keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Primary survey

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821523/effectiveness-of-a-pragmatic-school-based-universal-resilience-intervention-in-reducing-tobacco-alcohol-and-illicit-substance-use-in-a-population-of-adolescents-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Rebecca Kate Hodder, Megan Freund, Jenny Bowman, Luke Wolfenden, Elizabeth Campbell, Julia Dray, Christophe Lecathelinais, Christopher Oldmeadow, John Attia, John Wiggers
OBJECTIVES: Initiation of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use typically occurs during adolescence, with the school setting recommended to reduce adolescent substance use. Strengthening individual (eg, problem solving) and environmental (eg, caring relationships at school) resilience protective factors of adolescents has been suggested as a strategy for reducing substance use by adolescents; however, few studies have examined this potential. A study was conducted to investigate the effectiveness of a pragmatic school-based universal 'resilience' intervention in reducing the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol and illicit substance use, and increasing the individual and environmental protective factors of students...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821515/does-the-person-s-context-influence-engagement-in-life-activities-following-primary-knee-replacement-results-from-a-canadian-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Aileen M Davis, Viji Venkataramanan, Jessica Bytautas-Sillanpää, Anthony V Perruccio, Rosalind Wong, Lisa Carlesso, Fiona Webster
OBJECTIVE: The impact of the context of a person's life on recovery from surgical interventions is not well understood. This study evaluated if people's social, environmental and biomedical context was associated with change in frequency in engagement in life activities after total knee replacement (TKR). METHODS: 418 people aged 30+ years who had TKR were followed presurgery to 1 year postsurgery. The outcome was change in frequency in engagement in life activities measured by the Late Life Disability Index (LLDI)...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821514/school-staff-perpetration-of-physical-violence-against-students-in-uganda-a-multilevel-analysis-of-risk-factors
#3
Katherine G Merrill, Louise Knight, Judith R Glynn, Elizabeth Allen, Dipak Naker, Karen M Devries
OBJECTIVE: To conduct a multilevel analysis of risk factors for physical violence perpetration by school staff against Ugandan students. DESIGN: Multilevel logistic regression analysis of cross-sectional survey data from 499 staff and 828 caregivers of students at 38 primary schools, collected in 2012 and 2014 during the Good Schools Study. SETTING: Luwero District, Uganda. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Past-week use of physical violence by school staff against students was measured using the International Society for the Prevention of Child Abuse and Neglect 'Child Abuse Screening Tool- Child International' and the WHO Multi-Country Study on Women's Health and Domestic Violence against Women...
August 18, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28821469/a-cluster-randomized-trial-of-a-middle-school-gender-violence-prevention-program-design-rationale-and-sample-characteristics
#4
Kaleab Z Abebe, Kelley A Jones, Samantha Ciaravino, Lisa Ripper, Taylor Paglisotti, Sarah Elizabeth Morrow, Melanie Grafals, Courtney Van Dusen, Elizabeth Miller
INTRODUCTION: High rates of adolescent relationship abuse (ARA) and sexual violence (SV) reported among adolescents point to the need for prevention among middle school-age youth. This is a cluster randomized controlled trial to test an athletic coach-delivered ARA/SV prevention program in 41 middle schools (38 clusters). Trained coaches talk to their male athletes about 1) what constitutes harmful vs. respectful relationship behaviors, 2) dispelling myths that glorify male sexual aggression and promoting more gender-equitable attitudes, and 3) positive bystander intervention when aggressive male behaviors toward females are witnessed...
August 15, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28819474/expanding-health-insurance-scheme-in-the-informal-sector-in-nigeria-awareness-as-a-potential-demand-side-tool
#5
David Ayobami Adewole, Saidat Abisola Akanbi, Kayode Omoniyi Osungbade, Segun Bello
INTRODUCTION: The implementation and expansion of a health insurance scheme in the informal sector, particularly in developing countries, is a challenge. With the aid of an innovative Information-Education and Communication model, titled 'Understanding the concept of health insurance: An innovative social marketing tool', an assessment of the awareness and perception of the scheme among market women was carried out. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional descriptive survey, carried out among market women in Ibadan, Nigeria...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818227/impact-of-an-educational-program-on-the-quality-of-life-of%C3%A2-patients-with-lymphedema-a-preliminary-evaluation
#6
Sophie Blaise, Bernadette Satger, Gilles Pernod, Cécile Richaud, Béatrice Villemur, Patrick H Carpentier
OBJECTIVE: We report on the preliminary evaluation of a well-designed program, Living with Lymphedema. This longitudinal cohort study assessed patients' quality of life using questionnaires. Our main objective was to evaluate the satisfaction of the patients and their adherence to the program. This was done using a specific questionnaire of satisfaction as well as by noting patients' adherence to the program (number of patients attending all three consultations). The secondary objective was to assess the effect of the program on the patient's quality of life...
September 2017: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818148/cross-sectional-survey-of-physicians-on-providing-volunteer-care-for-in-flight-medical-events
#7
Eric Chatfield, William F Bond, Bradley McCay, Claude Thibeault, Paulo M Alves, Marc Squillante, Joshua Timpe, Courtney J Cook, Raymond E Bertino
BACKGROUND: Airline carriers have equipment, procedures, and protocols in place to handle in-flight medical events (IFMEs). Community physicians may be asked for aid during IFMEs. Cross-Sectional Survey of Physicians on Providing Volunteer Care for In-Flight Medical Events surveyed self-assessed awareness and knowledge, perceived barriers, and suggestions for improving responses to IFMEs. METHODS: We composed a survey regarding clinicians' self-assessed understanding of in-flight resources, procedures, flight environmental issues, and Good Samaritan protections...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817783/the-association-between-insurance-type-and-cost-related-delay-in-care-a-survey
#8
Sora Al Rowas, Michael B Rothberg, Benjamin Johnson, Joel Miller, Mohanad AlMahmoud, Jennifer Friderici, Sarah L Goff, Tara Lagu
OBJECTIVES: Massachusetts has insurance rates similar to those projected under the Affordable Care Act, but many of the state's patients are insured through private insurance plans with high out-of-pocket costs. We aimed to explore the relationship between insurance type (private vs public) and delays in care due to cost, stratified by income. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. METHODS: We conducted a study of English-speaking adults recruited from the waiting rooms of the emergency department or outpatient clinics of a large healthcare system in western Massachusetts...
July 2017: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817750/the-surgeon-on-service-model-for-timely-economically-viable-inpatient-care-of-tracheostomy-patients-in-academic-pediatric-otolaryngology
#9
Jennifer M Lavin, James W Schroeder, Dana M Thompson
Importance: The traditional practice model for pediatric otolaryngologists at high-volume academic centers is to simultaneously balance outpatient care responsibilities with those of the inpatient service, emergency department, and ambulatory care clinics. This model leads to challenges with care coordination, timeliness of nonemergency operative care, and consistent participation in care and consultation at the attending surgeon level. The "surgeon on service" (SOS) model-where faculty members rotate to manage the inpatient service in lieu of outpatient responsibilities-has been described as one method to address this conundrum...
August 17, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817734/treatment-gap-and-barriers-for-mental-health-care-a-cross-sectional-community-survey-in-nepal
#10
Nagendra P Luitel, Mark J D Jordans, Brandon A Kohrt, Sujit D Rathod, Ivan H Komproe
CONTEXT: There is limited research on the gap between the burden of mental disorders and treatment use in low- and middle-income countries. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the treatment gap among adults with depressive disorder (DD) and alcohol use disorder (AUD) and to examine possible barriers to initiation and continuation of mental health treatment in Nepal. METHODS: A three-stage sampling technique was used in the study to select 1,983 adults from 10 Village Development Committees (VDCs) of Chitwan district...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817502/stroke-related-disease-comorbidity-and-secondary-stroke-prevention-practices-among-young-stroke-survivors
#11
Gayenell S Magwood, Brandi M White, Charles Ellis
BACKGROUND: Although ischemic stroke incidence has been in decline over the past 60 years, the same has not been observed among individuals younger than 55 years. Recent reports have shown a substantial increase in young stroke incidence, yet little is known about young stroke survivors. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the disease comorbidity profile and secondary prevention practices in stroke survivors younger than 50 years. METHODS: This study used a retrospective data analysis of secondary stroke prevention practices among young stroke survivors using data from the 2015 National Health Interview Survey...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28817436/why-do-general-surgeons-decide-to-retire-a-population-level-survey
#12
Heather M Poushay, Daniel J Kagedan, Julie Hallet, Lesley Gotlib Conn, Kaitlyn Beyfuss, Ashlie Nadler, Najma Ahmed, Frances C Wright
: Limited recent data exist regarding intended retirement plans for general surgeons (GS). We sought to understand when and why surgeons decide to stop operating as primary surgeon and stop all clinical work.A paper-based survey of practicing GS in the province of Ontario, Canada, was conducted. A questionnaire was developed using a systematic approach of item generation and reduction. Face and content validity were tested. The survey was administered via mail, with a planned reminder.Overall response rate was 33...
August 16, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816893/periarticular-liposomal-bupivacaine-injection-versus-intra-articular-bupivacaine-infusion-catheter-for-analgesia-after-total-knee-arthroplasty-a-double-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Eric B Smith, Gregory S Kazarian, Mitchell G Maltenfort, Jess H Lonner, Peter F Sharkey, Robert P Good
BACKGROUND: Intra-articular bupivacaine hydrochloride (HCl) infusion catheters and periarticular injections of liposomal bupivacaine are often used as postoperative local anesthetics. The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacies of these local anesthetics following total knee arthroplasty. METHODS: This study was a superiority trial with a randomized, controlled, double-blinded design. Patients were randomly assigned to either delivery of bupivacaine HCl by the ON-Q* Pain Relief System pump (n = 96) or by an injection of Exparel (liposomal bupivacaine) (n = 104)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816522/the-intertwined-relationship-between-patient-education-hospital-waiting-times-and-hospital-utilization
#14
Maike Schulz
Background Hospital waiting times are established instruments to ration healthcare when resources are scarce. However, higher educated patients may be better able to influence access to, and exit from, hospital care when waiting times are long. Methods Based on a representative sample of 11 European countries from the Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) collected in 2004/2005, this paper investigates whether the relationship between individual educational background and hospital utilization depends on the prevalent hospital waiting times in a country...
January 1, 2017: Health Services Management Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816362/social-space-and-cultural-class-divisions-the-forms-of-capital-and-contemporary-lifestyle-differentiation
#15
Magne Flemmen, Vegard Jarness, Lennart Rosenlund
In this article, we address whether and how contemporary social classes are marked by distinct lifestyles. We assess the model of the social space, a novel approach to class analysis pioneered by Bourdieu's Distinction. Although pivotal in Bourdieu's work, this model is too often overlooked in later research, making its contemporary relevance difficult to assess. We redress this by using the social space as a framework through which to study the cultural manifestation of class divisions in lifestyle differences in contemporary Norwegian society...
August 17, 2017: British Journal of Sociology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815857/association-between-short-sleep-duration-and-body-mass-index-in-australian-indigenous-children
#16
Melissa Deacon-Crouch, Isabelle Skinner, Joseph Tucci, Timothy Skinner
AIM: Associations between short sleep duration and obesity and the relationship between obesity and chronic illness are well documented. Obese children are likely to become obese adults. To date, there is a paucity of information regarding sleep duration and quality for Indigenous Australian people. It may be that poor-quality, short sleep is contributing to the gap in health outcomes for Indigenous people compared with non-Indigenous adults and children. This study sought to investigate the possibility that poor sleep quality may be contributing to health outcomes for Indigenous children by exploring associations between sleep duration and body mass index (BMI)...
August 16, 2017: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815702/a-multicentre-study-of-long-term-follow-up-and-owner-satisfaction-following-enucleation-in-horses
#17
K Wright, J L Ireland, D I Rendle
BACKGROUND: Horses are reported to return to a variety of disciplines following unilateral enucleation; however, owners of horses with ocular disease are frequently reluctant to consider the procedure. There is little published information investigating owners' attitudes towards, and satisfaction following, enucleation. OBJECTIVES: To investigate the hypotheses: 1. horses return to their previous level of work following unilateral enucleation and, 2. their owners are satisfied with the post-operative outcome...
August 16, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815611/the-value-of-frontal-sinusotomy-for-chronic-rhinosinusitis-with-nasal-polyps-a-cost-utility-analysis
#18
George A Scangas, Ashton E Lehmann, Aaron K Remenschneider, Brooke M Su, Mark G Shrime, Ralph Metson
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The number of surgical procedures performed for frontal sinusitis and the associated costs have increased dramatically over the past decade. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the cost-effectiveness of endoscopic frontal sinusotomy (EFS) in patients with chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP). STUDY DESIGN: Cohort-style Markov decision-tree economic model with a 36-year time horizon. METHODS: Matched cohorts of CRSwNP patients who underwent endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) with (n = 139) and without (n = 49) EFS were compared to each other and to patients (n = 139) from the Medical Expenditures Survey Panel database who underwent medical management for chronic rhinosinusitis...
August 16, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815552/connect-home-transitional-care-of-skilled-nursing-facility-patients-and-their-caregivers
#19
Mark Toles, Cathleen Colón-Emeric, Mary D Naylor, Josephine Asafu-Adjei, Laura C Hanson
BACKGROUND: Older adults that transfer from skilled nursing facilities (SNF) to home have significant risk for poor outcomes. Transitional care of SNF patients (i.e., time-limited services to ensure coordination and continuity of care) is poorly understood. OBJECTIVE: To determine the feasibility and relevance of the Connect-Home transitional care intervention, and to compare preparedness for discharge between comparison and intervention dyads. DESIGN: A non-randomized, historically controlled design-enrolling dyads of SNF patients and their family caregivers...
August 16, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28815353/perceptions-of-the-inpatient-training-experience-a-nationwide-survey-of-gastroenterology-program-directors-and-fellows
#20
EDITORIAL
Navin L Kumar, Molly L Perencevich, Jerry S Trier
BACKGROUND: Inpatient training is a key component of gastroenterology (GI) fellowship programs nationwide, yet little is known about perceptions of the inpatient training experience. AIM: To compare the content, objectives and quality of the inpatient training experience as perceived by program directors (PD) and fellows in US ACGME-accredited GI fellowship programs. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide, online-based survey of GI PDs and fellows at the conclusion of the 2016 academic year...
August 16, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
keyword
keyword
99338
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"