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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453446/the-effects-of-neural-mobilization-on-cervical-radiculopathy-patients-pain-disability-rom-and-deep-flexor-endurance
#1
Dong-Gyu Kim, Sin Ho Chung, Ho Bal Jung
BACKGROUND: Cervical radiculopathy (CR) is a disease of the cervical spine and a space-occupying lesion that occurs because of pathological problems with cervical nerve roots. Nerve root injury to produce functional disability. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of neural mobilization with manual cervical traction (NMCT) compared with manual cervical traction (MCT) on pain, functional disability, muscle endurance, and range of motion (ROM) in individuals with CR patients...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449347/caregiving-for-older-adults-with-obesity-in-the-united-states
#2
Claire K Ankuda, John Harris, Katherine Ornstein, Deborah A Levine, Kenneth M Langa, Amy S Kelley
OBJECTIVES: To determine the difference in receipt of activity of daily living (ADL) assistance between obese and normal-weight older adults. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: National Health and Aging Trends Study, 2011-2015. PARTICIPANTS: U.S. adults aged 65 and older with ADL disability and a body mass index (BMI) of 18.5 kg/m(2) or greater (N = 5,612) MEASUREMENTS: BMI was classified as normal weight (18...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449220/survival-functional-status-and-eating-ability-after-percutaneous-endoscopic-gastrostomy-tube-placement-for-acute-stroke
#3
Karl Meisel, Robert M Arnold, Irena Stijacic Cenzer, John Boscardin, Alexander K Smith
OBJECTIVES: To determine the long-term survival and independence of individuals with stroke and percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube placement. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: A longitudinal nationally representative community-based sample of older adults. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with stroke who had a PEG tube placed (N = 174, mean age 79, 51% female, 29% African American). MEASUREMENTS: Functional status before incident stroke was determined based on data from the Health and Retirement Study (HRS), a national longitudinal survey of community-dwelling older adults, from 1993 to 2012...
April 27, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28449080/for-their-financial-benefit-determination-of-financial-capability-for-adult-beneficiaries-of-social-security-disability
#4
Julie Birkenmaier, María Aranda, Paul S Appelbaum, Marc A Norman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 26, 2017: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448720/mosaic-neurofibromatosis-type-1-in-children-a-single-institution-experience
#5
Irene Lara-Corrales, Mitra Moazzami, Maria Teresa García-Romero, Elena Pope, Patricia Parkin, Andrea Shugar, Peter Kannu
BACKGROUND: Neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) is a neurocutaneous disorder caused by loss-of-function mutation in the NF1 gene. Segmental or mosaic NF1 (MNF) is an uncommon presentation of the NF1 result of postzygotic mutations that present with subtle localised clinical findings. OBJECTIVES: Our study's objectives were to describe the clinical characteristics of children with MNF. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study of children diagnosed with MNF at the Hospital for Sick Children in Toronto, Canada, from January 1992 to September 2012...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447807/developing-a-measure-to-assess-identity-reconstruction-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Lara M Stepleman, Rebecca M Floyd, Abbey Valvano-Kelley, Lauren Penwell-Waines, Sarah Wonn, Danielle Crethers, Rebecca Rahn, Suzanne Smith
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE: To develop and test initial validation of a theory-driven quantitative measure of identity reconstruction in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) based upon previous qualitative research. Research Method/Design: This study uses a cross-sectional survey design, in which 137 patients living with MS were recruited from an outpatient MS Center in the Southeastern U.S. Participants completed demographic items, Identity Reconstruction Assessment Scales (IRAS), Patient Determined Disease Steps, Medical Outcomes Study Measures of Patient Adherence, Chronic Disease Self-Efficacy Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale, Leeds MS Quality of Life Questionnaire, MS-Related Stigma Scale, and Posttraumatic Growth Inventory-Short Form...
April 27, 2017: Rehabilitation Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447270/annual-incidences-of-visual-impairment-during-10-year-period-in-mie-prefecture-japan
#7
Kengo Ikesugi, Takako Ichio, Hideyuki Tsukitome, Mineo Kondo
PURPOSE: To determine the annual incidence of visual impairment in a Japanese population during a 10-year period. METHODS: We examined the physical disability certificates issued yearly between 2004 and 2013 in Mie prefecture, Japan. During this period 2468 visually impaired people were registered under the newly defined Act on Welfare of the Physically Disabled Persons' criteria. The age, sex distribution, and causes of visual impairment were determined from the certificates...
April 26, 2017: Japanese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447235/prevalence-of-musculoskeletal-diseases-in-a-semi-urban-nigerian-community-results-of-a-cross-sectional-survey-using-copcord-methodology
#8
Uhunmwangho U Courage, Dungwom P Stephen, Imoh C Lucius, Charles Ani, Agbaji O Oche, Agaba I Emmanuel, Adelowo O Olufemi
The International League of Associations for Rheumatology (ILAR) in collaboration with the World Health Organization (WHO) initiated the Community Oriented Program for the Control of Rheumatic diseases (COPCORD) to promote the growth of rheumatology in developing countries. This is the first COPCORD-type survey carried out in a West African community. The objective of this study was to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal diseases in a semi-urban Nigerian community, using the COPCORD methodology. This is a cross-sectional total population survey, carried out in Katon Rikkos, Jos, Nigeria, from June 2015 to November 2016...
April 26, 2017: Clinical Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445879/cytokine-and-chemokine-profiles-in-patients-with-neuromyelitis-optica-spectrum-disorder
#9
Yuge Wang, Yifan Zhou, Xiaobo Sun, Tingting Lu, Lei Wei, Ling Fang, Chen Chen, Qiao Huang, Xueqiang Hu, Zhengqi Lu, Lisheng Peng, Wei Qiu
OBJECTIVE: To screen cytokines and chemokines and determine their dynamic changes in the serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of patients with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD). METHODS: Eight NMOSD with seropositive aquaporin-4 antibody (AQP4-IgG) were enrolled, as well as 8 matched patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) and 8 with noninflammatory neurological diseases, who were included as controls. In total, 102 cytokines and 34 chemokines were detected in the CSF and serum of NMOSD patients and controls...
April 27, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445433/determinants-of-work-performance-in-workers-with-depression-and-anxiety-a-cross-sectional-study
#10
Ivana Ivandic, Kaloyan Kamenov, Diego Rojas, Gloria Cerón, Dennis Nowak, Carla Sabariego
Depression and anxiety are highly prevalent disorders with an impact on existential aspects of person's life, including employment i.e., work performance (WP). In order to develop appropriate strategies, it is essential to identify determinants of WP. The objective of this study was to identify the built, social, attitudinal and health system-related environmental determinants of WP in workers with anxiety or depression in total (N = 1211) and regarding the level of disability. Hierarchical binary logistic regression was performed on data obtained from implementation of the WHO Model Disability Survey (MDS) in Chile in 2015...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445406/a-pilot-study-of-mindfulness-meditation-for-pediatric-chronic-pain
#11
Lynn C Waelde, Amanda B Feinstein, Rashmi Bhandari, Anya Griffin, Isabel A Yoon, Brenda Golianu
Despite advances in psychological interventions for pediatric chronic pain, there has been little research examining mindfulness meditation for these conditions. This study presents data from a pilot clinical trial of a six-week manualized mindfulness meditation intervention offered to 20 adolescents aged 13-17 years. Measures of pain intensity, functional disability, depression and parent worry about their child's pain were obtained at baseline and post-treatment. Results indicated no significant changes in pain or depression, however functional disability and frequency of pain functioning complaints improved with small effect sizes...
April 26, 2017: Children
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445177/workplace-bullying-as-a-predictor-of-disability-retirement-a-prospective-registry-study-of-norwegian-employees
#12
Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Jan Shahid Emberland, Stein Knardahl
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine 1) whether bullying is related to all-cause disability retirement, 2) whether bullying contributes to the variance in disability retirement above high job demands and lack of job control, and 3) to establish gender differences in the relationship. METHODS: Survey data from 14,501 Norwegian employees on exposure factors linked to registry data on all-cause disability retirement. RESULTS: Bullying significantly predicted risk of disability retirement (hazard ratio = 1...
April 25, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443169/radiographic-analysis-of-the-lumbosacral-juncture-is-there-a-critical-sacral-angle-for-total-disc-replacement
#13
Rattalerk Arunakul, Melodie Metzger, Linda Kanim, Hyun Bae, Michael Kropf, Rick Delamarter
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of a patient cohort through a prospective study. PURPOSE: To determine whether there are correlations between radiographic measurements, including sacral slope (SS) and pelvic incidence (PI), and self-reported clinical outcomes among single-level L5/S1 ProDisc-L patients. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: The lumbosacral juncture presents unique biomechanical challenges with respect to artificial disc replacement (ADR) because of its orientation and consequential shear loading...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28443164/single-level-minimally-invasive-transforaminal-lumbar-interbody-fusion-provides-sustained-improvements-in-clinical-and-radiological-outcomes-up-to-5-years-postoperatively-in-patients-with-neurogenic-symptoms-secondary-to-spondylolisthesis
#14
Hamid Rahmatullah Bin Abd Razak, Priyesh Dhoke, Kae-Sian Tay, William Yeo, Wai-Mun Yue
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review of prospective registry data. PURPOSE: To determine 5-year clinical and radiological outcomes of single-level instrumented minimally invasive transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (MIS-TLIF) in patients with neurogenic symptoms secondary to spondylolisthesis. OVERVIEW OF LITERATURE: MIS-TLIF and open approaches have been shown to yield comparable outcomes. This is the first study to assess MIS-TLIF outcomes using the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) criterion...
April 2017: Asian Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441923/lowered-pon1-activities-are-strongly-associated-with-depression-and-bipolar-disorder-recurrence-of-hypo-mania-and-depression-increased-disability-and-lowered-quality-of-life
#15
Estefania Gastaldello Moreira, Dalmo Guilherme Correia, Kamila Landucci Bonifácio, Juliana Brum de Moraes, Fernanda Liboni Cavicchioli, Carolina Sampaio Nunes, Sandra Odebrecht Vargas Nunes, Heber Odebrecht Vargas, Décio Sabbatini Barbosa, Michael Maes
BACKGROUND: Mood disorders (MD) frequently co-exist with cardiovascular disease (CVD) and immune-inflammatory and oxidative stress are important shared pathophysiological pathways. Even though there is an extensive investigation of the enzyme paraoxonase 1 (PON1) as a biomarker of susceptibility for CVD, there are only few reports studying PON1 in MD. OBJECTIVES: To determine the association between PON1 activities as well as functional genotypes and MD diagnosis, clinical characteristics and outcomes...
April 26, 2017: World Journal of Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441894/self-directed-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-evaluation-of-a-home-automated-tele-management-system
#16
Susan S Conroy, Min Zhan, William J Culpepper, Walter Royal, Mitchell T Wallin
Introduction Physical rehabilitation is one of the few non-pharmaceutical therapies for maintaining or improving walking ability for patients with multiple sclerosis. However, travel distance to rehabilitation clinics, neurological disability and insurance coverage often limit access to specialised rehabilitation services. To address these issues, we utilised a web-based system to support a home-based self-directed exercise programme. Methods Patients ( n = 24) were randomised to either routine home rehabilitation or to the multiple sclerosis home automated tele-management system for a six-month period...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440839/refugee-health-and-rehabilitation-challenges-and-response
#17
Fary Khan, Bhasker Amatya
BACKGROUND: The current global refugee crisis poses major challenges in providing effective healthcare to refugees, particularly for non-communicable diseases (NCDs) management and disability. This article provides an overview of refugee health and potential challenges from the rehabilitation perspective. METHODS: A literature search (both academic and grey literature) was conducted using medical and health science electronic databases and internet search engines (2001-2016)...
April 21, 2017: Journal of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440252/adjustment-to-acquired-vision-loss-in-adults-presenting-for-visual-disability-certification
#18
Aditya Nakade, Jolly Rohatgi, Manjeet S Bhatia, Upreet Dhaliwal
CONTEXT: Rehabilitation of the visually disabled depends on how they adjust to loss; understanding contributing factors may help in effective rehabilitation. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess adjustment to acquired vision loss in adults. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This observational study, conducted in the Department of Ophthalmology at a tertiary-level teaching hospital, included thirty persons (25-65 years) with <6/60 in the better eye, and vision loss since ≥6-months...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439405/the-start-back-tool-in-chiropractic-practice-a-narrative-review
#19
REVIEW
Yasmeen Khan
BACKGROUND: The Keele STarT Back Tool was designed for primary care medical physicians in the UK to determine the risk for persistent disabling pain in patients with musculoskeletal pain and to tailor treatments accordingly. In medical and physical therapy settings, STarT Back Tool's tailored care plans improved patients' low back pain outcomes and lowered costs. OBJECTIVE: Review studies using the STarT Back Tool in chiropractic patient populations. METHODS: PubMed, The Cochrane Library, Index to Chiropractic Literature, and Science Direct databases were searched...
2017: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439103/brain-age-predicts-mortality
#20
J H Cole, S J Ritchie, M E Bastin, M C Valdés Hernández, S Muñoz Maniega, N Royle, J Corley, A Pattie, S E Harris, Q Zhang, N R Wray, P Redmond, R E Marioni, J M Starr, S R Cox, J M Wardlaw, D J Sharp, I J Deary
Age-associated disease and disability are placing a growing burden on society. However, ageing does not affect people uniformly. Hence, markers of the underlying biological ageing process are needed to help identify people at increased risk of age-associated physical and cognitive impairments and ultimately, death. Here, we present such a biomarker, 'brain-predicted age', derived using structural neuroimaging. Brain-predicted age was calculated using machine-learning analysis, trained on neuroimaging data from a large healthy reference sample (N=2001), then tested in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (N=669), to determine relationships with age-associated functional measures and mortality...
April 25, 2017: Molecular Psychiatry
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