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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933636/primary-headaches-in-an-elderly-population-seeking-medical-care-for-cognitive-decline
#1
Michele Feleppa, Silvia Fucci, Marcelo E Bigal
OBJECTIVES: To assess the prevalence of specific headache disorders in a population older than 65 years seeking consultation due to memory problems or cognitive impairment. METHODS: We verified the occurrence of headache symptoms and the impact of headaches on daily life. Headaches were classified as per the International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd edition (ICHD-2). All patients were screened with the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE), followed by the Selective Reminding Test and neuroimaging...
December 9, 2016: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933294/branched-chain-amino-acid-levels-are-related-with-surrogates-of-disturbed-lipid-metabolism-among-older-men
#2
Urho M Kujala, Markku Peltonen, Merja K Laine, Jaakko Kaprio, Olli J Heinonen, Jouko Sundvall, Johan G Eriksson, Antti Jula, Seppo Sarna, Heikki Kainulainen
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: Existing studies suggest that decreased branched-chain amino acid (BCAA) catabolism and thus elevated levels in blood are associated with metabolic disturbances. Based on such information, we have developed a hypothesis how BCAA degradation mechanistically connects to tricarboxylic acid cycle, intramyocellular lipid storage, and oxidation, thus allowing more efficient mitochondrial energy production from lipids as well as providing better metabolic health. We analyzed whether data from aged Finnish men are in line with our mechanistic hypothesis linking BCAA catabolism and metabolic disturbances...
2016: Frontiers in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933066/functionally-diverse-nk-like-t-cells-are-effectors-and-predictors-of-successful-aging
#3
REVIEW
Joshua J Michel, Patricia Griffin, Abbe N Vallejo
The fundamental challenge of aging and long-term survivorship is maintenance of functional independence and compression of morbidity despite a life history of disease. Inasmuch as immunity is a determinant of individual health and fitness, unraveling novel mechanisms of immune homeostasis in late life is of paramount interest. Comparative studies of young and old persons have documented age-related atrophy of the thymus, the contraction of diversity of the T cell receptor (TCR) repertoire, and the intrinsic inefficiency of classical TCR signaling in aged T cells...
2016: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933029/drifting-through-basic-subprocesses-of-reading-a-hierarchical-diffusion-model-analysis-of-age-effects-on-visual-word-recognition
#4
Eva Froehlich, Johanna Liebig, Johannes C Ziegler, Mario Braun, Ulman Lindenberger, Hauke R Heekeren, Arthur M Jacobs
Reading is one of the most popular leisure activities and it is routinely performed by most individuals even in old age. Successful reading enables older people to master and actively participate in everyday life and maintain functional independence. Yet, reading comprises a multitude of subprocesses and it is undoubtedly one of the most complex accomplishments of the human brain. Not surprisingly, findings of age-related effects on word recognition and reading have been partly contradictory and are often confined to only one of four central reading subprocesses, i...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933014/validation-of-the-vanderbilt-holistic-face-processing-test
#5
Chao-Chih Wang, David A Ross, Isabel Gauthier, Jennifer J Richler
The Vanderbilt Holistic Face Processing Test (VHPT-F) is a new measure of holistic face processing with better psychometric properties relative to prior measures developed for group studies (Richler et al., 2014). In fields where psychologists study individual differences, validation studies are commonplace and the concurrent validity of a new measure is established by comparing it to an older measure with established validity. We follow this approach and test whether the VHPT-F measures the same construct as the composite task, which is group-based measure at the center of the large literature on holistic face processing...
2016: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932869/person-centered-dementia-care-current-perspectives
#6
REVIEW
Jill Manthorpe, Kritika Samsi
Person-centered dementia care is widely accepted as a value-based commitment to supporting people with dementia and is a guiding principle in care services. Policy ambitions to put people at the center of their own care are being developed internationally. These may be seen as part of the evolution of person-centered care which has its origins in critical perspectives on practice and social responses to people with dementia. In England, one further development of person-centered care has been personalization - a government policy to extend individuals' choice and control over their social care and, latterly, ways to meet their health care needs...
2016: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932742/differences-in-cancer-characteristics-of-chinese-patients-with-prostate-cancer-who-present-with-different-symptoms
#7
S Ys Chan, C F Ng, K Wm Lee, C H Yee, P Kf Chiu, J Yc Teoh, S Sm Hou
INTRODUCTION: Currently there is no structured prostate cancer screening programme in Asia. Early diagnosis of prostate cancer in Asia is by an opportunistic case-finding approach, that is, offering prostate-specific antigen testing to an individual without obvious symptoms of prostate cancer. In this study, we aimed to investigate the relationship between the mode of presentation and the characteristics of prostate cancers diagnosed in our hospital. METHODS: We recruited 120 consecutive Chinese patients with prostate cancer newly diagnosed from September 2011 to February 2013 in a regional hospital in Hong Kong...
December 9, 2016: Hong Kong Medical Journal, Xianggang Yi Xue za Zhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932360/the-effects-of-a-high-intensity-functional-exercise-group-on-clinical-outcomes-in-hospitalised-older-adults-an-assessor-blinded-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Melissa J M Raymond, Kimberley J Jeffs, Adele Winter, Sze-Ee Soh, Peter Hunter, Anne E Holland
OBJECTIVE: to investigate a high-intensity functional exercise (HIFE) group in hospitalised older adults. DESIGN: assessor-blinded, randomised-controlled trial. SETTING: sub-acute wards at a metropolitan rehabilitation hospital. PARTICIPANTS: older adults ≥65 years (n = 468) able to stand with minimum assistance or less from a chair and follow instructions. INTERVENTION: 'group' participants were offered a standing HIFE group three times a week and individual physiotherapy sessions twice a week...
December 7, 2016: Age and Ageing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27932013/socio-economic-inequalities-in-health-and-health-service-use-among-older-adults-in-india-results-from-the-who-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-survey
#9
E M Brinda, J Attermann, U G Gerdtham, U Enemark
OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to measure socio-economic inequalities in self-reported health (SRH) and healthcare visits and to identify factors contributing to health inequalities among older people aged 50-plus years. STUDY DESIGN: This study is based on a population-based, cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We accessed data of 7150 older adults from the World Health Organization's Study on Global AGEing and adult health Indian survey...
December 2016: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931772/the-impact-of-depressive-symptoms-on-healthcare-costs-in-late-life-longitudinal-findings-from-the-agemoode-study
#10
Jens-Oliver Bock, André Hajek, Siegfried Weyerer, Jochen Werle, Michael Wagner, Wolfgang Maier, Anne Stark, Hanna Kaduszkiewicz, Birgitt Wiese, Lilia Moor, Janine Stein, Steffi G Riedel-Heller, Hans-Helmut König
OBJECTIVE: To examine whether depressive symptoms affect healthcare costs in old age longitudinally. DESIGN: Multicenter prospective observational cohort study (two waves with nt1 = 1,195 and nt2 = 951) in Germany. SETTING: Community. PARTICIPANTS: Participants aged 75 years and older recruited via general practitioners. MEASUREMENTS: Depressive symptoms were assessed by the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS)...
November 2, 2016: American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931613/later-onset-fabry-disease-cardiac-damage-progress-in-silence-experience-with-a-highly-prevalent-mutation
#11
Ting-Rong Hsu, Sheng-Che Hung, Fu-Pang Chang, Wen-Chung Yu, Shih-Hsien Sung, Chia-Lin Hsu, Ivan Dzhagalov, Chia-Feng Yang, Tzu-Hung Chu, Han-Jui Lee, Yung-Hsiu Lu, Sheng-Kai Chang, Hsuan-Chieh Liao, Hsiang-Yu Lin, Tsan-Chieh Liao, Pi-Chang Lee, Hsing-Yuan Li, An-Hang Yang, Hui-Chen Ho, Chuan-Chi Chiang, Ching-Yuang Lin, Robert J Desnick, Dau-Ming Niu
BACKGROUND: Recently, several studies revealed a much higher prevalence of later onset Fabry disease (FD) than previously expected. It suggested that later onset FD might present as an important hidden health issue in certain ethnic or demographic populations in the world. However, the natural history of its phenotype has not been systemically investigated, especially the cardiac involvement. OBJECTIVES: The study analyzed a large-scale newborn screening program for FD to understand the natural course of later onset FD...
December 13, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931605/bariatric-surgery-and-the-risk-of-new-onset-atrial-fibrillation-in-swedish%C3%A2-obese-subjects
#12
Shabbar Jamaly, Lena Carlsson, Markku Peltonen, Peter Jacobson, Lars Sjöström, Kristjan Karason
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a risk factor for atrial fibrillation, which in turn is associated with stroke, heart failure, and increased all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated whether weight loss through bariatric surgery may reduce the risk of new-onset atrial fibrillation. METHODS: SOS (Swedish Obese Subjects) is a prospective matched cohort study conducted at 25 surgical departments and 480 primary healthcare centers in Sweden...
December 13, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931232/retention-in-georgia-opioid-substitution-therapy-program-and-associated-factors
#13
Ekaterine Ruadze, Khatuna Todadze
BACKGROUND: Substance abuse has been considered as a growing challenge in Georgia that is closely linked with human immune deficiency virus (HIV) and hepatitis C transmission due to unsafe injection and other uncontrolled behaviors. Methadone maintenance therapy is one of the major treatment options for opioid-dependent individuals. It has proven efficacy in decreasing illegal opioid consumption and criminal behavior as well as reducing the level of HIV infection, mortality, HCV infection, and increasing social functioning...
December 8, 2016: Harm Reduction Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931197/reaching-the-elderly-understanding-of-health-and-preventive-experiences-for-a-tailored-approach-results-of-a-qualitative-study
#14
Christiane Patzelt, Susanne Heim, Bernhilde Deitermann, Gudrun Theile, Christian Krauth, Eva Hummers-Pradier, Ulla Walter
BACKGROUND: Often preventive measures are not accessed by the people who were intended to be reached. Programs for older adults may target men and women, older adults, advanced old age groups and/or chronically ill patients with specific indications. The defined target groups rarely participate in the conception of programs or in the design of information materials, although this would increase accessibility and participation. In the German "Reaching the Elderly" study (2008-2011), an approach to motivating older adults to participate in a preventive home visit (PHV) program was modified with the participatory involvement of the target groups...
December 8, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931188/measuring-moderate-intensity-walking-in-older-adults-using-the-actigraph-accelerometer
#15
Anthony Barnett, Daniel van den Hoek, David Barnett, Ester Cerin
BACKGROUND: Accelerometry is the method of choice for objectively assessing physical activity in older adults. Many studies have used an accelerometer count cut point corresponding to 3 metabolic equivalents (METs) derived in young adults during treadmill walking and running with a resting metabolic rate (RMR) assumed at 3.5 mL · kg(-1) · min(-1) (corresponding to 1 MET). RMR is lower in older adults; therefore, their 3 MET level occurs at a lower absolute energy expenditure making the cut point derived from young adults inappropriate for this population...
December 8, 2016: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930916/depressiveness-measured-with-beck-depression-inventory-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#16
Daniel Pietrzak, Aldona Pietrzak, Dorota Krasowska, Marta Makara-Studzińska, Agata Madej, Maja Baranowska, Andrzej Borzęcki
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to identify demographic and clinical factors predisposing to depressiveness during the course of psoriasis. METHOD: The study included 239 patients with psoriasis (15-76 years, 31.8% of women) and 123 healthy controls (17-74 years, 32.5% of women). Dependent variable in the analysis was Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) score. Explanatory variables included: age, sex, marital status, education, occupational activity, body mass index (BMI), systolic and diastolic blood pressure, history of smoking, average number of smoked cigarettes, skin lesions visible to others, comorbidities, including arterial hypertension and arthritis, number of previous hospitalizations and family history of psoriasis...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930898/changed-crossmodal-functional-connectivity-in-older-adults-with-hearing-loss
#17
Sebastian Puschmann, Christiane M Thiel
Previous work compellingly demonstrates a crossmodal plastic reorganization of auditory cortex in deaf individuals, leading to increased neural responses to non-auditory sensory input. Recent data indicate that crossmodal adaptive plasticity is not restricted to severe hearing impairments, but may also occur as a result of high-frequency hearing loss in older adults and affect audiovisual processing in these subjects. We here used functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) to study the effect of hearing loss in older adults on auditory cortex response patterns as well as on functional connectivity between auditory and visual cortex during audiovisual processing...
October 31, 2016: Cortex; a Journal Devoted to the Study of the Nervous System and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930661/chronic-diseases-health-behaviors-and-demographic-characteristics-as-predictors-of-ill-health-retirement-findings-from-the-korea-health-panel-survey-2008-2012
#18
Young Joong Kang, Mo-Yeol Kang
PURPOSE: The research aim was to identify demographic characteristics, chronic diseases, and unhealthy behaviors predicting ill health retirement in South Korea. METHODS: Data were collected from 15,407 individuals enrolled in the first through the fifth phases of the Korea Health Panel Survey (2008-2012) using structured questionnaires examining retirement, morbidities, and health-related behaviors. The Cox proportional hazard model was used to examine demographic and clinical characteristics' effects on ill health retirement...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930656/cross-sectional-associations-between-socio-demographic-factors-and-cognitive-performance-in-an-older-british-population-the-european-investigation-of-cancer-in-norfolk-epic-norfolk-study
#19
Shabina A Hayat, Robert Luben, Nichola Dalzell, Stephanie Moore, Serena Anuj, Fiona E Matthews, Nick Wareham, Carol Brayne, Kay-Tee Khaw
BACKGROUND: Cognition covers a range of abilities, such as memory, response time and language, with tests assessing either specific or generic aspects. However differences between measures may be observed within the same individuals. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the cross-sectional association of cognitive performance and socio-demographic factors using different assessment tools across a range of abilities in a British cohort study. METHODS: Participants of the European Prospective Investigation of Cancer (EPIC) in Norfolk Study, aged 48-92 years, underwent a cognitive assessment between 2006 and 2011 (piloted between 2004 and 2006) and were investigated over a different domains using a range of cognitive tests...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27930509/current-challenges-in-providing-bariatric-surgery-in-france-a-nationwide-study
#20
Sébastien Czernichow, Michel Paita, David Nocca, Simon Msika, Arnaud Basdevant, Bertrand Millat, Anne Fagot-Campagna
Bariatric surgery is a well-accepted procedure for severe and massive obesity management. We aimed to determine trends, geographical variations, and factors influencing bariatric surgery and the choice of procedure in France in a large observational study.The Health Insurance Fund for Salaried Workers (Caisse National Assurance Maladie Travailleurs Salariés) covers about 86% of the French population. The Système National d'Information Inter-régimes de l'Assurance Maladie database contains individualized and anonymized patient data on all reimbursements for healthcare expenditure...
December 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
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