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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991274/psychosocial-risks-and-stress-as-predictors-of-burnout-in-junior-doctors-performing-emergency-guards
#1
María Fernández-Prada, Joaquín González-Cabrera, Concepción Iribar-Ibabe, José María Peinado
Objective: To study the stress, the psychosocial risks associated to the job and the burnout, in a group of junior doctors working at the emergency ward; and to analyze what of those variables could predict and are better related with burnout. Methods: Cross-sectional study, with a sample of 42 junior doctors which are on duty in the emergency ward of the University Hospital San Cecilio, Granada (Spain). The Spanish adapted version of the Perceived Stress Scale was used to evaluate stress, the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) to evaluate the professional burnout and the adapted and scaled questionnaire for the self-evaluation of psychosocial risks at work (CopSoQ-ISTAS21)...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991273/educational-and-evaluation-strategies-in-the-training-of-physician-specialists
#2
Verónica Alejandra Gaona-Flores, Luz Arcelia Campos-Navarro, Jesús Arenas-Osuna, Enrique Alcalá-Martínez
Background: Teaching strategies have been defined as procedures, means or resources that teachers used to promote meaningful learning. Aim: Identify teaching strategies and evaluation used by the professor with residents in tertiary hospitals health care. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study conducted with full, associate and assistant professors of various medical specialties. A questionnaire was applied to evaluate the strategies used by professors to teach and evaluate students...
2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902324/influence-of-sociodemographic-and-clinical-characteristics-on-the-quality-of-life-of-patients-with-schizophrenia
#3
Lara Guedes de Pinho, Anabela Pereira, Cláudia Chaves
OBJECTIVE: Evaluating the quality of life of Portuguese patients with schizophrenia and linking it to sociodemographic and clinical aspects. METHOD: A quantitative cross-sectional study carried out with individuals affected by schizophrenia, living in the entire continental territory of Portugal, through application of a sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire and the Quality of Life Scale short version (QLS7PT). Parametric and non-parametric tests were performed to evaluate the correlation between variables...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902323/hand-hygiene-compliance-of-healthcare-professionals-in-an-emergency-department
#4
Caroline Zottele, Tania Solange Bosi de Souza Magnago, Angela Isabel Dos Santos Dullius, Adriane Cristina Bernat Kolankiewicz, Juliana Dal Ongaro
OBJECTIVE: To analyze compliance with hand hygiene by healthcare professionals in an emergency department unit. METHOD: This is a longitudinal quantitative study developed in 2015 with healthcare professionals from a university hospital in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. Each professional was monitored three times by direct non-participant observation at WHO's five recommended moments in hand hygiene, taking the concepts of opportunity, indication and action into account...
August 28, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793116/urinary-tract-infection-a-cohort-of-older-people-with-urinary-incontinence
#5
Laís Samara de Melo, Flávia Falci Ercole, Danilo Ulisses de Oliveira, Tatiana Saraiva Pinto, Mariana Avendanha Victoriano, Carla Lúcia Goulart Constant Alcoforado
Objective: To evaluate epidemiological aspects of urinary tract infection in older patients with urinary incontinence living in long-term care institutions in Belo Horizonte. Method: Concurrent cohort held from April 1st to October 1st, 2015. The study was conducted in two long-term care institutions in the city of Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais, with 84 incontinent older people. Results: Cumulative incidence of urinary tract infection was 19% (95% CI: 7.83-23.19) and the incidence density was 3...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793103/falls-in-long-term-care-institutions-for-elderly-people-protocol-validation
#6
Cristina Rosa Soares Lavareda Baixinho, Maria Dos Anjos Coelho Rodrigues Dixe, Maria Adriana Pereira Henriques
Objectives: To validate the content of a fall management risk protocol in long-term institutions for elderly people. Methods: Methodological, quanti-qualitative study using the Delphi technique. The tool, based on the literature, was sent electronically to obtain consensus among the 14 experts that meet the defined inclusion criteria. Results: The 27 indicators of the protocol are organized in three dimensions: prepare for the institutionalization (IRA=...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763079/-medical-movement-in-mexico-to-50-years-open-file
#7
José Luis Sandoval-Gutiérrez
Gutiérrez-Samperio hace una excelente narrativa del movimiento denominado «blanco» hace medio siglo, encabezado por médicos y otros trabajadores de salud, principalmente enfermeras. Es importante revisar los logros y limitaciones que dicho fenómeno alcanzó. Por ejemplo, actualmente el residente que cursa una especialidad cuenta con un reconocimiento institucional, universitario y de profesiones al término de su formación, además de tener una beca económica (probablemente insuficiente) y días de vacaciones programados...
May 2017: Gaceta Médica de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693697/-therapeutic-residential-care-for-children-and-youth-a-consensus-statement-of-the-international-work-group-on-therapeutic-residential-care
#8
James K Whittaker, Lisa Holmes, Jorge F Del Valle, Frank Ainsworth, Tore Andreassen, James Anglin, Christopher Bellonci, David Berridge, Amaia Bravo, Cinzia Canali, Mark Courtney, Laurah Currey, Daniel Daly, Robbie Gilligan, Hans Grietens, Annemiek Harder, Martha Holden, Sigrid James, Andrew Kendrick, Erick Knorth, Mette Lausten, John Lyons, Eduardo Martin, Samantha McDermid, Patricia McNamara, Laura Palareti, Susan Ramsey, Kari Sisson, Richard Small, June Thoburn, Ronald Thompson, Anat Zeira
Therapeutic Residential Care for Children and Youth: A Consensus Statement of the International Work Group on Therapeutic Residential Care. In many developed countries around the world residential care interventions for children and adolescents have come under increasing scrutiny. Against this background an international summit was organised in England (spring 2016) with experts from 13 countries to reflect on therapeutic residential care (TRC). The following working definition of TRC was leading: “Therapeutic residential care involves the planful use of a purposefully constructed, multi-dimensional living environment designed to enhance or provide treatment, education, socialization, support, and protection to children and youth with identified mental health or behavioral needs in partnership with their families and in collaboration with a full spectrum of community based formal and informal helping resources”...
August 2017: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591355/effect-of-the-inclusion-of-mobile-phone-interviews-to-vigitel
#9
Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Deborah Carvalho Malta, Rafael Moreira Claro, Carlos Augusto Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact on the prevalence changes of risk factors for chronic diseases, published in the Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors for Chronic Diseases by Telephone Survey (Vigitel), after the inclusion of data from the population only with mobile phone. METHODS: Our study used data from the 26 State capitals and Federal District of Brazil obtained by the National Survey on Health (PNS) and Vigitel, both held in 2013. In each capital, we added a subsample of 200 adults living in households with only mobile phones, extracted from PNS, to the Vigitel 2013 database, with approximately 1,900 households, named Vigitel dual frame...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591349/family-influence-on-the-consumption-of-sugary-drinks-by-children-under-two-years-old
#10
Patricia Constante Jaime, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Deborah Carvalho Malta
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the influence of family habits and household characteristics on the consumption of sugary drinks by Brazilian children under two years old. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study that used secondary data generated by the National Health Survey (PNS) in 2013. We studied 4,839 pairs of children under two years old and adults living in the same house. We estimated the prevalence of the indicator of sugary drinks consumption for the total sample of children and according to family and household variables...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591346/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-self-reported-high-blood-pressure-in-brazilian-adults
#11
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Regina Tomie Ivata Bernal, Silvânia Suely Caribé de Araújo Andrade, Marta Maria Alves da Silva, Gustavo Velasquez-Melendez
OBJECTIVE: To analyze factors associated with self-reported high blood pressure among adults in Brazilian state capitals. METHODS: The study uses data from Sistema de Vigilância de Fatores de Risco e Proteção para Doenças Crônicas por Inquérito Telefônico (Vigitel - Surveillance System of Risk and Protection Factors of Noncommunicable Diseases by Telephone Survey) collected in 2013. Prevalence rates and their respective 95% confidence intervals by gender were estimated according to sociodemographic variables, lifestyle, reported noncommunicable diseases and self-rated health status...
June 1, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562815/health-conditions-and-memory-performance-a-study-with-older-adult-women
#12
Alice Milani Nespollo, Samira Reschetti Marcon, Nathalie Vilma Pollo de Lima, Tatiane Lebre Dias, Mariano Martínez Espinosa
Objective: to verify the correlation between health condition and memory performance of older adult women in the community. Method: Analytical cross-sectional study developed with 28 older adult women living in Cuiabá-MT. They answered the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), and a shortened Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) to screen for dementia and depression symptoms. Memory skills were assessed through Rey Auditory Verbal Learning Test (RAVLT). Results: The mean age was 66...
May 2017: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562744/common-mental-disorders-and-associated-factors-a-study-of-women-from-a-rural-area
#13
Bibiane Dias Miranda Parreira, Bethania Ferreira Goulart, Vanderlei José Haas, Sueli Riul da Silva, Juliana Cristina Dos Santos Monteiro, Flávia Azevedo Gomes-Sponholz, Bibiane Dias Miranda Parreira, Bethania Ferreira Goulart, Vanderlei José Haas, Sueli Riul da Silva, Juliana Cristina Dos Santos Monteiro, Flávia Azevedo Gomes-Sponholz
OBJECTIVE: Identifying the prevalence of Common Mental Disorders and analyzing the influence of sociodemographic, economic, behavioral and reproductive health variables on Common Mental Disorders in women of childbearing age living in the rural area of Uberaba-MG, Brazil. METHOD: An observational and cross-sectional study. Socio-demographic, economic, behavioral and reproductive health instruments were used, along with the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ-20) to identify common mental disorders...
May 25, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492763/sociodemographic-and-health-factors-associated-with-mortality-in-community-dwelling-elderly
#14
Flávia Silva Arbex Borim, Priscila Maria Stolses Bergamo Francisco, Anita Liberalesso Neri
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to identify factors associated with mortality, with emphasis on gender and age differences. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study, which uses data from the FIBRA-2008-2009 network in Campinas, State of São Paulo, Brazil, with information on non-institutionalized residents of the urban area and the Mortality Information System. The dependent variable has been death, in 2013. The associations have been tested by odds ratio (OR) and their 95% confidence intervals, and the analyses have been conducted using the program Stata 12...
May 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492761/hospitalization-in-older-adults-association-with-multimorbidity-primary-health-care-and-private-health-plan
#15
Bruno Pereira Nunes, Mariangela Uhlmann Soares, Louriele Soares Wachs, Pâmela Moraes Volz, Mirelle de Oliveira Saes, Suele Manjourany Silva Duro, Elaine Thumé, Luiz Augusto Facchini
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the association of multimorbidity, primary health care model and possession of a private health plan with hospitalization. METHODS: A population-based cross-sectional study with 1,593 elderly individuals (60 years old or older) living in the urban area of the city of Bagé, State of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. The outcome was hospitalization in the year preceding the interview. The multimorbidity was evaluated through two cut-off points (≥ 2 and ≥ 3)...
May 4, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444089/patient-safety-knowledge-between-multiprofessional-residents
#16
João Lucas Campos de Oliveira, Simone Viana da Silva, Pamela Regina Dos Santos, Laura Misue Matsuda, Nelsi Salete Tonini, Anair Lazzari Nicola
Objective: To assess the knowledge of multiprofesional residents in health about the security of the patient theme. Methods: Cross-sectional study, quantitative, developed with graduate courses/residence specialties of health in a public university of Paraná, Brazil. Participants (n=78) answered a questionnaire containing nine objective questions related to patient safety. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, in proportion measures. The minimum 75% of correct answers was considered the cutoff for positive evaluation...
2017: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403369/fear-of-falling-in-older-adults-living-at-home-associated-factors
#17
Luciano Magalhães Vitorino, Carla Araujo Bastos Teixeira, Eliandra Laís Vilas Boas, Rúbia Lopes Pereira, Naiana Oliveira Dos Santos, Célia Alves Rozendo
OBJECTIVE: To identify the factors associated with the fear of falling in the older adultliving at home. METHOD: Cross-sectional study with probabilistic sampling of older adultenrolled in two Family Health Strategies (FHS). The fear of falling was measured by the Brazilian version of the Falls Efficacy Scale-International and by a household questionnairethat contained the explanatory variables. Multiple Linear Regression using the stepwise selection technique and the Generalized Linear Models were used in the statistical analyses...
April 10, 2017: Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da U S P
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099660/socioeconomic-hygienic-and-sanitation-factors-in-reducing-diarrhea-in-the-amazon
#18
Katiuscia Shirota Imada, Thiago Santos de Araújo, Pascoal Torres Muniz, Valter Lúcio de Pádua
OBJECTIVE: To analyze the contributions of the socioeconomic, hygienic, and sanitation improvements in reducing the prevalence of diarrhea in a city of the Amazon. METHODS: In this population-based cross-sectional study, we analyzed data from surveys conducted in the city of Jordão, Acre. In 2005 and 2012, these surveys evaluated, respectively, 466 and 826 children under five years old. Questionnaires were applied on the socioeconomic conditions, construction of houses, food and hygienic habits, and environmental sanitation...
December 22, 2016: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076592/assessment-of-laparoscopic-skills-of-gynecology-and-obstetrics-residents-after-a-training-program
#19
Carla Ferreira Kikuchi Fernandes, José Maria Cordeiro Ruano, Lea Mina Kati, Alberto Sinhiti Noguti, Manoel João Batista Castello Girão, Marair Gracio Ferreira Sartori
Objective: To evaluate laparoscopic skills of third-year Gynecology and Obstetrics residents after training at a training and surgical experimentation center. Methods: Use of a prospective questionnaire analyzing demographic data, medical residency, skills, competences, and training in a box trainer and in pigs. Results: After the training, there was significant improvement in laparoscopic skills according to the residents (before 1.3/after 2...
October 2016: Einstein
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076591/urban-versus-rural-lifestyle-in-adolescents-associations-between-environment-physical-activity-levels-and-sedentary-behavior
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Manuela Ferreira Regis, Luciano Machado Ferreira Tenório de Oliveira, Ana Raquel Mendes Dos Santos, Ameliane da Conceição Reubens Leonidio, Paula Rejane Beserra Diniz, Clara Maria Silvestre Monteiro de Freitas
Objective: To analyze the levels of physical activity and sedentary behavior in adolescents living in urban and rural areas. Methods: An epidemiological, cross-section study with quantitative design, carried out at the regional level. The sample comprised 6,234 students aged 14 to 19 years, selected using random cluster sampling. The χ2 test and binary logistic regression were used in the analysis. Results: A total of 74.5% of adolescents lived in urban areas...
October 2016: Einstein
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