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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157188/store-owners-as-potential-agents-of-change-energy-drinks-in-the-interior-of-alaska
#1
Janet M Wojcicki, Peter de Schweinitz
Childhood obesity disproportionately impacts disadvantaged communities, including Alaska Native children. In part, lack of access to fresh fruits and vegetables and over consumption of sugar sweetened beverages including energy drinks contribute to excessive weight gain in Alaska Native youth. This commentary reports the possibility of storeowners and workers partnering with community members to limit sales of nutrient-poor energy drinks through point-of-sale counselling in rural communities in the interior of Alaska...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152169/land-use-types-influenced-avian-assemblage-structure-in-a-forest-agriculture-landscape-in-ghana
#2
Justus Precious Deikumah, Richard Kwafo, Vida Asieduwaa Konadu
The conservation of biodiversity within tropical forest regions does not lie only in the maintenance of natural forest areas, but on conservation strategies directed toward agricultural land types within which they are embedded. This study investigated variations in bird assemblages of different functional groups of forest-dependent birds in three agricultural land types, relative to distance from the interior of 34 tropical forest patches of varying sizes. Point counts were used to sample birds at each study site visited...
November 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137491/characterization-of-biochemical-traits-of-dog-rose-rosa-canina-l-ecotypes-in-the-central-part-of-iran
#3
Milad Javanmard, Hossein Ali Asadi-Gharneh, Pejman Nikneshan
Dog rose (Rosa canina L.) is a wild native species in Iran, with a significant genetic diversity. This plant serves as a rich source of vitamin C, anthocyanins, phenolic contents and carotenoids. Rose hips have been used in several food products, as well as perfumery and cosmetics industries. In this research, we investigate biochemical characteristics of five dog rose ecotypes (Kopehjamshid, Zarneh, Miyankish, Aghcheh and Sadeghiyeh), that were collected from the central part of Iran (Isfahan province). Amounts of vitamin C, total carotenoids, total phenolic contents, total anthocyanins, macro and micro minerals were measured...
November 14, 2017: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126184/bark-and-ambrosia-beetle-curculionidae-scolytinae-diversity-found-in-agricultural-and-fragmented-forests-in-piracicaba-sp-brazil
#4
Carla Sandoval Rodríguez, Anthony I Cognato, Ciro Abbud Righi
Land use changes and forest fragmentation result in biodiversity loss and displacement, with insects among the most affected groups. Among these, bark beetles (Curculionidae: Scolytinae) occupy a prominent position due to their close ties to food resources, i.e., trees, and importance as primary decomposers in forest ecosystems. Therefore, our study aimed to document scolytine biodiversity associated with landscape components that vary based on their physical or botanical composition. Bark beetle diversity was sampled monthly for 12 mo in an Atlantic forest remnant and five adjacent vegetation plots (mixed Agroforestry System-AFS, of native trees and fruit species; AFS of rubber trees and coffee plants; coffee monoculture; rubber monoculture; and pasture)...
November 8, 2017: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125907/risk-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-development-in-the-native-population-of-low-and-high-altitude-regions-of-kyrgyzstan-finnish-diabetes-risc-score-questionnaire-results
#5
Marina S Moldobaeva, Anastasiya V Vinogradova, Marina K Esenamanova
Moldobaeva, Marina S., Anastasiya V. Vinogradova, and Marina K. Esenamanova. Risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus development in the native population of low- and high-altitude regions of Kyrgyzstan: Finnish Diabetes Risc Score questionnaire results. High Alt Med Biol. 00:000-000, 2017. OBJECTIVE: The number of patients with diabetes is steadily growing, but likely only half of all cases are ever identified. The Kyrgyz, native inhabitants of Central Asia, live in the mountainous area and have a particular lifestyle and nutrition...
November 10, 2017: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29111566/complete-sequence-and-comparative-analysis-of-the-chloroplast-genome-of-plinia-trunciflora
#6
Maria Eguiluz, Priscila Mary Yuyama, Frank Guzman, Nureyev Ferreira Rodrigues, Rogerio Margis
Plinia trunciflora is a Brazilian native fruit tree from the Myrtaceae family, also known as jaboticaba. This species has great potential by its fruit production. Due to the high content of essential oils in their leaves and of anthocyanins in the fruits, there is also an increasing interest by the pharmaceutical industry. Nevertheless, there are few studies focusing on its molecular biology and genetic characterization. We herein report the complete chloroplast (cp) genome of P. trunciflora using high-throughput sequencing and compare it to other previously sequenced Myrtaceae genomes...
November 6, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107206/efficient-antibacterial-nanosponges-based-on-zno-nanoparticles-and-doxycycline
#7
Diego F Suárez, Ana P F Monteiro, Daniele C Ferreira, Frederico D Brandão, Klaus Krambrock, Luzia V Modolo, Maria E Cortés, Rubén D Sinisterra
Bacterial soft rot is responsible for the loss of about 25% of worldwide production in vegetables and fruits. Efforts have been made to develop an effective nanosponge with the capacity to load and release antibacterial drugs to protect plants. Based on the potential of the ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO-NPs) to achieve this goal, this study synthesized NP via the sol-gel and hydrothermal methods by controlling native defects, such as oxygen vacancies, using thermal treatments and reduced atmospheres. To characterize the ZnO NPs, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Raman spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), optical spectroscopy, electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR), Zeta Potential measurements and surface area with the Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) method were used...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29088999/antioxidant-antihyperglycemic-and-antidyslipidemic-effects-of-brazilian-native-fruit-extracts-in-an-animal-model-of-insulin-resistance
#8
Juliane de Souza Cardoso, Pathise Souto Oliveira, Natália Pontes Bona, Flávia Aleixo Vasconcellos, Jucimara Baldissarelli, Marcia Vizzotto, Mayara Sandrielly Pereira Soares, Vanessa Plasse Ramos, Roselia Maria Spanevello, Claiton Leoneti Lencina, Rejane Giacomelli Tavares, Francieli Moro Stefanello
OBJECTIVE: Insulin resistance (IR) plays an important role in the development of many diseases, such as diabetes mellitus. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of the extracts from fruits native to Brazil on metabolic parameters and hepatic oxidative markers in an animal model of insulin resistance induced by dexamethasone (DEX). METHODS: Wistar rats received water or extracts of Eugenia uniflora or Psidium cattleianum, once a day for 21 days...
October 31, 2017: Redox Report: Communications in Free Radical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081821/flavonoid-composition-and-biological-activities-of-ethanol-extracts-of-caryocar-coriaceum-wittm-a-native-plant-from-caatinga-biome
#9
Daniela Ribeiro Alves, Selene Maia de Morais, Fernanda Tomiotto-Pellissier, Milena Menegazzo Miranda-Sapla, Fábio Roger Vasconcelos, Isaac Neto Goes da Silva, Halisson Araujo de Sousa, João Paulo Assolini, Ivete Conchon-Costa, Wander Rogério Pavanelli, Francisco das Chagas Oliveira Freire
Caryocar coriaceum fruits, found in Brazilian Cerrado and Caatinga, are commonly used as food and in folk medicine, as anti-inflammatory, bactericide, fungicide, leishmanicide, and nematicide. Due to the biological potential of this plant, this study focuses on the evaluation of antifungal and antileishmanial activities, including anticholinesterase and antioxidant tests, correlating with total phenols and flavonoids content. Peel extracts contain higher yield of phenols and flavonoids as analyzed by spectrophotometric methods...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075478/unsuccessful-introduced-biocontrol-agents-can-act-as-pollinators-of-invasive-weeds-bitou-bush-chrysanthemoides-monilifera-ssp-rotundata-as-an-example
#10
Caroline L Gross, Joshua D Whitehead, Camila Silveira de Souza, David Mackay
The extent of self-compatibility and reliance on pollinators for seed set are critical determinants of reproductive success in invasive plant species. Seed herbivores are commonly used as biocontrol agents but may also act as flower visitors, potentially resulting in pollination. However, such contrasting or potentially counterproductive interaction effects are rarely considered or evaluated for biological control programs. We investigated the breeding system and pollinators of Bitou Bush (Chrysanthemoides monilifera ssp...
October 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072970/dipteryx-alata-vogel-may-improve-lipid-profile-and-atherogenic-indices-in-wistar-rats-dipteryx-alata-and-atherogenic-indices
#11
Adriana Maria Ragassi Fiorini, Sandra Maria Barbalho, Élen Landgraf Guiguer, Marie Oshiiwa, Claudemir Gregório Mendes, Rogério Lopes Vieites, Agnaldo Bruno Chies, Priscilla Bianca de Oliveira, Maricelma da Silva Soares de Souza, Claudia Cristina T Nicolau
Worldwide prevalence of noncommunicable chronic degenerative diseases is among the main causes of death worldwide. The consumption of some foods such as nuts and seeds may be beneficial in preventing these diseases. Dipteryx alata Vogel (DA), known popularly as Baru, belongs to the family Fabaceae and is a native fruit tree from the Brazilian savanna. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of seeds of DA on the metabolic and oxidative profile of Wistar rats. Animals were divided randomly into four groups (n = 10): G1 (control group), and G2 (treated with DA 20%), G3 (treated with DA 30%), and G4 (treated with DA 40%)...
November 2017: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062804/effect-of-the-methanolic-extracts-of-different-parts-of-ferula-assa-foetida-on-naloxone-induced-withdrawal-behavior-in-morphine-dependent-mice
#12
Mahnaz Khanavi, Sajad Maadani, Behnaz Farahanikia, Mahdieh Eftekhari, Mohammad Sharifzadeh
OBJECTIVE: Ferula assa-foetida, a native species in Iran, is used for treatment of several diseases particularly for neurological disorders in Iranian Traditional Medicine. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of methanolic roots, fruits, and aerial parts extracts of Ferula assa-foetida on withdrawal syndrome in morphine-dependent mice. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Aerial parts, roots, and fruits of the plant were separately extracted with 80% MeOH. For induction of dependence, morphine (50, 50 and 75 mg/kg) was injected subcutaneously three times daily (10 am, 1 pm and 4 pm) for three days and a last dose of morphine (50 mg/kg) was administrated on the fourth day...
September 2017: Avicenna Journal of Phytomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29054119/pollinator-independent-orchid-attracts-biotic-pollinators-due-the-production-of-lipoidal-substances
#13
E R Pansarin, P J Bergamo, M J Ferreira-Caliman
● Flowering plants often depend on the attraction of biotic pollinators for sexual reproduction. Consequently, the emergence and maintenance of selected floral attributes related to pollinator attraction and rewarding are driven by pollinators pressures. ● In this paper we explore the effect of pollinators, rainfall, and temperature and air humidity on the reproduction of a Brazilian terrestrial orchid, Cranichis candida based on data of phenology, flower resources, olfactory and visual attraction cues, pollinators and breeding system...
October 20, 2017: Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052965/from-vineyard-to-winery-a-source-map-of-microbial-diversity-driving-wine-fermentation
#14
Peter Morrison-Whittle, Matthew R Goddard
Humans have been making wine for thousands of years and microorganisms play an integral part in this process as they not only drive fermentation, but also significantly influence the flavour, aroma, and quality of finished wines. Since fruits are ephemeral, they cannot comprise a permanent microbial habitat; thus, an age-old unanswered question concerns the origin of fruit and ferment associated microbes. Here we use next-generation sequencing approaches to examine and quantify the roles of native forests, vineyard soil, bark, and fruit habitats as sources of fungal diversity in ferments...
October 20, 2017: Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036177/dietary-patterns-in-internal-migrants-in-a-continental-country-a-population-based-study
#15
Antonio Augusto Ferreira Carioca, Bartira Gorgulho, Juliana Araujo Teixeira, Regina Mara Fisberg, Dirce Maria Marchioni
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the differences and similarities in dietary patterns among migrants and natives. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional study was conducted in the city of São Paulo. The study population included internal migrants, defined as individuals born outside São Paulo city who had lived in the city for ten years or longer. The final population (n = 999) was divided into three groups: natives of São Paulo (n = 354), migrants from the Southeast (n = 349) and migrants from the Northeast (n = 296)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033964/management-of-fruit-species-in-urban-home-gardens-of-argentina-atlantic-forest-as-an-influence-for-landscape-domestication
#16
Violeta Furlan, María L Pochettino, Norma I Hilgert
Home gardens are considered germplasm repositories and places for experimentation, thus they are key sites for the domestication of plants. Domestication is considered a constant process that occurs along a continuum from wild to managed to domesticated populations. Management may lead to the modification of populations and in other cases to their distribution, changing population structure in a landscape. Our objective is focused on the management received in home gardens by perennial species of fruits. For this, the management practices applied to native and exotic perennial fruits species by a group of 20 women in the periurban zone of Iguazú, Argentina, were analyzed...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023010/bio-controlling-effect-of-leaf-extract-of-tagetes-patula-l-marigold-on-growth-parameters-and-diseases-of-tomato
#17
Gayatri Nahak, Rajani Kanta Sahu
BACKGROUND: The genus Tagetes (Asteraceae) is native to Americas but some of its members (in particular T. erecta and T. patula) commonly known as marigolds were naturalized in the old world (India, North Africa and Europe) as early as in 16th century. The flowers of French marigold (Tagetes patula L.) are widely used in folk medicine, in particular for treating inflammation-related disorders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study investigated the potential use of marigold (Tagetes patula L...
2017: Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences: PJBS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993925/microhabitat-use-of-the-western-black-crested-gibbon-inhabiting-an-isolated-forest-fragment-in-southern-yunnan-china-implications-for-conservation-of-an-endangered-species
#18
Qingyong Ni, Zongli Liang, Meng Xie, Huailiang Xu, Yongfang Yao, Mingwang Zhang, Yan Li, Ying Li, Xuelong Jiang
Due to the synergistic effects of hunting and habitat loss, populations of the western black-crested gibbon are currently restricted to isolated forest fragments. The home range use of this species in fragmented forests is presumptively related to spatial, food and vegetation attributes, as in other primates. We examined the distributions of different food resources, the structure of the vegetation (tree density, DBH, and height), and the microhabitat use of one gibbon group in an isolated and disturbed forest at Bajiaohe in southern Yunnan, China...
October 9, 2017: Primates; Journal of Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991356/antioxidant-capacity-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-of-various-ecotypes-of-mexican-plum-spondias-purpurea-l
#19
Juan Manuel Villa-Hernández, Gabriela Mendoza-Cardoso, José Alberto Mendoza-Espinoza, Cristián Vela-Hinojosa, Fernando Díaz de León-Sánchez, Fernando Rivera-Cabrera, Irán Alia-Tejacal, Laura J Pérez-Flores
Spondias purpurea L. is a fruit native to Mexico, however, it is found as far away as Brazil. It possesses a high commercial potential owing to its sensorial and nutritional qualities and its low cost of production. There exists a variety of ecotypes that have not been characterized and their adequate selection process, according to their strongest functional characteristics, will allow the establishment of improvement programs for this genetic resource. The object of this study was the chemical characterization and the determination of the in vitro and in vivo antioxidant capacity of 7 Spondias purpurea L...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984438/engineering-the-genetic-code-in-cells-and-animals-biological-considerations-and-impacts
#20
Lei Wang
Expansion of the genetic code allows unnatural amino acids (Uaas) to be site-specifically incorporated into proteins in live biological systems, thus enabling novel properties selectively introduced into target proteins in vivo for basic biological studies and for engineering of novel biological functions. Orthogonal components including tRNA and aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase (aaRS) are expressed in live cells to decode a unique codon (often the amber stop codon UAG) as the desired Uaa. Initially developed in E...
October 6, 2017: Accounts of Chemical Research
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