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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28106710/banana-passion-fruit-passiflora-mollissima-kunth-l-h-bailey-microencapsulation-phytochemical-composition-and-antioxidant-capacity
#1
Almudena García-Ruiz, Amadeo Girones-Vilaplana, Paola León, Diego A Moreno, Carla M Stinco, Antonio J Meléndez-Martínez, Jenny Ruales
Passiflora mollissima (Kunth) L.H. Bailey is an exotic fruit native to South America, known as taxo in Ecuador. This paper characterizes its flavonoid and carotenoid composition and antioxidant capacity and evaluates the effect of the spray-drying process on its phytochemical composition and antioxidant capacity. A total of 18 flavonoid compounds, nine proanthocyanidins and nine flavan-3-ol monomers, were identified and quantified. Glycosides of (epi)-afzelechin stood out as the most abundant flavonoid. Three carotenoids were identified, with β-carotene having the highest concentration...
January 17, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098183/seasonal-and-regional-presence-of-hymenopteran-parasitoids-of-drosophila-in-switzerland-and-their-ability-to-parasitize-the-invasive-drosophila-suzukii
#2
Valery Knoll, Thomas Ellenbroek, Jörg Romeis, Jana Collatz
Since its introduction into Europe the invasive Drosophila suzukii has established and spread widely, thereby entering habitats populated by native Drosophila species and their natural enemies. The highly prolific D. suzukii will likely interact with these species as a competitor, host or prey. To investigate potential interactions of D. suzukii with parasitoids, a field survey was conducted across several fruit-growing regions in Switzerland in two consecutive years. Eight species of hymenopteran parasitoids were collected using D...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28091760/characteristics-of-green-blue-fluorescence-generated-from-the-adaxial-sides-of-leaves-of-tree-species
#3
Masayoshi Nakayama, Tsukasa Iwashina
We discovered that some tree species have leaves whose adaxial sides show bright green-blue fluorescence upon exposure to ultraviolet irradiation. In total, 141 native Japanese species belonging to 47 families were analyzed, and the brightness of the leaf fluorescence, represented by the L* values (Lab color space) of the pictures, was evaluated. The species possessing the brightest fluorescent leaves, with L* > 50, were Camellia japonica, Camellia sasanqua, and Cleyera japonica of Theaceae, Osmanthus heterophyllus and Ligustrum japonicum of Oleaceae, Aucuba japonica of Garryaceae, and Trochodendron aralioides of Trochodendraceae...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Plant Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088491/toxicogenetic-study-of-persea-americana-fruit-pulp-oil-and-its-effect-on-genomic-instability
#4
Heloiza Diniz Nicolella, Francisco Rinaldi Neto, Mariana Beltrame Corrêa, Danillo Henrique Lopes, Edilaura Nunes Rondon, Luiz Felipe Ribeiro Dos Santos, Pollyanna Francielli de Oliveira, Jaqueline Lopes Damasceno, Nathália Oliveira Acésio, Izabel Cristina Casanova Turatti, Marcos Gomide Tozatti, Wilson Roberto Cunha, Ricardo Andrade Furtado, Denise Crispim Tavares
Persea americana Mill., commonly known as avocado, is a tree native to Central America that is widely used as a food source and for the treatment of diseases. This plant has various biological properties such as analgesic, anti-inflammatory and total cholesterol-lowering activity. In view of its pharmacological potential, we conducted a toxicogenetic study of the fruit pulp oil of P. americana (PAO) and investigated its influence on genotoxicity induced by methyl methanesulfonate (MMS) and doxorubicin. V79 cells and Swiss mice were used for the assays...
January 11, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28078712/comparative-study-on-fatty-acid-composition-of-olive-olea-europaea-l-with-emphasis-on-phytosterol-contents
#5
Ali Ozkan, Hassan Y Aboul-Enein, Muhittin Kulak, Recep Bindak
The present study was designed to determine the fatty acid composition and phytosterol contents of Turkish native olive cultivars namely (Kilis Yağlık and Nizip Yağlık cv.). In this context, olive fruits from thirty-four locations were sampled and then screened for their components in comparison. Fifteen different fatty acids were found in both olive oils. In the order of abundance, the most important ones were: oleic acid (18:1) > palmitic acid (16:0) > linoleic acid (18:2) > stearic acid (18:0)...
January 12, 2017: Biomedical Chromatography: BMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067841/lectin-digestibility-and-stability-of-elderberry-antioxidants-to-heat-treatment-in-vitro
#6
Pilar Jiménez, Patricia Cabrero, Damian Cordoba-Diaz, Manuel Cordoba-Diaz, Manuel Garrosa, Tomás Girbés
Elderberry contains healthy low molecular weight nutraceuticals and lectins which are sequence-related to the elderberry allergen Sam n1. Some of these lectins are type II ribosome-inactivating proteins. The sensitivity of native lectins present in elderberry fruits and bark to the proteolysis triggered by in vitro simulated gastric and duodenal fluids has been investigated. It was found that these lectins are refractory to proteolysis. Nonetheless, incubation for 5-10 min in a boiling water bath completely sensitized them to the hydrolytic enzymes in vitro...
January 6, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067424/human-pathogens-in-plant-biofilms-formation-physiology-and-detection
#7
REVIEW
Eduardo Ximenes, Lori Hoagland, Seockmo Ku, Xuan Li, Michael Ladisch
Fresh produce, viewed as an essential part of a healthy life style, usually consumed in the form of raw or minimally processed fruits and vegetables, is a potentially important source of food-borne disease including human pathogenic bacteria and viruses. These are passed on to the consumer since the bacteria can form biofilms or otherwise populate plant tissues, thereby using plants as vectors to infect animal hosts. The life cycle of the bacteria in plants differs from those in animals or humans and results in altered physiochemical and biological properties (e...
January 9, 2017: Biotechnology and Bioengineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054305/mexican-fruit-fly-populations-in-the-semi-arid-highlands-of-the-sierra-madre-oriental-in-northeastern-mexico
#8
V Vanoye-Eligio, A Mora-Olivo, G Gaona-García, F Reyes-Zepeda, M Rocandio-Rodríguez
The Mexican fruit fly, Anastrepha ludens Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), is one of the most important pests of citrus in Mexico. We report the results of an analysis of A. ludens populations that inhabit the semi-arid highlands of the Sierra Madre Oriental in northeastern Mexico. This study aimed to provide information on population fluctuation of A. ludens and how it relates to climate variables, as well as insights into habitat and native parasitoids. Population peaked in the period July-November when ripe fruits of the wild host, Casimiroa pubescens Ramírez, were available...
January 4, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035682/invasive-plant-alters-community-and-ecosystem-dynamics-by-promoting-native-predators
#9
Lauren M Smith-Ramesh
Placing invasion in a more complete food-web context expands our understanding of species invasions to reflect the inherent complexity of ecological networks. Garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolata) has traditionally been predicted to dominate native communities through mechanisms embodied in popular hypotheses such as direct plant-plant interactions (allelopathy) and plant-herbivore interactions (enemy escape). However, garlic mustard also interacts directly with native predators by providing habitat for web-building spiders, which colonize the dry fruit structures (siliques) that garlic mustard leaves behind after it senesces...
December 30, 2016: Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028089/wolbachia-in-parasitoids-attacking-native-european-and-introduced-eastern-cherry-fruit-flies-in-europe
#10
Hannes Schuler, Peter Kern, Wolfgang Arthofer, Heidrun Vogt, Maximilian Fischer, Christian Stauffer, Markus Riegler
The eastern cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cingulata Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an economically important pest of cherries in North America. In 1983 it was first reported in Europe where it shares its ecological niche with the native European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi L. (Diptera: Tephritidae). Their coexistence in Europe led to the recent horizontal transmission of the Wolbachia strain wCer1 from R. cerasi to R. cingulata Horizontal Wolbachia transmission is mediated by either sharing of ecological niches or by interacting species such as parasitoids...
December 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018000/development-of-protein-fortified-mango-based-ready-to-serve-beverage
#11
Deep N Yadav, R K Vishwakarma, Sanket Borad, Sangita Bansal, Arvind K Jaiswal, Monika Sharma
Fruit drinks contain negligible amount of protein as nutritional component. Fortification of fruit drinks with protein is a challenge due to protein stability in acidic and ionic environment. Mango ready-to-serve (RTS) beverage was fortified with modified whey protein and its rheological properties were studied. Whey protein was hydrolysed with papain to improve its stability in acidic medium. The water holding capacity of whey protein increased about two times after hydrolysis. Hydrolysed and native whey protein was used at 2, 3 and 4% levels for fortification of mango based RTS beverage...
October 2016: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013250/ecological-disequilibrium-drives-insect-pest-and-pathogen-accumulation-in-non-native-trees
#12
REVIEW
Casparus J Crous, Treena I Burgess, Johannes J Le Roux, David M Richardson, Bernard Slippers, Michael J Wingfield
Non-native trees have become dominant components of many landscapes, including urban ecosystems, commercial forestry plantations, fruit orchards, and as invasives in natural ecosystems. Often, these trees have been separated from their natural enemies (i.e. insects and pathogens) leading to ecological disequilibrium, that is, the immediate breakdown of historically co-evolved interactions once introduced into novel environments. Long-established, non-native tree plantations provide useful experiments to explore the dimensions of such ecological disequilibria...
December 23, 2016: AoB Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009867/essential-oils-of-three-cow-parsnips-composition-and-activity-against-nosocomial-and-foodborne-pathogens-and-food-contaminants
#13
Ljuboš Ušjak, Silvana Petrović, Milica Drobac, Marina Soković, Tatjana Stanojković, Ana Ćirić, Marjan Niketić
Although some widespread, native cow parsnips (Heracleum L. spp., Apiaceae) had broad medicinal and culinary applications throughout history, the knowledge about their volatile constituents is insufficient. This work investigates the composition and bioactivities of H. sphondylium L. (HSPH), H. sibiricum L. (HSIB) and H. montanum Schleich. ex Gaudin (HMON) essential oils. The composition was tested by GC and GC-MS. (Z)-β-Ocimene was the most abundant in HSPH (28.9%) and HMON (20.4%) root oils, while in HSIB root oil, β-pinene (26...
December 23, 2016: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27936081/comparative-analysis-of-fruit-metabolites-and-pungency-candidate-genes-expression-between-bhut-jolokia-and-other-capsicum-species
#14
Sarpras M, Rashmi Gaur, Vineet Sharma, Sushil Satish Chhapekar, Jharna Das, Ajay Kumar, Satish Kumar Yadava, Mukesh Nitin, Vijaya Brahma, Suresh K Abraham, Nirala Ramchiary
Bhut jolokia, commonly known as Ghost chili, a native Capsicum species found in North East India was recorded as the naturally occurring hottest chili in the world by the Guinness Book of World Records in 2006. Although few studies have reported variation in pungency content of this particular species, no study till date has reported detailed expression analysis of candidate genes involved in capsaicinoids (pungency) biosynthesis pathway and other fruit metabolites. Therefore, the present study was designed to evaluate the diversity of fruit morphology, fruiting habit, capsaicinoids and other metabolite contents in 136 different genotypes mainly collected from North East India...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929430/biological-activities-of-extracts-from-loquat-eriobotrya-japonica-lindl-a-review
#15
REVIEW
Yilong Liu, Wenna Zhang, Changjie Xu, Xian Li
Loquat (Eriobotrya japonica Lindl.) is a subtropical fruit tree with high medicinal value native to China. Different organs of loquat have been used historically as folk medicines and this has been recorded in Chinese history for thousands of years. Research shows that loquat extracts contain many antioxidants, and different extracts exhibit bioactivity capable of counteracting inflammation, diabetes, cancer, bacterial infection, aging, pain, allergy and other health issues. Bioactive compounds such as phenolics and terpenoids have been isolated and characterized to provide a better understanding of the chemical mechanisms underlying the biological activities of loquat extracts...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832144/global-potential-distribution-of-bactrocera-carambolae-and-the-risks-for-fruit-production-in-brazil
#16
Cesar A Marchioro
The carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera carambolae, is a tephritid native to Asia that has invaded South America through small-scale trade of fruits from Indonesia. The economic losses associated with biological invasions of other fruit flies around the world and the polyphagous behaviour of B. carambolae have prompted much concern among government agencies and farmers with the potential spread of this pest. Here, ecological niche models were employed to identify suitable environments available to B. carambolae in a global scale and assess the extent of the fruit acreage that may be at risk of attack in Brazil...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822323/inhibitory-effect-of-actinidia-arguta-on-mutagenesis-inflammation-and-two-stage-mouse-skin-tumorigenesis
#17
Mari Nishimura, Yuma Okimasu, Naoko Miyake, Misako Tada, Ryoko Hida, Tomoe Negishi, Sakae Arimoto-Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Actinidia arguta, known as sarunashi in Japan, is a vine tree native to east-Asia, including Japan, that produces small fruit rich in anthocyanins, catechins, vitamin C, chlorophyll, beta-carotene and other polyphenols. RESULTS: Our study revealed the inhibitory effect of the juice of A. arguta (arguta-juice) toward the mutagenicity of food-derived carcinogens and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using the Ames test, and antioxidant activity of arguta-juice as determined using a free radical scavenging assay...
2016: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818232/the-genetics-of-exceptional-longevity-identifies-new-druggable-targets-for-vascular-protection-and-repair
#18
REVIEW
Annibale A Puca, Gaia Spinetti, Rosa Vono, Carmine Vecchione, Paolo Madeddu
Therapeutic angiogenesis is a relatively new medical strategy in the field of cardiovascular diseases. The underpinning concept is that angiogenic growth factors or proangiogenic cells could be exploited therapeutically in cardiovascular patients to enhance native revascularization responses to an ischemic insult, thereby accelerating tissue healing. The initial enthusiasm generated by preclinical studies has been tempered by the modest success of clinical trials assessing therapeutic angiogenesis. Similarly, proangiogenic cell therapy has so far not maintained the original promises...
December 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813596/genetic-variability-analysis-of-byrsonima-crassifolia-germplasm-collected-in-par%C3%A3-state-using-issr-markers
#19
S M Rodrigues, E F Moura, G K S Ramos, M S P Oliveira
Native of the Amazon, the nanche (Byrsonima crassifolia) is a fruit cultivated by family farmers and used in cooking; as such, it represents an opportunity for regional agribusiness. The Embrapa Eastern Amazon set up an active germplasm bank (BAG) consisting of 22 accessions sampled in 11 municipalities of Pará State. Due to its economic potential, there is an interest to advance the genetic breeding program of this species. The aim of this study was to characterize the BAG nanche collection using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers...
October 17, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811682/cryptophlebia-walsingham-1900-thaumatotibia-zacher-1915-and-archiphlebia-komai-horak-2006-in-australia-lepidoptera-tortricidae-olethreutinae-grapholitini
#20
Marianne Horak, Furumi Komai
The Australian species of the grapholitine genera Cryptophlebia Walsingham, 1900, Thaumatotibia Zacher, 1915 and Archiphlebia Komai & Horak, 2006, are revised, described and illustrated. A key to species is provided. Five named species of Cryptophlebia, C. ombrodelta (Lower), C. iridosoma (Meyrick), C. rhynchias (Meyrick) and C. pallifimbriana Bradley, are redescribed and three new species, C. wraggae, sp. nov., C. stigmata, sp. nov., and C. caulicola, sp. nov., are described. Cryptophlebia amblyopa Clarke, described from Micronesia, is synonymised with C...
October 31, 2016: Zootaxa
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