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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444986/supported-ionic-liquids-a-versatile-and-useful-class-of-materials
#1
REVIEW
Vincenzo Campisciano, Francesco Giacalone, Michelangelo Gruttadauria
Supported ionic liquids (SILs) represent a class of materials with peculiar properties and a huge potential regarding their possible applications in different fields of chemistry. Herein, we report our ongoing research about the use of SILs as support for organocatalysts, their role as catalysts themselves, and their application as support and stabilizers of palladium nanoparticles (PdNPs). The use of SILs based materials allowed achieving good results. Moreover, in some cases, after the functionalization of the catalytic species with an ion-tag moiety, a release and catch approach was employed in order to improve the catalytic activity and to facilitate the recovery of the hybrid system formed by the catalyst adsorbed onto SILs materials...
April 26, 2017: Chemical Record: An Official Publication of the Chemical Society of Japan ... [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28444891/chemistry-of-the-5g-elements-relativistic-calculations-on-hexafluorides
#2
Jean-Pierre Dognon, Pekka Pyykkö
A Periodic System was proposed for the elements 1-172 by Pyykkö on the basis of atomic and ionic calculations. In it, the elements 121-138 were nominally assigned to a 5g row. We now perform molecular, relativistic four-component DFT calculations and find that the hexafluorides of the elements 125-129 indeed enjoy occupied 5g states.
April 26, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443507/synthesis-and-biological-activity-of-unnatural-enediynes
#3
Roberto Romeo, Salvatore V Giofrè, Maria A Chiacchio
The first reports of the natural enediyne anticancer antibiotics date back to the late 1980s; since then, a great deal of interest has been devoted to the chemistry, biology and potential medical applications of this family of compounds. The biological activity of enediynes is linked to the presence of a highly unsaturated hex-1-ene- 1,5-diyne system. The thermally induced transformation of this unit into a benzene  diradical (the Bergman cycloaromatization) is the key step of the antitumor properties of such compounds: 1,4-diaryl radicals are able to abstract H-atoms from the deoxyribose backbone of DNA, thus leading to DNA strand cleavage and ultimately cell death...
April 24, 2017: Current Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442906/a-review-of-drug-delivery-systems-based-on-nanotechnology-and-green-chemistry-green-nanomedicine
#4
REVIEW
Hossein Jahangirian, Ensieh Ghasemian Lemraski, Thomas J Webster, Roshanak Rafiee-Moghaddam, Yadollah Abdollahi
This review discusses the impact of green and environmentally safe chemistry on the field of nanotechnology-driven drug delivery in a new field termed "green nanomedicine". Studies have shown that among many examples of green nanotechnology-driven drug delivery systems, those receiving the greatest amount of attention include nanometal particles, polymers, and biological materials. Furthermore, green nanodrug delivery systems based on environmentally safe chemical reactions or using natural biomaterials (such as plant extracts and microorganisms) are now producing innovative materials revolutionizing the field...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442005/implications-of-using-different-water-sources-when-hydrologically-compacting-bioretention-columns
#5
Clayton A Stahnke, Cara J Poor
  Many investigators have conducted research on bioretention systems both in the laboratory and field. There is little consensus on which sources of water are best suited to hydrologically compact bioretention columns. Water with low ionic strength can leach ions from soil media, resulting in a different soil chemistry environment than would be found in typical bioretention applications. Soil columns were hydrologically compacted with three different water sources often used in column studies: deionized water, tap water, and rain water...
May 1, 2017: Water Environment Research: a Research Publication of the Water Environment Federation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441630/winter-to-summer-change-in-vitamin-d-status-reduces-systemic-inflammation-and-bioenergetic-activity-of-human-peripheral-blood-mononuclear-cells
#6
Emily K Calton, Kevin N Keane, Raquel Raizel, Jordan Rowlands, Mario J Soares, Philip Newsholme
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D status [25(OH)D] has recently been reported to be associated with altered cellular bioenergetic profiles of peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs). No study has tracked the seasonal variation of 25(OH)D and its putative influence on whole body energy metabolism, cellular bioenergetic profiles, inflammatory markers and clinical chemistry. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Whole body energy metabolism and substrate utilisation were measured by indirect calorimetry...
April 13, 2017: Redox Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441615/near-infrared-light-stimuli-responsive-synergistic-therapy-nanoplatforms-based-on-the-coordination-of-tellurium-containing-block-polymer-and-cisplatin-for-cancer-treatment
#7
Feng Li, Tianyu Li, Wei Cao, Lu Wang, Huaping Xu
Cisplatin (CDDP) has received worldwide approval for clinical use in the past decades. However, its development in cancer chemotherapy was overshadowed by severe side effects and drug resistance. Herein, we developed a CDDP drug delivery system with high encapsulation efficiency and near-infrared light stimuli-responsive drug release properties based on the coordination of novel tellurium-containing block polymer (PEG-PUTe-PEG) and CDDP. The nanocarriers made from PEG-PUTe-PEG were loaded with CDDP and indocyanine green (ICG) simultaneously...
April 17, 2017: Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441475/2-2-spirobis-chromene-derivatives-chemistry-and-their-relation-with-the-multistate-system-of-anthocyanins
#8
Artur J Moro, A Jorge Parola, Fernando Pina, Ana-Maria Pana, Valentin Badea, Iulia Pausescu, Sergiu Shova, Liliana Cseh
The chemistry of 2,2'-spirobis[chromene] derivatives is intimately related to the one of anthocyanins and similar compounds. The 2,2'-spirobis[chromene] species plays a central role in the network of chemical reactions connecting two different flavylium-based multistate systems. In the present work, a new asymmetric 2,2'-spirobis[chromene] intermediate possessing a constrained propylenic bridge between carbons 3 and 3' was isolated and its role as a pivot in the anthocyanins-type multistate of chemical reactions was investigated by the conjugation of absorption spectroscopy, stopped-flow, NMR and X-Ray crystallography...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Organic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440652/an-experimental-and-theoretical-study-of-the-thermal-decomposition-of-c4h6-isomers
#9
James Philip Andrew Lockhart, C Franklin Goldsmith, John Batista Randazzo, Branko Ruscic, Robert Simon Tranter
The chemistry of small unsaturated hydrocarbons, such as 1,3-butadiene (1,3-C4H6), 1,2-butadiene (1,2-C4H6), 2-butyne (2-C4H6) and 1-butyne (1-C4H6), is of central importance to the modeling of combustion systems. These species are important intermediates in combustion processes, and yet their high-temperature chemistry remains poorly understood, with various dissociation and isomerization pathways proposed in the literature. Here we investigate the thermal decompositions of 1,3-C4H6, 1,2-C4H6, 2-C4H6 and 1-C4H6 inside a diaphragmless shock tube, at post shock total pressures of 26-261 Torr and temperatures ranging from 1428-2354 K, using laser schlieren densitometry...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440644/direct-observation-of-the-ultrafast-evolution-of-open-shell-biradical-in-photochromic-radical-dimer
#10
Yoichi Kobayashi, Hajime Okajima, Hikaru Sotome, Takeshi Yanai, Katsuya Mutoh, Yusuke Yoneda, Yasuteru Shigeta, Akira Sakamoto, Hiroshi Miyasaka, Jiro Abe
Delocalized biradicals have been extensively studied because of fundamental interests to singlet biradicals and several potential applications such as to two-photon absorption materials. However, many of the biradical studies only focus on the static properties of the rigid molecular structures. It is expected that the biradical properties of the delocalized biradicals are sensitive to the subtle changes of the molecular structures and their local environments. Therefore, the studies of the dynamic properties of the system will give further insight into stable radical chemistry...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440073/antiparallel-dynamic-covalent-chemistries
#11
Bartosz Mateusz Matysiak, Piotr Nowak, Ivica Cvrtila, Charalampos Pappas, Bin Liu, David Komaromy, Sijbren Otto
The ability to design reaction networks with high, but addressable complexity is a necessary prerequisite to make advanced functional chemical systems. Dynamic combinatorial chemistry has proven to be a useful tool in achieving complexity, however with some limitations in controlling it. Herein we introduce the concept of antiparallel chemistries, in which the same functional group can be channeled into one of two reversible chemistries depending on a controllable parameter. Such systems allow both for achieving complexity, by combinatorial chemistry, and addressing it, by switching from one chemistry to another by controlling an external parameter...
April 25, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436674/general-dialdehyde-click-chemistry-for-amine-bioconjugation
#12
Sina Elahipanah, Paul J O'Brien, Dmitry Rogozhnikov, Muhammad N Yousaf
The development of methods for conjugating a range of molecules to primary amine functional groups has revolutionized the fields of chemistry, biology, and material science. The primary amine is a key functional group and one of the most important nucleophiles and bases used in all of synthetic chemistry. Therefore, tremendous interest in the synthesis of molecules containing primary amines and strategies to devise chemical reactions to react with primary amines has been at the core of chemical research. In particular, primary amines are a ubiquitous functional group found in biological systems as free amino acids, as key side chain lysines in proteins, and in signaling molecules and metabolites and are also present in many natural product classes...
April 24, 2017: Bioconjugate Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436548/an-open-source-framework-for-analyzing-n-electron-dynamics-i-multideterminantal-wave-functions
#13
Vincent Pohl, Gunter Hermann, Jean Christophe Tremblay
The aim of the present contribution is to provide a framework for analyzing and visualizing the correlated many-electron dynamics of molecular systems, where an explicitly time-dependent electronic wave packet is represented as a linear combination of N-electron wave functions. The central quantity of interest is the electronic flux density, which contains all information about the transient electronic density, the associated phase, and their temporal evolution. It is computed from the associated one-electron operator by reducing the multideterminantal, many-electron wave packet using the Slater-Condon rules...
April 24, 2017: Journal of Computational Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436505/well-defined-functional-mesoporous-silica-polymer-hybrids-prepared-by-an-icar-atrp-technique-integrated-with-bio-inspired-polydopamine-chemistry-for-lithium-isotope-separation
#14
Yuekun Liu, Xuegang Liu, Gang Ye, Yang Song, Fei Liu, Xiaomei Huo, Jing Chen
Mesoporous silica/polymer hybrids with well-preserved mesoporosity were prepared by integrating the initiators for continuous activator regeneration (ICAR) atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) technique with the bio-inspired polydopamine (PDA) chemistry. By manipulating the auto-oxidative polymerization of dopamine, uniform PDA layers were deposited on the surfaces and pore walls of ordered mesoporous silicas (OMSs), thereby promoting the immobilization of ATRP initiators. Poly(glycidyl methacrylate) (PGMA) brushes were then grown from the OMSs by using the ICAR ATRP technique...
April 24, 2017: Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436069/the-eprep-system-a-new-electrophoretic-approach-for-dna-isolation-from-biological-samples
#15
Corinna Kueppers, Sabine Schlappa, Annette Bogdoll, Lothar Breitkopf, Nicole Seip, Thorsten Singer
We present a new free-flow electrophoretic separation system that extends the established concepts of nucleic acid migration in an electric field to a broadly applicable preparative scale. The system comprises a disposable flow tube in which the target nucleic acids are separated from impurities by a balanced combination of electrophoretic migration and counter-streaming electroosmotic flow under the influence of an applied external electric field. Despite the complex theoretical background the introduced electrophoretic technology offers simple hardware setup and handling protocols...
April 24, 2017: Electrophoresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435537/integrated-platform-for-expedited-synthesis-purification-testing-of-small-molecule-libraries
#16
Aleksandra Baranczak, Noah P Tu, Jasmina Marjanovic, Philip A Searle, Anil Vasudevan, Stevan W Djuric
The productivity of medicinal chemistry programs can be significantly increased through the introduction of automation, leading to shortened discovery cycle times. Herein, we describe a platform that consolidates synthesis, purification, quantitation, dissolution, and testing of small molecule libraries. The system was validated through the synthesis and testing of two libraries of binders of polycomb protein EED, and excellent correlation of obtained data with results generated through conventional approaches was observed...
April 13, 2017: ACS Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433569/vitamin-d-binding-protein-rs7041-polymorphism-and-high-residual-platelet-reactivity-in-patients-receiving-dual-antiplatelet-therapy-with-clopidogrel-or-ticagrelor
#17
Monica Verdoia, Veronica Daffara, Patrizia Pergolini, Roberta Rolla, Paolo Marino, Giorgio Bellomo, Alessandro Carriero, Giuseppe De Luca
BACKGROUND: Vitamin D deficiency represents a major health problem in general population, especially for its association with cardiovascular disorders and thrombotic risk, even in patients on dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT). Vitamin D Binding Protein (VDBP) is the main transporter of vitamin D in the bloodstream and genetic polymorphisms of this protein have been shown to account for a significant variability of vitamin D levels and its systemic effects. Contrasting data have linked the rs7041 T→G substitution with cardiovascular disease...
April 19, 2017: Vascular Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433056/discriminative-sensing-of-dopa-enantiomers-by-cyclodextrin-anchored-graphene-nanohybrids
#18
Salih Ates, Erhan Zor, Ilker Akin, Haluk Bingol, Sabri Alpaydin, Emine G Akgemci
Discriminative sensing of chiral species with a convenient and robust system is a challenge in chemistry, pharmaceutics and particularly in biomedical science. Advanced nanohybrid materials for discrimination of these biologically active molecules can be developed by combination of individual obvious advantages of different molecular scaffolds. Herein, we report on the comparison of the performance of cyclodextrin functionalized graphene derivatives (x-CD/rGO, x: α-, β-, γ-) for discrimination of DOPA enantiomers...
June 1, 2017: Analytica Chimica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432844/evaluating-new-hba1c-methods-for-adoption-by-the-ifcc-and-ngsp-reference-networks-using-international-quality-targets
#19
Erna Lenters-Westra, Emma English
BACKGROUND: As a reference laboratory for HbA1c, it is essential to have accurate and precise HbA1c methods covering a range of measurement principles. We report an evaluation of the Abbott Enzymatic (Architect c4000), Roche Gen.3 HbA1c (Cobas c513) and Tosoh G11 using different quality targets. METHODS: The effect of hemoglobin variants, other potential interferences and the performance in comparison to both the International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC) and the National Glycohemoglobin Standardization Program (NGSP) reference systems was assessed using certified evaluation protocols...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432841/comparison-of-pneumatic-tube-system-with-manual-transport-for-routine-chemistry-hematology-coagulation-and-blood-gas-tests
#20
Alex Pupek, Beverly Matthewson, Erin Whitman, Rachel Fullarton, Yu Chen
BACKGROUND: The pneumatic tube system (PTS) is commonly used in modern clinical laboratories to provide quick specimen delivery. However, its impact on sample integrity and laboratory testing results are still debatable. In addition, each PTS installation and configuration is unique to its institution. We sought to validate our Swisslog PTS by comparing routine chemistry, hematology, coagulation and blood gas test results and sample integrity indices between duplicate samples transported either manually or by PTS...
April 22, 2017: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
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