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Carms canada

Paul Atkinson, Mike Howlett, Jacqueline MacKay, Jacqueline Fraser, Peter Ross
Background The distribution of postgraduate medical training (residency) positions in Canada is administered by medical schools and universities in conjunction with individual provinces. In Atlantic Canada, the Maritime provinces are considered a single unit under Dalhousie University in Nova Scotia (NS), although distributed medical undergraduate education through Dalhousie and Sherbrooke has enabled medical students to complete their entire course of study in New Brunswick (NB). It is unclear if postgraduate medical education has been distributed in a similar fashion in Atlantic Canada, particularly in New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island (PE)...
2016: Curēus
Jacques Montplaisir
The Département de psychiatrie de l'Université de Montréal houses one of the first sleep centers founded 40 years ago. This center contributed to virtually every aspect of sleep medicine. It grew considerably over time to become one of the largest sleep centers worldwide. It is now called the Center for Advanced Research in Sleep Medicine (CARSM). Fourteen researchers and more than 30 research PhDs and postdoctoral fellows are working together in a 1,500 square-meter facility that includes separate units for fundamental and clinical studies and for the sleep disorders clinic...
2015: Santé Mentale Au Québec
Lara Sater, Joseph S Schwartz, Sarah Coupland, Meredith Young, Lily H P Nguyen
OBJECTIVES: This study was conducted to assess the prevalence of research publication misrepresentation amongst Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS) applicants to a single surgical subspecialty residency as a potential means of assessing professional behaviour. METHODS: The authors reviewed CaRMS application forms to Canadian otolaryngology residency programmes over a 3-year period (2006-2008) for peer-reviewed publications reported as 'published', 'accepted' and 'in press'...
June 2015: Medical Education
Amaka A Eneh, Lisa Jagan, Stephanie Baxter
OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this project was to investigate Canadian ophthalmology residency program directors' and department heads' perceptions about the relative importance of the various components of the Canadian Residency Matching Service (CaRMS) application package. Secondary goals were: (i) to investigate the perceptions of all program directors and department heads at Queen's University's residency programs; and (ii) to compare faculty's perceptions with the perceptions of medical students at Queen's University...
October 2014: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
Elena Ordoñez, Laura Rueda, M Paz Cañadas, Carme Fuster, Vincenzo Cirigliano
OBJECTIVE: The detection of paternally inherited sequences in maternal plasma, such as the SRY gene for fetal sexing or RHD for fetal blood group genotyping, is becoming part of daily routine in diagnostic laboratories. Due to the low percentage of fetal DNA, it is crucial to ensure sample stability and the efficiency of DNA extraction. We evaluated blood stability at 4°C for at least 24 hours and automated DNA extraction, for fetal sex determination in maternal plasma. METHODS: A total of 158 blood samples were collected, using EDTA-K tubes, from women in their 1st trimester of pregnancy...
2013: BioMed Research International
Carme Gubern, Susanna Camós, Iván Ballesteros, Rocío Rodríguez, Víctor G Romera, Roberto Cañadas, Ignacio Lizasoain, María A Moro, Joaquín Serena, Judith Mallolas, Mar Castellanos
Despite the large number of molecules reported as being over-expressed after ischaemia, little is known regarding their regulation. miRNAs are potent post-transcriptional regulators of gene expression, and reports have shown differentially miRNA expression in response to focal cerebral ischaemia. The present study analysed miRNA expression from acute to late phases of ischaemia to identify specific ischaemia-related miRNAs, elucidate their role, and identify potential targets involved in stroke pathophysiology...
December 2013: FEBS Journal
Megan Melnyk, Hilary Nelson, Jennifer Mickelson, Andrew E Macneily
BACKGROUND: Urology is perceived as a competitive specialty choice. Declining undergraduate exposure and the preference for "lifestyle specialties" may jeopardize urology's popularity. Our objective was to assess trends in application and matching rates to urology compared with other surgical specialties. METHODS: We reviewed data collected by Canadian Residency Matching Service (CaRMS) and the Canadian Post-MD Education Registry since expansion in Canadian medical school enrollment began (2002-2011)...
July 2013: Journal of Surgical Education
Elena Ordoñez, Laura Rueda, M Paz Cañadas, Carme Fuster, Vincenzo Cirigliano
OBJECTIVE: Noninvasive prenatal detection of RhD status and fetal sex is becoming part of daily practice in clinical laboratories. We evaluated a high throughput procedure for automated DNA extraction and developed a multiplex real-time PCR (rt-PCR) for the simultaneous detection of three fetal loci in a single reaction to assess fetal sex and RhD status in maternal plasma. METHODS: An automated DNA extraction method was evaluated together with a new multiplex rt-PCR assay for the simultaneous detection of exons 5 and 7 of the RHD gene together with the Y chromosome marker DYS14 in maternal plasma...
2013: Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy
Tao Wang, Benson Wong, Alexander Huang, Prateek Khatri, Carly Ng, Melissa Forgie, Joel H Lanphear, Peter J O'Neill
BACKGROUND: In Canada, graduating medical students consider many factors, including geographic, social, and academic, when ranking residency programs through the Canadian Residency Matching Service (CaRMS). The relative significance of these factors is poorly studied in Canada. It is also unknown how students differentiate between their top program choices. This survey study addresses the influence of various factors on applicant decision making. METHODS: Graduating medical students from all six Ontario medical schools were invited to participate in an online survey available for three weeks prior to the CaRMS match day in 2010...
2011: BMC Medical Education
Vincenzo Cirigliano, Gianfranco Voglino, Elena Ordoñez, Antonella Marongiu, M Paz Cañadas, Maijo Ejarque, Laura Rueda, Elisabet Lloveras, Carme Fuster, Matteo Adinolfi
BACKGROUND: Despite being deliberately targeted to common chromosome aneuploidies, the rapid quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR) tests can detect the majority of chromosome abnormalities in prenatal diagnosis. The main advantages of this assay are low cost, speed and automation allowing large-scale application. METHODS: We developed a QF-PCR test that was applied on 43 000 clinical samples reporting results in 24 h. Most common indications were biochemical risk (32%) and advanced maternal age (30%)...
January 2009: Prenatal Diagnosis
Amy Graham, Jean Carne
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2008: Canadian Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing, Journal Canadien en Soins Infirmiers Cardio-vasculaires
Kelly A Metcalfe, Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli, Jan Lubinski, Jacek Gronwald, Henry Lynch, Pal Moller, Parviz Ghadirian, William D Foulkes, Jan Klijn, Eitan Friedman, Charmaine Kim-Sing, Peter Ainsworth, Barry Rosen, Susan Domchek, Teresa Wagner, Nadine Tung, Siranoush Manoukian, Fergus Couch, Ping Sun, Steven A Narod
Several options for cancer prevention are available for women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation, including prophylactic surgery, chemoprevention and screening. The authors report on preventive practices in women with mutations from 9 countries and examine differences in uptake according to country. Women with a BRCA1 or BRCA2 mutation were contacted after receiving their genetic test result and were questioned regarding their preventive practices. Information was recorded on prophylactic mastectomy, prophylactic oophorectomy, use of tamoxifen and screening (MRI and mammography)...
May 1, 2008: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
Anna García-Altés, Carme Borrell, Louis Coté, Aina Plaza, Josep Benet, Alex Guarga
The objective of this paper is to apply a framework for country-level performance assessment to the cities of Montreal, Canada, and Barcelona, Spain, and to use this framework to explore and understand the differences in their health systems. The UK National Health Service Performance Assessment Framework was chosen. Its indicators went through a process of selection, adaptation and prioritisation. Most of them were calculated for the period 2001-3, with data obtained from epidemiological, activity and economic registries...
September 2007: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
Vincenzo Cirigliano, Gianfranco Voglino, Antonella Marongiu, Paz Cañadas, Elena Ordoñez, Elisabet Lloveras, Alberto Plaja, Carme Fuster, Matteo Adinolfi
Rapid prenatal diagnoses of major chromosome abnormalities can be performed on a large scale using highly polymorphic short tandem repeats (STRs) amplified by the quantitative fluorescent polymerase chain reaction (QF-PCR). The assay was introduced as a preliminary investigation to remove the anxiety of the parents waiting for the results by conventional cytogenetic analysis using amniotic fluid or chorionic cells. However, recent studies, on the basis of the analyses of several thousand samples, have shown that this rapid approach has a very high rate of success and could reduce the need for cytogenetic investigations...
September 2006: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Gideon Koren, Dana Oren, Maud Rouleau, Daphna Carmeli, Doreen Matsui
BACKGROUND: This study tested the hypothesis that while there are no written medical claims existing for many NHP, such claims are made verbally, giving a false impression that these are proven medical products. OBJECTIVE: To compare the number and type of verbal claims for NHP made by pharmacists to those made by health food stores personnel. METHODS: Randomly selected Canadian pharmacies selling NHP and health food stores were visited and the staff was asked to recommend natural health products for the treatment of hypertension...
2006: Canadian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology, Journal Canadien de Pharmacologie Clinique
Vicente Navarro, Carles Muntaner, Carme Borrell, Joan Benach, Agueda Quiroga, Maica Rodríguez-Sanz, Núria Vergés, M Isabel Pasarín
The aim of this study was to examine the complex interactions between political traditions, policies, and public health outcomes, and to find out whether different political traditions have been associated with systematic patterns in population health over time. We analysed a number of political, economic, social, and health variables over a 50-year period, in a set of wealthy countries belonging to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Our findings support the hypothesis that the political ideologies of governing parties affect some indicators of population health...
September 16, 2006: Lancet
Anna García-Altés, Lauriane Zonco, Carme Borrell, Antoni Plasència et al.
BACKGROUND: The objective of performance assessment is to provide governments and populations with appropriate information about the state of their health care system. The objective of this paper is to present the most recent developments in performance assessment and their application in urban contexts. METHODS: Literature review in PubMed (1970-2004). We identified additional papers and grey literature from retrieved references. RESULTS: Performance assessment initiatives were identified in Australia, Canada, the United Kingdom, and New Zealand...
July 2006: Gaceta Sanitaria
Olga Szafran, Rodney A Crutcher, Sandra R Banner, Mamoru Watanabe
OBJECTIVE: To compare the demographic and educational characteristics of Canadian international medical graduates (IMGs) and immigrant IMGs who applied to the second iteration of the Canadian Resident Matching Service (CaRMS) match in 2002. DESIGN: Web-based questionnaire survey. SETTING: The study was conducted during the second-iteration CaRMS match in Canada. PARTICIPANTS: The sampling frame included the entire population of IMG registrants for the 2002 CaRMS match in Canada who expressed interest in applying for a ministry-funded residency position in the 13 English-speaking Canadian medical schools...
September 2005: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
Mark Otto Baerlocher, Rumana Hussain, John Bradley
PURPOSE: The specialty of anesthesiology in Canada has traditionally had a larger proportion of male practitioners. More recently, however, the proportion of female medical students has increased. We sought to determine if the gender ratio within the specialty of anesthesiology in Canada has followed the female:male distribution patterns within medical schools. METHODS: Gender-specific data were obtained from the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada, the Canadian Institute for Health Information, the Canadian Residency Matching Service (CaRMS), and the Program Director from each of the 16 Canadian Anesthesiology Residency Training Programs...
May 2006: Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia, Journal Canadien D'anesthésie
Daphna Birenbaum-Carmeli
This paper explores the shaping of health policy in terms of power relations and group interests, as enacted in Israel's IVF policy. A comparison with the principles of IVF provision in other countries (UK, Canada, USA) shows Israel's policy to be substantially more 'liberal'. In order to explain this exception, the policy is initially located within the context of the state's pro-natalist reproductive policy, women's impaired equality and a complex system of healthcare provision. A Parliament Committee discussion on the subject is then analysed in greater detail, revealing three narratives that are used to account for the state's IVF policy: a nationalised narrative of reproductive medicine as a source of international acclaim, a personalised narrative of compassion for anguished women, and a medicalised narrative of experts as being best capable of regulating IVF...
November 2004: Sociology of Health & Illness
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