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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793084/subthreshold-depression-among-diabetes-patients-in-beijing-cross-sectional-associations-among-sociodemographic-clinical-and-behavior-factors
#1
Dandan Wang, Lintao Shi, Leling Li, Xiaohui Guo, Yufeng Li, Yuan Xu, Shinan Yin, Qiaozhen Wu, Yu Yang, Xiaoming Zhuang, Yingli Gai, Quanmin Li, Yanjun Liu
BACKGROUND: This study explores the prevalence of subthreshold depression (SubD) and its association with factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study involved 808 outpatients with T2DM from ten hospitals in Beijing between September 2015 and January 2016. All participants completed the Patient Health Questionnaire 9-item (PHQ-9) to evaluate depressive status, with scores between 5 and 14 considered SubD. Conditional logistic regression was conducted to investigate the variables associated with SubD in T2DM patients...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792997/risk-factors-for-low-back-pain-and-sciatica-an-umbrella-review
#2
REVIEW
P Parreira, C Maher, D Steffens, M Hancock, M Ferreira
BACKGROUND: Low back pain (LBP) is a highly prevalent condition and it is associated with significant disability and work absenteeism worldwide. A variety of environmental and individual characteristics have been reported to increase the risk of low back pain (LBP). To our knowledge, there has been no previous attempt to summarise the evidence from existing systematic reviews of risk factors for LBP and/or sciatica PURPOSE: to provide an overview of risk factors for LBP, we completed an umbrella review of the evidence from existing systematic reviews...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792873/effect-of-alzheimer-s-disease-risk-and-protective-factors-on-cognitive-trajectories-in-subjective-memory-complainers
#3
Stefan J Teipel, Enrica Cavedo, Simone Lista, Marie-Odile Habert, Marie-Claude Potier, Michel J Grothe, Stephane Epelbaum, Luisa Sambati, Geoffroy Gagliardi, Nicola Toschi, Michael Greicius, Bruno Dubois, Harald Hampel
INTRODUCTION: Cognitive change in people at risk of Alzheimer's disease (AD) such as subjective memory complainers is highly variable across individuals. METHODS: We used latent class growth modeling to identify distinct classes of nonlinear trajectories of cognitive change over 2 years follow-up from 265 subjective memory complainers individuals (age 70 years and older) of the INSIGHT-preAD cohort. We determined the effect of cortical amyloid load, hippocampus and basal forebrain volumes, and education on the cognitive trajectory classes...
May 21, 2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: the Journal of the Alzheimer's Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792458/the-trade-offs-of-teamwork-among-stem-doctoral-graduates
#4
Kevin M Kniffin, Andrew S Hanks
Teamwork has increasingly become prevalent in professional fields such as academic science, perhaps partly because research shows that teams tend to produce superior work. Although research on teamwork has typically focused on its impact on work products, we complement that work by examining the degree to which teamwork influences salary, hours worked, and overall job satisfaction. Drawing on microdata collected through the National Science Foundation's Survey of Doctorate Recipients as well as the Survey of Earned Doctorates, we find that doctoral degree holders in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) fields tend to earn substantially higher salaries and work more hours when they engage in teamwork...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792244/affective-problems-and-decline-in-cognitive-state-in-older-adults-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
A John, U Patel, J Rusted, M Richards, D Gaysina
Evidence suggests that affective problems, such as depression and anxiety, increase risk for late-life dementia. However, the extent to which affective problems influence cognitive decline, even many years prior to clinical diagnosis of dementia, is not clear. The present study systematically reviews and synthesises the evidence for the association between affective problems and decline in cognitive state (i.e., decline in non-specific cognitive function) in older adults. An electronic search of PubMed, PsycInfo, Cochrane, and ScienceDirect was conducted to identify studies of the association between depression and anxiety separately and decline in cognitive state...
May 24, 2018: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792239/screening-for-delirium-with-the-intensive-care-delirium-screening-checklist-icdsc-symptom-profile-and-utility-of-individual-items-in-the-identification-of-delirium-dependent-on-the-level-of-sedation
#6
Soenke Boettger, Rafael Meyer, André Richter, Susana Franco Fernandez, Alain Rudiger, Maria Schubert, Josef Jenewein, David Garcia Nuñez
OBJECTIVE: The importance of the proper identification of delirium, with its high incidence and adversities in the intensive care setting, has been widely recognized. One common screening instrument is the Intensive Care Delirium Screening Checklist (ICDSC); however, the symptom profile and key features of delirium dependent on the level of sedation have not yet been evaluated. METHOD: In this prospective cohort study, the ICDSC was evaluated versus the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual, 4th edition, text revision, diagnosis of delirium set as standard with respect to the symptom profile, and correct identification of delirium...
May 24, 2018: Palliative & Supportive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792065/impaired-sleep-predicts-onset-of-low-back-pain-and-burnout-symptoms-evidence-from-a-three-wave-study
#7
Achim Elfering, Maria U Kottwitz, Özgür Tamcan, Urs Müller, Anne F Mannion
In a three-wave questionnaire study of 405 working participants, who were initially free of low back pain (LBP) and emotional exhaustion, sleep problems were evaluated as a potential risk factor for the development of LBP and burnout up to three years later. Prospective risk paths were compared between the sexes and between two age-groups (18 to 45 years and older than 45 years). A longitudinal structural equation model showed a good fit with empirical data (RMSEA = .04, SRMR = .06, CFI = .97). Prospective risk paths between the latent constructs showed sleep problems to significantly predict self-reported LBP (β = ...
May 24, 2018: Psychology, Health & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791788/shift-in-skin-microbiota-of-western-european-women-across-aging
#8
Romain Jugé, Pauline Rouaud-Tinguely, Josselin Breugnot, Katia Servaes, Christine Grimaldi, Marie-Paule Roth, Hélène Coppin, Brigitte Closs
AIMS: The objective of our study was to compare the microbiota diversity between two different age groups of Western European women. METHODS AND RESULTS: Skin-swab samples were collected directly on the forehead of 34 healthy Western European women: 17 younger (21-31 years old) and 17 older individuals (54-69 years old). Bacterial communities were evaluated using the 16S rRNA gene sequencing. Data revealed a higher alpha-diversity on the skin of older individuals compared to younger ones...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791637/board-games-gerotechnology-in-nursing-care-practice
#9
Paula Cristina de Andrade Pires Olympio, Neide Aparecida Titonelli Alvim
OBJECTIVE: To create a board game as a form of gerotechnology to promote active and healthy aging. METHOD: This was a qualitative, convergent care study conducted with 32 older adults. Individual interviews, creativity and sensitivity techniques, group discussions, and participant observations guided by Paulo Freire's theoretical framework of problematization were used to produce data. The participants and researchers assessed the entire production process at the end of the study, after the gerotechnology was implemented in the groups...
2018: Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791279/loneliness-in-senior-housing-communities
#10
Harry Owen Taylor, Yi Wang, Nancy Morrow-Howell
There are many studies on loneliness among community-dwelling older adults; however, there is limited research examining the extent and correlates of loneliness among older adults who reside in senior housing communities. This study examines the extent and correlates of loneliness in three public senior housing communities in the St. Louis area. Data for this project was collected with survey questionnaires with a total sample size of 148 respondents. Loneliness was measured using the Hughes 3-item loneliness scale...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790951/internet-use-and-preventive-health-behaviors-among-couples-in-later-life-evidence-from-the-health-and-retirement-study
#11
Sangbo Nam, Sae Hwang Han, Megan Gilligan
Background and Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the link between internet use and preventive health behaviors. We focused on couples to examine whether there were cross-partner associations between internet use and preventive health behaviors. Research Design and Methods: The data for this study came from the 2010 and 2012 waves of the Health and Retirement Study and the sample consisted of 5,143 pairs of coupled-individuals. Preventive health behaviors included cancer screenings (mammogram and prostate tests), cholesterol tests, and flu shots...
May 22, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790785/mental-health-trajectories-among-women-in-australia-as-they-age
#12
Thach Tran, Karin Hammarberg, Joanne Ryan, Judy Lowthian, Rosanne Freak-Poli, Alice Owen, Maggie Kirkman, Andrea Curtis, Heather Rowe, Helen Brown, Stephanie Ward, Carlene Britt, Jane Fisher
OBJECTIVES: To ascertain the trajectories of mental health among women in Australia assessed in repeat waves from their early 70 s to the end of their lives or their mid 80 s. METHOD: Secondary analysis of data contributed by the 1921-26 cohort of the Australian Longitudinal Study of Women's Health Waves 1-6. Primary outcome was the 4-item SF-36 Vitality Subscale, which assesses mental health as life satisfaction, social participation, energy and enthusiasm. Structural, individual and intermediary factors were assessed using study-specific and standardised measures...
May 23, 2018: Aging & Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790201/self-employed-individuals-performing-different-types-of-work-have-different-occupational-safety-and-health-problems
#13
Jungsun Park, Boyoung Han, Yangho Kim
INTRODUCTION: We assessed the occupational safety and health (OSH) issues of self-employed individuals in Korea. METHODS: The working conditions and OSH issues in three groups were analyzed using the Korean Working Conditions Survey of 2014. RESULTS: Among self-employed individuals, "Physical work" was more common among males, whereas "Emotional work" was more common among females. Self-employed individuals performing "Mental work" had more education, higher incomes, and the lowest exposure to physical/chemical and ergonomic hazards in the workplace...
May 22, 2018: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790056/a-10-year-trend-in-statin-use-among-older-adults-in-australia-an-analysis-using-national-pharmacy-claims-data
#14
Richard Ofori-Asenso, Jenni Ilomäki, Ella Zomer, Andrea J Curtis, Sophia Zoungas, Danny Liew
BACKGROUND: Statins have become standard of care in the prevention and treatment of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. The objective of this study was to examine the trends in statin use among Australians aged ≥ 65 years for the period 2007-2016. METHODS: Data from the Pharmaceutical Benefits Scheme covering a 10% random sample of the Australian population were analysed. The 1-year prevalence and incidence of statin use were determined for each year, as were the percentage of statin dispensations according to statin type or intensity and the percentage of new users prescribed each statin type or intensity...
May 23, 2018: Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789873/new-implant-based-technologies-in-the-spine
#15
Dimitrios K Filippiadis, Stefano Marcia, Anthony Ryan, Douglas P Beall, Salvatore Masala, Frederic Deschamps, Alexis Kelekis
Vertebral compression fractures (VCFs) may result in a kyphotic deformity which can cause potential systemic complications secondary to respiratory and gastrointestinal dysfunction. The use of implants in the spine for VCF treatment represents a paradigm shift away from cement injection on its own, aiming to combine the analgesic and stabilizing effect of injecting cement into the vertebral body with vertebral height restoration and kyphotic angle correction. Spine implants which can be used for VCF treatment include stents, jacks, PEEK cages and fracture reduction systems...
May 22, 2018: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788709/influence-of-offspring-on-self-rated-health-among-older-adults-evidence-from-the-korean-longitudinal-study-of-aging-2006-2012
#16
Jae-Hyun Kim, Eun-Cheol Park, Yunhwan Lee, Sang Gyu Lee
BACKGROUND: We investigated whether offspring protect or jeopardize in parents. METHODS: We used data from the Korean Longitudinal Study of Aging and performed a longitudinal analysis of 10,236 individuals at baseline (2006) to estimate the association between offspring-related factors and self-rated health among individuals ≥45 years of age. RESULTS: The estimate for self-rated health was 0.612 times lower (95% confidence interval [CI], 0...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788363/early-life-military-exposures-and-functional-impairment-trajectories-among-older-male-veterans-the-buffering-effect-of-psychological-resilience
#17
Miles G Taylor, Stephanie Ureña, Dawn C Carr, Stella Min
Objectives: Drawing on the life course framework and theoretical concept of resilience, we examine the impact of early-life service-related exposures (SREs) on later-life functional impairment trajectories among older U.S. male veterans. We conceptualize resilience as a psychological resource potentially moderating the lasting negative consequences of traumatic military exposures. Method: Using the 2013 Veterans Mail Survey linked to the Health and Retirement Study 2006-2014 Leave Behind Questionnaire and RAND Data File (v...
May 16, 2018: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788270/determinants-of-hearing-aid-use-among-older-americans-with-hearing-loss
#18
Michael M McKee, HwaJung Choi, Shelby Wilson, Melissa J DeJonckheere, Philip Zazove, Helen Levy
Background and Objectives: Hearing loss (HL) is common among older adults and is associated with significant psychosocial, cognitive, and physical sequelae. Hearing aids (HA) can help, but not all individuals with HL use them. This study examines how social determinants may impact HA use. Research Design and Methods: We conducted an explanatory sequential mixed methods study involving a secondary analysis of a nationally representative data set, the Health and Retirement Study (HRS; n = 35,572)...
May 21, 2018: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787945/sex-specific-age-threshold-for-increased-risk-of-retinal-vein-occlusion-in-koreans
#19
Ko Un Shin, Jin Young Lee, Kyungdo Han, Su Jeong Song
PURPOSE: Retinal vein occlusion (RVO) is one of most common retinal vascular disorders. It can lead to visual impairment and subsequent socioeconomic loss among the working population. RVO peak incidence is known to occur in the fifth and sixth decades of life, and is more predominant in males. To date, there has been no consensus regarding the optimal screening age for individuals at high risk for RVO, or whether sex-dependent cut-offs may be appropriate. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to predict the sex-specific age threshold for increased risk of RVO in Koreans...
May 17, 2018: Thrombosis Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787589/high-seroprevalence-of-hepatitis-e-virus-in-the-ethnic-minority-populations-in-yunnan-china
#20
Yue Feng, Yue-Mei Feng, Songmei Wang, Fang Xu, Xuehui Zhang, Chunyue Zhang, Yuanyuan Jia, Wanru Yang, Xueshan Xia, Jianzhong Yin
Hepatitis E virus (HEV) infection is relatively high in the southern regions of China. Yunnan, located in southwestern China, has the highest number of ethnic groups. However, HEV infection in the ethnic population is largely unknown. Therefore, we aimed to investigate the seropositive rate, risk factor, and clinical impact of HEV infection in the ethnic groups of Yunnan. We recruited 1912 individuals from four minority groups in three prefectures of Yunnan province. Epidemiological records on potential risk factors for exposure to HEV and blood biochemical index were analyzed...
2018: PloS One
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