practices on ecosystem functions is scarce. Pollination is an important ecosystem function and the global decline in pollinators attenuates the resistance of natural areas and agro-environments to disturbances...
February 9, 2017: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129731/geographic-variation-in-the-spotted-wing-drosophila-drosophila-suzukii-diptera-drosophilidae-based-on-mitochondrial-dna-sequences
#17
Deuk-Soo Choi, Jeong Sun Park, Min Jee Kim, Jong Seok Kim, Su Yeon Jeong, Jun Seong Jeong, Jinyoung Park, Iksoo Kim
The spotted-wing drosophila (SWD), Drosophila suzukii (Diptera: Drosophilidae), is an economically damaging pest that feeds on most thin-skinned fruits. It was originally native to a few Asian countries, including Korea, but is now found in North America and Europe. In this study, we sequenced portions of the mitochondrial (mt) COI and ND4 genes from a total of 195 individuals collected mainly from Korea. We then combined GenBank-registered COI sequences from all ancestral-range and introduced-range populations with our own COI data to assess the worldwide diversity, divergence, and relatedness of SWD haplotypes...
January 27, 2017: Mitochondrial DNA. Part A. DNA Mapping, Sequencing, and Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115900/assessment-of-drying-characteristics-and-texture-in-%C3%A2-relation-with-micromorphological-traits-of-carob-%C3%A2-ceratonia-silliqua-l-pods-and-seeds
#18
Maja Benković, Siniša Srečec, Ingrid Bauman, Damir Ježek, Sven Karlović, Dario Kremer, Ksenija Karlović, Renata Erhatić
Carob tree (Ceratonia siliqua L.) is a perennial leguminous evergreen tree native to the coastal regions of the Mediterranean basin and is considered to be an important component of vegetation for economic and environmental reasons. Two constituents of the pod, pulp and seeds, can be used as feed or in food production. In this study, drying characteristics, texture and microstructure of carob pods were studied. Three different carob samples were prepared: whole carob pod, carob pod parts and carob seed. The drying experiments and the modelling showed that carob seeds had the highest drying rate, followed by pod parts and the whole, intact carob fruit...
December 2016: Food Technology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110962/%C3%AE-l-rhamnosidase-selective-for-rutin-to-isoquercitrin-transformation-from-penicillium-griseoroseum-mtcc-9224
#19
Sarita Yadav, Sudha Yadava, Kapil D S Yadav
An α-l-rhamnosidase secreting fungal strain has been isolated from the decaying goose berry (Emblica officinalis) fruit peel. The fungal strain has been identified as Penicillium greoroseum MTCC-9224. The α-l-rhamnosidase of this fungal strain has been purified to homogeneity using a simple procedure involving concentration by ultra filtration and an anion exchange chromatography on DEAE-cellulose. The purified enzyme gave a single protein band corresponding to molecular mass of 97kDa in SDS-PAGE analysis...
January 5, 2017: Bioorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106710/banana-passion-fruit-passiflora-mollissima-kunth-l-h-bailey-microencapsulation-phytochemical-composition-and-antioxidant-capacity
#20
Almudena García-Ruiz, Amadeo Girones-Vilaplana, Paola León, Diego A Moreno, Carla M Stinco, Antonio J Meléndez-Martínez, Jenny Ruales
Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H. Bailey is an exotic fruit native to South America, known as taxo in Ecuador. This paper characterizes its flavonoid and carotenoid composition and antioxidant capacity and evaluates the effect of the spray-drying process on its phytochemical composition and antioxidant capacity. A total of 18 flavonoid compounds, nine proanthocyanidins and nine flavan-3-ol monomers, were identified and quantified. Glycosides of (epi)-afzelechin stood out as the most abundant flavonoid. Three carotenoids were identified, with β-carotene having the highest concentration...
January 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
keyword
keyword
99400
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"