keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

foetus

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332242/bilateral-oblique-facial-clefts-rudimentary-eyes-and-hydrocephalus-in-an-aborted-equine-foetus
#1
J S Agerholm, H G Pedersen, F J McEvoy, S Heegaard
Knowledge of congenital malformations and their causes in horses is generally sparse. Such conditions require more scientific attention to improve their diagnostics and inform prevention strategies. Here, a unique syndrome of bilateral oblique facial clefts (meloschisis), rudimentary eyes and hydrocephalus is reported in an equine foetus spontaneously aborted at gestation day 224. The cause of abortion was considered to be intrauterine death caused by umbilical cord torsions and subsequent compromised blood flow, but the aetiology of the malformation could not be determined...
March 22, 2017: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326758/genetic-determinants-of-low-birth-weight
#2
Theresa Mallia, Alexia Grech, Abigail Hili, Jean Calleja Agius, Nikolai P Pace
Birth weight depends on the elaborate interaction between maternal and foetal genotypes, placental function, maternal nutrition and lifestyle and their effect on epigenetic regulators ofgene activity. The maternal environment in which the foetus develops is a critical factor indetermining birth weight. This review provides an overview of the effect of several geneticvariants leading to intrauterine growth restriction and low birth weight. Irrespective of theexact cause of genetic variations of foetal genes, intrauterine growth restriction is most likelydue to alteration in the growth hormone and insulin like growth factor axis with distinctchanges in the growth factors and their interaction with corresponding receptors...
March 21, 2017: Minerva Ginecologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325125/pregnancy-complicated-by-foetal-abdominal-mass-fetiform-teratoma-versus-foetus-in-fetu
#3
Laura K Newcomb, Eleanor H J Rhee, Sarah M Bean, Jina Kim, Elisabeth T Tracy, Jeffrey A Kuller
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325085/risk-of-recurrence-of-small-for-gestational-age-foetus-after-first-pregnancy
#4
Sebastián Manzanares, M Teresa Maroto-Martín, Mariña Naveiro, Mar Sánchez-Gila, Setefilla López-Criado, Alberto Puertas
The aim of this study was to assess the incidence of and to analyse factors related to the recurrence of small-for-gestational-age (SGA) neonates in the second pregnancy. A prospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary university hospital in Granada, Spain. A total of 7896 women who delivered their first and second singleton pregnancies at the hospital from 2003-2013 were included and evaluated all birth weights. Women whose first pregnancy was complicated by a SGA birth had a fivefold increased risk of recurrence (23...
March 21, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319675/aplasia-cutis-congenita-with-foetus-papyraceus-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#5
Cansu Uzuner, Sean Kin Ming Seeho, Christopher John Smith
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 20, 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology: the Journal of the Institute of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28316944/human-amnion-membrane-potential-applications-in-oral-and-periodontal-field
#6
REVIEW
Ranjana Mohan, Aashima Bajaj, Mohan Gundappa
Human amniotic membrane (HAM) is derived from the fetal membranes which consist of the inner amniotic membrane made of single layer of amnion cells fixed to collagen-rich mesenchyme attached to chorion. HAM has low immunogenicity, anti-inflammatory properties and their cells can be isolated without the sacrifice of human embryos. Amniotic membrane has biological properties which are important for the experimental and clinical applications in managing patients of various medical specialties. Abundant, natural and wonderful biomembrane not only protects the foetus but also has various clinical applications in the field of dermatology, ophthalmology, ENT surgery, orthopedics and dental surgery...
January 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300194/amniotic-fluid-metabolomics-and-biochemistry-analysis-provides-novel-insights-into-the-diet-regulated-foetal-growth-in-a-pig-model
#7
Jin Wan, Fei Jiang, Jiao Zhang, Qingsong Xu, Daiwen Chen, Bing Yu, Xiangbing Mao, Jie Yu, Yuheng Luo, Jun He
Foetal loss and intrauterine growth restriction are major problems in mammals, but there are few effective ways in preventing it. Intriguingly, chitosan oligosaccharide (COS), a biomaterial derived from chitosan, can promote foetal survival and growth. Therefore, we have investigated how COS affects foetal survival and growth in a pig model. Fifty-two sows were divided into two treatment groups (n = 26) and fed either solely a control diet or a control diet that includes 100 mg/kg COS. Amniotic fluid and foetus samples from six sows that were of average body weight in each group were collected on gestation day 35...
March 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297180/human-variation-in-pelvic-shape-and-the-effects-of-climate-and-past-population-history
#8
Lia Betti
The human pelvis is often described as an evolutionary compromise (obstetrical dilemma) between the requirements of efficient bipedal locomotion and safe parturition of a highly encephalized neonate, that has led to a tight fit between the birth canal and the head and body of the foetus. Strong evolutionary constraints on the shape of the pelvis can be expected under this scenario. On the other hand, several studies have found a significant level of pelvic variation within and between human populations, a fact that seems to contradict such expectations...
April 2017: Anatomical Record: Advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28282529/evidence-of-socio-economic-stress-and-female-foeticide-in-racial-disparities-in-the-gender-ratio-at-birth-in-the-united-states-1995-2014
#9
Victor Grech
BACKGROUND: Males are born in excess of females, expressed as M/T (male/total births), which is expected to approximate 0.515. Racial M/T disparities have been long known. This study was carried out in order to identify such disparities in different races in the United States. DESIGN: Monthly male and female live births by race for the entire US were obtained from the website of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention for 1995-2014 for the four racial groups: American Indian or Alaska Native, Asian or Pacific Islander, Black or African American and White...
March 1, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279947/abortion-rights-judgment-a-ray-of-hope
#10
Veena Johari, Uma Jadhav
While granting a prisoner the right to abort her foetus, a recent Bombay High Court judgment recognised a woman's absolute right to abortion. This article discusses the judgment in detail and the bioethical debates over abortion rights. It deals with the restrictions imposed by the law not only on when the foetus can be aborted, but also who can get the abortion done and in what circumstances.
February 28, 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272531/non-invasive-prenatal-diagnosis-of-beta-thalassemia-by-semiconductor-sequencing-a-feasibility-study-in-the-sardinian-population
#11
Luisella Saba, Maddalena Masala, Valentina Capponi, Giuseppe Marceddu, Matteo Massidda, Maria Cristina Rosatelli
β-Thalassemia is the most common autosomal recessive single-gene disorder in Sardinia, where approximately 10.3% of the population is a carrier. Prenatal diagnosis is carried out at 12 weeks of gestation via villocentesis and is commonly aimed at ascertaining the presence or absence of the HBB variant c.118C>T, which is the most common in Sardinia. In this study, we describe for the first time the application of semiconductor sequencing to the non-invasive prenatal diagnosis of β-thalassemia in 37 couples at risk for this variant...
March 8, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263524/foetal-asphyxia-as-a-strong-stimulator-of-the-sympathetic-nervous-system-in-the-brain-case-report
#12
Ingrid Brucknerová, Eduard Ujházy
The aim of the study was to analyse case report of prenatally unknown asphyxia of the foetus (a preterm newborn from the second pregnancy delivered by urgent caesarean section in 31st gestational week; birth weight 850 grams, birth length 41 cm, value of Apgar score 7/8) with signs of respiratory insufficiency immediately after birth with hypotonicity. The authors present the case of postnatal at the 1st day of life assessed cystic malformation in the brain of premature newborn. They emphasize the importance of detailed prenatal investigation as most important in preventing prenatal asphyxia and consequent complications...
December 18, 2016: Neuro Endocrinology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28262243/pitfalls-in-the-diagnostic-management-of-pulmonary-embolism-in-pregnancy
#13
Cécile Tromeur, Liselotte M van der Pol, Frederikus A Klok, Francis Couturaud, Menno V Huisman
Women are at increased risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) during pregnancy and VTE remains one of the main causes of maternal mortality in developed countries (Konstantinides SV, et al. Eur Heart J 2014; 35(43):3033-69, 69a-69k). Although an accurate diagnosis of acute pulmonary embolism (PE) in pregnant patients is thus of crucial importance, the diagnostic management of suspected PE is challenging for this specific patient category. As D-dimer levels increase physiologically throughout pregnancy, the optimal D-dimer threshold to rule out PE during pregnancy remains unknown...
March 2017: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258854/-analysis-of-prenatal-follow-up-strategies-for-trisomy-21-affected-pregnancies-in-france
#14
J-M Dupont, B Simon-Bouy, A Zebina, F Pessione, D Royère, M Doco-Fenzy
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to screen the prenatal follow-up of women with live birth trisomy 21 child in order to evaluate the proportion of prenatal screening failure versus cases where the women refused either the screening or the prenatal diagnosis of Down syndrome. This study covers the period of time from 2009 to 2012 when the national prenatal screening policy changed from second to first trimester and allows for a comparative assessment of the nationwide efficiency of the various maternal serum marker based strategies...
February 28, 2017: Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28256282/simplicimonas-like-dna-in-vaginal-swabs-of-cows-and-heifers-cross-reacting-in-the-real-time-pcr-for-t-foetus
#15
Caroline F Frey, Norbert Müller, Norbert Stäuber, Nelson Marreros, Larissa Hofmann, Brigitte Hentrich, Gaby Hirsbrunner
Cows on an alpine pasture were presented with severe signs of vaginitis. To rule out infection with Tritrichomonas foetus, vaginal swabs were taken and real-time PCR based on detection via fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) probes and targeting the first internal transcribed spacer (ITS-1) of nuclear ribosomal DNA (rDNA) was performed. PCR was positive in 25 of totally 34 assessed cows. However, the melting profiles of the probes targeting the diagnostic PCR products differed from the T. foetus positive control...
February 24, 2017: Veterinary Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252463/colorectal-cancer-diagnosed-during-pregnancy-systematic-review-and-treatment-pathways
#16
Gianluca Pellino, Constantinos Simillis, Christos Kontovounisios, Daniel L Baird, Stella Nikolaou, Oliver Warren, Paris P Tekkis, Shahnawaz Rasheed
The aim of this study was to identify the mode of presentation and incidence of colorectal cancer in pregnancy (CRC-p), assess the outcomes of the mother and foetus according to gestational age, treatment delivered and cancer features and location. A systematic review of the literature was carried out to identify studies reporting on CRC-p and pooled analysis of the reported data. Seventy-nine papers reporting on 119 patients with unequivocal CRC-p were included. The calculated pooled risk is 0.002% and age at diagnosis has decreased over time...
March 1, 2017: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245739/the-conundrum-of-feline-trichomonosis
#17
Jody L Gookin, Katherine Hanrahan, Michael G Levy
Practical relevance: Trichomonosis of the large intestine of the cat was described as a cause of chronic diarrhea over 20 years ago. The trichomonad was identified as Tritrichomonas foetus, with a genotype that is distinct from venereal T foetus of cattle. Clinical challenges: Despite multiple means for diagnosis of the infection, including light microscopy, protozoal culture and PCR amplification using species-specific primers, tests with even greater sensitivity are needed. Feline trichomonosis is resistant to all commonly used antiprotozoal drugs...
March 2017: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28240397/oxidative-stress-placental-ageing-related-pathologies-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes
#18
REVIEW
Zakia Sultana, Kaushik Maiti, John Aitken, Jonathan Morris, Lee Dedman, Roger Smith
Oxidative stress (OS), an imbalance between free radical generation and antioxidant defence, is recognized as a key factor in the pathogenesis of adverse pregnancy outcomes. Although OS is a common future of normal pregnancy, persistent, overwhelming OS leads to consumption and decline of antioxidants, affecting placental antioxidant capacity and reducing systems. The accumulation of OS causes damage to lipids, proteins and DNA in the placental tissue that induces a form of accelerated ageing. Premature ageing of the placenta is associated with placental insufficiency that prevents the organ meeting the needs of the foetus, and as a consequence, the viability of the foetus is compromised...
February 27, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238893/dna-analysis-of-cattle-parasitic-protozoan-tritrichomonas-foetus-after-photodynamic-therapy
#19
A Margraf-Ferreira, I C S Carvalho, S M Machado, C Pacheco-Soares, C W Galvão, R M Etto, N S da Silva
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a modality of therapy that involves the activation of photosensitive substances and the generation of cytotoxic oxygen species and free radicals to promote the selective destruction of target tissues. This study analyzed the application of PDT to Tritrichomonas foetus, a scourged and etiological agent of bovine trichomoniasis, a sexually transmitted infectious disease. As it is an amitochondrial and aerotolerant protozoan, it produces energy under low O2 tension via hydrogenosome...
February 23, 2017: Photodiagnosis and Photodynamic Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28238320/-oxytocin-administration-during-spontaneous-labour-guidelines-for-clinical-practice-guidelines-short-text
#20
C Dupont, M Carayol, C Le Ray, C Barasinski, R Beranger, A Burguet, A Chantry, C Chiesa, B Coulm, A Evrard, C Fischer, L Gaucher, C Guillou, F Leroy, E Phan, A Rousseau, V Tessier, F Vendittelli, C Deneux-Tharaux, D Riethmuller
OBJECTIVES: To define the different stages of spontaneous labour. To determine the indications, modalities of use and the effects of administering synthetic oxytocin. And to describe undesirable maternal and perinatal outcomes associated with the use of synthetic oxytocin. METHOD: A systematic review was carried out by searching Medline database and websites of obstetrics learned societies until March 2016. RESULTS: The 1st stage of labor is divided in a latence phase and an active phase, which switch at 5cm of cervical dilatation...
January 2017: Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol
keyword
keyword
99323
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"