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Tattoo removal

K J Ahn, B J Kim, S B Cho
BACKGROUND: Laser therapy is the treatment of choice in tattoo removal. However, the precise mechanisms of laser-tattoo pigment interactions remain to be evaluated. METHODS: We evaluated the geometric patterns of laser-tattoo pigment particle interactions using a tattoo pigment-embedded tissue-mimicking (TM) phantom. RESULTS: A Q-switched (QS) neodymium-doped yttrium aluminum garnet laser was used at settings of 532-, 660-, and 1064-nm wavelengths, single-pulse and quick pulse-to-pulse treatment modes, and spot sizes of 4 and 7 mm...
November 20, 2016: Skin Research and Technology
E Hope Weissler, Julie B Schnur, Andreas M Lamelas, Marisa Cornejo, Elan Horesh, Peter J Taub
INTRODUCTION: Satisfaction with breast reconstruction is thought to be greatest among patients who complete nipple and areolar complex (NAC) reconstruction. Anecdotally, many patients are known to decline NAC reconstruction. The authors aimed to characterize the epidemiology of and factors associated with incomplete breast reconstruction. METHODS: Breast reconstruction patients with follow-up in a single institution's electronic medical record system were reviewed...
November 15, 2016: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Binod Kumar Thakur, Shikha Verma
BACKGROUND: Tattooing has become increasingly popular, particularly among young people. However, little is known about the tattoo practices in North-East India. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study was to know the reasons and motivations of tattoo application and tattoo removal in individuals asking for tattoo removal. The secondary objective was to identify the demography, methods and safety of tattoo practices in these tattooed individuals. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was carried out in 212 consecutive individuals seeking tattoo removal...
July 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
N Malca, L Boulart, W Noel, A de Runz, M Chaouat, M Mimoun, D Boccara
Not only has tattooing been socially performed for thousands of years, but it has also been part and parcel of medical practice since antiquity. In our day and age, plastic surgeons are ever more frequently compelled to deal with tattooing - and with tattoo removal procedures, as well. While the process itself may appear harmless, it is not without risk and necessitates use of suitable tools and management by expert hands.
October 15, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
Lina I Naga, Tina S Alster
Tattoo art has been around for thousands of years in every culture and is currently flourishing in all age groups, social classes, and occupations. Despite the rising popularity of tattoos, demand for their removal has also increased. While various treatments, including surgical excision, dermabrasion, and chemical destruction have historically been applied, over the past 2 decades, lasers have revolutionized the way tattoos are treated and have become the gold standard of treatment. To achieve optimal cosmetic outcome of treatment, lasers emitting high energies and short pulses are required to adequately destroy tattoo ink...
October 8, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
Robert A Weiss, David H McDaniel, Margaret A Weiss, Anne Marie Mahoney, Karen L Beasley, Christian R Halvorson
INTRODUCTION: Picosecond lasers have been reported to be effective for removal of tattoo pigment. This prospective study evaluated the efficacy and safety of the treatment of peri-oral and -ocular wrinkles using a novel diffractive lens array coupled with a picosecond 755 nm alexandrite laser. METHODS: Forty female subjects presenting with wrinkles from photodamage were enrolled in an IRB approved study. Subjects received four picosecond diffractive lens array treatments to the full face at 1 month intervals...
September 29, 2016: Lasers in Surgery and Medicine
Arne A Meesters, Menno A De Rie, Albert Wolkerstorfer
Allergic tattoo reactions form a therapeutically difficult entity. Treatment with conventional quality-switched lasers does not completely remove the allergenic particles and may lead to generalized hypersensitivity reactions. Recently, ablative fractional laser therapy was introduced as a treatment for allergic tattoo removal. We present two cases of allergic reactions to red tattoo ink treated with 10,600-nm fractional CO2 laser. At the end of treatment, almost complete removal of red ink accompanied by a significant reduction of symptoms was observed in the first patient, whereas the second patient developed an acute generalized eczematous reaction after five treatments...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
F Pinto, S Große-Büning, S Karsai, C Weiß, W Bäumler, S Hammes, M Felcht, C Raulin
In Germany, some 9-12% of the general population has a tattoo.(1,2) In the younger population of 18-30 year olds the approximate incidence is higher with 25%.(3,4) It is estimated that 6% of the tattooed people want a professional removal 10-15 years after the tattooing.(3,5,6,7) The main reasons for removal are enhancement of self-esteem and social, domestic and family reasons.(7) This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
August 12, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Christhardt Köhler, Tariane Foiato, Simone Marnitz, Achim Schneider, Xin Le, Nasuh Utku Dogan, Tatiana Pfiffer, Anna Elena Jacob, Andrea Mölgg, Ingke Hagemann, Giovanni Favero
STUDY OBJECTIVE: To report the presence of tattoo ink affected pelvic lymph nodes in women with early cervical cancer and to discuss its potential oncological and surgical consequences. DESIGN CLASSIFICATION: Prospective observational study. SETTING: University Hospital in Hamburg, Germany. BACKGROUND: Skin tattoos on the feet, legs, and lower abdominal wall are progressively gaining popularity. Consequently, the number of tattooed women with cervical cancer has significantly increased in the last decade...
July 28, 2016: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology
William Kirby, Dylan B Alston, Alan H Chen
BACKGROUND: Laser tattoo removal using quality switched technology is widely accepted as the standard of care. Determining the risk of hypertrophic scarring and keloid formation more precisely delineates the safety of this procedure and improves patient education regarding the risk of scarring. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the incidence of hypertrophic scarring and keloids in a large patient population following treatment with a Q-switched neodymium-doped:yttrium-aluminum-garnet laser...
May 2016: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
K Greveling, E P Prens, N Ten Bosch, M van Doorn
BACKGROUND: Pain is a common adverse effect during dermatological laser procedures. Currently, no standard topical anaesthetic cream exists for deeper dermal laser procedures. OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of lidocaine/tetracaine cream and lidocaine/prilocaine cream in reducing self-reported pain during deeper dermal laser treatments of acne keloidalis nuchae (AKN) and tattoos. METHODS: We conducted two randomized, double-blind, controlled clinical trials with intra-patient, split-lesion design: Study A in patients with AKN (n=15), and Study B in patients with black tattoos (n=15)...
July 5, 2016: British Journal of Dermatology
Zhen Li, Huang Zhang, Shu-Hua Li, Roger W Byard
Tattoo removal is increasingly required as the number of, particularly young, people acquiring tattoos is increasing. A 21-year-old man is reported who underwent attempted removal of large dragon tattoo utilizing a tattoo machine that injected a phenol-containing solution. At the end of the 3-h procedure, he collapsed and died. At autopsy, large areas of white skin discoloration with focal necrosis and sloughing were present overlying areas of previous tattooing. Histological examination showed collections of eosinophilic fluid with a minimal chronic inflammatory infiltrate in better preserved areas, with focal areas of dermal necrosis...
July 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
Ofer Reiter, Lihi Atzmony, Lehavit Akerman, Assi Levi, Ruben Kershenovich, Moshe Lapidoth, Daniel Mimouni
Given that the pigment particles in tattoos have a relaxation time of <10 ns, picosecond lasers would be expected to be more effective than nanosecond lasers in tattoo removal. To systematically review the evidence regarding the effectiveness and safety of picosecond lasers for tattoo removal, Pubmed, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL),, and reference lists were searched for relevant trials. The primary outcome was >70 % clearance of tattoo pigment. Secondary outcomes were 90-100 % clearance of tattoo pigment, number of laser sessions required, and adverse effects...
September 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Richard Torbeck, Richard Bankowski, Sarah Henize, Nazanin Saedi
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of picosecond lasers to remove tattoos has greatly improved due to the long-standing outcomes of nanosecond lasers, both clinically and histologically. The first aesthetic picosecond laser available for this use was the PicoSure(®) laser system (755/532 nm). Now that a vast amount of research on its use has been conducted, we performed a comprehensive review of the literature to validate the continued application of the PicoSure(®) laser system for tattoo removal...
2016: Medical Devices: Evidence and Research
Faye Huang, Wen-Jiun Chou, Tien-Hsing Chen, Ching Chen, Yu-Lian Hsieh, Mian-Yoon Chong, Chi-Fa Hung, Shu-Ching Lin, Hsiu-Huang Tsai, Liang-Jen Wang
Effectively managing pain is vital for the well-being and satisfaction of patients undergoing dermatologic treatments involving lasers. This study investigates the potential outcome of using muscle relaxation techniques to reduce pain among people having their tattoos removed with laser treatment. This study consists of 56 participants (mean age 18.1 ± 2.1 years) that had tattoos removed using the principle of selective photothermolysis. These participants underwent muscle relaxation before receiving the laser treatment...
August 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
E Forbat, F Al-Niaimi
Picosecond lasers are a novel laser with the ability to create a pulse of less than one nanosecond. They have been available in the clinical context since 2012. Dermatologists are now using picosecond lasers regularly for the treatment of blue and green pigment tattoo removal. This article reviews the use of picosecond lasers beyond tattoo removal. The overall consensus for the use of picosecond lasers beyond tattoo treatment is positive. With examples of this in the treatment of nevus of Ota, minocycline-induced pigmentation, acne scarring, and rhytides...
October 2016: Journal of Cosmetic and Laser Therapy: Official Publication of the European Society for Laser Dermatology
Sinan Öztürk, Cihan Şahin, Ceyhun Cesur, Fikret Eren, Huseyin Karagöz
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of Cutaneous and Aesthetic Surgery
Vincent M Hsu, Adam S Aldahan, Stephanie Mlacker, Vidhi V Shah, Keyvan Nouri
The prevalence of tattoos continues to grow as modern society's stigma towards this form of body art shifts towards greater acceptance. Approximately one third of Americans aged 18-25 and 40 % of Americans aged 26-40 are tattooed. As tattoos continue to rise in popularity, so has the demand for an effective method of tattoo removal such as lasers. The various colors of tattoo inks render them ideal targets for specific lasers using the principle of selective photothermolysis. Traditional laser modalities employed for tattoo removal operate on pulse durations in the nanosecond domain...
November 2016: Lasers in Medical Science
Brian P Hibler, Anthony M Rossi
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 2015: JAAD Case Reports
C M Isiguzo, C D Nwachukwu
BACKGROUND: Knowledge, perception, and acceptance of plastic surgery among any population are influenced by channel of presentation. A good understanding of the public awareness will define the way plastic surgery services will be provided. AIM: To assess the knowledge, awareness of availability, and acceptance of plastic surgery practice in Enugu, South East Nigeria. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A questionnaire-based prospective study. RESULTS: The electronic media is the most common medium of awareness...
May 2016: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
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