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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212174/melatonin-attenuates-hypoxia-induced-epithelial-mesenchymal-transition-and-cell-aggressive-via-smad7-ccl20-in-glioma
#1
Xueran Chen, Zhen Wang, Huihui Ma, Shangrong Zhang, Haoran Yang, Hongzhi Wang, Zhiyou Fang
Tumor recurrence in gliomas is partly attributed to increased epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and enhanced tumor cell dissemination in the adjacent brain parenchyma. Thus, exploring effective strategies for against EMT-like changes in glioma invasion and recurrence will be important for glioma treatment. In this study, we investigated the roles of melatonin in hypoxia-induced EMT suppression, and found that melatonin could significantly suppress the release of the cytokine, CCL20, from cancer cells and antagonize glioma cell metastasis and invasion under hypoxic stress in glioma cells...
November 7, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202812/celastrol-improves-self-renewal-and-differentiation-of-human-tendon-derived-stem-cells-by-suppressing-smad7-through-hypoxia
#2
Tianyi Wu, Shenghe Liu, Gen Wen, Jia Xu, Yaling Yu, Yimin Chai
BACKGROUND: We aimed to evaluate the potential enhancing effect of celastrol on the stemness of human tendon-derived stem cells (hTSCs) in vitro and the underlying molecular mechanisms. METHODS: The capability of hTSC self-renewal was assessed by cell proliferation and colony formation as determined with the CCK-8 kit. Adipogenesis, chondrogenesis, and osteogenesis were determined by Oil Red O, Alcian Blue, and Alizarin Red staining, respectively. The relative mRNA levels of Sox9, PPARγ, Runx2, Smad7, and HIF1α were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR)...
December 4, 2017: Stem Cell Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201188/simvastatin-augments-activation-of-liver-regeneration-through-attenuating-transforming-growth-factor-%C3%AE-1-induced-apoptosis-in-obstructive-jaundice-rats
#3
Dazheng Fang, Ying He, Zhou Luan
Obstructive jaundice, owing to biliary obstruction, has been illustrated to trigger various biochemical, histological and immunological changes, leading to liver damage or even failure. The detailed molecular mechanism of simvastatin (Sim) involvement in liver regeneration during obstructive jaundice progression remains poorly elucidated. In the present study, an acute obstructive jaundice rat model was established by ligation and division of common bile duct, which was used to investigate the effects of Sim as a hepatoprotective treatment...
November 2017: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199336/-significance-of-smad4-smad7-and-caveolin-1-expression-in-oral-mucosa-carcinogenesis-of-wistar-rats
#4
Yuan Li, Jian-Wei Zhou, Hui-Liang Li, Jin-Zhong Liu
PURPOSE: To investigate the expression of Smad4, Smad7 and Caveolin-1 in the process of carcinogenesis of oral mucosa in Wistar rats, and to understand the changes of TGF-β/Smad signaling pathway and Caveolin-1 in oral cancer. METHODS: Palatal mucosal carcinogenesis specimens of Wistar rats were obtained from School of Stomatology, Zhengzhou University, which included 5 samples of normal mucosa, 10 samples of simple hyperplasia mucosa, 6 samples of mild mucosal dysplasia, 7 samples of moderate mucosal dysplasia, 13 samples of mucosa severe mucosal dysplasia, and 28 samples of oral cancer tissue...
August 2017: Shanghai Kou Qiang Yi Xue, Shanghai Journal of Stomatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198712/fbw7-targets-klf10-for-ubiquitin-dependent-degradation
#5
Su Yu, Feng Wang, Wei-Juan Pan, Yi Luan, Xin Ge
FBW7, a key component of SCFFBW7 E3 ubiquitin ligase, targets various proteins for degradation via the conserved Cdc4 phosphodegron (CPD) in substrates. In this study, we report that KLF10 is degraded by FBW7 via a conserved CPD. Through systematic analysis of the degradation of KLF transcription factors by FBW7, we identified KLF10 as a novel degradation target of FBW7. Ectopic expression of FBW7 markedly promoted the degradation of KLF10 while knockdown of endogenous FBW7 increased the protein levels of KLF10...
November 30, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198452/betaglycan-tgfbr3-up-regulation-correlates-with-increased-tgf-%C3%AE-signaling-in-marfan-patient-fibroblasts-in-vitro
#6
Menno Evert Groeneveld, Natalija Bogunovic, René John Philip Musters, Geert Jan Tangelder, Gerard Pals, Willem Wisselink, Dimitra Micha, Kak Khee Yeung
BACKGROUND: Marfan syndrome (MFS), a congenital connective tissue disorder leading to aortic aneurysm development, is caused by fibrillin-1 (FBN1) gene mutations. Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β) might play a role in the pathogenesis. It is still a matter of discussion if and how TGF-β up-regulates the intracellular downstream pathway, although TGF-β receptor 3 (TGFBR3 or Betaglycan) is thought to be involved. We aimed to elucidate the role of TGFBR3 protein in TGF-β signaling in Marfan patients...
November 4, 2017: Cardiovascular Pathology: the Official Journal of the Society for Cardiovascular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29196166/1-25-oh-2d3-attenuates-pulmonary-arterial-hypertension-via-microrna-204-mediated-tgfbr2-smad-signaling
#7
Hua Yu, Min Xu, Yizhi Dong, Jingjing Liu, Yaozhe Li, Wei Mao, Jindan Wang, Liangxing Wang
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease characterized by high pulmonary artery pressure. It is reported that microRNA-204 (miR-204) plays an important role in the development of PAH. Calcitriol [1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3, 1,25(OH)2D3] mediates multiple pathophysiological processes. The aim of the current study was to explore the role of 1,25(OH)2D3 in PAH. PAH was induced in rats and rat pulmonary arterial endothelial cells (PAECs) were isolated as in vitro PAH model. The mean pulmonary artery pressure, morphologic changes, and expressions of transforming growth factor-beta1 (Tgfbr2), Smad2/7, alpha smooth muscle actin (α-SMA), and p21 were then measured...
November 28, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176317/downregulated-microrna-195-in-the-bicuspid-aortic-valve-promotes-calcification-of-valve-interstitial-cells-via-targeting-smad7
#8
Junjie Du, Rui Zheng, Feng Xiao, Shuai Zhang, Keshuai He, Junjie Zhang, Yongfeng Shao
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Aortic stenosis caused by leaflet calcification in the bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) is more accelerative than that in the tricuspid aortic valve (TAV). MicroRNA-195 (miR-195) is downregulated more in stenotic than in insufficient BAVs, but its expression in BAVs compared with TAVs is unclear. We aimed to investigate the roles of miR-195 and its calcification-related target SMAD7 in stenotic BAVs compared with those in TAVs. METHODS: Twenty-one stenotic BAV and 29 TAV samples were collected from surgical patients and examined for the expression of miR-195 and SMAD7 by RT-PCR...
November 24, 2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174139/altered-tgf-%C3%AE-endocytic-trafficking-contributes-to-the-increased-signaling-in-marfan-syndrome
#9
Anna-Maria Siegert, Carla Serra-Peinado, Enric Gutiérrez-Martínez, Fernando Rodríguez-Pascual, Isabel Fabregat, Gustavo Egea
The main cardiovascular alteration in Marfan syndrome (MFS) is the formation of aortic aneurysms in which augmented TGF-β signaling is reported. However, the primary role of TGF-β signaling as a molecular link between the genetic mutation of fibrillin-1 and disease onset is controversial. The compartmentalization of TGF-β endocytic trafficking has been shown to determine a signaling response in which clathrin-dependent internalization leads to TGF-β signal propagation, and caveolin-1 (CAV-1) associated internalization leads to signal abrogation...
November 23, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163854/interactions-between-tgf-%C3%AE-1-canonical-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-pathway-and-ppar-%C3%AE-in-radiation-induced-fibrosis
#10
REVIEW
Alexandre Vallée, Yves Lecarpentier, Rémy Guillevin, Jean-Noël Vallée
Radiation therapy induces DNA damage and inflammation leading to fibrosis. Fibrosis can occur 4 to 12 months after radiation therapy. This process worsens with time and years. Radiation-induced fibrosis is characterized by fibroblasts proliferation, myofibroblast differentiation, and synthesis of collagen, proteoglycans and extracellular matrix. Myofibroblasts are non-muscle cells that can contract and relax. Myofibroblasts evolve towards irreversible retraction during fibrosis process. In this review, we discussed the interplays between transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), canonical WNT/β-catenin pathway and peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPAR γ) in regulating the molecular mechanisms underlying the radiation-induced fibrosis, and the potential role of PPAR γ agonists...
October 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156846/s100a14-rs11548103-g-a-polymorphism-is-associated-with-a-decreased-risk-of-esophageal-cancer-in-a-chinese-population
#11
Yang Zhao, Feng Yao, Weifeng Tang, Haiyong Gu, Heng Zhao
Objective: In China in 2009, esophageal cancer was the fifth most commonly diagnosed malignancy and the fourth leading cause of malignancy-related death. Accumulating evidence indicates that genetic factors might play an important role in esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) carcinogenesis. Materials and Methods: In total, we recruited 629 ESCC patients and 686 controls. Genetic variations in the S100A14, MLH1, SMAD7 and CCL22/MDC genes were measured using the ligation detection reaction method...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156807/halofuginone-inhibits-tgf-%C3%AE-bmp-signaling-and-in-combination-with-zoledronic-acid-enhances-inhibition-of-breast-cancer-bone-metastasis
#12
Patricia Juárez, Pierrick G J Fournier, Khalid S Mohammad, Ryan C McKenna, Holly W Davis, Xiang H Peng, Maria Niewolna, Alain Mauviel, John M Chirgwin, Theresa A Guise
More efficient therapies that target multiple molecular mechanisms are needed for the treatment of incurable bone metastases. Halofuginone is a plant alkaloid-derivative with antiangiogenic and antiproliferative effects. Here we demonstrate that halofuginone is an effective therapy for the treatment of bone metastases, through multiple actions that include inhibition of TGFβ and BMP-signaling. Halofuginone blocked TGF-β-signaling in MDA-MB-231 and PC3 cells showed by inhibition of TGF-β-induced Smad-reporter, phosphorylation of Smad-proteins, and expression of TGF-β-regulated metastatic genes...
October 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154818/microrna-21-promotes-wound-healing-via-the-smad7-smad2-3-elastin-pathway
#13
Xiaoyan Li, Lijia Guo, Yitong Liu, Yingying Su, Yongmei Xie, Juan Du, Songling Wang, Hao Wang, Yi Liu
Wound healing is regulated by a complex network of cells, molecules, and cytokines, as well as microRNAs (miRNAs). miRNAs were confirmed to influence the wound healing process, and miR-21, an important member of the miRNA family, was also shown to regulate wound healing. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of miR-21 in the wound healing process and the possible underlying cell signaling pathways. We isolated GMSCs from WT and miR-21-KO mouse gingiva. Flow cytometric analysis and immunocytofluorescense staining were used to identify the GMSCs acquired from WT and miR-21-KO mice...
November 14, 2017: Experimental Cell Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143172/identification-of-key-genes-and-construction-of-microrna-mrna-regulatory-networks-in-bladder-smooth-muscle-cell-response-to-mechanical-stimuli-using-microarray-expression-profiles-and-bioinformatics-analysis
#14
Liao Peng, De-Yi Luo
PURPOSE: To identify keys genes and elucidate miRNA-mRNA regulatory networks in Bladder smooth muscle cell (BSMC) response to mechanical stimuli. METHODS: Human BSMCs, seeded on a silicone membrane, were subjected to mechanical stretch or without stretch. Microarray was used to analyze the differential expression of mRNAs and miRNAs between human BSMCs under mechanical stretch and control static control group. Differentially expressed genes(DEGs) and miRNAs (DEMs) in these two groups were identified...
November 15, 2017: World Journal of Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138820/matrine-suppresses-cardiac-fibrosis-by-inhibiting-the-tgf%C3%A2-%C3%AE-smad-pathway-in-experimental-diabetic-cardiomyopathy
#15
Yong Zhang, Lei Cui, Gongchang Guan, Junkui Wang, Chuan Qiu, Tielin Yang, Yan Guo, Zhongwei Liu
Cardiac fibrosis is one of the pathological characteristics of diabetic cardiomyopathy (DbCM). Matrine treatment has proven to be effective in cases of organ fibrosis and cardiovascular diseases. In the present study, the anti-fibrosis-associated cardioprotective effects of matrine on DbCM were investigated. Rats with experimental DbCM were administered matrine orally. Cardiac functions were evaluated using invasive hemodynamic examinations. Cardiac compliance was assessed in isolated hearts. Using Sirius Red and fluorescence staining, the collagen in diabetic hearts was visualized...
November 14, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29128706/consumption-of-ellagic-acid-and-dihydromyricetin-synergistically-protects-against-uv-b-induced-photoaging-possibly-by-activating-both-tgf-%C3%AE-1-and-wnt-signaling-pathways
#16
Na Rang Moon, Suna Kang, Sunmin Park
Ellagic acid (EGA) and dihydromyricetin (DHM) are both found in fruits and vegetables are used for anti-aging treatment for the skin. The anti-photoaging efficacy of EGA and DHM was investigated in UV-B irradiated skin in vivo and the involvement of transforming growth factor (TGF)-β1 and wnt signaling pathways were examined in vitro. HaCaT cells were treated with either 50μM EGA, 50μM DHM or 25μM EGA+25μM DHM before 100mJ/cm2 UV-B exposure, and then oxidative stress and inflammation was measured. The involvement of TGF-β1 and wnt signaling was measured using their inhibitors, respectively, in HaCaT cells...
November 7, 2017: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology. B, Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119627/colorectal-cancer-susceptibility-loci-as-predictive-markers-of-rectal-cancer-prognosis-after-surgery
#17
Yue Hu, Jochen Gaedcke, Georg Emons, Tim Beissbarth, Marian Grade, Peter Jo, Meredith Yeager, Stephen J Chanock, Hendrik Wolff, Jordi Camps, B Michael Ghadimi, Thomas Ried
To understand the molecular mechanism of rectal cancer and develop markers for disease prognostication, we generated and explored a dataset from 243 rectal cancer patients by gene expression microarray analysis of cancer samples and matched controls, and SNP-arrays of germline DNA. We found that two of the loci most strongly linked with colorectal cancer (CRC) risk, 8q24 (upstream of MYC) and 18q21 (in the intron of SMAD7), as well as 20q13 (in the intron of LAMA5), are tightly associated with the prognosis of rectal cancer patients...
November 9, 2017: Genes, Chromosomes & Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117538/lncrna-col1a2-as1-inhibits-the-scar-fibroblasts-proliferation-via-regulating-mir-21-smad7-pathway
#18
Qingwen Nong, Shuntang Li, Yajun Wu, Daen Liu
lncRNA COL1A2-AS1 (COL1A2 antisense RNA 1), a lncRNA overexpressed in hypertrophic scar, has been demonstrated to be involved in the hypertrophic scar formation. However, the mechanisms of lncRNA COL1A2-AS1 inhibiting the scar fibroblasts proliferation remains not well understood. In this study, we demonstrated that lncRNA COL1A2-AS1 was upregulated in hypertrophic scar tissue and fibroblasts, and suppressed fibroblasts proliferation by promoting Smad7 expression. Furthermore, we found that miR-21 was involved in lncRNA COL1A2-AS1-induced expression of Smad7, by which COL1A2-AS1 acted as endogenous sponge to adsorb miR-21 and in turn regulated Smad7 and a cascade of molecular to play a protective role in hypertrophic scar...
November 5, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29116087/differential-expression-of-mir-93-and-mir-21-in-granulosa-cells-and-follicular-fluid-of-polycystic-ovary-syndrome-associating-with-different-phenotypes
#19
Mohammad Naji, Ashraf Aleyasin, Saeid Nekoonam, Ehsan Arefian, Reza Mahdian, Fardin Amidi
The heterogeneous and multifactorial essence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) renders a remarkable significance to microRNAs (miRNAs). Normo-androgenic (NA) and hyperandrogenic (HA) PCOS patients were compared with matched healthy women. Expression of miRNAs and TGFβ signaling genes was studied by qRT-PCR and western blotting. Effect of androgen on expression of miR-93 and miR-21 and involvement of androgen receptor were appraised. In granulosa cells (GCs), miR-93 and miR-21 showed significantly increased levels in HA patients compared to NA patients...
November 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115512/protective-effect-of-diltiazem-on-myocardial-ischemic-rats-induced-by-isoproterenol
#20
Yuejiao Wei, Tianyu Meng, Chaofeng Sun
The aim of the present study was to analyze the effect of diltiazem on myocardial fibrosis and remodeling of connexin43 (Cx43) in myocardial ischemic rats and mechanisms underlying these processes. A total of 36 Sprague‑Dawley rats were randomly allocated into three groups (control, isoproterenol and isoproterenol with diltiazem). The myocardial ischemic model was established by 5 mg/kg/day isoproterenol administration for 7 days, and the diltiazem group received 25 mg/kg/day diltiazem for 4 weeks. Following the treatment, paraffin sections were prepared to observe microstructural changes and to evaluate the concentration of Ca2+ in myocardium...
October 26, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
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