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Qiang Lv, Fenglei Luo, Xiaoyong Zhao, Yu Liu, Guibing Hu, Chongde Sun, Xian Li, Kunsong Chen
Content of total proanthocyanidins as well as total phenolics, flavonoids, antioxidant activities were evaluated for litchi (Litchi chinensis Sonn.) pulp of 32 cultivars. One cultivar, Hemaoli, showed the highest total proanthocyanidins and total phenolics, and DPPH or ABTS radical scavenging activities. ESI-MS and NMR analysis of the Hemaoli pulp crude extracts (HPCE) showed that procyandins composed of (epi)catechin unites with degree of polymerization (DP) of 2-6 were dominant proanthocyanidins in HPCE. After the HPCE was fractionated by a Sephadex LH-20 column, 32 procyanidins were identified by LC-ESI-Q-TOF-MS in litchi pulp for the first time...
2015: PloS One
Moon-Moo Kim
BACKGROUND: Procyanidins are a subclass of flavonoids and consist of oligomers of catechin that naturally occur in plants and are known to exert many physiological effects, including antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and enzyme inhibitory effects. These possible inhibitory effects of the procyanidins were known to involve metal chelation, radical trapping, or direct enzyme binding. PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of procyandin oligomers on hair damage induced by oxidative stress...
February 2011: Skin Research and Technology
Zory Quinde-Axtell, Byung-Kee Baik
Barley grains contain significant amounts of phenolic compounds that may play a major role in the discoloration of food products. Phenolic acid and proanthocyanidin (PA) composition of 11 barley genotypes were determined, using high-performance liquid chromatography and liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry, and their significance on food discoloration was evaluated. Abraded grains contained 146-410 microg/g of phenolic acids (caffeic, p-coumaric, and ferulic) in hulled barley and 182-282 microg/g in hulless barley...
December 27, 2006: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Narayanan Nair, Supriya Mahajan, Ram Chawda, Chithan Kandaswami, Thomas C Shanahan, Stanley A Schwartz
Although flavonoids manifest a diverse range of biological activities, including antitumor and antiviral effects, the molecular mechanisms underlying these activities await elucidation. We hypothesize that the flavonoid constituents of a proprietary grape seed extract (GSE) that contains procyandins exert significant antiviral and antitumor effects, by inducing production of the Th1-derived cytokine gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) by peripheral blood mononuclear cells) from healthy donors. Our results show that GSE significantly induced the transcription of IFN-gamma mRNA as demonstrated by reverse transcription-PCR but had no effect on the Th2-derived cytokine interleukin-6...
March 2002: Clinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology
H Moini, G Rimbach, L Packer
There is a growing interest in the utilization of procyanidins for their dietary and pharmacological properties. A wide spectrum of beneficial activity for human health has been advocated for procyanidins due, in part, to their strong antioxidant activity. More recently the ability of procyanidins to affect gene expression and cell response in vitro has been reported, providing a novel mechanistic perspective on the biological activity of these phytochemicals. This article reviews recent cellular and molecular aspects of the biological activity of procyandins and discusses their disease preventative and therapeutic potentials...
2000: Drug Metabolism and Drug Interactions
L Packer, G Rimbach, F Virgili
There is growing interest in the biologic activities of plant extracts such as that obtained from the bark of the French maritime pine Pinus maritima, Pycnogenol. Pycnogenol (PYC) is a standardized extract composed of a mixture of flavonoids, mainly procyandins and phenolic acids. Studies indicate that PYC components are highly bioavailable. Uniquely PYC displays greater biologic effects as a mixture than its purified components do individually indicating that the components interact synergistically. PYC has been reported to have cardiovascular benefits, such as a vasorelaxant activity, angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibiting activity, and the ability to enhance the microcirculation by increasing capillary permeability...
September 1999: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
S S Chatterjee, E Koch, H Jaggy, T Krzeminski
Cardioprotective effects of a standardized extract from leaves with flowers of Crataegus (WS-1442; content of oligomeric procyandins [OPC]: 18.75%) have recently been demonstrated in an ischemia-reperfusion model in rats. Further studies were now conducted to clarify the mechanism of action and to identify active constituents involved in these effects of WS-1442. Exhausting partitioning between ethyl acetate/water and successive ultrafiltration of the aqueous layer led to the quantitative recovery of three fractions, which were tested for their in vitro radical scavenging (RS) and human neutrophil elastase (HNE) inhibitory activity...
July 1997: Arzneimittel-Forschung
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