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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27308095/primary-pericranial-ewing-s-sarcoma-on-the-temporal-bone-a-case-report
#1
Hiroto Kawano, Naoki Nitta, Mitsuaki Ishida, Tadateru Fukami, Kazuhiko Nozaki
BACKGROUND: Primary Ewing's sarcoma originating in the pericranium is an extremely rare disease entity. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 9-year-old female patient was admitted to our department due to a left temporal subcutaneous mass. The mass was localized under the left temporal muscle and attached to the surface of the temporal bone. Head computed tomography revealed a mass with bony spicule formation on the temporal bone, however, it did not show bone destruction or intracranial invasion...
2016: Surgical Neurology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27162287/ozone-therapy-effectiveness-in-patients-with-ulcerous-lesions-due-to-diabetes-mellitus
#2
Myroslav V Rosul, Bohdan M Patskan
INTRODUCTION: Development of purulo-necrotic foot lesions is one of the most dangerous surgical complications of diabetes mellitus, it causes high lethality, early disability, considerable economical expenses on treatment and rehabilitation. Mentioned above determine substantial actuality of diabetic foot problem and condition the necessity of further search of new ways and effective methods of lower extremities lesions complex treatment. THE AIM: of our research was to study the effectiveness of ozone use in complex therapy among patients with diabetic foot...
2016: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27028227/squamocellular-carcinoma-of-the-skin-clinicopathological-features-predicting-the-involvement-of-the-surgical-margins-and-review-of-the-literature
#3
Simone Ribero, Simona Osella Abate, Chiara Di Capua, Emi Dika, Elena Balagna, Rebecca Senetta, Franco Picciotto, Carlo Tomasini, Giuseppe Macripo, Pietro Quaglino
BACKGROUND: The new AJCC classification has highlighted some particular risk factors for squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) relevant for prognosis. Incomplete excision is not infrequent in SCC. The aim of this study is to examine features that can predict an incomplete excision on the basis of the new AJCC classification and to review the literature on this topic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 81 SCC patients were included. All patients were submitted to excisional biopsy with a margin of at least 4 mm from the clinical edges as recommended...
2016: Dermatology: International Journal for Clinical and Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26936413/new-insights-from-clinical-assessment-of-upper-extremities-in-cervical-traumatic-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Carmen Carrasco-López, Samuel Jimenez, Maria Carmen Mosqueda-Pozon, Yolanda A Pérez-Borrego, Monica Alcobendas-Maestro, Tomas Gallego-Izquierdo, Ana Esclarin-Ruz, Antonio Oliviero
Upper extremity function has a strong impact on the quality of life in cervical spinal cord-injured patients. Upper extremity function depends on many factors, such as muscle strength, level of lesion, and extension of the cord damage in its axial axis produced by the injury. These variables can be obtained by the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury, which is the standard for the functional evaluation of traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI) patients. The aim of this study was to describe the relationship between upper limb muscle strength, level of injury, and axial damage with the functionality of upper limb measured using the Jebsen-Taylor Hand Function Test (JTHFT) and the 9 Hole Peg Test (9HPT) in cervical SCI...
September 15, 2016: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26763770/advances-in-the-clinicopathological-and-molecular-classification-of-cutaneous-mesenchymal-neoplasms
#5
REVIEW
Danielle C Costigan, Leona A Doyle
In recent years, there have been several important refinements in the classification of cutaneous mesenchymal neoplasms, including the description of new tumour types, along with the identification of novel and recurrent molecular genetic findings. In addition to providing new insights into tumour biology, many of these advances have had significant clinical consequences with regard to diagnostics, management, and prognostication. Newly described entities include pseudomyogenic haemangioendothelioma, haemosiderotic fibrolipomatous tumour, and fibroblastic connective tissue naevus, which are reviewed in the context of the principal differential diagnoses and significant clinical implications...
May 2016: Histopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26758656/lacaziosis-like-disease-in-tursiops-truncatus-from-brazil-a-histopathological-and-immunohistochemical-approach
#6
Carlos Sacristán, Rodrigo Albergaria Réssio, Pedro Castilho, Natália Fernandes, Samira Costa-Silva, Fernando Esperón, Fábio Gonçalves Daura-Jorge, Kátia R Groch, Cristiane K M Kolesnikovas, Juliana Marigo, Paulo Henrique Ott, Larissa Rosa Oliveira, Angélica María Sánchez-Sarmiento, Paulo C Simões-Lopes, José Luiz Catão-Dias
Cetacean lacaziosis-like disease or lobomycosis-like disease (LLD) is a chronic skin condition caused by a non-cultivable yeast of the order Onygenales, which also includes Lacazia loboi, as well as Paracoccidioides brasiliensis and P. lutzii, respectively responsible for lacaziosis and paracoccidioidomycosis in humans. Complete identification and phylogenetic classification of the LLD etiological agent still needs to be elucidated, but preliminary phylogenetic analyses have shown a closer relationship of the LLD agent to Paracoccidioides spp...
January 13, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26715175/a-practical-approach-to-the-diagnosis-of-mixed-epithelial-and-mesenchymal-tumours-of-the-uterus
#7
REVIEW
W Glenn McCluggage
The current 2014 World Health Organization (WHO) Classification of mixed epithelial and mesenchymal tumours of the uterus includes categories of carcinosarcoma, adenosarcoma, adenofibroma, adenomyoma and atypical polypoid adenomyoma, the last two lesions being composed of an admixture of benign epithelial and mesenchymal elements with a prominent smooth muscle component. In this review, each of these categories of uterine neoplasm is covered with an emphasis on practical tips for the surgical pathologist and new developments...
January 2016: Modern Pathology: An Official Journal of the United States and Canadian Academy of Pathology, Inc
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26658879/development-of-a-murine-colonoscopic-polypectomy-model%C3%A2-with%C3%A2-videos
#8
Furkan Ertem, Wan-Mohaiza Dashwood, Praveen Rajendran, Gottumukkala Raju, Asif Rashid, Roderick Dashwood
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Colonoscopy provides a means for screening and removal of colon adenomas, preventing such lesions from progressing to late-stage carcinoma. No preclinical model currently exists that closely parallels the clinical scenario with respect to polyp resection and recovery after endoscopy. METHODS: When we used the polyposis in rat colon (Pirc) model, a new polypectomy methodology was developed. A novel PLC classification system (polyp number/location/clockwise orientation) also was devised in order to accurately and reproducibly specify the location of each lesion within the colon...
June 2016: Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26535183/muscle-injuries-a-brief-guide-to-classification-and-management
#9
Nicola Maffulli, Angelo Del Buono, Francesco Oliva, Alessio Giai Via, Antonio Frizziero, Michele Barazzuol, Paola Brancaccio, Marco Freschi, Stefano Galletti, Gianfranco Lisitano, Gianluca Melegati, Gianni Nanni, Ghito Pasta, Carlo Ramponi, Diego Rizzo, Vittorino Testa, Alessandro Valent
Muscle injuries are frequent in athletes. Despite their high incidence, advances in clinical diagnostic criteria and imaging, their optimal management and rehabilitation strategies are still debated in literature. Furthermore, reinjury rate is high after a muscle lesion, and an improper treatment or an early return to sports can increase the rate of reinjury and complications. Most muscle injuries are managed conservatively with excellent results, and surgery is normally advocated only for larger tears. This article reviews the current literature to provide physicians and rehabilitation specialists with the necessary basic tools to diagnose, classify and to treat muscle injuries...
May 2015: Translational Medicine @ UniSa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26444918/eortc-risk-model-to-predict-progression-in-patients-with-non-muscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-is-it-safe-to-use-in-clinical-practice
#10
Wilson F S Busato Júnior, Gilberto Laurino Almeida, Carmen A P M Ribas, Jurandir M Ribas Filho, Ottavio De Cobelli
PURPOSE: To evaluate the validation of European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (EORTC) risk tables to predict progression in Brazilian patients with non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Two hundred five consecutively and prospectively selected patients with NMIBC who underwent transurethral resection were analyzed during 12 years. Six parameters were analyzed: tumor grade, size, and number, pT stage, previous recurrence rate, and carcinoma-in-situ...
April 2016: Clinical Genitourinary Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24467910/the-clinical-features-diagnosis-and-classification-of-dermatomyositis
#11
REVIEW
Luca Iaccarino, Anna Ghirardello, Silvano Bettio, Margherita Zen, Mariele Gatto, Leonardo Punzi, Andrea Doria
Dermatomyositis (DM) is an idiopathic inflammatory myopathy (IIM) characterized by an inflammatory infiltrate primarily affecting the skeletal muscle and skin. Most common and peculiar cutaneous lesions include Gottron's papules, Gottron's sign and heliotrope rash. Different DM subsets have been identified until now encompassing classic DM, amyopathic DM, hypomyopathic DM, post-myopathic DM, and DM sine dermatitis. Patients with DM have a higher incidence rate of malignancy than the normal population. In these patients cancer occurs in about 30% of cases with higher occurrence in men and in elderly people...
February 2014: Journal of Autoimmunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23945280/the-various-charcot-marie-tooth-diseases
#12
REVIEW
Jean-Michel Vallat, Stéphane Mathis, Benoît Funalot
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review focuses on recent advances in the diagnostic approaches and the underlying pathophysiological mechanisms of Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease. We also discuss the emerging therapies for this hereditary neuropathy. RECENT FINDINGS: To date, numerous genes are implicated in CMT, and new genes have recently been found to be associated with this neuropathy (INF2, FBLN5, etc.). Some specific or evocative clinical signs of CMT subtypes (proteinuria with INF2 mutations, etc...
October 2013: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23758951/australian-cerebral-palsy-child-study-protocol-of-a-prospective-population-based-study-of-motor-and-brain-development-of-preschool-aged-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#13
Roslyn N Boyd, Rachel Jordan, Laura Pareezer, Anne Moodie, Christine Finn, Belinda Luther, Evyn Arnfield, Aaron Pym, Alex Craven, Paula Beall, Kelly Weir, Megan Kentish, Meredith Wynter, Robert Ware, Michael Fahey, Barry Rawicki, Lynne McKinlay, Andrea Guzzetta
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) results from a static brain lesion during pregnancy or early life and remains the most common cause of physical disability in children (1 in 500). While the brain lesion is static, the physical manifestations and medical issues may progress resulting in altered motor patterns. To date, there are no prospective longitudinal studies of CP that follow a birth cohort to track early gross and fine motor development and use Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) to determine the anatomical pattern and likely timing of the brain lesion...
2013: BMC Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23664285/-cardio-respiratory-involvement-in-adult-onset-still-s-disease
#14
C Lethrosne, B Pernot, P Diot, E Diot
Cardiopulmonary involvement in adult-onset Still's disease is not as common as cutaneous and articular involvement. Pleuropericarditis is the most frequent thoracic manifestation. Although difficult, diagnosis of other thoracic manifestations, which may reveal the disease, is crucial, due to the high risk to life and the efficacy of new immunosuppressive agents. The pathophysiology involves essentially immunological factors, Still's disease being increasingly seen as an autoimmune inflammatory disease. Pro-inflammatory cytokines such as interleukine (IL) 1, 6 and 18 play a crucial role in macrophage activation, which is central in the pathophysiology of adult Still's disease...
April 2013: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23149162/new-endoscopic-classification-for-subscapularis-lesions
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
B Toussaint, J Barth, C Charousset, A Godeneche, T Joudet, Y Lefebvre, L Nove-Josserand, E Petroff, N Solignac, P Hardy, C Scymanski, C Maynou, C-E Thelu, P Boileau, N Graveleau, S Audebert
BACKGROUND: The absence of a coherent classification system has hampered communication about the treatment and outcomes of the various types of subscapularis tendon lesions. In addition, a reliable classification system allows comparisons of epidemiological and therapeutic data. The classification systems used until now fail to incorporate the radiological and intraoperative abnormalities of the bicipital sling, and they do not consider the degree of subscapularis tendon cleavage. Here, we describe a new arthroscopy-based classification system intended for therapeutic and prognostic purposes...
December 2012: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23120950/diabetic-foot-lesions-as-seen-in-nigerian-teaching-hospital-pattern-and-a-simple-classification
#16
A A Musa
BACKGROUND: Diabetic foot syndrome is a complication of diabetes mellitus that has serious socioeconomic implications for the individual, family and the society as a whole. When there are ulcers, the condition becomes limb threatening. Early detection of the risk factors and appropriate management of the ulcers reduces the incidence of amputations, morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To find the pattern of diabetic foot laesions (DFL) as seen at the orthopaedic clinic of Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, Sokoto, Nigeria over a five-year period and to present a classification of DFL...
March 2012: East African Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23074617/developing-a-rabbit-model-of-neointimal-stenosis-and-atherosclerotic-fibrous-plaque-rupture
#17
Hossein Mehrad, Manijhe Mokhtari-Dizaji, Hossein Ghanaati, Amir-Ali Shahbazfar, Afshin Mohsenifar
BACKGROUND: A precise understanding of the mechanism of human neointimal stenoses and atherosclerotic fibrous plaques, which give rise to thromboses in vital arteries, requires a suitable animal model that would mimic the same characteristics well. We developed a rabbit model of neointimal stenosis and fibrotic plaque rupture in the carotid artery to visualize the lesion progress and to characterize the lesion types according to the American Heart Association classification. METHODS: Twenty-eight healthy male New Zealand white rabbits were randomly divided into two groups: The rabbits in group A (n = 14) consumed a standard chow diet, and those in group B (n = 14) were injured via perivascular cold injury using liquid nitrogen at the right common carotid artery before being fed a high cholesterol diet (1...
2011: Journal of Tehran Heart Center
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23026366/bilateral-anterior-dislocation-of-the-shoulder-review-of-seventy-cases-and-proposal-of-a-new-etiological-mechanical-classification
#18
REVIEW
Rafael Ballesteros, Pablo Benavente, Nuria Bonsfills, Marta Chacón, Francisco J García-Lázaro
BACKGROUND: Although anterior shoulder dislocation is common in everyday practice in Emergency Departments, bilateral presentation is a rare entity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this article is to report two additional cases of this rare injury and to introduce a new mechanism that can produce it. We made an exhaustive review of the literature and found 68 cases in printed publications. Also, we analyzed the mechanism of injury and the presence of predisposing factors, and propose a new etiological-mechanical classification...
January 2013: Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22773066/acute-muscle-strain-injuries-a-proposed-new-classification-system
#19
Otto Chan, Angelo Del Buono, Thomas M Best, Nicola Maffulli
PURPOSE: To better define and classify acute muscle strain injuries. METHODS: Historically, acute muscle strains have been classified as grade I, II and III. This system does not accurately reflect the anatomy of the injury and has not been shown to reliably predict prognosis and time for return to sport. RESULTS: We describe an imaging (magnetic resonance or ultrasound) nomenclature, which considers the anatomical site, pattern and severity of the lesion in the acute stage...
November 2012: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy: Official Journal of the ESSKA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22760942/a-mechanism-based-classification-of-pain-in-multiple-sclerosis
#20
REVIEW
A Truini, P Barbanti, C Pozzilli, G Cruccu
Pharmacological treatment of pain in multiple sclerosis (MS) is challenging due to the many underlying pathophysiological mechanisms. Few controlled trials show adequate pain control in this population. Emerging evidence suggests that pain might be more effectively classified and treated according to symptoms and underlying mechanisms. The new mechanism-based classification we propose here distinguishes nine types of MS-related pain: trigeminal neuralgia and Lhermitte's phenomenon (paroxysmal neuropathic pain due to ectopic impulse generation along primary afferents), ongoing extremity pain (deafferentation pain secondary to lesion in the spino-thalamo-cortical pathways), painful tonic spasms and spasticity pain (mixed pains secondary to lesions in the central motor pathways but mediated by muscle nociceptors), pain associated with optic neuritis (nerve trunk pain originating from nervi nervorum), musculoskeletal pains (nociceptive pain arising from postural abnormalities secondary to motor disorders), migraine (nociceptive pain favored by predisposing factors or secondary to midbrain lesions), and treatment-induced pains...
February 2013: Journal of Neurology
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