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Guillermo Castaño, Gloria Sierra, Daniela Sánchez, Yolanda Torres, Carolina Salas, Carolina Buitrago
Introducción. La violencia en sus diferentes modalidades incrementa el riesgo de trastornos mentales y de consumo de drogas.Objetivos. Estimar la prevalencia de los trastornos mentales, del uso y abuso de drogas, así como los factores asociados en víctimas de desplazamiento forzado en tres ciudades colombianas.Materiales y métodos. Se hizo un estudio de prevalencia en una muestra de 1.026 personas entre los 13 y los 65 años de edad, a quienes se entrevistó utilizando el instrumento Composite International Diagnostic Interview y el Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test de la Organización Mundial de la Salud, así como un cuestionario sobre el consumo de drogas modificado a partir de la encuesta del Sistema Interamericano de Datos Uniformes sobre Drogas de la Comisión Interamericana para el Control del Abuso de Drogas de la Organización de Estados Americanos, y otro sobre aspectos relacionados con el desplazamiento forzado...
May 1, 2018: Biomédica: Revista del Instituto Nacional de Salud
Anderson Reis de Sousa, Álvaro Pereira, Gilvânia Patrícia do Nascimento Paixão, Nadirlene Gomes Pereira, Luana Moura Campos, Telmara Menezes Couto
Objective: to know the consequences that men experience related to incarceration by conjugal violence. Methods: qualitative study on 20 men in jail and indicted in criminal processes related to conjugal violence in a Court specialized in Family and Domestic Violence against women. The interviews were classified based on Collective Subject Discourse method, using NVIVO(r) software. Results: the collective discourse shows that the experience of preventive imprisonment starts a process of family dismantling, social stigma, financial hardship and psycho-emotional symptoms such as phobia, depression, hypertension, and headaches...
December 8, 2016: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
Jeanne Rini Poespoprodjo, Wendelina Fobia, Enny Kenangalem, Daniel A Lampah, Paulus Sugiarto, Emiliana Tjitra, Nicholas M Anstey, Richard N Price
BACKGROUND: In Papua, Indonesia, maternal malaria is prevalent, multidrug resistant and associated with adverse outcomes for mother and baby. In March 2006, anti-malarial policy was revised for the second and third trimester of pregnancy to dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHP) for all species of malaria. This study presents the temporal analysis of adverse outcomes in pregnancy and early life following this policy change. METHODS: From April 2004 to May 2010, a standardized questionnaire was used to collect information from all pregnant women admitted to the maternity ward...
July 15, 2015: Malaria Journal
José Olivares, Pablo J Olivares-Olivares, Ana I Rosa-Alcázar, Luis Montesinos, Diego Macià
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to explore which of the outcomes attained by the application of the psychological program Intervención en Adolescentes con Fobia Social (Intervention in Adolescents with Social Phobia) can be attributed to the therapist's competence. METHOD: The experimental study consists of three conditions: Waiting list control, Group treated by expert psychologists, and Group treated by inexperienced psychologists, with a sample of 110 Spanish adolescents whose mean age was 15...
2014: Psicothema
Jeanne Rini Poespoprodjo, Wendy Fobia, Enny Kenangalem, Daniel A Lampah, Paulus Sugiarto, Emiliana Tjitra, Nicholas M Anstey, Ric N Price
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) is recommended for the treatment of multidrug resistant malaria in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy, but the experience with ACTs is limited. We review the exposure of pregnant women to the combination dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine over a 6 year period. METHODS: From April 2004-June 2009, a prospective hospital-based surveillance screened all pregnant women for malaria and documented maternal and neonatal outcomes...
2014: PloS One
J R Poespoprodjo, W Fobia, E Kenangalem, A Hasanuddin, P Sugiarto, E Tjitra, N M Anstey, R N Price
BACKGROUND: The epidemiology of congenital malaria was investigated in a hospital-based malaria surveillance study in Papua, Indonesia. METHODS: From April 2005 to January 2010, 4878 delivering women and their newborns underwent prospective clinical review and malaria screening by peripheral blood microscopy. FINDINGS: Congenital malaria occurred in 8 per 1000 (38/4884) live births, with Plasmodium falciparum accounting for 76.3% (29) and P...
November 15, 2011: Journal of Infectious Diseases
Ilona Kifer, Ruth Nussinov, Haim J Wolfson
The pathways by which proteins fold into their specific native structure are still an unsolved mystery. Currently, many methods for protein structure prediction are available, and most of them tackle the problem by relying on the vast amounts of data collected from known protein structures. These methods are often not concerned with the route the protein follows to reach its final fold. This work is based on the premise that proteins fold in a hierarchical manner. We present FOBIA, an automated method for predicting a protein structure...
June 2011: Proteins
Denis J Dollard, John B Fobia
Lower quadrant abdominal pain is a common complaint evaluated in emergency departments (EDs). The number of differential diagnoses is lowered when the pain in a male patient is associated with a palpable tender mass. These diagnoses include inguinal hernia, inflamed inguinal lymph node, rectus sheath hematoma, cryptorchidism, mass derived from the spermatic cord, and polyorchidism. We report a case of extra scrotal spermatocele causing lower quadrant abdominal pain that was misdiagnosed as an inguinal hernia on several ED visits...
March 2011: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Jeanne R Poespoprodjo, Afdal Hasanuddin, Wendelina Fobia, Paulus Sugiarto, Enny Kenangalem, Daniel A Lampah, Emiliana Tjitra, Ric N Price, Nicholas M Anstey
Vertical transmission of Plasmodium falciparum is under-recognized and usually associated with asymptomatic low-level parasitemia at birth. We report symptomatic congenital malaria presenting as a neonatal sepsis syndrome. The presence at birth of a high asexual parasitemia, gametocytemia, and splenomegaly indicated in utero rather than intrapartum transmission. The neonate was successfully treated with intravenous artesunate followed by oral dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine, without apparent adverse effects.
April 2010: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Melissa Marzán-Rodríguez, Nelson Varas-Díaz
El Virus de Inmunodeficiencia Humana (VIH) y el Síndrome de Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida (SIDA) han sido motivo de estigmatización para las personas que viven con ellos. Esta estigmatización se ha estudiado consecuentemente desde la perspectiva de opiniones de agentes estigmatizantes. Estas opiniones han obviado sistemáticamente el rol de las emociones en el proceso de estigmatización. Llevamos a cabo este estudio con el propósito de identificar el rol de las emociones en el proceso de estigmatización de las personas que viven con el virus (PVVS) por parte de profesionales de la salud...
January 1, 2006: Forum, Qualitative Social Research
Jeanne R Poespoprodjo, Wendelina Fobia, Enny Kenangalem, Daniel A Lampah, Afdal Hasanuddin, Noah Warikar, Paulus Sugiarto, Emiliana Tjitra, Nick M Anstey, Ric N Price
BACKGROUND: In areas where malaria is endemic, infants aged <3 months appear to be relatively protected from symptomatic and severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria, but less is known about the effect of Plasmodium vivax infection in this age group. METHODS: To define malaria morbidity in the first year of life in an area where both multidrug-resistant P. falciparum and P. vivax are highly prevalent, data were gathered on all infants attending a referral hospital in Papua, Indonesia, using systematic data forms and hospital computerized records...
June 15, 2009: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Flávia de Lima Osório, José Alexandre S Crippa, Sonia Regina Loureiro
OBJECTIVE: The objective of the present study was to carry out the cross- cultural validation for Brazilian Portuguese of the Social Phobia Inventory, an instrument for the evaluation of fear, avoidance and physiological symptoms associated with social anxiety disorder. METHOD: The process of translation and adaptation involved four bilingual professionals, appreciation and approval of the back- translation by the authors of the original scale, a pilot study with 30 Brazilian university students, and appreciation by raters who confirmed the face validity of the Portuguese version, which was named ' Inventário de Fobia Social' ...
March 2009: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
Jeanne Rini Poespoprodjo, Wendy Fobia, Enny Kenangalem, Daniel A Lampah, Noah Warikar, Andrew Seal, Rose McGready, Paulus Sugiarto, Emiliana Tjitra, Nicholas M Anstey, Ric N Price
BACKGROUND: Plasmodium falciparum infection exerts a considerable burden on pregnant women, but less is known about the adverse consequences of Plasmodium vivax infection. METHODS: In Papua, Indonesia, where multiple drug resistance to both species has emerged, we conducted a cross-sectional hospital-based study to quantify the risks and consequences of maternal malaria. RESULTS: From April 2004 through December 2006, 3046 pregnant women were enrolled in the study...
May 1, 2008: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Luis-Joaquin Garcia-Lopez, Jose Olivares, Deborah Beidel, Anne-Marie Albano, Samuel Turner, Ana I Rosa
Few studies have reported long-term follow-up data in adults and even fewer in adolescents. The purpose of this work is to report on the longest follow-up assessment in the literature on treatments for adolescents with social phobia. A 5-year follow-up assessment was conducted with subjects who originally received either Cognitive Behavioral Group Therapy for Adolescents (CBGT-A), Social Effectiveness Therapy for Adolescents--Spanish version (SET-Asv), or Intervención en Adolescentes con Fobia Social--Treatment for Adolescents with Social Phobia (IAFS) in a controlled clinical trial...
2006: Journal of Anxiety Disorders
K Luotio, M A Mattila, R M Kotilainen
This paper describes three cases of early detection of hypoxia with pulse oximeter during intravenous sedation. In the main study group over 40 patients were monitored by pulse oximetry during large dental operation under iv-sedation. Diatsepam with soybean oily solvent and midatsolam were used as intravenous sedative agents in this study. The first signs of hypoxia were seen by pulse oximetry. In three healthy patients some periods of remarkable hypoxia was detected and those cases are reported in this paper...
1993: Oral Surgery, Oral Diagnosis: OSD
D Gygax, L Botta, M Ehrat, P Graf, G Lefèvre, P Oroszlan, C Pfister
For the evaluation and interpretation of pharmacokinetic data reliable quantitative determinations are a requirement that can only be met by well-characterized and fully validated analytical methods. To cope with these requirements a method is being established that is based on an integrated and automated fiber-optic biospecific interaction analysis system (FOBIA) for immunoassays. Performance characteristics of this system used in monitoring of recombinant hirudin (CGP 39 393) are presented. Recombinant hirudin is a highly potent and selective inhibitor of human thrombin...
August 1996: Therapeutic Drug Monitoring
H Towbin, J Motz, P Oroszlan, O Zingel
Immunoassays for haptens such as short peptides or drugs are usually based on the principle of competition for a limited number of binding sites on antibody molecules. Owing to the small size of these antigens it has been thought that two specific antibodies cannot simultaneously bind a hapten. However, antisera containing so called anti-metatypic antibodies have been reported (Voss et al. (1988) Mol. Immunol. 25, 751-759) that bind to hapten-mAb complexes in a reaction where conformational changes on the primary antibody are important...
April 26, 1995: Journal of Immunological Methods
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