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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527007/factors-associated-with-supportive-care-needs-in-glioma-patients-in-the-neuro-oncological-outpatient-setting
#1
Mirjam Renovanz, Marlene Hechtner, Mareile Janko, Karoline Kohlmann, Jan Coburger, Minou Nadji-Ohl, Jochem König, Florian Ringel, Susanne Singer, Anne-Katrin Hickmann
Objective of this study aimed at assessing glioma patients' supportive care needs in a neurosurgical outpatient setting and identifying factors that are associated with needs for support. In three neuro-oncological outpatient departments, glioma patients were assessed for their psychosocial needs using the Supportive Care Needs Survey short-form (SCNS-SF34-G). Associations between clinical, sociodemographic, treatment related factors as well as distress (measured with the distress thermometer) and supportive care needs were explored using multivariable general linear models...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Neuro-oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526485/improving-the-sexual-health-of-young-people-with-mobility-impairments-challenges-and-recommendations
#2
Molly Secor-Turner, Barbara J McMorris, Peter Scal
INTRODUCTION: This mixed-method study (a) describes challenges to providing sexual health services to youth with mobility impairments from the perspective of health care providers and experts and (b) describes and compares sexual health-related experiences of youth with mobility impairments. METHOD: Secondary data analysis of My Path, a study focused on the transition to adulthood for youth with mobility impairments. Using an exploratory sequential design, qualitative data (n = 10) were analyzed using systematic content analysis followed by quantitative analysis of survey data (N = 337)...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526480/human-seasonal-and-circadian-studies-in-antarctica-halley-75-0-s
#3
Josephine Arendt, Benita Middleton
Living for extended periods in Antarctica exposes base personnel to extremes of daylength (photoperiod) and temperature. At the British Antarctic Survey base of Halley, 75(0)S, the sun does not rise for 110 d in the winter and does not set for 100 d in summer. Photoperiod is the major time cue governing the timing of seasonal events such as reproduction in many species. The neuroendocrine signal providing photoperiodic information to body physiology is the duration of melatonin secretion which reflects the length of the night: longer in the short days of winter and shorter in summer...
May 16, 2017: General and Comparative Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526065/malnutrition-and-poor-oral-health-status-are-major-risks-among-primary-school-children-at-lasbela-balochistan-pakistan
#4
Muhammad Ayaz Mustufa, Abdul Karim Jamali, Ifra Sameen, Fateh Muhammad Burfat, Mir Yousaf Baloch, Abdul Hameed Baloch, Ghulam Rasool Baloch, Shazia Kulsoom Lashari, Sobiya Mohiuddin Ayaz, Muhammad Younus Baloch
BACKGROUND: This survey was focusing on health and oral hygiene status of primary school children at Lasbela district considering the comparatively less developed and socio demographically deprived part of the Country. METHODS: A cross sectional survey was conducted to determine the health status of primary school children in seven tehseels of district Lasbela, Balochistan after applying proportionate sampling technique from March 2015 to July 2015. Field teams visited assigned schools to screen children and collect health related data on predesigned and pre coded proforma...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526039/influences-on-patient-satisfaction-in-healthcare-centers-a-semi-quantitative-study-over-5%C3%A2-years
#5
Ruth D Thornton, Nicole Nurse, Laura Snavely, Stacey Hackett-Zahler, Kenice Frank, Robert A DiTomasso
BACKGROUND: Knowledge of ambulatory patients' satisfaction with clinic visits help improve communication and delivery of healthcare. The goal was to examine patient satisfaction in a primary care setting, identify how selected patient and physician setting and characteristics affected satisfaction, and determine if feedback provided to medical directors over time impacted patient satisfaction. METHODS: A three-phase, semi-quantitative analysis was performed using anonymous, validated patient satisfaction surveys collected from 889 ambulatory outpatients in 6 healthcare centers over 5-years...
May 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525984/study-protocol-evaluation-of-the-probiotic-lactobacillus-fermentum-cect5716-for-the-prevention-of-mastitis-in-breastfeeding-women-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#6
Diana M Bond, Jonathan M Morris, Natasha Nassar
BACKGROUND: Mastitis and accompanying pain have been associated with the cessation of breastfeeding. Mastitis is an inflammatory condition of the breast and may be a result of decreased immunity and a lowered resistance to infection. Mastitis affects up to one in five breastfeeding women with most episodes occurring in the first 6-8 weeks postpartum. Antibiotics are often used in the treatment of mastitis, but have not been popular or proven effective as a preventative agent. The WHO has highlighted significant concerns relating to adverse harms of antibiotic use with the production of antibiotic-resistant strains of disease organisms...
May 19, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525440/prevention-and-management-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-using-social-capital-and-physical-activity-among-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-populations
#7
Akiko Kamimura, Jennifer Tabler, Maziar M Nourian, Nushean Assasnik, Lindsey Wright, Jeanie Ashby
The purpose of this study is to examine the association between physical activity adherence and social capital among uninsured primary care patients with or without hypertension and/or diabetes. Uninsured adults using a free clinic (N = 374) participated in a self-administered survey from January to April in 2016. The percentage of participants who were adherent to physical activity was low regardless of having hypertension and/or diabetes, or not. Individuals who reported a high sense of community were associated with a higher percentage of physical activity adherence...
July 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524823/prevalence-of-developmental-dysplasia-of-the-hip-in-chinese-adults-a-cross-sectional-survey
#8
Feng-De Tian, De-Wei Zhao, Wei Wang, Lin Guo, Si-Miao Tian, Ao Feng, Fan Yang, Dong-Yi Li
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) is unknown in China. We aimed to determine the prevalence of DDH in Chinese adults. METHODS: In this study, we performed a cross-sectional survey of a nationally representative sample of Chinese adults. All participants underwent questionnaire investigation, physical examination, and X-ray examination. Factors associated with DDH were analyzed with logistic regression. RESULTS: We invited 29,180 individuals aged 18 years and over to participate, randomly selected from 18 primary sampling units (street districts in urban areas and townships in rural areas)...
June 5, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524746/a-contemporary-profile-of-primary-progressive-multiple-sclerosis-participants-from-the-narcoms-registry
#9
Amber Salter, Nina P Thomas, Tuula Tyry, Gary R Cutter, Ruth Ann Marrie
BACKGROUND: Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) represents 10%-15% of all multiple sclerosis (MS) diagnoses. Information regarding socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of persons with PPMS is limited. OBJECTIVE: To characterize persons with PPMS in the North American Research Committee on Multiple Sclerosis (NARCOMS) Registry. METHODS: We compared demographic and health-related characteristics of NARCOMS Registry participants reporting PPMS in the spring 2015 update survey with those reporting relapsing-remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS) and secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS), with characteristics of published PPMS cohorts...
May 1, 2017: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524242/women-with-vulvodynia-awareness-and-knowledge-of-its-care-among-student-healthcare-staff
#10
Minna Törnävä, Meeri Koivula, Mika Helminen, Tarja Suominen
BACKGROUND: Many women with vulvodynia are women of fertile age, and this syndrome may cause many physical and psychosexual functional disorders. Women with vulvodynia often find that healthcare professionals seem to demonstrate a lack of awareness about the syndrome and its care. These issues have not been previously studied among student healthcare staff. AIM: To investigate awareness and knowledge about vulvodynia and its care among staff in the student healthcare sector in Finland...
May 19, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523939/prevalence-of-psychological-distress-how-do-australia-and-canada-compare
#11
Joanne C Enticott, Elizabeth Lin, Frances Shawyer, Grant Russell, Brett Inder, Scott Patten, Graham Meadows
OBJECTIVE: To compare equivalent population-level mental health indicators in Canada and Australia, and articulate recommendations to support equitable mental health services. These are two somewhat similar resource-rich countries characterized by extensive non-metropolitan and rural regions as well as significant areas of socioeconomic deprivation. METHODS: A cross-national epidemiology and equity study: primary outcome was Kessler Psychological Distress Scale (K10) in recent national surveys...
May 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523090/penetrating-craniomaxillofacial-injury-caused-by-a-pneumatic-nail-gun
#12
Kevin Jae Choi, Marisa Ann Ryan, Tracy Cheng, David Powers
Craniomaxillofacial injuries can be complex, requiring a multidisciplinary approach. The primary survey is always the first step in trauma management prior to proceeding with further evaluation and treatment. A 26-year-old man presented with a penetrating nail gun injury through the oral and nasal cavities. He did not present in extremis but required elective endotracheal intubation for intraoperative assessment and treatment. Airway management was enhanced by the use of lingual nerve and inferior alveolar nerve blocks via the Vazirani-Akinosi technique to maintain spontaneous respiration while the tongue was distracted from the palate...
June 2017: Craniomaxillofacial Trauma & Reconstruction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28522162/implementing-shared-decision-making-for-diabetes-care-across-country-settings-what-really-matters-to-people
#13
Michela Tinelli, Panagiotis Petrou, George Samoutis, Vivie Traynor, George Olympios, Alistair McGuire
CONTEXT: Growing evidence of improved clinical outcomes and patient/professional satisfaction supports shared-decision-making (SDM) services as an effective primary care interventions for diabetes. However, only a few countries have actually adopted them (e.g. England). In other European countries (e.g. Cyprus) there is awareness that patients play a crucial role in decision-making, and SDM services could be considered as innovative strategies to promote the actual implementation of patient rights legislation and strengthen primary care...
May 10, 2017: Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521837/prevalence-and-predictors-of-implanon-utilization-among-women-of-reproductive-age-group-in-tigray-region-northern-ethiopia
#14
Desta Gebre-Egziabher, Araya Abrha Medhanyie, Mussie Alemayehu, Fisaha Haile Tesfay
BACKGROUND: The Ethiopian Federal Ministry of Health introduced provision of the contraceptive Implanon at community level by trained health extension workers in 2009. However, little is known regarding the utilization and factors associated with Implanon use among rural women since the introduction of the community based intervention. Thus, this study assessed the utilization of Implanon and associated factors among reproductive aged women in rural areas of Saesie-Tsaeda Emba and Ofla districts in Tigray, Northern Ethiopia...
May 18, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521834/incidence-of-total-hip-or-knee-replacement-due-to-osteoarthritis-in-relation-to-thyroid-function-a-prospective-cohort-study-the-nord-tr%C3%A3-ndelag-health-study
#15
Alf Inge Hellevik, Marianne Bakke Johnsen, Arnulf Langhammer, Anne Marie Fenstad, Ove Furnes, Kjersti Storheim, John Anker Zwart, Gunnar Flugsrud, Lars Nordsletten
BACKGROUND: To study whether thyroid function was associated with risk of hip or knee replacement due to primary osteoarthritis. METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, data from the second and third survey of the Nord-Trøndelag Health Study were linked to the Norwegian Arthroplasty Register in order to identify total hip or knee replacement as a result of primary osteoarthritis. RESULTS: Among 37 891 participants without previously known thyroid disease we recorded 978 total hip replacements (THRs) and 538 total knee replacements (TKRs) during a median follow-up time of 15...
May 18, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521750/data-for-improvement-and-clinical-excellence-a-report-of-an-interrupted-time-series-trial-of-feedback-in-home-care
#16
Kimberly D Fraser, Anne E Sales, Melba Andrea B Baylon, Corinne Schalm, John J Miklavcic
BACKGROUND: There is substantial evidence about the effectiveness of audit with feedback, but none that we know have been conducted in home care settings. The primary purpose of the Data for Improvement and Clinical Excellence - Home Care (DICE-HC) project was to evaluate the effects of an audit and feedback delivered to care providers on home care client outcomes. The objective of this paper is to report the effects of feedback on four specific quality indicators: pain, falls, delirium, and hospital visits...
May 18, 2017: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28521566/quality-of-life-in-turkish-infertile-couples-and-related-factors
#17
Asli Goker, Emre Yanikkerem, Ozer Birge, Naci Kemal Kuscu
Infertility is a major life crisis affecting couples' psychosocial and physical health. We aimed to assess the quality of life in Turkish infertile couples. This cross-sectional survey was carried out in 127 infertile couples admitted to a University Hospital. The quality of life was measured using the fertility quality of life tool (FertiQoL) scale. Women had lower overall quality of life than men. Women and men who were married for fewer than 10 years had a significantly lower emotional score. Women who had a history of infertility treatment, men who have lived in the town or village men with primary infertility and men who have had primary education or lower, had lower scores for mind/body subscale...
May 19, 2017: Human Fertility: Journal of the British Fertility Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520838/effect-of-the-prepare-website-vs-an-easy-to-read-advance-directive-on-advance-care-planning-documentation-and-engagement-among-veterans-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Rebecca L Sudore, John Boscardin, Mariko A Feuz, Ryan D McMahan, Mary T Katen, Deborah E Barnes
Importance: Documentation rates of patients' medical wishes are often low. It is unknown whether easy-to-use, patient-facing advance care planning (ACP) interventions can overcome barriers to planning in busy primary care settings. Objective: To compare the efficacy of an interactive, patient-centered ACP website (PREPARE) with an easy-to-read advance directive (AD) to increase planning documentation. Design, Setting, and Participants: This was a comparative effectiveness randomized clinical trial from April 2013 to July 2016 conducted at multiple primary care clinics at the San Francisco VA Medical Center...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520827/surgical-outcomes-of-bony-batten-grafting-to-correct-caudal-septal-deviation-in-septoplasty
#19
Do-Youn Kim, Sung Hoon Nam, Sami E Alharethy, Yong Ju Jang
Improtance: Correction of caudal septal deviation with a batten graft has been popularized recently. However, few reports have documented the surgical outcomes of this technique, especially the use of bony batten grafts in septoplasty. Objective: To evaluate the surgical outcomes of bony batten grafting for the management of caudal septal deviation in endonasal septoplasty. Design, Setting, and Participants: This retrospective cohort study evaluates the medical records of 141 patients with caudal septal deviation who underwent septoplasty using bony batten grafts from September 1, 2011, through February 29, 2016, at a tertiary referral hospital...
May 18, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520773/development-of-the-highly-sensitive-dog-questionnaire-to-evaluate-the-personality-dimension-sensory-processing-sensitivity-in-dogs
#20
Maya Braem, Lucy Asher, Sibylle Furrer, Isabel Lechner, Hanno Würbel, Luca Melotti
In humans, the personality dimension 'sensory processing sensitivity (SPS)', also referred to as "high sensitivity", involves deeper processing of sensory information, which can be associated with physiological and behavioral overarousal. However, it has not been studied up to now whether this dimension also exists in other species. SPS can influence how people perceive the environment and how this affects them, thus a similar dimension in animals would be highly relevant with respect to animal welfare. We therefore explored whether SPS translates to dogs, one of the primary model species in personality research...
2017: PloS One
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