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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733072/la-importancia-de-la-farmacovigilancia-intrahospitalaria-en-la-detecci%C3%A3-n-oportuna-de-los-errores-de-medicaci%C3%A3-n
#1
Francisco Villegas, David Figueroa-Montero, Varenka Barbero-Becerra, Eva Juárez-Hernández, Misael Uribe, Norberto Chávez-Tapia, Octavio González-Chon
Introducción: Los pacientes hospitalizados son susceptibles a errores de medicación, que representan entre la cuarta y sexta causa de muerte. El servicio de farmacovigilancia intrahospitalaria interviene en todo el proceso de medicación con el fin prevenir, corregir y evaluar los daños. Objetivo: Analizar los errores de medicación reportados por el sistema de farmacovigilancia de la Fundación Clínica Médica Sur, México, y su impacto en los pacientes. Método: Estudio prospectivo efectuado de 2012 a 2015, en el que se registraron las prescripciones de medicamente a los pacientes...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733069/el-movimiento-m%C3%A3-dico-y-el-doctor-ismael-cos%C3%A3-o-villegas-a-medio-siglo
#2
José Luis Sandoval-Gutiérrez
En 1964, los médicos residentes e internos de la República Mexicana decidieron realizar un paro de labores que se extendió por meses; varios médicos notables decidieron unirse a las causas que motivaron dicho movimiento, entre ellos el director general en ese momento del Sanatorio para Tuberculosos de Huipulco, el doctor Ismael Cosío Villegas, cuya participación y entrega es histórica. La determinación del doctor Cosío Villegas provocó que se le exigiera su renuncia. La comunidad médica aún se desconoce su trayectoria...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733062/actitud-del-personal-m%C3%A3-dico-de-un-servicio-de-pediatr%C3%A3-a-ante-la-muerte-de-los-pacientes
#3
Luz María Sánchez-Sánchez, Edreí Daniel López-Córdova, Pedro Siller-Gómez
Introducción: Los médicos de hospitales de tercer nivel requie-ren alta competencia emocional, ya que enfrentan las de-mandas de enfermos terminales y sus fami-liares. Objetivo: Evaluar la actitud de médicos de un servicio de pediatría ante la muerte de los pacientes. Método: Médicos adscritos y residentes de pediatría contestaron anónimamente el Cuestionario de Actitudes ante la Muerte (CAM). Se utilizaron frecuencias absolutas, porcentajes, medias, desviaciones estándar, t de Student y chi cuadrado...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733061/habilidad-gr%C3%A3-fica-y-num%C3%A3-rica-en-estudiantes-de-medicina-de-pre-y-posgrado-de-una-universidad-privada
#4
Guiliana Mas, Tania Tello, Pedro Ortiz, Dafina Petrova, Rocío García-Retamero
Introducción: Los médicos y estudiantes de medicina necesitan comprender los datos numéricos y gráficos sobre salud para proveer información correcta a los pacientes. Objetivo: Determinar las habilidades gráficas y numéricas en estudiantes y residentes de medicina de una universidad privada de Lima, Perú. Método: Estudio descriptivo, transversal. Se aplicaron las escalas de Habilidad Numérica Objetiva, de Habilidad Numérica Subjetiva y de Habilidad Gráfica a estudiantes de medicina de los dos últimos años de la carrera de medicina y a residentes de medicina...
2018: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29578351/endoscopy-and-sedation-an-inseparable-binomial-for-the-gastroenterologist
#5
Javier Crespo, Álvaro Terán
The development of endoscopy and its increasing demand among the population have led to a growing need for propofol-based sedation techniques. Benefit is indisputable for both patients and endoscopists, but some aspects require considering the "who" and "how" of sedation as related to safety and health care costs. Propofol is first-choice in endoscopy for the European Society of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy because of its fast onset of action and short half-life, and many reports exist on its safety when used by gastroenterologists rather than anesthesiologists...
April 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991274/psychosocial-risks-and-stress-as-predictors-of-burnout-in-junior-doctors-performing-emergency-guards
#6
María Fernández-Prada, Joaquín González-Cabrera, Concepción Iribar-Ibabe, José María Peinado
Objective: To study the stress, the psychosocial risks associated to the job and the burnout, in a group of junior doctors working at the emergency ward; and to analyze what of those variables could predict and are better related with burnout. Methods: Cross-sectional study, with a sample of 42 junior doctors which are on duty in the emergency ward of the University Hospital San Cecilio, Granada (Spain). The Spanish adapted version of the Perceived Stress Scale was used to evaluate stress, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to evaluate the professional burnout and the adapted and scaled questionnaire for the self-evaluation of psychosocial risks at work (CopSoQ-ISTAS21)...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991273/educational-and-evaluation-strategies-in-the-training-of-physician-specialists
#7
Verónica Alejandra Gaona-Flores, Luz Arcelia Campos-Navarro, Jesús Arenas-Osuna, Enrique Alcalá-Martínez
Background: Teaching strategies have been defined as procedures, means or resources that teachers used to promote meaningful learning. Aim: Identify teaching strategies and evaluation used by the professor with residents in tertiary hospitals health care. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with full, associate and assistant professors of various medical specialties. A questionnaire was applied to evaluate the strategies used by professors to teach and evaluate students...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902324/influence-of-sociodemographic-and-clinical-characteristics-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#8
Lara Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Pereira, Cláudia Chaves
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the quality of life of Portuguese patients with schizophrenia and linking it to sociodemographic and clinical aspects. METHOD: A quantitative cross-sectional study carried out with individuals affected by schizophrenia, living in the entire continental territory of Portugal, through application of a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and the Quality of Life Scale short version (QLS7PT). Parametric and non-parametric tests were performed to evaluate the correlation between variables...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902323/hand-hygiene-compliance-of-healthcare-professionals-in-an-emergency-department
#9
Caroline Zottele, Tania Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago, Angela Isabel Dos Santos Dullius, Adriane Cristina Bernat Kolankiewicz, Juliana Dal Ongaro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze compliance with hand hygiene by healthcare professionals in an emergency department unit. METHOD: This is a longitudinal quantitative study developed in 2015 with healthcare professionals from a university hospital in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Each professional was monitored three times by direct non-participant observation at WHO's five recommended moments in hand hygiene, taking the concepts of opportunity, indication and action into account...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793116/urinary-tract-infection-a-cohort-of-older-people-with-urinary-incontinence
#10
Laís Samara de Melo, Flávia Falci Ercole, Danilo Ulisses de Oliveira, Tatiana Saraiva Pinto, Mariana Avendanha Victoriano, Carla Lúcia Goulart Constant Alcoforado
Objective: To evaluate epidemiological aspects of urinary tract infection in older patients with urinary incontinence living in long-term care institutions in Belo Horizonte. Method: Concurrent cohort held from April 1st to October 1st, 2015. The study was conducted in two long-term care institutions in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, with 84 incontinent older people. Results: Cumulative incidence of urinary tract infection was 19% (95% CI: 7.83-23.19) and the incidence density was 3...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793103/falls-in-long-term-care-institutions-for-elderly-people-protocol-validation
#11
Cristina Rosa Soares Lavareda Baixinho, Maria Dos Anjos Coelho Rodrigues Dixe, Maria Adriana Pereira Henriques
Objectives: To validate the content of a fall management risk protocol in long-term institutions for elderly people. Methods: Methodological, quanti-qualitative study using the Delphi technique. The tool, based on the literature, was sent electronically to obtain consensus among the 14 experts that meet the defined inclusion criteria. Results: The 27 indicators of the protocol are organized in three dimensions: prepare for the institutionalization (IRA=...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763079/-medical-movement-in-mexico-to-50-years-open-file
#12
José Luis Sandoval-Gutiérrez
Gutiérrez-Samperio hace una excelente narrativa del movimiento denominado «blanco» hace medio siglo, encabezado por médicos y otros trabajadores de salud, principalmente enfermeras. Es importante revisar los logros y limitaciones que dicho fenómeno alcanzó. Por ejemplo, actualmente el residente que cursa una especialidad cuenta con un reconocimiento institucional, universitario y de profesiones al término de su formación, además de tener una beca económica (probablemente insuficiente) y días de vacaciones programados...
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693697/-therapeutic-residential-care-for-children-and-youth-a-consensus-statement-of-the-international-work-group-on-therapeutic-residential-care
#13
James K Whittaker, Lisa Holmes, Jorge F Del Valle, Frank Ainsworth, Tore Andreassen, James Anglin, Christopher Bellonci, David Berridge, Amaia Bravo, Cinzia Canali, Mark Courtney, Laurah Currey, Daniel Daly, Robbie Gilligan, Hans Grietens, Annemiek Harder, Martha Holden, Sigrid James, Andrew Kendrick, Erick Knorth, Mette Lausten, John Lyons, Eduardo Martin, Samantha McDermid, Patricia McNamara, Laura Palareti, Susan Ramsey, Kari Sisson, Richard Small, June Thoburn, Ronald Thompson, Anat Zeira
Therapeutic Residential Care for Children and Youth: A Consensus Statement of the International Work Group on Therapeutic Residential Care. In many developed countries around the world residential care interventions for children and adolescents have come under increasing scrutiny. Against this background an international summit was organised in England (spring 2016) with experts from 13 countries to reflect on therapeutic residential care (TRC). The following working definition of TRC was leading: “Therapeutic residential care involves the planful use of a purposefully constructed, multi-dimensional living environment designed to enhance or provide treatment, education, socialization, support, and protection to children and youth with identified mental health or behavioral needs in partnership with their families and in collaboration with a full spectrum of community based formal and informal helping resources”...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591355/effect-of-the-inclusion-of-mobile-phone-interviews-to-vigitel
#14
Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rafael Moreira Claro, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact on the prevalence changes of risk factors for chronic diseases, published in the Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel), after the inclusion of data from the population only with mobile phone. METHODS: Our study used data from the 26 State capitals and Federal District of Brazil obtained by the National Survey on Health (PNS) and Vigitel, both held in 2013. In each capital, we added a subsample of 200 adults living in households with only mobile phones, extracted from PNS, to the Vigitel 2013 database, with approximately 1,900 households, named Vigitel dual frame...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591349/family-influence-on-the-consumption-of-sugary-drinks-by-children-under-two-years-old
#15
Patricia Constante Jaime, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Deborah Carvalho Malta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of family habits and household characteristics on the consumption of sugary drinks by Brazilian children under two years old. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that used secondary data generated by the National Health Survey (PNS) in 2013. We studied 4,839 pairs of children under two years old and adults living in the same house. We estimated the prevalence of the indicator of sugary drinks consumption for the total sample of children and according to family and household variables...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591346/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-self-reported-high-blood-pressure-in-brazilian-adults
#16
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with self-reported high blood pressure among adults in Brazilian state capitals. METHODS: The study uses data from Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel - Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors of Noncommunicable Diseases by Telephone Survey) collected in 2013. Prevalence rates and their respective 95% confidence intervals by gender were estimated according to sociodemographic variables, lifestyle, reported noncommunicable diseases and self-rated health status...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562815/health-conditions-and-memory-performance-a-study-with-older-adult-women
#17
Alice Milani Nespollo, Samira Reschetti Marcon, Nathalie Vilma Pollo de Lima, Tatiane Lebre Dias, Mariano Martínez Espinosa
Objective: to verify the correlation between health condition and memory performance of older adult women in the community. Method: Analytical cross-sectional study developed with 28 older adult women living in Cuiabá-MT. They answered the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and a shortened Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) to screen for dementia and depression symptoms. Memory skills were assessed through Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT). Results: The mean age was 66...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562744/common-mental-disorders-and-associated-factors-a-study-of-women-from-a-rural-area
#18
Bibiane Dias Miranda Parreira, Bethania Ferreira Goulart, Vanderlei José Haas, Sueli Riul da Silva, Juliana Cristina Dos Santos Monteiro, Flávia Azevedo Gomes-Sponholz, Bibiane Dias Miranda Parreira, Bethania Ferreira Goulart, Vanderlei José Haas, Sueli Riul da Silva, Juliana Cristina Dos Santos Monteiro, Flávia Azevedo Gomes-Sponholz
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the prevalence of Common Mental Disorders and analyzing the influence of sociodemographic, economic, behavioral and reproductive health variables on Common Mental Disorders in women of childbearing age living in the rural area of Uberaba-MG, Brazil. METHOD: An observational and cross-sectional study. Socio-demographic, economic, behavioral and reproductive health instruments were used, along with the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) to identify common mental disorders...
May 25, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492763/sociodemographic-and-health-factors-associated-with-mortality-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#19
Flávia Silva Arbex Borim, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco, Anita Liberalesso Neri
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify factors associated with mortality, with emphasis on gender and age differences. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, which uses data from the FIBRA-2008-2009 network in Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil, with information on non-institutionalized residents of the urban area and the Mortality Information System. The dependent variable has been death, in 2013. The associations have been tested by odds ratio (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals, and the analyses have been conducted using the program Stata 12...
May 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492761/hospitalization-in-older-adults-association-with-multimorbidity-primary-health-care-and-private-health-plan
#20
Bruno Pereira Nunes, Mariangela Uhlmann Soares, Louriele Soares Wachs, Pâmela Moraes Volz, Mirelle de Oliveira Saes, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Elaine Thumé, Luiz Augusto Facchini
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the association of multimorbidity, primary health care model and possession of a private health plan with hospitalization. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study with 1,593 elderly individuals (60 years old or older) living in the urban area of the city of Bagé, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The outcome was hospitalization in the year preceding the interview. The multimorbidity was evaluated through two cut-off points (≥ 2 and ≥ 3)...
May 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
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