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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738402/a-pediatric-case-of-pituitary-macroadenoma-presenting-with-pituitary-apoplexy-and-cranial-nerve-involvement-case-report
#1
Mustafa Özçetin, Mehmet Karacı, Ertuğ Toroslu, Nurullah Edebali
Pituitary adenomas usually arise from the anterior lobe of the pituitary gland and are manifested with hormonal disorders or mass effect. Mass effect usually occurs in nonfunctional tumors. Pituitary adenomas may be manifested with visual field defects or rarely in the form of total oculomotor palsy. Visual field defect is most frequently in the form of bitemporal hemianopsia and superior temporal defect. Sudden loss of vision, papilledema and ophthalmoplegia may be observed. Pituitary apoplexy is defined as an acute clinical syndrome characterized with headache, vomiting, loss of vision, ophthalmoplegia and clouding of consciousness...
September 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27536917/characteristics-of-dehiscence-of-lamina-papyracea-found-on-computed-tomography-before-orbital-and-endoscopic-endonasal-surgeries
#2
Yoshiyuki Kitaguchi, Yasuhiro Takahashi, Jacqueline Mupas-Uy, Hirohiko Kakizaki
The aim of this study was to identify characteristics of dehiscence of the lamina papyracea found on computed tomography (CT) before orbital and endonasal endoscopic surgeries.The authors retrospectively reviewed the medical records of all patients who underwent orbital tumor removal, orbital decompression, and dacryocystorhinostomy from January 2012 to December 2015. The diagnosis of dehiscence of the lamina papyracea was made based on a bone defect with protrusion of orbital fat into the ethmoid sinus on CT, with no history of orbital trauma and/or eye movement disturbance on the same side...
October 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27134435/prosthetic-rehabilitation-of-an-orbital-defect-for-a-patient-with-hemifacial-atrophy
#3
Sanath Shetty, Fahad Mohammad, Rajesh Shetty, Kamalakanth Shenoy
Removal of an eye may be indicated in cases of congenital abnormality, severe trauma, or disease such as an infection, tumor, or malignancy. The disfigurement associated with a loss of an eye is often accompanied with physical problems, psychological trauma, and a poor quality of life. A prosthetic replacement is the treatment of choice to return the individual to his normal vocation by producing an acceptable and life-like appearance. This article describes prosthetic rehabilitation of a 19-year-old male suffering from facial hemiatrophy with the loss of his left eye due to retinoblastoma when he was 2-year-old using medically graded silicone material...
January 2016: Journal of Indian Prosthodontic Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26891178/unusual-case-of-traumatic-neuroma-of-the-orbit
#4
Simone Ulivieri, Giovanni Muscas, Clelia Miracco, Giuseppe Oliveri, Paolo Galluzzi, Antonio Giorgio
Traumatic or amputation neuromas are neoformations developing after damage to a peripheral nerve. They are not proper tumors but rather a reactive process or a frustrated attempt of nerve regeneration. Traumatic neuromas are potentially found in every sensory peripheral nerve and often at the site of past surgical intervention, including orbital surgery. A 29-year-old Northern African migrant presented progressive exophthalmos and progressive loss of acuity in left eye, which had started about 6 months before after a cranio-facial trauma caused by a violent assault...
2016: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26709674/adult-onset-retinoblastoma-a-diagnostic-dilemma
#5
Amit Raj, Sudesh Kumar Arya, Rajpal Singh Punia, Piyush Kohli
Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular tumor of childhood. About 95% of retinoblastoma cases are diagnosed before the age of 5 years. Not more than 30 cases of Adult-onset retinoblastoma have been reported in literature. A 32 year old male presented with a painful blind eye. There was sudden loss of vision accompanied by severe pain and redness in right eye about 1 year ago, for which some surgery was done with neither a gain in vision nor any relief from pain. Then he was put on maximum tolerable medical therapy, later cyclocryotherapy was done...
2016: Orbit
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26664491/infliximab-eye-drops-treatment-in-corneal-neovascularization
#6
O B Voiculescu, L M Voinea
Corneal neovascularization is a serious condition that may arise secondary to chemical burns, ischemia, infection, trauma, and inflammation and represents a major cause of blindness. This study investigated the efficacy of topical application of infliximab [tumor necrosis factor-a (TNF-a) monoclonal antibody] in the treatment of corneal neovascularization in the rabbit model.
October 2015: Journal of Medicine and Life
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26564927/sensorimotor-characteristics-of-neuro-ophthalmology-and-oculo-plastics-patients
#7
Alex Christoff
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Certified orthoptists are routinely required, as a standard component of outpatient care, to examine and identify the cause of double vision described by neuro-ophthalmology and oculo-plastics patients. Peer-reviewed articles in the strabismus literature describing the significance of this role of the orthoptists, especially in more complex cases of strabismus, do exist, but are outdated. The importance of creating a differential diagnosis in the understanding of the disease process is a well-recognized component of medical education and modern medicine...
2015: American Orthoptic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26558221/removal-of-the-eye-in-a-tertiary-care-center-of-china-a-retrospective-study-on-573-cases-in-20-years
#8
Ying Zhang, Mao-Nian Zhang, Xin Wang, Xiao-Fei Chen
AIM: To investigate the original protopathy, direct indications, clinical characteristics, complications of orbit plants and visual conditions of eye enucleation/evisceration. METHODS: A retrospective study of 573 eyes removed (573 inpatients) at Ophthalmology Department in a tertiary care center of China from January 1993 to December 2012 was completed. RESULTS: Cases underwent removal of the eye accounted for 2.15% of total ophthalmology inpatients, whose annual frequency declined from 3...
2015: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26475044/versatility-of-the-angularis-oris-axial-pattern-flap-for-facial-reconstruction
#9
Sara L Losinski, Bryden J Stanley, Sandra P Schallberger, Laura L Nelson, Heather A M Towle Millard
OBJECTIVE: To describe the versatility of the axial pattern flap based on the cutaneous perforating branch of the angularis oris artery for reconstruction of large facial defects in dogs, including complications and clinical outcomes. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective clinical case series. ANIMALS: Client-owned dogs (n = 8). METHODS: Facial flaps (n = 9) based at the commissure of the lip with a caudodorsal orientation were utilized, with established anatomical borders...
November 2015: Veterinary Surgery: VS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26296805/-orbit-part-1-anatomy-imaging-procedures-and-retrobulbar-lesions
#10
REVIEW
W Reith, U Yilmaz
The aim of this 2-part review article on diseases of the orbit is to give the reader an insight into the anatomical structure and an overview of the most important diseases in the area of the eye socket. The main focus is on a description of the imaging procedures and their individual advantages and disadvantages. The most important tumors, trauma and degenerative alterations of the orbit are also described.
August 2015: Der Radiologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26290503/case-descriptions-of-fibropapillomatosis-in-rehabilitating-loggerhead-sea-turtles-caretta-caretta-in-the-southeastern-usa
#11
Annie Page-Karjian, Terry M Norton, Craig Harms, Doug Mader, Larry H Herbst, Nancy Stedman, Nicole L Gottdenker
Fibropapillomatosis (FP) is a debilitating neoplastic disease that affects all species of hard-shelled sea turtles, including loggerhead turtles Caretta caretta. FP can represent an important clinical concern in rehabilitating turtles, since managing these infectious lesions often requires special husbandry provisions including quarantine, and FP may affect clinical progression, extend rehabilitation duration, and complicate prognoses. Here we describe cases of rehabilitating loggerhead turtles with FP (designated FP+)...
August 20, 2015: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26266382/pars-plana-vitrectomy-and-evisceration-resulting-in-death-due-to-misdiagnosis-of-retinoblastoma-in-children-a-review-of-3-cases
#12
Tao Shen, Rongjiao Liu, Jing Lin, Huiqun Huang, Xiuling Li, Jianhua Yan
Retinoblastoma is a curable intraocular malignancy in children. However, in clinical practice, retinoblastoma can sometimes be misdiagnosed and mismanaged, leading to extraocular extension and even death. In this report, a series of 3 cases are related that emphasize the conditions and consequences resulting from misdiagnosis and mismanagement of retinoblastoma. The clinical features, imaging findings, histopatholigical examination, and management in 3 case reports of children with misdiagnosed retinoblastoma are presented...
August 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26193918/lacrimal-gland-volume-changes-in-unilateral-primary-acquired-nasolacrimal-obstruction
#13
Alper Yazici, Erdogan Bulbul, Hasmet Yazici, Esin Sari, Nesime Tiskaoglu, Bahar Yanik, Samet Ermis
PURPOSE: To investigate whether unilateral primary acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (PANDO) causes Schirmer score and lacrimal gland volume changes in the contralateral non-PANDO eye. METHODS: Sixteen unilateral female PANDO and 16 female controls were enrolled in the study. Exclusion criteria were orbital trauma, inflammation, infection, tumor involvement or infiltrative diseases, history of ocular surgery, ocular surface disorder, systemic drug use that interferes with tear secretion, and chronic use of topical eye drops...
July 2015: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26180471/ophthalmic-features-of-outpatient-children-diagnosed-with-intracranial-space-occupying-lesions-by-ophthalmologists
#14
Nayef Alswaina, Sahar M Elkhamary, Mansour A Shammari, Arif O Khan
INTRODUCTION: Brain tumors in children often involve the visual system, but most retrospective series are by neurologists or oncologists. In this study we highlight the ophthalmic findings of outpatient children with visual complaints and/or strabismus who, based on ophthalmic examination, were suspected to and confirmed to harbor intracranial space-occupying lesions by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective case series of children (less than 18 years) who for visual complaints and/or strabismus underwent cranial MRI at a referral eye hospital (2005-2012), which revealed intracranial space-occupying lesions...
July 2015: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26130328/the-significance-of-the-discordant-occurrence-of-lens-tumors-in-humans-versus-other-species
#15
Daniel M Albert, Paul O Phelps, Krishna R Surapaneni, Bradley A Thuro, Heather A D Potter, Akihiro Ikeda, Leandro B C Teixeira, Richard R Dubielzig
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine in which species and under what conditions lens tumors occur. DESIGN: A review of databases of available human and veterinary ocular pathologic material and the previously reported literature. PARTICIPANTS: Approximately 18 000 patients who had ocular surgical specimens submitted and studied at the University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health between 1920 and 2014 and 45 000 ocular veterinary cases from the Comparative Ocular Pathology Laboratory of Wisconsin between 1983 and 2014...
September 2015: Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25950683/ethmoid-osteoma-as-a-culprit-of-orbital-emphysema-a-case-report
#16
Ai Zhuang, Yinwei Li, Ming Lin, Wodong Shi, Xianqun Fan
Orbital emphysema is generally recognized as a complication of orbital fractures involving any paranasal sinuses. The recognition about its etiology has extended beyond sole trauma, but few articles mentioned tumors to be a possible cause.In this case report, we present a patient with orbital emphysema associated with ethmoid osteoma without orbital cellulitis or trauma history. The patient developed sudden proptosis, eyelid swelling, and movement limitation of the left eye, peripheral diplopia, and left periorbital crepitus after a vigorous nose blowing...
May 2015: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25390967/central-retinal-artery-occlusion-secondary-to-optic-disk-melanocytoma
#17
Pukhraj Rishi, Ramesh Venkatesh
PURPOSE: To report a case of central retinal artery occlusion with cilioretinal artery sparing associated with an optic disk melanocytoma. METHODS: Retrospective observational case report. RESULTS: A 29-year-old healthy male adult presented with sudden profound visual loss in the right eye since the past 3 days. His medical history was unremarkable with no history of antecedent trauma. Best-corrected visual acuity was 6/36 in the right eye and 6/6 in the left eye...
2012: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25390839/angioid-streaks-and-optic-nerve-head-drusen-in-hyperphosphatemic-familial-tumoral-calcinosis
#18
Dustin Pomerleau, Richard H Roe, H Richard McDonald, Robert N Johnson, Everett Ai, J Michael Jumper, Arthur D Fu, Emmett T Cunningham, Robert W Wong
PURPOSE: To describe a patient with angioid streaks and optic nerve head drusen associated with familial tumoral calcinosis (FTC). DESIGN: Retrospective, observational case report. METHODS: The patient's records were reviewed. RESULTS: After receiving blunt trauma to the head, the patient presented with loss of vision in the left eye. Fundus examination revealed bilateral angioid streaks, optic nerve head drusen, and choroidal ruptures associated with subretinal hemorrhages...
2009: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25206159/customization-of-stock-eye-prosthesis-for-a-pediatric-patient-by-a-simplified-technique
#19
Sunit Kumar Jurel, Naina Talwar, Pooran Chand, Raghuwar D Singh, Durga Shanker Gupta
The unfortunate loss or absence of an eye may be caused by congenital defect , irreparable trauma, tumor or blind eye. The role of the maxillofacial prosthodontist in fabricating an ocular prosthesis to restore facial symmetry and normal appearance for the anophthalmic patient becomes essential. A custom-made ocular prosthesis is an excellent alternative for the people who lose their eye especially in young age. It has acceptable fit, retention and esthetics but is technically difficult to fabricate. On the other hand the stock eye has compromised fit and poor esthetics...
May 2012: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25175596/magnetic-graphene-based-nanotheranostic-agent-for-dual-modality-mapping-guided-photothermal-therapy-in-regional-lymph-nodal-metastasis-of-pancreatic-cancer
#20
Sheng Wang, Qin Zhang, Xian F Luo, Ji Li, Hang He, Feng Yang, Yang Di, Chen Jin, Xin G Jiang, Shun Shen, De L Fu
Although regional lymph nodes (RLN) dissection remains the only way to cure pancreatic cancer metastasis, it is unavoidably associated with sizable trauma, multiple complications, and low surgical resection rates. Thus, exploring a treatment approach for the ablation of drug-resistant pancreatic cancer is always of great concern. Moreover, reoperative and intraoperative mapping of RLN is also important during treatment, because only a few lymph nodes can be detected by the naked eye. In our study, graphene oxides modified with iron oxide nanoparticles (GO-IONP) as a nanotheranostic agent is firstly developed to diagnose and treat RLN metastasis of pancreatic cancer...
November 2014: Biomaterials
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