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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458219/clinical-endocrine-and-imaging-characteristics-of-patients-with-primary-hypophysitis
#1
Anna Angelousi, Carolina Cohen, Soledad Sosa, Karina Danilowicz, Lina Papanastasiou, Marina Tsoli, Aparna Pal, Georgios Piaditis, Ashley Grossman, Gregory Kaltsas
Primary hypophysitis (PH) is a rare disease with a poorly-defined natural history. Our aim was to characterise patients with PH at presentation and during prolonged follow-up. Observational retrospective study of 22 patients was conducted from 3 centres. In 14 patients, PH was confirmed histologically and in the remaining 8 clinically, after excluding secondary causes of hypophysitis. All patients had hormonal and imaging investigations before any treatment. Median follow up was 48 months (25-75%: 3-60). There was a female predominance with a female/male ratio: 3...
February 19, 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457627/combination-pharmacotherapy-for-the-treatment-of-fibromyalgia-in-adults
#2
REVIEW
Joelle Thorpe, Bonnie Shum, R Andrew Moore, Philip J Wiffen, Ian Gilron
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a chronic widespread pain condition affecting millions of people worldwide. Current pharmacotherapies are often ineffective and poorly tolerated. Combining different agents could provide superior pain relief and possibly also fewer side effects. OBJECTIVES: To assess the efficacy, safety, and tolerability of combination pharmacotherapy compared to monotherapy or placebo, or both, for the treatment of fibromyalgia pain in adults. SEARCH METHODS: We searched CENTRAL, MEDLINE, and Embase to September 2017...
February 19, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456086/low-dose-propofol-for-pediatric-migraine-a-prospective-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
David C Sheridan, Matthew L Hansen, Amber L Lin, Rongwei Fu, Garth D Meckler
BACKGROUND: Migraine headaches are a common reason for pediatric emergency department (ED) visits. Small studies suggest the potential efficacy of sub-anesthetic doses of propofol for migraine with a favorable side effect profile and potentially decreased length of stay (LOS). OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to compare the efficacy of low-dose propofol (LDP) to standard therapy (ST) in pediatric migraine treatment. METHODS: We conducted a prospective, pragmatic randomized controlled trial from April 2014 through June 2016 in the ED at two pediatric hospitals...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446439/vision-screening-for-correctable-visual-acuity-deficits-in-school-age-children-and-adolescents
#4
REVIEW
Jennifer R Evans, Priya Morjaria, Christine Powell
BACKGROUND: Although the benefits of vision screening seem intuitive, the value of such programmes in junior and senior schools has been questioned. In addition there exists a lack of clarity regarding the optimum age for screening and frequency at which to carry out screening. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of vision screening programmes carried out in schools to reduce the prevalence of correctable visual acuity deficits due to refractive error in school-age children...
February 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446070/a-hospital-based-retrospective-study-of-acute-postpartum-headache
#5
Angeliki Vgontzas, Matthew S Robbins
OBJECTIVE: To describe acute headache diagnoses in women presenting emergently in the postpartum period and to determine which factors may be associated with secondary vs primary headache. BACKGROUND: Hormonal, vascular, and procedural factors elevate the risk for both secondary and primary headache disorders in the postpartum period. Differentiating between these can be a diagnostic challenge, particularly among the most severe patients referred for urgent neurological consultation...
February 15, 2018: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429479/-chronic-post-dural-headache-secondary-to-meningitis
#6
Andreas Ravn, Louise Feldborg Lyckhage, Rigmor Høland Jensen
In this case report a young man was admitted with fever and headache, and a lumbar puncture revealed viral meningitis. After discharge, the patient experienced persistent headache, which worsened, when he was in upright position. The condition was considered secondary to the meningitis. After 14 months, the patient was diagnosed with post-dural puncture headache and treated with an epidural blood patch (EBP). The patient experienced no headache for three months, whereafter it returned. Subsequent EBP's were unsuccessful...
February 5, 2018: Ugeskrift for Laeger
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29425537/-superior-vena-cava-thrombosis-or-stricture-secondary-to-implanted-central-venous-access-six-cases-of-endovascular-and-direct-surgical-treatment-in-cancer-patients
#7
J M Fichelle, V Baissas, S Salvi, J N Fabiani
Superior vena cava (SVC) stenosis or thrombosis is a well-known complication of central venous catheterization for endocavitary treatments, hemodialysis, or chemotherapy. In cancer patients, these SVC lesions are often symptomatic due to intimal damage and chemotherapy toxicity. We report our experience with six patients treated between 2007 and 2012 via an endovascular approach (n=5) or a direct surgical approach (n=1). All patients had SVC syndrome with facial edema, headache and upper limb edema. In three cases, the catheter was in place when the clinical symptoms occurred...
February 2018: Journal de Médecine Vasculaire
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423783/peyronie-s-disease-and-dupuytren-s-contracture-secondary-to-topical-timolol
#8
Huw Oliphant, Pieter Gouws
INTRODUCTION: Topical beta-blockers are a proven and safe medication used in the treatment of glaucoma and ocular hypertension. Local and systemic side effects are, however, well documented. Systemic side effects can include severe cardio-respiratory impairment, endocrine dysfunction, as well as headache and hyper-somnolence. Disorders involving fibrosis such as Peyronie's disease, Dupuytren's contracture, and retroperitoneal fibrosis are rarely described in the literature. CASE REPORT: We describe a case of a 55-year-old male patient undergoing treatment for ocular hypertension with topical timolol 0...
February 8, 2018: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420713/symptoms-in-primary-care-with-time-to-diagnosis-of-brain-tumours
#9
Mio Ozawa, Paul M Brennan, Karolis Zienius, Kathreena M Kurian, William Hollingworth, David Weller, Willie Hamilton, Robin Grant, Yoav Ben-Shlomo
Background: Brain tumours often present with varied, non-specific features with other diagnoses usually being more likely. Objective: To examine how different symptoms and patient demographics predict variations in time to brain tumour diagnosis. Methods: We conducted a secondary analysis of brain tumour cases from National Audit of Cancer Diagnosis in Primary Care. We grouped neurological symptoms into six domains (headache, behavioural/cognitive change, focal neurology, 'fits, faints or falls', non-specific neurological, and other/non-specific) and calculated times for patient presentation, GP referral, specialist consultation and total pathway interval...
February 6, 2018: Family Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29415258/a-long-term-open-label-study-to-evaluate-the-safety-and-tolerability-of-brexpiprazole-as-maintenance-treatment-in-adults-with-schizophrenia
#10
Andy Forbes, Mary Hobart, John Ouyang, Lily Shi, Stephanie Pfister, Mika Hakala
Background: Brexpiprazole is a serotonin-dopamine activity modulator with efficacy in acute schizophrenia and relapse prevention. The aim of this Phase 3, multicenter study was to assess the long-term safety, tolerability, and efficacy of treatment with brexpiprazole flexible-dose 1-4 mg/day. Methods: Patients rolled over into this 52-week open-label study (amended to 26 weeks towards the end) from three randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled Phase 3 studies...
February 3, 2018: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408771/headache-in-mitochondrial-disorders
#11
REVIEW
Josef Finsterer, Sinda Zarrouk-Mahjoub
Headache is a prominent feature in mitochondrial disorders (MIDs) but no comprehensive overview is currently available. This review aims at summarising and discussing findings concerning type, frequency, pathogenesis, and treatment of headache in MIDs. The most frequent headache types in MIDs are migraine and migraine-like headache (MLH). MLH is classified as secondary headache. More rarely, tension-type headache, trigemino-autonomic headache, or different secondary headaches can be found. Migraine or MLH may manifest with or without aura...
January 26, 2018: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29406202/diagnosis-and-management-of-headache-in-older-adults
#12
REVIEW
Amaal J Starling
Headache is a common, disabling neurologic problem in all age groups, including older adults. In older adults, headache is most likely a primary disorder, such as tension-type headache or migraine; however, there is a higher risk of secondary causes, such as giant cell arteritis or intracranial lesions, than in younger adults. Thus, based on the headache history, clinical examination, and presence of headache red flags, a focused diagnostic evaluation is recommended, ranging from blood tests to neuroimaging, depending on the headache characteristics...
February 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29404713/long-term-study-of-the-efficacy-and-safety-of-onabotulinumtoxina-for-the-prevention-of-chronic-migraine-compel-study
#13
Andrew M Blumenfeld, Richard J Stark, Marshall C Freeman, Amelia Orejudos, Aubrey Manack Adams
BACKGROUND: OnabotulinumtoxinA is approved for the prevention of headache in those with chronic migraine (CM); however, more clinical data on the risk-benefit profile for treatment beyond one year is desirable. METHODS: The Chronic Migraine OnabotulinuMtoxinA Prolonged Efficacy open Label (COMPEL) Study ( ClinicalTrials.gov , NCT01516892) is an international, multicenter, open-label long-term prospective study. Adults with CM received 155 U of onabotulinumtoxinA (31 sites in a fixed-site, fixed-dose paradigm across 7 head/neck muscles) every 12 weeks (±7 days) for 9 treatment cycles (108 weeks)...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29399049/brivaracetam-a-novel-antiepileptic-drug-for-focal-onset-seizures
#14
REVIEW
Linda J Stephen, Martin J Brodie
Brivaracetam (BRV), the n -propyl analogue of levetiracetam (LEV), is the latest antiepileptic drug (AED) to be licensed in Europe and the USA for the adjunctive treatment of focal-onset seizures with or without secondary generalization in patients aged 16 years or older. Like LEV, BRV binds to synaptic vesicle protein 2A (SV2A), but BRV has more selective binding and a 15- to 30-fold higher binding affinity than LEV. BRV is more effective than LEV in slowing synaptic vesicle mobilization and the two AEDs may act at different binding sites or interact with different conformational states of the SV2A protein...
2018: Therapeutic Advances in Neurological Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395690/benign-headache-management-in-the-emergency-department
#15
Brit J Long, Alex Koyfman
BACKGROUND: Headache is a common complaint managed in the emergency department (ED), with emergency physicians focusing on evaluation for life-threatening conditions while treating pain and nausea. OBJECTIVE: This review evaluates the treatment of benign, primary headaches in the ED, with recommendations provided based on the literature. DISCUSSION: Headaches are a major cause of disability in the United States and a common condition managed in the ED...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392227/preventing-and-treating-medication-overuse-headache
#16
Karl B Alstadhaug, Hilde K Ofte, Espen S Kristoffersen
Medication overuse headache is a secondary headache-a worsening of a pre-existing headache (usually a primary headache) owing to overuse of one or more attack-aborting or pain-relieving medications.
July 2017: Pain Reports (Baltimore, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29392099/improving-c1-c2-complex-fusion-rates-an-alternate-approach
#17
REVIEW
Samer S Ghostine, Paul E Kaloostian, Christ Ordookhanian, Sean Kaloostian, Parham Zarrini, Terrence Kim, Stephen Scibelli, Scott J Clark-Schoeb, Srinath Samudrala, Carl Lauryssen, Amandip S Gill, Patrick J Johnson
The surgical repair of atlantoaxial instabilities (AAI) presents complex and unique challenges, originating from abnormalities and/or trauma within the junction regions of the C1-C2 atlas-axis, to surgeons. When this region is destabilized, surgical fusion becomes of key importance in order to prevent spinal cord injury. Several techniques can be utilized to provide for the adequate fusion of the atlantoaxial construct. Nevertheless, many individuals have less than ideal rates of fusion, below 35%-40%, which also involves the C2 nerve root being sacrificed...
November 29, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390459/successful-treatment-of-an-acute-infective-endocarditis-secondary-to-fish-bone-penetrating-into-left-atrium-caused-by-granulicatella-adiacens-and-candida-albicans-a-case-report
#18
Ya Ling Tong, Ting Ting Qu, Jia Xu, Nai Yun Chen, Mei Fang Yang
RATIONAL: Infective endocarditis caused by a foreign body of the upper digestive tract is rare. We report a rare case of Granulicatella adiacens and Candida albicans coinfection acute endocarditis combined with systematic embolization caused by a fish bone from the esophagus penetrating into the left atrium. PATIENT CONCERN: A 42-year-old woman was admitted to our hospital because of fever, abdominal pain, headache, and right limb weakness. DIAGNOSES: Clinical examination indicated endocarditis and systemic embolisms secondary to a fish bone from the esophagus penetrating into the left atrium...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390108/dural-and-pial-pain-sensitive-structures-in-humans-new-inputs-from-awake-craniotomies
#19
Denys Fontaine, Fabien Almairac, Serena Santucci, Charlotte Fernandez, Radhouane Dallel, Johan Pallud, Michel Lanteri-Minet
Our knowledge on intracranial pain-sensitive structures in humans comes essentially from observations during neurosurgical procedures performed in awake patients. It is currently accepted that intracranial pain-sensitive structures are limited to the dura mater and its feeding vessels and that small cerebral vessels and pia mater are insensitive to pain, which is inconsistent with some neurosurgical observations during awake craniotomy procedures. We prospectively collected observations of painful events evoked by mechanical stimulation (touching, stretching, pressure, or aspiration) of intracranial structures during awake craniotomies, routinely performed for intraoperative functional mapping to tailor brain tumour resection in the eloquent area...
January 29, 2018: Brain: a Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384903/outpatient-treatment-of-acute-bacterial-skin-and-skin-structure-infections-absssi-with-tedizolid-phosphate-and-linezolid-in-patients-in-the-united-states-subgroup-analysis-of-2-randomized-phase-3-trials
#20
Carisa De Anda, Steven Anuskiewicz, Philippe Prokocimer, Jose Vazquez
BACKGROUND: Acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) are a frequent cause of hospital admissions in the United States. Safe and effective outpatient treatments may lower ABSSSI-associated health care costs by reducing unnecessary hospital admissions. Using data from 2 phase 3 trials (ESTABLISH-1, NCT01170221; ESTABLISH-2, NCT01421511), this post-hoc analysis explored the efficacy and safety of tedizolid in an outpatient setting. METHODS: Subgroup analysis was performed on US outpatients (defined as patients who were not in hospital at the time of treatment initiation) with ABSSSI caused by presumed or proven gram-positive pathogens...
December 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
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