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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231953/fundamental-tongue-motions-for-trumpet-playing-a-study-using-cine-magnetic-resonance-imaging-cine-mri
#1
Hiroko Furuhashi, Toru Chikui, Daisuke Inadomi, Tomoko Shiraishi, Kazunori Yoshiura
OBJECTIVE: Though the motions of structures outside the mouth in trumpet performance have been reported, the dynamics of intraoral structures remain unelucidated. This study explored the tongue's movement in trumpet playing using cine magnetic resonance imaging (cine MRI) and demonstrated the effects of intraoral anatomical structures on changes in pitch and dynamics. METHODS: Cine MRI was applied to 18 trumpet players, who were divided into two groups (7 beginner, 11 advanced) based on their ability to play a certain high note...
December 2017: Medical Problems of Performing Artists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224043/identification-of-human-papillomavirus-hpv-subtype-in-oral-cancer-patients-through-microarray-technology
#2
Soung Min Kim, Ik Jae Kwon, Hoon Myoung, Jong Ho Lee, Suk Keun Lee
PURPOSE: Human papilloma virus (HPV) is the main source of cervical cancer. Many recent studies have revealed the prevalence and prognosis of HPV associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma, but fewer reports have evaluated HPV in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence and prognosis of HPV associated with OSCC according to HPV and tumor types. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used a DNA chip kit (MY-HPV chip kit ®, Mygene Co...
December 9, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223635/three-dimensional-superimposition-for-patients-with-facial-palsy-an-innovative-method-for-assessing-the-success-of-facial-reanimation-procedures
#3
C Sforza, E Ulaj, D M Gibelli, F Allevi, V Pucciarelli, F Tarabbia, D Ciprandi, G Dell'Aversana Orabona, C Dolci, F Biglioli
Facial palsy is a severe condition that may be ameliorated by facial reanimation, but there is no consensus about how to judge its success. In this study we aimed to test a new method for assessing facial movements based on 3-dimensional analysis of the facial surfaces. Eleven patients aged between 42 and 77 years who had recently been affected by facial palsy (onset between 6 and 18 months) were treated by an operation based on triple innervation: the masseteric to temporofacial nerve branch, 30% of the hypoglossal fibres to the cervicofacial nerve branch, and the contralateral facial nerve through two cross-face sural nerve grafts...
December 6, 2017: British Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222887/relationship-between-umami-taste-acuity-with-sweet-or-bitter-taste-acuity-and-food-selection-in-japanese-women-university-students
#4
Masaru Kubota, Chikako Toda, Ayako Nagai-Moriyama
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although there are many studies on the umami receptor and its signaling pathway, literature on the effect of umami taste acuity on dietary choices in healthy subjects is limited. The current study aims to clarify the relationship between umami taste acuity with sweet or bitter taste acuity, food preference and intake. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Forty-two healthy Japanese female university students were enrolled. The acuity for umami, sweet, and bitter tastes was evaluated using the filter-paper disc method...
2018: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217718/social-networks-leisure-activities-and-maximum-tongue-pressure-cross-sectional-associations-in-the-nagasaki-islands-study
#5
Mako Nagayoshi, Miho Higashi, Noboru Takamura, Mami Tamai, Jun Koyamatsu, Hirotomo Yamanashi, Koichiro Kadota, Shimpei Sato, Shin-Ya Kawashiri, Zenya Koyama, Toshiyuki Saito, Takahiro Maeda
OBJECTIVES: Social environment is often associated with health outcomes, but epidemiological evidence for its effect on oral frailty, a potential risk factor for aspiration, is sparse. This study aimed to assess the association between social environment and tongue pressure, as an important measure of oral function. The study focused on family structure, social networks both with and beyond neighbours, and participation in leisure activities. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study...
December 6, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212478/effect-of-butorphanol-midazolam-or-ketamine-on-romifidine-based-sedation-in-horses-during-standing-cheek-tooth-removal
#6
Theresa Maria Müller, Klaus Hopster, Astrid Bienert-Zeit, Karl Rohn, Sabine B R Kästner
BACKGROUND: Standing surgery, especially dental procedures, are commonly performed in horses. This leads to an increasing demand for reliable sedation protocols. Therefore, it was the purpose of this study to investigate the influence of butorphanol, midazolam or ketamine on romifidine based sedation in horses during cheek tooth removal. METHODS: Forty horses presented for tooth extraction were divided in four groups using matched pair randomization. Group R was sedated with romifidine (bolus 0...
December 6, 2017: BMC Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29206324/ahns-series-do-you-know-your-guidelines-evidence-based-management-of-oral-cavity-cancers
#7
Amarbir Gill, Nilesh Vasan, Babak Givi, Arjun Joshi
Oral cavity squamous cell carcinoma (OCSCC) is the most common nonmelanoma head and neck cancer in the world, with an estimated 405 000 new cases expected each year. Subsites of the oral cavity include the alveolar ridge, buccal mucosa, anterior tongue, tonsillar pillar, retromolar trigone, hard palate, gingiva, and floor of the mouth. In this issue of the AHNS "Do you know your guidelines?" series, we review the evidence-based approach to the management of oral cavity carcinomas based on the framework provided by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Clinical Practice Guidelines in Oncology...
December 5, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205393/eaaci-guidelines-on-allergen-immunotherapy-ige-mediated-food-allergy
#8
G B Pajno, M Fernandez-Rivas, S Arasi, G Roberts, C A Akdis, M Alvaro-Lozano, K Beyer, C Bindslev-Jensen, W Burks, M Ebisawa, P Eigenmann, E Knol, K C Nadeau, L K Poulsen, R van Ree, A F Santos, G du Toit, S Dhami, U Nurmatov, Y Boloh, M Makela, L O'Mahony, N Papadopoulos, C Sackesen, I Agache, E Angier, S Halken, M Jutel, S Lau, O Pfaar, D Ryan, G Sturm, E-M Varga, R G van Wijk, A Sheikh, A Muraro
Food allergy can result in considerable morbidity, impairment of quality of life, and healthcare expenditure. There is therefore interest in novel strategies for its treatment, particularly food allergen immunotherapy (FA-AIT) through the oral (OIT), sublingual (SLIT), or epicutaneous (EPIT) routes. This Guideline, prepared by the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) Task Force on Allergen Immunotherapy for IgE-mediated Food Allergy, aims to provide evidence-based recommendations for active treatment of IgE-mediated food allergy with FA-AIT...
September 27, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204589/hyoid-myotomy-and-suspension-without-simultaneous-palate-or-tongue-base-surgery%C3%A2-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#9
Adrian A Ong, Jonathan Buttram, Shaun A Nguyen, Dustin Platter, Michael R Abidin, M Boyd Gillespie
Objective: Determine the effects of hyoid myotomy and suspension (HMS) without concurrent palatal or tongue base sleep surgery for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA). Method: Patients with OSA treated with HMS were identified using CPT code (21685) at an academic and private sleep surgery clinic. Those who underwent concurrent palatal or tongue base sleep surgery were excluded. Outcomes included simultaneous procedures, apnea-hypopnea index (AHI), lowest oxyhemoglobin saturation (LSAT), and Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS)...
June 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204587/transoral-robotic-surgery-vs-endoscopic-partial-midline-glossectomy-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#10
David Folk, Mark D'Agostino
Objective: To compare sleep-related outcomes in obstructive sleep apnea hypopnea syndrome (OSAHS) patients following base of tongue resection via robotic surgery and endoscopic midline glossectomy. Methods: This was a retrospective study. A total of 114 robotic and 37 endoscopic midline glossectomy surgeries were performed between July 2010 and April 2015 as part of single or multilevel surgery. Patients were excluded for indications other than sleep apnea or if complete sleep studies were not obtained...
June 2017: World Journal of Otorhinolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204585/application-of-drug-induced-sleep-endoscopy-in-patients-treated-with-upper-airway-stimulation-therapy
#11
Adrian A Ong, Christopher M Ayers, Eric J Kezirian, B Tucker Woodson, Nico de Vries, Shaun A Nguyen, M Boyd Gillespie
Objective: To determine the level of agreement among experienced operators of candidacy for upper airway stimulation (UAS) based on evaluation of drug-induced sleep endoscopy (DISE). Methods: The trial was designed as a single-blinded cross-sectional study. Four otolaryngologists with extensive DISE experience were given 63 video clips from the STAR trial video library. These videos were graded using the VOTE classification. Percentage agreement and Cohen's κ (for inter-rater reliability) were calculated between pairs of reviewers, assessing palatal complete concentric collapse (CCC) and determining UAS eligibility...
June 2017: World journal of otorhinolaryngology—head and neck surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204340/evaluation-of-coexistence-of-cancer-and-active-tuberculosis-16-case-series
#12
Beyhan Çakar, Aydın Çiledağ
Introduction: Tuberculosis is an important risk factor for cancer. Pulmonary TB and lung cancer(LC) may mimic each other especially in the aspect of the clinical and radiological features. The aim of the study was to evaluate the features and risk factors of cases with coexistence cancer and active TB. Methodology: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients with coexisting TB and cancer a period from 2009 to 2014. We evaluated demographic data, the ways diagnosis of TB cases, the location of TB and cancer, TB treatment results of the cases...
2018: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201816/quantitative-analysis-of-swallowing-function-between-dysphagia-patients-and-healthy-subjects-using-high-resolution-manometry
#13
Chul-Hyun Park, Don-Kyu Kim, Yong-Taek Lee, Youbin Yi, Jung-Sang Lee, Kunwoo Kim, Jung Ho Park, Kyung Jae Yoon
Objective: To compare swallowing function between healthy subjects and patients with pharyngeal dysphagia using high resolution manometry (HRM) and to evaluate the usefulness of HRM for detecting pharyngeal dysphagia. Methods: Seventy-five patients with dysphagia and 28 healthy subjects were included in this study. Diagnosis of dysphagia was confirmed by a videofluoroscopy. HRM was performed to measure pressure and timing information at the velopharynx (VP), tongue base (TB), and upper esophageal sphincter (UES)...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201479/lingual-osseous-choristoma-of-the-tongue-base-unusual-presentation-of-a-rare-entity
#14
Matthew J Heinz, Scott M Peters, Salvatore M Caruana, Angela J Yoon
Osseous lesions of the tongue, also referred to as osseous choristomas, are benign growths of bony tissue. These lesions are not true neoplasms but rather represent growth of normal tissue at an abnormal location. Clinically, they appear as exophytic masses of the tongue, and they are treated by surgical excision. Lingual osseous choristomas are rare entities, with only 71 reported cases in the literature. We present the case of a lingual osseous choristoma of the tongue base in a 21-year-old female. Of the cases of lingual osseous choristoma reported in the literature, ours is only the fifth case to involve this location...
2017: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199343/-diagnostic-value-of-diffusion-weighted-magnetic-resonance-imaging-for-solid-tumors-affecting-the-base-of-tongue-and-glossopharynx
#15
Wen-Jing Zhu, Qiang Yu, Ping-Zhong Wang, Hui-Min Shi
PURPOSE: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the potential application value of diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DW-MRI) to differentiate solid benign from malignant tumors affecting the base of tongue and glossopharynx. METHODS: Sixty-one patients who presented with solid tumors affecting the base of tongue and glossopharynx underwent conventional MRI and DW-MRI before pathologic verification. Based on pathologic findings, the tumors were classified into 4 groups: Group 1, solid benign tumor (n=10); Group 2, epithelial carcinoma (n=35); Group 3: non- epithelial malignant tumor (n=16); and Group 4: malignant tumor (n=51, a combination of Group 2 and 3)...
August 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198289/the-incidence-and-characterization-of-globus-sensation-dysphagia-and-odynophagia-following-surgery-for-obstructive-sleep-apnea
#16
Masanari G Kato, Mitchell J Isaac, M Boyd Gillespie, Ashli K O'Rourke
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To determine the incidence, duration, and predictors of swallowing-related symptoms following upper airway surgery for obstructive sleep apnea. METHODS: Adults (age 18 years or older) who underwent surgery for obstructive sleep apnea at a tertiary care institution from January 2012 to December 2015 were retrospectively reviewed. The incidence, duration, and associated factors of postoperative swallowing complaints were evaluated. RESULTS: A total of 130 patients (135 surgical encounters) met criteria for inclusion...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197986/relationships-between-mri-fat-distributions-and-sleep-apnea-and-obesity-hypoventilation-syndrome-in-very-obese-patients
#17
C D Turnbull, S H Wang, A R Manuel, B T Keenan, A G McIntyre, R J Schwab, J R Stradling
PURPOSE: Obesity is associated with both obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and obesity hypoventilation. Differences in adipose tissue distribution are thought to underlie the development of both OSA and hypoventilation. We explored the relationships between the distribution of upper airway, neck, chest, abdominal and muscle fat in very obese individuals. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional cohort study of individuals presenting to a tertiary sleep clinic or for assessment for bariatric surgery...
December 2, 2017: Sleep & Breathing, Schlaf & Atmung
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195660/detection-of-clinically-occult-primary-tumours-in-patients-with-cervical-metastases-of-unknown-primary-tumours-comparison-of-three-dimensional-thrive-mri-two-dimensional-spin-echo-mri-and-contrast-enhanced-ct
#18
M G Yoo, J Kim, S Bae, S S Ahn, S J Ahn, Y W Koh
AIM: To evaluate and compare the utility of contrast-enhanced three-dimensional (3D) T1-weighted high-resolution isotropic volume examination (THRIVE), spin-echo (SE) T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and computed tomography (CT) for detecting clinically occult primary tumours in patients with cervical lymph node metastases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Seventy-three consecutive patients with tumours that went undetected during endoscopic or physical examinations underwent preoperative contrast-enhanced CT and MRI (SE and 3D THRIVE) after gadolinium injection...
November 28, 2017: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192652/zc3h7b-bcor-high-grade-endometrial-stromal-sarcomas-a-report-of-17-cases-of-a-newly-defined-entity
#19
Natasha Lewis, Robert A Soslow, Deborah F Delair, Kay J Park, Rajmohan Murali, Travis J Hollmann, Ben Davidson, Francesca Micci, Ioannis Panagopoulos, Lien N Hoang, Javier A Arias-Stella, Esther Oliva, Robert H Young, Martee L Hensley, Mario M Leitao, Meera Hameed, Ryma Benayed, Marc Ladanyi, Denise Frosina, Achim A Jungbluth, Cristina R Antonescu, Sarah Chiang
High-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma likely encompasses underrecognized tumors harboring genetic abnormalities besides YWHAE-NUTM2 fusion. Triggered by three initial endometrial stromal sarcomas with ZC3H7B-BCOR fusion characterized by high-grade morphology and aggressive clinical behavior, we herein investigate the clinicopathologic features of this genetic subset by expanding the analysis to 17 such tumors. All of them occurred in adult women with a median age of 54 (range, 28-71) years. They were predominantly based in the endomyometrium and demonstrated tongue-like and/or pushing myometrial invasion...
December 1, 2017: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191538/collet-sicard-syndrome-attributable-to-extramedullary-plasmacytoma-of-the-jugular-foramen
#20
Soliman Oushy, Christopher S Graffeo, Avital Perry, Jonathan M Morris, Matthew L Carlson, Jamie J Van Gompel
BACKGROUND: Collet-Sicard syndrome is a rare manifestation of skull base disease involving the jugular and hypoglossal foramina. We report the first case of Collet-Sicard attributable to extramedullary plasmacytoma-multiple myeloma (EP-MM), as well as the second case of EP-MM precipitating a jugular foramen syndrome (JFS)-spectrum disorder. CASE DESCRIPTION: A fifty-nine-year-old woman presented with 4-months of left aural fullness and pulsatile tenderness, positional vertigo, hoarseness, and dysphagia...
November 27, 2017: World Neurosurgery
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