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breast cancer, circulating tumor cells

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076321/secretion-modification-region-derived-peptide-blocks-exosome-release-and-mediates-cell-cycle-arrest-in-breast-cancer-cells
#1
Ming-Bo Huang, Ruben R Gonzalez, James Lillard, Vincent C Bond
PURPOSE: Discovery and development of a novel anticancer PEG-SMR-Clu peptide to prevent breast cancer metastasis. How breast cancer cells and primary mammary epithelial cells interact and communicate with each other to promote tumorigenesis and how to prevent tumor metastasis has long been a concern of researchers. Cancer cells secrete exosomes containing proteins and RNA. These factors can influence tumor development by directly targeting cancer cells and tumor stroma. In this study, we determined the effects of a peptide as an inhibitor of exosome secretion on breast tumors...
January 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073899/paper-based-microrna-expression-profiling-from-plasma-and-circulating-tumor-cells
#2
Sai Mun Leong, Karen Mei-Ling Tan, Hui Wen Chua, Mo-Chao Huang, Wai Chye Cheong, Mo-Huang Li, Steven Tucker, Evelyn Siew-Chuan Koay
BACKGROUND: Molecular characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) holds great promise for monitoring metastatic progression and characterizing metastatic disease. However, leukocyte and red blood cell contamination of routinely isolated CTCs makes CTC-specific molecular characterization extremely challenging. METHODS: Here we report the use of a paper-based medium for efficient extraction of microRNAs (miRNAs) from limited amounts of biological samples such as rare CTCs harvested from cancer patient blood...
January 10, 2017: Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068321/analysis-of-dna-methylation-in-single-circulating-tumor-cells
#3
C F Pixberg, K Raba, F Müller, B Behrens, E Honisch, D Niederacher, H Neubauer, T Fehm, W Goering, W A Schulz, P Flohr, G Boysen, M Lambros, J S De Bono, W T Knoefel, C Sproll, N H Stoecklein, R P L Neves
Direct analysis of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) can inform on molecular mechanisms underlying systemic spread. Here we investigated promoter methylation of three genes regulating epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT), a key mechanism enabling epithelial tumor cells to disseminate and metastasize. For this, we developed a single-cell protocol based on agarose-embedded bisulfite treatment, which allows investigating DNA methylation of multiple loci via a multiplex PCR (multiplexed-scAEBS). We established our assay for the simultaneous analysis of three EMT-associated genes miR-200c/141, miR-200b/a/429 and CDH1 in single cells...
January 9, 2017: Oncogene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064442/tumor-derived-spheroids-relevance-to-cancer-stem-cells-and-clinical-applications
#4
REVIEW
Tatsuya Ishiguro, Hirokazu Ohata, Ai Sato, Kaoru Yamawaki, Takayuki Enomoto, Koji Okamoto
Recently, many types of in vitro three-dimensional (3D) culture systems have been developed to recapitulate the in vivo growth conditions of cancer. The cancer 3D culture methods aim to preserve the biological characteristics of original tumors better than conventional two-dimensional (2D) monolayer cultures, and include tumor-derived organoids, tumor-derived spheroids, organotypic multicellular spheroids, and multicellular tumor spheroids. The 3D culture methods differ in terms of cancer cell sources, protocols for cell handling, and the required time intervals...
January 8, 2017: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28054593/high-shear-stresses-under-exercise-condition-destroy-circulating-tumor-cells-in-a-microfluidic-system
#5
Sagar Regmi, Afu Fu, Kathy Qian Luo
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) are the primary targets of cancer treatment as they cause distal metastasis. However, how CTCs response to exercise-induced high shear stress is largely unknown. To study the effects of hemodynamic microenvironment on CTCs, we designed a microfluidic circulatory system that produces exercise relevant shear stresses. We explore the effects of shear stresses on breast cancer cells with different metastatic abilities, cancer cells of ovarian, lung and leukemic origin. Three major findings were obtained...
January 5, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042340/systemic-sirna-delivery-with-a-dual-ph-responsive-and-tumor-targeted-nanovector-for-inhibiting-tumor-growth-and-spontaneous-metastasis-in-orthotopic-murine-model-of-breast-carcinoma
#6
Bo Fan, Lin Kang, Liqing Chen, Ping Sun, Mingji Jin, Qiming Wang, You Han Bae, Wei Huang, Zhonggao Gao
Phenylboronic acid (PBA)-mediated tumor targeting nanovector is an attractive strategy for enhancing siRNA delivery and treatment of metastatic cancers. However, its nonspecific binding with various biological membranes containing cis-diol moieties restricts its potential application by systematic administration. Herein, we constructed a novel pH-activated "sheddable" PEG-coated nanoparticle for effective treatment of primary tumors and metastases, which was based on the conjugation of catechol group modified poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG-Cat) and PBA-terminated polyethylenimine (PEI-PBA) via the borate ester formed between PBA and Cat...
2017: Theranostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032524/classifying-circulating-tumor-cells-to-monitor-cancer-progression
#7
Panagiota Economopoulou, Vassilis Georgoulias, Athanasios Kotsakis
The term 'liquid biopsy' refers to molecular analysis of a tumor's genetic features based on circulating genetic material in the peripheral blood derived from circulating tumor cells (CTCs), circulating tumor DNA (ctDNA) and circulating miRNAs, and has emerged as a minimally invasive tool in early cancer diagnosis and disease monitoring. CTCs are believed to originate from the primary tumor and obtain genetic heterogeneity during evolution. Areas covered: The presence of CTCs has been associated with poor clinical outcome in patients with metastatic breast cancer, lung cancer, colorectal cancer and prostate cancer...
December 29, 2016: Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28032400/increasing-circulating-exosomes-carrying-trpc5-predicts-chemoresistance-in-metastatic-breast-cancer-patients
#8
Teng Wang, Kuan Ning, Ting-Xun Lu, Xu Sun, Linfang Jin, Xiaowei Qi, Jian Jin, Dong Hua
Chemoresistance, the major obstacle in breast cancer chemotherapy, results in unnecessary chemotherapy and wasting of medical resources. Up to now, no feasible method is available to predict chemoresistance before chemotherapy. In our previously study, elevated expression of transient receptor potential channel TRPC5 was found as an essential element for chemoresistance in breast cancer cells, and could be transferred to chemosensitive breast cancer cells through releasing extracellular vesicles (EVs)-containing TRPC5 from chemoresistant cells, resulting in acquired chemoresistance...
December 29, 2016: Cancer Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029660/phenotypic-characterization-of-circulating-tumor-cells-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer-patients
#9
Sofia Agelaki, Melina Dragolia, Harris Markonanolaki, Saad Alkahtani, Christos Stournaras, Vassilis Georgoulias, Galatea Kallergi
INTRODUCTION: Patients with triple negative breast cancer (TNBC), are considered as a poor prognosis group for whom no targeted therapies are currently available. The aim of the present study was to phenotypically characterize their CTCs in order to explore potential therapeutic targets. METHODS: PBMC's cytospins were prepared from 45 early (before and after adjuvant chemotherapy), 10 metastatic TNBC and 21 hormone receptor (HR) -positive patients. The expression of Cytokeratins (CK), ER, PR, EGFR and HER2 on CTCs was assessed using immunofluoresence staining and ARIOL analysis...
December 24, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025102/somatostatin-receptor-targeted-liposomes-with-diacerein-inhibit-il-6-for-breast-cancer-therapy
#10
Rashmi Bharti, Goutam Dey, Indranil Banerjee, Kaushik Kumar Dey, Sheetal Parida, B N Prashanth Kumar, Chandan Kanta Das, Ipsita Pal, Manabendra Mukherjee, Mridula Misra, Anjan K Pradhan, Luni Emdad, Swadesh K Das, Paul B Fisher, Mahitosh Mandal
Selective targeting to the tumor niche remains a major challenge in successful cancer therapy. Somatostatin receptor 2 (SSTR2) is overexpressed in breast cancer cells thus making this receptor an attractive target for selective guidance of ligand-conjugated drug liposomes to the tumor site. In this study, a synthetic somatostatin analogue (SST) was used as SSTR2 targeting agent and Diacerein was employed as therapeutic molecule. Diacerein loaded liposomes (DNL) were prepared and they were further decorated with the synthetic and stable analogue of somatostatin (SST-DNL)...
December 24, 2016: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28018216/targeting-the-sr-b1-receptor-as-a-gateway-for-cancer-therapy-and-imaging
#11
REVIEW
Linda K Mooberry, Nirupama A Sabnis, Marlyn Panchoo, Bhavani Nagarajan, Andras G Lacko
Malignant tumors display remarkable heterogeneity to the extent that even at the same tissue site different types of cells with varying genetic background may be found. In contrast, a relatively consistent marker the scavenger receptor type B1 (SR-B1) has been found to be consistently overexpressed by most tumor cells. Scavenger Receptor Class B Type I (SR-BI) is a high density lipoprotein (HDL) receptor that facilitates the uptake of cholesterol esters from circulating lipoproteins. Additional findings suggest a critical role for SR-BI in cholesterol metabolism, signaling, motility, and proliferation of cancer cells and thus a potential major impact in carcinogenesis and metastasis...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013389/epithelial-mesenchymal-plasticity-in-circulating-tumor-cells
#12
REVIEW
Catherine Alix-Panabières, Sonja Mader, Klaus Pantel
Epithelial-to-Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) is a complex process that supports the migratory capacity of epithelial tumor cells and is thought to play a crucial role in promoting cancer metastasis. Despite the wealth of experimental data, the exact role of EMT in cancer patients remains more controversial. Over the past 10 years, sensitive technologies that allow the detection and molecular characterization of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood of tumor patients have been developed. These analyses help to shed new light into the importance of EMT for human tumor cell dissemination...
December 24, 2016: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002811/aberrant-regulation-of-rankl-opg-in-women-at-high-risk-of-developing-breast-cancer
#13
Stefan Kiechl, Daniel Schramek, Martin Widschwendter, Evangelia-Ourania Fourkala, Alexey Zaikin, Allison Jones, Bernadette Jaeger, Brigitte Rack, Wolfgang Janni, Christoph Scholz, Johann Willeit, Siegfried Weger, Agnes Mayr, Andrew Teschendorff, Adam Rosenthal, Lindsay Fraser, Susan Philpott, Louis Dubeau, Mohammed Keshtgar, Rebecca Roylance, Ian J Jacobs, Usha Menon, Georg Schett, Josef M Penninger
Breast cancer is the most common female cancer, affecting approximately one in eight women during their lifetime in North America and Europe. Receptor Activator of NF-kB Ligand (RANKL), its receptor RANK and the natural antagonist osteoprotegerin (OPG) are essential regulators of bone resorption. We have initially shown that RANKL/RANK are essential for hormone-driven mammary epithelial proliferation in pregnancy and RANKL/RANK have been implicated in mammary stem cell biology. Using genetic mouse-models, we and others identified the RANKL/RANK system as a key regulator of sex hormone, BRCA1-mutation, and oncogene-driven breast cancer and we proposed that RANKL/RANK might be involved in the initiation of breast tumors...
December 18, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28002762/long-circulating-polyhydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate-nanoparticles-for-tumor-targeted-docetaxel-delivery-formulation-optimization-and-in-vitro-characterization
#14
Harsh Vardhan, Pooja Mittal, Sandeep Kumar Reddy Adena, Brahmeshwar Mishra
In the present research an attempt was made to develop and optimize docetaxel-loaded polyhydroxybutyrate-co-hydroxyvalerate (PHBV) nanoparticles, using modified emulsification solvent evaporation technique and design of experiment (DOE) methodology. Formulation of docetaxel-loaded PHBV nanoparticles was conducted by factor screening studies with Plackett-Burman design (PBD) followed by Box-Behnken experimental design (BBD) to evaluate the effect of independent variables on responses. Five most important independent variables were screened out, which were obtained from failure mode effect analysis (FMEA) and factor screening studies...
December 18, 2016: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27990412/potential-role-of-circulating-tumor-cell-detection-and-monitoring-in-breast-cancer-a-review-of-current-evidence
#15
REVIEW
Malgorzata Banys-Paluchowski, Natalia Krawczyk, Tanja Fehm
The phenomenon of hematogenous tumor cell dissemination in patients with solid tumors has been extensively explored over the last decades. Breast cancer research investigated at first disseminated tumor cells in the bone marrow; however, the focus soon moved to circulating tumor cells (CTCs) in the peripheral blood as blood is easily accessible without an invasive procedure. The prognostic significance of CTC presence has been shown in large studies both in adjuvant and metastatic setting and commercially available detection assays have been evaluated for monitoring in clinical trials...
2016: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27983803/peroxidase-like-activity-of-ethylene-diamine-tetraacetic-acid-and-its-application-for-ultrasensitive-detection-of-tumor-biomarkers-and-circular-tumor-cells
#16
Haowen Huang, Lanfang Liu, Lingyang Zhang, Qian Zhao, Yuan Zhou, Shishan Yuan, Zilong Tang, Xuanyong Liu
Ethylene diamine tetraacetic acid (EDTA) is such a powerful chelating agent that it may form stable complexes with most metal ions, which has wide applications in industry, agriculture, environment, and pharmaceutical technology. Recently, EDTA was found to enhance the photocatalytic property of some materials. Inspired by this fact of EDTA in the photocatalytic role, we further investigated the photocatalytic property of EDTA and found much the same as that of natural horseradish peroxidase (HRP). This significant discovery of peroxidase-like property may extend the applications of conventional EDTA in life science...
December 16, 2016: Analytical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27979914/new-strategies-in-metastatic-hormone-receptor-positive-breast-cancer-searching-for-biomarkers-to-tailor-endocrine-and-other-targeted-therapies
#17
Rachel C Jankowitz, Steffi Oesterreich, Adrian V Lee, Nancy E Davidson
While major advances in our understanding of the molecular underpinnings of hormone receptor-positive (HR-positive) breast cancer have led to new therapies that have substantially improved in patient outcomes, endocrine-resistant disease still remains a leading cause of breast cancer mortality. Comprehensive molecular profiling of breast cancers has highlighted tremendous tumor heterogeneity, and analysis of paired primary and metastatic tumors has shown the evolution that can occur during acquired resistance to systemic therapies...
December 15, 2016: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27974414/the-rodent-liver-undergoes-weaning-induced-involution-and-supports-breast-cancer-metastasis
#18
Erica T Goddard, Ryan C Hill, Travis Nemkov, Angelo D'Alessandro, Kirk C Hansen, Ori Maller, Solange Mongoue-Tchokote, Motomi Mori, Ann H Partridge, Virginia F Borges, Pepper Schedin
Postpartum breast cancer patients are at increased risk for metastasis compared to age-matched nulliparous or pregnant patients. Here, we address whether circulating tumor cells have a metastatic advantage in the postpartum host and find the post-lactation rodent liver preferentially supports metastasis. Upon weaning, we observed liver weight loss, hepatocyte apoptosis, ECM remodeling including deposition of collagen and tenascin-C, and myeloid cell influx, data consistent with weaning-induced liver involution and establishment of a pro-metastatic microenvironment...
December 14, 2016: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965916/in-vivo-flow-cytometry-of-circulating-tumor-associated-exosomes
#19
Jacqueline Nolan, Mustafa Sarimollaoglu, Dmitry A Nedosekin, Azemat Jamshidi-Parsian, Ekaterina I Galanzha, Rajshekhar A Kore, Robert J Griffin, Vladimir P Zharov
Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) demonstrated the potential as prognostic markers of metastatic development. However, the incurable metastasis can already be developed at the time of initial diagnosis with the existing CTC assays. Alternatively, tumor-associated particles (CTPs) including exosomes can be a more valuable prognostic marker because they can be released from the primary tumor long before CTCs and in larger amount. However, little progress has been made in high sensitivity detection of CTPs, especially in vivo...
2016: Analytical Cellular Pathology (Amsterdam)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965040/hemodynamic-shear-stress-stimulates-migration-and-extravasation-of-tumor-cells-by-elevating-cellular-oxidative-level
#20
Shijun Ma, Afu Fu, Geraldine Giap Ying Chiew, Kathy Qian Luo
Cancer cells are shed into the blood stream and are exposed to hemodynamic shear stress during metastasis. It has been shown that shear stress can destroy circulating tumor cells (CTCs) both in vitro and in vivo. However, it remains unclear whether shear stress can modulate the properties and functions of tumor cells in a manner that might help CTCs to exit circulation. In this study, we established a microfluidic circulatory system to apply physiological fluid shear stress on breast cancer cells and demonstrated that an arterial level of shear stress significantly enhanced tumor cell migration in transwell and wound healing assays, and enhanced extravasation in a transendothelial assay...
December 10, 2016: Cancer Letters
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