keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Critical care oncology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635974/conceptual-issues-surrounding-quality-of-life-in-oncology-nursing
#1
Marie Flannery
Quality of life (QOL) is a critical, prevalent, and enduring concept in oncology nursing research and practice. QOL is a paramount issue in the consideration of treatment, goal planning, and decision making for individuals with cancer, their families, and their care providers. Journals, well-developed valid and reliable instruments, and multiple conceptual models and frameworks are devoted to QOL. This column will review two broad conceptual aspects to consider in relation to QOL. First, conceptual considerations will be discussed for the definition and measurement of QOL...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635972/experiences-and-concerns-of-lesbian-gay-or-bisexual-survivors-of-colorectal-cancer
#2
Allyson Baughman, Melissa A Clark, Ulrike Boehmer
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To identify the experiences and needs of lesbian, gay, or bisexual (LGB) survivors of colorectal cancer (CRC) and to expand the current understanding of LGB survivorship by obtaining in-depth knowledge of survivorship among individuals with a cancer other than breast or prostate. 
. RESEARCH APPROACH: Qualitative, semistructured individual interviews via telephone.
. SETTING: Participants were recruited using social media, flyers, word of mouth, and contact with LGB and cancer organizations during a four-month period...
May 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633000/nutrition-support-for-critically-ill-patients-with-cancer
#3
Kristen Lach, Sarah J Peterson
Oncology patients often experience the classic signs of malnutrition-weight loss as well as fat and muscle wasting, which have been associated with poor tolerance to treatment and increased morbidity and mortality. Nutrition status may be an important factor in determining tolerance to treatment and outcomes associated with it. Thus, identification of those with preexisting malnutrition or who are at risk for developing malnutrition is crucial not only at time of cancer diagnosis but also throughout the treatment course so that nutrition interventions may be implemented to prevent development or worsening of malnutrition in this high-risk population...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601828/colorectal-cancer-with-synchronous-liver-limited-metastases-the-protocol-of-an-inception-cohort-study-cosmic
#4
Ajith K Siriwardena, Anthony K C Chan, Agnieszka M Ignatowicz, James M Mason
INTRODUCTION: Colorectal cancer is the fourth most common cancer in the UK and an important cause of cancer-related death. In 20% of patients, there is metastasis to the liver or beyond at the time of diagnosis. The management of synchronous disease is complex. Conventional surgery removes the colorectal primary first, followed by chemotherapy, with resection of liver metastases as a final step. Advances in the availability and safety of liver surgery, anaesthesia and critical care have made two alternative options feasible...
June 9, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599300/cancer-and-the-kidney-dangereoux-liasons-or-price-paid-for-the-progress-in-medicine
#5
REVIEW
Jolanta Małyszko, Leszek Kozlowski, Klaudia Kozłowska, Maciej Małyszko, Jacek Małyszko
A long time ago, the links between renal disease and malignancy were observed, however, quite recently, their importance was recognized and 'new' subspecialty in nephrology, namely 'onconephrology' was established. In the XXI century, patients with malignancy make up the most growing number of the subjects seen for nephrology consult and/or critical care nephrology services. A plethora of renal problems may be found in patients with malignancy. They may influence not only their short-term outcomes but also the adequate therapy of the underlying oncological problem...
May 23, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597253/effectiveness-of-a-standardized-patient-education-program-on-therapy-related-side-effects-and-unplanned-therapy-interruptions-in-oral-cancer-therapy-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
C Riese, B Weiß, U Borges, A Beylich, R Dengler, K Hermes-Moll, M Welslau, W Baumann
PURPOSE: Oral agents for cancer treatment are increasingly prescribed due to their benefits. However, oral cancer medications are difficult to handle and have a considerable potential for side effects. This type of therapy requires a high level of self-management competence by the patient. A standardized patient education program provided by physicians and oncology nurses may positively influence the handling of oral agents. The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of a standardized patient education program provided by specially trained oncology nurses on therapy management regarding side effects and unplanned therapy interruptions...
June 9, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591173/overinterpretation-is-common-in-pathological-diagnosis-of-appendix-cancer-during-patient-referral-for-oncologic-care
#7
Mark A Valasek, Irene Thung, Esha Gollapalle, Alexey A Hodkoff, Kaitlyn J Kelly, Joel M Baumgartner, Vera Vavinskaya, Grace Y Lin, Ann P Tipps, Mojgan V Hosseini, Andrew M Lowy
CONTEXT: Low-grade appendiceal mucinous neoplasm (LAMN) and appendiceal adenocarcinoma are known to cause the majority of pseudomyxoma peritonei (PMP, i.e. mucinous ascites); however, recognition and proper classification of these neoplasms can be difficult despite established diagnostic criteria. OBJECTIVE: To determine the pathological diagnostic concordance for appendix neoplasia and related lesions during patient referral to an academic medical center specialized in treating patients with PMP...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588648/strategies-to-minimize-readmission-rates-following-major-urologic-surgery
#8
REVIEW
Janet Baack Kukreja, Ashish M Kamat
Readmissions after major surgical procedures are prevalent across multiple disciplines. Specifically, in urology, with incorporation of early discharge and recovery pathways, readmissions are emerging as an important problem and effecting an epidemic proportion of urology patients. As expected, readmissions have garnered the attention of major healthcare payers in the United States who see readmissions as easy targets because of the association with astronomical costs. More importantly, readmissions have a significant negative impact on patient sense of wellbeing, and places economic and other hardships on the doors of our patients and their families...
October 2017: Therapeutic Advances in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28585953/a-facile-strategy-for-fine-tuning-the-stability-and-drug-release-of-stimuli-responsive-cross-linked-micellar-nanoparticles-towards-precision-drug-delivery
#9
Kai Xiao, Tzu-Yin Lin, Kit S Lam, Yuanpei Li
Precision drug delivery has a great impact on the application of precision oncology for better patient care. Here we report a facile strategy for fine-tuning the stability, drug release and responsiveness of stimuli-responsive cross-linked nanoparticles towards precision drug delivery. A series of micellar nanoparticles with different levels of intramicellar disulfide crosslinkages could be conveniently produced with a mixed micelle approach. These micellar nanoparticles were all within a size range of 25-40 nm so that they could take full advantage of the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect for tumor-targeted drug delivery...
June 6, 2017: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578599/influence-of-chemotherapy-within-30-days-before-icu-admission-on-mortality-in-critically-ill-medical-patients-with-cancer
#10
Ricardo Pelayo Calderón, Pilar Sanz León, Pablo Rodríguez Monedero, Pilar Breñosa Calderón, Marc Vives, Alfredo Sánchez Panadero
BACKGROUND: The main objective was to determine whether the administration of chemotherapy (CT) during the month before intensive care unit (ICU) admission of medical patients with cancer influences the survival rate. The design was a single-institution observational cohort study in an ICU of a tertiary university hospital. METHODS: Our cohort included 248 oncology patients admitted to the ICU from 2005 to 2014 due to nonsurgical problems. Seventy-six (30.6%) patients had received CT in the month before admission (CT group) and 172 did not receive CT (control group)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28576842/toward-molecularly-driven-precision-medicine-in-lung-adenocarcinoma
#11
David Liu, Natalie I Vokes, Eliezer M Van Allen
Assessing the benefit of routine panel-based genomic sequencing of tumor tissue remains a critical need in clinical oncology. Jordan and coauthors report on 860 patients with metastatic or recurrent lung adenocarcinoma from a single institution with prospectively sequenced tumors using a targeted gene panel of >300 genes to guide therapy. Their results suggest that early prospective tumor sequencing, including non-standard-of-care predictive biomarkers combined with careful clinical annotation, can guide therapy, improve clinical outcomes, and accelerate the development of biomarkers and drugs...
June 2017: Cancer Discovery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567186/critical-evaluation-of-contemporary-management-in-a-new-pelvic-exenteration-unit-the-first-25-consecutive-cases
#12
Min Hoe Chew, Yu-Ting Yeh, Ee-Lin Toh, Stephen Aditya Sumarli, Ghee Kheng Chew, Lui Shiong Lee, Mann Hong Tan, Tiffany Priyanthi Hennedige, Shin Yi Ng, Say Kiat Lee, Tze Tec Chong, Hairil Rizal Abdullah, Terence Lin Hon Goh, Mohamed Zulfikar Rasheed, Kok Chai Tan, Choong Leong Tang
AIM: To critically appraise short-term outcomes in patients treated in a new Pelvic Exenteration (PE) Unit. METHODS: This retrospective observational study was conducted by analysing prospectively collected data for the first 25 patients (16 males, 9 females) who underwent PE for advanced pelvic tumours in our PE Unit between January 2012 and October 2016. Data evaluated included age, co-morbidities, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group (ECOG) status, preoperative adjuvant treatment, intra-operative blood loss, procedural duration, perioperative adverse event, lengths of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and hospital stay, and oncological outcome...
May 15, 2017: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28561681/cancer-care-and-control-as-a-human-right-recognizing-global-oncology-as-an-academic-field
#13
Alexandru E Eniu, Yehoda M Martei, Edward L Trimble, Lawrence N Shulman
The global burden of cancer incidence and mortality is on the rise. There are major differences in cancer fatality rates due to profound disparities in the burden and resource allocation for cancer care and control in developed compared with developing countries. The right to cancer care and control should be a human right accessible to all patients with cancer, regardless of geographic or economic region, to avoid unnecessary deaths and suffering from cancer. National cancer planning should include an integrated approach that incorporates a continuum of education, prevention, cancer diagnostics, treatment, survivorship, and palliative care...
2017: American Society of Clinical Oncology Educational Book
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550713/state-of-the-art-on-oocyte-cryopreservation-in-female-cancer-patients-a-critical-review-of-the-literature
#14
REVIEW
Claudia Massarotti, Paola Scaruffi, Matteo Lambertini, Valentino Remorgida, Lucia Del Mastro, Paola Anserini
During the last decades, important advances in therapeutic options have led to increased survival rates in cancer patients; however, cancer treatments are associated with several potential adverse effects including infertility in those diagnosed during their reproductive years. A proper discussion about fertility preservation options before the use of therapies with potential gonadotoxicity (i.e. oncofertility counseling) is standard of care and should be offered to all patients of childbearing age. Temporary ovarian suppression with LH-RH analogs, oocyte and embryo cryopreservation are standard strategies for fertility preservation in female cancer patients...
June 2017: Cancer Treatment Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548479/insular-gliomas-a-surgical-reappraisal-based-on-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#15
Domenico Murrone, Rodolfo Maduri, Afif Afif, Domenico Chirchiglia, Isabelle Pelissou-Guyotat, Jacques Guyotat, Francesco Signorelli
INTRODUCTION: Insular gliomas are heterogeneous lesions whose management presents multiple challenges for their tendency to affect young patients in good neurological and cognitive conditions, their deep anatomic location and proximity with critical functional and vascular structures. The appropriate management of insular gliomas requires a multidisciplinary evidence-centred teamwork grounded on the best anatomic, neurophysiological and oncological knowledge. The present study provides a reappraisal of the management of insular gliomas based on a systematic review of the literature with the aim of guiding clinicians in the management of such tumors...
May 25, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543422/defending-opioid-treatment-agreements-disclosure-not-promises
#16
Joshua B Rager, Peter H Schwartz
In order to receive controlled pain medications for chronic non-oncologic pain, patients often must sign a "narcotic contract" or "opioid treatment agreement" in which they promise not to give pills to others, use illegal drugs, or seek controlled medications from health care providers. In addition, they must agree to use the medication as prescribed and to come to the clinic for drug testing and pill counts. Patients acknowledge that if they violate the opioid treatment agreement (OTA), they may no longer receive controlled medications...
May 2017: Hastings Center Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537812/perspectives-of-patients-with-cancer-on-the-ethics-of-rapid-learning-health-systems
#17
Reshma Jagsi, Kent A Griffith, Aaron Sabolch, Rochelle Jones, Rebecca Spence, Raymond De Vries, David Grande, Angela R Bradbury
Purpose To inform the evolving implementation of CancerLinQ and other rapid-learning systems for oncology care, we sought to evaluate perspectives of patients with cancer regarding ethical issues. Methods Using the GfK Group online research panel, representative of the US population, we surveyed 875 patients with cancer; 621 (71%) responded. We evaluated perceptions of appropriateness (scored from 1 to 10; 10, very appropriate) using scenarios and compared responses by age, race, and education. We constructed a scaled measure of comfort with secondary use of deidentified medical information and evaluated its correlates in a multivariable model...
May 24, 2017: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28535742/electrolyte-disturbances-in-critically-ill-cancer-patients-an-endocrine-perspective
#18
Maryam I Khan, R Phillip Dellinger, Steven G Waguespack
Electrolyte disturbances are frequently encountered in critically ill oncology patients. Hyponatremia and hypernatremia as well as hypocalcemia and hypercalcemia are among the most commonly encountered electrolyte abnormalities. In the intensive care unit, management of critical electrolyte disturbances is focused on initial evaluation and immediate treatment plan to prevent severe complications. A PubMed search was performed to identify best available evidence for evaluation and management of dysnatremias, hypocalcemia, and hypercalcemia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531789/do-picu-patients-meet-technical-criteria-for-performing-indirect-calorimetry
#19
Megan R Beggs, Gonzalo Garcia Guerra, Bodil M K Larsen
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Indirect calorimetry (IC) is considered gold standard for assessing energy needs of critically ill children as predictive equations and clinical status indicators are often unreliable. Accurate assessment of energy requirements in this vulnerable population is essential given the high risk of over or underfeeding and the consequences thereof. The proportion of patients and patient days in pediatric intensive care (PICU) for which energy expenditure (EE) can be measured using IC is currently unknown...
October 2016: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530251/impact-of-resection-margin-status-on-oncological-outcomes-after-co2-laser-cordectomy
#20
P Aluffi Valletti, F Taranto, A Chiesa, F Pia, G Valente
The management of positive resection margins in micro-endoscopic glottic laser surgery remains a controversial and critical point. This study aims to assess the impact of margin status after transoral laser surgery on local control, survival and organ preservation rates; the decision- making process and treatment options in cases with positive margins are also discussed. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical and histological records of 308 consecutive patients with primary early glottic carcinoma (T1a, T1b, selected T2) and treated with endoscopic laser cordectomy...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
keyword
keyword
99205
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"