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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187750/study-on-age-dependent-pre-existing-2009-pandemic-influenza-virus-t-and-b-cell-responses-from-chinese-population
#1
Jin Lv, Zhen-Yong Ren, Ying-Ying Zhang, Yun-E Liu, Jun Gao, Kun Yao, Dan Feng, Zhen-Yuan Li, Xin Feng, Yun-Xi Liu, Na Jia
BACKGROUND: The outbreak of the 2009 H1N1 influenza pandemic (H1N1pdm) affected thousands of people in Mexico and the United States, and spread rapidly throughout the world from April 2009 to July 2010. To explore the age-specific prevalence of seroprotection against H1N1pdm infection, we estimated pre-existing humoral and cellular immunities of residents in Northern China against H1N1pdm and seasonal H1N1 virus in an age-dependent manner. METHODS: Anonymous serum samples were collected from 1425 to 1434 adult healthy individuals before and after the pandemic outbreak, and then grouped by birth year 1913-1990...
February 10, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182750/chemoprophylaxis-with-sporozoite-immunization-in-p-knowlesi-rhesus-monkeys-confers-protection-and-elicits-sporozoite-specific-memory-t-cells-in-the-liver
#2
Sathit Pichyangkul, Michele D Spring, Kosol Yongvanitchit, Utaiwan Kum-Arb, Amporn Limsalakpetch, Rawiwan Im-Erbsin, Ratawan Ubalee, Pattaraporn Vanachayangkul, Edmond J Remarque, Evelina Angov, Philip L Smith, David L Saunders
Whole malaria sporozoite vaccine regimens are promising new strategies, and some candidates have demonstrated high rates of durable clinical protection associated with memory T cell responses. Little is known about the anatomical distribution of memory T cells following whole sporozoite vaccines, and immunization of nonhuman primates can be used as a relevant model for humans. We conducted a chemoprophylaxis with sporozoite (CPS) immunization in P. knowlesi rhesus monkeys and challenged via mosquito bites. Half of CPS immunized animals developed complete protection, with a marked delay in parasitemia demonstrated in the other half...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179523/progesterone-based-contraceptives-reduce-adaptive-immune-responses-and-protection-against-sequential-influenza-a-virus-infections
#3
Olivia J Hall, Raffael Nachbagauer, Meghan S Vermillion, Ashley L Fink, Vanessa Phuong, Florian Krammer, Sabra L Klein
In addition to their intended use, progesterone (P4)-based contraceptives promote anti-inflammatory immune responses, yet their effects on the outcome of infectious diseases, including influenza A virus (IAV), are rarely evaluated. To evaluate their impact on immune responses to sequential IAV infections, adult female mice were treated with placebo or one of two progestins, P4 or levonorgestrel (LNG), and infected with mouse adapted (ma) H1N1 virus. Treatment with P4 or LNG reduced morbidity, but had no effect on pulmonary virus titers, during primary H1N1 infection as compared to placebo treatment...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28164171/diminished-cd103-%C3%AE-e%C3%AE-7-expression-on-resident-t-cells-from-the-female-genital-tract-of-hiv-positive-women
#4
David C Moylan, Paul A Goepfert, Mirjam-Colette Kempf, Michael S Saag, Holly E Richter, Jiri Mestecky, Steffanie Sabbaj
BACKGROUND: Tissue resident memory T cells (TrM) provide an enhanced response against infection at mucosal surfaces, yet their function has not been extensively studied in humans, including the female genital tract (FGT). METHODS: Using polychromatic flow cytometry, we studied TrM cells, defined as CD62L-CCR7-CD103(+)CD69(+) CD4(+) and CD8(+) T cells in mucosa-derived T cells from healthy and HIV-positive women. RESULTS: We demonstrate that TrM are present in the FGT of healthy and HIV-positive women...
October 2016: Pathogens & Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159905/cutting-edge-tissue-resident-memory-t-cells-generated-by-multiple-immunizations-or-localized-deposition-provide-enhanced-immunity
#5
Brooke Davies, Julia E Prier, Claerwen M Jones, Thomas Gebhardt, Francis R Carbone, Laura K Mackay
Tissue-resident memory T cells (TRM) have been shown to afford superior protection against infection, particularly against pathogens that enter via the epithelial surfaces of the body. Although TRM are often concentrated at sites of prior infection, it has been shown that TRM can disseminate throughout the body. We examined the relative effectiveness of global versus targeted CD8(+) TRM lodgment in skin. The site of initial T cell priming made little difference to skin lodgement, whereas local inflammation and Ag recognition enhanced TRM accumulation and retention...
February 3, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28142201/lymph-node-and-circulating-t-cell-characteristics-are-strongly-correlated-in-end-stage-renal-disease-patients-but-highly-differentiated-t-cells-reside-within-the-circulation
#6
Burç Dedeoglu, Annelies E de Weerd, Ling Huang, Anton W Langerak, Frank J Dor, Mariska Klepper, Wenda Verschoor, Derek Reijerkerk, Carla C Baan, Nicolle H R Litjens, Michiel G H Betjes
BACKGROUND: Ageing is associated with changes in the peripheral T-cell immune system, which can be significantly influenced by latent cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection. To what extent changes in circulating T-cell populations correlate with T-cell composition of the lymph node (LN) is unclear, but crucial for a comprehensive understanding of the T-cell system. METHODS: T cells from peripheral blood (PB) and LN of end-stage renal disease patients were analyzed for frequency of recent thymic emigrants using CD31 expression and T-cell receptor excision circle content, relative telomere length and expression of differentiation markers...
January 31, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28140404/particulate-air-pollutants-apoe-alleles-and-their-contributions-to-cognitive-impairment-in-older-women-and-to-amyloidogenesis-in-experimental-models
#7
M Cacciottolo, X Wang, I Driscoll, N Woodward, A Saffari, J Reyes, M L Serre, W Vizuete, C Sioutas, T E Morgan, M Gatz, H C Chui, S A Shumaker, S M Resnick, M A Espeland, C E Finch, J C Chen
Exposure to particulate matter (PM) in the ambient air and its interactions with APOE alleles may contribute to the acceleration of brain aging and the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Neurodegenerative effects of particulate air pollutants were examined in a US-wide cohort of older women from the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study (WHIMS) and in experimental mouse models. Residing in places with fine PM exceeding EPA standards increased the risks for global cognitive decline and all-cause dementia respectively by 81 and 92%, with stronger adverse effects in APOE ɛ4/4 carriers...
January 31, 2017: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138136/t-cell-responses-in-the-central-nervous-system
#8
REVIEW
Thomas Korn, Axel Kallies
T cells are required for immune surveillance of the central nervous system (CNS); however, they can also induce severe immunopathology in the context of both viral infections and autoimmunity. The mechanisms that are involved in the priming and recruitment of T cells to the CNS are only partially understood, but there has been renewed interest in this topic since the 'rediscovery' of lymphatic drainage from the CNS. Moreover, tissue-resident memory T cells have been detected in the CNS and are increasingly recognized as an autonomous line of host defence...
January 31, 2017: Nature Reviews. Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112260/an-altered-endometrial-cd8-tissue-resident-memory-t-cell-population-in-recurrent-miscarriage
#9
J H Southcombe, G Mounce, K McGee, A Elghajiji, J Brosens, S Quenby, T Child, I Granne
When trying to conceive 1% of couples have recurrent miscarriages, defined as three or more consecutive pregnancy losses. This is not accounted for by the known incidence of chromosomal aneuploidy in miscarriage, and it has been suggested that there is an immunological aetiology. The endometrial mucosa is populated by a variety of immune cells which in addition to providing host pathogen immunity must facilitate pregnancy. Here we characterise the endometrial CD8-T cell population during the embryonic window of implantation and find that the majority of cells are tissue resident memory T cells with high levels of CD69 and CD103 expression, proteins that prevent cells egress...
January 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102212/erratum-programs-for-the-persistence-vigilance-and-control-of-human-cd8-lung-resident-memory-t-cells
#10
Pleun Hombrink, Christina Helbig, Ronald A Backer, Berber Piet, Anna E Oja, Regina Stark, Giso Brasser, Aldo Jongejan, René E Jonkers, Benjamin Nota, Onur Basak, Hans C Clevers, Perry D Moerland, Derk Amsen, René A W van Lier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 19, 2017: Nature Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099920/prognostic-implications-of-intratumoral-cd103-tumor-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-pulmonary-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#11
Jaemoon Koh, Sehui Kim, Moon-Young Kim, Heounjeong Go, Yoon Kyung Jeon, Doo Hyun Chung
CD103 is the αE subunit of αEβ7 integrin that is expressed in tissue-resident memory T cells, where it promotes cytotoxic T cell responses against tumors. However, little is known about its expression or clinicopathological implications in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). This study investigated the prognostic implications of CD103+ tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) in NSCLC. We established two cohorts: patients with resected NSCLC (n = 132) and patients with pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma (pSCC), a subset of NSCLC (n = 378), to estimate the prognostic significance of CD103+ TILs...
January 13, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098193/non-pathogenic-tissue-resident-cd8-t-cells-uniquely-accumulate-in-the-brains-of-lupus-prone-mice
#12
Peter A Morawski, Chen-Feng Qi, Silvia Bolland
Severe lupus often includes psychiatric and neurological sequelae, although the cellular contributors to CNS disease remain poorly defined. Using intravascular staining to discriminate tissue-localized from blood-borne cells, we find substantial accumulation of CD8(+) T cells relative to other lymphocytes in brain tissue, which correlates with lupus disease and limited neuropathology. This is in contrast to all other affected organs, where infiltrating CD4(+) cells are predominant. Brain-infiltrating CD8(+) T cells represent an activated subset of those found in the periphery, having a resident-memory phenotype (CD69(+)CD122(-)PD1(+)CD44(+)CD62L(-)) and expressing adhesion molecules (VLA-4(+)LFA-1(+)) complementary to activated brain endothelium...
January 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081153/dermal-%C3%AE-%C3%AE-t-cells-do-not-freely-re-circulate-out-of-skin-and-produce-il-17-to-promote-neutrophil-infiltration-during-primary-contact-hypersensitivity
#13
Xiaodong Jiang, Chang Ook Park, Jenna Geddes Sweeney, Min Jae Yoo, Olivier Gaide, Thomas Seth Kupper
The role of mouse dermal γδ T cells in inflammatory skin disorders and host defense has been studied extensively. It is known that dendritic epidermal T cells (DETC) have a monomorphic γδ T cell receptor (TCR) and reside in murine epidermis from birth. We asked if dermal γδ cells freely re-circulated out of skin, or behaved more like dermal resident memory T cells (TRM) in mice. We found that, unlike epidermal γδ T cells (DETC), dermal γδ cells are not homogeneous with regard to TCR, express the tissue resident T cell markers CD69 and CD103, bear skin homing receptors, and produce IL-17 and IL-22...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051085/intrinsic-4-1bb-signals-are-indispensable-for-the-establishment-of-an-influenza-specific-tissue-resident-memory-cd8-t-cell-population-in-the-lung
#14
A C Zhou, L E Wagar, M E Wortzman, T H Watts
The induction of long-lived heterotypic T-cell protection against influenza virus remains elusive, despite the conservation of T-cell epitopes. T-cell protection against influenza is critically dependent on lung-resident memory T cells (Trm). Here we show that intranasal administration of 4-1BBL along with influenza nucleoprotein in a replication-defective adenovirus vector to influenza pre-immune mice induces a remarkably stable circulating effector memory CD8 T-cell population characterized by higher IL-7Rα expression than control-boosted T cells, as well as a substantial lung parenchymal CD69(+) CD8 Trm population, including both CD103(+) and CD103(-) cells...
January 4, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051084/enrichment-of-herpes-simplex-virus-type-2-hsv-2-reactive-mucosal-t-cells-in-the-human-female-genital-tract
#15
C M Posavad, L Zhao, L Dong, L Jin, C E Stevens, A S Magaret, C Johnston, A Wald, J Zhu, L Corey, D M Koelle
Local mucosal cellular immunity is critical in providing protection from HSV-2. To characterize and quantify HSV-2-reactive mucosal T cells, lymphocytes were isolated from endocervical cytobrush and biopsy specimens from 17 HSV-2-infected women and examined ex vivo for the expression of markers associated with maturation and tissue residency and for functional T-cell responses to HSV-2. Compared with their circulating counterparts, cervix-derived CD4+ and CD8+ T cells were predominantly effector memory T cells (CCR7-/CD45RA-) and the majority expressed CD69, a marker of tissue residency...
January 4, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28031339/staphylococcus-aureus-protein-a-disrupts-immunity-mediated-by-long-lived-plasma-cells
#16
Amanda B Keener, Lance T Thurlow, SunAh Kang, Nicholas A Spidale, Stephen H Clarke, Kenji M Cunnion, Roland Tisch, Anthony R Richardson, Barbara J Vilen
Infection with Staphylococcus aureus does not induce long-lived protective immunity for reasons that are not completely understood. Human and murine vaccine studies support a role for Abs in protecting against recurring infections, but S. aureus modulates the B cell response through expression of staphylococcus protein A (SpA), a surface protein that drives polyclonal B cell expansion and induces cell death in the absence of costimulation. In this murine study, we show that SpA altered the fate of plasmablasts and plasma cells (PCs) by enhancing the short-lived extrafollicular response and reducing the pool of bone marrow (BM)-resident long-lived PCs...
February 1, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025060/liver-sinusoidal-endothelial-cell-cross-priming-is-supported-by-cd4-t-cell-derived-il-2
#17
Michaela Wittlich, Michael Dudek, Jan P Böttcher, Oliver Schanz, Silke Hegenbarth, Tobias Bopp, Edgar Schmitt, Christian Kurts, Christoph Garbers, Stefan Rose John, Percy A Knolle, Dirk Wohlleber
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (LSECs) are prominent liver-resident antigen (cross-)presenting cells. LSEC cross-priming of naïve CD8 T cells does not require CD4 T cell help in contrast to priming by dendritic cells (DC) but leads to the formation of memory T cells that is preceded by transient Granzyme B (GzmB) expression. Here we provide evidence for a so far unrecognized CD4 T helper cell function in LSEC-induced CD8 T cell activation. METHODS: Naïve CD8 T cells and differentiated T helper 1 (Th1) cells were stimulated by antigen-presenting LSEC, and GzmB expression in CD8 T cells was determined by flow cytometry...
December 23, 2016: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018970/interlesional-diversity-of-t-cell-receptors-in-melanoma-with-immune-checkpoints-enriched-in-tissue-resident-memory-t-cells
#18
Chandra Sekhar Boddupalli, Noffar Bar, Krishna Kadaveru, Michael Krauthammer, Natopol Pornputtapong, Zifeng Mai, Stephan Ariyan, Deepak Narayan, Harriet Kluger, Yanhong Deng, Rakesh Verma, Rituparna Das, Antonella Bacchiocchi, Ruth Halaban, Mario Sznol, Madhav V Dhodapkar, Kavita M Dhodapkar
Heterogeneity of tumor cells and their microenvironment can affect outcome in cancer. Blockade of immune checkpoints (ICPs) expressed only on a subset of immune cells leads to durable responses in advanced melanoma. Tissue-resident memory T (TRM) cells have recently emerged as a distinct subset of memory T cells in nonlymphoid tissues. Here, we show that functional properties and expression of ICPs within tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) differ from those of blood T cells. TILs secrete less IL-2, IFN-γ, and TNF-α compared with circulating counterparts, and expression of VEGF correlated with reduced TIL infiltration...
December 22, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018343/very-late-antigen-1-marks-functional-tumor-resident-cd8-t-cells-and-correlates-with-survival-of-melanoma-patients
#19
Timothy Murray, Silvia A Fuertes Marraco, Petra Baumgaertner, Natacha Bordry, Laurène Cagnon, Alena Donda, Pedro Romero, Grégory Verdeil, Daniel E Speiser
A major limiting factor in the success of immunotherapy is tumor infiltration by CD8(+) T cells, a process that remains poorly understood. In the present study, we characterized homing receptors expressed by human melanoma-specific CD8(+) T cells. Our data reveal that P-selectin binding and expression of the retention integrin, very late antigen (VLA)-1, by vaccine-induced T cells correlate with longer patient survival. Furthermore, we demonstrate that CD8(+)VLA-1(+) tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) are highly enriched in melanoma metastases in diverse tissues...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28012718/skin-resident-effector-memory-cd8-cd28-t-cells-exhibit-a-pro-fibrotic-phenotype-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#20
Gang Li, Adriana T Larregina, Robyn T Domsic, Donna B Stolz, Thomas A Medsger, Robert Lafyatis, Patrizia Fuschiotti
Loss of CD28 expression by CD8+ T cells occurs with age and during chronic inflammatory conditions. CD8+CD28- T cells are a heterogeneous cell subpopulation whose function ranges from immunosuppressive to effector. Here we analyzed the role of CD8+CD28- T cells in the pathogenesis of systemic sclerosis (SSc), a connective tissue disorder characterized by autoimmunity, vasculopathy and extensive cutaneous and visceral fibrosis. We show that the frequency of CD8+CD28- T cells is increased in the blood and affected skin of SSc patients, independent of patient age, and correlates with the extent of skin fibrosis...
December 21, 2016: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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