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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076592/assessment-of-laparoscopic-skills-of-gynecology-and-obstetrics-residents-after-a-training-program
#1
Carla Ferreira Kikuchi Fernandes, José Maria Cordeiro Ruano, Lea Mina Kati, Alberto Sinhiti Noguti, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori
Objective: To evaluate laparoscopic skills of third-year Gynecology and Obstetrics residents after training at a training and surgical experimentation center. Methods: Use of a prospective questionnaire analyzing demographic data, medical residency, skills, competences, and training in a box trainer and in pigs. Results: After the training, there was significant improvement in laparoscopic skills according to the residents (before 1.3/after 2...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076591/urban-versus-rural-lifestyle-in-adolescents-associations-between-environment-physical-activity-levels-and-sedentary-behavior
#2
Manuela Ferreira Regis, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Mendes Dos Santos, Ameliane da Conceição Reubens Leonidio, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas
Objective: To analyze the levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents living in urban and rural areas. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-section study with quantitative design, carried out at the regional level. The sample comprised 6,234 students aged 14 to 19 years, selected using random cluster sampling. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis. Results: A total of 74.5% of adolescents lived in urban areas...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076487/technological-information-regarding-prebiotics-and-probiotics-nutrition-versus-the-patent-registers-what-is-new
#3
José Maciel Caldas Dos Reis, Maurício Fortuna Pinheiro, André Takashi Oti, Denilson José Silva Feitosa-Junior, Mauro de Souza Pantoja, Rui Sérgio Monteiro Barros
Introduction: Food is a key factor both in prevention and in promoting human health. Among the functional food are highlighted probiotics and prebiotics. Patent databases are the main source of technological information about innovation worldwide, providing extensive library for research sector. Objective: Perform mapping in the main patent databases about pre and probiotics, seeking relevant information regarding the use of biotechnology, nanotechnology and genetic engineering in the production of these foods...
November 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032874/evoluci%C3%A3-n-de-la-mortalidad-por-accidentes-de-transporte-en-navarra-durante-1999-2013-caracter%C3%A3-sticas-de-las-personas-y-veh%C3%A3-culos-involucrados
#4
P A De la Rosa Fernández-Pacheco, J Delfrade Osinaga, Y Floristán Floristán, R Teijeira Alvarez, C Moreno-Iribas
Fundamento. Se analizan las tendencias de la mortalidad por accidentes de transporte entre 1999 y 2013 y se evalúa el impacto de la introducción del permiso de conducción por puntos en Navarra.Material y métodos. Los datos para la realización de este estudio proceden de los ficheros de defunciones según la causa de muerte que anualmente publica el Instituto Nacional de Estadística (INE). La codificación de la causa de defunción se realizó con la CIE-10, a partir de la información de los documentos estadísticos de defunción y los informes forenses...
December 30, 2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982390/factors-associated-to-caesarean-delivery-in-public-and-private-health-care-systems
#5
Rosana Rosseto de Oliveira, Emiliana Cristina Melo, Elisiane Soares Novaes, Patrícia Louise Rodrigues Varela Ferracioli, Thais Aidar de Freitas Mathias
OBJECTIVE: Identifying factors associated to Caesarean sections among the residents of Maringá-PR, according to the financing source for delivery. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with data from 920 postpartum women interviewed between October 2013 and February 2014. Association analysis was performed by logistic regression. RESULTS: Caesarean section rates were 55.5% in the Unified Healthcare System (SUS) and 93.8% in the private system...
September 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982381/national-survey-on-access-use-and-promotion-of-rational-use-of-medicines-pnaum-household-survey-component-methods
#6
Sotero Serrate Mengue, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Alexandra Crispim Boing, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Paulo Sérgio Dourado Arrais, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Vera Lucia Luiza, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Aluísio Jardim Dornellas de Barros
OBJECTIVE: To describe methodological aspects of the household survey National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines (PNAUM) related to sampling design and implementation, the actual obtained sample, instruments and fieldwork. METHODS: A cross-sectional, population-based study with probability sampling in three stages of the population living in households located in Brazilian urban areas. Fieldwork was carried out between September 2013 and February 2014...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982378/factors-associated-with-low-adherence-to-medicine-treatment-for-chronic-diseases-in-brazil
#7
Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Sotero Serrate Mengue, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Vera Lucia Luiza, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Mareni Rocha Farias, Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol
OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with low adherence to drug treatment for chronic diseases in Brazil. METHODS: Analysis of data from Pesquisa Nacional sobre Acesso, Utilização e Promoção do Uso Racional de Medicamentos (PNAUM - Brazilian Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines), a population-based cross-sectional household survey, based on a probabilistic sample of the Brazilian population. We analyzed the association between low adherence to drug treatment measured by the Brief Medication Questionnaire and demographic, socioeconomic, health, care and prescription factors...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982372/use-of-medicines-and-other-products-for-therapeutic-purposes-among-children-in-brazil
#8
Tatiane da Silva Dal Pizzol, Noemia Urruth Leão Tavares, Andréa Dâmaso Bertoldi, Mareni Rocha Farias, Paulo Sergio Dourado Arrais, Luiz Roberto Ramos, Maria Auxiliadora Oliveira, Vera Lucia Luiza, Sotero Serrate Mengue
OBJECTIVE: To assess the prevalence of the use of medicines and other products for therapeutic purposes in the Brazilian pediatric population and test whether demographic, socioeconomic and health factors are associated with use. METHODS: A cross-sectional population-based study (National Survey on Access, Use and Promotion of Rational Use of Medicines - PNAUM), including 7,528 children aged 12 or younger, living in urban areas in Brazil. Medicine use to treat chronic or acute diseases was reported by the primary caregiver present at the household interview...
December 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869409/communication-skills-of-residents-to-families-with-down-syndrome-babies
#9
Derya G Dogan, Yesim Kutluturk, Meltem Kivilcim, Sinem K Canaloglu
BACKGROUND: Generally, pediatricians are the first health caregivers to deliver initial diagnosis of Down syndrome (DS) to the families. However, most of the parents are not satisfied with the contents and how they receive information when their child is born with DS. Pediatric residents should target educational interventions to help parents to overcome with these issues and to provide accurate information. The objective is to assess comfort levels and training requirements of pediatric residents to communicate with parents of babies born with Down syndrome...
December 1, 2016: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832232/growth-lung-function-and-physical-activity-in-schoolchildren-who-were-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#10
Aline Dill Winck, João Paulo Heinzmann-Filho, Deise Schumann, Helen Zatti, Rita Mattiello, Marcus Herbert Jones, Renato Tetelbom Stein
Objective: To compare somatic growth, lung function, and level of physical activity in schoolchildren who had been very-low-birth-weight preterm infants (VLBWPIs) or normal-birth-weight full-term infants. Methods: We recruited two groups of schoolchildren between 8 and 11 years of age residing in the study catchment area: those who had been VLBWPIs (birth weight < 1,500 g); and those who had been normal-birth-weight full-term infants (controls, birth weight ≥ 2,500 g)...
July 2016: Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia: Publicaça̋o Oficial da Sociedade Brasileira de Pneumologia e Tisilogia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764925/-ecological-study-on-the-mortality-of-residents-in-manfredonia-apulia-region-southern-italy-from-1970-to-2013
#11
Emilio Antonio Luca Gianicolo, Cristina Mangia, Marco Cervino, Antonella Bruni, Bruna De Marchi, Annibale Biggeri, Rosa Porcu, Maria Angela Vigotti
OBIETTIVI: valutare lo stato di salute della popolazione residente nel comune di Manfredonia dal 1970 al 2013. DISEGNO: analisi descrittiva dell'andamento temporale della mortalità generale, per gruppi di cause, dal 1970 al 2013. SETTING E PARTECIPANTI: i dati di mortalità e le popolazioni residenti sono di fonte Istat. Sono state esaminate 55 cause di decesso. Le analisi sono disaggregate per sesso e periodo. PRINCIPALI MISURE DI OUTCOME: sono stati elaborati i rapporti standardizzati di mortalità (SMR%), con i rispettivi intervalli di confidenza al 90% (IC90%), e i tassi di mortalità standardizzati col metodo diretto (TSD )...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27680038/factors-associated-with-the-grief-after-stillbirth-a-comparative-study-between-brazilian-and-canadian-women
#12
Gisele Ferreira Paris, Francine de Montigny, Sandra Marisa Pelloso
OBJECTIVE: To verify the association between complicated grief and sociodemographic, reproductive, mental, marital satisfaction, and professional support characteristics in women after stillbirth. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with 26 women who had stillbirth in 2013, living in the city of Maringá, Brazil, and eight women who attended the Centre d'Études et de Rechercheen Intervention Familiale at the University of Quebec en Outaouais, in Canada. The instrument was administered as an interview to a small number of mothers of infants up to three months (n=50), who did not participate in the validation study...
July 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27627120/tuberculosis-control-in-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#13
Gabriela Tavares Magnabosco, Lívia Maria Lopes, Rubia Laine de Paula Andrade, Maria Eugênia Firmino Brunello, Aline Aparecida Monroe, Tereza Cristina Scatena Villa
OBJECTIVE: to analyze the offering of health actions and services for the control of tuberculosis for people living with HIV/AIDS being followed up in the Specialized Care Services for HIV/AIDS in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. METHOD: quantitative, exploratory survey study. Participated 253 people living with HIV/AIDS followed up by this service, considering as inclusion criteria: individuals older than 18 years living in the city and not inmates. Data collection was conducted from January 2012 to May 2013 through interviews with the support of a specific instrument...
September 9, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27564282/using-an-abdominal-phantom-to-teach-urology-residentes-ultrasound-guided-percutaneous-needle-placement
#14
Pauline Filippou, Anobel Odisho, Krishna Ramaswamy, Manint Usawachintachit, Weiguo Hu, Jianxing Li, Thomas Chi
INTRODUCTION: To assess the effect of a hands-on ultrasound training session to teach urologic trainees ultrasound-guided percutaneous needle placement. MATERIALS AND METHODS: University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) urology residentes completed a time trial, placing a needle into a phantom model target under ultrasound guidance. Participants were randomized into three educational exposure groups: Group 1's time trial occurred prior to any teaching intervention, group 2's after experiencing a hands-on training module, and group 3's after exposure to both the training module and one-on-one attending feedback...
July 2016: International Braz J Urol: Official Journal of the Brazilian Society of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462888/pain-assessment-in-elderly-with-dementia-brazilian-validation-of-the-pacslac-scale
#15
Karol Bezerra Thé, Fernanda Martins Gazoni, Guilherme Liausu Cherpak, Isabel Clasen Lorenzet, Luciana Alves Dos Santos, Edlene Maria Nardes, Fânia Cristina Dos Santos
OBJECTIVE: To validate the Pain Assessment Checklist for Seniors with Limited Ability to Communicate - Portuguese in demented elderly and to analyze its measurement properties. METHODS: We evaluated 50 elderly with dementia, residing in a nursing home and with limited communication ability, when exposed to potentially painful situations. The tool was applied at two different moments. First, two interviewers applied it simultaneously, and the intensity of pain was asked based on the caregiver's opinion...
April 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384279/30-years-later-social-representations-about-aids-and-sexual-practices-of-rural-towns-residents
#16
Francisca Marina de Souza Freire Furtado, José Anderson Galdino Santos, Stedile Loredanna, Eunice Araújo, Ana Alayde Werba Saldanha, Josevânia da Silva
In the 30 years of the AIDS pandemic in Brazil, it is recognized the HIV virus internalization of the phenomenon as a challenge to care and current health policies. In this sense, it aimed to verify sex practices and social representations that rural towns residents have about the disease. Attended by 789 people, men and women, between 18 and 90 years old, residents in 41 towns with fewer than 11,000 inhabitants in the state of Paraiba / Brazil. Data were collected by a questionnaire and the free association of words test...
June 2016: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355465/socioeconomic-and-regional-differences-in-active-transportation-in-brazil
#17
Thiago Hérick de Sá, Rafael Henrique Moraes Pereira, Ana Clara Duran, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To present national estimates regarding walking or cycling for commuting in Brazil and in 10 metropolitan regions. METHODS: By using data from the Health section of 2008's Pesquisa Nacional por Amostra de Domicílio (Brazil's National Household Sample Survey), we estimated how often employed people walk or cycle to work, disaggregating our results by sex, age range, education level, household monthly income per capita, urban or rural address, metropolitan regions, and macro-regions in Brazil...
June 27, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27238798/-in-process-citation
#18
M A Teresa Morales-Fernández, Pilar Aranda-Ramírez, María López-Jurado, Juan Llopis-González, Pilar Ruiz-Cabello-Turmo, María Del Mar Fernández-Martínez
Objetivos: el objetivo de este estudio fue comprobar la eficacia de un programa de educación e intervención nutricional, de salud integral y ejercicio físico en mujeres posmenopáusicas, incidiendo especialmente en el sector de mujeres fumadoras con el fin de reducir el riesgo cardiovascular de este sector de población. Materiales y métodos: la población objeto de estudio estuvo constituida por 96 mujeres (46-79 años) residentes en Granada (sur de España).Al comienzo del estudio se recogieron las características sociodemográficas y se realizó una valoración nutricional; el consumo de alimentos se evaluó mediante una encuesta de 48 preguntas y un estudio de adhesión a la dieta mediterránea...
March 25, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27125605/-inequalities-in-premature-mortality-by-indicators-of-material-welfare-in-navarre-population-monitoring-study-2001-2008
#19
E Miqueleiz, L Lostao, L Reques, C Giráldez-García, E Regidor
BACKGROUND: To show the inequalities in premature mortality according to indicators of material welfare in Navarre. METHODS: All citizens under 75 years of age living in Navarre in 2001 were monitored for seven years to determine their vital status. House size and number of household vehicles was used as the socioeconomic status indicator. The age-adjusted total mortality rate and mortality rate from cause-specific mortality were estimated by these indicators. RESULTS: The rate ratio for all causes of death in the lower categories depending on house size is 1...
2016: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27019252/-in-process-citation
#20
Marta Arroyo-Izaga, Virginia Andía Muñoz, Geert Demon
Introducción: la población saharaui residente en los campamentos de Tinduf (Argelia) se considera vulnerable desde el punto de vista nutricional.Objetivos: evaluar los hábitos dietéticos de un grupo de mujeres emigrantes saharauis con el fin de obtener datos para diseñar un programa de educación nutricional (EN) destinado a mujeres residentes en los campamentos.Métodos: la información sobre hábitos dietéticos se registró a través de historias dietéticas. Los resultados de ingesta de macro y micronutrientes se compararon con los rangos aceptables de distribución y los requerimientos medios estimados...
February 16, 2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
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