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Derya G Dogan, Yesim Kutluturk, Meltem Kivilcim, Sinem K Canaloglu
BACKGROUND: Generally, pediatricians are the first health caregivers to deliver initial diagnosis of Down syndrome (DS) to the families. However, most of the parents are not satisfied with the contents and how they receive information when their child is born with DS. Pediatric residents should target educational interventions to help parents to overcome with these issues and to provide accurate information. The objective is to assess comfort levels and training requirements of pediatric residents to communicate with parents of babies born with Down syndrome...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
Aline Dill Winck, João Paulo Heinzmann-Filho, Deise Schumann, Helen Zatti, Rita Mattiello, Marcus Herbert Jones, Renato Tetelbom Stein
Objective: To compare somatic growth, lung function, and level of physical activity in schoolchildren who had been very-low-birth-weight preterm infants (VLBWPIs) or normal-birth-weight full-term infants. Methods: We recruited two groups of schoolchildren between 8 and 11 years of age residing in the study catchment area: those who had been VLBWPIs (birth weight < 1,500 g); and those who had been normal-birth-weight full-term infants (controls, birth weight ≥ 2,500 g)...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
Emilio Antonio Luca Gianicolo, Cristina Mangia, Marco Cervino, Antonella Bruni, Bruna De Marchi, Annibale Biggeri, Rosa Porcu, Maria Angela Vigotti
OBIETTIVI: valutare lo stato di salute della popolazione residente nel comune di Manfredonia dal 1970 al 2013. DISEGNO: analisi descrittiva dell'andamento temporale della mortalità generale, per gruppi di cause, dal 1970 al 2013. SETTING E PARTECIPANTI: i dati di mortalità e le popolazioni residenti sono di fonte Istat. Sono state esaminate 55 cause di decesso. Le analisi sono disaggregate per sesso e periodo. PRINCIPALI MISURE DI OUTCOME: sono stati elaborati i rapporti standardizzati di mortalità (SMR%), con i rispettivi intervalli di confidenza al 90% (IC90%), e i tassi di mortalità standardizzati col metodo diretto (TSD )...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
Gisele Ferreira Paris, Francine de Montigny, Sandra Marisa Pelloso
OBJECTIVE: To verify the association between complicated grief and sociodemographic, reproductive, mental, marital satisfaction, and professional support characteristics in women after stillbirth. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with 26 women who had stillbirth in 2013, living in the city of Maringá, Brazil, and eight women who attended the Centre d'Études et de Rechercheen Intervention Familiale at the University of Quebec en Outaouais, in Canada. The instrument was administered as an interview to a small number of mothers of infants up to three months (n=50), who did not participate in the validation study...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Gabriela Tavares Magnabosco, Lívia Maria Lopes, Rubia Laine de Paula Andrade, Maria Eugênia Firmino Brunello, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the offering of health actions and services for the control of tuberculosis for people living with HIV/AIDS being followed up in the Specialized Care Services for HIV/AIDS in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. METHOD: quantitative, exploratory survey study. Participated 253 people living with HIV/AIDS followed up by this service, considering as inclusion criteria: individuals older than 18 years living in the city and not inmates. Data collection was conducted from January 2012 to May 2013 through interviews with the support of a specific instrument...
July 11, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Pauline Filippou, Anobel Odisho, Krishna Ramaswamy, Manint Usawachintachit, Weiguo Hu, Jianxing Li, Thomas Chi
INTRODUCTION: To assess the effect of a hands-on ultrasound training session to teach urologic trainees ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) urology residentes completed a time trial, placing a needle into a phantom model target under ultrasound guidance. Participants were randomized into three educational exposure groups: Group 1's time trial occurred prior to any teaching intervention, group 2's after experiencing a hands-on training module, and group 3's after exposure to both the training module and one-on-one attending feedback...
July 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
Karol Bezerra Thé, Fernanda Martins Gazoni, Guilherme Liausu Cherpak, Isabel Clasen Lorenzet, Luciana Alves Dos Santos, Edlene Maria Nardes, Fânia Cristina Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Pain Assessment Checklist for Seniors with Limited Ability to Communicate - Portuguese in demented elderly and to analyze its measurement properties. METHODS: We evaluated 50 elderly with dementia, residing in a nursing home and with limited communication ability, when exposed to potentially painful situations. The tool was applied at two different moments. First, two interviewers applied it simultaneously, and the intensity of pain was asked based on the caregiver's opinion...
April 2016: Einstein
Francisca Marina de Souza Freire Furtado, José Anderson Galdino Santos, Stedile Loredanna, Eunice Araújo, Ana Alayde Werba Saldanha, Josevânia da Silva
In the 30 years of the AIDS pandemic in Brazil, it is recognized the HIV virus internalization of the phenomenon as a challenge to care and current health policies. In this sense, it aimed to verify sex practices and social representations that rural towns residents have about the disease. Attended by 789 people, men and women, between 18 and 90 years old, residents in 41 towns with fewer than 11,000 inhabitants in the state of Paraiba / Brazil. Data were collected by a questionnaire and the free association of words test...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
Thiago Hérick de Sá, Rafael Henrique Moraes Pereira, Ana Clara Duran, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To present national estimates regarding walking or cycling for commuting in Brazil and in 10 metropolitan regions. METHODS: By using data from the Health section of 2008's Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílio (Brazil's National Household Sample Survey), we estimated how often employed people walk or cycle to work, disaggregating our results by sex, age range, education level, household monthly income per capita, urban or rural address, metropolitan regions, and macro-regions in Brazil...
June 27, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
M A Teresa Morales-Fernández, Pilar Aranda-Ramírez, María López-Jurado, Juan Llopis-González, Pilar Ruiz-Cabello-Turmo, María Del Mar Fernández-Martínez
Objetivos: el objetivo de este estudio fue comprobar la eficacia de un programa de educación e intervención nutricional, de salud integral y ejercicio físico en mujeres posmenopáusicas, incidiendo especialmente en el sector de mujeres fumadoras con el fin de reducir el riesgo cardiovascular de este sector de población. Materiales y métodos: la población objeto de estudio estuvo constituida por 96 mujeres (46-79 años) residentes en Granada (sur de España).Al comienzo del estudio se recogieron las características sociodemográficas y se realizó una valoración nutricional; el consumo de alimentos se evaluó mediante una encuesta de 48 preguntas y un estudio de adhesión a la dieta mediterránea...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
E Miqueleiz, L Lostao, L Reques, C Giráldez-García, E Regidor
BACKGROUND: To show the inequalities in premature mortality according to indicators of material welfare in Navarre. METHODS: All citizens under 75 years of age living in Navarre in 2001 were monitored for seven years to determine their vital status. House size and number of household vehicles was used as the socioeconomic status indicator. The age-adjusted total mortality rate and mortality rate from cause-specific mortality were estimated by these indicators. RESULTS: The rate ratio for all causes of death in the lower categories depending on house size is 1...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Marta Arroyo-Izaga, Virginia Andía Muñoz, Geert Demon
Introducción: la población saharaui residente en los campamentos de Tinduf (Argelia) se considera vulnerable desde el punto de vista nutricional.Objetivos: evaluar los hábitos dietéticos de un grupo de mujeres emigrantes saharauis con el fin de obtener datos para diseñar un programa de educación nutricional (EN) destinado a mujeres residentes en los campamentos.Métodos: la información sobre hábitos dietéticos se registró a través de historias dietéticas. Los resultados de ingesta de macro y micronutrientes se compararon con los rangos aceptables de distribución y los requerimientos medios estimados...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Guillermo Molina Recio, Rafael Moreno Rojas, María García Rodríguez, Manuel Vaquero Abellán
Introducción: un gran número de encuestas nutricionales en Perú han identificado la magnitud y la ubicación de los diferentes tipos de desnutrición, siendo la forma crónica la más prevalente. Sin embargo, aunque las tasas pueden considerarse alarmantes (aún más en las zonas rurales), sólo un trabajo contiene información sobre las características de la ingesta, usando recordatorios de 24 horas (R24). Es decir, se carece de otros sistemas de estudio centrados en conocer las características gastronómicas de sus regiones y la biodisponibilidad de los alimentos, con el fin de localizar el origen de esta situación en cada área y proponer soluciones verdaderamente eficaces y eficientes...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
César Gutiérrez-Samperio
We reviewed the literature covering the medical movement in 1964-1965, which began on November 26, 1964 with the ISSSTE November 20 Hospital scholarship protest and the emergence of the Mexican Resident Interns Physicians Association (Asociación Mexicana de Médicos Residentes e Internos, AMMRI) and the Mexican Medical Alliance (Alianza de Médicos Mexicanos, AMM). We describe four work stoppages, two protest marches, the takeover of hospitals by the police, four interviews with Licenciado Gustavo Diaz Ordaz and his first presidential report...
January 2016: Gaceta Médica de México
María Cristina Rodríguez-Díez, Manuel Alegre, Nieves Díez, Leire Arbea, Marta Ferrer
BACKGROUND: The main factor that determines the selection of a medical specialty in Spain after obtaining a medical degree is the MIR ("médico interno residente", internal medical resident) exam. This exam consists of 235 multiple-choice questions with five options, some of which include images provided in a separate booklet. The aim of this study was to analyze the technical quality of the multiple-choice questions included in the MIR exam over the last five years. METHODS: All the questions included in the exams from 2009 to 2013 were analyzed...
2016: BMC Medical Education
Alejandro Cabello-López, Rodrigo Gopar-Nieto, Guadalupe Aguilar-Madrid, Cuauhtémoc Arturo Juárez-Pérez, Luis Cuauhtémoc Haro-García
The Mexican Medical Movement from 1964-1965 constitutes an important event from the rising urban middle-class, besides it was the first time medical doctors claimed for fair working conditions. The background of this movement is the so-called Crisis of 1958, which included the Movements from the educators union, oil workers union, telegraph workers union and the railroad workers union. The conflict began because interns and residents from the "Hospital 20 de Noviembre" would not get a payment at the end of the year, so on November 26th, 1964, the movement started...
July 2015: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
Jan C Frich, Merete Røthing, Alf Reiar Berge
BACKGROUND: Research suggests that rehabilitation is beneficial for persons with Huntington's disease (HD), but there is limited knowledge about participants' experiences with residential rehabilitation programs. We therefore did a study to explore patients', family caregivers', and health professionals' experiences with a group-based, residential rehabilitation program for individuals with early to mid-stage HD, focusing on three research questions: How did participants experience the structure and content of the program? What outcomes did patients experience? What challenges and success factors did health professionals report? METHODS: Qualitative, explorative study, collecting data through in-depth interviews with nine family caregivers and 11 patients with early- and mid-stage HD, and focus group interviews with 15 health professionals...
2014: BMC Health Services Research
C Jaraba Becerril, M T Sartolo Romeo, M V Villaverde Royo, L Espuis Albas, M Rivas Jiménez
BACKGROUND: Improving patient safety is a priority in all health care centres. It does not appear as a specific area of training in specialty programs. The aim of this study is to evaluate the safety culture of Family Medicine residents (MIR - Médico Interno Residente/Medical Internship and Residency). METHODS: Transversal descriptive study. The Spanish version of the "Hospital Survey on Patient Safety" questionnaire was used. Strengths and opportunities for improving the service of the A & E Department were determined...
September 2013: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
Dina Gaspar, Saul Neves de Jesus, José Pestana Cruz
BACKGROUND: Having as main goal the development of a culture of professional excellence, the Family Medicine residency currently intends to correspond to the principles of adult learning approach, in which motivation for practicing is essential. OBJECTIVES: (1) To analyze the variability of Family Medicine residentes professional motivation, throughout the residency training; (2) To characterize Family Medicine residents perception about the support provided on training, during the residency; (3) To analyze the variability of Family Medicine residents perception about the support provided by the supervisor, throughout the residency...
December 2011: Acta Médica Portuguesa
J Oristrell, A Casanovas, R Jordana, R Comet, M Gil, J C Oliva et al.
BACKGROUND: There are no simple and validated instruments for evaluating the training of specialists. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the reliability and validity of a computerized self-assessment method to quantify the acquisition of medical competences during the Internal Medicine residency program. METHODS: All residents of our department participated in the study during a period of 28 months. Twenty-two questionnaires specific for each rotation (the Computer-Book of the Internal Medicine Resident) were constructed with items (questions) corresponding to three competence domains: clinical skills competence, communication skills and teamwork...
December 2012: Revista Clínica Española
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