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Smad AND Asiatic acid

Linjie Si, Jing Xu, Chenlong Yi, Xiaohan Xu, Chao Ma, Junyi Yang, Fang Wang, Yuqing Zhang, Xiaowei Wang
Cardiac structural remodeling, including cardiomyocyte apoptosis, interstitial fibrosis, and inflammation, appears to be a key event associated with the progression of left ventricular hypertrophy and heart failure. Asiatic acid (AA) is a triterpenoid compound extracted from Centella asiatica that exhibits antiapoptotic, antifibrotic, and anti-inflammatory activities. In the present study, a transverse aortic constriction (TAC) model was created in mice to mimic the progression of hypertrophy (2 weeks post-TAC) and heart failure (4 weeks post-TAC) to investigate whether the potential therapeutic drug AA ameliorates hypertrophy progression and which mechanisms are involved in this amelioration...
December 2015: Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
Xiao-ming Meng, Yun Zhang, Xiao-Ru Huang, Gui-ling Ren, Jun Li, Hui Yao Lan
We recently showed that imbalance of TGF-β/Smad signaling with over-activation of Smad3 but lower levels of Smad7 is a central mechanism of tissue fibrosis. In the present study, we report here that inhibition of Smad3 with naringenin (NG) and upregulation of Smad7 with asiatic acid (AA) produced an additive effect on inhibition of renal fibrosis in a mouse model of obstructive nephropathy. We found that AA, a triterpene from Centella Asiatica, functioned as a Smad7 agonist and suppressed TGF-β/Smad3-mediated renal fibrosis by inducing Smad7...
November 10, 2015: Oncotarget
Difei Bian, Jizhou Zhang, Xin Wu, Yannong Dou, Yan Yang, Qian Tan, Yufeng Xia, Zhunan Gong, Yue Dai
Keloids are fibroproliferative disorders characterized by exuberant extracellular matrix deposition and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β/Smad pathway plays a pivotal role in keloid pathogenesis. Centella asiatica extract has been applied in scar management for ages. As one of its major components, asiatic acid (AA) has been recently reported to inhibit liver fibrosis by blocking TGF-β/Smad pathway. However, its effect on keloid remains unknown. In order to investigate the effects of AA on cell proliferation, invasion and collagen synthesis, normal and keloid fibroblasts were exposed to TGF-β1 with or without AA...
2013: International Journal of Biological Sciences
Changgeng Xu, Wei Wang, Mingwei Xu, Jie Zhang
Asiatic acid (AA) is one of the triterpenoid compounds present in Centella asiatica and it has been shown to be capable of attenuating liver fibrosis. In the present study, we investigated the effects of AA on renal tubulointerstitial fibrosis in mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Mice were divided randomly into five groups (n=5 per group): the sham-surgery (Sh), UUO plus vehicle treatment (UUO+V), UUO plus 1 mg/kg body weight AA treatment (UUO+A1), UUO plus 4 mg/kg body weight AA treatment (UUO+A2) and UUO plus 16 mg/kg body weight AA treatment (UUO+A3) groups...
September 2013: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine
Fang Wu, Difei Bian, Yufeng Xia, Zhunan Gong, Qian Tan, Jiaojiao Chen, Yue Dai
Centella asiatica herbs have been prescribed as a traditional medicine for wound healing in China and Southeast Asia for a long time. They contain many kinds of triterpenoid compounds, mainly including glycosides (asiaticoside and madecassoside) and corresponding aglycones (asiatic acid and madecassic acid). To identify which is the major active constituent, a comprehensive and comparative study of these compounds was performed. In vitro, primary human skin fibroblasts, originating from healthy human foreskin samples, were treated with various concentrations of asiaticoside, madecassoside, asiatic acid, and madecassic acid, respectively...
2012: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
Li-xia Tang, Rui-hua He, Guang Yang, Jia-ju Tan, Li Zhou, Xiao-ming Meng, Xiao Ru Huang, Hui Yao Lan
Liver fibrosis is a major cause of liver failure, but treatment remains ineffective. In the present study, we investigated the mechanisms and anti-hepatofibrotic activities of asiatic acid (AA) in a rat model of liver fibrosis induced by carbon tetrachloride (CCl(4)) and in vitro in TGF-beta1-stimulated rat hepatic stellate cell line (HSC-T6). Treatment with AA significantly attenuated CCl(4)-induced liver fibrosis and functional impairment in a dosage-dependent manner, including blockade of the activation of HSC as determined by inhibiting de novo alpha smooth muscle actin (a-SMA) and collagen matrix expression, and an increase in ALT and AST (all p<0...
2012: PloS One
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