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Carms canada

Katherine Anderson, Karthik Tennankore, Ashley Cox
INTRODUCTION: There is limited research on why females do or do not choose a career in urology. Considering the increasing proportion of female medical students, we assessed for trends in female applicants to urology programs in Canada and their post-residency career choices. METHODS: Data from the Canadian Residency Matching Service (CaRMS) was used (1998-2015). Trends in the proportions of females applying and matching to surgical subspecialties, and applying and matching to urology were computed...
December 22, 2017: Canadian Urological Association Journal, Journal de L'Association des Urologues du Canada
Sarah Chorfi, Joseph S Schwartz, Neil Verma, Meredith Young, Lawrence Joseph, Lily H P Nguyen
BACKGROUND: The proportion of females enrolling into medical schools has been growing steadily. However, the representation of female residents among individual specialties has shown considerable variation. The purpose of this study was to compare the trends of gender representation in Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (OTL-HNS) residency programs with other specialty training programs in Canada. In order to contextualize these findings, a second phase of analysis examined the success rate of applicants of different genders to OTL-HNS residency programs...
August 29, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Patrick N A Harris, M Diletta Pezzani, Belén Gutiérrez-Gutiérrez, Pierluigi Viale, Po-Ren Hsueh, Patricia Ruiz-Garbajosa, Mario Venditti, Mario Tumbarello, Carolina Navarro-Francisco, Esther Calbo, Murat Akova, Helen Giamarellou, Antonio Oliver, Benito Almirante, Oriol Gasch, Luis Martínez-Martínez, Mitchell J Schwaber, George Daikos, Johann Pitout, Carmen Peña, Alicia Hernández-Torres, Yohei Doi, Federico Pérez, Felipe Francisco Tuon, Evelina Tacconelli, Yehuda Carmeli, Robert A Bonomo, Álvaro Pascual, David L Paterson, Jesús Rodríguez-Baño
We describe regional differences in therapy for bloodstream infection (BSI) caused by extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-E) or carbapenemase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (CPE). Patients (n = 1482) in 12 countries from an observational study of BSI caused by ESBL-E or CPE were included. Multivariate logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted odds ratios (aORs) for the influence of country of recruitment on empirical use of β-lactam/β-lactamase inhibitors (BLBLIs) or carbapenems, targeted use of BLBLIs for ESBL-E and use of targeted combination therapy for CPE...
November 2017: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
E Kay-Rivest, N Varma, G M Scott, J J Manoukian, M Desrosiers, J P Vaccani, L H P Nguyen
BACKGROUND: The residency match is an important event in an aspiring physician's career. Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery (OTL-HNS) is a surgical specialty that has enjoyed high numbers of applicants to its residency programs. However, recent trends in Canada show a decline in first-choice applicants to several surgical fields. Factors thought to influence a medical student's choice include role models, career opportunities and work-life balance. The notion of perceived competitiveness is a factor that has not yet been explored...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Thomas R Freeman, Stephen Petterson, Sean Finnegan, Andrew Bazemore
BACKGROUND: The relative ease of movement of physicians across the Canada/US border has led to what is sometimes referred to as a 'brain drain' and previous analysis estimated that the equivalent of two graduating classes from Canadian medical schools were leaving to practice in the US each year. Both countries fill gaps in physician supply with international medical graduates (IMGs) so the movement of Canadian trained physicians to the US has international ramifications. Medical school enrolments have been increased on both sides of the border, yet there continues to be concerns about adequacy of physician human resources...
December 1, 2016: BMC Health Services Research
Paul Atkinson, Mike Howlett, Jacqueline MacKay, Jacqueline Fraser, Peter Ross
Background The distribution of postgraduate medical training (residency) positions in Canada is administered by medical schools and universities in conjunction with individual provinces. In Atlantic Canada, the Maritime provinces are considered a single unit under Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia (NS), although distributed medical undergraduate education through Dalhousie and Sherbrooke has enabled medical students to complete their entire course of study in New Brunswick (NB). It is unclear if postgraduate medical education has been distributed in a similar fashion in Atlantic Canada, particularly in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island (PE)...
April 17, 2016: Curēus
Jacques Montplaisir
The Département de psychiatrie de l'Université de Montréal houses one of the first sleep centers founded 40 years ago. This center contributed to virtually every aspect of sleep medicine. It grew considerably over time to become one of the largest sleep centers worldwide. It is now called the Center for Advanced Research in Sleep Medicine (CARSM). Fourteen researchers and more than 30 research PhDs and postdoctoral fellows are working together in a 1,500 square-meter facility that includes separate units for fundamental and clinical studies and for the sleep disorders clinic...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
Lara Sater, Joseph S Schwartz, Sarah Coupland, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of research publication misrepresentation amongst Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS) applicants to a single surgical subspecialty residency as a potential means of assessing professional behaviour. METHODS: The authors reviewed CaRMS application forms to Canadian otolaryngology residency programmes over a 3-year period (2006-2008) for peer-reviewed publications reported as 'published', 'accepted' and 'in press'...
June 2015: Medical Education
Amaka A Eneh, Lisa Jagan, Stephanie Baxter
OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this project was to investigate Canadian ophthalmology residency program directors' and department heads' perceptions about the relative importance of the various components of the Canadian Residency Matching Service (CaRMS) application package. Secondary goals were: (i) to investigate the perceptions of all program directors and department heads at Queen's University's residency programs; and (ii) to compare faculty's perceptions with the perceptions of medical students at Queen's University...
October 2014: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Elena Ordoñez, Laura Rueda, M Paz Cañadas, Carme Fuster, Vincenzo Cirigliano
OBJECTIVE: The detection of paternally inherited sequences in maternal plasma, such as the SRY gene for fetal sexing or RHD for fetal blood group genotyping, is becoming part of daily routine in diagnostic laboratories. Due to the low percentage of fetal DNA, it is crucial to ensure sample stability and the efficiency of DNA extraction. We evaluated blood stability at 4°C for at least 24 hours and automated DNA extraction, for fetal sex determination in maternal plasma. METHODS: A total of 158 blood samples were collected, using EDTA-K tubes, from women in their 1st trimester of pregnancy...
2013: BioMed Research International
Carme Gubern, Susanna Camós, Iván Ballesteros, Rocío Rodríguez, Víctor G Romera, Roberto Cañadas, Ignacio Lizasoain, María A Moro, Joaquín Serena, Judith Mallolas, Mar Castellanos
Despite the large number of molecules reported as being over-expressed after ischaemia, little is known regarding their regulation. miRNAs are potent post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, and reports have shown differentially miRNA expression in response to focal cerebral ischaemia. The present study analysed miRNA expression from acute to late phases of ischaemia to identify specific ischaemia-related miRNAs, elucidate their role, and identify potential targets involved in stroke pathophysiology...
December 2013: FEBS Journal
Megan Melnyk, Hilary Nelson, Jennifer Mickelson, Andrew E Macneily
BACKGROUND: Urology is perceived as a competitive specialty choice. Declining undergraduate exposure and the preference for "lifestyle specialties" may jeopardize urology's popularity. Our objective was to assess trends in application and matching rates to urology compared with other surgical specialties. METHODS: We reviewed data collected by Canadian Residency Matching Service (CaRMS) and the Canadian Post-MD Education Registry since expansion in Canadian medical school enrollment began (2002-2011)...
July 2013: Journal of Surgical Education
Elena Ordoñez, Laura Rueda, M Paz Cañadas, Carme Fuster, Vincenzo Cirigliano
OBJECTIVE: Noninvasive prenatal detection of RhD status and fetal sex is becoming part of daily practice in clinical laboratories. We evaluated a high throughput procedure for automated DNA extraction and developed a multiplex real-time PCR (rt-PCR) for the simultaneous detection of three fetal loci in a single reaction to assess fetal sex and RhD status in maternal plasma. METHODS: An automated DNA extraction method was evaluated together with a new multiplex rt-PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of exons 5 and 7 of the RHD gene together with the Y chromosome marker DYS14 in maternal plasma...
2013: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Tao Wang, Benson Wong, Alexander Huang, Prateek Khatri, Carly Ng, Melissa Forgie, Joel H Lanphear, Peter J O'Neill
BACKGROUND: In Canada, graduating medical students consider many factors, including geographic, social, and academic, when ranking residency programs through the Canadian Residency Matching Service (CaRMS). The relative significance of these factors is poorly studied in Canada. It is also unknown how students differentiate between their top program choices. This survey study addresses the influence of various factors on applicant decision making. METHODS: Graduating medical students from all six Ontario medical schools were invited to participate in an online survey available for three weeks prior to the CaRMS match day in 2010...
2011: BMC Medical Education
Vincenzo Cirigliano, Gianfranco Voglino, Elena Ordoñez, Antonella Marongiu, M Paz Cañadas, Maijo Ejarque, Laura Rueda, Elisabet Lloveras, Carme Fuster, Matteo Adinolfi
BACKGROUND: Despite being deliberately targeted to common chromosome aneuploidies, the rapid quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR) tests can detect the majority of chromosome abnormalities in prenatal diagnosis. The main advantages of this assay are low cost, speed and automation allowing large-scale application. METHODS: We developed a QF-PCR test that was applied on 43 000 clinical samples reporting results in 24 h. Most common indications were biochemical risk (32%) and advanced maternal age (30%)...
January 2009: Prenatal Diagnosis
Amy Graham, Jean Carne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2008: Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, Journal Canadien en Soins Infirmiers Cardio-vasculaires
Kelly A Metcalfe, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Jan Lubinski, Jacek Gronwald, Henry Lynch, Pal Moller, Parviz Ghadirian, William D Foulkes, Jan Klijn, Eitan Friedman, Charmaine Kim-Sing, Peter Ainsworth, Barry Rosen, Susan Domchek, Teresa Wagner, Nadine Tung, Siranoush Manoukian, Fergus Couch, Ping Sun, Steven A Narod
Several options for cancer prevention are available for women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, including prophylactic surgery, chemoprevention and screening. The authors report on preventive practices in women with mutations from 9 countries and examine differences in uptake according to country. Women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation were contacted after receiving their genetic test result and were questioned regarding their preventive practices. Information was recorded on prophylactic mastectomy, prophylactic oophorectomy, use of tamoxifen and screening (MRI and mammography)...
May 1, 2008: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Anna García-Altés, Carme Borrell, Louis Coté, Aina Plaza, Josep Benet, Alex Guarga
The objective of this paper is to apply a framework for country-level performance assessment to the cities of Montreal, Canada, and Barcelona, Spain, and to use this framework to explore and understand the differences in their health systems. The UK National Health Service Performance Assessment Framework was chosen. Its indicators went through a process of selection, adaptation and prioritisation. Most of them were calculated for the period 2001-3, with data obtained from epidemiological, activity and economic registries...
September 2007: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Vincenzo Cirigliano, Gianfranco Voglino, Antonella Marongiu, Paz Cañadas, Elena Ordoñez, Elisabet Lloveras, Alberto Plaja, Carme Fuster, Matteo Adinolfi
Rapid prenatal diagnoses of major chromosome abnormalities can be performed on a large scale using highly polymorphic short tandem repeats (STRs) amplified by the quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR). The assay was introduced as a preliminary investigation to remove the anxiety of the parents waiting for the results by conventional cytogenetic analysis using amniotic fluid or chorionic cells. However, recent studies, on the basis of the analyses of several thousand samples, have shown that this rapid approach has a very high rate of success and could reduce the need for cytogenetic investigations...
September 2006: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Gideon Koren, Dana Oren, Maud Rouleau, Daphna Carmeli, Doreen Matsui
BACKGROUND: This study tested the hypothesis that while there are no written medical claims existing for many NHP, such claims are made verbally, giving a false impression that these are proven medical products. OBJECTIVE: To compare the number and type of verbal claims for NHP made by pharmacists to those made by health food stores personnel. METHODS: Randomly selected Canadian pharmacies selling NHP and health food stores were visited and the staff was asked to recommend natural health products for the treatment of hypertension...
2006: Canadian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Journal Canadien de Pharmacologie Clinique
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