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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743067/-we-must-cooperate-with-one-another-against-the-enemy-agency-and-activism-in-school-aged-children-as-protective-factors-against-ongoing-war-trauma-and-political-violence-in-the-gaza-strip
#1
Guido Veronese, Alessandro Pepe, Alaa Jaradah, Feda Murannak, Housam Hamdouna
This exploratory qualitative study investigated self-perceived risk and protection factors that may reinforce the ability of children living in refugee camps on the Gaza Strip to adjust to a traumatic and risky life context characterized by loss and dispossession. The sample comprised 200 Palestinian children recruited at primary schools in four refugee camps in the Gaza Strip following the Israeli military operation "Pillar of Defence" in 2012. Thematic content analysis was applied to written materials and narratives produced by the children...
July 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743046/multi-informant-assessment-of-siblings-of-youth-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-parent-child-discrepancies-in-at-risk-classification
#2
James A Rankin, Theodore S Tomeny, Tammy D Barry
BACKGROUND: The behavioral and emotional functioning of typically-developing (TD) siblings of youth with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) has been frequently assessed in the literature; however, these assessments typically include only one informant, rarely considering differences between parent and self-reports of sibling adjustment. AIMS: This study examined parent-youth reported informant discrepancies in behavioral and emotional functioning, including whether parent and youth reports yielded the same conclusions regarding TD sibling risk status...
July 22, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742870/factors-contributing-to-food-insecurity-among-women-living-with-hiv-in-the-dominican-republic-a-qualitative-study
#3
Kathryn P Derose, Denise D Payán, María Altagracia Fulcar, Sergio Terrero, Ramón Acevedo, Hugo Farías, Kartika Palar
BACKGROUND: Food insecurity contributes to poor health outcomes among people living with HIV. In Latin America and the Caribbean, structural factors such as poverty, stigma, and inequality disproportionately affect women and may fuel both the HIV epidemic and food insecurity. METHODS: We examined factors contributing to food insecurity among women living with HIV (WLHIV) in the Dominican Republic (DR). Data collection included in-depth, semi-structured interviews in 2013 with 30 WLHIV with indications of food insecurity who resided in urban or peri-urban areas and were recruited from local HIV clinics...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742448/psychometric-properties-of-the-thai-internalized-stigma-scale-tis-lch-for-care-home-residents
#4
Suhathai Tosangwarn, Philip Clissett, Holly Blake
OBJECTIVES: Living in a care home is a source of stigma in Thai culture, although there is currently no measurement tool in the Thai language specifically designed to assess internalized stigma in care home residents. The Thai Version of Internalized Stigma of Living in a Care Home (TIS-LCH) scale was developed and tested for its psychometric properties among Thai older residents. METHODS: The Thai version of Internalized Stigma of Mental Health Illness (ISMI) Scale was revised into the TIS-LCH by replacing the word of "mental health illness" to "living in a care home...
July 5, 2017: Clinical Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742289/tai-chi-exercise-for-the-quality-of-life-in-a-perimenopausal-women-organization-a-systematic-review
#5
Ying Wang, Weichao Shan, Qing Li, Na Yang, Weiying Shan
BACKGROUND: Improvement of the quality of life in perimenopausal women has recently become an important global health issue. Extensive research reports provide evidence of Tai Chi for the quality of life, but no systematic review has individually investigated Tai Chi as a main intervention on the quality of life in perimenopausal women. OBJECTIVE: To assess clinical evidence of Tai Chi for the quality of life in perimenopausal women. METHODS: Studies related to the effect of Tai Chi on the quality of life in perimenopausal women in the databases of China and abroad were searched...
August 2017: Worldviews on Evidence-based Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742245/patients-expectations-on-spinal-cord-stimulation-for-failed-back-surgery-syndrome-a-qualitative-exploration
#6
Dylan J H A Henssen, Nicole Scheepers, Erkan Kurt, Inge Arnts, Monique Steegers, Kris Vissers, Robert van Dongen, Yvonne Engels
BACKGROUND: Spinal cord stimulation (SCS) is an effective therapy to reduce pain in patients that suffer from failed back surgery syndrome (FBSS). In order to inform patients optimally prior to this therapy, knowing their expectations is crucial. METHODS: Thirteen patients suffering from FBSS and scheduled for SCS were interviewed, using a semi-structured protocol. Patients were interviewed either at home or at their treating hospital. Data from these interviews were analyzed using directed content analysis...
July 25, 2017: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740813/social-cognition-in-patients-at-ultra-high-risk-for-psychosis-what-is-the-relation-to-social-skills-and-functioning
#7
Louise B Glenthøj, Birgitte Fagerlund, Carsten Hjorthøj, Jens R M Jepsen, Nikolaj Bak, Tina D Kristensen, Christina Wenneberg, Kristine Krakauer, David L Roberts, Merete Nordentoft
OBJECTIVE: Patients at ultra-high risk (UHR) for psychosis show significant impairments in functioning. It is essential to determine which factors influence functioning, as it may have implications for intervention strategies. This study examined whether social cognitive abilities and clinical symptoms are associated with functioning and social skills. METHODS: The study included 65 UHR patients and 30 healthy controls. Social cognitive function, social skills, and a broad range of functioning measures were assessed...
September 2016: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740812/decoding-emotion-of-the-other-differs-among-schizophrenia-patients-and-schizoaffective-patients-a-pilot-study
#8
Hagar Tadmor, Maya Levin, Tzameret Dadon, Meital E Meiman, Alaa Ajameeh, Hosam Mazzawi, Amihai Rigbi, Ilana Kremer, Idit Golani, Alon Shamir
The deficit in ability to attribute mental states such as thoughts, beliefs, and intentions of another person is a key component in the functional impairment of social cognition in schizophrenia. In the current study, we compared the ability of persons with first episode schizophrenia (FE-SZ) and individuals with schizophrenia displaying symptomatic remission (SZ-CR) to decode the mental state of others with healthy individuals and schizoaffective patients. In addition, we analyzed the effect of dopamine-related genes polymorphism on the ability to decode the mental state of another, and searched for different genetic signatures...
September 2016: Schizophrenia Research. Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28740473/bonding-pictures-affective-ratings-are-specifically-associated-to-loneliness-but-not-to-empathy
#9
Heraldo D Silva, Rafaela R Campagnoli, Bruna Eugênia F Mota, Cássia Regina V Araújo, Roberta Sônia R Álvares, Izabela Mocaiber, Vanessa Rocha-Rego, Eliane Volchan, Gabriela G L Souza
Responding to pro-social cues plays an important adaptive role in humans. Our aims were (i) to create a catalog of bonding and matched-control pictures to compare the emotional reports of valence and arousal with the International Affective Picture System (IAPS) pictures; (ii) to verify sex influence on the valence and arousal of bonding and matched-control pictures; (iii) to investigate if empathy and loneliness traits exert a specific influence on emotional reports for the bonding pictures. To provide a finer tool for social interaction studies, the present work defined two new sets of pictures consisting of "interacting dyads" (Bonding: N = 70) and matched controls "non-interacting dyads" (Controls: N = 70)...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739684/impact-of-parental-cancer-on-children
#10
REVIEW
Binay K Shah, Jeffery Armaly, Erin Swieter
BACKGROUND/AIM: The majority of cancers affect the elderly, but 22.4% of all cases occur in the ages of 21-55. This age range represents common childbearing and child-rearing years, which imply that many of these patients have minor children. Approximately 2.85 million children under 18 live with a parent affected by cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pubmed and Google Scholar were searched to identify literature on impact of parental cancer on children and potential interventions to support parents and children...
August 2017: Anticancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28739559/nurse-moderated-internet-based-support-for-new-mothers-non-inferiority-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Michael G Sawyer, Christy E Reece, Kerrie Bowering, Debra Jeffs, Alyssa C P Sawyer, Murthy Mittinty, John W Lynch
BACKGROUND: Internet-based interventions moderated by community nurses have the potential to improve support offered to new mothers, many of whom now make extensive use of the Internet to obtain information about infant care. However, evidence from population-based randomized controlled trials is lacking. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to test the non-inferiority of outcomes for mothers and infants who received a clinic-based postnatal health check plus nurse-moderated, Internet-based group support when infants were aged 1-7 months as compared with outcomes for those who received standard care consisting of postnatal home-based support provided by a community nurse...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738816/disease-activity-resilience-and-health-related-quality-of-life-in-chinese-patients-with-rheumatoid-arthritis-a-multi-center-cross-sectional-study
#12
Li Liu, Xin Xu, Neili Xu, Lie Wang
BACKGROUND: Positive psychological constructs that can moderate or mediate the negative impact of disease activity on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) have not been explored widely. This study aimed to assess the associations of disease activity, resilience with HRQOL and the moderating and mediating roles of resilience among Chinese RA patients. METHODS: A multi-center, cross-sectional study was conducted in RA inpatients in northeast of China...
July 24, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738311/perception-is-key-does-perceptual-sensitivity-and-parenting-behavior-predict-children-s-reactivity-to-others-emotions
#13
Joyce Weeland, Alithe Van den Akker, Meike Slagt, Samuel Putnam
When interacting with other people, both children's biological predispositions and past experiences play a role in how they will process and respond to social-emotional cues. Children may partly differ in their reactions to such cues because they differ in the threshold for perceiving such cues in general. Theoretically, perceptual sensitivity (i.e., the amount of detection of slight, low-intensity stimuli from the external environment independent of visual and auditory ability) might, therefore, provide us with specific information on individual differences in susceptibility to the environment...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738293/oxytocin-effects-on-emotional-response-to-others-faces-via-serotonin-system-in-autism-a-pilot-study
#14
Mina Fukai, Tetsu Hirosawa, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Yasuomi Ouchi, Tetsuya Takahashi, Yuko Yoshimura, Yoshiaki Miyagishi, Hirotaka Kosaka, Masamichi Yokokura, Etsuji Yoshikawa, Tomoyasu Bunai, Yoshio Minabe
The oxytocin (OT)-related serotonergic system is thought to play an important role in the etiology and social symptoms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, no evidence exists for the relation between the prosocial effect of chronic OT administration and the brain serotonergic system. Ten male subjects with ASD were administered OT for 8-10 weeks in an open-label, single-arm, non-randomized, uncontrolled manner. Before and during the OT treatment, positron emission tomography was used with the ((11)C)-3-amino-4-(2-[(demethylamino)methyl]phenylthio)benzonitrile((11)C-DASB) radiotracer...
June 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738063/atypical-speech-versus-non-speech-detection-and-discrimination-in-4-to-6-yr-old-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-an-erp-study
#15
Alena Galilee, Chrysi Stefanidou, Joseph P McCleery
Previous event-related potential (ERP) research utilizing oddball stimulus paradigms suggests diminished processing of speech versus non-speech sounds in children with an Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). However, brain mechanisms underlying these speech processing abnormalities, and to what extent they are related to poor language abilities in this population remain unknown. In the current study, we utilized a novel paired repetition paradigm in order to investigate ERP responses associated with the detection and discrimination of speech and non-speech sounds in 4- to 6-year old children with ASD, compared with gender and verbal age matched controls...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736884/direct-and-indirect-pathways-from-adverse-childhood-experiences-to-high-school-dropout-among-high-risk-adolescents
#16
Anne S Morrow, Miguel T Villodas
Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with an increased risk for school dropout. This study examined pathways from childhood adversity to school dropout through academic, behavioral, emotional, and social pathways. Data were collected prospectively from 728 adolescents and their caregivers who participated in the Longitudinal Studies of Child Abuse and Neglect and from child protective services records. Path analyses revealed a direct association between ACEs and dropout, as well as indirect effects through poor reading achievement and elevated externalizing problems...
July 24, 2017: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736867/volunteer-peer-support-and-befriending-for-carers-of-people-living-with-dementia-an-exploration-of-volunteers-experiences
#17
Raymond Smith, Vari Drennan, Ann Mackenzie, Nan Greenwood
With ageing populations and greater reliance on the voluntary sector, the number of volunteer-led peer support and befriending services for carers of people with dementia in England is set to increase. However, little is known about the experiences of the volunteers who deliver these interventions, many of whom are former carers. Using in-depth semi-structured interviews with 10 volunteer peer supporters and befrienders, this exploratory study investigated volunteers' experiences of delivering the support, the types of relationships they form with carers and their perceptions of its impact upon them and on carers...
July 24, 2017: Health & Social Care in the Community
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736840/issop-position-statement-on-migrant-child-health
#18
REVIEW
(no author information available yet)
Greater numbers of children are on the move than ever before. In 2015, the number of forcibly displaced people across the globe reached 65.3 million. Of the more than 1 million migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees who arrived in Europe in 2015, nearly one third were children, and 90,000 of these children were unaccompanied. Child migrants are among the most vulnerable, even after arriving at their destination. The health of migrant children is related to their health status before their journey, the conditions during their journey and at their destination, and the physical and mental health of their caregivers...
July 23, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736726/social-and-emotional-wellbeing-screening-for-aboriginal-and-torres-strait-islanders-within-primary-health-care-a-series-of-missed-opportunities
#19
Erika Langham, Janya McCalman, Veronica Matthews, Roxanne Gwendalyn Bainbridge, Barbara Nattabi, Irina Kinchin, Ross Bailie
BACKGROUND: Social and emotional wellbeing (SEWB) is a critical determinant of health outcomes for Indigenous Australians. This study examined the extent to which primary healthcare services (PHSs) undertake SEWB screening and management of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander clients, and the variation in SEWB screening and management across Indigenous PHS. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis between 2012 and 2014 of 3,407 Indigenous client records from a non-representative sample of 100 PHSs in 4 Australian states/territory was undertaken to examine variation in the documentation of: (1) SEWB screening using identified measurement instruments, (2) concern regarding SEWB, (3) actions in response to concern, and (4) follow up actions...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736241/oxytocin-release-via-activation-of-trpm2-and-cd38-in-the-hypothalamus-during-hyperthermia-in-mice-implication-for-autism-spectrum-disorder
#20
REVIEW
Haruhiro Higashida, Teruko Yuhi, Shirin Akther, Sarwat Amina, Jing Zhong, Mingkun Liang, Tomoko Nishimura, Hong-Xiang Liu, Olga Lopatina
Oxytocin (OT) is a critical molecule for social recognition that mediates social and emotional behaviors. OT is released during stress and acts as an anxiolytic factor. To know the precise molecular mechanisms underlying OT release into the brain during stress is important. It has been reported that intracellular concentrations of free calcium in the hypothalamic neurons are elevated by simultaneous stimulation of cyclic ADP-ribose (cADPR) and heat. We have reported in vitro and in vivo data that supports the idea that release of OT in the brain of male mice is regulated by cADPR and fever in relation to stress conditions...
July 20, 2017: Neurochemistry International
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