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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832144/global-potential-distribution-of-bactrocera-carambolae-and-the-risks-for-fruit-production-in-brazil
#1
Cesar A Marchioro
The carambola fruit fly, Bactrocera carambolae, is a tephritid native to Asia that has invaded South America through small-scale trade of fruits from Indonesia. The economic losses associated with biological invasions of other fruit flies around the world and the polyphagous behaviour of B. carambolae have prompted much concern among government agencies and farmers with the potential spread of this pest. Here, ecological niche models were employed to identify suitable environments available to B. carambolae in a global scale and assess the extent of the fruit acreage that may be at risk of attack in Brazil...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822323/inhibitory-effect-of-actinidia-arguta-on-mutagenesis-inflammation-and-two-stage-mouse-skin-tumorigenesis
#2
Mari Nishimura, Yuma Okimasu, Naoko Miyake, Misako Tada, Ryoko Hida, Tomoe Negishi, Sakae Arimoto-Kobayashi
BACKGROUND: Actinidia arguta, known as sarunashi in Japan, is a vine tree native to east-Asia, including Japan, that produces small fruit rich in anthocyanins, catechins, vitamin C, chlorophyll, beta-carotene and other polyphenols. RESULTS: Our study revealed the inhibitory effect of the juice of A. arguta (arguta-juice) toward the mutagenicity of food-derived carcinogens and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using the Ames test, and antioxidant activity of arguta-juice as determined using a free radical scavenging assay...
2016: Genes and Environment: the Official Journal of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818232/the-genetics-of-exceptional-longevity-identifies-new-druggable-targets-for-vascular-protection-and-repair
#3
REVIEW
Annibale A Puca, Gaia Spinetti, Rosa Vono, Carmine Vecchione, Paolo Madeddu
Therapeutic angiogenesis is a relatively new medical strategy in the field of cardiovascular diseases. The underpinning concept is that angiogenic growth factors or proangiogenic cells could be exploited therapeutically in cardiovascular patients to enhance native revascularization responses to an ischemic insult, thereby accelerating tissue healing. The initial enthusiasm generated by preclinical studies has been tempered by the modest success of clinical trials assessing therapeutic angiogenesis. Similarly, proangiogenic cell therapy has so far not maintained the original promises...
November 3, 2016: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813596/genetic-variability-analysis-of-byrsonima-crassifolia-germplasm-collected-in-par%C3%A3-state-using-issr-markers
#4
S M Rodrigues, E F Moura, G K S Ramos, M S P Oliveira
Native of the Amazon, the nanche (Byrsonima crassifolia) is a fruit cultivated by family farmers and used in cooking; as such, it represents an opportunity for regional agribusiness. The Embrapa Eastern Amazon set up an active germplasm bank (BAG) consisting of 22 accessions sampled in 11 municipalities of Pará State. Due to its economic potential, there is an interest to advance the genetic breeding program of this species. The aim of this study was to characterize the BAG nanche collection using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers...
October 17, 2016: Genetics and Molecular Research: GMR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27811682/cryptophlebia-walsingham-1900-thaumatotibia-zacher-1915-and-archiphlebia-komai-horak-2006-in-australia-lepidoptera-tortricidae-olethreutinae-grapholitini
#5
Marianne Horak, Furumi Komai
The Australian species of the grapholitine genera Cryptophlebia Walsingham, 1900, Thaumatotibia Zacher, 1915 and Archiphlebia Komai & Horak, 2006, are revised, described and illustrated. A key to species is provided. Five named species of Cryptophlebia, C. ombrodelta (Lower), C. iridosoma (Meyrick), C. rhynchias (Meyrick) and C. pallifimbriana Bradley, are redescribed and three new species, C. wraggae, sp. nov., C. stigmata, sp. nov., and C. caulicola, sp. nov., are described. Cryptophlebia amblyopa Clarke, described from Micronesia, is synonymised with C...
October 31, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809597/phytochemical-screening-by-lc-ms-and-lc-pda-of-ethanolic-extracts-from-the-fruits-of-kigelia-africana-lam-benth
#6
Rosaria Costa, Ambrogina Albergamo, Vito Pellizzeri, Giacomo Dugo
Kigelia africana is a tree native to Africa, with a local employment in numerous fields, ranging from traditional medicine to cosmetics and religious rituals. Parts of the plant generally used are stem bark, fruits, roots and leaves. The fruits, which have a singular 'sausage' shape, are widely exploited by local folk, in particular for applications/products involving genito-urinary apparatus of both human genders. The scope of this work was to make a consistent chemical investigation on this plant species, in order to clarify and increase the information at present available in literature...
November 4, 2016: Natural Product Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795709/biological-characteristics-and-antimicrobial-activity-of-endophytic-streptomyces-sp-tqr12-4-isolated-from-elite-citrus-nobilis-cultivar-ham-yen-of-vietnam
#7
Phan Thi Hong-Thao, Nguyen Vu Mai-Linh, Nguyen Thi Hong-Lien, Nguyen Van Hieu
Ham Yen orange (Citrus nobilis Lour) is the highly valuable commercial fruit of Vietnam. With the blooming of fruit production and farming area, this specialty crop is facing threats from several serious diseases; therefore the search for new effective biocontrollers is required to prevent the existing excessive use of fertilizers and plant protection chemicals. Endophytic actinomycetes are of great scientific interest due to their high potential of application in agriculture and pharmaceutical research. In this work, endophytic actinomycetes were isolated from a native orange species of Northeast mountainous province Tuyen Quang...
2016: International Journal of Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27793783/cardenolides-from-calotropis-gigantea-as-potent-inhibitors-of-hypoxia-inducible-factor-1-transcriptional-activity
#8
Supawadee Parhira, Guo-Yuan Zhu, Ming Chen, Li-Ping Bai, Zhi-Hong Jiang
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Calotropis gigantea (L.) Dryand (Apocynaceae) is a medicinal plant native to southern China, India and Southeast Asia. It has been traditionally used for the treatment of several diseases including cancers in these countries. AIM OF THE STUDY: This study aimed to isolate bioactive cardenolides from C. gigantea, to screen their hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF-) 1 inhibitory activity, and to analyze the structure-activity relationship (SAR)...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27788775/alpha-ketoglutarate-reduces-ethanol-toxicity-in-drosophila-melanogaster-by-enhancing-alcohol-dehydrogenase-activity-and-antioxidant-capacity
#9
Maria M Bayliak, Halyna V Shmihel, Maria P Lylyk, Kenneth B Storey, Volodymyr I Lushchak
Ethanol at low concentrations (<4%) can serve as a food source for fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster, whereas at higher concentrations it may be toxic. In this work, protective effects of dietary alpha-ketoglutarate (AKG) against ethanol toxicity were studied. Food supplementation with 10-mM AKG alleviated toxic effects of 8% ethanol added to food, and improved fly development. Two-day-old adult flies, reared on diet containing both AKG and ethanol, possessed higher alcohol dehydrogenase (ADH) activity as compared with those reared on control diet or diet with ethanol only...
September 2016: Alcohol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783969/pineapple-ananas-comosus-l-merr-wine-production-in-angola-characterisation-of-volatile-aroma-compounds-and-yeast-native-flora
#10
Eduardo Dellacassa, Oriol Trenchs, Laura Fariña, Florencia Debernardis, Gabriel Perez, Eduardo Boido, Francisco Carrau
A pineapple vinification process was conducted through inoculated and spontaneous fermentation to develop a process suitable for a quality beverage during two successive vintages in Huambo, Angola. Wines obtained with the conventional Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain, were analysed by gas chromatography, and a total of 61 volatile constituents were detected in the volatile fraction and 18 as glycosidically bound aroma compounds. Concentration levels of carbonyl and sulphur compounds were in agreement with the limited information reported about pineapple fruits of other regions...
October 13, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775557/chemical-analysis-of-extracts-from-newfoundland-berries-and-potential-neuroprotective-effects
#11
Mohammad Z Hossain, Emily Shea, Mohsen Daneshtalab, John T Weber
Various species of berries have been reported to contain several polyphenolic compounds, such as anthocyanins and flavonols, which are known to possess high antioxidant activity and may be beneficial for human health. To our knowledge, a thorough chemical analysis of polyphenolics in species of these plants native to Newfoundland, Canada has not been conducted. The primary objective of this study was to determine the polyphenolic compounds present in commercial extracts from Newfoundland berries, which included blueberries (V...
October 19, 2016: Antioxidants (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765208/studies-on-the-volatile-fraction-composition-of-three-native-amazonian-brazilian-fruits-murici-byrsonima-crassifolia-l-malpighiaceae-bacuri-platonia-insignis-m-clusiaceae-and-sapodilla-manilkara-sapota-l-sapotaceae
#12
Thais M Uekane, Luca Nicolotti, Alessandra Griglione, Humberto R Bizzo, Patrizia Rubiolo, Carlo Bicchi, Maria Helena M Rocha-Leão, Claudia M Rezende
The volatile fraction of murici, bacuri and sapodilla are here studied because of their increasing interest for consumers, abundance of production in Brazil, and the general demand for new flavors and aromas. Their volatile profiles were studied by two High Concentration Capacity Headspace techniques (HCC-HS), Headspace Solid Phase Microextraction (HS-SPME) and Headspace Sorptive Extraction (HSSE), in combination with GC-MS. Murici volatile fraction mainly contains esters (38%), carboxylic acids (19%), aldehydes (11%), alcohols (14%), others (13%) and sulfur compounds; bacuri is characterized by terpenes (41%), non-terpenic alcohols (24%), esters (15%), aldehydes (6%), and others (12%); sapodilla consists of esters (33%), alcohols (27%), terpenes (18%) and others (21%)...
March 15, 2017: Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748191/a-brief-review-of-blue-and-bilberries-potential-to-curb-cardio-metabolic-perturbations-focus-on-diabetes
#13
M Carmen Crespo, Francesco Visioli
Some epidemiological studies suggest that increased consumption of anthocyanins is associated with lower risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and hypertension. Also, high consumption of anthocyanin-rich fruit, such as berries, is associated with a lower risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D). In this review, we briefly yet critically assess the available evidence in support of an anti-diabetic role of anthocyanins derived from berries, especially bilberry (Vaccinium myrtillus L., also known as European blueberry, whortleberry, huckleberry and blaeberry) and blueberry (Vaccinium corymbosum, native to the United States)...
October 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744314/wolbachia-in-parasitoids-attacking-native-european-and-introduced-eastern-cherry-fruit-flies-in-europe
#14
Hannes Schuler, Peter Kern, Wolfgang Arthofer, Heidrun Vogt, Maximilian Fischer, Christian Stauffer, Markus Riegler
The eastern cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cingulata Loew (Diptera: Tephritidae), is an economically important pest of cherries in North America. In 1983 it was first reported in Europe where it shares its ecological niche with the native European cherry fruit fly, Rhagoletis cerasi L. (Diptera: Tephritidae). Their coexistence in Europe led to the recent horizontal transmission of the Wolbachia strain wCer1 from R. cerasi to R. cingulata Horizontal Wolbachia transmission is mediated by either sharing of ecological niches or by interacting species such as parasitoids...
October 15, 2016: Environmental Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744131/iridoid-loganic-acid-versus-anthocyanins-from-the-cornus-mas-fruits-cornelian-cherry-common-and-different-effects-on-diet-induced-atherosclerosis-ppars-expression-and-inflammation
#15
Tomasz Sozański, Alicja Z Kucharska, Andrzej Rapak, Dorota Szumny, Małgorzata Trocha, Anna Merwid-Ląd, Stanisław Dzimira, Tomasz Piasecki, Narcyz Piórecki, Jan Magdalan, Adam Szeląg
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Cardiovascular benefits of fruits are attributed mainly to their (poly)phenolic constituents, especially anthocyanins. The main aim of our study is to compare effects of iridoids and anthocyanins from one fruit on diet-induced atherosclerosis. The cornelian cherry is a native or cultivated plant that grows in many European countries, used in cuisine and folk medicine. In our previous study, we showed its constituents and proved that oral administration of lyophilized fruits to hypercholesterolemic rabbits had preventive effects on atherosclerosis through the activation of PPARα expression...
October 5, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737801/insulin-like-plant-proteins-as-potential-innovative-drugs-to-treat-diabetes-the-moringa-oleifera-case-study
#16
P C Paula, J T A Oliveira, D O B Sousa, B G T Alves, A F U Carvalho, O L Franco, I M Vasconcelos
Various plant species have long been used in traditional medicine worldwide to treat diabetes. Among the plant-based compounds with hypoglycemic properties, studies on insulin-like proteins isolated from leaves, fruits and seeds are rarely reported in the relevant literature. Our research group has been investigating the presence of insulin-like proteins in Moringa oleifera, a plant species native to India, and we have obtained a leaf protein isolate and semi-purified derived fractions, as well as a seed coat protein fraction (Mo-SC), with hypoglycemic activity in chemically induced diabetic mice that have increased tolerance to orally administered glucose...
October 10, 2016: New Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27731802/tlc-profiling-nutritional-and-pharmacological-properties-of-siberian-ginseng-eleutherococcus-senticosus-cultivated-in-poland
#17
Daniel Załuski, Helena D Smolarz
The chemical composition and pharmacological activity of E. senticosus cultivated in Poland were investigated. Studies included the assay of TPC and TFC, 2D-TLC identification of phenolic acids, HPTLC-detection of antioxidants, and antioxidative, antileukemic, anti-MMPs properties of E. senticosus. The ethanolic extracts from the roots, spring leaves, fruits, and the chloroform extract from the roots were tested. The richest in polyphenols are the fresh fruits (57.5 mg/g), while in flavonoids the spring leaves (27...
September 2016: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717395/wild-and-native-plants-and-mushrooms-sold-in-the-open-air-markets-of-south-eastern-poland
#18
Renata Kasper-Pakosz, Marcin Pietras, Łukasz Łuczaj
BACKGROUND: The study of plants and fungi sold in open-air markets is an important part of ethnobotanical enquiry. Only few such studies were carried out in Europe. METHODS: Four of the largest open-air markets of south-eastern Poland were visited regularly, and the plants sold in them were recorded between 2013 and 2015. The aim of the study was to record native and/or wild species sold in the markets. All the plants sold in the markets were photographed regularly...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27717178/biological-control-potential-of-entomopathogenic-nematodes-for-management-of-caribbean-fruit-fly-anastrepha-suspensa-loew-tephritidae
#19
William K Heve, Fahiem E El-Borai, Daniel Carrillo, Larry W Duncan
BACKGROUND: Caribbean fruit fly (Caribfly) is a serious economic insect pest because of development of larvae that hatch from eggs oviposited into fruits by female adults. This study assessed virulence of at least 10 entomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) to Caribfly in laboratory bioassays as a starting point toward evaluation of management strategies for the fruit-to-soil-dwelling stages of A. suspensa in fields infested by Caribfly. RESULTS: Inoculation of A. suspensa with 1 ml of ca...
September 22, 2016: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716052/de-novo-assembly-and-transcriptome-characterization-of-spruce-dwarf-mistletoe-arceuthobium-sichuanense-uncovers-gene-expression-profiling-associated-with-plant-development
#20
Yonglin Wang, Xuewu Li, Weifen Zhou, Tao Li, Chengming Tian
BACKGROUND: The parasitic flowering plant dwarf mistletoe (Arceuthobium spp., Viscaceae) is one of the most destructive forest pests, posing a major threat to numerous conifer species worldwide. Arceuthobium sichuanense (spruce dwarf mistletoe, SDM) infects Qinghai spruce (Picea crassifolia) and causes severe damage to spruce forests in Northwest China. SDM is a Chinese native parasitic plant and acquires carbohydrates and mineral nutrition from its hosts. However, underlying molecular basis of the physiological development is largely unknown...
October 1, 2016: BMC Genomics
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