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Benign neoplasms in women

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441840/-atypical-polypoid-adenomyoma-of-the-uterus-a-clinicopathological-review-of-27-cases
#1
T J Bai, D M Bao, Y Li, Y Wang, H Cui, H L Zhu
Objective: To investigate the clinical and pathological characteristics of atypical polypoid adenomyoma (APA) for improvement of the diagnosis, different diagnosis and treatment of the disease. Methods: The clinical data, pathological characteristics, and the follow-up information were retrospectively analyzed in 27 cases of APA admitted in Peking Univeristy People's Hospital from 2007 to 2016. Results: The median age was 42.6 years old (range 25-60 years old). Fifteen patients were nullipara, 2 patients were postmenopausal...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28400123/predictors-of-incidental-gallbladder-cancer-in-patients-undergoing-cholecystectomy-for-benign-gallbladder-disease-results-from-a-population-based-gallstone-surgery-registry
#2
Carolina Muszynska, Linda Lundgren, Gert Lindell, Roland Andersson, Johan Nilsson, Per Sandström, Bodil Andersson
BACKGROUND: Gallbladder cancer is a rare neoplasm with a poor prognosis. Early diagnosis and correct treatment strategy is important. The aim of this study was to identify predictors for incidental gallbladder cancer. METHODS: Data from cholecystectomies registered in the nationwide Swedish Register for Gallstone Surgery between 2007 and 2014 were analyzed for incidental gallbladder cancer. Exclusion criteria were patients with a gallbladder not sent for histopathology, preoperative suspicion of polyps/gallbladder cancer, and indication for operation for other reasons than gallstone disease...
April 8, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397199/proliferation-and-maturation-of-intratumoral-blood-vessels-in-women-with-malignant-ovarian-tumors-assessed-with-cancer-stem-cells-marker-nestin-and-platelet-derived-growth-factor-pdgf-b
#3
Sylwia Czekierdowska, Norbert Stachowicz, Mieczysław Chróściel, Artur Czekierdowski
OBJECTIVES: Platelet-derived growth factor B (PDGF-B) and nestin have been suggested to be useful in the assessment of neoangiogenesis in malignant ovarian masses. We aimed to investigate a possible association of these markers with newly formed microcapillaries and perivascular cells in ovarian tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Microvessel density (MVD) and pericytes were studied in 82 women with ovarian neoplasms, including 7 benign cysts, 7 borderline masses, 64 epithelial ovarian cancers and 4 other malignant ovarian tumors...
2017: Ginekologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28383300/nevi-ambient-ultraviolet-radiation-and-thyroid-cancer-risk-a-french-prospective-study
#4
Sylvie Mesrine, Marina Kvaskoff, Thierno Bah, Lucien Wald, Françoise Clavel-Chapelon, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault
BACKGROUND: Incidence rates have increased considerably worldwide for both differentiated thyroid cancer and cutaneous melanoma, and two-way associations between these neoplasms have been described. Whether melanoma risk factors are associated with thyroid cancer risk remains unknown. METHODS: Using Cox regression modeling, we prospectively analyzed the relationship between self-reported pigmentary traits, baseline residential ultraviolet (UV) exposure, and thyroid cancer risk in 86,960 women from the E3N cohort, followed-up over 1990-2008 through biennial questionnaires...
April 5, 2017: Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28248052/-endoscopic-removal-of-papillary-tumors-of-upper-urinary-tract
#5
G N Akopyan, Yu G Alyaev, A Z Vinarov, L M Rapoport, M A Gazimiev, D G Tsarichenko, E V Shpot, N I Sorokin, A M Dymov, A M Pshikhachev, V Yu Lekarev, G S Akopyan
AIM: To assess the results of organ-sparing endoscopic treatment of patients with tumors of the upper urinary tract (UUT). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty four patients underwent percutaneous and ureteropyeloscopic interventions for tumors of the upper urinary tract and were followed up at the Urology Clinic, I.M. Sechenov First MSMU. Retrograde removal of benign tumors of the renal pelvis and ureter (tumors sized from 5 to 35 mm), percutaneous removal of papillary carcinoma of renal pelvis of a solitary kidney, percutaneous removal of papillary carcinoma of renal pelvis of only one functioning kidney and percutaneous removal of papillary carcinoma of the lower calyx of the L-shaped kidney were performed in 21, 1, 1 and 1 patients, respectively...
December 2016: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28246983/comorbidity-profiles-among-women-with-postcoital-bleeding-a-nationwide-health-insurance-database
#6
Hsin-Li Liu, Chuan-Mei Chen, Lee-Wen Pai, Yueh-Juen Hwu, Horng-Mo Lee, Yueh-Chin Chung
PURPOSE: Most of the existing studies on postcoital bleeding (PCB) in Western countries. To date, no study has focused on the various PCB-related comorbidities in Taiwan women. This work aims to analyze and compare the presence or absence of PCB among Taiwanese women with gynecological comorbidity. METHODS: This study is a population-based retrospective cohort investigation. Outpatients with PCB after the index date were considered. A total of 2377 female patients with PCB (ICD-9 626...
February 28, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225965/dermatomyofibroma
#7
Orley Alvaro Campagnolo, Carlos Floriano de Morais, Marina Ochoa Ughini, Camile Mayumi Aoki, Marília Menegazzo
We report a case of dermatomyofibroma that, to our knowledge, is the second case reported in Brazil. About 100 cases have been reported worldwide. Dermatomyofibroma represents a rare, benign mesenchymal neoplasm of fibroblastic/myofibroblastic differentiation, with prolonged evolution and little or no symptoms. It most commonly occurs in young women and male children. Dermatomyofibroma can be easily confused with other clinical entities, which could lead to unnecessary treatments. Therefore, it is important that dermatologists and pediatricians suspect and start to consider this hypothesis in their diagnostic exercises...
January 2017: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28180018/case-report-of-four-different-primary-mesenteric-neoplasms-and-review-of-literature
#8
Yusuf Yagmur, Sami Akbulut, Serdar Gumus, Mehmet Babur, Mehmet Ali Can
INTRODUCTION: It is rare for primary tumors to arise from the mesentery. Lymphangiomas appear as congenital malformations of the lymphatic system or benign neoplasms as a large, thin-walled, often multilocular cyst. Mesenteric infiltration is common and during surgical treatment, adjustment of structures such as the bowel and resection of the spleen may be required. Cystic mesotheliomas are rare, benign tumors that originate from the peritoneal mesothelium and are more common in women...
October 2016: Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28170340/adrenocortical-neoplasms-in-adulthood-and-childhood-distinct-presentation-review-of-the-clinical-pathological-and-imaging-characteristics
#9
Andréa Farias de Melo-Leite, Paula Condé Lamparelli Elias, Sara Reis Teixeira, Silvio Tucci, Gyl Eanes Barros, Sonir R Antonini, Valdair Francisco Muglia, Jorge Elias
Adrenocortical tumors (ACT) in adulthood and childhood vary in clinical, histopathological, molecular, prognostic, and imaging aspects. ACT are relatively common in adults, as adenomas are often found incidentally on imaging. ACT are rare in children, though they have a significantly higher prevalence in the south and southeast regions of Brazil. In clinical manifestation, adults with ACT present more frequently with glucocorticoid overproduction (Cushing syndrome), mineralocorticoid syndromes (Conn syndrome), or the excess of androgens in women...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118554/thyroid-ultrasound-guided-fine-needle-aspiration-cytology-results-observed-increase-in-indeterminate-rate-over-the-past-decade
#10
Amy M Manning, Huaitao Yang, Mercedes Falciglia, Jonathan R Mark, David L Steward
Objectives To evaluate changes in distribution of reported thyroid nodule fine-needle aspiration (FNA) cytopathology results since implementation of the Bethesda classification and revised 2015 American Thyroid Association (ATA) guidelines for selecting nodules for biopsy. Study Design Retrospective review. Setting Tertiary academic medical center. Subjects and Methods Evaluation of ultrasound (US)-guided thyroid FNA by a single surgeon using 2015 ATA nodule selection criteria and Bethesda reporting on 211 thyroid nodules in a 1-year period (2015)...
April 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102088/hyperandrogenism-in-a-postmenopausal-woman-a-rare-case-of-ectopic-adrenal-cortical-gland
#11
Antonella Guarino, Luisa Di Benedetto, Valentina Giovanale, Gian Luca Rampioni Vinciguerra, Antonella Stoppacciaro, Filippo Bellati, Donatella Caserta
Most frequent causes of androgenic manifestation are Cushing's syndrome, PCO, benign and malignant androgen-secreting non adrenal tumors and iatrogenic hirsutism. Hyperplasia or neoplasms of ectopic adrenocortical gland are rare. We report a case of a 63-year old female with hirsutism and alopecia. Laboratory data highlighted increased levels of androgens. Diagnostic imaging revealed normal morphology of adrenocortical gland and ovaries. In view of the clinical picture and suspected diagnosis of extra-adrenal cause, she underwent bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy...
March 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053629/predictive-factors-for-upgrading-patients-with-benign-breast-papillary-lesions-using-a-core-needle-biopsy
#12
Young Ran Hong, Byung Joo Song, Sang Seol Jung, Bong Joo Kang, Sung Hun Kim, Byung Joo Chae
PURPOSE: Intraductal papilloma (IDP) is a benign breast disease with malignant potential, for which complete surgical excision is usually recommended. The aim of the present study was to investigate predictive factors for upgrading patients with a benign papillary lesion (BPL). METHODS: This study was an observational study using a prospectively collected cohort. In total, 13,049 patients who underwent a core needle biopsy (CNB) for a breast lesion between January 2009 and May 2015 were enrolled...
December 2016: Journal of Breast Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943373/most-thyroid-cancers-detected-by-sonography-lack-intranodular-vascularity-on-color-doppler-imaging-review-of-the-literature-and-sonographic-pathologic-correlations-for-698-thyroid-neoplasms
#13
Grace C H Yang, Karen O Fried
OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the controversy of whether hypervascularity on color Doppler sonography correlates with thyroid malignancy by reviewing the literature and sonographic-pathologic correlation. METHODS: Over a 20-year period, 698 thyroid nodules had color Doppler and histopathologic data. Intranodular vascularity was graded 0 to 3+, and histopathologic findings were recorded. RESULTS: The data were collected from 698 patients (557 women and 141 men) with a mean age of 48 years (range, 16-87 years)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27874206/spitz-nevi-and-other-spitzoid-neoplasms-in-children-overview-of-incidence-data-and-diagnostic-criteria
#14
REVIEW
Emi Dika, Giulia Maria Ravaioli, Pier Alessandro Fanti, Iria Neri, Annalisa Patrizi
Spitz nevi are benign melanocytic neoplasms characterized by epithelioid or spindle melanocytes or both. In some rare cases their presentation overlaps with the clinical and histopathologic features of malignant melanoma, so a differential diagnosis can be difficult to make. Intermediate forms between Spitz nevi and malignant melanoma, with unpredictable behavior, have been called atypical Spitz tumors. A literature search was performed to review the clinical, dermoscopic, genetic, and histopathologic aspects of spitzoid tumors...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27858099/-percutaneous-embolization-and-ultrasound-scissors-for-removal-of-a-carotid-body-tumor
#15
I I Venara-Vulpe, B Morisod, G B Morand, J-B Zerlauth, C Simon
Paragangliomas are highly vascularized usually benign neoplasms originating from the sympathoadrenal and parasympathetic paraganglia of the autonomic nervous system. When resectable, the management of these tumors consists of surgical ablation preceded by transarterial embolization. The aim of this article is to describe a novel treatment strategy combining intralesional percutaneous embolization with dissection using ultrasound scissors. The case of a 74-year-old women presenting with a Shamblin type III carotid body paraganglioma is presented...
December 2016: HNO
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27816717/pancreatic-serous-cystic-neoplasms-accompanying-other-pancreatic-tumors
#16
So-Woon Kim, In Hye Song, Soyeon An, So Yeon Kim, Hyoung Jung Kim, Ki-Byung Song, Dae Wook Hwang, Sang Soo Lee, Jae Ho Byun, Dong-Wan Seo, Song Cheol Kim, Eunsil Yu, Seung-Mo Hong
Serous cystic neoplasms (SCNs) are benign cystic neoplasms that predominantly occur in the tail of the pancreas in elderly women. It is well known that patients with von Hippel-Lindau syndrome can develop SCNs and neuroendocrine tumors in the pancreas. However, our understanding on SCNs accompanying other pancreatic tumors (SCNAOPTs) is limited. We compared the clinicopathologic features of 15 surgically resected SCNAOPTs with 259 conventional SCNs. The prevalence of SCNAOPT was 5%. The SCNAOPTs were significantly smaller than conventional solitary SCNs, and they were more commonly observed in the head of the pancreas, while conventional solitary SCNs were more frequently noted in the body and tail...
November 2, 2016: Human Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27806841/diagnostic-pitfalls-of-infarcted-warthin-tumor-in-frozen-section-evaluation
#17
Yaohong Tan, Oleksandr N Kryvenko, Darcy A Kerr, Jennifer R Chapman, Christina Kovacs, David J Arnold, Andrew E Rosenberg, Carmen R Gomez-Fernandez
Warthin tumor (WT) is the second most common benign salivary gland neoplasm and has characteristic cytologic and histologic findings. Fine-needle aspiration is a common and useful preoperative diagnostic technique, which sometimes leads to ischemic injury resulting in the infarction of these lesions. Infarcted WT may demonstrate variable gross and histologic alterations that may render the diagnosis challenging, particularly during intraoperative frozen section evaluation. In this study, we collected 11 resection specimens from 9 patients with infarcted WT...
December 2016: Annals of Diagnostic Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804932/-mucinous-cystic-liver-tumors-diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment
#18
P V Usyaky, V A Kubyshkin, V A Vishnevsky, Yu A Kovalenko, N A Karel'skaya, D V Kalinin, V S Demidova, A V Varlamov
AIM: To optimize diagnostics and treatment of cystic liver tumors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The analysis included outcomes of 46 patients with liver cystic tumors. RESULTS AND DISCUSSION: The use of abdominal Doppler-sonography (37 patients), abdominal contrast-enhanced CT (44 patients) and MRI of abdominal cavity with MR-cholangiography (24 patients) defined radiological semiotics of cystic liver diseases. The most important features of cystic tumors are intraluminal septums with blood flow (82% of patients), solid component (6...
2016: Khirurgiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27770388/risk-of-malignant-neoplasms-in-acromegaly-a-case-control-study
#19
K Wolinski, A Stangierski, K Dyrda, K Nowicka, M Pelka, A Iqbal, A Car, M Lazizi, N Bednarek, A Czarnywojtek, E Gurgul, M Ruchala
PURPOSE: Acromegaly is a chronic disease resulting from pathological oversecretion of growth hormone and subsequently insulin growth factor-1. Several complications of the disease have been reported, including cardiovascular diseases, respiratory disorders but also increased risk of benign and malignant neoplasms. The aim of the study was to evaluate the risk of malignant neoplasms in the patients with acromegaly in comparison with the control group. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Medical documentation of acromegalic patients treated in one medical center between 2005 and 2016 has been analyzed...
March 2017: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759594/the-association-of-peripheral-blood-regulatory-t-cell-concentrations-with-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-a-brief-report
#20
Rikki A Cannioto, Lara E Sucheston-Campbell, Shalaka Hampras, Ellen L Goode, Keith Knutson, Roberta Ness, Francesmary Modugno, Paul K Wallace, J Brian Szender, Paul Mayor, Chi-Chen Hong, Janine M Joseph, Grace Friel, Warren Davis, Mary Nesline, Kevin H Eng, Robert P Edwards, Bridget Kruszka, Kristina Schmitt, Kunle Odunsi, Kirsten B Moysich
OBJECTIVE: There is a mounting body of evidence demonstrating higher percentages of regulatory T (Treg) cells in the peripheral blood of patients with cancer in comparison to healthy controls, but there is a paucity of epidemiological literature characterizing circulating Treg cells among patients with epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). To investigate the role of peripheral Treg cells in ovarian neoplasms, we conducted a case-control study to characterize circulating concentrations of Treg cells among patients with EOC, women with benign ovarian conditions, and healthy controls without a history of cancer...
January 2017: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
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