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Lihua Zuo, Lin Zhou, Tanye Xu, Zhuolun Li, Liwei Liu, Yingying Shi, Jian Kang, Guanmin Gao, Shuzhang Du, Zhi Sun, Xiaojian Zhang
Xuebijing (XBJ) injection is an ethnomedicinal formula that has been widely used in the therapy of sepsis in China. However, the underlying theraputic mechanisms remain uninvestigated. In this research, a metabolomic method based on UHPLC-Q-Orbitrap HRMS was applied to make a holistic evaluation of XBJ on septic rats which were induced by the classical cecal ligation and puncture (CLP) operation. The plasma metabolic changes were profiled and evaluated by multivariate analytical (MVA) methods. In the results, a total of 41 differential metabolites were identified between CLP-operated group and sham-operated group, which were mainly involved in amino acid metabolism and lipid metabolism...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
Yi Zhun Zhu, Weijun Wu, Qing Zhu, Xinhua Liu
Despite several advances in percutaneous coronary intervention and the discovery of new drugs, the incidence of myocardial infarction and deaths due to cardiovascular diseases (CVD) has not decreased markedly in China. The quality of life is affected seriously, which further results in great social and family burden. Many drugs, from the century-old aspirin to the newly FDA-approved Byvalson, have been proven to be effective in the treatment and prevention of CVD. As clinically reported, those life-saving drugs still have their side effects in regards to the narrow therapeutic indexes influenced by individual genetic variations...
March 8, 2018: Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Yuxue Ding, Jiaxun Wan, Zihao Zhang, Fang Wang, Jia Guo, Changchun Wang
The anticancer therapy on the basis of reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated cellular apoptosis has achieved great progress. However, this kind of theraputic strategy still faces some challenges such as light, photosensitizer and oxygen (O2 ) dependence. In this article, a ROS-mediated anticancer therapy independent of light, photosensitizer and oxygen was established based on a Fe2+ -induced ROS-generating nanosystem. First, artemisinin (ART) was loaded in porous magnetic supraparticles (MSP) by a nanodeposition method...
February 7, 2018: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Haider Behbehani, Kamal M Dawood, Thoraya A Farghaly
Several natural products containing benzosuberone moiety are clinically reported as anti-tumor agents. Furthermore, several synthetic benzosuberones cited in this review exhibited wide range of theraputic activities such as bacteriostatic, anti-inflammatory, antidepressants and anti-tumor activities. Our recent review provides an overview of the different methods to synthesize the benzosuberones and their extensive biological activities. Areas covered: Thirty-two patents among 130 references are cited in this review that covered the recent inhibitory activities of the benzosuberone scaffolds and their broad area of biological applications up to the first quarter of 2017...
January 2018: Expert Opinion on Therapeutic Patents
Arrigo F G Cicero, Alessandro Colletti, Gani Bajraktari, Olivier Descamps, Dragan M Djuric, Marat Ezhov, Zlatko Fras, Niki Katsiki, Michel Langlois, Gustavs Latkovskis, Demosthenes B Panagiotakos, Gyorgy Paragh, Dimitri P Mikhailidis, Olena Mitchenko, Bernhard Paulweber, Daniel Pella, Christos Pitsavos, Željko Reiner, Kausik K Ray, Manfredi Rizzo, Amirhossein Sahebkar, Maria-Corina Serban, Laurence S Sperling, Peter P Toth, Dragos Vinereanu, Michal Vrablík, Nathan D Wong, Maciej Banach
In recent years, there has been growing interest in the possible use of nutraceuticals to improve and optimize dyslipidemia control and therapy. Based on the data from available studies, nutraceuticals might help patients obtain theraputic lipid goals and reduce cardiovascular residual risk. Some nutraceuticals have essential lipid-lowering properties confirmed in studies; some might also have possible positive effects on nonlipid cardiovascular risk factors and have been shown to improve early markers of vascular health such as endothelial function and pulse wave velocity...
September 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
Basem T Jamal, Gregory A Grillone, Scharukh Jalisi
INTRODUCTION: The majority of patients with advanced head and neck cancer receiving chemotherapy show partial response or frank resistance. Therefore, assessing the individuals' tumour reactivity to the eligible chemotherapeutic compounds carries the potential of personalizing the patient treatment and minimizing ineffective regimens which lead to excess toxicity and cost, treatment delays and possibly causing the tumour to be cross resistant to additional drugs. AIM: To determine the effectiveness of a phenotypic chemoresponse assay in predicting response to chemotherapy in a retrospective series of head and neck cancer patients whose tumour specimens had been tested with ChemoFx assay (Precision Theraputic Inc...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Yuan Liu, Fuai Lu, Lirong Kang, Zhihua Wang, Yongfu Wang
BACKGROUND: Oxidative stress is one of the important factors involved in the pathogenesis of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF). The equilibrium of Nuclear factor-erythroid-related factor 2 (Nrf2)/[BTB (broad-complex, tramtrack and bric-a-brac) and CNC (cap'n'collar protein) homology 1, Bach1] determines the expression level of antioxidant factors, further regulating the function of oxidation/antioxidation capacity. Pirfenidone (PFD) is one of two currently for IPF therapy approved drugs...
April 18, 2017: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
J M Lai, F Q Wu, Z X Zhou, X Y Yuan, G X Su, S N Li, Y C Yan, J Zhu, M Kang
Objective: To evaluate the utility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in diagnosis of juvenile dermatomyositis and polymyositis (JDM-PM) in children. Method: Fifty-four patients with JDM-PM in the active stage were enrolled in the study group. Twelve patients with benign acute childhood myositis and forty patients with juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) complicated with myositis were enrolled as controls. MRI imaging of thighs was performed in all patients, fast spin echo T1WI, T2WI, and STIR were obtained in all patients...
October 2, 2016: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
J P Liu, H Wang
Prostate cancer, especially castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) with its very poor prognosis, quite difficult treatments and urgent need of new theraputic strategies has become a serious problem of men's health in our country. Recent studies have shown that prostate cancer cells can stimulate the immune response; therefore, immunotherapy has become one of the hot spots in the treatment of CRPC. Cancer vaccines including polypeptide vaccines, nucleic acid vaccines, whole cell vaccines and autologous dendritic cell vaccines have been in stage Ⅱ or Ⅲ clinical trials, and will have good application prospects...
October 1, 2016: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Giulia Donvito, Jenny L Wilkerson, M Imad Damaj, Aron H Lichtman
Chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN) represents a serious complication associated with antineoplastic drugs. Although there are no medications available that effectively prevent CIPN, many classes of drugs have been used to treat this condition, including anticonvulsants, serotonin and noradrenaline reuptake inhibitors, and opioids. However, these therapeutic options yielded inconclusive results in CIPN clinical trials and produced assorted side effects with their prolonged use. Thus, there is an urgent need to develop efficacious and safe treatments for CIPN...
November 2016: Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics
Ping Wang, Yong Li, Huiqiong Nie, Xiaoyan Zhang, Qiongyan Shao, Xiuli Hou, Wen Xu, Weisong Hong, Aie Xu
BACKGROUND: Vitiligo is a common acquired depigmentation skin disease characterized by loss or dysfunction of melanocytes within the skin lesion, but its pathologenesis is far from lucid. The gene expression profiling of segmental vitiligo (SV) and generalized vitiligo (GV) need further investigation. OBJECTIVE: To better understanding the common and distinct factors, especially in the view of gene expression profile, which were involved in the diseases development and maintenance of segmental vitiligo (SV) and generalized vitiligo (GV)...
October 2016: Journal of Dermatological Science
Jinfeng Jiang, Xinjun Wang, Xiaojing Wu, Zhi Yu
Moxibustion is an important component part of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM). Among differ- ent kinds of moxibustion methods, thermal stimulation seems to be a pivotal impact factor to the theraputic efficacy. Based on its thermal characteristic and treated area-skin, we hypothesize that the thermosensitive TRPV channels may involve in the mechanism of moxibustion. This study, by referring to various experimental and clinical data, analyzes the properties and features of transient receptor potential vanilloid (TRPV) subfamily 1-4 and the impact of moxibustion on these channels...
April 2016: Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chung i Tsa Chih Ying Wen Pan
Lewis E Zionts, Michael H Jew, Kathryn L Bauer, Edward Ebramzadeh, Sophia N Sangiorgio
BACKGROUND: The Ponseti method has become the standard of care for the treatment of idiopathic clubfoot. A commonly reported problem encountered with this technique is a relapsed deformity that is sometimes treated in patients older than 2.5 years by an anterior tibial tendon transfer (ATTT) to the third cuneiform. Presently, there is insufficient information to properly counsel families whose infants are beginning Ponseti treatment on the probability of needing later tendon transfer surgery...
July 2, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Orthopedics
Gopinath Kasetty, Emanuel Smeds, Emelie Holmberg, Louise Wrange, Selvi Adikesavan, Praveen Papareddy
BACKGROUND: Tissue factor pathway inhibitor-2 (TFPI-2) is a serine protease inhibitor that exerts multiple physiological and patho-physiological activities involving the modulation of coagulation, angiogenesis, tumor invasion, and apoptosis. In previous studies we reported a novel role of human TFPI-2 in innate immunity by serving as a precursor for host defense peptides. Here we employed a number of TFPI-2 derived peptides from different vertebrate species and found that their antibacterial activity is evolutionary conserved although the amino acid sequence is not well conserved...
June 27, 2016: BMC Microbiology
Thanh Xuan Nguyen, Lin Huang, Mario Gauthier, Guang Yang, Qun Wang
Oral delivery via the gastrointestinal (GI) tract is the dominant route for drug administration. Orally delivered liposomal carriers can enhance drug solubility and protect the encapsulated theraputic agents from the extreme conditions found in the GI tract. Liposomes, with their fluid lipid bilayer membrane and their nanoscale size, can significantly improve oral absorption. Unfortunately, the clinical applications of conventional liposomes have been hindered due to their poor stability and availability under the harsh conditions typically presented in the GI tract...
May 2016: Nanomedicine
Blair Williams, Benjamin A Taylor, Neil Clifton, Manohar Bance
BACKGROUND: Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) is a common medical issue, occurring in at least 1% of the adult population. Patients suffering from ET dysfunction typically present with complaints of hearing loss or sensation of pressure or plugged ear, which can lead to impaired quality of life. Over time ETD can result in conductive hearing loss or choleastatoma formation. Effective theraputic options for ET dysfunction are few. Eustachian tube balloon dilation is a novel surgical technique being used to treat ETD...
February 12, 2016: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Natalie Cosgrove, Ali A Siddiqui, Charles A Kistler, Andrew Zabolotsky, Saad S Ghumman, Umar Hayat, Sobia N Laique, Muhammad K Hasan
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to evaluate the efficacy, safety and long term outcomes of endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) of large non-ampullary duodenal polyps. METHODS: A retrospective review of patients undergoing EMR of non-ampullary duodenal polyps ≥ 10 mm in size was performed. EMR was performed using standard snare polypectomy using pure coagulation current. Patient demographics, polyp site and histopathology, resection technique, use of adjunctive argon plasma coagulation (APC) ablation, adverse events, and residual/recurrent neoplasia at follow-up were evaluated...
June 2016: Minerva Gastroenterologica e Dietologica
Arun Sharma, Sanjeev Kumar
Left ventricular outpouchings commonly include aneurysm, pseudoaneurysm, and diverticulum and are now being increasingly detected on imaging. Distinction between these entities is of prime importance to guide proper management as outcomes for these entities differ substantially. Chest radiograph is usually nonspecific in their diagnosis. Echocardiography, multi-detector computed tomography evaluation and angiography are helpful in the diagnosis with their inherit limitations. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is emerging as a very useful tool that allows simultaneous anatomical and functional evaluation along with tissue characterization, which has diagnostic, theraputic and prognostic implications...
December 2015: Cardiovascular Diagnosis and Therapy
Barry M OConnor, Pavel B Klimov
Some classifications recognize a number of species in the scab-mite genus, Psoroptes, mites that are of considerable importance in livestock production and veterinary medicine. However, modern studies suggest that populations from some host species are not morphologically or genetically distinct, creating taxonomic confusion with older names, which treated mites from different hosts as separate species. We review the taxonomy and nomenclature of the genus and the two oldest binomens, most recently known as Psoroptes ovis and Psoroptes equi...
July 2015: Experimental & Applied Acarology
Chunmei Chen, Yuncheng Xia
OBJECTIVE: To determine the factors associated with the eff ect of steroid on adult primary nephrotic syndrome. METHODS: The general information, laboratory examination and renal pathological type of 425 patients with primary nephrotic syndrome were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Th ere were significant differences in the response to steroid among the pathological types of minimal change disease, focal segmental glomerulosclerosis and IgA nephropathy...
January 2015: Zhong Nan da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Central South University. Medical Sciences
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