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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775874/emotion-regulation-as-a-predictor-of-the-endocrine-autonomic-affective-and-symptomatic-stress-response-and-recovery
#1
Katarina Krkovic, Annika Clamor, Tania M Lincoln
Stress is associated with the development of mental disorders such as depression and psychosis. The ability to regulate emotions is likely to influence how individuals respond to and recover from acute stress, and may thus be relevant to symptom development. To test this, we investigated whether self-reported emotion regulation predicts the endocrine, autonomic, affective, and symptomatic response to and recovery from a stressor. Social-evaluative stress was induced by the Trier Social Stress Test (TSST) in N = 67 healthy individuals (53...
April 30, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772106/the-relationships-between-pain-catastrophizing-subcomponents-and-multiple-pain-related-outcomes-in-japanese-outpatients-with-chronic-pain-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Tomonori Adachi, Aya Nakae, Tomoyuki Maruo, Kenrin Shi, Lynn Maeda, Youichi Saitoh, Masahiko Shibata, Jun Sasaki
OBJECTIVES: The present study sought to examine associations between the pain catastrophizing subcomponents and multiple pain-related outcomes in Japanese individuals with chronic pain. METHODS: A cross-sectional study design was employed with 213 chronic pain outpatients. The participants were recruited from three units at one university hospital and from a pain clinic at a municipal hospital. Study measures were used to assess pain catastrophizing, anxiety, depression, pain interference, and pain severity...
May 17, 2018: Pain Practice: the Official Journal of World Institute of Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769157/the-role-of-performance-quality-in-adolescents-self-evaluation-and-rumination-after-a-speech-is-it-contingent-on-social-anxiety-level
#3
Anke W Blöte, Anne C Miers, Esther Van den Bos, P Michiel Westenberg
BACKGROUND: Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) has relatively poor outcomes for youth with social anxiety, possibly because broad-based CBT is not tailored to their specific needs. Treatment of social anxiety in youth may need to pay more attention to negative social cognitions that are considered a key factor in social anxiety development and maintenance. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to learn more about the role of performance quality in adolescents' cognitions about their social performance and, in particular, the moderating role social anxiety plays in the relationship between performance quality and self-cognitions...
May 17, 2018: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765312/associations-between-daily-mood-states-and-brain-gray-matter-volume-resting-state-functional-connectivity-and-task-based-activity-in-healthy-adults
#4
Elmira Ismaylova, Jessica Di Sante, Jean-Philippe Gouin, Florence B Pomares, Frank Vitaro, Richard E Tremblay, Linda Booij
Numerous studies have shown differences in the functioning in the areas of the frontal-limbic circuitry between depressed patients and controls. However, current knowledge on frontal-limbic neural substrates of individual differences in mood states in everyday life in healthy individuals is scarce. The present study investigates anatomical, resting-state, and functional neural correlates of daily mood states in healthy individuals. We expected to observe associations between mood and the frontal-limbic circuitry and the default-mode network (DMN)...
2018: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758471/the-predictive-specificity-of-psychological-vulnerability-markers-for-the-course-of-affective-disorders
#5
Sascha Y Struijs, Femke Lamers, Philip Spinhoven, Willem van der Does, Brenda W J H Penninx
High scores on markers of psychological vulnerability have been associated with a worse course of affective disorders. However, little is known about the specificity of those associations in predicting the course of different depressive and anxiety disorders. We examined the impact of psychological vulnerability on the short- and long-term course of depressive and anxiety disorders. Participants from the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety with a current diagnosis of depression or anxiety (n = 1256) were reassessed after 2 and 6 years...
April 30, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740292/adolescent-gender-differences-in-cognitive-control-performance-and-functional-connectivity-between-default-mode-and-fronto-parietal-networks-within-a-self-referential-context
#6
Gabriela Alarcón, Jennifer H Pfeifer, Damien A Fair, Bonnie J Nagel
Ineffective reduction of functional connectivity between the default mode network (DMN) and frontoparietal network (FPN) during cognitive control can interfere with performance in healthy individuals-a phenomenon present in psychiatric disorders, such as depression. Here, this mechanism is studied in healthy adolescents by examining gender differences in task-regressed functional connectivity using functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and a novel task designed to place the DMN-supporting self-referential processing (SRP)-and FPN-supporting cognitive control-into conflict...
2018: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740264/-map-training-my-brain-%C3%A2-meditation-plus-aerobic-exercise-lessens-trauma-of-sexual-violence-more-than-either-activity-alone
#7
Tracey J Shors, Han Y M Chang, Emma M Millon
Sexual violence against women often leads to post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a mental illness characterized by intrusive thoughts and memories about the traumatic event (Shors and Millon, 2016). These mental processes are obviously generated by the brain but often felt in the body. MAP Training My Brain ™ is a novel clinical intervention that combines mental training of the brain with physical training of the body (Curlik and Shors, 2013; Shors et al., 2014). Each training session begins with 20-min of sitting meditation, followed by 10-min of slow-walking meditation, and ending with 30-min of aerobic exercise at 60-80% of the maximum heart rate (see maptrainmybrain...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722135/stopping-the-train-of-thought-a-pilot-study-using-an-ecological-momentary-intervention-with-twice-daily-exposure-to-natural-versus-urban-scenes-to-lower-stress-and-rumination
#8
Femke Beute, Yvonne A W de Kort
BACKGROUND: Stress, and specifically perseverative cognition, is considered to have considerable detrimental effects on mental and physical health. Interventions that can offer temporary stress relief could, therefore, bring considerable health benefits. Previous research has pointed to stress-reducing effects of exposure to nature after acute stressors, but has not yet investigated effects in the realm of everyday life. The present pilot study explores whether an ecological momentary intervention using exposure to natural images could be effective in lowering stress and improve mood...
May 3, 2018: Applied Psychology. Health and Well-being
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29705425/in-vitro-ruminal-biohydrogenation-of-eicosapentaenoic-epa-docosapentaenoic-dpa-and-docosahexaenoic-acid-dha-in-cows-and-ewes-intermediate-metabolites-and-pathways
#9
P G Toral, G Hervás, H Leskinen, K J Shingfield, P Frutos
A great deal of uncertainty still exists about intermediate metabolites and pathways explaining the biohydrogenation (BH) of 20- and 22-carbon polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA). Therefore, this study was conducted to provide further insight into the ruminal metabolism of 20:5 n-3 (EPA), 22:5 n-3 (DPA), and 22:6 n-3 (DHA), the main n-3 PUFA present in the marine lipids used in dairy ruminant feeding, and to examine potential differences between bovine and ovine. To meet this aim, we investigated the 20- and 22-carbon metabolites accumulated during in vitro incubation of EPA, DPA, and DHA with rumen inocula from cows and ewes...
April 25, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704969/a-pilot-study-of-emotion-regulation-therapy-for-generalized-anxiety-and-depression-findings-from-a-diverse-sample-of-young-adults
#10
Megan E Renna, Jean M Quintero, Ariella Soffer, Martin Pino, Leslie Ader, David M Fresco, Douglas S Mennin
Emotion regulation therapy (ERT) for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and accompanying major depressive disorder (MDD) is a theoretically derived, evidence-based treatment that integrates principles from traditional and contemporary cognitive-behavioral and experiential approaches with basic and translational findings from affect science to offer a blueprint for improving intervention by focusing on the motivational responses and corresponding self-referential regulatory characteristics. Preliminary evidence supports the efficacy of a 20-session version of ERT...
May 2018: Behavior Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699700/the-effects-of-cognitive-behavior-therapy-for-depression-on-repetitive-negative-thinking-a-meta-analysis
#11
Philip Spinhoven, Nicola Klein, Mitzy Kennis, Angélique O J Cramer, Greg Siegle, Pim Cuijpers, Johan Ormel, Steve D Hollon, Claudi L Bockting
It is not clear if treatments for depression targeting repetitive negative thinking (RNT: rumination, worry and content-independent perseverative thinking) have a specific effect on RNT resulting in better outcomes than treatments that do not specifically target rumination. We conducted a systematic search of PsycINFO, PubMed, Embase and the Cochrane library for randomized trials in adolescents, adults and older adults comparing CBT treatments for (previous) depression with control groups or with other treatments and reporting outcomes on RNT...
April 17, 2018: Behaviour Research and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29691380/increased-functional-connectivity-of-the-posterior-cingulate-cortex-with-the-lateral-orbitofrontal-cortex-in-depression
#12
Wei Cheng, Edmund T Rolls, Jiang Qiu, Xiongfei Xie, Dongtao Wei, Chu-Chung Huang, Albert C Yang, Shih-Jen Tsai, Qi Li, Jie Meng, Ching-Po Lin, Peng Xie, Jianfeng Feng
To analyze the functioning of the posterior cingulate cortex (PCC) in depression, we performed the first fully voxel-level resting state functional-connectivity neuroimaging analysis of depression of the PCC, with 336 patients with major depressive disorder and 350 controls. Voxels in the PCC had significantly increased functional connectivity with the lateral orbitofrontal cortex, a region implicated in non-reward and which is thereby implicated in depression. In patients receiving medication, the functional connectivity between the lateral orbitofrontal cortex and PCC was decreased back towards that in the controls...
April 25, 2018: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29684053/the-ties-that-bind-ingroup-ties-are-linked-with-diminished-inflammatory-immune-responses-and-fewer-mental-health-symptoms-through-less-rumination
#13
Renate Ysseldyk, Robyn J McQuaid, Opal A McInnis, Hymie Anisman, Kimberly Matheson
The present research explored whether components of social identity, namely ingroup ties, affect, and centrality, were differentially linked to mental health and inflammatory immune responses, and whether rumination mediated those relations. Study 1 (N = 138) indicated that stronger ingroup ties were associated with fewer mental health (depressive and post-traumatic stress) symptoms; those relations were mediated by the tendency for individuals with strong ties to rely less on ruminative coping to deal with a stressful life event...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29680429/repetitive-thought-is-associated-with-both-subjectively-and-objectively-recorded-polysomnographic-indices-of-disrupted-sleep-in-insomnia-disorder
#14
Andrea Galbiati, Enrico Giora, Simone Sarasso, Marco Zucconi, Luigi Ferini-Strambi
BACKGROUND: Repetitive thought is a hallmark of several psychopathological conditions and in particular a perpetuating and maintaining factor in Insomnia Disorder. Accordingly, one of the primary complaints reported by Insomnia patients is the inability to shut-off or control thoughts. Worry and rumination are the two best-known styles of repetitive thought leading to sleep disturbances. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of these two cognitive processes on nocturnal sleep indices objectively recorded by polysomnography...
May 2018: Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676601/poor-cognitive-inhibition-predicts-rumination-about-insomnia-in-a-clinical-sample
#15
Andrea Ballesio, Cristina Ottaviani, Caterina Lombardo
OBJECTIVE/BACKGROUND: According to the Cognitive Model of Insomnia disorder, rumination about lack of sleep and its diurnal consequences plays a crucial role in maintaining insomnia. Consolidated evidence shows that rumination is related to poor executive functions, which are cognitive control processes impacted by insomnia. Despite this evidence, no studies so far investigated the relationship between executive functions and rumination in individuals with insomnia. The aim of this pilot study was to cover this gap by investigating whether poor executive functions are associated with rumination in a sample of individuals with a diagnosis of insomnia disorder...
April 20, 2018: Behavioral Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672091/resting-state-connectivity-dynamics-in-individuals-at-risk-for-psychosis
#16
Andrea Pelletier-Baldelli, Jessica R Andrews-Hanna, Vijay A Mittal
Clarifying dynamic fluctuations in resting-state connectivity in individuals at risk for psychosis (termed clinical high risk [CHR]) may inform understanding of psychotic disorders, such as schizophrenia, which have been associated with dysconnectivity and aberrant salience processing. Dynamic functional connectivity (DFC) investigations provide insight into how neural networks exchange information over time. Currently, there are no published DFC studies involving CHR individuals. This is notable, because understanding how networks may come together and disassociate over time could lend insight into the neural communication that underlies psychosis development and symptomatology...
April 2018: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668420/queering-biology-gutting-feminism-a-review-essay-of-gut-feminism-by-elizabeth-a-wilson-durham-nc-duke-university-press-2015
#17
David A Rubin
The author reviews Elizabeth A. Wilson's Gut Feminism (2015), arguing that Wilson's book productively challenges some of feminist theory's most entrenched presuppositions: that social, cultural, and discursive frameworks are opposed and superior to biological ones; that biological matter is flat, sovereign, monolithic, and determining; that depression is more a cultural, historical, and psychological phenomenon than a biochemical and pharmaceutical one (and that these nominative distinctions are stable and natural); and finally, that the belly's ruminations (hunger, ingestion, digestion, peristalsis, diarrhea, constipation, and excretion) give no clue as to the complexities of entanglements between gut, psyche, subjectivity, sociality, and hostility...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Lesbian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657347/affect-intensity-moderates-the-association-of-emotional-clarity-with-emotion-regulation-and-depressive-symptoms-in-unselected-and-treatment-seeking-samples
#18
Vera Vine, Brett Marroquín
Depression is associated with subjective difficulties identifying one's emotions, known as low emotional clarity, but the mediators and moderators of this relationship are not well understood. We hypothesized that the role of emotional clarity in emotion regulation and, in turn, depression depends on individual differences in negative affect intensity. In Study 1, conducted in an unselected sample ( N =119), low emotional clarity more strongly predicted depression symptoms among individuals higher in affect intensity...
February 2018: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652773/a-lonely-search-risk-for-depression-when-spirituality-exceeds-religiosity
#19
Jeffrey R Vittengl
This study clarified longitudinal relations of spirituality and religiosity with depression. Spirituality's potential emphasis on internal (e.g., intrapsychic search for meaning) versus religiosity's potential emphasis on external (e.g., engagement in socially-sanctioned belief systems) processes may parallel depression-linked cognitive-behavioral phenomena (e.g., rumination and loneliness) conceptually. Thus, this study tested the hypothesis that greater spirituality than religiosity, separate from the overall level of spirituality and religiosity, predicts longitudinal increases in depression...
May 2018: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643581/hypervigilance-to-pain-affects-activities-of-daily-living-an-examination-using-the-japanese-version-of-the-pain-vigilance-awareness-questionnaire
#20
Hayato Shigetoh
[Purpose] Hypervigilance to pain is an important aspect of the fear-avoidance model of pain that may be associated with disability more than other psychological factors examined. The aim of the study was to investigate how hypervigilance to pain influences disability compared with other psychological factors examined. [Subjects and Methods] The subjects of this study were 50 elderly patients with chronic pain (7 men and 43 women, 80.3 ± 7.8 years). To assess the pain level, the Numerical Rating Scale (NRS) was used...
December 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
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