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Émilie Berthoux, Claire Dufour, Emmanuel Raharisondraibe, Marc Bonnefoy
UNLABELLED: The study was performed on 313 patients hospitalized in an acute geriatric unit during a six-month period and aimed at determine the prevalence of adverse drug events (ADE) and the preventability of them. METHODS: ADE were determined by the medical information unit. Preventability was determined by inadequacy with standards of care, medication-related factors (non respect of contra-indication) and explicit lists of harmful medication in the elderly. RESULTS: prevalence of ADE was 12...
March 2013: Gériatrie et Psychologie Neuropsychiatrie du Vieillissement
Wei-Zhong Yang, Hui-Xian Xing, Han-Zhang Wang, Ya-Jia Lan, Qiao Sun, Shi-Xiong Hu, Wei Lü, Zheng-An Yuan, Yu-Xu Chen, Bai-Qing Dong
OBJECTIVE: To provide methods and alert thresholds which are scientific, sensitive, specific and practical for Early Warning System in Public Health Surveillance. METHODS: Alert data was based on historical infectious diseases reports. Control chart was used to detect outbreaks or epidemics. An epidemic was defined by consulting Specialists. After calculating sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and describing receiver-operating characteristic curve (ROC), the optimal model and thresholds were chosen...
December 2004: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
P Cornaert, P Masson, G Forzy, P Graux, J Camblin, A Dutoit, L Croccel
The authors report two new cases of endocarditis secondary to exceptionnally encountered germs: one to Pasteurella pneumotropica, the other ascribed to Leptospira ictero-haemorragiae, on serologic criteria. Concerning these two cases, they propose to take a census of rare germs, from a detailed study of the literature. Among more than 5,000 cases of endocarditis published after 1944, are considered as rare germs those causing a disease in less than one p. cent of the cases. This purely "mathematical" definition enable to include 45 germs...
February 1987: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
G Aimard, P Trouillas
Acute headaches are in most cases significant symptoms or premonitary signs of a neurological condition. From a semiological point of view, they may be: (i) isolated, (ii) associated with neurological symptoms (ophtalmoplegia, hemiplegia, hemianesthesia...). From an etiological point of view, the haemorragic conditions are predominant (30%): encephalic vascular malformation with or without subarachnoidal haemorragia (21%), subarachnoidal haemorragia without malformation (6%) and subdural haematoma (3%). Two types of conditions are also frequently observed: ischemic attacks (22,3%) and inflammatory meningeal syndromes (12%)...
October 18, 1978: La Semaine des Hôpitaux: Organe Fondé Par L'Association D'enseignement Médical des Hôpitaux de Paris
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