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Pollo pollo

Rebecca Treiman, Brett Kessler, Tatiana Cury Pollo, Brian Byrne, Richard K Olson
Learning the orthographic forms of words is important for both spelling and reading. To determine whether some methods of scoring children's early spellings predict later spelling performance better than do other methods, we analyzed data from 374 U.S. and Australian children who took a 10-word spelling test at the end of kindergarten (mean age 6 years, 2 months) and a standardized spelling test approximately two years later. Surprisingly, scoring methods that took account of phonological plausibility did not outperform methods that were based only on orthographic correctness...
2016: Scientific Studies of Reading: the Official Journal of the Society for the Scientific Study of Reading
Ashesh Shah, Jérôme Coste, Jean-Jacques Lemaire, Ethan Taub, W M Michael Schüpbach, Claudio Pollo, Erik Schkommodau, Raphael Guzman, Simone Hemm-Ode
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery is extensively used in the treatment of movement disorders. Nevertheless, methods to evaluate the clinical response during intraoperative stimulation tests to identify the optimal position for the implantation of the chronic DBS lead remain subjective. In this paper, we describe a new, versatile method for quantitative intraoperative evaluation of improvement in tremor with an acceleration sensor that is mounted on the patient's wrist during surgery. At each anatomical test position, the improvement in tremor compared to the initial tremor is estimated on the basis of extracted outcome measures...
September 8, 2016: Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing
E Solfaroli Camillocci, M Schiariti, V Bocci, A Carollo, G Chiodi, M Colandrea, F Collamati, M Cremonesi, R Donnarumma, M E Ferrari, P Ferroli, F Ghielmetti, C M Grana, C Mancini Terracciano, M Marafini, S Morganti, M Patanè, G Pedroli, B Pollo, L Recchia, A Russomando, M Toppi, G Traini, R Faccini
PURPOSE: A radio-guided surgery technique with β(-)-emitting radio-tracers was suggested to overcome the effect of the large penetration of γ radiation. The feasibility studies in the case of brain tumors and abdominal neuro-endocrine tumors were based on simulations starting from PET images with several underlying assumptions. This paper reports, as proof-of-principle of this technique, an ex vivo test on a meningioma patient. This test allowed to validate the whole chain, from the evaluation of the SUV of the tumor, to the assumptions on the bio-distribution and the signal detection...
September 2016: Physica Medica: PM
Cristina Richichi, Daniela Osti, Massimiliano Del Bene, Lorenzo Fornasari, Monica Patanè, Bianca Pollo, Francesco DiMeco, Giuliana Pelicci
Glioblastoma (GBM) is maintained by a small subpopulation of tumor-initiating cells (TICs). The arduous assessment of TIC frequencies challenges the prognostic role of TICs in predicting the clinical outcome in GBM patients. We estimated the TIC frequency in human GBM injecting intracerebrally in mice dissociated cells without any passage in culture.All GBMs contained rare TICsand were tumorigenic in vivo but only 54% of them grew in vitro as neurospheres. We demonstrated that neurosphere formation in vitro did not foretell tumorigenic ability in vivo and frequencies calculated in vitro overestimated the TIC content...
August 25, 2016: Oncotarget
Camila Fernandes Pollo Maranzatto, Hélio Amante Miot, Luciane Donida Bartoli Miot, Silmara Meneguin
BACKGROUND: Although asymptomatic, melasma inflicts significant impact on quality of life. MELASQoL is the main instrument used to assess quality of life associated with melasma, it has been validated in several languages, but its latent dimensional structure and psychometric properties haven´t been fully explored. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate psychometric characteristics, information and dimensional structure of the Brazilian version of MELASQoL. METHODS: Survey with patients with facial melasma through socio-demographic questionnaire, DLQI-BRA, MASI and MELASQoL-BP, exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, internal consistency of MELASQoL and latent dimensions (Cronbach's alpha)...
July 2016: Anais Brasileiros de Dermatologia
Fabiana Roberta Segura, Emilene Arusievicz Nunes, Fernanda Pollo Paniz, Ana Carolina Cavalheiro Paulelli, Gabriela Braga Rodrigues, Gilberto Úbida Leite Braga, Walter Dos Reis Pedreira Filho, Fernando Barbosa, Giselle Cerchiaro, Fábio Ferreira Silva, Bruno Lemos Batista
On November 5th, 2015, Samarco's iron mine dam - called Fundão - spilled 50-60 million m(3) of mud into Gualaxo do Norte, a river that belongs to Rio Doce Basin. Approximately 15 km(2) were flooded along the rivers Gualaxo do Norte, Carmo and Doce, reaching the Atlantic Ocean on November 22nd, 2015. Six days after, our group collected mud, soil and water samples in Bento Rodrigues (Minas Gerais, Brazil), which was the first impacted area. Overall, the results, water samples - potable and surface water from river - presented chemical elements concentration according to Brazilian environmental legislations, except silver concentration in surface water that ranged from 1...
November 2016: Environmental Pollution
Favio E Pollo, Pablo R Grenat, Manuel A Otero, Nancy E Salas, Adolfo L Martino
Non-lethal biological techniques such as blood biomarkers have gained attention due to their value as early signals of anthropic effects of contamination representing significant tools to evaluate ecosystems health. We evaluate and characterize in situ genotoxicity of water samples collected from aquatic ecosystems around a fluorite mine using amphibian frogs Hypsiboas cordobae as bioindicator species complemented with 16 physicochemical parameters. Four stations associated with fluorite mine sampling were sampled: a stream running on granitic rock with natural high fluorite content; two streams both running on metamorphic rock with low fluorite content; and an artificial decantation pond containing sediments produced by fluorite flotation process with high variation in physicochemical parameters...
November 2016: Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety
Kaspar Schindler, Christian Rummel, Ralph G Andrzejak, Marc Goodfellow, Frédéric Zubler, Eugenio Abela, Roland Wiest, Claudio Pollo, Andreas Steimer, Heidemarie Gast
OBJECTIVE: To show that time-irreversible EEG signals recorded with intracranial electrodes during seizures can serve as markers of the epileptogenic zone. METHODS: We use the recently developed method of mapping time series into directed horizontal graphs (dHVG). Each node of the dHVG represents a time point in the original intracranial EEG (iEEG) signal. Statistically significant differences between the distributions of the nodes' number of input and output connections are used to detect time-irreversible iEEG signals...
September 2016: Clinical Neurophysiology: Official Journal of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology
G Simonetti, Paola Gaviani, E Lamperti, A Innocenti, A Botturi, M Saini, B Pollo, A Silvani
Medulloblastomas and high-grade gliomas (HGG) are two distinct brain tumor, with different peculiarities in terms of age of onset, localizations and prognosis. The coexistence of the two neoplasms in the same adult patient is an extremely rare event. We present the case of a woman treated with radio-chemotherapy for an HGG, who developed a cerebellar medulloblastoma 7 years later. Considering the poor prognosis of these tumors, the lack of knowledge about the mechanisms of onset as well as effective therapies, it is necessary to determine the exact role of irradiation and the presence of any potential molecular genetic abnormalities in the developing of the two tumors...
October 2016: Neurological Sciences
Stephen M J Pollo, Rhianna Charchuk, Camilla L Nesbø
Here, we announce the draft genome sequences of two thermophilic Thermotogae bacteria: Kosmotoga sp. strain DU53, isolated from a continental oil reservoir, and Kosmotoga arenicorallina, isolated from hydrothermal sediments. The sequences will provide further insight into evolution of the Kosmotogales.
2016: Genome Announcements
Maura Massimino, Rosalba Miceli, Felice Giangaspero, Luna Boschetti, Piergiorgio Modena, Manila Antonelli, Paolo Ferroli, Daniele Bertin, Emilia Pecori, Laura Valentini, Veronica Biassoni, Maria Luisa Garrè, Elisabetta Schiavello, Iacopo Sardi, Armando Cama, Elisabetta Viscardi, Giovanni Scarzello, Silvia Scoccianti, Maurizio Mascarin, Lucia Quaglietta, Giuseppe Cinalli, Barbara Diletto, Lorenzo Genitori, Paola Peretta, Anna Mussano, Annamaria Buccoliero, Giuseppina Calareso, Salvina Barra, Angela Mastronuzzi, Carlo Giussani, Carlo Efisio Marras, Rita Balter, Patrizia Bertolini, Ermanno Giombelli, Milena La Spina, Francesca R Buttarelli, Bianca Pollo, Lorenza Gandola
BACKGROUND: This prospective study stratified patients by surgical resection (complete = NED vs incomplete = ED) and centrally reviewed histology (World Health Organization [WHO] grade II vs III). METHODS: WHO grade II/NED patients received focal radiotherapy (RT) up to 59.4 Gy with 1.8 Gy/day. Grade III/NED received 4 courses of VEC (vincristine, etoposide, cyclophosphamide) after RT. ED patients received 1-4 VEC courses, second-look surgery, and 59.4 Gy followed by an 8-Gy boost in 2 fractions on still measurable residue...
October 2016: Neuro-oncology
Cézane Priscila Reuter, Miria Suzana Burgos, Joana Carolina Bernhard, Debora Tornquist, Elisa Inês Klinger, Tássia Silvana Borges, Jane Dagmar Pollo Renner, Andréia Rosane de Moura Valim, Elza Daniel de Mello
OBJECTIVE: To determine the association between overweight/obesity in schoolchildren with FTO rs9939609 polymorphism (fatmass and obesity associated) and family history of obesity. METHODS: Cross-sectional study comprising a sample of 406 children aged 7-17 years in a city in southern Brazil. Overweight/obesity in schoolchildren was assessed by body mass index (BMI), and family history of obesity was self-reported by parents. Polymorphism genotyping was performed by real time PCR (polymerase chain reaction)...
September 2016: Jornal de Pediatria
Benoit Jenny, Nicolas Smoll, Yassine El Hassani, Shahan Momjian, Claudio Pollo, Christian M Korff, Margitta Seeck, Karl Schaller
OBJECTIVE Like adults, many children suffering from intractable seizures benefit from surgical therapy. Although various reports indicate that early intervention may avoid severe developmental consequences often associated with intractable epilepsy, surgery is still considered a last option for many children. In this retrospective study, the authors aimed to determine whether pediatric epilepsy surgery, in particular during the first years of life, relates to measurable benefits. METHODS Data from 78 patients (age range 5 months to 17 years) who underwent epilepsy surgery at the Geneva and Lausanne University Hospitals between 1997 and 2012 were reviewed retrospectively...
August 2016: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
Dinorah González-Castell, Teresita González de Cosío, Sonia Rodríguez-Ramírez, Leticia Escobar-Zaragoza
Introducción: los estudios en consumo dietético infantil no se enfocan generalmente al tipo de líquidos consumidos.Objetivo: documentar los líquidos presentes en la dieta de infantes mexicanos < 1 año, participantes en la Encuesta Nacional de Salud y Nutrición 2012 (ENSANUT-2012) de acuerdo a su edad y lactancia.Métodos: se analizaron las prácticas de alimentación de infantes < 1 año de la ENSANUT-2012 en niños no amamantados (no-A) y amamantados (A) determinado por status quo para el consumo de líquidos agrupados en: agua, fórmula, leche fortificada LICONSA, líquidos nutritivos (LN; atole con agua o leche y café con leche) y líquidos no-nutritivos (Lno-N): agua endulzada, bebidas a base de agua, tes, caldos de frijol o pollo, aguamiel y café con agua...
2016: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Laura Mercurio, Maria Antonietta Ajmone-Cat, Serena Cecchetti, Alessandro Ricci, Giuseppina Bozzuto, Agnese Molinari, Isabella Manni, Bianca Pollo, Stefania Scala, Giulia Carpinelli, Luisa Minghetti
BACKGROUND: The CXCL12/CXCR4 pathway regulates tumor cell proliferation, metastasis, angiogenesis and the tumor-microenvironment cross-talk in several solid tumors, including glioblastoma (GBM), the most common and fatal brain cancer. In the present study, we evaluated the effects of peptide R, a new specific CXCR4 antagonist that we recently developed by a ligand-based approach, in an in vitro and in vivo model of GBM. The well-characterized CXCR4 antagonist Plerixafor was also included in the study...
2016: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research: CR
A R Kurek, T Pięta, T Stebel, A Pollo, A Popowicz
The quantum telescope is a recent idea aimed at beating the diffraction limit of spaceborne telescopes and possibly other distant target imaging systems. There is no agreement yet on the best setup of such devices, but some configurations have already been proposed. In this Letter we characterize the predicted performance of quantum telescopes and their possible limitations. Our extensive simulations confirm that the presented model of such instruments is feasible and the device can provide considerable gains in the angular resolution of imaging in the UV, optical, and infrared bands...
March 15, 2016: Optics Letters
Francesco Prada, Massimiliano Del Bene, Riccardo Fornaro, Ignazio G Vetrano, Alberto Martegani, Luca Aiani, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Giovanni Mauri, Luigi Solbiati, Bianca Pollo, Francesco DiMeco
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the capability of contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) to identify residual tumor mass during glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) surgery, to increase the extent of resection. METHODS: The authors prospectively evaluated 10 patients who underwent surgery for GBM removal with navigated ultrasound guidance. Navigated B-mode and CEUS were performed prior to resection, during resection, and after complete tumor resection. Areas suspected for residual tumors on B-mode and CEUS studies were localized within the surgical field with navigated ultrasound and samples were sent separately for histopathological analysis to confirm tumor presence...
March 2016: Neurosurgical Focus
Cézane Priscila Reuter, Priscila Tatiana da Silva, Jane Dagmar Pollo Renner, Elza Daniel de Mello, Andréia Rosane de Moura Valim, Luiza Pasa, Rafaela da Silva, Miria Suzana Burgos
BACKGROUND: Both poor aerobic fitness and obesity, separately, are associated with abnormal lipid profiles. OBJECTIVE: To identify possible relationships of dyslipidemia with cardiorespiratory fitness and obesity, evaluated together, in children and adolescents. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 1,243 children and adolescents (563 males and 680 females) between 7 and 17 years of age from 19 schools. Obesity was assessed using body mass index (BMI) measurements, and cardiorespiratory fitness was determined via a 9-minute run/walk test...
March 2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
Viviane Pollo, Danielle Dionízio, Edwa Maria Bucuvic, João Henrique Castro, Daniela Ponce
Introduction Thrombosis of tunneled central venous catheters (CVC) in hemodialysis (HD) patients is common and it can lead to the elimination of vascular sites. To compare the efficacy of alteplase vs. urokinase in reestablishing adequate blood flow through completely occluded vascular catheters. Methods In this randomized study, patients with completely occluded tunneled HD catheters received 40 minutes intracatheter dwell with alteplase (1 mg/mL) or urokinase (5000 IU/mL). Primary endpoint was the proportion of patients with occluded catheters achieving post-thrombolytic blood flow of ≥250 mL/min...
July 2016: Hemodialysis International
Helena Medina Cruz, Leticia de Paula Scalioni, Vanessa Salete de Paula, Elisangela Ferreira da Silva, Kycia Maria Rodrigues do Ó, Flavio Augusto Pádua Milagres, Marcelo Santos Cruz, Francisco Inácio Bastos, Priscila Pollo-Flores, Erotildes Leal, Ana Rita Coimbra Motta-Castro, José Henrique Pilotto, Lia Laura Lewis-Ximenez, Elisabeth Lampe, Livia Melo Villar
BACKGROUND: Rapid tests (RTs) might have several advantages over standard laboratory procedures, increasing access to diagnosis, especially among vulnerable populations and/or those living in remote areas. The aim of this study was to evaluate the performance of RTs for the detection of hepatitis B virus surface antigen (HBsAg) in samples from different populations/settings. METHODS: Three RTs for HBsAg detection (Vikia® HBsAg, HBsAg Teste Rápido®, and Imuno-Rápido HBsAg®) and different biological specimens (serum, whole blood, and saliva) were evaluated...
2015: BMC Infectious Diseases
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