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Binod Kumar, Dipanjan Dutta, Jawed Iqbal, Mairaj Ahmed Ansari, Arunava Roy, Leela Chikoti, Gina Pisano, Mohanan Valiya Veettil, Bala Chandran
Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) binding to the endothelial cell surface heparan sulfate is followed by sequential interactions with α3β1, αVβ3 and αVβ5 integrins and Ephrin A2 receptor tyrosine kinase (EphA2R). These interactions activate host cell pre-existing FAK, Src, PI3-K and RhoGTPase signaling cascades, c-Cbl mediated ubiquitination of receptors, recruitment of CIB1, p130Cas and Crk adaptor molecules, and membrane bleb formation leading to lipid raft dependent macropinocytosis of KSHV into human microvascular dermal endothelial (HMVEC-d) cells...
October 2016: PLoS Pathogens
Mayumi Takeya, Yuushi Okumura, Takeshi Nikawa
Skin can respond to various types of internal and/or external mechanostimuli, such as excessive tension caused by body growth or decompression due to weight loss, which significantly affect skin morphology. Mechanosensors, including p130Cas, are reported to play a role in deformation and subsequent recovery of various tissues including skeletal muscles and blood vessels. However, the role of mechanotransduction via p130Cas in the regulation of skin size remains unclear. In this report, p130Cas activation was manipulated using a fibroblast-embedded collagen gel model or mouse skin contraction model...
October 7, 2016: Journal of Physiological Sciences: JPS
Maria Elisa Perico, Silvia Grasso, Matteo Brunelli, Guido Martignoni, Enrico Munari, Enrico Moiso, Giulio Fracasso, Tiziana Cestari, Hassan Y Naim, Vincenzo Bronte, Marco Colombatti, Dunia Ramarli
The expression of Prostate Specific-Membrane Antigen (PSMA) increases in high-grade prostate carcinoma envisaging a role in growth and progression. We show here that clustering PSMA at LNCaP or PC3-PSMA cell membrane activates AKT and MAPK pathways thus promoting proliferation and survival. PSMA activity was dependent on the assembly of a macromolecular complex including filamin A, beta1 integrin, p130CAS, c-Src and EGFR. Within this complex beta1 integrin became activated thereby inducing a c-Src-dependent EGFR phosphorylation at Y1086 and Y1173 EGF-independent residues...
October 3, 2016: Oncotarget
S R Frank, C P Köllmann, J F van Lidth de Jeude, J R Thiagarajah, L H Engelholm, M Frödin, S H Hansen
DOCK proteins are guanine nucleotide exchange factors for Rac and Cdc42 GTPases. DOCK1 is the founding member of the family and acts downstream of integrins via the canonical Crk-p130Cas complex to activate Rac GTPases in numerous contexts. In contrast, DOCK5, which possesses the greatest similarity to DOCK1, remains sparingly studied. Here we establish that DOCK5 has a non-redundant role in regulating motile and invasive capacities of epithelial cells. DOCK1 is constitutively associated with sites of integrin attachment termed focal adhesions (FAs)...
September 26, 2016: Oncogene
Vered Horwitz, Ben Davidson, Dganit Stern, Claes G Tropé, Tali Tavor Re'em, Reuven Reich
OBJECTIVE: Ezrin and p130Cas are structural proteins with an important role in signaling pathways and have been shown to promote cancer dissemination. We previously reported on overexpression of both ezrin and p130Cas in breast carcinoma effusions compared to primary carcinomas. Since ovarian and breast carcinomas share the ability to disseminate by forming malignant effusions, we sought to study the role of these molecules in ovarian carcinoma (OC). METHODS: OC cell lines were cultured in two different 3-dimensional conditions, on alginate scaffolds and as spheroids, which served as models for solid tumor and malignant effusions, respectively...
2016: PloS One
Guilong Zhang, Lukui Chen, Kouhong Sun, Ahsan Ali Khan, Jianghua Yan, Hongyi Liu, Ailin Lu, Ning Gu
Glioma occurs due to multi-gene abnormalities. Neuropilin-1 (NRP-1), as a transmembrane protein, involves in glioma proliferation, invasion, and migration, as well as tumor angiogenesis. The cytoplasmic protein, GAIP/RGS19-interacting protein (GIPC1), could regulate the clathrin-vesicles trafficking and recycling. Here, we show that NRP-1 co-localizes and co-immunoprecipitates with GIPC1, and the C-terminal SEA-COOH motif of NRP-1 interacts specially with the named from three proteins: PSD-95 (a 95 kDa protein involved in signaling at the post-synaptic density), DLG (the Drosophila melanogaster Discs Large protein) and ZO-1 (the zonula occludens 1 protein involved in maintenance of epithelial polarity) (PDZ) domain of GIPC1 in glioma cells...
August 1, 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Jia Li, Ruping Wang, Dale D Tang
BACKGROUND: The intermediate filament protein vimentin undergoes reversible phosphorylation and dephosphorylation at Ser-56, which plays an important role in regulating the contraction-relaxation cycles of smooth muscle. The protein phosphatases that mediate vimentin dephosphorylation in smooth muscle have not been previously investigated. METHODS: The associations of protein phosphatase 1 (PP1) and protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) with vimentin in mouse tracheal rings was evaluated by co-immunoprecipitation...
2016: Respiratory Research
Yiqing Zhao, Anthony Scott, Peng Zhang, Yujun Hao, Xiujing Feng, Saigopal Somasundaram, Ahmad M Khalil, Joseph Willis, Zhenghe Wang
Protein tyrosine phosphatase receptor T (PTPRT) is frequently mutated in a variety of human cancers including colorectal cancer. Here we report that PTPRT knockout increases the size of mouse colon tumors in the Apcmin+/- genetic background, suggesting that inactivation of PTPRT promotes tumor progression. We previously demonstrated that PTPRT dephosphorylates paxillin at tyrosine-Y88 residue. Consistently, phosphorylation of Y88 paxillin (pY88) is up-regulated in colon tumors derived from Apcmin+/- Ptprt-/- mice...
July 18, 2016: Oncotarget
Antonina Frolov, Ian M Evans, Ningning Li, Kastytis Sidlauskas, Ketevan Paliashvili, Nicola Lockwood, Angela Barrett, Sebastian Brandner, Ian C Zachary, Paul Frankel
Imatinib was the first targeted tyrosine kinase inhibitor to be approved for clinical use, and remains first-line therapy for Philadelphia chromosome (Ph+)-positive chronic myelogenous leukaemia. We show that treatment of human glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) tumour cells with imatinib and the closely-related drug, nilotinib, strikingly increases tyrosine phosphorylation of p130Cas, focal adhesion kinase (FAK) and the downstream adaptor protein paxillin (PXN), resulting in enhanced cell migration and invasion...
2016: Scientific Reports
Monica E Burgett, Justin D Lathia, Patrick Roth, Amy S Nowacki, Deni S Galileo, Elena Pugacheva, Ping Huang, Amit Vasanji, Meizhang Li, Tatiana Byzova, Tom Mikkelsen, Shideng Bao, Jeremy N Rich, Michael Weller, Candece L Gladson
The secretion of soluble pro-angiogenic factors by tumor cells and stromal cells in the perivascular niche promotes the aggressive angiogenesis that is typical of glioblastoma (GBM). Here, we show that angiogenesis also can be promoted by a direct interaction between brain tumor cells, including tumor cells with cancer stem-like properties (CSCs), and endothelial cells (ECs). As shown in vitro, this direct interaction is mediated by binding of integrin αvβ3 expressed on ECs to the RGD-peptide in L1CAM expressed on CSCs...
May 30, 2016: Oncotarget
Anna A Birukova, Alok S Shah, Yufeng Tian, Grzegorz Gawlak, Nicolene Sarich, Konstantin G Birukov
Increased vascular endothelial cell (EC) permeability is a result of intercellular gap formation that may be induced by contraction-dependent and contraction-independent mechanisms. This study investigated a role of the adaptor protein vinculin in EC permeability induced by contractile (thrombin) and non-contractile (IL-6) agonists. Although thrombin and IL-6 caused similar permeability increase in human pulmonary EC and disrupted the association between vinculin and VE-cadherin, they induced different patterns of focal adhesion (FA) arrangement...
April 26, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory Cell and Molecular Biology
P Dourlen, F J Fernandez-Gomez, C Dupont, B Grenier-Boley, C Bellenguez, H Obriot, R Caillierez, Y Sottejeau, J Chapuis, A Bretteville, F Abdelfettah, C Delay, N Malmanche, H Soininen, M Hiltunen, M-C Galas, P Amouyel, N Sergeant, L Buée, J-C Lambert, B Dermaut
A recent genome-wide association meta-analysis for Alzheimer's disease (AD) identified 19 risk loci (in addition to APOE) in which the functional genes are unknown. Using Drosophila, we screened 296 constructs targeting orthologs of 54 candidate risk genes within these loci for their ability to modify Tau neurotoxicity by quantifying the size of >6000 eyes. Besides Drosophila Amph (ortholog of BIN1), which we previously implicated in Tau pathology, we identified p130CAS (CASS4), Eph (EPHA1), Fak (PTK2B) and Rab3-GEF (MADD) as Tau toxicity modulators...
April 26, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
Yusuke Makino, Kazunori Hamamura, Yoshifumi Takei, Robiul Hasan Bhuiyan, Yuki Ohkawa, Yuhsuke Ohmi, Hideyuki Nakashima, Keiko Furukawa, Koichi Furukawa
We previously demonstrated that focal adhesion kinase (FAK), p130Cas and paxillin are crucially involved in the enhanced malignant properties under expression of ganglioside GD3 in melanoma cells. Therefore, molecules existing in the GD3-mediated signaling pathway could be considered as suitable targets for therapeutic intervention in malignant melanoma. The aim of this study was to determine whether blockade of p130Cas and/or paxillin by RNAi suppresses melanoma growth. We found a suitable dose (40 μM siRNA, 25 μl/tumor) of the siRNA to suppress p130Cas in the xenografts generated in nu/nu mice...
August 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Yuan Wang, Feng Yan, Qing Ye, Xiao Wu, Fan Jiang
Promoting endothelial cell (EC) migration is important not only for therapeutic angiogenesis, but also for accelerating re-endothelialization after vessel injury. Several recent studies have shown that inhibition of protein tyrosine phosphatase 1B (PTP1B) may promote EC migration and angiogenesis by enhancing the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor-2 (VEGFR2) signalling. In the present study, we demonstrated that PTP1B inhibitor could promote EC adhesion, spreading and migration, which were abolished by the inhibitor of Rac1 but not RhoA GTPase...
2016: Scientific Reports
Tae-Sun Ha, Hye-Young Park, Su-Bin Seong, Hee-Yul Ahn
Angiotensin II (Ang II) induces the pathological process of vascular structures, including renal glomeruli by hemodynamic and nonhemodynamic direct effects. In kidneys, Ang II plays an important role in the development of proteinuria by the modification of podocyte molecules. We have previously found that Ang II suppressed podocyte AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) via Ang II type 1 receptor and MAPK signaling pathway. In the present study, we investigated the roles of AMPK on the changes of p130Cas of podocyte by Ang II...
April 2016: Journal of Korean Medical Science
Zhihai Zhao, Song Hui Tan, Hiroaki Machiyama, Keiko Kawauchi, Keigo Araki, Hiroaki Hirata, Yasuhiro Sawada
Cell migration is a highly dynamic process that plays pivotal roles in both physiological and pathological processes. We have previously reported that p130Cas supports cell migration through the binding to Src as well as phosphorylation-dependent association with actin retrograde flow at focal adhesions. However, it remains elusive how phosphorylated Cas interacts with actin cytoskeletons. We observe that the actin-binding protein, tensin 1, co-localizes with Cas, but not with its phosphorylation-defective mutant, at focal adhesions in leading regions of migrating cells...
2016: Biology Open
Joerg Kumbrink, Ana de la Cueva, Shefali Soni, Nadja Sailer, Kathrin H Kirsch
Elevated p130Cas (Crk-associated substrate) levels are found in aggressive breast tumors and are associated with poor prognosis and resistance to standard therapeutics in patients. p130Cas signals majorly through its phosphorylated substrate domain (SD) that contains 15 tyrosine motifs (YxxP) which recruit effector molecules. Tyrosine phosphorylation of p130Cas is important for mediating migration, invasion, tumor promotion, and metastasis. We previously developed a Src*/SD fusion molecule approach, where the SD is constitutively phosphorylated...
August 2016: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
Kiyoko Uehara, Akira Uehara
The splenic sinus endothelium adhering via adherens junctions and tight junctions regulates the passage of blood cells through the splenic cord. Focal adhesion kinase (FAK) regulates the focal adhesion complex in the basal part of endothelial cells and is an integrated component of cell-cell adhesion, depending on its phosphorylation status. The objectives of this study are to assess the localization of FAK phosphorylated at tyrosine residues and the related proteins of integrin β5, talin, paxillin, p130Cas, vinculin, RhoA, Rac1, Rac2, Cdc42 and VE-cadherin, in the sinus endothelial cells of rat spleen and to examine the roles of FAK in regulating endothelial adhesion and the passage of blood cells...
June 2016: Cell and Tissue Research
Brigitte Bisaro, Marianna Sciortino, Shana Colombo, Maria Pilar Camacho Leal, Andrea Costamagna, Isabella Castellano, Filippo Montemurro, Valentina Rossi, Giorgio Valabrega, Emilia Turco, Paola Defilippi, Sara Cabodi
Overexpression of the ErbB2/HER2 receptor tyrosine kinase occurs in up to 20% of human breast cancers and correlates with aggressive disease. Several efficacious targeted therapies, including antibodies and kinase inhibitors, have been developed but the occurring of resistance to these agents is often observed. New therapeutic agents targeting the endocytic recycling and intracellular trafficking of membrane in tumor cells overexpressing ErbB2 are actually in clinical development. Nevertheless the mechanisms underlying ErbB2 downregulation are still obscure...
January 26, 2016: Oncotarget
Teresa Zalewska, Adam Bielawski, Luiza Stanaszek, Krzysztof Wieczerzak, Małgorzata Ziemka-Nałęcz, Irena Nalepa
BACKGROUND: Antidepressants can modify neuronal functioning by affecting many levels of signal transduction pathways that are involved in neuroplasticity. We investigated whether the phosphorylation status of focal adhesion kinase (FAK/PTK2) and its homolog, PYK2/PTK2B, and their complex with the downstream effectors (Src kinase, p130Cas, and paxillin) are affected by administration of the antidepressant drug, imipramine. The treatment influence on the levels of ERK1/2 kinases and their phosphorylated forms (pERK1/2) or the Gαq, Gα11 and Gα12 proteins were also assessed...
February 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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