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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484226/pattern-analysis-of-laser-tattoo-interactions-for-picosecond-and-nanosecond-domain-1-064-nm-neodymium-doped-yttrium-aluminum-garnet-lasers-in-tissue-mimicking-phantom
#1
Keun Jae Ahn, Zhenlong Zheng, Tae Rin Kwon, Beom Joon Kim, Hye Sun Lee, Sung Bin Cho
During laser treatment for tattoo removal, pigment chromophores absorb laser energy, resulting in fragmentation of the ink particles via selective photothermolysis. The present study aimed to outline macroscopic laser-tattoo interactions in tissue-mimicking (TM) phantoms treated with picosecond- and nanosecond-domain lasers. Additionally, high-speed cinematographs were captured to visualize time-dependent tattoo-tissue interactions, from laser irradiation to the formation of photothermal and photoacoustic injury zones (PIZs)...
May 8, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471785/keloidal-scarring-from-the-at-home-use-of-intense-pulsed-light-for-tattoo-removal
#2
Daniel P Friedmann, Vineet Mishra, Sara Buckley
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 28, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28464516/photobiomodulation-therapy-on-wound-treatment-subsequent-to-q-switched-nd-yag-laser-tattoo-removal-in-rat-model
#3
Nada Abusalah Almabrouk Imrigha, Noriah Bidin, Pik Suan Lau, Nurfatin Musa, Nurlaily Zakaria, Ganesan Krishnan
Q-switched Nd: YAG laser is the most effective laser for tattoo removal. Photobiomodulation (PBM) therapy is an alternative method applied to accelerate the wound healing. This paper investigated the effects of PBM therapy using 808 nm diode laser on tattooed skin after laser tattoo removal. Forty-five rats were selected and tattooed with black ink on their dorsal, and then distributed into three groups. G0 was received non-laser irradiation. G1 was treated by laser tattoo removal using 1064 nm with energy density of 3...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Biophotonics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441655/cutaneous-complications-related-to-tattoos-31-cases-from-finland
#4
Nicolas Kluger
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous complications related to permanent tattoos affect 2-30% of those patients who have tattooed their skin. Little is known about the cases of tattoo complications in Finland. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a retrospective review of a series of Finnish patients with cutaneous tattoo reactions. METHODS: We collected cases of tattoo reactions from the Department of Dermatology at Helsinki University Central Hospital, from members of the Finnish dermatological society and from various other sources (author's private practice, tattooists, professional internet forum)...
April 26, 2017: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28405265/socio-epidemiologic-aspects-and-cutaneous-side-effects-of-permanent-tattoos-in-germany-tattoos-are-not-restricted-to-a-specific-social-phenotype
#5
Cornelia Sigrid Lissi Müller, Angela Oertel, Rebecca Körner, Claudia Pföhler, Thomas Vogt
Background: More and more people of all age classes have a tattoo. Intriguingly, there are multiple prejudices in the general population and published data that concern tattooed persons, such as being criminals, having a low education, being alcohol or drug abusers, or more risky in their life style. Objective: To obtain and to evaluate sociodemographic data on tattooed persons, to investigate the incidence of tattoo-related cutaneous complications and to define personal risk factors and course of the persons after being tattooed concerning behavior of personal environment...
2017: Dermato-endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28394665/comparison-of-q-switched-nd-yag-laser-alone-versus-its-combination-with-ultra-pulse-co2-laser-for-the-treatment-of-black-tattoo
#6
Mithila Vanarase, Ram Krishan Gautam, Pooja Arora, Sonali Bajaj, Neha Meena, Ananta Khurana
BACKGROUND: Q-switched lasers are conventionally used for the treatment of black tattoo. However they require multiple sittings and the response may be slow due to competing epidermal pigment in dark skin. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of Q Switched Nd:YAG laser alone with its combination with ultrapulse CO2 in black tattoo removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Sixty patients of black tattoo were randomized into two groups. Group A was treated with QS Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm) alone and group B received combination of ablative ultrapulse CO2 followed by fixed dose QS Nd:YAG laser (1064 nm), at 6 weeks interval for a maximum of 6 sittings...
April 10, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392660/primary-cutaneous-aspergillosis-after-tattoo-removal-using-a-1-064-nm-q-switched-nd-yag-laser-in-an-immunocompetent-patient
#7
Hyeong-Rae Kim, Jung-Min Shin, Jin-Hyup Lee, Hae-Eul Lee, Myung Im, Young Lee, Chang-Deok Kim, Young-Joon Seo, Jeung-Hoon Lee
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2017: Annals of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28360964/picosecond-lasers-a-new-and-emerging-therapy-for-skin-of-color-minocycline-induced-pigmentation-and-tattoo-removal
#8
Jeannette Jakus, Ajay Kailas
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319270/evaluation-of-a-transparent-perfluorodecalin-infused-patch-as-an-adjunct-to-laser-assisted-tattoo-removal-a-pivotal-trial
#9
Brian S Biesman, Cara Costner
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Laser-assisted treatment of tattoos is well recognized to produce opaque epidermal whitening that prevents multiple sequential passes during a single treatment session. The amount of epidermal whitening produced in association with the procedure can be minimized by topical application of perfluorodecalin (PFD), which is an optical clearing agent. This pivotal trial assessed the ability of a transparent PFD-infused patch used in conjunction with a Q-switched nanosecond laser in the treatment of tattoos to permit multiple laser passes during a single 5 minute treatment session in comparison to the number of passes that could be completed using conventional treatment of the tattoo with the laser alone...
March 20, 2017: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288468/surgical-treatment-of-tattoo-complications
#10
Mitra Sepehri, Bo Jørgensen
With a continuing increase in the number of tattoos performed worldwide, the need to treat tattoo complications is growing. Earlier treatments of chronic inflammatory tattoo reactions were dominated by a medical approach, or with no active intervention. In this chapter, we will address modern surgical approaches applied to situations when medical treatment is inefficient and lasers are not applicable. Dermatome shaving is positioned as first-line treatment of allergic tattoo reactions and also indicated in a number of other tattoo reactions, supplemented with excision in selected cases...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288465/atlas-of-illustrative-cases-of-tattoo-complications
#11
Jørgen Serup
Tattoos, and tattoo complications as well, are colorful and visually flashy. A clinical outlook provides important clues to diagnosis by pattern recognition. This atlas,which is a report of 79 case illustrations, is made as a practical tool and vade mecum for the clinician. The atlas can be used in the office and as a bedside tool. It includes characteristic photos, and each case is accompanied with a brief medical history, a comment with learning points, the final diagnosis, and a review of therapeutic options...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288463/guide-to-treatment-of-tattoo-complications-and-tattoo-removal
#12
Jørgen Serup, Wolfgang Bäumler
Clinicians in the fields of general medicine, dermatology, and plastic surgery are in their work now and then confronted with tattoo complications. Recognizing the rather few important diagnostic groups and urgencies, the medical 'decision tree' of treatment becomes quite simple. Acute conditions are dominated by bacterial infections needing antibiotic treatment. Systemic infection is a matter of urgency and requires intravenous treatment in a hospital without delay to prevent septic shock. Inflammatory reactions are a real challenge...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288459/new-and-advanced-picosecond-lasers-for-tattoo-removal
#13
Maurice A Adatto, Ruthie Amir, Jayant Bhawalkar, Rafael Sierra, Richard Bankowski, Doran Rozen, Christine Dierickx, Moshe Lapidoth
Early methods of tattoo removal ultimately resulted in unacceptable cosmetic outcomes. While the introduction of laser technology was an improvement over the existing chemical, mechanical, and surgical procedures, the use of nonselective tattoo removal with carbon dioxide and argon lasers led to scarring. Q-switched lasers with nanosecond (10-9) pulse domains were considered to have revolutionized tattoo treatment, by selectively heating the tattoo particles, while reducing the adverse sequelae to adjacent normal skin...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288453/medical-treatment-of-tattoo-complications
#14
Jørgen Serup
Tattooing is a skin trauma and involves a special vulnus punctatum (with inserted tattoo ink, a vulnus venenatum), which should heal with no infection and no local complication. Local treatment in the healing phase ideally builds on the 'moist wound' principle using plastic film, hydrocolloids, silver dressing, and compression. Bacterial infections during healing are treated with oral antibiotics, and a list of first-line antibiotics is proposed. Notice is given to severe infections with affected general condition, and it is emphasized that intravenous antibiotic treatment must be instituted as early as possible to prevent septic shock and death...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288451/how-to-diagnose-and-classify-tattoo-complications-in-the-clinic-a-system-of-distinctive-patterns
#15
Jørgen Serup
Tattoo complications represent a broad spectrum of clinical entities and disease mechanisms. Infections are known, but chronic inflammatory reactions have hitherto been inconsistently reported and given many interpretations and terms. A clinical classification system of distinct patterns with emphasis on inflammatory tattoo reactions is introduced. Allergic reactions prevalent in red tattoos and often associated with azo pigments are manifested as the 'plaque elevation', 'excessive hyperkeratosis', and 'ulceronecrotic' patterns...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288450/laser-treatment-of-tattoos-basic-principles
#16
Wolfgang Bäumler
Tattooing has become very popular worldwide during the past decades, and millions of people have one or many tattoos at different anatomical sites. The color of tattoos is mainly black, followed by red, green, blue, and other colors. A part of the tattooed people regret tattooing or have permanent problems with tattoos and therefore seek for tattoo removal. Tattoos consist of solid pigment particles in the skin. Thus, tattoo removal requires fragmentation of these permanently incorporated particles. The gold standard of tattoo removal is laser therapy...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288449/laser-surgeon-client-education-and-satisfaction-with-tattoo-removal
#17
Katrina Hutton Carlsen, Jørgen Esmann, Jørgen Serup
Studies of satisfaction with tattoo removal outcomes by laser, rated by clients themselves, including qualitative aspects, are sparse. We studied long-term results and client satisfaction with tattoo removal by Q-switched YAG laser. Client satisfaction is influenced by numerous factors: pretreatment expectations, objective observations, pretreatment information, laser treatment procedures, and outcome, including subjective experiences such as pain. Client-surgeon interaction during the full laser treatment course is a major determinant of client satisfaction...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288448/removal-of-tattoos-by-q-switched-nanosecond-lasers
#18
Syrus Karsai
Tattoo removal by Q-switched nanosecond laser devices is generally a safe and effective method, albeit a time-consuming one. Despite the newest developments in laser treatment, it is still not possible to remove every tattoo completely and without complications. Incomplete removal remains one of the most common challenges. As a consequence, particular restraint should be exercised when treating multicoloured tattoos, and patients need to be thoroughly informed about remaining pigment. Other frequent adverse effects include hyper- and hypopigmentation as well as ink darkening; the latter is particularly frequent in permanent make-up...
2017: Current Problems in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28270308/tattoos-very-popular-not-so-innocent
#19
REVIEW
María Daniela Hermida, Hugo Néstor Cabrera
Tattooing is a popular practice worldwide. Its origin dates back to the year 5000 BCE with a frozen mummy and travels across time through diverse cultures and places until it reaches the modern occidental world. Inks and materials used for tattooing are poorly controlled and carry potential risks of skin reactions. The procedure itself is also not innocuous. In this review, different types of tattoos are mentioned and associated dermatologic conditions are discussed. Unfortunately, treatment and removal procedures are often poor in effectiveness and lead to unwanted results...
2017: Skinmed
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138959/growing-trend-of-tattooing-and-its-complications-in-nigeria
#20
REVIEW
Olusola O Ayanlowo, Shakirat A Gold-Olufadi, Ayesha O Akinkugbe, Erere Otrofanowei, Charles N Nga, Yetunde M Olumide
Tattoo, a Polynesian word meaning 'to mark', is a form of body modification done by inserting indelible ink into the dermis to change its pigmentation. Tattoos are done for social, cultural, and religious purposes. It has been in existence since the 18th century and was associated with sailors, lower class individuals, and criminals. However, since the late 20th century, tattooing has undergone a redefinition and shifted to an acceptable form of expression all over the world, including Nigeria, cutting across almost all age groups and socioeconomic class...
January 31, 2017: International Journal of Dermatology
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