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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446988/diagnosing-tongue-base-obstruction-in-pierre-robin-sequence-infants-sleep-vs-awake-endoscopy
#1
Jake J Lee, Matthew D Ford, Allison B Tobey, Noel Jabbour
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether awake endoscopy can diagnose base-of-tongue obstruction as reliably as sleep endoscopy in infants with Pierre Robin sequence (PRS). DESIGN: The study was retrospective with the clinicians blinded to patient identity. Endoscopy findings were assessed and measured by the performing pediatric otolaryngologist. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. PATIENTS: All infants with PRS managed between January 2005 and July 2015 were included...
January 1, 2018: Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445527/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-its-role-in-evaluation-of-the-upper-airway-obstruction-and-patient-selection-for-surgical-and-non-surgical-treatment
#2
REVIEW
Bhik Kotecha, Andrea De Vito
Sleep related breathing disorders cause obstruction of the upper airway which can be alleviated by continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy, oral devices or surgical intervention. Non-surgical treatment modalities are not always accepted by patients and in order to attain successful surgical outcomes, evaluation of the upper airway is necessary to carefully select the patients who would benefit from surgery. There are numerous techniques available to assess the upper airway obstruction and these include imaging, acoustic analysis, pressure transducer recording and endoscopic evaluation...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29413418/dise-a-seed-dependent-rnai-off-target-effect-that-kills-cancer-cells
#3
REVIEW
William Putzbach, Quan Q Gao, Monal Patel, Ashley Haluck-Kangas, Andrea E Murmann, Marcus E Peter
Off-target effects (OTEs) represent a significant caveat for RNAi caused by substantial complementarity between siRNAs and unintended mRNAs. We now discuss the existence of three types of seed-dependent OTEs (sOTEs). Type I involves unintended targeting through the guide strand seed of an siRNA. Type II is caused by the activity of the seed on the designated siRNA passenger strand when loaded into the RNA-induced silencing complex (RISC). Both type I and II sOTEs will elicit unpredictable cellular responses...
January 2018: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407995/snoring-classified-the-munich-passau-snore-sound-corpus
#4
Christoph Janott, Maximilian Schmitt, Yue Zhang, Kun Qian, Vedhas Pandit, Zixing Zhang, Clemens Heiser, Winfried Hohenhorst, Michael Herzog, Werner Hemmert, Björn Schuller
OBJECTIVE: Snoring can be excited in different locations within the upper airways during sleep. It was hypothesised that the excitation locations are correlated with distinct acoustic characteristics of the snoring noise. To verify this hypothesis, a database of snore sounds is developed, labelled with the location of sound excitation. METHODS: Video and audio recordings taken during drug induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) examinations from three medical centres have been semi-automatically screened for snore events, which subsequently have been classified by ENT experts into four classes based on the VOTE classification...
January 31, 2018: Computers in Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29395634/does-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-predict-surgical-success-of-limited-palatal-muscle-resection-in-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#5
Jae-Wook Kim, Deok Soo Kim, Sung-Dong Kim, Sue Jean Mun, Soo-Kweon Koo, Kyu-Sup Cho
OBJECTIVE: The aims of this study were to determine the associated factors affecting the success rate of limited palatal muscle resection (LPMR), and to investigate whether drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) could predict the therapeutic response to LPMR in patients with obstructive sleep apnea obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). METHODS: Twenty-one consecutive OSA patients underwent LPMR were enrolled. All patients received routine ENT examination, preoperative DISE, and polysomnography (PSG)...
January 30, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29299518/an-updated-review-of-pediatric-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy
#6
REVIEW
Lyndy J Wilcox, Mathieu Bergeron, Saranya Reghunathan, Stacey L Ishman
Objectives: Drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) involves assessment of the upper airway using a flexible endoscope while patients are in a pharmacologically-induced sleep-like state. The aim of this article is to review the current literature regarding the role of DISE in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). The indications, typical anesthetic protocol, comparison to other diagnostic modalities, scoring systems, and outcomes are discussed. Methods: A comprehensive review of literature regarding pediatric DISE up through May 2017 was performed...
December 2017: Laryngoscope Investigative Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29276665/insights-since-fda-approval-of-hypoglossal-nerve-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#7
Madeleine M Strohl, Motoo Yamauchi, Zhe Peng, Kingman P Strohl
Purpose: The literature on hypoglossal nerve stimulation (HNS) for the treatment of moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) was reviewed from 2014, the time of FDA approval for the Inspire Systems device, to 2017 for themes that might be useful conceptually and practically in the consideration of this new non-anatomic surgical therapy. Recent Findings: there are now further follow-up articles since the 12-month results for Apnea Reduction (STAR) trial of the Inspire device, and post-approval publications which report similar and/0r improved AHI outcomes...
September 2017: Current Sleep Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29247295/the-predictive-value-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-for-cpap-titration-in-osa-patients
#8
Ming-Chin Lan, Yen-Bin Hsu, Ming-Ying Lan, Yun-Chen Huang, Ming-Chang Kao, Tung-Tsun Huang, Tsan-Jen Chiu, Mei-Chen Yang
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to identify possible upper airway obstructions causing a higher continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) titration level, utilizing drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). METHODS: A total of 76 patients with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) underwent CPAP titration and DISE. DISE findings were recorded using the VOTE classification system. Polysomnographic (PSG) data, anthropometric variables, and patterns of airway collapse during DISE were analyzed with CPAP titration levels...
December 15, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206695/drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-from-obscure-technique-to-diagnostic-tool-for-assessment-of-obstructive-sleep-apnea-for-surgical-interventions
#9
Joshua H Atkins, Jeff E Mandel
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Provide a practical update on drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) for anesthesia providers, which can also serve as a reference for those preparing to establish a DISE program. RECENT FINDINGS: New developments in surgical approaches to OSA and the growing global incidence of the condition have stimulated increased interest and demand for drug-induced sleep endoscopy. New techniques include transoral robotic surgery and hypoglossal nerve stimulation...
February 2018: Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204585/application-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-in-patients-treated-with-upper-airway-stimulation-therapy
#10
Adrian A Ong, Christopher M Ayers, Eric J Kezirian, B Tucker Woodson, Nico de Vries, Shaun A Nguyen, M Boyd Gillespie
Objective: To determine the level of agreement among experienced operators of candidacy for upper airway stimulation (UAS) based on evaluation of drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). Methods: The trial was designed as a single-blinded cross-sectional study. Four otolaryngologists with extensive DISE experience were given 63 video clips from the STAR trial video library. These videos were graded using the VOTE classification. Percentage agreement and Cohen's κ (for inter-rater reliability) were calculated between pairs of reviewers, assessing palatal complete concentric collapse (CCC) and determining UAS eligibility...
June 2017: World journal of otorhinolaryngology—head and neck surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168025/relationship-between-the-severity-of-laryngopharyngeal-reflux-and-sleep-apnea-using-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-dise
#11
Joong Seob Lee, Sung Jae Heo, Jung Soo Kim, Dongbin Ahn, Jin Ho Sohn, Heejin Kim
OBJECTIVES: The aim of the study is to identify the following associations: (1) severity of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) and laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR)-related clinical parameters, such as reflux finding score (RFS), reflux symptom index (RSI), and LPR-health-related quality of life (LPR-HRQOL) and (2) complete obstruction on drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) and LPR-related clinical parameters. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Subjects included the OSAS patients without surgery history and all patients perform the polysomnography (PSG) and DISE for their OSAS...
January 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156673/induction-of-dise-in-ovarian-cancer-cells-in-vivo
#12
Andrea E Murmann, Kaylin M McMahon, Ashley Haluck-Kangas, Nandini Ravindran, Monal Patel, Calvin Y Law, Sonia Brockway, Jian-Jun Wei, C Shad Thaxton, Marcus E Peter
The death receptor CD95/Fas can be activated by immune cells to kill cancer cells. shRNAs and siRNAs derived from CD95 or CD95 ligand (CD95L) are highly toxic to most cancer cells. We recently found that these sh/siRNAs kill cancer cells in the absence of the target by targeting the 3'UTRs of critical survival genes through canonical RNAi. We have named this unique form of off-target effect DISE (for death induced by survival gene elimination). DISE preferentially kills transformed cells and cancer stem cells...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29147526/a-ratiometric-fluorescent-probe-for-imaging-and-quantifying-anti-apoptotic-effects-of-gsh-under-temperature-stress
#13
Xiaoyue Han, Xinyu Song, Fabiao Yu, Lingxin Chen
Hypothermia and hyperthermia are cell stressed states resulting from environmental temperature changes, which can abnormally decrease intracellular glutathione (GSH) concentrations and induce apoptosis. As the most abundant intracellular non-protein biothiol, GSH can protect cells from apoptosis. Considering the important roles of GSH in the anti-apoptotic process in cells and in vivo, we strive to develop a powerful chemical tool for the direct detection of GSH concentration changes under temperature stress...
October 1, 2017: Chemical Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110581/outcomes-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-directed-surgery-for-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#14
Shan He, Nithin S Peddireddy, David F Smith, Angela L Duggins, Christine Heubi, Sally R Shott, Stacey L Ishman
Objectives To determine the effectiveness of pediatric drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE)-directed surgery for children with infant obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) or OSA after adenotonsillectomy. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary care pediatric hospital. Subjects and Methods We included 56 children undergoing DISE from October 2013 to September 2015 who underwent subsequent surgery to address OSA. The primary outcome was successful response to DISE-directed surgery based on the postoperative obstructive Apnea-Hypopnea Index (oAHI)...
November 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092660/identification-of-dise-inducing-shrnas-by-monitoring-cellular-responses
#15
Monal Patel, Marcus E Peter
Off-target effects (OTE) are an undesired side effect of RNA interference (RNAi) caused by partial complementarity between the targeting siRNA and mRNAs other than the gene to be silenced. The death receptor CD95 and its ligand CD95L contain multiple sequences that when expressed as either si- or shRNAs kill cancer cells through a defined OTE that targets critical survival genes. Death induced by survival gene elimination (DISE) is characterized by specific morphological changes such as elongated cell shapes, senescence-like enlarged cells, appearance of large intracellular vesicles, release of mitochondrial ROS followed by activation of caspase-2, and induction of a necrotic form of mitotic catastrophe...
November 1, 2017: Cell Cycle
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081031/drug-induced-sedation-endoscopy-in-surgically-na%C3%A3-ve-infants-and-children-with-obstructive-sleep-apnea-impact-on-treatment-decision-and-outcome
#16
A Boudewyns, V Saldien, P Van de Heyning, S Verhulst
PURPOSE: Adenotonsillectomy (AT) is the first-line treatment for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children irrespective of clinical upper airway (UA) findings. We aimed to investigate whether drug-induced sedation endoscopy (DISE) changes treatment decision and outcome in otherwise healthy children and infants with OSA. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of prospectively collected data on polysomnography, DISE, and treatment in surgically naïve, otherwise healthy infants (n = 34) and children (n = 75) with OSA...
October 28, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079831/taxonomic-and-functional-turnover-are-decoupled-in-european-peat-bogs
#17
Bjorn J M Robroek, Vincent E J Jassey, Richard J Payne, Magalí Martí, Luca Bragazza, Albert Bleeker, Alexandre Buttler, Simon J M Caporn, Nancy B Dise, Jens Kattge, Katarzyna Zając, Bo H Svensson, Jasper van Ruijven, Jos T A Verhoeven
In peatland ecosystems, plant communities mediate a globally significant carbon store. The effects of global environmental change on plant assemblages are expected to be a factor in determining how ecosystem functions such as carbon uptake will respond. Using vegetation data from 56 Sphagnum-dominated peat bogs across Europe, we show that in these ecosystems plant species aggregate into two major clusters that are each defined by shared response to environmental conditions. Across environmental gradients, we find significant taxonomic turnover in both clusters...
October 27, 2017: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064308/systematic-review-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-scoring-systems
#18
Janine M Amos, Megan L Durr, Heather C Nardone, Cristina M Baldassari, Angela Duggins, Stacey L Ishman
Objective To systematically review the scoring systems used to report findings during drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE) for adults and children with obstructive sleep apnea. Data Sources PubMed, CINAHL, EBM Reviews, Embase, and Scopus databases. Review Methods This is a systematic review of all indexed years of publications referring to scoring of DISE for children and adults with obstructive sleep apnea. The type of DISE scoring system utilized was the primary outcome. PRISMA guidelines were followed to carry out this review; articles were independently reviewed by 2 investigators...
February 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063830/many-si-shrnas-can-kill-cancer-cells-by-targeting-multiple-survival-genes-through-an-off-target-mechanism
#19
William Putzbach, Quan Q Gao, Monal Patel, Stijn van Dongen, Ashley Haluck-Kangas, Aishe A Sarshad, Elizabeth T Bartom, Kwang-Youn A Kim, Denise M Scholtens, Markus Hafner, Jonathan C Zhao, Andrea E Murmann, Marcus E Peter
Over 80% of multiple-tested siRNAs and shRNAs targeting CD95 or CD95 ligand (CD95L) induce a form of cell death characterized by simultaneous activation of multiple cell death pathways preferentially killing transformed and cancer stem cells. We now show these si/shRNAs kill cancer cells through canonical RNAi by targeting the 3'UTR of critical survival genes in a unique form of off-target effect we call DISE (death induced by survival gene elimination). Drosha and Dicer-deficient cells, devoid of most miRNAs, are hypersensitive to DISE, suggesting cellular miRNAs protect cells from this form of cell death...
October 24, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059008/narrative-review-of-contemporary-treatment-options-in-the-care-of-patients-with-obstructive-sleep-apnoea
#20
Mark S Ferguson, Jennifer Claire Magill, Bhik T Kotecha
Snoring and obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) are increasingly common conditions, and confer a significant health and socioeconomic burden. Furthermore, untreated OSA represents a significant mortality risk. Patients require careful assessment, including detailed clinical history and examination, sleep study and drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). Although nasal continuous positive airway pressure (nCPAP) is the gold standard treatment for moderate and severe OSA, multidisciplinary team assessment is often required to develop the best treatment plan for an individual, especially when nasal CPAP is poorly tolerated...
November 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Respiratory Disease
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