keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Primary survey

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244775/spatial-temporal-and-dietary-variables-associated-with-elevated-mercury-exposure-in-peruvian-riverine-communities-upstream-and-downstream-of-artisanal-and-small-scale-gold-mining
#1
Lauren Wyatt, Ernesto J Ortiz, Beth Feingold, Axel Berky, Sarah Diringer, Ana Maria Morales, Elvis Rojas Jurado, Heileen Hsu-Kim, William Pan
Artisanal and small-scale gold mining (ASGM) is a primary contributor to global mercury and its rapid expansion raises concern for human exposure. Non-occupational exposure risks are presumed to be strongly tied to environmental contamination; however, the relationship between environmental and human mercury exposure, how exposure has changed over time, and risk factors beyond fish consumption are not well understood in ASGM settings. In Peruvian riverine communities (n = 12), where ASGM has increased 4-6 fold over the past decade, we provide a large-scale assessment of the connection between environmental and human mercury exposure by comparing total mercury contents in human hair (2-cm segment, n = 231) to locally caught fish tissue, analyzing temporal exposure in women of child bearing age (WCBA, 15-49 years, n = 46) over one year, and evaluating general mercury exposure risks including fish and non-fish dietary items through household surveys and linear mixed models...
December 15, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243678/the-relationship-between-pathological-wear-of-teeth-and-temporomandibular-joint-dysfunction
#2
Egle Mickeviciute, Ausra Baltrusaityte, Gaivile Pileicikiene
OBJECTIVE: Temporomandibular joint dysfunction (TMJD) is quite frequent pathology in population. In scientific literature pathological tooth wear (PTW) is listed among the predisposing factors of it. MATERIAL AND METHODS: During the survey 189 primary patients of dental department in polyclinic of Panevezys city were examined. According to the tooth wear degree 2 groups have been formed: control group (grade 0-1) withouth TMJ dysfunction; and experimental group (grade 2-4) with presumable TMJD...
2017: Stomatologija
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243446/prevalence-of-dental-caries-among-schoolchildren-from-north-eastern-italian-population
#3
Andrea Dobbiani, Federico Berton, Giuseppe Perinetti, Fulvia Costantinides, Roberto DI Lenarda
OBJECTIVE: The longitudinal aspect of dental caries has not been previously reported for the Italian population. The primary object of the present study is to collect information of the prevalence of dental decay among the schoolchildren of primary school of Gradisca d'Isonzo (GO) and to analyse the tendency of caries among the students followed since the first year of school. METHODS: Subsequent examinations hold from 2011 to 2015 has been conducted by two calibrated examiners...
December 14, 2017: Minerva Stomatologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243107/impact-of-geriatric-assessment-for-the-therapeutic-decision-making-of-breast-cancer-results-of-a-french-survey-afsos-and-sofog-collaborative-work
#4
Claire Falandry, Ivan Krakowski, Hervé Curé, Elisabeth Carola, Pierre Soubeyran, Olivier Guérin, Hélène Gaudin, Gilles Freyer
BACKGROUND: Cancer management in the elderly is often considered as suboptimal, highly variable, and rarely evidence-based. Data are needed to understand decision-making processes in this population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A survey was performed in France to describe decision-making in gynaecologic patients over 70. It followed a three-step method: (1) 101 representative physicians questioned about treatment decision criteria; (2) simplified individual data were collected; (3) as well as detailed data patients receiving chemotherapy...
December 14, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242251/equal-opportunity-equal-work-increasing-women-s-participation-in-the-u-s-president-s-malaria-initiative-africa-indoor-residual-spraying-project
#5
Abigail Donner, Allison Belemvire, Ben Johns, Keith Mangam, Elana Fiekowsky, Jayleen Gunn, Mary Hayden, Kacey Ernst
BACKGROUND: One of the primary control measures for malaria transmission is indoor residual spraying (IRS). Historically, few women have worked in IRS programs, despite the income-generating potential. Increasing women's roles in IRS requires understanding the barriers to women's participation and implementing measures to address them. The U.S. President's Malaria Initiative (PMI) Africa Indoor Residual Spraying (AIRS) Project is the largest implementer of IRS globally. To address gender inequity in IRS operations, PMI AIRS assessed the barriers to the participation of women and developed and implemented policies to address these barriers...
December 14, 2017: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242113/professionals-knowledge-attitude-and-referral-behaviour-of-preimplantation-genetic-diagnosis-for-hereditary-breast-and-ovarian-cancer
#6
J J G Gietel-Habets, C E M de Die-Smulders, V C G Tjan-Heijnen, I A P Derks-Smeets, R van Golde, E Gomez-Garcia, L A D M van Osch
Hereditary breast and ovarian cancer caused by a BRCA1/2 mutation is the most frequent indication for preimplantation genetic diagnosis (PGD) in the Netherlands. The extent to which involved professionals are informed about this option, however, is unclear. The few available international studies mostly represent a limited range of professionals, and suggest that their knowledge about PGD for hereditary cancer syndromes is sparse and referral for PGD is based on limited understanding. A cross-sectional survey assessing awareness, knowledge, acceptability and PGD-referral for BRCA was completed by 188 professionals involved in the field of breast and ovarian cancer or reproduction...
December 6, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242000/social-recovery-therapy-in-combination-with-early-intervention-services-for-enhancement-of-social-recovery-in-patients-with-first-episode-psychosis-supereden3-a-single-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
David Fowler, Jo Hodgekins, Paul French, Max Marshall, Nick Freemantle, Paul McCrone, Linda Everard, Anna Lavis, Peter B Jones, Tim Amos, Swaran Singh, Vimal Sharma, Max Birchwood
BACKGROUND: Provision of early intervention services has increased the rate of social recovery in patients with first-episode psychosis; however, many individuals have continuing severe and persistent problems with social functioning. We aimed to assess the efficacy of early intervention services augmented with social recovery therapy in patients with first-episode psychosis. The primary hypothesis was that social recovery therapy plus early intervention services would lead to improvements in social recovery...
December 11, 2017: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241717/provider-discussions-of-genetic-tests-with-u-s-women-at-risk-for-a-brca-mutation
#8
Leland E Hull, Jennifer S Haas, Steven R Simon
INTRODUCTION: The U.S. Preventive Services Task Force recommends that primary care providers screen unaffected women with a family history of BRCA mutation-associated cancers, but without a personal history of BRCA-related cancer, for referral to genetic counseling and potential genetic testing. METHODS: The 2015 National Health Interview Survey was analyzed in January 2017 to determine the rates at which unaffected adult women with a positive family history of BRCA-related cancers, assessed using the Family History Screen-7, reported discussing genetic testing with a provider, using genetic counseling services, and having genetic testing for increased cancer risk...
December 11, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241617/effectiveness-of-a-lifestyle-intervention-led-by-female-community-health-volunteers-versus-usual-care-in-blood-pressure-reduction-cobin-an-open-label-cluster-randomised-trial
#9
Dinesh Neupane, Craig S McLachlan, Shiva Raj Mishra, Michael Hecht Olsen, Henry B Perry, Arjun Karki, Per Kallestrup
INTRODUCTION: Elevated blood pressure greatly contributes to cardiovascular deaths in low-income and middle-income countries. We aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a population-level intervention led by existing community health workers in reducing the burden of hypertension in a low-income population. METHODS: We did a community-based, open-label, two-group, cluster-randomised controlled trial in Nepal. Using computer-generated codes, we randomly assigned (1:1) 14 clusters to a lifestyle intervention led by female community health volunteers (FCHVs) or usual care (control group)...
January 2018: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240847/characterizing-hospitalist-practice-and-perceptions-of-critical-care-delivery
#10
Joseph R Sweigart, David Aymond, Alfred Burger, Andy Kelly, Nick Marzano, Thomas McIlraith, Peter Morris, Mark V Williams, Eric M Siegal
BACKGROUND: Intensivist shortages have led to increasing hospitalist involvement in critical care delivery. OBJECTIVE: To characterize the practice of hospitalists practicing in the intensive care unit (ICU) setting. DESIGN: Survey of hospital medicine physicians. SETTING: This survey was conducted as a needs assessment for the ongoing efforts of the Critical Care Task Force of the Society of Hospital Medicine Education Committee...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240799/inappropriate-self-medication-among-adolescents-and-its-association-with-lower-medication-literacy-and-substance-use
#11
Chun-Hsien Lee, Fong-Ching Chang, Sheng-Der Hsu, Hsueh-Yun Chi, Li-Jung Huang, Ming-Kung Yeh
BACKGROUND: While self-medication is common, inappropriate self-medication has potential risks. This study assesses inappropriate self-medication among adolescents and examines the relationships among medication literacy, substance use, and inappropriate self-medication. METHOD: In 2016, a national representative sample of 6,226 students from 99 primary, middle, and high schools completed an online self-administered questionnaire. Multiple logistic regression analysis was used to examine factors related to inappropriate self-medication...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240730/quickstats-percentage-of-visits-by-patients-aged-%C3%A2-18-years-to-office-based-physicians%C3%A2-made-by-patients-with-%C3%A2-2-selected-diagnosed-chronic-conditions-%C3%A2-by-physician-specialty-category-and-patient-age-group-national-ambulatory-medical-care-survey-2015
#12
(no author information available yet)
In 2015, the percentage of office-based physician visits by adults with two or more diagnosed chronic conditions was 53.1% for primary care physicians, 38.5% for medical specialists, and 23.9% for surgeons. This pattern was observed for each of the age groups studied. The percentage of visits increased with age group, regardless of specialty category.
December 15, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240658/nursing-activities-for-patients-with-chronic-disease-in-primary-care-settings-a-practice-analysis
#13
Marie-Eve Poitras, Maud-Christine Chouinard, Frances Gallagher, Martin Fortin
BACKGROUND: Nurses in primary care organizations play a central role for patients with chronic disease. Lack of clarity in role description may be associated with underutilization of nurse competencies that could benefit the growing population of patients with chronic disease. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to describe nursing activities in primary care settings with patients with chronic disease. METHODS: A Web-based survey was sent to nurses practicing in Family Medicine Groups in the Canadian Province of Québec...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240657/inequalities-in-health-services-usage-in-a-national-health-system-scheme-the-case-of-a-southern-social-european-region
#14
Maite Morteruel, Elena Rodriguez-Alvarez, Unai Martin, Amaia Bacigalupe
BACKGROUND: Health services can reduce inequalities caused by other determinants of health or increase them due to the effect of the inverse care law-the principle that the availability of good quality care tends to vary inversely with the need for it in the population served. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of the research was to describe inequalities in the use of nursing services, medical services in primary care, specialist care, and services not fully covered by the Basque public health system in Spain...
January 2018: Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240636/the-etiology-of-genital-ulcer-disease-and-coinfections-with-chlamydia-trachomatis-and-neisseria-gonorrhoeae-in-zimbabwe-results-from-the-zimbabwe-sti-etiology-study
#15
More Mungati, Anna Machiha, Owen Mugurungi, Mufuta Tshimanga, Peter H Kilmarx, Justice Nyakura, Gerald Shambira, Vitalis Kupara, David A Lewis, Elizabeth Gonese, Beth A Tippett Barr, H Hunter Handsfield, Cornelis A Rietmeijer
BACKGROUND: In many countries, sexually transmitted infections (STIs) are treated syndromically. Thus, patients diagnosed as having genital ulcer disease (GUD) in Zimbabwe receive a combination of antimicrobials to treat syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV), and genital herpes. Periodic studies are necessary to assess the current etiology of GUD and assure the appropriateness of current treatment guidelines. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We selected 6 geographically diverse clinics in Zimbabwe serving high numbers of STI cases to enroll men and women with STI syndromes, including GUD...
January 2018: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240232/trends-in-self-reported-oral-health-of-us-adults-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-1999-2014
#16
Kar Yan Li, Christopher E Okunseri, Colman McGrath, May C M Wong
OBJECTIVE: Single-item self-reported oral health (SROH) is a convenient and reliable measure for the assessment of population-based oral health. However, little is known about trends and its associations among US adults. This study investigated trends in SROH (aged 20+ years) and the associated factors among adults living in the United States. METHODS: Self-reported oral health data for 41 621 adults aged 20+ years from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999 to 2014 were analysed...
December 14, 2017: Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240002/practices-attitudes-and-knowledge-about-crohn-s-disease-and-smoking-cessation-among-gastroenterologists
#17
Benjamin Nulsen, Bruce E Sands, Brijen J Shah, Ryan C Ungaro
OBJECTIVE: Cigarette smoking is one of the most important, modifiable environmental factors in Crohn's disease (CD) and screening for tobacco use is an official recommendation and quality measure in the care of CD patients. The objective of this study was to learn more about gastroenterologists' practices, opinions, and knowledge in this area. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A 15 question survey was sent through email to two national gastroenterology distribution lists. Questions were written in multiple choice formats and were designed to collect information about gastroenterologists' practices, attitudes, and knowledge regarding smoking cessation in CD patients...
December 12, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239943/achieving-milestones-as-a-prerequisite-for-proceeding-with-a-clinical-trial
#18
Angela M Mickle, Hannah R Maybrier, Anke C Winter, Sherry L McKinnon, Brian A Torres, Nan Lin, Eric J Lenze, Susan Stark, Maxwell R Muench, Eric Jacobsohn, Sharon K Inouye, Michael S Avidan, Troy S Wildes
BACKGROUND: Although the National Institutes of Health (NIH) invests $30 billion in research annually, many funded studies fail to generate results that can inform practice. The National Institutes of Health introduced a phased funding mechanism as one potential solution. Study-specific milestones are established for an initial pilot phase. We assess the utility of this phased approach through the ongoing Electroencephalography (EEG) Guidance of Anesthesia to Alleviate Geriatric Syndromes (ENGAGES) pragmatic clinical trial...
December 11, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239251/treatment-of-distal-interphalangeal-ganglion-cysts-by-volar-corticosteroid-injection
#19
Kent Weinheimer, Nathan Patrick, Michael Darowish
BACKGROUND: Various options exist for operative and nonoperative treatment of symptomatic distal interphalangeal (DIP) ganglion cysts. We describe the technique and efficacy of a novel treatment of DIP ganglion cysts using a volar, transtendon, intra-articular injection of corticosteroid. METHODS: This was a single center, retrospective study (2010-2015) of 21 patients who received a volar, intra-articular corticosteroid injection for treatment of DIP ganglion cysts...
December 1, 2017: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239073/knowledge-perception-access-and-utilisation-of-hiv-counselling-and-testing-among-pregnant-women-in-rural-communities-of-osogbo-town-nigeria
#20
Adekemi E Olowokere, Oluyemi A Adelakun, Abiola O Komolafe
OBJECTIVE: To assess knowledge, perception, access and utilisation of HIV counselling and testing among pregnant women from rural communities in Nigeria. DESIGN: Descriptive cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Primary health care facilities in rural communities of Osogbo, Osun State, Nigeria. PARTICIPANTS: Three-hundred pregnant women attending antenatal clinics in primary health care facilities. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Knowledge of HIV counselling and testing, perception of HIV counselling and testing, utilisation of HIV counselling and testing and barriers associated with HIV counselling and testing utilisation...
December 14, 2017: Australian Journal of Rural Health
keyword
keyword
99338
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"