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rumination depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28340118/group-music-therapy-as-a-preventive-intervention-for-young-people-at-risk-cluster-randomized-trial
#1
Christian Gold, Suvi Saarikallio, Alexander Hew Dale Crooke, Katrina Skewes McFerran
Background: Music forms an important part of the lives and identities of adolescents and may have positive or negative mental health implications. Music therapy can be effective for mental disorders such as depression, but its preventive potential is unknown. Objective: The aim of this study was to examine whether group music therapy (GMT) is an effective intervention for young people who may be at risk of developing mental health problems, as indicated via unhealthy music use...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Music Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327097/rumination-mediates-the-relationship-between-overgeneral-autobiographical-memory-and-depression-in-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#2
Yansong Liu, Xinnian Yu, Bixiu Yang, Fuquan Zhang, Wenhua Zou, Aiguo Na, Xudong Zhao, Guangzhong Yin
BACKGROUND: Overgeneral autobiographical memory has been identified as a risk factor for the onset and maintenance of depression. However, little is known about the underlying mechanisms that might explain overgeneral autobiographical memory phenomenon in depression. The purpose of this study was to test the mediation effects of rumination on the relationship between overgeneral autobiographical memory and depressive symptoms. Specifically, the mediation effects of brooding and reflection subtypes of rumination were examined in patients with major depressive disorder...
March 21, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325174/the-relationship-between-adolescent-rumination-and-maternal-rumination-criticism-and-positivity
#3
Jessica L Douglas, Deirdre Williams, Shirley Reynolds
BACKGROUND: Rumination predicts depression in adults and adolescents. The development of rumination has been linked to parenting practices, but only limited research has investigated this and research has tended to rely on self-report parenting measures. AIMS: To investigate the relationship between female adolescent rumination and maternal modelling, criticism and positivity using an observational measure of parental behaviour. METHOD: A cross-sectional design was used...
March 22, 2017: Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316567/distinct-functional-connectivities-predict-clinical-response-with-emotion-regulation-therapy
#4
REVIEW
David M Fresco, Amy K Roy, Samantha Adelsberg, Saren Seeley, Emmanuel García-Lesy, Conor Liston, Douglas S Mennin
Despite the success of available medical and psychosocial treatments, a sizable subgroup of individuals with commonly co-occurring disorders, generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and major depressive disorder (MDD), fail to make sufficient treatment gains thereby prolonging their deficits in life functioning and satisfaction. Clinically, these patients often display temperamental features reflecting heightened sensitivity to underlying motivational systems related to threat/safety and reward/loss (e.g., somatic anxiety) as well as inordinate negative self-referential processing (e...
2017: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28299918/worry-and-anger-rumination-in-fibromyalgia-syndrome
#5
A Ricci, S Bonini, M Continanza, M T Turano, E M Puliti, A Finocchietti, D Bertolucci
The aim of the present study was twofold: 1) to investigate the psychological profile of patients with fibromyalgia syndrome (FS) as compared to patients with other chronic pain syndromes (CP) and healthy subjects (HS); 2) to examine the associations between anxiety, depression, worry and angry rumination in FS patients. FS patients (N=30), CP patients (N=30) and HS (N=30) completed measurements of anxiety, depression, worry and angry rumination. FS patients showed higher levels of state and trait anxiety, worry and angry rumination than CP patients and HS, and higher levels of depression than HS...
December 31, 2016: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28296207/understanding-the-relationship-between-suicidality-current-depressed-mood-personality-and-cognitive-factors
#6
Shri Cameron, Verity J Brown, Barbara Dritschel, Kevin Power, Malcolm Cook
OBJECTIVES: Links between suicidality and depressed mood are well established. There is, however, little information about the emotional regulation processes that underlie the relationship between suicidality and current low mood, and how these processes differ between groups of never-suicidal (NS), suicidal ideators, and suicide attempters. As suicidality and depression are heterogeneous constructs, this study aimed to conduct within- and between-group comparisons of known suicide risk factors that are associated with emotion regulation (neuroticism, trait aggression, brooding, impulsivity, and overgeneral autobiographical memories)...
March 11, 2017: Psychology and Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285248/ptsd-s-risky-behavior-criterion-relation-with-dsm-5-ptsd-symptom-clusters-and-psychopathology
#7
Ateka A Contractor, Nicole H Weiss, Paula Dranger, Camilo Ruggero, Cherie Armour
A new symptom criterion of reckless and self-destructive behaviors (E2) was recently added to posttraumatic stress disorder's (PTSD) diagnostic criteria in DSM-5, which is unsurprising given the well-established relation between PTSD and risky behaviors. Researchers have questioned the significance and incremental validity of this symptom criterion within PTSD's symptomatology. Unprecedented to our knowledge, we aim to compare trauma-exposed groups differing on their endorsement status of the risky behavior symptom on several psychopathology constructs (PTSD, depression, distress tolerance, rumination, anger)...
March 6, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282722/attentional-avoidant-biases-as-mediators-in-the-association-between-experiential-avoidance-and-blood-pressure-in-dementia-family-caregivers
#8
María Márquez-González, Isabel Cabrera, Andrés Losada, Bob G Knight
OBJECTIVES: Experiential avoidance in caregiving (EAC) has been found to be related with dementia family caregivers´ distress and blood pressure (BP). The association between EAC and avoidant attentional biases to emotional stimuli in dementia caregivers, and the potential mediating role of these attentional biases in the association between EAC and increased BP are explored. METHOD: Seventy nine dementia family caregivers performed a dot-probe task with emotional pictures (distressing and positive) varying in content (general vs...
March 2, 2017: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28277687/subjective-social-status-and-rumination-in-relation-to-anxiety-and-depressive-symptoms-and-psychopathology-among-economically-disadvantaged-latinos-in-primary-care
#9
David C Talavera, Daniel J Paulus, Monica Garza, Melissa Ochoa-Perez, Chad Lemaire, Jeanette Valdivieso, Daniel Bogiaizian, Zuzuky Robles, Jafar Bakhshaie, Kara Manning, Rheeda Walker, Michael Businelle, Michael J Zvolensky
The present investigation examined the interactive effects of subjective social status and rumination in relation to anxiety/depressive symptoms and psychopathology among 276 Latinos (82% female; Mage = 39.2, SD = 11.1; 97.0% reported Spanish as first language) who attended a community-based primary health care clinic. Results indicated that the interaction between rumination and subjective social status was significantly associated with depression (B = -.04, t = -3.52, p < .001, 95% CI [-.06, -.02]), social anxiety (B = -...
March 9, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273521/positive-future-oriented-fantasies-and-depressive-symptoms-indirect-relationship-through-brooding
#10
Natalia Macrynikola, Shama Goklani, Julia Slotnick, Regina Miranda
Although a positive future outlook is generally associated with psychological well-being, indulging in positive fantasies about the future has been found to exacerbate negative mood-related outcomes such as depressive symptoms. We examined rumination as a cognitive mechanism in this relationship, using an objectively coded measure of future-oriented fantasies, among 261 young adults assessed twice. Engaging in a positive fantasy about the future was associated with the brooding subtype of rumination but not with reflection at baseline...
March 4, 2017: Consciousness and Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261923/preventing-intimate-partner-violence-via-the-internet-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-emotion-regulation-and-conflict-management-training-for-individuals-with-aggression-problems
#11
Hugo Hesser, Sandra Axelsson, Victoria Bäcke, Jonna Engstrand, Tina Gustafsson, Elin Holmgren, Ulrika Jeppsson, Maria Pollack, Kjell Nordén, Dan Rosenqvist, Gerhard Andersson
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this randomized controlled trial was to investigate the effect of an Internet-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy (iCBT), which incorporated emotion-regulation and conflict-resolution techniques, on intimate partner violence (IPV). Another aim was to test the theoretical underpinnings of the treatment model using mediation analysis. METHOD: Sixty-five participants with aggression problems in intimate adult relationships were recruited from the community and were randomly assigned to iCBT or to a monitored waitlist control...
March 6, 2017: Clinical Psychology & Psychotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261121/executive-control-in-depressive-rumination-backward-inhibition-and-non-inhibitory-switching-performance-in-a-modified-mixed-antisaccade-task
#12
Barbara C Y Lo, Jeffrey C C Liu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The present study examines backward inhibition (BI) and non-inhibitory switching performance among depressed and healthy participants in a modified mixed antisaccade task. Specifically, sad and neutral faces were incorporated in the design to examine executive control difficulties associated with brooding trait. METHODS: Thirty-nine participants took part in the study, including 19 depressed patients and 20 healthy control subjects. Participants completed a diagnostic interview and self-report questionnaires, including the Beck Depression Inventory and Ruminative Response Scale-Brooding Subscale...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259401/replacing-alfalfa-silage-with-tannin-containing-birdsfoot-trefoil-silage-in-total-mixed-rations-for-lactating-dairy-cows
#13
G A Broderick, J H Grabber, R E Muck, U C Hymes-Fecht
Two lactation trials were conducted comparing the feeding value of silages made from birdsfoot trefoil (BFT, Lotus corniculatus L.) that had been selected for low (BFTL), medium (BFTM), and high (BFTH) levels of condensed tannins (CT) to an alfalfa silage (AS) when fed as the principal forage in total mixed rations. Diets also included corn silage, high-moisture shelled corn, soybean meal, soy hulls, and supplemental fat. In trial 1, 32 lactating Holstein cows were blocked by days in milk, assigned to treatment sequences in 8 balanced 4 × 4 Latin squares, and fed 50% dietary dry matter from AS or 1 of 3 BFT silages containing 0...
March 2, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258357/do-overgeneral-autobiographical-memories-predict-increased-psychopathological-symptoms-in-community-youth-a-3-year-longitudinal-investigation
#14
Charlotte Gutenbrunner, Karen Salmon, Paul E Jose
Research suggests that an overgeneral autobiographical memory style (i.e., retrieval of general memories when instructed to retrieve a specific episodic memory) represents a vulnerability marker for depression. Although adolescence is a period of high risk for the emergence of depression, little research has investigated the associations among overgeneral memory, psychopathology, and risk factors longitudinally in a community sample in this age group. We, therefore, investigated overgeneral memory, psychopathology (depression and anxiety), and rumination (an established risk factor for psychopathology) longitudinally in 269 typically-developing youth (125 females, 144 males) across 3 annual assessment points...
March 3, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28254650/three-dimensional-components-of-selfhood-in-treatment-naive-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder-a-resting-state-qeeg-imaging-study
#15
Andrew A Fingelkurts, Alexander A Fingelkurts
Based on previous studies implicating increased functional connectivity within the self-referential brain network in major depressive disorder (MDD), and considering the functional roles of three distinct modules of such brain net (responsible for three-dimensional components of Selfhood) together with the documented abnormalities of self-related processing in MDD, we tested the hypothesis that patients with depression would exhibit increased connectivity within each module of the self-referential brain network and that the strength of these connections would correlate positively with depression severity...
February 28, 2017: Neuropsychologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252977/rumination-is-associated-with-diminished-performance-monitoring
#16
Ema Tanovic, Greg Hajcak, Charles A Sanislow
Rumination is a construct that cuts across a variety of disorders, including anxiety and depression. It has been associated with deficits in cognitive control thought to confer risk for psychopathology. One aspect of cognitive control that is especially relevant to the content of ruminative thoughts is error processing. We examined the relation of rumination and 2 electrophysiological indices of error processing, error-related negativity (ERN), an early index of error detection, and error positivity (Pe), a later index of error awareness...
March 2, 2017: Emotion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243094/abnormal-whole-brain-functional-connectivity-in-patients-with-primary-insomnia
#17
Chao Li, Mengshi Dong, Yi Yin, Kelei Hua, Shishun Fu, Guihua Jiang
The investigation of the mechanism of insomnia could provide the basis for improved understanding and treatment of insomnia. The aim of this study is to investigate the abnormal functional connectivity throughout the entire brain of insomnia patients, and analyze the global distribution of these abnormalities. Whole brains of 50 patients with insomnia and 40 healthy controls were divided into 116 regions and abnormal connectivities were identified by comparing the Pearson's correlation coefficients of each pair using general linear model analyses with covariates of age, sex, and duration of education...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28236814/diet-induced-milk-fat-depression-is-associated-with-alterations-in-ruminal-biohydrogenation-pathways-and-formation-of-novel-fatty-acid-intermediates-in-lactating-cows
#18
Laura Ventto, Heidi Leskinen, Piia Kairenius, Tomasz Stefański, Ali R Bayat, Johanna Vilkki, Kevin J Shingfield
The biohydrogenation theory of milk fat depression (MFD) attributes decreases in milk fat in cows to the formation of specific fatty acids (FA) in the rumen. Trans-10, cis-12-CLA is the only biohydrogenation intermediate known to inhibit milk fat synthesis, but it is uncertain if increased ruminal synthesis is the sole explanation of MFD. Four lactating cows were used in a 4×4 Latin square with a 2×2 factorial arrangement of treatments and 35-d experimental periods to evaluate the effect of diets formulated to cause differences in ruminal lipid metabolism and milk fat synthesis on the flow of FA and dimethyl acetal at the omasum...
February 27, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230732/effects-of-acute-blueberry-flavonoids-on-mood-in-children-and-young-adults
#19
Sundus Khalid, Katie L Barfoot, Gabrielle May, Daniel J Lamport, Shirley A Reynolds, Claire M Williams
Epidemiological evidence suggests that consumption of flavonoids (usually via fruits and vegetables) is associated with decreased risk of developing depression. One plausible explanation for this association is the well-documented beneficial effects of flavonoids on executive function (EF). Impaired EF is linked to cognitive processes (e.g., rumination) that maintain depression and low mood; therefore, improved EF may reduce depressionogenic cognitive processes and improve mood. Study 1: 21 young adults (18-21 years old) consumed a flavonoid-rich blueberry drink and a matched placebo in a counterbalanced cross-over design...
February 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230391/improvements-in-emotion-regulation-following-mindfulness-meditation-effects-on-depressive-symptoms-and-perceived-stress-in-younger-breast-cancer-survivors
#20
Chloe C Boyle, Annette L Stanton, Patricia A Ganz, Catherine M Crespi, Julienne E Bower
OBJECTIVE: Mindfulness meditation reduces psychological distress among individuals with cancer. However, mechanisms for intervention effects have not been fully determined. This study tested emotion regulation strategies as mediators of intervention effects in a sample of younger women treated for breast cancer, a group at risk for psychological distress. We focused on two distinct strategies targeted by the intervention-rumination and self-kindness-and further examined the broader construct of mindfulness as a potential mediator...
April 2017: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology
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