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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28930280/chemical-composition-and-monoterpenoid-enantiomeric-distribution-of-the-essential-oils-from-apharsemon-commiphora-gileadensis
#1
Nativ Dudai, Alona Shachter, Prabodh Satyal, William N Setzer
Background:Commiphora gileadensis (Hebrew: apharsemon) has been used since Biblical times to treat various ailments, and is used today in the traditional medicine of some Middle Eastern cultures. Methods: The essential oils from the stem bark, leaves, and fruits of Commiphora gileadensis-collected at the Ein Gedi Botanical Garden, Israel-were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. In addition, the enantiomeric distributions of the monoterpenoids in the essential oils have been determined by chiral gas chromatography...
September 12, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926992/the-native-fruit-geoffroea-decorticans-from-arid-northern-chile-phenolic-composition-antioxidant-activities-and-in-vitro-inhibition-of-pro-inflammatory-and-metabolic-syndrome-associated-enzymes
#2
Felipe Jiménez-Aspee, Cristina Theoduloz, Maria Del Pilar C Soriano, Maider Ugalde-Arbizu, Maria Rosa Alberto, Iris Catiana Zampini, Maria Inés Isla, Mario J Simirigiotis, Guillermo Schmeda-Hirschmann
The native tree Geoffroea decorticans (chañar) grows in the arid lands of northern Chile. It has been used as a food plant since prehistoric times. Phenolic-enriched extracts (PEEs) of Chilean chañar fruits were assessed for their chemical composition, antioxidant properties and inhibition of pro-inflammatory and metabolic syndrome-associated enzymes. Phenolic profiles were determined by HPLC-DAD-MS/MS. The PEEs of G. decorticans showed a strong effect towards the enzymes COX-1/COX-2, with inhibition percentages ranging from inactive to 92...
September 18, 2017: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915793/the-cacao-criollo-genome-v2-0-an-improved-version-of-the-genome-for-genetic-and-functional-genomic-studies
#3
X Argout, G Martin, G Droc, O Fouet, K Labadie, E Rivals, J M Aury, C Lanaud
BACKGROUND: Theobroma cacao L., native to the Amazonian basin of South America, is an economically important fruit tree crop for tropical countries as a source of chocolate. The first draft genome of the species, from a Criollo cultivar, was published in 2011. Although a useful resource, some improvements are possible, including identifying misassemblies, reducing the number of scaffolds and gaps, and anchoring un-anchored sequences to the 10 chromosomes. METHODS: We used a NGS-based approach to significantly improve the assembly of the Belizian Criollo B97-61/B2 genome...
September 15, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904778/the-influence-of-herbivory-and-weather-on-the-vital-rates-of-two-closely-related-cactus-species
#4
Kristen E Sauby, John Kilmer, Mary C Christman, Robert D Holt, Travis D Marsico
Herbivory has long been recognized as a significant driver of plant population dynamics, yet its effects along environmental gradients are unclear. Understanding how weather modulates plant-insect interactions can be particularly important for predicting the consequences of exotic insect invasions, and an explicit consideration of weather may help explain why the impact can vary greatly across space and time. We surveyed two native prickly pear cactus species (genus Opuntia) in the Florida panhandle, USA, and their specialist insect herbivores (the invasive South American cactus moth, Cactoblastis cactorum, and three native insect species) for five years across six sites...
September 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890721/development-and-application-of-transcriptome-derived-microsatellites-in-actinidia-eriantha-actinidiaceae
#5
Rui Guo, Jacob B Landis, Michael J Moore, Aiping Meng, Shuguang Jian, Xiaohong Yao, Hengchang Wang
Actinidia eriantha Benth. is a diploid perennial woody vine native to China and is recognized as a valuable species for commercial kiwifruit improvement with high levels of ascorbic acid as well as having been used in traditional Chinese medicine. Due to the lack of genomic resources for the species, microsatellite markers for population genetics studies are scarce. In this study, RNASeq was conducted on fruit tissue of A. eriantha, yielding 5,678,129 reads with a total output of 3.41 Gb. De novo assembly yielded 69,783 non-redundant unigenes (41...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890657/natural-field-infestation-of-mangifera-casturi-and-mangifera-lalijiwa-by-oriental-fruit-fly-bactrocera-dorsalis-diptera-tephritidae
#6
Grant T McQuate, Charmaine D Sylva, Nicanor J Liquido
Mango, Mangifera indica (Anacardiaceae), is a crop cultivated pantropically. There are, however, many other Mangifera spp ("mango relatives") which have much more restricted distributions and are poorly known but have potential to produce mango-like fruits in areas where mangoes do not grow well or could be tapped in mango breeding programs. Because of the restricted distribution of many of the Mangifera spp, there has also been limited data collected on susceptibility of their fruits to infestation by tephritid fruit flies which is important to know for concerns both for quality of production and for quarantine security of fruit exports...
2017: International Journal of Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888441/effect-of-clarified-brazilian-native-fruit-juices-on-postprandial-glycemia-in-healthy-subjects
#7
Diully Mata Balisteiro, Renata Luise de Araujo, Luciano Ricardo Giacaglia, Maria Inés Genovese
Brazilian native fruits have been shown as excellent sources of polyphenols which are associated with multiple biological activities including inhibition of carbohydrate-hydrolyzing enzymes, α-amylase and α-glucosidase. Postmeal blood glucose elevations and high glycemic index diets can play a major role in the development of type 2 diabetes, therefore alternative approaches to reduce postprandial hyperglycemia are of growing interest in order to reduce diabetes risk. Here we investigated the effect of six Brazilian native clarified fruit juices from Amazon, Savannah and Atlantic Forest biomes on postprandial glycemia after consumption of a carbohydrate meal...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873727/impact-of-fermentation-conditions-on-the-quality-and-sensory-properties-of-a-probiotic-cupuassu-theobroma-grandiflorum-beverage
#8
Ana Lúcia Fernandes Pereira, Wallaff Sammk Corrêa Feitosa, Virgínia Kelly Gonçalves Abreu, Tatiana de Oliveira Lemos, Wesley Faria Gomes, Narendra Narain, Sueli Rodrigues
The aim of the study was to evaluate the conditions of fermentation pH and temperature and also the fermentation time of Lactobacillus casei in the cupuassu (tropical fruit native to the Brazilian Amazon) beverage. The sugars, organic acids, and antioxidant activity during the fermentation also were investigated. The sensory characteristics were also evaluated. Moreover, the effect of expectation on the acceptability of probiotic and symbiotic cupuassu beverages was rated under three conditions. The blind (consumers were informed that the samples were probiotic and symbiotic beverages and they tasted them); expected (only nutritional claims in short text were informed) and informed (consumers were asked to evaluate the product when they had nutritional information)...
October 2017: Food Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28852987/drosophila-suzukii-in-southern-neotropical-region-current-status-and-future-perspectives
#9
REVIEW
F Andreazza, D Bernardi, R S S Dos Santos, F R M Garcia, E E Oliveira, M Botton, D E Nava
Non-native insect pests are often responsible for important damage to native and agricultural plant hosts. Since Drosophila suzukii Matsumura (Diptera: Drosophilidae) has become an important pest in North America and Europe (i.e., in 2008), the global production of soft thin-skinned fruits has faced severe production losses. In the southern Neotropical region, however, the first record of D. suzukii occurred in 2013 in the south of Brazil. It has also been recorded in Uruguay, Argentina, and Chile. Despite its recent occurrence in the southern Neotropical region, the fast dispersion of D...
August 30, 2017: Neotropical Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28842267/medicinal-properties-of-mangosteen-garcinia-mangostana-l-a-comprehensive-update
#10
REVIEW
Berenice Ovalle-Magallanes, Dianelena Eugenio-Pérez, José Pedraza-Chaverri
Garcinia mangostana L. (Clusiaceae) is a tropical tree native to Southeast Asia known as mangosteen which fruits possess a distinctive and pleasant taste that has granted them the epithet of "queen of the fruits". The seeds and pericarps of the fruit have a long history of use in the traditional medicinal practices of the region, and beverages containing mangosteen pulp and pericarps are sold worldwide as nutritional supplements. The main phytochemicals present in the species are isoprenylated xanthones, a class of secondary metabolites with multiple reports of biological effects, such as antioxidant, pro-apoptotic, anti-proliferative, antinociceptive, anti-inflammatory, neuroprotective, hypoglycemic and anti-obesity...
August 24, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28830343/divergence-of-functional-effects-among-bacterial-srna-paralogs
#11
I-Chen Kimberly Chen, Gregory J Velicer, Yuen-Tsu Nicco Yu
BACKGROUND: Non-coding small RNAs (sRNAs) regulate a variety of important biological processes across all life domains, including bacteria. However, little is known about the functional evolution of sRNAs in bacteria, which might occur via changes in sRNA structure and/or stability or changes in interactions between sRNAs and their associated regulatory networks, including target mRNAs. The sRNA Pxr functions as a developmental gatekeeper in the model cooperative bacterium Myxococcus xanthus...
August 22, 2017: BMC Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826340/nativity-chronic-health-conditions-and-health-behaviors-in-filipino-americans
#12
Maria L G Bayog, Catherine M Waters
INTRODUCTION: Nearly half of Americans have a chronic health condition related to unhealthful behavior. One in four Americans is an immigrant; yet immigrants' health has been studied little, particularly among Asian American subpopulations. METHODOLOGY: Years lived in United States, hypertension, diabetes, smoking, walking, adiposity, and fruit/vegetable variables in the 2011-2012 California Health Interview Survey were analyzed to examine the influence of nativity on chronic health conditions and health behaviors in 555 adult Filipinos, the second largest Asian American immigrant subpopulation...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Transcultural Nursing: Official Journal of the Transcultural Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809060/the-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-butia-sp-a-systematic-review-and-an-overview-of-the-technological-monitoring-process
#13
REVIEW
Lara Rodrigues Schneider, Daniela Coelho Dos Santos, Angela Diniz Campos, Rafael Guerra Lund
The Butia sp. are native South America trees, whose fruits are consumed in natura and have significant biological properties; however, trees of this genus plant are in danger of extinction. A systematic review of the literature and a technological overview were carried out to summarize the available evidence on the therapeutic uses and the phytochemical compounds of Butia sp. The following electronic databases were researched: MedLine (PubMed), Web of Science, Scopus, Scielo, and the gray literature. Furthermore, the online system such as the US Patent and Trademark Office, Espacenet, National Institute of Industrial Property, and Google Patents were accessed to obtain patent data...
August 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774480/-effect-of-mixed-edaphic-bacterial-inoculants-in-the-early-development-of-improved-cocoa-cultivars-theobroma-cacao-l-in-a-traditional-agroforestry-system-of-oaxaca-mexico
#14
E Hipólito-Romero, M G Carcaño-Montiel, J M Ramos-Prado, E A Vázquez-Cabañas, L López-Reyes, J Ricaño-Rodríguez
Cocoa plant (Theobroma cacao L.) is native from South America and it represents one of the most significant "bio-cultural" resources of Mesoamerica, since it is a region where it was domesticated and had a relevance as ritual drink and as currency in many pre-hispanic cultures until the arrival of the Spaniards who spread its use worldwide, and became it one of the most consumed commodity goods. Through this research, an alternative is proposed to address the problem of cultivars through the introduction of a wide variety of cocoa plants in traditional agroforestry systems, in synergy with the inoculation of nitrogen-fixing and insoluble phosphor solubilizing edaphic bacterial consortia...
July 31, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764054/seed-incorporation-during-vinification-and-its-impact-on-chemical-and-organoleptic-properties-in-syzygium-cumini-wine
#15
K S VenuGopal, K A Anu-Appaiah
Syzgium cumini (Jamun) is an evergreen tropical tree, its various parts are known for many therapeutic properties. The present work represents the production of wines from jamun fruits using two different native isolates (Saccharomyces cerevisiae - KF551990 and Pichia gummiguttae - MCC 1273) and influence of jamun seeds on the physico-chemical parameters, chromatic properties, phenolic components and sensory attributes of wine. Wine produced was bottle aged for one year. On aging there was a reduction in bitterness and astringency...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764046/stability-of-bioactive-compounds-in-buti%C3%A3-butia-odorata-fruit-pulp-and-nectar
#16
Jessica Fernanda Hoffmann, Giovana Paula Zandoná, Priscila Silveira Dos Santos, Camila Müller Dallmann, Francine Bonemann Madruga, Cesar Valmor Rombaldi, Fábio Clasen Chaves
Butia odorata is a palm tree native to southern Brazil whose fruit (known as butiá) and leaves are used to make many food products and crafts. Butiá contain several biologically active compounds with potential health benefits. However, processing conditions can alter quality attributes including bioactive compound content. This study evaluated the stability of bioactive compounds in butiá pulp upon pasteurization, during 12months of frozen storage, and in butiá nectar after a 3-month storage period. Pulp pasteurization resulted in a reduction in phenolic, flavonoid, carotenoid, and ascorbic acid contents...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763992/nutraceutical-potential-of-byrsonima-cydoniifolia-fruits-based-on-chemical-composition-anti-inflammatory-and-antihyperalgesic-activities
#17
Vanessa Samúdio Dos Santos, Thalita Vieira Nascimento, Josyelen Lousada Felipe, Amanda Galdi Boaretto, Geraldo Alves Damasceno-Junior, Denise Brentan Silva, Mônica Cristina Toffoli-Kadri, Carlos Alexandre Carollo
In recent years, the fruits of native Brazilian plant species with anti-inflammatory property have gained prominence due to their properties comparable to traditional medicines. This study aimed to chemically characterize and evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antihyperalgesic activity of Byrsonima cydoniifolia fruit, which is widely used to manufacture ice cream and jellies. Our results revealed that the fruit exhibits flavonoid derivatives and stilbenes, as trans-piceatannol and resveratrol, as main secondary metabolites...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746379/confirmation-of-independent-introductions-of-an-exotic-plant-pathogen-of-cornus-species-discula-destructiva-on-the-east-and-west-coasts-of-north-america
#18
Kristie Mantooth, Denita Hadziabdic, Sarah Boggess, Mark Windham, Stephen Miller, Guohong Cai, Joseph Spatafora, Ning Zhang, Meg Staton, Bonnie Ownley, Robert Trigiano
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) and C. nuttallii (Pacific dogwood) are North American native tree species that belong to the big-bracted group of dogwoods. Cornus species are highly valued for their ornamental characteristics, and have fruits that contain high fat content for animals. Also, they are an important understory tree in natural forests. Dogwood anthracnose, caused by Discula destructiva, was observed in the late 1970s on the east and west coasts of the United States and by 1991 had quickly spread throughout most of the native ranges of C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744290/photoreceptor-mediated-plant-growth-responses-implications-for-photoreceptor-engineering-toward-improved-performance-in-crops
#19
REVIEW
Ophilia I L Mawphlang, Eros V Kharshiing
Rising temperatures during growing seasons coupled with altered precipitation rates presents a challenging task of improving crop productivity for overcoming such altered weather patterns and cater to a growing population. Light is a critical environmental factor that exerts a powerful influence on plant growth and development ranging from seed germination to flowering and fruiting. Higher plants utilize a suite of complex photoreceptor proteins to perceive surrounding red/far-red (phytochromes), blue/UV-A (cryptochromes, phototropins, ZTL/FKF1/LKP2), and UV-B light (UVR8)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742000/high-prevalence-of-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-children-with-and-without-diarrhoea-and-their-susceptibility-to-the-antibacterial-activity-of-extracts-fractions-of-fruits-native-to-mexico
#20
Magdalena de Jesús Uribe-Beltrán, Yesmi Patricia Ahumada-Santos, Sylvia Páz Díaz-Camacho, Carlos Alberto Eslava-Campos, Jesús Ernesto Reyes-Valenzuela, María Elena Báez-Flores, Ignacio Osuna-Ramírez, Francisco Delgado-Vargas
PURPOSE: This paper aims to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance of Esherichia coli isolates from children under 5 years old, with and without diarrhoea, who were hospital outpatients in Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico. It also looks at the antimicrobial activity of fruit extracts against selected multidrug-resistant (MDR) E. coli strains. METHODOLOGY: A total of 205 E. coli isolates from stool samples were collected from 94 children under 5 years old who were outpatients from two hospitals in the city of Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico, during the autumn/winter of 2003/04; their resistance profiles to 19 commercial antimicrobials were investigated using the Kirby-Bauer method...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
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