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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334774/three-column-osteotomy-for-adult-spine-deformity-comparison-of-outcomes-and-complications-between-kyphosis-and-kyphoscoliosis
#1
Jun Qiao, Lingyan Xiao, Xu Sun, Zhen Liu, Zezhang Zhu, Bangping Qian, Yong Qiu
BACKGROUND: To compare the surgical outcomes and complications between kyphosis and kyphoscoliosis when using three-column osteotomies. METHODS: Adult spine deformity (ASD) patients with three column osteotomies from March 2005 to December 2014 in our center were retrospectively reviewed. Pre- and postoperative standing postero-anterior and lateral radiographs of the entire spine were obtained. Scoliosis Research Society-22 questionnaire [SRS-22] and Oswestry Disability Index [ODI] were administered preoperatively, postoperatively (surveys within 2 months after surgery), and at final follow-up...
January 15, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332746/is-pilates-an-effective-rehabilitation-tool-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
Keira Byrnes, Ping-Jung Wu, Stephney Whillier
BACKGROUND: Pilates is a system of exercise focusing upon controlled movement, stretching and breathing. Pilates is popular today not only for physical fitness but also for rehabilitation programs. This paper is a review of the literature on the effectiveness of Pilates as a rehabilitation tool in a wide range of conditions in an adult population. METHODS: A systematic literature review was carried out according to the PRISMA guidelines. Electronic databases were searched for cohort studies or randomised controlled trials (RCTs), and inclusion and exclusion criteria were applied...
January 2018: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318283/screening-for-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-evidence-report-and-systematic-review-for-the-us-preventive-services-task-force
#3
John Dunn, Nora B Henrikson, Caitlin C Morrison, Paula R Blasi, Matt Nguyen, Jennifer S Lin
Importance: Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), a spinal curvature of 10° or more, is the most common form of scoliosis, with a prevalence of 1% to 3%. Curves progress in approximately two-thirds of patients with AIS before skeletal maturity, and large curves (>50°) may be associated with adverse health outcomes. Objective: To systematically review evidence on benefits and harms of AIS screening for the US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). Data Sources: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, ERIC, PubMed, CINAHL, and relevant systematic reviews were searched for studies published from January 1966 to October 20, 2016; studies included in a previous USPSTF report were also reviewed...
January 9, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317368/interdisciplinary-care-model-independently-decreases-use-of-critical-care-services-after-corrective-surgery-for-adult-degenerative-scoliosis
#4
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Amanda R Sergesketter, Michael Ongele, Victoria Vuong, Syed Khalid, Jessica Moreno, Joseph Cheng, Isaac O Karikari, Carlos A Bagley
OBJECTIVE: Interdisciplinary management of elderly patients requiring spine surgery has been shown to improve short and long-term outcomes. The aim of this study is to determine whether an interdisciplinary team approach mitigates use of intensive care unit (ICU) resources. METHODS: A unique co-management model for elderly patients undergoing lumbar fusion surgery was implemented at a major academic medical center. The Peri-operative Optimization of Senior Health Program(POSH) was launched with the aim of improving outcomes in elderly patients(>65-years-old) undergoing complex lumbar spine surgery...
January 6, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316936/perioperative-complications-after-surgical-treatment-in-degenerative-adult-de-novo-scoliosis
#5
Maciej J K Simon, Henry F H Halm, Markus Quante
BACKGROUND: Degenerative adult de novo (DAD) scoliosis appears characteristically in the sixth or seventh decade with symptoms of severe back pain and radiculopathy or spinal claudication. The aim of this study was to enhance the knowledge of perioperative complications and detect possible risk factors in this selective DAD scoliosis surgery. METHODS: This retrospective study included only patients with DAD scoliosis undergone correction spondylodesis with previous failure of conservative treatment...
January 10, 2018: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29315120/ethnic-variations-in-radiographic-parameters-and-srs-22-scores-in-adult-spinal-deformity-a-comparison-between-north-american-and-japanese-patients-above-50-years-of-age-with-minimum-2-year-follow-up
#6
Naobumi Hosogane, Christopher Ames, Morio Matsumoto, Mitsuru Yagi, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Hiroshi Taneichi, Yu Yamato, Daisaku Takeuchi, Frank Schwab, Christopher Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Shay Bess, Virginie Lafage
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of North American and Japanese adult spinal deformity (ASD) database. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the ethnical differences in radiographic parameters and Scoliosis Research Society (SRS)-22 between North American and Japanese ASD. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous comparison study between North American and Japanese ASD patients has revealed Japanese patients had marked pelvic tilt deformity and had lower Oswestry Disability Index scores corresponding to established thresholds of radiographic deformity...
January 8, 2018: Clinical Spine Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295638/postural-asymmetry-in-non-ambulant-adults-with-cerebral-palsy-a-scoping-review
#7
Carlee Holmes, Kim Brock, Prue Morgan
PURPOSE: Non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy are vulnerable to development of postural asymmetry and associated complications. The primary aim of this scoping review was to identify postural deformities in non-ambulant adults with cerebral palsy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Comprehensive searches were undertaken in EMBASE, CINAHL, AMED, Cochrane, Psych INFO, and Joanna Briggs (1986-Jan 2017), supplemented by hand searching. Two reviewers independently extracted data using a customised tool focusing on study design, participant characteristics, postural descriptors, measurement tools, and interventions...
January 2, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287822/srs-22r-minimum-clinically-important-difference-and-substantial-clinical-benefit-after-adult-lumbar-scoliosis-surgery
#8
Leah Y Carreon, Michael P Kelly, Charles H Crawford, Christine R Baldus, Steven D Glassman, Christopher I Shaffrey, Keith H Bridwell
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal cohort. OBJECTIVES: To determine if the minimum clinically important difference (MCID) and substantial clinical benefit (SCB) thresholds for the Scoliosis Research Society-22R (SRS22R) domains in patients with degenerative lumbar scoliosis are similar to those in patients with adult spinal deformity (ASD) with fusions extending into the thoracic spine. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The MCID and SCB thresholds for the SRS22R domains in patients with ASD and adolescent idiopathic scoliosis have been reported...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29287820/health-related-quality-of-life-scores-underestimate-the-impact-of-major-complications-in-lumbar-degenerative-scoliosis-surgery
#9
Steven D Glassman, Keith H Bridwell, Christopher I Shaffrey, Charles C Edwards, Jon D Lurie, Christine R Baldus, Leah Y Carreon
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. OBJECTIVE: To examine Charlson Comorbidity Index (CCMI) as a marker for deterioration in health status not reflected in standard Health Related Quality of Life (HRQOL) measures. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: HRQOL has become a primary metric for assessing outcomes following spinal deformity surgery. However, studies have reported limited impact of complications on postoperative HRQOL outcomes. METHODS: We examined serial CCMI, complications, and HRQOL outcomes for 138 adult lumbar deformity patients treated surgically with a minimum two-year follow-up that included 126 females (91%) with a mean age of 59...
January 2018: Spine Deformity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285106/pediatric-chiari-malformation-type-i-long-term-outcomes-following-small-bone-window-posterior-fossa-decompression-with-autologous-fascia-duraplasty
#10
Hai Liu, Chenlong Yang, Jun Yang, Yulun Xu
Chiari malformation type I (CM-I) is a common hindbrain disorder that is associated with deformity and elongation of the cerebellar tonsils. Although CM-I occurs in both pediatric and adult patients, its prevalence, clinical features and management in the pediatric population are not well defined. The current study evaluated a consecutive case series of 92 children (38 females and 54 males) who were diagnosed with congenital CM-I. All patients underwent small-bone-window posterior fossa decompression with autologous-fascia duraplasty...
December 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29273483/growth-hormone-receptor-ghr-gene-polymorphism-and-scoliosis-in-prader-willi-syndrome
#11
Merlin G Butler, Waheeda Hossain, Maaz Hassan, Ann M Manzardo
OBJECTIVE: A growth hormone receptor (GHR) gene polymorphism impacts sensitivity to endogenous and exogenous growth hormone (GH) to moderate growth and development. Increased sensitivity may accelerate spinal growth and contribute to scoliosis, particularly in GH-deficient and treated populations such as Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Therefore, we examined the relationship between GHR genotype and scoliosis (case and control) in PWS cohorts. DESIGN: We utilized a case-control design in a study of 73 subjects (34M; 39F) with genetically confirmed PWS in 32 individuals previously diagnosed with moderate to severe scoliosis (mean age=16...
December 6, 2017: Growth Hormone & IGF Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238098/mesh-hiatal-reinforcement-in-laparoscopic-nissen-fundoplication-for-neurologically-impaired-children-is-safe-and-feasible
#12
Hizuru Amano, Yujiro Tanaka, Hiroshi Kawashima, Kyoichi Deie, Keisuke Suzuki, Michimasa Fujiogi, Kaori Morita, Tadashi Iwanaka, Hiroo Uchida
Fundoplication is a standard treatment for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) in neurologically impaired children. However, it has a high recurrence rate due to wrap herniation and disruption resulting from the failure or enlargement of the esophageal hiatus suture site. In adult patients with GERD, reinforcement of the sutured esophageal hiatus with a mesh significantly reduces the recurrence rate after surgery for esophageal hiatus hernia. In children, there are no big series of fundoplication with mesh reinforcement...
November 2017: Nagoya Journal of Medical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229292/shoe-lifts-for-leg-length-discrepancy-in-adults-with-common-painful-musculoskeletal-conditions-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#13
REVIEW
T Mark Campbell, Bahareh Bahram Ghaedi, Elizabeth Tanjong Ghogomu, Vivian Welch
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether shoe lifts effectively treat leg length discrepancy (LLD)-associated morbidities in adults with common painful musculoskeletal conditions. DATA SOURCES: TRIP, CENTRAL, PubMed, PEDro and National Guideline Clearinghouse databases. The search was performed in September 2017, limited to English-only, and had no time constraints. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently determined study eligibility. Inclusion criteria were: (1) participants ≥18 years-old with musculoskeletal-related complaints and LLD, (2) a shoe lift intervention was used, and (3) the study reported on pain, function, range of motion, patient satisfaction, quality of life, or adverse events...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228056/back-and-neck-pain-and-function-in-females-with-adolescent-idiopathic-scoliosis-a-follow-up-at-least-23-years-after-conservative-treatment-with-a-milwaukee-brace
#14
Ewa Misterska, Jakub Głowacki, Adam Okręt, Maria Laurentowska, Maciej Głowacki
We aimed to explore the long-term outcomes of back and neck pain and functionality in adult females with adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS), who had been treated with a Milwaukee brace, in a follow-up study a minimum of 23 years after the completion of the treatment, using radiological, clinical and socio-demographical data. Thirty AIS patients (scoliosis group-SG), were included in the study based on an extensive search of Pediatric Orthopedics and Traumatology Clinic charts. All treatments were successfully completed between 1974 and 1990...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227363/psychosocial-factors-and-surgical-outcomes-in-adult-spinal-deformity-do-dementia-patients-have-more-complications
#15
Courtney S Toombs, Justin C Paul, Baron S Lonner
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected, national inpatient hospital database. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate comorbid psychiatric disorders in the ASD population. We hypothesized that a high incidence of comorbid psychiatric disorders in ASD would negatively impact perioperative outcomes. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Adult spinal fusion (ASF) patients suffer from severe back pain and often depression. Psychiatric comorbidities in the adult spinal deformity (ASD) population are not well understood, despite the apparent psychological effects of spinal deformity-related self-image...
December 8, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215503/minimum-detectable-measurement-difference-mdmd-for-health-related-quality-of-life-hrql-measures-varies-according-age-and-disability-in-adult-spinal-deformity-asd-implications-for-calculating-minimal-clinically-important-difference-mcid
#16
Michael P Kelly, Han Jo Kim, Christopher P Ames, Douglas C Burton, Leah Yacat Carreon, David W Polly, Richard Hostin, Amit Jain, Jeffrey L Gum, Virginie Lafage, Frank J Schwab, Christopher I Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Shay Bess
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the minimum detectable measurement difference (MDMD) in the Scoliosis Research Society-22r (SRS-22r) outcomes instrument in adult spinal deformity (ASD) and to evaluate the effect of baseline data on measurable difference. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The minimum clinically important difference (MCID) is the smallest, clinically relevant change observed and has been proposed for the SRS-22r instrument in ASD as 0...
December 5, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200654/scoliosis-deformity-reduction-in-adults-a-cbp%C3%A2-mirror-image%C3%A2-case-series-incorporating-the-non-commutative-property-of-finite-rotation-angles-under-addition-in-five-patients-with-lumbar-and-thoraco-lumbar-scoliosis
#17
Deed E Harrison, Paul A Oakley
[Purpose] This case series presents the unique application of the non-commutative property of finite rotation angles under addition to the CBP® mirror image® treatment protocol for adult lumbar and thoraco-lumbar scoliosis. [Subjects and Methods] Five adult patients having lumbar/thoraco-lumbar scoliosis and back pain, and having at least two prominent thoracic postural abnormalities according to Harrison's rotations and translations of thoracic postures were included. After initial assessment, mirror-image stress x-rays were taken...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196274/neuromuscular-diseases-diagnosis-and-management
#18
REVIEW
P Mary, L Servais, R Vialle
Neuromuscular diseases (NMDs) affect the peripheral nervous system, which includes the motor neurons and sensory neurons; the muscle itself; or the neuromuscular junction. Thus, the term NMDs encompasses a vast array of different syndromes. Some of these syndromes are of direct relevance to paediatric orthopaedic surgeons, either because the presenting manifestation is a functional sign (e.g., toe walking) or deformity (e.g., pes cavus or scoliosis) suggesting a need for orthopaedic attention or because orthopaedic abnormalities requiring treatment develop during the course of a known NMD...
November 28, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193149/case-study-scoliosis-in-a-bonobo-pan-paniscus
#19
Hallie Mason Smith Lloyd, Claire A Kirchhoff
Differential diagnosis of observed morphological features on an adult male bonobo skeleton was consistent with idiopathic scoliosis. Directional asymmetry was an order of magnitude higher compared with asymptomatic skeletons. This possible case of idiopathic scoliosis contributes to data that suggest a weaker tie between bipedalism and scoliosis than previously hypothesized.
November 29, 2017: Journal of Medical Primatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191095/male-sex-may-not-be-associated-with-worse-outcomes-in-primary-all-posterior-adult-spinal-deformity-surgery-a-multicenter-analysis
#20
David B Bumpass, Lawrence G Lenke, Jeffrey L Gum, Christopher I Shaffrey, Justin S Smith, Christopher P Ames, Shay Bess, Brian J Neuman, Eric Klineberg, Gregory M Mundis, Frank Schwab, Virginie Lafage, Han Jo Kim, Douglas C Burton, Khaled M Kebaish, Richard Hostin, Renaud Lafage, Michael P Kelly
OBJECTIVE Adolescent spine deformity studies have shown that male patients require longer surgery and have greater estimated blood loss (EBL) and complications compared with female patients. No studies exist to support this relationship in adult spinal deformity (ASD). The purpose of this study was to investigate associations between sex and complications, deformity correction, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in patients with ASD. It was hypothesized that male ASD patients would have greater EBL, longer surgery, and more complications than female ASD patients...
December 2017: Neurosurgical Focus
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