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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231631/commentary-response-frailty-not-just-about-old-people-reply-to-smith-gd-kydd-a-2017-getting-care-of-older-people-right-the-need-for-appropriate-frailty-assessment
#1
Sunita R Jha, Julee Mcdonagh, Caleb Ferguson, Peter S Macdonald, Phillip J Newton
As highlighted in a recent editorial, the ageing population and burden of frailty amongst those aged 60 years and older represents an impending challenge for individuals and health care systems globally (Smith & Kydd 2017). As frailty is largely considered a geriatric syndrome, research has primarily occurred within elderly community dwelling populations (Fried et al. 2001). However, it is important to highlight that not all older people are frail; and conversely not all younger people are non-frail. With frailty research expanding its scope beyond geriatrics over the last 2 decades, our understanding of this syndrome and its complexities has progressed...
February 23, 2017: Journal of Clinical Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230420/age-related-effects-on-memory-for-social-stimuli-the-role-of-valence-arousal-and-emotional-responses
#2
Thomas M Hess, Lauren E Popham, Claire M Growney
: Background/Study Context: Previous research (Hess et al., 2013, Psychology and Aging, 28, 853-863) suggested that age-based positivity effects in memory were attenuated with social stimuli. This research examined the degree to which this generalized across arousal levels associated with social images. Variations in approach and avoidance responses to individual images were also examined, along with age differences in their relationship to memory performance. METHODS: In Experiment 1, young (22-43 years) and older (65-85 years) adults recalled positive and negative social scenes that were high or low in arousal...
March 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230418/effect-of-age-on-attentional-control-in-dual-tasking
#3
Bianca Bier, Nick Corriveau Lecavalier, Dominique Malenfant, Isabelle Peretz, Sylvie Belleville
: Background/Study Context: The age-related differences in divided attention and attentional control have been associated with several negative outcomes later in life. However, numerous questions remain unanswered regarding the nature of these age differences and the role of attentional control abilities in dual-tasking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the sources for age differences in dual-tasking and more specifically: (1) whether they occur because of differences in attentional control skills, or (2) whether the age-related decrement in dual-tasking is due to a general resource reduction that would affect the ability to complete any demanding task...
March 2017: Experimental Aging Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230402/adolescents-conceptions-of-national-wealth-distribution-connections-with-perceived-societal-fairness-and-academic-plans
#4
William F Arsenio, Chris Willems
This study examined mostly lower-middle-income Latino (37%) and African American (33%) adolescents' (N = 90, Mage = 15.90) conceptions of how U.S. wealth is and ought to be distributed, and whether these judgments are related to adolescents' views about societal and legal fairness and their immediate academic plans. Individually administered multipart interviews assessed conceptions regarding (a) actual and ideal U.S. wealth distribution and related "Rawlsian" judgments, (b) social system and legal fairness, and (c) adolescents' near-term life goals...
March 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230292/age-related-changes-in-pain-sensitivity-in-healthy-humans-a-systematic-review-with-meta-analysis
#5
REVIEW
H El Tumi, M I Johnson, P B F Dantas, M J Maynard, O A Tashani
: Literature suggests that pain perception diminishes in old age. The most recent review used search strategies conducted over a decade ago and concluded that study findings were equivocal. The aim of this systematic review, with meta-analysis, was to determine age-related changes in pain sensitivity in healthy pain-free adults, children and adolescents. A search of PubMed, Science Direct, and PsycINFO identified studies that compared pain sensitivity response to noxious stimuli at different time points in the lifespan of healthy individuals...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230198/longitudinal-association-of-hypertension-and-diabetes-mellitus-with-cognitive-functioning-in-a-general-70-year-old-population-the-sonic-study
#6
Hirochika Ryuno, Kei Kamide, Yasuyuki Gondo, Mai Kabayama, Ryosuke Oguro, Chikako Nakama, Serina Yokoyama, Motonori Nagasawa, Satomi Maeda-Hirao, Yuki Imaizumi, Miyuki Takeya, Hiroko Yamamoto, Masao Takeda, Yoichi Takami, Norihisa Itoh, Yasushi Takeya, Koichi Yamamoto, Ken Sugimoto, Takeshi Nakagawa, Saori Yasumoto, Kazunori Ikebe, Hiroki Inagaki, Yukie Masui, Michiyo Takayama, Yasumichi Arai, Tatsuro Ishizaki, Ryutaro Takahashi, Hiromi Rakugi
Both hypertension and diabetes in middle-aged individuals have been suggested to be predictive indicators of cognitive decline. However, the association of hypertension, diabetes and their combination with cognitive functioning is still controversial in older people. The purpose of this study was to investigate the association between cognitive decline and hypertension, diabetes, and their combination in 70-year-old people based on a 3-year longitudinal analysis. Four hundred and fifty-four people aged 70 (±1) years who participated in the Japanese longitudinal cohort study of Septuagenarians, Octogenarians and Nonagenarians Investigation with Centenarians (SONIC) were recruited randomly from a general population and were monitored for 3 years...
February 23, 2017: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229456/body-mass-index-waist-circumference-and-mortality-in-a-large-multiethnic-postmenopausal-cohort-results-from-the-women-s-health-initiative
#7
Zhao Chen, Yann C Klimentidis, Jennifer W Bea, Kacey C Ernst, Chengcheng Hu, Rebecca Jackson, Cynthia A Thomson
OBJECTIVES: To determine whether the relationship between anthropometric measurements of obesity and mortality varies according to age, race, and ethnicity in older women. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study of multiethnic postmenopausal women. SETTING: Women's Health Initiative (WHI) observational study and clinical trials in 40 clinics. PARTICIPANTS: Postmenopausal women aged 50-79 participating in WHI (N = 161,808). MEASUREMENTS: Baseline height, weight, and waist circumference (WC) were measured, and body mass index (BMI) was calculated based on height and weight...
February 23, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229199/-coronary-artery-disease-interventional-and-operative-therapeutic-options-after-cardiac-arrest
#8
M Behnes, K Mashayekhi, M Borggrefe, I Akin
Coronary artery disease (CAD) represents a common structural cause for developing cardiac arrest in older patients, whereas in young adults cardiac arrest is more often caused by cardiomyopathies and cardiac channelopathies. A structural heart disease is known in almost 50% of patients prior to cardiac arrest. The present review outlines current interventional and operative therapeutic options for patients surviving cardiac arrest. The focus is on associations between epidemiological data on the incidence of malignant arrhythmias causing cardiac arrest depending on the presence or absence of CAD...
February 22, 2017: Herz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228655/combination-of-btracks-and-geri-fit-as-a-targeted-approach-for-assessing-and-reducing-the-postural-sway-of-older-adults-with-high-fall-risk
#9
Daniel J Goble, Mason C Hearn, Harsimran S Baweja
Atypically high postural sway measured by a force plate is a known risk factor for falls in older adults. Further, it has been shown that small, but significant, reductions in postural sway are possible with various balance exercise interventions. In the present study, a new low-cost force-plate technology called the Balance Tracking System (BTrackS) was utilized to assess postural sway of older adults before and after 90 days of a well-established exercise program called Geri-Fit. Results showed an overall reduction in postural sway across all participants from pre- to post-intervention...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228630/social-activities-of-older-men-who-require-daily-support-and-the-purpose-of-such-activities
#10
Michiyo Hirano, Kazuko Saeki, Izumi Ueda, Hikaru Honda, Yoshiko Mizuno
Objectives The purpose of this study was to analyze the social activities of older men who require daily support, and to clarify the purpose of such activities, in order to develop effective living support and preventive long-term care service, suitable for this population.Methods Individual, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 older men. Data were analyzed using inductive and qualitative methods.Results Four categories of social activities were identified, and four categories of purposes of these social activities were extracted...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228584/high-cardiorespiratory-fitness-in-early-to-late-middle-age-preserves-the-cortical-circuitry-associated-with-brain-heart-integration-during-volitional-exercise
#11
Katelyn N Wood, Torri A Luchyshyn, J Kevin Shoemaker
This study tested the hypothesis that high cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) preserves the cortical circuitry associated with cardiac arousal during exercise in middle to older-aged individuals. Observations of changes in heart rate (HR) and in cortical blood oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) images were made in 52 healthy, active individuals (45-73 years; 16 female) across a range of fitness (26-66mL/kg/min). Seven repeated bouts of isometric handgrip (IHG) at 40% MVC force were performed using functional magnetic resonance imaging at 3-Tesla, with each contraction lasting 20 sec and separated by 40 sec of rest...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228380/off-label-indications-for-antidepressants-in-primary-care-descriptive-study-of-prescriptions-from-an-indication-based-electronic-prescribing-system
#12
Jenna Wong, Aude Motulsky, Michal Abrahamowicz, Tewodros Eguale, David L Buckeridge, Robyn Tamblyn
Objective To examine off-label indications for antidepressants in primary care and determine the level of scientific support for off-label prescribing.Design Descriptive study of antidepressant prescriptions written by primary care physicians using an indication based electronic prescribing system.Setting Primary care practices in and around two major urban centres in Quebec, Canada.Participants Patients aged 18 years or older who visited a study physician between 1 January 2003 and 30 September 2015 and were prescribed an antidepressant through the electronic prescribing system...
February 21, 2017: BMJ: British Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28227721/doorstep-a-doorbell-security-system-for-the-prevention-of-doorstep-crime
#13
Andrew Ennis, Ian Cleland, Timothy Patterson, Chris D Nugent, Federico Cruciani, Cristiano Paggetti, Gareth Morrison, Richard Taylor, Andrew Ennis, Ian Cleland, Timothy Patterson, Chris D Nugent, Federico Cruciani, Cristiano Paggetti, Gareth Morrison, Richard Taylor, Gareth Morrison, Richard Taylor, Ian Cleland, Federico Cruciani, Timothy Patterson, Chris D Nugent, Cristiano Paggetti, Andrew Ennis
Safety and security rank highly in the priorities of older people on both an individual and policy level. Older people are commonly targeted as victims of doorstep crime, as they can be perceived as being vulnerable. As a result, this can have a major effect on the victim's health and wellbeing. There have been numerous prevention strategies implemented in an attempt to combat and reduce the number of doorstep crimes. There is, however, little information available detailing the effectiveness of these strategies and how they impact on the fear of crime, particularly with repeat victims...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226405/comparative-effectiveness-of-long-acting-beta2-agonist-combined-with-a-long-acting-muscarinic-antagonist-or-inhaled-corticosteroid-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Jennifer C Samp, Min J Joo, Glen T Schumock, Gregory S Calip, A Simon Pickard, Todd A Lee
INTRODUCTION: Several dual bronchodilator fixed dose inhaler medications were recently approved for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). These products combine a long-acting beta2 -agonist (LABA) and long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA). In clinical trials, the separate mechanisms of the bronchodilators resulted in improved lung function. COPD treatment guidelines currently recommend combination LABA/LAMA as alternative therapy to combination LABA/ inhaled corticosteroid (ICS)...
February 22, 2017: Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225431/menopause-and-big-data-word-adjacency-graph-modeling-of-menopause-related-chacha-data
#15
Janet S Carpenter, Doyle Groves, Chen X Chen, Julie L Otte, Wendy R Miller
OBJECTIVE: To detect and visualize salient queries about menopause using Big Data from ChaCha. METHODS: We used Word Adjacency Graph (WAG) modeling to detect clusters and visualize the range of menopause-related topics and their mutual proximity. The subset of relevant queries was fully modeled. We split each query into token words (ie, meaningful words and phrases) and removed stopwords (ie, not meaningful functional words). The remaining words were considered in sequence to build summary tables of words and two and three-word phrases...
February 20, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225368/the-fundus-phenotype-associated-with-the-p-ala243val-best1-mutation
#16
Kamron N Khan, Farrah Islam, Anthony T Moore, Michel Michaelides
PURPOSE: To describe a highly recognizable and reproducible retinal phenotype associated with a specific BEST1 mutation-p.Ala243Val. METHODS: Retrospective review of consecutive cases where genetic testing has identified p.Ala243Val BEST1 as the cause of disease. Electronic patient records were used to extract demographic, as well as functional and anatomical data. These data were compared with those observed with the most common BEST1 genotype, p.Arg218Cys. RESULTS: Eight individuals (six families) were identified with the p...
February 20, 2017: Retina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224452/younger-and-older-adults-collaborative-recall-of-shared-and-unshared-emotional-pictures
#17
Sarah J Barber, Jaime J Castrellon, Philipp Opitz, Mara Mather
Although a group of people working together recalls more items than any one individual, they recall fewer unique items than the same number of people working apart whose responses are combined. This is known as collaborative inhibition, and it is a robust effect that occurs for both younger and older adults. However, almost all previous studies documenting collaborative inhibition have used stimuli that were neutral in emotional valence, low in arousal, and studied by all group members. In the current experiments, we tested the impact of picture-stimuli valence, picture-stimuli arousal, and information distribution in modulating the magnitude of collaborative inhibition...
February 21, 2017: Memory & Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224450/artificial-neural-network-based-model-enhances-risk-stratification-and-reduces-non-invasive-cardiac-stress-imaging-compared-to-diamond-forrester-and-morise-risk-assessment-models-a-prospective-study
#18
Hussain A Isma'eel, George E Sakr, Mustapha Serhan, Nader Lamaa, Ayman Hakim, Paul C Cremer, Wael A Jaber, Torkom Garabedian, Imad Elhajj, Antoine B Abchee
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) accounts for more than half of all cardiovascular events. Stress testing remains the cornerstone for non-invasive assessment of patients with possible or known CAD. Clinical utilization reviews show that most patients presenting for evaluation of stable CAD by stress testing are categorized as low risk prior to the test. Attempts to enhance risk stratification of individuals who are sent for stress testing seem to be more in need today. The present study compares artificial neural networks (ANN)-based prediction models to the other risk models being used in practice (the Diamond-Forrester and the Morise models)...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology: Official Publication of the American Society of Nuclear Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224283/health-service-use-costs-and-adverse-events-associated-with-potentially-inappropriate-medication-in-old-age-in-germany-retrospective-matched-cohort-study
#19
Dirk Heider, Herbert Matschinger, Andreas D Meid, Renate Quinzler, Jürgen-Bernhard Adler, Christian Günster, Walter E Haefeli, Hans-Helmut König
BACKGROUND: Drug-related problems are an important healthcare safety concern in the growing population of older people. Prescription of potentially inappropriate medication (PIM) is one aspect of this concern that is considered to increase the risk of adverse health outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the Health Economics of Potentially Inappropriate Medication (HEPIME) study was to analyze the association between the prescription of PIMs according to the German PRISCUS list and healthcare utilization, healthcare costs, and the occurrence of adverse events in old age...
February 21, 2017: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223789/the-determinants-of-coping-with-pain-in-chronically-ill-geriatric-patients-the-role-of-a-sense-of-coherence
#20
Anna Andruszkiewicz, Małgorzata Anna Basińska, Mirosława Felsmann, Mariola Banaszkiewicz, Alicja Marzec, Kornelia Kędziora-Kornatowska
BACKGROUND: Given the rising population of the elderly in modern societies, the concern for their good functioning poses a challenge for the 21st century medicine and social services. Senior citizens are at an increased risk of developing chronic conditions, which in turn increase discomfort associated with physiological processes of aging. Sensations of pain have a particular influence on the mentioned discomfort, and pain is prevalent among older people. Therefore, from the perspective of an elderly person and senior care, it is crucial to identify determinants of effective coping with chronic pain...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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