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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779261/better-diet-quality-is-associated-with-lower-odds-of-severe-periodontitis-in-us-hispanics-latinos
#1
Christian R Salazar, Nadia Laniado, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Luisa N Borrell, Qibin Qi, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Douglas E Morse, Richard H Singer, Robert C Kaplan, Victor Badner, Ira B Lamster
AIM: We investigated the cross-sectional association between diet quality and severe periodontitis in a sample of diverse Hispanics from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 13,920 Hispanic/Latinos aged 18-74 years of different heritages underwent a full-mouth oral examination and completed two 24hr dietary recalls during 2008-2011. Severe periodontitis was defined as having ≥30% tooth sites with clinical attachment loss ≥ 5mm...
May 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29767736/pollination-of-granadilla-passiflora-ligularis-benefits-from-large-wild-insects
#2
Catalina Gutiérrez-Chacón, Felix Fornoff, Rodulfo Ospina-Torres, Alexandra-Maria Klein
The contribution of wild pollinators to food production has recently been assessed for many crops, although it remains unclear for several tropical crops. Granadilla (Passiflora ligularis Juss), a crop native to the tropical Andes, is one such crop where a gap exists regarding comprehensive knowledge about its pollination system. In a field experiment in the Colombian Andes, we 1) describe flower visitors in terms of visit quantity (visitation rate) and quality (touches of flower-reproductive structures), 2) assess the pollination system by comparing fruit set and fruit weight per flower in three pollination treatments: pollinator exclusion, open pollination, and supplementary pollination, and 3) evaluate pollination deficits (difference between open and supplementary pollination) in relation to pollinator density...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29736910/preharvest-factors-related-to-sensory-profile-of-passiflora-setacea-nectars-a-wild-passion-fruit-from-brazilian-savannah
#3
Mariana Veras Oliveira de Carvalho, Lívia de Lacerda de Oliveira, Lauro Melo, Ana Maria Costa
BACKGROUND: Passiflora setacea D.C is a passion fruit species native from Brazilian savannah characterized by naturally sweet sensory characteristics. Sensory quality of the pulp can be affected by growing environment. The effect of training systems (trellis or espalier), seasons (the weather conditions in periods of drought and rain) and addition of seeds to the juice (25%) were evaluated, with emphasis on the sensory quality of Passiflora setacea nectars. RESULTS: Training systems of P...
May 8, 2018: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734686/-buchanania-obovata-functionality-and-phytochemical-profiling-of-the-australian-native-green-plum
#4
Selina A Fyfe, Gabriele Netzel, Michael E Netzel, Yasmina Sultanbawa
The green plum is the fruit of Buchanania obovata Engl. and is an Australian Indigenous bush food. Very little study has been done on the green plum, so this is an initial screening study of the functional properties and phytochemical profile found in the flesh and seed. The flesh was shown to have antimicrobial properties effective against gram negative ( Escherichia coli 9001—NCTC) and gram positive ( Staphylococcus aureus 6571—NCTC) bacteria. Scanning electron microscopy analysis shows that the antimicrobial activity causes cell wall disintegration and cytoplasmic leakage in both bacteria...
May 4, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29723960/field-trapping-bactrocera-latifrons-diptera-tephritidae-with-select-eugenol-analogs-that-have-been-found-to-attract-other-non-responsive-fruit-fly-species
#5
Grant T McQuate, Jane E Royer, Charmaine D Sylva
Bactrocera latifrons (Hendel) (Diptera: Tephritidae) is a pest fruit fly species native to Oriental Asia which has invaded and established in Hawaii and Tanzania and has been recovered in detection trapping in California. It is largely non-responsive to the male lures cuelure and methyl eugenol. Alpha-ionol + cade oil is a moderately effective male B. latifrons attractant, but is not as attractive as cuelure or methyl eugenol are to other fruit fly species. An improved attractant is therefore desired. With the recent success in finding other non-responsive fruit fly species attracted to isoeugenol, methyl-isoeugenol, or dihydroeugenol in Australia and other countries, we wanted to assess whether B...
May 1, 2018: Insects
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722843/diet-quality-among-us-born-and-foreign-born-non-hispanic-blacks-nhanes-2003-2012-data
#6
Alison G M Brown, Robert F Houser, Josiemer Mattei, Colin D Rehm, Dariush Mozaffarian, Alice H Lichtenstein, Sara C Folta
Background: Non-Hispanic blacks in the United States are less likely to not meet national dietary recommendations than non-Hispanic whites; however, most studies do not consider nativity of US blacks. Objective: With the use of the Alternative Healthy Eating Index-2010 (AHEI-2010) and the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) scores, this cross-sectional study compared diet quality between US-born (n = 3,911) and foreign-born (n = 408) non-Hispanic black adults aged 22-79 y, based on pooled nationally representative data (NHANES 2003-2012) as well as by length of US residency...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29715052/antiproliferative-activity-of-extracts-of-campomanesia-adamantium-cambess-o-berg-and-isolated-compound-dimethylchalcone-against-b16-f10-murine-melanoma
#7
Magalli C B Lima E Silva, Danielle Bogo, Caroline A F Alexandrino, Renata T Perdomo, Patrícia de O Figueiredo, Pamela R do Prado, Fernanda R Garcez, Monica C T Kadri, Thalita V N Ximenes, Rita de Cassia A Guimarães, Ulana C Sarmento, Maria Lígia R Macedo
Campomanesia adamantium, a native species of the Brazilian Cerrado, is characterized as a natural source of phenolic compounds and has known potential anticancer activities. This study aimed to evaluate the chemical profile of dichloromethane extracts of pulp (DEGPU) and peel (DEGPE) from the fruits of C. adamantium and to identify compounds with antiproliferative effects in vitro against melanoma cells by sulforhodamine B (SRB) assay, apoptosis induction assay, caspase-3 activation assay, nitric oxide (NO) release in coculture of B16-F10 cells and murine peritoneal macrophages...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Medicinal Food
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706576/antifungal-activity-of-gallesia-integrifolia-fruit-essential-oil
#8
Keila Fernanda Raimundo, Wanessa de Campos Bortolucci, Jasmina Glamočlija, Marina Soković, José Eduardo Gonçalves, Giani Andrea Linde, Nelson Barros Colauto, Zilda Cristiani Gazim
Gallesia integrifolia (Phytolaccaceae) is native to Brazil and has a strong alliaceous odor. The objective of this study was to identify the chemical composition of G. integrifolia fruit essential oil and evaluate fungicidal activity against the main food-borne diseases and food spoilage fungi. The essential oil was extracted by hydrodistillation and identified by GC-MS. From 35 identified compounds, 68% belonged to the organosulfur class. The major compounds were dimethyl trisulfide (15.49%), 2,8-dithianonane (52...
April 12, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Microbiology: [publication of the Brazilian Society for Microbiology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29695116/phenolic-profiling-and-antioxidant-capacity-of-eugenia-uniflora-l-pitanga-samples-collected-in-different-uruguayan-locations
#9
Ignacio Migues, Nieves Baenas, Amadeo Gironés-Vilaplana, María Verónica Cesio, Horacio Heinzen, Diego A Moreno
The use of nutrient-rich foods to enhance the wellness, health and lifestyle habits of consumers is globally encouraged. Native fruits are of great interest as they are grown and consumed locally and take part of the ethnobotanic knowledge of the population. Pitanga is an example of a native fruit from Uruguay, consumed as a jelly or an alcoholic beverage. Pitanga has a red-violet pigmentation, which is a common trait for foods that are a good source of antioxidants. Hence, fruits from different Uruguayan regions were analyzed via miniaturized sample preparation method, HPLC-DAD-ESI/MSn and RP-HPLC-DAD techniques to identify and quantify phenolic compounds, respectively...
April 24, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692954/-kindia-pavetteae-rubiaceae-a-new-cliff-dwelling-genus-with-chemically-profiled-colleter-exudate-from-mt-gangan-republic-of-guinea
#10
Martin Cheek, Sékou Magassouba, Melanie-Jayne R Howes, Tokpa Doré, Saïdou Doumbouya, Denise Molmou, Aurélie Grall, Charlotte Couch, Isabel Larridon
A new genus Kindia (Pavetteae, Rubiaceae) is described with a single species, Kindia gangan , based on collections made in 2016 during botanical exploration of Mt Gangan, Kindia, Republic of Guinea in West Africa. The Mt Gangan area is known for its many endemic species including the only native non-neotropical Bromeliaceae Pitcairnia feliciana . Kindia is the fourth endemic vascular plant genus to be described from Guinea . Based on chloroplast sequence data, the genus is part of Clade II of tribe Pavetteae...
2018: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684414/examining-variability-in-parent-feeding-practices-within-a-low-income-racially-ethnically-diverse-and-immigrant-population-using-ecological-momentary-assessment
#11
Jerica M Berge, Allan Tate, Amanda Trofholz, Katie Loth, Michael Miner, Scott Crow, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer
BACKGROUND: Current measures of parent feeding practices are typically survey-based and assessed as static/unchanging characteristics, failing to account for fluctuations in these behaviors across time and context. The current study uses ecological momentary assessment to examine variability of, and predictors of parent feeding practices within a low-income, racially/ethnically diverse, and immigrant sample. METHODS: Children ages 5-7 years old and their parents (n = 150 dyads) from six racial/ethnic groups (n = 25 from each; Black/African American, Hispanic, Hmong, Native American, Somali, White) were recruited for this mixed-methods study through primary care clinics...
April 20, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681972/-in-vitro-bioactivity-of-methanolic-extracts-from-amphipterygium-adstringens-schltdl-schiede-ex-standl-chenopodium-ambrosioides-l-cirsium-mexicanum-dc-eryngium-carlinae-f-delaroche-and-pithecellobium-dulce-roxb-benth-used-in-traditional-medicine-in-mexico
#12
Peter Knauth, Gustavo J Acevedo-Hernández, M Eduardo Cano, Melesio Gutiérrez-Lomelí, Zaira López
Seven out of eight methanolic extracts from five plants native to Mexico were inactive against ten bacterial strains of clinical interest. The fruit extract of Chenopodium ambrosioides inhibited the bacteria Enterococcus faecalis (MIC = 4375  μ g/ml), Escherichia coli (MIC = 1094  μ g/ml), and Salmonella typhimurium (MIC = 137  μ g/ml). The fruit extract of C. ambrosioides was with CC50 = 45  μ g/ml most cytotoxic against the cell-line Caco-2, followed by the leaf extract from Pithecellobium dulce (CC50 = 126  μ g/ml); interestingly, leaves of C...
2018: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29656164/lignolytic-mushroom-lenzites-elegans-wdp2-laccase-production-characterization-and-bioremediation-of-synthetic-dyes
#13
Raj Kumar Pandey, Salil Tewari, Lakshmi Tewari
A mycoremedial study was undertaken for decolourization of synthetic dyes using wood rot fungal culture Lenzites elegans WDP2. The culture was isolated from decaying wood as fruiting body, and identified on the basis of 5.8S ITS rRNA gene sequence analysis. Qualitative plate screening of culture showed extracellular laccase and lignin peroxidase production, while only laccase enzyme was produced in higher amount (156.793 Uml-1 ) in minimal salt broth medium containing glucose and veratryl alcohol. Laccase activity was increased up to 189...
April 12, 2018: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29655760/psidium-cattleianum-fruits-a-review-on-its-composition-and-bioactivity
#14
REVIEW
Elisa Dos Santos Pereira, Juliana Vinholes, Rodrigo C Franzon, Gabriel Dalmazo, Márcia Vizzotto, Leonardo Nora
Psidium cattleianum Sabine, commonly known as araçá, is a Brazilian native fruit, which is very juicy, with sweet to sub acid pulp and a spicy touch. The fruit can be eaten fresh or processed into juice, jellies and ice creams. Araçás are source of vitamin C, minerals, fatty acids, polysaccharides, volatile compounds, carotenoids and phenolic compounds, which can provide nutrients and phytochemical agents with different biological functions. Different pharmacological studies demonstrate that P. cattleianum exerts antioxidant, antidiabetic, anticarcinogenic, antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory and antiaging effects...
August 30, 2018: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649154/chemical-and-nutritional-composition-of-terminalia-ferdinandiana-kakadu-plum-kernels-a-novel-nutrition-source
#15
Saleha Akter, Michael E Netzel, Mary T Fletcher, Ujang Tinggi, Yasmina Sultanbawa
Terminalia ferdinandiana (Kakadu plum) is a native Australian fruit. Industrial processing of T. ferdinandiana fruits into puree generates seeds as a by-product, which are generally discarded. The aim of our present study was to process the seed to separate the kernel and determine its nutritional composition. The proximate, mineral and fatty acid compositions were analysed in this study. Kernels are composed of 35% fat, while proteins account for 32% dry weight (DW). The energy content and fiber were 2065 KJ/100 g and 21...
April 12, 2018: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29644097/the-virome-of-drosophila-suzukii-an-invasive-pest-of-soft-fruit
#16
Nathan C Medd, Simon Fellous, Fergal M Waldron, Anne Xuéreb, Madoka Nakai, Jerry V Cross, Darren J Obbard
Drosophila suzukii (Matsumura) is one of the most damaging and costly pests to invade temperate horticultural regions in recent history. Conventional control of this pest is challenging, and an environmentally benign microbial biopesticide is highly desirable. A thorough exploration of the pathogens infecting this pest is not only the first step on the road to the development of an effective biopesticide, but also provides a valuable comparative dataset for the study of viruses in the model family Drosophilidae ...
January 2018: Virus Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642867/antiproliferative-activities-and-phenolic-acid-content-of-water-and-ethanolic-extracts-of-the-powdered-formula-of-houttuynia-cordata-thunb-fermented-broth-and-phyllanthus-emblica-linn-fruit
#17
Piyawan Kumnerdkhonkaen, Somprasong Saenglee, Md Ali Asgar, Gulsiri Senawong, Kanoknan Khongsukwiwat, Thanaset Senawong
BACKGROUND: Houttuynia cordata Thunb. and Phyllanthus emblica Linn. are native plants with medicinal and nutritive significance in Asia. The present study was aimed at evaluating antiproliferative effects on human cancer cell lines and identifying the phenolic acid composition of water and ethanolic extracts of the powdered formula of H. cordata fermented broth and P. emblica fruit. METHODS: Anticancer activity of the extracts was evaluated against HeLa, HT29, HCT116, MCF7 and Jurkat cells using an MTT assay and flow cytometric analysis of apoptosis induction and cell cycle arrest...
April 11, 2018: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623570/food-security-and-diet-among-american-indians-in-the-midwest
#18
Kelly Berryhill, Jason Hale, Brian Chase, Lauren Clark, Jianghua He, Christine M Daley
The purpose of this study was to determine levels of food security among American Indians (AI) living in the Midwest and possible correlations between food security levels and various health outcomes, diet, and demographic variables. This study used a cross-sectional design to determine health behaviors among AI. Participants (n = 362) were recruited by AI staff through various cultural community events in the Midwest, such as powwows and health fairs. Inclusion criteria included the following: age 18 years or older, self-identify as an AI, and willing to participate in the survey...
April 5, 2018: Journal of Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617455/the-ecological-footprint-of-acca-sellowiana-domestication-maintains-the-residual-vertebrate-diversity-in-threatened-highlands-of-atlantic-forest
#19
Juliano André Bogoni, Maurício Eduardo Graipel, Nivaldo Peroni
Past and contemporary human actions are causing numerous changes in patterns and processes at various ecosystem scales and trophic levels, including unintended downstream changes, such as species interactions. In its native range Acca sellowiana (Feijoa) combines some characteristics of human interactions: incipient domestication, restricted to subtropical Atlantic Forest highlands, associated with the threatened conifer Araucaria angustifolia (Araucaria), within a domesticated landscape with anthropogenic forest patches, and provides fruit at a time of resource shortage (Araucaria seeds-pinhão)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29614229/a-comprehensive-database-of-carotenoid-contents-in-ibero-american-foods-a-valuable-tool-in-the-context-of-functional-foods-and-the-establishment-of-recommended-intakes-of-bioactives
#20
M Graça Dias, Begona Olmedilla-Alonso, Damaso Hornero-Mendez, A Z Mercadante, Coralia Osorio, Liliana Vargas-Murga, Antonio J Meléndez-Martínez
Foods that are commonly consumed in the diet are considered to provide more than 40 different carotenoids. However, the content in carotenoids varies considerably both in qualitative and quantitative terms as a consequence of different genotypes, climatic conditions of the production area and agronomic factors, among others. In this paper, analytical data, obtained by HPLC or UHPLC, of carotenoids in fruits and vegetables produced in Ibero-America have been compiled from peer-reviewed journals, organized in food categories and documented in relation to the sampling and analytical quality system used...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
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