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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728320/temple-and-postauricular-dissection-in-face-and-neck-lift-surgery
#1
Joo Heon Lee, Tae Suk Oh, Sung Wan Park, Jae Hoon Kim, Tanvaa Tansatit
Periauricular paresthesia may afflict patients for a significant amount of time after facelift surgery. When performing face and neck lift surgery, temple and posterior auricular flap dissection is undertaken directly over the auriculotemporal, great auricular, and lesser occipital nerve territory, leading to potential damage to the nerve. The auriculotemporal nerve remains under the thin outer superficial fascia just below the subfollicular level in the prehelical area. To prevent damage to the auriculotemporal nerve and to protect the temporal hair follicle, the dissection plane should be kept just above the thin fascia covering the auriculotemporal nerve...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728202/-pyogenic-liver-abscess-changes-of-organisms-and-consequences-for-diagnosis-and-therapy
#2
Alexander Mischnik, Winfried Vincenz Kern, Robert Thimme
Liver abscess is a rare but potentially fatal disease with mortality rates of 2 - 12 %. The spectrum of causative microorganisms varies across the world and is changing due to increasing worldwide travel activity. As a result, previously less frequent pathogens must increasingly be considered in the differential diagnosis. The most common pathogens of liver abscess are so-called abscess streptococci, anaerobes and Gram-negative bacteria such as Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae. Certain clones among the Gram-negatives, typically among Klebsiella spp...
July 2017: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728062/investigation-of-factors-affecting-the-injury-severity-of-single-vehicle-rollover-crashes-a-random-effects-generalized-ordered-probit-model
#3
Alireza Jafari Anarkooli, Mehdi Hosseinpour, Adele Kardar
Rollover crashes are responsible for a notable number of serious injuries and fatalities; hence, they are of great concern to transportation officials and safety researchers. However, only few published studies have analyzed the factors associated with severity outcomes of rollover crashes. This research has two objectives. The first objective is to investigate the effects of various factors, of which some have been rarely reported in the existing studies, on the injury severities of single-vehicle (SV) rollover crashes based on six-year crash data collected on the Malaysian federal roads...
July 17, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727647/surgical-anatomy-of-the-uterosacral-ligament-colpopexy
#4
Lauren N Siff, Karl Jallad, Lisa C Hickman, Mark D Walters
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to describe the relationship of the uterosacral ligament (USL) to the ureter and rectum along a surgeon's target location for suture placement under conditions simulating live surgery. METHODS: Dissections were performed in 11 unembalmed female cadavers. Steps were taken to identify the USL simulating USL colpopexy. Pins were placed in the midportion of the USL at the level of the IS, and at 1-cm, 2-cm, and 3-cm increments traveling proximally toward the sacrum (Fig...
July 20, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727329/-fever-and-rash-in-the-adult-patient
#5
Stéphanie D'incau, Dan Lebowitz, Laurence Toutous-Trellu, Gilles Eperon, Benedikt Huttner
Fever with rash is a frequent reason for consultation. A detailed medical history and thorough physical examination are essential since laboratory tests often lack specificity. Certain infectious and non-infectious causes are considered medical emergencies and must always be investigated upon initial evaluation. In the case of a history of recent travel the differential diagnosis has to be broadened but it should not be forgotten that resurgent « childhood » viral diseases like measles can be acquired while traveling...
April 12, 2017: Revue Médicale Suisse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727136/a-multidimensional-view-of-racial-differences-in-access-to-prostate-cancer-care
#6
Craig Evan Pollack, Katrina A Armstrong, Nandita Mitra, Xinwei Chen, Katelyn R Ward, Archana Radhakrishnan, Michelle S Wong, Justin E Bekelman, Charles C Branas, Karin V Rhodes, David T Grande
BACKGROUND: Racial disparities in prostate cancer treatment and outcomes are widespread and poorly understood. In the current study, the authors sought to determine whether access to care, measured across multiple dimensions, contributed to racial differences in prostate cancer. METHODS: The Philadelphia Area Prostate Cancer Access Study (P(2) Access) included 2374 men diagnosed with localized prostate cancer between 2012 and 2014. Men were surveyed to assess their experiences accessing care (response rate of 51...
July 20, 2017: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726691/an-exploratory-study-of-the-effects-of-stormwater-pipeline-materials-on-transported-stormwater-quality
#7
Matthias Borris, Heléne Österlund, Jiri Marsalek, Maria Viklander
Implications of three sewer pipe materials (concrete, galvanized corrugated steel, and polyvinyl chloride (PVC)) for stormwater quality were explored in laboratory experiments, in which three types of stormwater, SW1-SW3, were circulated in 0.5 m long sewer pipe sections. SW1 and SW2 represented synthetic rainwater, without and with fine street sediment added (CTSS = 150 mg/L), respectively, and SW3 was actual stormwater with the same sediment addition as SW2. Following 20-min runs, with an equivalent distance of 500 m travelled by water particles, a number of statistically significant changes in the stormwater chemistry were observed: (i) pH of all the simulated stormwaters increased in the concrete pipe (from 7...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726623/candidatus-dirofilaria-hongkongensis-as-causative-agent-of-human-ocular-filariosis-after-travel-to-india
#8
Stefan Winkler, Andreas Pollreisz, Michael Georgopoulos, Zsuzsanna Bagò-Horvath, Herbert Auer, Kelvin Kai-Wang To, Jürgen Krücken, Sven Poppert, Julia Walochnik
We report a human case of ocular Dirofilaria infection in a traveler returning to Austria from India. Analysis of mitochondrial sequences identified the worm as Candidatus Dirofilaria hongkongensis, a close relative of Dirofilaria repens, which was only recently described in Hong Kong and proposed as a new species.
August 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726467/the-importance-of-the-neighborhood-in-the-2014-ebola-outbreak-in-the-united-states-distress-worry-and-functioning
#9
Rupa Jose, E Alison Holman, Roxane Cohen Silver
OBJECTIVE: Ebola media coverage directed public attention to potential disease carriers: residents or travelers from West Africa. We investigated the role of neighborhood population factors (i.e., the concentration of West African foreigners, non-West African foreigners, non-Hispanic Blacks) on individual responses to the Ebola outbreak in the United States. The role of these community-level factors in emotional responses to this public health crisis is poorly understood. METHOD: Demographic factors, mental health, and stressful event history, collected as part of an ongoing longitudinal study of residents from 2 metropolitan communities (New York City and Boston, total N = 1,346), were combined with neighborhood data from the U...
July 20, 2017: Health Psychology: Official Journal of the Division of Health Psychology, American Psychological Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725562/pleural-empyema-and-streptococcal-toxic-shock-syndrome-due-to-streptococcus-pyogenes-in-a-healthy-spanish-traveler-in-japan
#10
Tetsuya Sakai, Daisuke Taniyama, Saeko Takahashi, Morio Nakamura, Takashi Takahashi
Group A Streptococcus (GAS, Streptococcus pyogenes) causes invasive infections including streptococcal toxic shock syndrome (STSS) and local infections. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a case of an invasive GAS infection with pneumonia and pleural empyema (PE) followed by STSS (disseminated intravascular coagulation [DIC] and acute renal insufficiency) in a healthy male adult. He received combined supportive therapies of PE drainage, anti-DIC agent, hemodialysis, and antimicrobials and eventually made a clinical recovery...
2017: IDCases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725545/a-severe-transmissible-majocchi-s-granuloma-in-an-immunocompetent-returned-traveler
#11
James G Gallo, Marion Woods, Rikki M Graham, Amy V Jennison
Severe dermatophyte infection is rare in immunocompetent adults. Recently cases have been described in travelers returning from South East Asia (Luchsinger et al., 2015) [1]. These may be sexually transmitted and can have permanent sequelae. We describe the first reported case of Majocchi's granuloma (MG) in an Australian returned traveler and its subsequent transmission via sexual contact. Both patients were successfully treated with systemic antifungals. MG should be considered in patients with severe rash after travel to South East Asia...
December 2017: Medical Mycology Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725435/biogeophysical-and-physiological-processes-drive-movement-patterns-in-a-marine-predator
#12
Lucy A Howey, Bradley M Wetherbee, Emily R Tolentino, Mahmood S Shivji
BACKGROUND: Blue sharks (Prionace glauca) are among the most abundant and widely distributed of oceanic elasmobranchs. Millions are taken annually in pelagic longline fisheries and comprise the highest component of auctioned fin weight in the international shark fin trade. Though studies of blue sharks outnumber those of other large pelagic sharks, the species' complicated and sexually segregated life history still confound current understanding of Atlantic movement patterns. Lack of detailed information regarding movement and vertical behavior continues to limit management efforts that require such data for stock assessment and sustainable catch modeling...
2017: Movement Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724784/representing-delayed-force-feedback-as-a-combination-of-current-and-delayed-states
#13
Guy Avraham, Firas Mawase, Amir Karniel, Lior Shmuelof, Opher Donchin, Ferdinando A Mussa-Ivaldi, Ilana Nisky
To adapt to deterministic force perturbations that depend on the current state of the hand, internal representations are formed to capture the relationships between forces experienced and motion. However, information from multiple modalities travels at different rates, resulting in intermodal delays that require compensation for these internal representations to develop. To understand how these delays are represented by the brain, we presented participants with delayed velocity-dependent force fields; i.e., forces that depend on hand velocity either 70 or 100 ms beforehand...
July 19, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724543/cervical-cancer-screening-in-rural-bhutan-with-the-carehpv-test-on-self-collected-samples-an-ongoing-cross-sectional-population-based-study-reach-bhutan
#14
Iacopo Baussano, Sangay Tshering, Tashi Choden, Fulvio Lazzarato, Vanessa Tenet, Martyn Plummer, Silvia Franceschi, Gary M Clifford, Ugyen Tshomo
OBJECTIVES: The Bhutanese Screening Programme recommends a Pap smear every 3 years for women aged 25-65 years, and coverage ranges from 20% to 60%, being especially challenging in rural settings. The 'REACH-Bhutan' study was conducted to assess the feasibility and outcomes of a novel approach to cervical cancer screening in rural Bhutan. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, population-based study of cervical cancer screening based on the careHPV test on self-collected samples...
July 19, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723936/social-sensing-of-urban-land-use-based-on-analysis-of-twitter-users-mobility-patterns
#15
Aiman Soliman, Kiumars Soltani, Junjun Yin, Anand Padmanabhan, Shaowen Wang
A number of recent studies showed that digital footprints around built environments, such as geo-located tweets, are promising data sources for characterizing urban land use. However, challenges for achieving this purpose exist due to the volume and unstructured nature of geo-located social media. Previous studies focused on analyzing Twitter data collectively resulting in coarse resolution maps of urban land use. We argue that the complex spatial structure of a large collection of tweets, when viewed through the lens of individual-level human mobility patterns, can be simplified to a series of key locations for each user, which could be used to characterize urban land use at a higher spatial resolution...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723915/key-findings-from-a-prospective-trauma-registry-at-a-regional-hospital-in-southwest-cameroon
#16
Alain Chichom-Mefire, Obieze C Nwanna-Nzewunwa, Vincent Verla Siysi, Isabelle Feldhaus, Rochelle Dicker, Catherine Juillard
INTRODUCTION: Trauma is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Data characterizing the burden of trauma in Cameroon is limited. Regular, prospective injury surveillance can address the shortcomings of existing hospital administrative logs and medical records. This study aims to characterize trauma as seen at the emergency department (ED) of Limbe Regional Hospital (LRH) and assess the completeness of data obtained by a trauma registry. METHODS AND FINDINGS: From January 2008 to October 2013, we prospectively captured data on injured patients using a strategically designed, context-relevant trauma registry instrument...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723604/possible-joint-involvement-of-the-cochlea-and-semicircular-canals-in-the-perception-of-low-frequency-tinnitus-also-called-the-hum-or-taos-hum
#17
Franz Gunter Frosch
INTRODUCTION: "The hum" or "Taos hum" are common terms of a tinnitus with three remarkable features. OBJECTIVE: A possible common background is reevaluated for the three features of the hum: being sensitive on sound, head rotation, and long-distance air travel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Questionnaires that were originally developed by Frosch were recalculated concerning the question of hum interactions with sounds. The question was split into the two affirmative answers a) "masking", which corresponds to the overrule of the hum by a sound, and b) "beats", which correspond to a nonlinear interaction with the hum as a Van der Pol-like oscillator...
June 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722637/schistosomiasis-in-european-travelers-and-migrants-analysis-of-14-years-tropnet-surveillance-data
#18
Tilman Lingscheid, Florian Kurth, Jan Clerinx, Stefania Marocco, Begoña Trevino, Mirjam Schunk, José Muñoz, Ida E Gjørup, Tomas Jelinek, Michel Develoux, Graham Fry, Thomas Jänisch, Matthias L Schmid, Olivier Bouchaud, Sabino Puente, Lorenzo Zammarchi, Kristine Mørch, Anders Björkman, Heli Siikamäki, Andreas Neumayr, Henrik Nielsen, Urban Hellgren, Malgorzata Paul, Guido Calleri, Pavel Kosina, Bjørn Myrvang, José M Ramos, Gudrun Just-Nübling, Anna Beltrame, José Saraiva da Cunha, Peter Kern, Laurence Rochat, August Stich, Peter Pongratz, Martin P Grobusch, Norbert Suttorp, Martin Witzenrath, Christoph Hatz, Thomas Zoller, TropNet Schistosomiasis Investigator Group
Schistosomiasis remains one of the most prevalent parasitic diseases worldwide and the infection is frequently found in travelers and migrants. The European Network for Tropical Medicine and Travel Health conducted a sentinel surveillance study on imported schistosomiasis between 1997 and 2010. This report summarizes epidemiological and clinical data from 1,465 cases of imported schistosomiasis. Direct pathogen detection and serology were the main diagnostic tools applied. Of these, 486 (33%) cases were identified among European travelers, 231 (16%) among long-term expatriates, and 748 (51%) among non-European immigrants...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722620/case-report-infectious-diseases-in-pilgrims-visiting-the-holy-land
#19
Orna Nitzan, Arnon Blum, Esther Marva, Adina Katz, Bat-Sheva Tzadok, Yaarit Nachum-Biala, Gad Baneth, Avi Peretz
Every year Christian pilgrims from around the world visit the holy sites located around the Sea of Galilee. Some become ill during their stay with infectious diseases that were acquired in their country of origin, and are hospitalized at Poriya Medical Center. They pose a diagnostic challenge due to language barriers, the rarity of these infections in Israel, and the fact that diagnostic tests are not readily available. All patient records from 2015 of Holy Land tourists hospitalized at Poriya Medical Center were screened for the diagnosis of imported zoonotic diseases that are not commonly diagnosed in Israel...
May 30, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722617/case-report-disseminated-shewanella-algae-infection-with-meningoencephalitis-in-a-traveler-secondary-to-marine-injury-in-madagascar
#20
Caroline Brulliard, Nicolas Traversier, Jérôme Allyn, Christopher Schaeffer, Bruno Bouchet, Nicolas Allou
Marine microorganisms such as Shewanella spp., Vibrio spp., and Aeromonas spp. can cause sepsis secondary to a wound infection in the context of swimming. These microorganisms are most often susceptible to fluoroquinolones. Here, we report a unique case of Shewanella algae bacteremia associated with meningoencephalitis and disseminated via hematogenous spread secondary to a skin injury. The patient suffered the injury while swimming in saline water during a cruise holiday in Madagascar, and she was initially treated with amoxicillin...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
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