keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Elderly individuals

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677930/a-predictive-model-for-acute-admission-in-aged-population
#1
Marjan Mansourvar, Karen Andersen-Ranberg, Christian Nøhr, Uffe Kock Wiil
Acute hospital admission among the elderly population is very common and have a high impact on the health services and the community, as well as on the individuals. Several studies have focused on the possible risk factors, however, predicting who is at risk for acute hospitalization associated with disease and symptoms is still an open research question. In this study, we investigate the use of machine learning algorithms for predicting acute admission in older people based on admission data from individual citizens 70 years and older who were hospitalized in the acute medical unit of Svendborg Hospital in Denmark...
2018: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676499/responsibility-and-age-related-dementia
#2
Petr Frantik
This article identifies the assumption of responsibility as a basic need of human beings and applies the concept specifically to older people with dementia or Alzheimer's disease. It suggests a two-level concept of responsibility, based on the approach of discourse ethicist Karl-Otto Apel, as a promising approach to recognizing human diversity while at the same time respecting people's equal rights to participate in discourse. This concept can serve as a theoretical starting point for the construction of individually adapted types of responsibility...
May 2018: Bioethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676293/association-between-polymorphism-of-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-tnf%C3%AE-in-the-region-308-g-a-with-tinnitus-in-the-elderly-with-a-history-of-occupational-noise-exposure
#3
Luciana L M Marchiori, Ana C M Dias, Alyne S Gonçalvez, Regina C Poly-Frederico, Marcelo Y Doi
Context: Tinnitus is a common disorder that occurs frequently across all strata of population and has an important health concern and is often associated with different forms of the hearing loss of varying severity. Aims: To investigate the association between the polymorphism of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) in the region -308 G/A with the susceptibility to tinnitus in individuals with the history of exposure to occupational noise. Settings and Design: This was a cross-sectional study with a sample of 179 independent elderly people above 60 years of age...
March 2018: Noise & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675037/age-related-differences-in-cortical-and-subcortical-activities-during-observation-and-motor-imagery-of-dynamic-postural-tasks-an-fmri-study
#4
A Mouthon, J Ruffieux, M Mouthon, H-M Hoogewoud, J-M Annoni, W Taube
Age-related changes in brain activation other than in the primary motor cortex are not well known with respect to dynamic balance control. Therefore, the current study aimed to explore age-related differences in the control of static and dynamic postural tasks using fMRI during mental simulation of balance tasks. For this purpose, 16 elderly (72 ± 5 years) and 16 young adults (27 ± 5 years) were asked to mentally simulate a static and a dynamic balance task by motor imagery (MI), action observation (AO), or the combination of AO and MI (AO + MI)...
2018: Neural Plasticity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673837/movements-of-older-adults-during-exergaming-interventions-that-are-associated-with-the-systems-framework-for-postural-control-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Robin Tahmosybayat, Katherine Baker, Alan Godfrey, Nick Caplan, Gill Barry
One in three older adults fall annually, in part due to impairments in the physiological systems that make up the postural control (PC) system. Exercise, particularly balance training, helps to prevent deterioration and even to improve outcomes in the PC system. Exergaming (exercise-gaming) is interactive computer gaming whereby an individual moves the body in response to onscreen cues in a playful format. Exergaming is an alternative method to standard practice for improving PC outcomes, which has been shown to reduce the risk of falling...
May 2018: Maturitas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673234/active-and-assisted-living-ecosystem-for-the-elderly
#6
Isabel Marcelino, Rosalía Laza, Patrício Domingues, Silvana Gómez-Meire, Florentino Fdez-Riverola, António Pereira
A novel ecosystem to promote the physical, emotional and psychic health and well-being of the elderly is presented. Our proposal was designed to add several services developed to meet the needs of the senior population, namely services to improve social inclusion and increase contribution to society. Moreover, the solution monitors the vital signs of elderly individuals, as well as environmental parameters and behavior patterns, in order to seek eminent danger situations and predict potential hazardous issues, acting in accordance with the various alert levels specified for each individual...
April 17, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673116/intrinsic-spontaneous-brain-activity-predicts-individual-variability-in-associative-memory-in-older-adults
#7
Zhiwei Zheng, Rui Li, Fengqiu Xiao, Rongqiao He, Shouzi Zhang, Juan Li
Older adults demonstrate notable individual differences in associative memory. Here, resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (rsfMRI) was used to investigate whether intrinsic brain activity at rest could predict individual differences in associative memory among cognitively healthy older adults. Regional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF) analysis and a correlation-based resting-state functional connectivity (RSFC) approach were used to analyze data acquired from 102 cognitively normal elderly who completed the paired-associative learning test (PALT) and underwent fMRI scans...
April 19, 2018: PsyCh Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29672352/association-of-activities-of-daily-living-with-the-load-during-step-ascent-motion-in-nursing-home-residing-elderly-individuals
#8
Mitsuhiro Masaki, Tome Ikezoe, Midori Kamiya, Kojiro Araki, Ryo Isono, Takehiro Kato, Ken Kusano, Masayo Tanaka, Syunsuke Sato, Tetsuya Hirono, Kiyoshi Kita, Tadao Tsuboyama, Noriaki Ichihashi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to examine the association of independence in ADL with the loads during step ascent motion and other motor functions in 32 nursing home-residing elderly individuals. DESIGN: Independence in ADL was assessed by using the functional independence measure (FIM). The loads at the upper (i.e., pulling up) and lower (i.e., pushing up) levels during step ascent task was measured on a step ascent platform. Hip extensor, knee extensor, plantar flexor muscle, and quadriceps setting strengths; lower extremity agility using the stepping test; and hip and knee joint pain severities were measured...
April 19, 2018: American Journal of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671813/association-of-anthropometric-indices-of-obesity-with-hypertension-in-chinese-elderly-an-analysis-of-age-and-gender-differences
#9
Qian Wang, Lingzhong Xu, Jiajia Li, Long Sun, Wenzhe Qin, Gan Ding, Jing Zhu, Jiao Zhang, Zihang Yu, Su Xie
This study aims to explore the association of anthropometric indices of obesity with hypertension in Chinese elderly and its possible gender and age differences. A total of 7070 adults age 60 or older were interviewed in a cross-sectional study conducted in 2017. Anthropometric indices for each participant were measured by using standard methods of trained doctoral/master students. We performed two binary logistic regression models to examine the association of the nine different anthropometric indices and hypertension by gender...
April 19, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29671766/protein-intake-and-distribution-in-relation-to-physical-functioning-and-quality-of-life-in-community-dwelling-elderly-people-acknowledging-the-role-of-physical-activity
#10
Dominique S M Ten Haaf, Ellen J I van Dongen, Malou A H Nuijten, Thijs M H Eijsvogels, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Maria T E Hopman
Increasing total protein intake and a spread protein intake distribution are potential strategies to attenuate sarcopenia related loss of physical function and quality of life. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate whether protein intake and protein intake distribution are associated with muscle strength, physical function and quality of life in community-dwelling elderly people with a wide range of physical activity. Dietary and physical activity data were obtained from two studies (N = 140, age 81 ± 6, 64% male), with the following outcome measures: physical functioning (Short Physical Performance Battery (SPPB), comprising balance, gait speed and chair rise tests), handgrip strength and quality of life (EQ-5D-5L)...
April 19, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29670482/evaluation-of-the-immunization-program-in-the-federation-of-bosnia-and-herzegovina-possible-modalities-for-improvement
#11
Fuad Husic, Zaim Jatic, Anes Joguncic, Lutvo Sporisevic
Introduction: Immunization is a lifelong preventive activity that helps prevent/reduce disease, prevent/ reduce mortality and prevent disability from specific infectious diseases. Material and Methods: Authors of this paper researched the WHO extended program of mandatory immunization of children from birth to the age of 18 years and analyzed how it has been implemented in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FB&H), because the guidelines of the specialist physician societies on immunization of adults, elderly people and risk groups of the population are missing...
March 2018: Materia Socio-medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669646/the-effect-of-individual-reminiscence-therapy-on-self-esteem-and-depression-among-institutionalized-elderly-in-india
#12
Catherine Poorneselvan, Lorraine Steefel
Nurses often elicit patients' stories as a means to an end-for example, getting to know patients better and providing better care or treatments. However, the act of listening in itself can be therapeutic. Through the use of reminiscence therapy (RT), eliciting stories from elderly residents of a nursing home in India improved their sense of well-being. This article describes a study of the use of RT and presents one resident's story.
April 1, 2018: Creative Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29669170/risk-factors-for-hepatocellular-carcinoma-by-age-sex-and-liver-disorder-status-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-korea
#13
Sang-Wook Yi, Ja-Sung Choi, Jee-Jeon Yi, Yong-Ho Lee, Ki Jun Han
BACKGROUND: To the authors' knowledge, relatively little is known regarding the interaction of risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with age, sex, and liver disorder status. METHODS: The authors followed 504,646 Korean patients aged 40 to 80 years who underwent routine health checkups between 2002 and 2003 until 2013 via linkage to national hospital discharge records. RESULTS: HCC occurred in 2744 individuals. In the sex-adjusted and age-adjusted analysis, cirrhosis increased the incidence of HCC by 42-fold, followed by hepatitis B virus (21-fold), hepatitis C virus (HCV; 19-fold), male sex (4...
April 18, 2018: Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668326/effects-of-aging-and-exercise-training-on-leg-hemodynamics-and-oxidative-metabolism-in-the-transition-from-rest-to-steady-state-exercise-role-of-cgmp-signaling
#14
Peter Piil, Tue Smith Jørgensen, Jon Egelund, Nicolai Rytter, Lasse Gliemann, Jens Bangsbo, Ylva Hellsten, Michael Nyberg
Aging is associated with slower skeletal muscle O2 uptake (VO2 ) kinetics; however, the mechanisms underlying this effect of age are unclear. Also, the effects of exercise training in elderly on the initial vascular and metabolic response to exercise remain to be elucidated. We measured leg hemodynamics and oxidative metabolism in the transition from rest to steady state exercise engaging the knee-extensor muscles in young (n=15, 25{plus minus}1 years) and older (n=15, 72{plus minus}1 years) subjects before and after a period of aerobic high-intensity exercise training...
April 18, 2018: American Journal of Physiology. Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668299/effects-of-using-insoles-of-different-thicknesses-in-older-adults-which-thickness-has-the-best-impact-on-postural-stability-and-risk-of-falling
#15
Öznur Büyükturan, Serdar Demirci, Buket Büyükturan, Yavuz Yakut
BACKGROUND: Postural stability (PS) problems arise as an individual grows older, and as a result, risk of falling (RoF) increases in older adults. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of insoles of various thicknesses on PS and RoF in older adults. METHODS: Fifty-six individuals participated in the study. PS and RoF were evaluated both statically and dynamically using Biodex Balance System. PS and RoF assessments were perfomed under five different conditions: 1) barefoot, 2) only shoes, 3) with 5 mm insole, 4) with 10 mm insole, 5) with 15 mm insole...
April 18, 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667420/spirituality-and-wellbeing-in-later-life-a-multidimensional-approach
#16
Rinat Lifshitz, Galit Nimrod, Yaacov G Bachner
OBJECTIVES: Previous studies pointed at positive associations between spirituality and Subjective Wellbeing (SWB) in later life, but were typically limited to one dimension of spirituality and/or one measure of SWB. Applying Fisher's (2010) multidimensional approach to spirituality and measuring both positive and negative aspects of SWB, this study aims at providing deeper understanding of this association. METHOD: The study was based on an online survey with 306 individuals aged 50 years and over...
April 18, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29667007/failure-in-diagnosis-and-under-treatment-of-osteoporosis-in-elderly-patients-with-fragility-fractures
#17
Sofia Bougioukli, Panagoula Κollia, Theodora Koromila, Sokratis Varitimidis, Michael Hantes, Theofilos Karachalios, Κonstantinos Ν Malizos, Zoe H Dailiana
We evaluated whether osteoporosis is adequately managed and treated in patients suffering from fragility fractures. Factors that influenced osteoporosis diagnosis and treatment rates were also assessed. To this end, patients with the principal diagnosis of low-energy hip, vertebral, or distal radius fractures were recruited for the study. Collected data included risk factors for osteoporosis, history of previous fractures, known history of osteoporosis, and osteoporosis treatment at the time of admission. The patients' prefracture risk profile was also assessed to determine whether osteoporosis could have been identified prior to the index fracture...
April 17, 2018: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666594/association-of-lower-spiritual-well-being-social-support-self-esteem-subjective-well-being-optimism-and-hope-scores-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-mild-dementia
#18
Sabrina B Dos Santos, Gabrielli P Rocha, Liana L Fernandez, Analuiza C de Padua, Caroline T Reppold
Introduction: Positive psychology (PP) constructs contribute significantly to a better quality of life for people with various diseases. There are still few studies that have evaluated the evolution of these aspects during the progression of dementia. Objective: To compare the scores for self-esteem, life satisfaction, affect, spirituality, hope, optimism and perceived support network between elderly people with mild cognitive impairment (MCI), mild dementia and moderate dementia and control group. Methods: Cross-sectional study...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664994/predictors-of-mortality-with-staphylococcus-aureus-bacteremia-in-elderly-adults
#19
Matteo Bassetti, Elda Righi, Paola Del Giacomo, Assunta Sartor, Filippo Ansaldi, Cecilia Trucchi, Cristiano Alicino, Enrico Maria Trecarichi, Teresa Spanu, Chiara Paganino, Mario Tumbarello, Alessia Carnelutti
OBJECTIVES: To analyze risk factors for early and late mortality in individuals aged 75 and older with Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia (SAB) in Italy. DESIGN: Four-year retrospective observational study (January 2011-December 2014). SETTING: Two tertiary care university hospitals in Italy (Santa Maria Misericordia Hospital in Udine, Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli in Rome). PARTICIPANTS: All adults consecutively admitted with SAB...
April 17, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29663151/inappropriate-use-of-antimicrobials-for-lower-respiratory-tract-infections-in-elderly-patients-patient-and-community-related-implications-and-possible-interventions
#20
Inger van Heijl, Valentijn A Schweitzer, Lufang Zhang, Paul D van der Linden, Cornelis H van Werkhoven, Douwe F Postma
The elderly are more susceptible to infections, which is reflected in the incidence and mortality of lower respiratory tract infections (LRTIs) increasing with age. Several aspects of antimicrobial use for LRTIs in elderly patients should be considered to determine appropriateness. We discuss possible differences in microbial etiology between elderly and younger adults, definitions of inappropriate antimicrobial use for LRTIs currently found in the literature, along with their results, and the possible negative impact of antimicrobial therapy at both an individual and community level...
April 16, 2018: Drugs & Aging
keyword
keyword
99195
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"