keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Smooth muscle cell motility

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971603/inhibition-of-rhoa-rho-kinase-pathway-and-smooth-muscle-contraction-by-hydrogen-sulfide
#1
Ancy D Nalli, Hongxia Wang, Sayak Bhattacharya, Bryan A Blakeney, Karnam S Murthy
Hydrogen sulfide (H2 S) plays an important role in smooth muscle relaxation. Here, we investigated the expression of enzymes in H2 S synthesis and the mechanism regulating colonic smooth muscle function by H2 S. Expression of cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), but not cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS), was identified in the colonic smooth muscle of rabbit, mouse, and human. Carbachol (CCh)-induced contraction in rabbit muscle strips and isolated muscle cells was inhibited by l-cysteine (substrate of CSE) and NaHS (an exogenous H2 S donor) in a concentration-dependent fashion...
October 2017: Pharmacology Research & Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902181/platelet-derived-growth-factor-receptor-alpha-positive-cells-a-new-cell-type-in-the-human-ureteropelvic-junction
#2
Manuela Hunziker, Anne-Marie O'Donnell, Prem Puri
BACKGROUND: Ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction is the most common cause of congenital hydronephrosis. Normal ureteral motility requires coordinated interaction between neurons, smooth muscle cells (SMCs), and interstitial Cajal-like cells (IC-LCs). Recently, a new type of interstitial cell, platelet-derived growth factor receptor α-positive (PDGFRα(+)) cells, was discovered in the gastrointestinal tract and bladder.MethodsWe used immunohistochemistry to study PDGFRα protein distribution in normal human UPJ and congenital UPJ obstruction...
September 13, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887992/electrospun-vein-grafts-with-high-cell-infiltration-for-vascular-tissue-engineering
#3
Zhikai Tan, Xiangkai Gao, Tong Liu, Yikun Yang, Juchang Zhong, Chunyi Tong, Yongjun Tan
Demand is increasing for functional small-diameter vascular grafts (diameter<6mm) for clinical arterial replacement. In the present study, we develop a bilayer poly(ε-caprolactone, PCL) fibrous vascular graft consisting of a thin internal layer made of longitudinally aligned fibers and a relatively thick highly porous external layer. The internal layer provides a scaffold with the necessary mechanical strength and enhances the growth of endothelial cells, whereas the external layer enhances cell motility through the scaffold bulk...
December 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28881584/dimerization-of-egfr-and-her2-induces-breast-cancer-cell-motility-through-stat1-dependent-acta2-induction
#4
Myeongjin Jeon, Daeun You, Soo Youn Bae, Seok Won Kim, Seok Jin Nam, Hyeon Ho Kim, Sangmin Kim, Jeong Eon Lee
The dimerization of EGFR and HER2 is associated with poor prognosis such as induction of tumor growth and cell invasion compared to when EGFR remains as a homodimer. However, the mechanism for events after dimerization in breast cancer models is not clear. We found that expressions of alpha-smooth muscle actin (ACTA2) and signal transducer and activator of transcription 1 (STAT1) significantly increased with transient or stable overexpression of HER2 in EGFR-positive breast cancer cells. ACTA2 and STAT1 expression was also increased in HER2-positive breast cancer patients...
August 1, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28848093/colonic-pdgfr%C3%AE-overexpression-accompanied-forkhead-transcription-factor-foxo3-up-regulation-in-stz-induced-diabetic-mice
#5
Hongli Lu, Chunmei Zhang, Nina Song, Chen Lu, Ling Tong, Xu Huang, Young-Chul Kim, Jie Chen, Wenxie Xu
BACKGROUND: Colonic transit disorder-induced constipation is a major complication in diabetic patients. PDGFRα+ (platelet-derived growth factor receptor α-positive) cells play critical roles in the inhibitory regulation of colonic motility, and FOXO3 (forkhead transcription factor 3) has a broad range of biological functions. The present study was designed to investigate the relationship between FOXO3 and PDGFRα+ cell proliferation in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic mice. METHODS: The major experimental techniques used in this paper are immunohistochemistry, quantitative RT-RCR and Western blotting for the evaluation of specific protein expression; ChIP assay for identifying the interaction between FOXO3 protein and the PDGFRα promotor; and lentiviral transfection for the overexpression of short hairpin RNAs (shRNAs) to down-regulate FOXO3...
August 28, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816177/electrical-stimulation-of-gut-motility-guided-by-an-in-silico-model
#6
Bradley Brigham Barth, Craig S Henriquez, Warren M Grill, Xiling Shen
OBJECTIVE: Neuromodulation of the central and peripheral nervous systems is becoming increasingly important for treating a diverse set of diseases-ranging from Parkinson's Disease and epilepsy to chronic pain. However, neuromodulation of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract has achieved relatively limited success in treating functional GI disorders, which affect a significant population, because the effects of stimulation on the enteric nervous system (ENS) and gut motility are not well understood...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Neural Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810065/olodaterol-shows-anti-fibrotic-efficacy-in-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-models-of-pulmonary-fibrosis
#7
Franziska Elena Herrmann, Lutz Wollin, Johannes Wirth, Florian Gantner, Bärbel Lämmle, Eva Wex
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal respiratory disease characterized by excessive fibroblast activation ultimately leading to scarring of the lungs. Although, the activation of β2 -adrenergic receptors (β2 -AR) has been shown to inhibit pro-fibrotic events primarily in cell lines, the role of β2 -AR agonism has not yet been fully characterized. The aim of our study was to explore the anti-fibrotic activity of the long-acting β2 -AR-agonist olodaterol in primary human lung fibroblasts, and in murine models of pulmonary fibrosis...
August 15, 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806761/transcriptome-analysis-of-pdgfr%C3%AE-cells-identifies-t-type-ca2-channel-cacna1g-as-a-new-pathological-marker-for-pdgfr%C3%AE-cell-hyperplasia
#8
Se Eun Ha, Moon Young Lee, Masaaki Kurahashi, Lai Wei, Brian G Jorgensen, Chanjae Park, Paul J Park, Doug Redelman, Kent C Sasse, Laren S Becker, Kenton M Sanders, Seungil Ro
Platelet-derived growth factor receptor alpha (PDGFRα)+ cells are distributed into distinct morphological groups within the serosal, muscular, and submucosal layers as well as the myenteric and deep muscular plexi. PDGFRα+ cells directly interact with interstitial cells of Cajal (ICC) and smooth muscle cells (SMC) in gastrointestinal smooth muscle tissue. These three cell types, SMC, ICC, and PDGFRα+ cells (SIP cells), form an electrical syncytium, which dynamically regulates gastrointestinal motility. We have previously reported the transcriptomes of SMC and ICC...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800959/mybph-inhibits-vascular-smooth-muscle-cell-migration-and-attenuates-neointimal-hyperplasia-in-a-rat-carotid-balloon-injury-model
#9
Ting Zhu, Yi He, Jue Yang, Weiguo Fu, Xin Xu, Yi Si
Vascular smooth muscle cell (VSMC) migration is implicated in restenosis. Myosin binding protein H (MYBPH) is capable of reducing cell motility and metastasis. In this study, we sought to determine whether MYBPH is involved in VSMC migration and neointima formation in response to vascular injury. To determine the expression of MYBPH in injured artery, we used a standard rat carotid artery balloon-injury model. In vivo studies have demonstrated that MYBPH is upregulated after vascular injury. VSMCs treated with platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF)-BB displayed increased MYBPH mRNA and protein levels...
August 8, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798257/aquaporin-1-mediated-changes-in-pulmonary-arterial-smooth-muscle-cell-migration-and-proliferation-involve-%C3%AE-catenin
#10
Xin Yun, Haiyang Jiang, Ning Lai, Jian Wang, Larissa A Shimoda
Exposure to hypoxia induces migration and proliferation of pulmonary arterial smooth muscle cells (PASMCs), leading to vascular remodeling and contributing to the development of hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. The mechanisms controlling PASMC growth and motility are incompletely understood, although aquaporin 1 plays an important role. In tumor, kidney and stem cells, AQP1 has been shown to interact with β-catenin, a dual function protein that activates the transcription of crucial target genes (i.e., c-Myc and cyclin D1) related to cell migration and proliferation...
August 10, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782271/comparison-of-nitrergic-signaling-in-circular-and-longitudinal-smooth-muscle-of-murine-ileum
#11
B Voussen, K Beck, N Mauro, J Keppler, A Friebe
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal (GI) motility originates from coordinated movements of circular (CM) and longitudinal (LM) smooth muscle. How the two muscle layers react individually to nitrergic input and how they integrate nitrergic signaling is not thoroughly understood. METHODS: We used immunohistochemistry to unveil expression of NO-sensitive guanylyl cyclase (NO-GC) in the ileum. For functional analyses, we measured tone of ileal CM and spontaneous contractions in both ileal muscle layers from mice lacking NO-GC globally (GCKO) and specifically in smooth muscle cells (SMC-GCKO)...
August 7, 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28765693/jianpi-qingchang-decoction-regulates-intestinal-motility-of-dextran-sulfate-sodium-induced-colitis-through-reducing-autophagy-of-interstitial-cells-of-cajal
#12
Yan-Cheng Dai, Lie Zheng, Ya-Li Zhang, Xuan Chen, De-Liang Chen, Li-Juan Wang, Zhi-Peng Tang
AIM: To investigate the underlying effect of Jianpi Qingchang decoction (JQD) regulating intestinal motility of dextran sulfate sodium (DSS)-induced colitis in mice. METHODS: C57BL/6 mice were randomly divided into four groups: the control group, the DSS group, the JQD group, and the 5-aminosalicylic acid group. Except for the control group, colitis was induced in other groups by giving distilled water containing 5% DSS. Seven days after modeling, the mice were administered corresponding drugs intragastrically...
July 14, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727940/intestinal-transit-time-and-cortisol-mediated-stress-in-zebrafish
#13
Clayton Brady, Maxwell Denora, Ian Shannon, Karl J Clark, Adam Rich
Intestinal motility, the spontaneous and rhythmic smooth muscle contraction, is a complex process that is regulated by overlapping and redundant regulatory mechanisms. Primary regulators intrinsic to the gastrointestinal tract include interstitial cells of Cajal, enteric neurons, and smooth muscle cells. Extrinsic primary regulators include the autonomic nervous system, immune system, and the endocrine system. Due to this complexity, a reductionist approach may be inappropriate if the ultimate goal is to understand motility regulation in vivo...
October 2017: Zebrafish
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705807/augmentation-of-cgmp-pkg-pathway-and-colonic-motility-by-hydrogen-sulfide
#14
Ancy D Nalli, Sayak Bhattacharya, Hongxia Wang, Derek M Kendig, John R Grider, Karnam S Murthy
Hydrogen sulfide (H2S), like nitric oxide (NO), causes smooth muscle relaxation, but unlike NO, does not stimulate soluble guanylyl cyclase (sGC) activity and generate cyclic guanosine 5'-monophosphate (cGMP). The aim of this study was to investigate the interplay between NO and H2S in colonic smooth muscle. In colonic smooth muscle from rabbit, mouse, and human, l-cysteine, substrate of cystathionine-γ-lyase (CSE), or NaHS, an H2S donor, inhibited phosphodiesterase 5 (PDE5) activity and augmented the increase in cGMP levels, IP3 receptor phosphorylation at Ser(1756) (measured as a proxy for PKG activation), and muscle relaxation in response to NO donor S-nitrosoglutathione (GSNO), suggesting augmentation of cGMP/PKG pathway by H2S...
October 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705234/in-silico-characterization-of-cell-cell-interactions-using-a-cellular-automata-model-of-cell-culture
#15
Takanori Kihara, Kosuke Kashitani, Jun Miyake
BACKGROUND: Cell proliferation is a key characteristic of eukaryotic cells. During cell proliferation, cells interact with each other. In this study, we developed a cellular automata model to estimate cell-cell interactions using experimentally obtained images of cultured cells. RESULTS: We used four types of cells; HeLa cells, human osteosarcoma (HOS) cells, rat mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and rat smooth muscle A7r5 cells. These cells were cultured and stained daily...
July 14, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689885/reduction-of-hydrogen-sulfide-synthesis-enzymes-cystathionine-%C3%AE-synthase-and-cystathionine-%C3%AE-lyase-in-the-colon-of-patients-with-hirschsprungs-s-disease
#16
Christian Tomuschat, Anne Marie O'Donnell, David Coyle, Prem Puri
PURPOSE: Hirschsprung's associated enterocolitis (HAEC) is the most common cause of morbidity and mortality in Hirschsprung's Disease (HSCR). The pathogenesis of HAEC is poorly understood. In recent years, there is increasing evidence that a compromised intestinal barrier function plays a major role in the pathogenesis of HAEC. Hydrogen sulfide, synthesized from L-cysteine by two key enzymes, cystathionine-β-synthase (CBS) and cystathionine-γ-lysase (CSE) is reported to play a key role in regulating gastrointestinal motility and promoting resolution of inflammation...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688167/inhibition-of-hyaluronan-synthesis-attenuates-pulmonary-hypertension-associated-with-lung-fibrosis
#17
Scott D Collum, Ning-Yuan Chen, Adriana M Hernandez, Ankit Hanmandlu, Heather Sweeney, Tinne C J Mertens, Tingting Weng, Fayong Luo, Jose G Molina, Jonathan Davies, Ian P Horan, Nick W Morrell, Javier Amione-Guerra, Odeaa Al-Jabbari, Keith Youker, Wenchao Sun, Jayakumar Rajadas, Paul L Bollyky, Bindu H Akkanti, Soma Jyothula, Neeraj Sinha, Ashrith Guha, Harry Karmouty-Quintana
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Group III pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a highly lethal and widespread lung disorder that is a common complication in idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) where it is considered to be the single most significant predictor of mortality. While increased levels of hyaluronan have been observed in IPF patients, hyaluronan-mediated vascular remodelling and the hyaluronan-mediated mechanisms promoting PH associated with IPF are not fully understood. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH: Explanted lung tissue from patients with IPF with and without a diagnosis of PH was used to identify increased levels of hyaluronan...
October 2017: British Journal of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685234/prostanoid-ep3-receptor-agonist-sulprostone-enhances-pacemaker-activity-of-colonic-interstitial-cells-of-cajal
#18
Man Woo Kim, Han Yi Jiao, Seok Won Kim, Chan Guk Park, Mei Jin Wu, Chansik Hong, Seok Choi, Jae Yeoul Jun
EP receptor activation by PGE2 regulates gastrointestinal motility by modulating smooth muscle contractility. Interstitial cells of Cajal (ICCs) are pacemaker cells that regulate smooth muscle activity. We aimed to determine effects of the EP3 receptor agonist sulprostone on pacemaker potentials in colonic ICCs. We performed a whole cell patch clamp, RT-PCR, and Ca(2+) imaging in cultured ICCs from mouse colon. Sulprostone depolarized the membrane and increased pacemaker frequency. EP3 receptor antagonist blocked these sulprostone-induced effects...
July 6, 2017: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678840/diabetes-induced-oxidative-stress-mediates-upregulation-of-rhoa-rho-kinase-pathway-and-hypercontractility-of-gastric-smooth-muscle
#19
Sunila Mahavadi, Wimolpak Sriwai, Olivia Manion, John R Grider, Karnam S Murthy
The pathogenesis of diabetes-associated motility disorders are multifactorial and attributed to abnormalities in extrinsic and intrinsic innervation, and a decrease in the number of interstitial cells of Cajal, and nNOS expression and activity. Here we studied the effect of hyperglycemia on smooth muscle function. Using smooth muscles from the fundus of ob/ob mice and of wild type (WT) mice treated with 30 mM glucose (HG), we identified the molecular mechanism by which hyperglycemia upregulates RhoA/Rho kinase pathway and muscle contraction...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28653858/transplantation-of-a-human-tissue-engineered-bowel-in-an-athymic-rat-model
#20
Elie Zakhem, Riccardo Tamburrini, Giuseppe Orlando, Kenneth L Koch, Khalil N Bitar
Intestinal failure is a serious clinical condition characterized by loss of motility, absorptive function, and malnutrition. Current treatments do not provide the optimal solution for patients due to the numerous resulting complications. A bioengineered bowel that contains the necessary cellular components provides a viable option for patients. In this study, human tissue-engineered bowel (hTEB) was developed using a technique, whereby human-sourced smooth muscle cells were aligned and neoinnervated using human-sourced neural progenitor cells, resulting in the formation of intrinsically innervated smooth muscle sheets...
June 27, 2017: Tissue Engineering. Part C, Methods
keyword
keyword
994
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"