keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

foetus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143500/-pulmonary-hypertension-and-pregnancy
#1
Eleni Diamanti, David Baud, John-David Aubert, Laurent P Nicod
Pregnancy in the context of pulmonary hypertension is characterised by high mortality for the mother and the foetus and is therefore strongly discouraged ; contraception has to be prescribed to patients in reproductive age. Women who decide to continue their pregnancy should be followed by multidisciplinary teams in specialised centres. A specific treatment should be defined with no delay. In case of clinical deterioration, the early, intravenous administration of prostacyclin should be considered. The ideal time and method of delivery are still disputed...
November 15, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138022/to-which-mixtures-are-french-pregnant-women-mainly-exposed-a-combination-of-the-second-french-total-diet-study-with-the-eden-and-elfe-cohort-studies
#2
T Traoré, A Forhan, V Sirot, M Kadawathagedara, B Heude, M Hulin, B de Lauzon-Guillain, J Botton, M A Charles, A Crépet
Pregnant women and their unborn child are exposed to a large number of substances during pregnancy. Some of these substances may cross the placenta, resulting in exposure of the foetus. There is growing evidence that certain substances could interact to produce a mixture effect. It is therefore essential to identify the main mixtures mothers are exposed to. This study aimed to identify the major mixtures French pregnant women included in EDEN and ELFE cohorts were exposed to, on the basis of the 441 substances analysed in the second French total diet study...
November 11, 2017: Food and Chemical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131537/health-information-needs-of-pregnant-women-information-sources-motives-and-barriers
#3
Sudabeh Kamali, Leila Ahmadian, Reza Khajouei, Kambiz Bahaadinbeigy
BACKGROUND: Pregnant women should be provided with relevant and useful information to manage this specific period of their lives. Assessing information needs of this group is a prerequisite for providing this information. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to assess the information needs of pregnant women during their pregnancy and childbirth. METHODS: This descriptive study was conducted on the pregnant women who attended antenatal clinics and obstetricians/gynaecologists' offices in Kerman, Iran, in 2015...
November 13, 2017: Health Information and Libraries Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29131281/immunohistochemical-study-on-roe-deer-haemal-nodes
#4
Yeşim Akaydın Bozkurt, Ebru Karadağ Sarı, Murat Kabak
The aim of this study was to investigate the immunohistochemical characteristics of the haemal nodes located in the abdominal and the thoracal cavity in roe deer (Capreolus capreolus). In this study, two adult male and two adult female roe deers in addition to two roe deer foetuses at the late fetal stages were used. The avidin-biotin-peroxidase technique was applied to anti-CD3, anti-CD79αcy, anti-macrophage, anti-S100 primary antibodies. Positive results were gained for all the antibodies used. Many CD3 positive T lymphocytes were seen in the lymphoid tissue areas of the fetal haemal nodes, in the germinal center of the lymph follicles of the adult haemal nodes and in their lymphatic cords...
November 13, 2017: Folia Morphologica (Warsz)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29130350/podocyturia-as-an-early-diagnostic-marker-of-preeclampsia-a-literature-review
#5
Karolina Panek-Laszczyńska, Andrzej Konieczny, Ewa Milewska, Krystyna Dąbrowska, Remigiusz Bąchor, Wojciech Witkiewicz, Zbigniew Szewczuk
CONTEXT: Preeclampsia (PE) is a pregnancy-related disease, and it is a leading cause of maternal and neonatal morbidity and mortality. It is characterized by the new onset of hypertension after 20 weeks of gestation together with signs of organ damage, most commonly the kidneys. The treatment of PE is symptomatic and final intervention requires delivery, regardless of the gestational age of the foetus. Furthermore, PE is a risk factor for developing cardiovascular disease and chronic kidney disease - even many years after the delivery...
November 13, 2017: Biomarkers: Biochemical Indicators of Exposure, Response, and Susceptibility to Chemicals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126749/corrigendum-to-efficacy-of-e2-glycoprotein-fused-to-porcine-cd154-as-a-novel-chimeric-subunit-vaccine-to-prevent-classical-swine-fever-virus-vertical-transmission-in-pregnant-sows
#6
Sara Muñoz-González, Yusmel Sordo, Marta Pérez-Simó, Marisela Suarez, Albert Canturri, Maria Pilar Rodriguez, María Teresa Frías-Lepoureau, Mariano Domingo, Mario Pablo Estrada, Llilianne Ganges
Here we evaluated the effect of double vaccination with a novel subunit marker vaccine candidate based in the CSFV E2 glycoprotein fused to the porcine CD154 to prevent CSFV vertical transmission. A lentivirus-based gene delivery system was used to obtain a stable recombinant HEK 293 cell line for the expression of E2 fused to porcine CD154 molecule. Six pregnant sows were distributed in two groups and at 64days of gestation animals numbered 1-4 (group 1) were vaccinated via intramuscular inoculation with 50μg of E2-CD154 subunit vaccine...
November 7, 2017: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123569/diagnostic-dilemma-severe-thrombotic-microangiopathy-in-pregnancy
#7
Sarah Birkhoelzer, Alexandra Belcher, Helen Peet
A diagnostic dilemma occurred when thrombotic microangiopathy developed during pregnancy. The diagnostic criteria of thrombotic microangiopathy include thrombocytopenia (platelets <100) and microangiopathic haemolytic anaemia (including thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura and haemolytic-uraemic syndrome). An urgent interdisciplinary approach is required to treat thrombotic microangiopathy in pregnancy to differentiate between thrombotic microangiopathy and HELLP syndrome (haemolysis, elevated liver enzymes, low platelets)...
November 2017: J Intensive Care Soc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29122228/-depressive-symptoms-and-psychosocial-risk-factors-in-high-complexity-obstetric-patients-admitted-to-a-critical-care-obstetric-unit-in-cali-colombia
#8
Ana María Guerra, Diana María Dávalos Pérez, Alejandro Castillo Martínez
Depression is the main cause of years lossed due to disability in the world, and it affects 50% more women 50% than men. Perinatal depression has been linked with more anxiety, a chronic course, and disability than depression in other life stages. In spite of its high prevalence and serious health effects on both mother and foetus, it is frequently under-diagnosed. This study was performed on all high risk obstetric patients admitted to a critical care obstetric unit in Cali, Colombia, from January to June, 2014...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121350/individualized-fsh-dosing-based-on-ovarian-reserve-testing-in-women-starting-ivf-icsi-a-multicentre-trial-and-cost-effectiveness-analysis
#9
Theodora C van Tilborg, Simone C Oudshoorn, Marinus J C Eijkemans, Monique H Mochtar, Ron J T van Golde, Annemieke Hoek, Walter K H Kuchenbecker, Kathrin Fleischer, Jan Peter de Bruin, Henk Groen, Madelon van Wely, Cornelis B Lambalk, Joop S E Laven, Ben Willem J Mol, Frank J M Broekmans, Helen L Torrance
STUDY QUESTION: Is there a difference in live birth rate and/or cost-effectiveness between antral follicle count (AFC)-based individualized FSH dosing or standard FSH dosing in women starting IVF or ICSI treatment? SUMMARY ANSWER: In women initiating IVF/ICSI, AFC-based individualized FSH dosing does not improve live birth rates or reduce costs as compared to a standard FSH dose. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: In IVF or ICSI, ovarian reserve testing is often used to adjust the FSH dose in order to normalize ovarian response and optimize live birth rates...
November 7, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105873/morphometric-study-of-the-porcine-placental-vascularization
#10
A Cristofolini, M Fiorimanti, M Campos, E Sanchis, T Diaz, E Moschetti, C Merkis
The early development in mammals is characterized by the contribution of nutrients from the maternal tissues through the placenta, which is in apposition with foetal membranes and the endometrium, allowing the physiological interchange between the embryos/foetuses and the mother. The aim of this work was to study the number of placental blood vessels and their vascular area through morphometric analyses and the haemotrophic diffusion distance in porcine placental tissues from early gestations, intermediates gestations, advanced gestations and term gestations...
November 6, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29100537/extra-uterine-abdominal-full-term-foetus-in-a-15-day-pregnant-rabbit
#11
Francisco Marco-Jiménez, Ximo García-Domínguez, Jesús Valdes-Hernández, José Salvador Vicente
BACKGROUND: While ectopic pregnancies account for 1-2% of all pregnancies, abdominal pregnancy is extremely rare, accounting for approximately 1% of ectopic pregnancies. Extrauterine abdominal pregnancy is defined as the implantation and development of an embryo in the peritoneal cavity. The present report is the first of an incidental case of abdominal pregnancy within four full-term foetus simultaneously with 2 weeks of physiological gestation in a healthy doe rabbit. CASE PRESENTATION: The doe was born on November 3, 2014 and the first partum took place on May 18, 2015...
November 3, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097635/the-impact-of-zika-virus-infection-on-human-neuroblastoma-sh-sy5y-cell-line
#12
Natthanej Luplertlop, San Suwanmanee, Watcharamat Muangkaew, Sumate Ampawong, Thitinan Kitisin, Yong Poovorawan
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: An increase in Zika virus (ZIKV) epidemic during the last decade has become a major global concern as the virus affects both newborns and adult humans. Earlier studies have shown the impact of ZIKV infection in developing human foetus. However, effective in vitro model of target cells for studying the ZIKV infection in adult human neurons is not available. This study aimed to establish the use of human neuroblastoma cell line (SH-SY5Y) for studying an infection of ZIKV in vitro...
July 2017: Journal of Vector Borne Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29083107/increased-mir-223-expression-in-foetal-organs-is-a-signature-of-acute-chorioamnionitis-with-systemic-consequences
#13
JoonHo Lee, Chong Jai Kim, Jung-Sun Kim, Deug-Chan Lee, Sejin Ahn, Bo Hyun Yoon
Acute chorioamnionitis, frequently observed in preterm placentas, is a major risk factor for the development of infection and non-infection-related adverse perinatal outcomes. MicroRNAs play important roles in immune cell development and function as well as in the development of cancers and neurologic diseases. We sought to investigate the changes in microRNA-223 (miR-223) expression and the functional significance of the changes in miR-223 expression in foetal organs in the presence of acute chorioamnionitis...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076705/analysis-of-high-caesarean-section-rates-the-second-step-after-audits-using-the-ten-group-classification-system
#14
Malik Goonewardene, M Peiris, S Kariyawasam, S Mallawaaratchi, D Kadawathage, L Sanjeewa, P Widanapathirana, I Sandeepani
Objective: To identify possible methods of reducing high caesarean section rates in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: Analysis of birth weight of neonates, maternal age and indications for caesarean section in the groups identified by a modification of Robson’s 10 Group Classification of caesarean section (TGCS), which contribute significantly to the high caesarean section rates in the University Obstetric Unit, Teaching Hospital Mahamodara, Galle Sri Lanka during 2010 - to 2014...
September 30, 2017: Ceylon Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076565/detection-of-apaf1-mutation-in-holstein-cows-and-mummified-foetuses-in-japanese-dairy-herds
#15
M E Ghanem, M Nishibori, N Isobe, K Hisaeda
Some of the highest genetic merit sires have been shown to harbour recessive mutations affecting fertility, which may spread rapidly in the population through AI. These disorders may result in abortion and decline in pregnancy per insemination in cows. This study was carried out on 240 Holstein-Friesian cows and 15 mummified foetuses. Blood and tissue samples were collected from the cows and mummified foetuses, respectively, for DNA extraction. Allele-specific PCR was designed for the detection of the cows and foetuses carrying the nonsense mutation (C/T) in apoptosis peptide activating factor 1 gene (APAF1)...
October 27, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29073515/high-risk-of-misinterpreting-hair-analysis-results-for-children-tested-for-methadone
#16
Pascal Kintz, Audrey Farrugia, Alice Ameline, Aude Eibel, Jean-Sébastien Raul
The major problem after testing the hair of a child for drugs is the interpretation of the findings. In 2016, the laboratory received several hair specimens with the request to verify if there was any evidence of previous methadone exposure by the donor of the sample. Case 1 was a child admitted to the Emergency Unit for intense sedation and breathing difficulties. Cases 2-4 involved children found dead at home. In all cases, methadone and EDDP, its metabolite, were found in blood. After decontamination, the hair was analysed with LC-MS/MS for methadone and EDDP...
October 18, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29070512/debate-identifying-and-treating-subclinical-thyroid-dysfunction-in-pregnancy-emerging-controversies
#17
Ines I Velasco, Peter Nicholas Taylor
Thyroid hormones are essential for an adequate growth and development of the foetus. In addition to the classical association between maternal hypothyroidism and neurological impairment in the progeny, other adverse reproductive events have been associated with maternal thyroid dysfunction including infertility, miscarriage and preterm delivery. Although all scientific societies endorse the treatment of overt hypothyroidism; the management and/or treatment of subclinical hypothyroidism, hypothyroxinemia or antithyroid antibody-positive women should be considered with caution...
October 25, 2017: European Journal of Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062181/micronutrients-drift-during-daily-and-weekly-iron-supplementation-in-non-anaemic-and-anaemic-pregnancy
#18
Hari Shankar, Neeta Kumar, Rajat Sandhir, Suneeta Mittal, Tulsi Adhikari, Arun Kumar, D N Rao
AIMS: Pregnancy is a phenomenon associated with dynamic changes in physical, mental and biochemical status of body and demands increased nutritional intake for developing foetus. The level of various micronutrients which act as co-factors for antioxidant enzymes or it-self as antioxidants gets altered with the progression of pregnancy. The present longitudinal study summarized the trend of selected micronutrients level in anaemic (AP) and non-anaemic primigravida (NAP) supplemented with daily and weekly oral iron folic acid (IFA) tablet during pregnancy and postpartum...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry: IJCB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055723/proteomics-and-metabolomics-characterizing-the-pathophysiology-of-adaptive-reactions-to-the-metabolic-challenges-during-the-transition-from-late-pregnancy-to-early-lactation-in-dairy-cows
#19
Fabrizio Ceciliani, Cristina Lecchi, Christiane Urh, Helga Sauerwein
The transition from late pregnancy to early lactation is a critical period in a dairy cow's life due to the rapidly increasing drain of nutrients from the maternal organism towards the foetus and into colostrum and milk. In order to cope with the challenges of parturition and lactation, comprehensive adaptive reactions comprising the endocrine and the immune system need to be accomplished. There is high variation in this coping ability and both metabolic and infectious diseases, summarized as "production diseases", such as hypocalcaemia (milk fever), fatty liver syndrome, laminitis and ketosis, may occur and impact welfare, productive lifespan and economic outcomes...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Proteomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052521/high-seroprevalance-of-neospora-caninum-in-dogs-in-victoria-australia-compared-to-20%C3%A2-years-ago
#20
Sarah Sloan, Jan Šlapeta, Abdul Jabbar, Jaimie Hunnam, Bert De Groef, Grant Rawlin, Christina McCowan
BACKGROUND: Canids are definitive hosts of the apicomplexan parasite Neospora caninum, the leading cause of abortion in cattle worldwide. For horizontal transmission from canids to occur, oocysts of N. caninum must be shed by the definitive host into the environment of susceptible intermediate hosts such as cattle. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of N. caninum in canids in Victoria, Australia's leading dairy producing state. RESULTS: Neospora-like oocysts were observed in 8% (18/234) of faecal samples from wild dogs, domestic dogs and red foxes from Victoria, Australia...
October 19, 2017: Parasites & Vectors
keyword
keyword
99323
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"