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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28809060/the-phytochemistry-and-pharmacology-of-butia-sp-a-systematic-review-and-an-overview-of-the-technological-monitoring-process
#1
REVIEW
Lara Rodrigues Schneider, Daniela Coelho Dos Santos, Angela Diniz Campos, Rafael Guerra Lund
The Butia sp. are native South America trees, whose fruits are consumed in natura and have significant biological properties; however, trees of this genus plant are in danger of extinction. A systematic review of the literature and a technological overview were carried out to summarize the available evidence on the therapeutic uses and the phytochemical compounds of Butia sp. The following electronic databases were researched: MedLine (PubMed), Web of Science, Scopus, Scielo, and the gray literature. Furthermore, the online system such as the US Patent and Trademark Office, Espacenet, National Institute of Industrial Property, and Google Patents were accessed to obtain patent data...
August 15, 2017: Phytotherapy Research: PTR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774480/-effect-of-mixed-edaphic-bacterial-inoculants-in-the-early-development-of-improved-cocoa-cultivars-theobroma-cacao-l-in-a-traditional-agroforestry-system-of-oaxaca-mexico
#2
E Hipólito-Romero, M G Carcaño-Montiel, J M Ramos-Prado, E A Vázquez-Cabañas, L López-Reyes, J Ricaño-Rodríguez
Cocoa plant (Theobroma cacao L.) is native from South America and it represents one of the most significant "bio-cultural" resources of Mesoamerica, since it is a region where it was domesticated and had a relevance as ritual drink and as currency in many pre-hispanic cultures until the arrival of the Spaniards who spread its use worldwide, and became it one of the most consumed commodity goods. Through this research, an alternative is proposed to address the problem of cultivars through the introduction of a wide variety of cocoa plants in traditional agroforestry systems, in synergy with the inoculation of nitrogen-fixing and insoluble phosphor solubilizing edaphic bacterial consortia...
July 31, 2017: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764054/seed-incorporation-during-vinification-and-its-impact-on-chemical-and-organoleptic-properties-in-syzygium-cumini-wine
#3
K S VenuGopal, K A Anu-Appaiah
Syzgium cumini (Jamun) is an evergreen tropical tree, its various parts are known for many therapeutic properties. The present work represents the production of wines from jamun fruits using two different native isolates (Saccharomyces cerevisiae - KF551990 and Pichia gummiguttae - MCC 1273) and influence of jamun seeds on the physico-chemical parameters, chromatic properties, phenolic components and sensory attributes of wine. Wine produced was bottle aged for one year. On aging there was a reduction in bitterness and astringency...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764046/stability-of-bioactive-compounds-in-buti%C3%A3-butia-odorata-fruit-pulp-and-nectar
#4
Jessica Fernanda Hoffmann, Giovana Paula Zandoná, Priscila Silveira Dos Santos, Camila Müller Dallmann, Francine Bonemann Madruga, Cesar Valmor Rombaldi, Fábio Clasen Chaves
Butia odorata is a palm tree native to southern Brazil whose fruit (known as butiá) and leaves are used to make many food products and crafts. Butiá contain several biologically active compounds with potential health benefits. However, processing conditions can alter quality attributes including bioactive compound content. This study evaluated the stability of bioactive compounds in butiá pulp upon pasteurization, during 12months of frozen storage, and in butiá nectar after a 3-month storage period. Pulp pasteurization resulted in a reduction in phenolic, flavonoid, carotenoid, and ascorbic acid contents...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763992/nutraceutical-potential-of-byrsonima-cydoniifolia-fruits-based-on-chemical-composition-anti-inflammatory-and-antihyperalgesic-activities
#5
Vanessa Samúdio Dos Santos, Thalita Vieira Nascimento, Josyelen Lousada Felipe, Amanda Galdi Boaretto, Geraldo Alves Damasceno-Junior, Denise Brentan Silva, Mônica Cristina Toffoli-Kadri, Carlos Alexandre Carollo
In recent years, the fruits of native Brazilian plant species with anti-inflammatory property have gained prominence due to their properties comparable to traditional medicines. This study aimed to chemically characterize and evaluate the anti-inflammatory and antihyperalgesic activity of Byrsonima cydoniifolia fruit, which is widely used to manufacture ice cream and jellies. Our results revealed that the fruit exhibits flavonoid derivatives and stilbenes, as trans-piceatannol and resveratrol, as main secondary metabolites...
December 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746379/confirmation-of-independent-introductions-of-an-exotic-plant-pathogen-of-cornus-species-discula-destructiva-on-the-east-and-west-coasts-of-north-america
#6
Kristie Mantooth, Denita Hadziabdic, Sarah Boggess, Mark Windham, Stephen Miller, Guohong Cai, Joseph Spatafora, Ning Zhang, Meg Staton, Bonnie Ownley, Robert Trigiano
Cornus florida (flowering dogwood) and C. nuttallii (Pacific dogwood) are North American native tree species that belong to the big-bracted group of dogwoods. Cornus species are highly valued for their ornamental characteristics, and have fruits that contain high fat content for animals. Also, they are an important understory tree in natural forests. Dogwood anthracnose, caused by Discula destructiva, was observed in the late 1970s on the east and west coasts of the United States and by 1991 had quickly spread throughout most of the native ranges of C...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28744290/photoreceptor-mediated-plant-growth-responses-implications-for-photoreceptor-engineering-toward-improved-performance-in-crops
#7
REVIEW
Ophilia I L Mawphlang, Eros V Kharshiing
Rising temperatures during growing seasons coupled with altered precipitation rates presents a challenging task of improving crop productivity for overcoming such altered weather patterns and cater to a growing population. Light is a critical environmental factor that exerts a powerful influence on plant growth and development ranging from seed germination to flowering and fruiting. Higher plants utilize a suite of complex photoreceptor proteins to perceive surrounding red/far-red (phytochromes), blue/UV-A (cryptochromes, phototropins, ZTL/FKF1/LKP2), and UV-B light (UVR8)...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742000/high-prevalence-of-multidrug-resistant-escherichia-coli-isolates-from-children-with-and-without-diarrhoea-and-their-susceptibility-to-the-antibacterial-activity-of-extracts-fractions-of-fruits-native-to-mexico
#8
Magdalena de Jesús Uribe-Beltrán, Yesmi Patricia Ahumada-Santos, Sylvia Páz Díaz-Camacho, Carlos Alberto Eslava-Campos, Jesús Ernesto Reyes-Valenzuela, María Elena Báez-Flores, Ignacio Osuna-Ramírez, Francisco Delgado-Vargas
PURPOSE: This paper aims to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance of Esherichia coli isolates from children under 5 years old, with and without diarrhoea, who were hospital outpatients in Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico. It also looks at the antimicrobial activity of fruit extracts against selected multidrug-resistant (MDR) E. coli strains. METHODOLOGY: A total of 205 E. coli isolates from stool samples were collected from 94 children under 5 years old who were outpatients from two hospitals in the city of Culiacan, Sinaloa, Mexico, during the autumn/winter of 2003/04; their resistance profiles to 19 commercial antimicrobials were investigated using the Kirby-Bauer method...
July 2017: Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727747/plant-species-dispersed-by-galapagos-tortoises-surf-the-wave-of-habitat-suitability-under-anthropogenic-climate-change
#9
Diego Ellis-Soto, Stephen Blake, Alaaeldin Soultan, Anne Guézou, Fredy Cabrera, Stefan Lötters
Native biodiversity on the Galapagos Archipelago is severely threatened by invasive alien species. On Santa Cruz Island, the abundance of introduced plant species is low in the arid lowlands of the Galapagos National Park, but increases with elevation into unprotected humid highlands. Two common alien plant species, guava (Psidium guajava) and passion fruit (Passiflora edulis) occur at higher elevations yet their seeds are dispersed into the lowlands by migrating Galapagos tortoises (Chelonoidis spp.). Tortoises transport large quantities of seeds over long distances into environments in which they have little or no chance of germination and survival under current climate conditions...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720976/effect-of-enzymatic-treatment-on-the-rheological-behavior-and-vitamin-c-content-of-spondias-tuberosa-umbu-pulp
#10
Rodrigo F Gouvêa, Leilson O Ribeiro, Érika F Souza, Edmar M Penha, Virgínia M Matta, Suely P Freitas
Umbu is a native fruit of the semi-arid Northeastern region of Brazil, which presents an exotic and differentiated flavor. Containing vitamin C and presenting a high potential of consumption, no appropriated technology has been developed to process this fruit and expand its commercialization to other markets. The enzymatic treatment of fruit pulps leads to viscosity reduction, which makes possible an efficient processing for obtaining high quality umbu juices. In order to contribute to the valorization of this underexploited culture, two commercial pectinolytic enzymes, Pectinex Ultra SP-L(®) and Rapidase TF(®), were used to promote viscosity reduction of umbu pulp...
June 2017: Journal of Food Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28708083/ten-year-trends-1999-2010-of-adherence-to-the-mediterranean-diet-among-the-balearic-islands-adult-population
#11
Maria Del Mar Bibiloni, Mónica González, Alicia Julibert, Isabel Llompart, Antoni Pons, Josep A Tur
The aim of this work was to assess ten-year trends (1999-2010) of adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern (MDP) among the Balearic Islands' adult population. Two independent cross-sectional dietary surveys (1999-2000, n = 1200 and 2009-2010 n = 1388, including participants aged 16-65 years) were carried out in the Balearic Islands, Spain. Dietary habits were assessed by means of two 24 h diet recalls and a validated semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire that covers 145 food items. Adherence to the MDP was defined according to a score constructed considering the consumption of nine MDP characteristic components: high monounsaturated fatty acids:saturated fatty acids (MUFA:SFA) ratio, moderate ethanol consumption, high legumes, cereals and roots, fruits, vegetables, and fish consumption, and low consumption of meat and milk...
July 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702596/characterization-and-cardioprotective-activity-of-anthocyanins-from-nitraria-tangutorum-bobr-by-products
#12
Ming Zhang, Jianbin Ma, Hongtao Bi, Jiayin Song, Hongxia Yang, Zhenghua Xia, Yuzhi Du, Tingting Gao, Lixin Wei
The Nitraria tangutorum Bobr. fruit is an indigenous berry of the shrub belonging to the Zygophyllaceae family which grows at an altitude of over 3000 m in the Tibetan Plateau, and has been used as a native medicinal food for treating weakness of the spleen, stomach syndrome, dyspepsia, neurasthenia, dizziness, etc. for thousands of years. Nowadays, N. tangutorum industrial juice by-products generated from health food production can be a potential low cost source of some unique bioactive ingredients. In a prior study, we established a simultaneous microwave/ultrasonic assisted enzymatic extraction method for extracting antioxidant ingredients from the industrial by-products of N...
August 1, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698111/phylogeny-and-biogeography-of-maclura-moraceae-and-the-origin-of-an-anachronistic-fruit
#13
Elliot M Gardner, Paya Sarraf, Evelyn W Williams, Nyree J C Zerega
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Maclura (ca. 12 spp., Moraceae) is a widespread genus of trees and woody climbers found on five continents. Maclura pomifera, the Osage orange, is considered a classic example of an anachronistic fruit. Native to the central USA, the grapefruit-sized Osage oranges are unpalatable and have no known extant native dispersers, leading to speculation that the fruits were adapted to extinct megafauna. Our aim was to reconstruct the phylogeny, estimate divergence dates, and infer ancestral ranges of Maclura in order to test the monophyly of subgeneric classifications and to understand evolution and dispersal patterns in this globally distributed group...
July 8, 2017: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692816/unique-oestrogen-receptor-ligand-binding-domain-sequence-of-native-parrots-a-possible-link-between-phytoestrogens-and-breeding-success
#14
Catherine E J Davis, Adrian H Bibby, Kevin M Buckley, Kenneth P McNatty, Janet L Pitman
The New Zealand (NZ) native parrots kākāpō, kākā and kea are classified as critically endangered, endangered and vulnerable respectively. Successful reproduction of kākāpō and kākā is linked to years of high levels of fruiting in native flora (mast years). To assess a possible hormonal link between native plants and reproductive success in these parrots in mast years, we examined the ligand-binding domains (LBD) of the progesterone receptor (PR), androgen receptor (AR), estrogen receptor 1 (ESR1) and estrogen receptor 2 (ESR2) in NZ native (kākāpō, kākā, kea and kākāriki) and non-native (Australian cockatiel) parrots and compared them with those in the chicken...
July 11, 2017: Reproduction, Fertility, and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692116/variability-among-capsicum-baccatum-accessions-from-goi%C3%A3-s-brazil-assessed-by-morphological-traits-and-molecular-markers
#15
A L A Martinez, J S P Araújo, C F Ragassi, G S C Buso, F J B Reifschneider
Capsicum peppers are native to the Americas, with Brazil being a significant diversity center. Capsicum baccatum accessions at Instituto Federal (IF) Goiano represent a portion of the species genetic resources from central Brazil. We aimed to characterize a C. baccatum working collection comprising 27 accessions and 3 commercial cultivars using morphological traits and molecular markers to describe its genetic and morphological variability and verify the occurrence of duplicates. This set included 1 C. baccatum var...
July 6, 2017: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690799/sex-biased-oviposition-by-a-nursery-pollinator-on-a-gynodioecious-host-plant-implications-for-breeding-system-evolution-and-evolution-of-mutualism
#16
Laura A D Doubleday, Lynn S Adler
Dioecy, a breeding system where individual plants are exclusively male or female, has evolved repeatedly. Extensive theory describes when dioecy should arise from hermaphroditism, frequently through gynodioecy, where females and hermaphrodites coexist, and when gynodioecy should be stable. Both pollinators and herbivores often prefer the pollen-bearing sex, with sex-specific fitness effects that can affect breeding system evolution. Nursery pollination, where adult insects pollinate flowers but their larvae feed on plant reproductive tissues, is a model for understanding mutualism evolution but could also yield insights into plant breeding system evolution...
July 2017: Ecology and Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686608/biodiversity-conservation-in-an-anthropized-landscape-trees-not-patch-size-drive-bird-community-composition-in-a-low-input-agro-ecosystem
#17
Eric Mellink, Mónica E Riojas-López, Melinda Cárdenas-García
One of the most typical agro-ecosystems in the Llanos de Ojuelos, a semi-arid region of central Mexico, is that of fruit-production orchards of nopales (prickly pear cacti). This perennial habitat with complex vertical structure provides refuge and food for at least 112 species of birds throughout the year. Nopal orchards vary in their internal structure, size and shrub/tree composition, yet these factors have unknown effects on the animals that use them. To further understand the conservation potential of this agro-ecosystem, we evaluated the effects of patch-size and the presence of trees on bird community composition, as well as several habitat variables, through an information-theoretical modelling approach...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685994/gibberellin-regulated-protein-in-japanese-apricot-is-an-allergen-cross-reactive-to-pru-p-7
#18
Naoko Inomata, Mami Miyakawa, Michiko Aihara
BACKGROUND: Gibberellin-regulated protein (GRP, also known as peamaclein) was recently identified as a new marker allergen related to systemic reactions in peach allergy; however, its role in other fruit allergies is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the allergenicity of Japanese apricot (JA) GRP and clarify the clinical characteristics of JA allergy patients with GRP sensitization. METHODS: Seven patients (two males, five females, mean age 28...
July 6, 2017: Immunity, Inflammation and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674809/rnai-based-techniques-for-the-analysis-of-gene-function-in-drosophila-germline-stem-cells
#19
Amelia J Blake, Danielle S Finger, Victoria L Hardy, Elizabeth T Ables
Elucidating the full repertoire of molecular mechanisms that promote stem cell maintenance requires sophisticated techniques for identifying and characterizing gene function in stem cells in their native environment. Ovarian germline stem cells in the fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, are an ideal model to study the complex molecular mechanisms driving stem cell function in vivo. A variety of new genetic tools make RNAi a useful complement to traditional genetic mutants for the investigation of the molecular mechanisms guiding ovarian germline stem cell function...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645773/abc-protein-cgabcf2-is-required-for-asexual-and-sexual-development-appressorial-formation-and-plant-infection-in-colletotrichum-gloeosporioides
#20
Zongshan Zhou, Jianyuan Wu, Meiyu Wang, Junxiang Zhang
ATP-binding cassette (ABC) proteins are exclusively found in both prokaryotes and eukaryotes. In this study, we have characterized a gene from Glomerella leaf spot pathogen Colletotrichum gloeosporioides that encodes an ABC protein, whose function to date remains unknown. We designated this gene as CgABCF2. Deletion of CgABCF2 showed drastic reduction both growing rate and conidial production in C. gloeosporioides. The Δcgabcf2 mutant did not form the appressoria, lost the capability to infect apple and failed to form lesions on the wounded leaves and fruits...
June 20, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
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