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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534309/environmental-monitoring-and-assessment-of-antibacterial-metabolite-producing-actinobacteria-screened-from-marine-sediments-in-south-coastal-regions-of-karnataka-india
#1
Sinosh Skariyachan, Shruthi Garka, Sushmitha Puttaswamy, Shobitha Shanbhogue, Raksha Devaraju, Rajeswari Narayanappa
Assessment of the therapeutic potential of secondary metabolite producing microorganisms from the marine coastal areas imparts scope and application in the field of environmental monitoring. The present study aims to screen metabolites with antibacterial potential from actionbacteria associated with marine sediments collected from south coastal regions of Karnataka, India. The actinobacteria were isolated and characterized from marine sediments by standard protocol. The metabolites were extracted, and antibacterial potential was analyzed against eight hospital associated bacteria...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515548/culturally-relevant-family-therapy-practice-with-parents-of-children-and-adolescents
#2
Tania Roy, A Thirumoorthy, R Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: India is diverse in culture, with multiple aspects that may not match with the Western societal picture. Hence, it has often been seen that therapists encounter unique aspects of therapy that is faced during actual practice, which is never written in any textbook or research papers. Substantial information is present through both outcome (efficacy and effectiveness) studies and process research, but it has very little impact of actual Marital and Family Therapy (MFT) practice...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511464/a-study-to-assess-the-functional-outcome-of-decompression-and-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-of-low-grade-spondylolisthesis-of-lumbar-vertebra
#3
Deepak Hegde, Sameer Mehra, Santhosh Babu, Arjun Ballal
INTRODUCTION: Spondylolisthesis is defined as the forward displacement of one vertebra over the vertebra below. It is often accompanied by spinal canal stenosis and compression, which is the cause of all the symptoms. AIM: To assess and study the functional outcome after decompression and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF) of isthmic spondylolisthesis of lower lumbar vertebra and to study the complications occurring with this technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedics in Justice KS Hegde Charitable Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India from March 2015 to August 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492196/comparative-evaluation-of-effect-of-use-of-toothbrush-with-paste-and-munident-on-levels-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-gingival-health-in-children-an-in-vivo-study
#4
Rashmi N Shetty, Sowmya B Shetty, Sruthi Janardhanan, Shamila Shetty, Sharan Shetty, Kiran Raj
AIM: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease which has a deleterious effect on the oral cavity. Improper oral hygiene habits are a cause for the same. The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial efficacy of Munident, an Ayurvedic (herbal) dentifrice with commercially available toothpaste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of forty subjects between the age group 9 and 12 years, resident of Bala Yeshu Nilaya Bhavan, Mangalore, Karnataka, India, were chosen for our study...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490355/regional-inequity-in-complete-antenatal-services-and-public-emergency-obstetric-care-is-associated-with-greater-burden-of-maternal-deaths-analysis-from-consecutive-district-level-facility-survey-of-karnataka-india
#5
M Himanshu, Carina Källestål
BACKGROUND: This equity focused evaluation analyses change in inter-district inequity of maternal health services (MHS) in Karnataka state between 2006-07 & 2012-13, alongside association of MHS inequity with distribution of maternal deaths. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional analysis of inequity and decomposition was done on nine district level MHS indicators using Theil's T index. Data was obtained from population linked district level facility surveys and health information systems...
May 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479711/comparative-analysis-of-lip-with-thumbprints-an-identification-tool-in-personal-authentication
#6
Rashmi Naik, B R Ahmed Mujib, Neethu Telagi, Jaydeva Hallur
CONTEXT: Identification of person living or dead using diverse characteristics is the basis in forensic science. The uniqueness of lip and fingerprints and further, association between them can be useful in establishing facts in legal issues. AIMS: The present study was carried out to determine the distribution of different lip print patterns among subjects having different thumbprint patterns and to determine the correlation between lip print patterns and thumbprint patterns...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479686/histopathological-study-of-salivary-gland-tumors
#7
Shreedevi S Bobati, B V Patil, V D Dombale
CONTEXT: The salivary glands are the site of origin of a wide variety of neoplasms and are also relatively uncommon. The histopathology of these tumors is said to be the most complex and diverse of any organ in the body. The incidence of salivary gland tumors (SGTs) is claimed to be influenced by geographical and racial factors. Histopathological diagnosis plays a major role in the diagnosis of these neoplasms, with very few contribution using special stains, immunohistochemistry and cytogenetic studies...
January 2017: Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Pathology: JOMFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28466042/serosurveillance-of-foot-and-mouth-disease-in-karnataka-state-india-a-3%C3%A2-years-study
#8
Raveendra Hegde, Srikanth Kowalli, K Nagaraja, N K Dharanesha, C M Seema, Tanveer Ahmed Khan, G V Nagaraj, K Srikala, K J Sudharshana, D Nagaraju, Shesha Rao, P Giridhara, S M Byregowda
A prospective serological investigation was conducted to determine the prevalence and distribution of foot-and-mouth disease (FMD), as well as to monitor the effectiveness of the FMD control programme (FMD-CP) through vaccination in Karnataka, India. Random serum samples were collected every year between May and August before the start of vaccination in 2011, and subsequently following two phases of vaccination in 2012 and 2013. Infection status (seroprevalence) was inferred by subjecting the sera to indirect r3AB3 non-structural protein-ELISA, using kits developed by the Project Directorate on FMD, India...
September 2016: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458758/knowledge-attitude-and-anxiety-pertaining-to-basic-life-support-and-medical-emergencies-among-dental-interns-in-mangalore-city-india
#9
Vinej Somaraj, Rekha P Shenoy, Ganesh Shenoy Panchmal, Praveen S Jodalli, Laxminarayan Sonde, Ravichandra Karkal
BACKGROUND: This cross-sectional study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitude and anxiety pertaining to basic life support (BLS) and medical emergencies among interns in dental colleges of Mangalore city, Karnataka, India. METHODS: The study subjects comprised of interns who volunteered from the four dental colleges. The knowledge and attitude of interns were assessed using a 30-item questionnaire prepared based on the Basic Life Support Manual from American Heart Association and the anxiety of interns pertaining to BLS and medical emergencies were assessed using a State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) Questionnaire...
2017: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458179/promoter-methylation-of-mgmt-in-oral-carcinoma-a-population-based-study-and-meta-analysis
#10
Chinchu Jayaprakash, Raghu Radhakrishnan, Satadru Ray, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy
INTRODUCTION: The relevance of DNA methylation of O(6)-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) in relation to several cancers and other disorders has been extensively explored in several cancer types. AIMS: To ascertain the significance of DNA methylation of MGMT promoter in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), we undertook a study to a) analyse the methylation patterns of MGMT gene promoter in afflicted and normal population of coastal Karnataka, b) determine the expression status of MGMT in oral cancer cell lines (CAL-27 and SCC-4) and its relationship to DNA methylation and c) performed a meta-analysis of the published data...
April 23, 2017: Archives of Oral Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433250/public-private-implementation-of-integrated-emergency-response-services-case-study-of-gvk-emergency-management-and-research-institute-in-karnataka-india
#11
Veena M Sriram, Gopalkrishna Gururaj, Adnan A Hyder
BACKGROUND: Emergency medical services are important to the functioning of health systems, but these services tend to be neglected in low- and middle-income countries, such as India. In recent years, several models of pre-hospital emergency medical services have emerged in India. Research on these models holds important lessons for existing and future emergency medical service programs in low- and middle-income countries. Our objective was to provide a comprehensive description of the organizational structure and service delivery model of a public-private partnership in the southern Indian state of Karnataka, GVK Emergency Management and Research Institute, with a particular focus on its operations in Bengaluru...
April 19, 2017: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420577/effect-of-short-term-yoga-based-lifestyle-intervention-on-plasma-glucose-levels-in-individuals-with-diabetes-and-pre-diabetes-in-the-community
#12
Venugopal V, Amit Rathi, Nagarthna Raghuram
AIM: To study the effect of short term Yoga-based lifestyle intervention in the management of diabetes and pre-diabetes, through a 'pilot' community-based study. METHODS: A total of 1292 subjects with diagnosed type 2 diabetes and pre-diabetes were recruited from different States of India viz., Karnataka, Maharashtra, Gujarat, Rajasthan, and Tamilnadu participated in the study. Yoga-based lifestyle intervention was introduced through 10-day non-residential camps...
April 12, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417037/additional-muscle-slip-of-bicipital-aponeurosis-and-its-anomalous-relationship-with-the-median-cubital-vein
#13
Nandini Bhat, Kumar M R Bhat, Antony S D'Souza, Sushma R Kotian
The cubital region of the arm is a common site for recording blood pressure, taking blood for analysis and administering intravenous therapy and blood transfusions. During the routine dissection of a 70-year-old male cadaver at the Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India, in 2015, it was observed that the aponeurotic insertion of the biceps brachii muscle divided into two slips. The medial slip fused normally with the deep fascia of the forearm, while flexor carpi radialis muscle fibres originated from the lateral slip...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28384885/profile-of-tumour-necrosis-factor-alpha-308-g-a-gene-polymorphism-in-psoriatic-patients-in-karnataka-india
#14
Deepa Rajesh, Chaitra Chowdappa, Rajesh Gurumurthy, A V Moideen Kutty, Sharath Balakrishna
INTRODUCTION: Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNFα) gene -308G/A polymorphism (rs1800629) are associated with psoriasis in several populations worldwide. Presently, there is no literature on the status of this polymorphism in the South Indian population. AIM: To determine the profile of TNFα -308G/A polymorphism among psoriatic patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This case-control study involved 74 patients with Psoriasis Vulgaris (PsV) and 74 age and gender matched healthy individuals...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367791/dietary-patterns-and-non-communicable-disease-risk-in-indian-adults-secondary-analysis-of-indian-migration-study-data
#15
Edward Jm Joy, Rosemary Green, Sutapa Agrawal, Lukasz Aleksandrowicz, Liza Bowen, Sanjay Kinra, Jennie I Macdiarmid, Andy Haines, Alan D Dangour
OBJECTIVE: Undernutrition and non-communicable disease (NCD) are important public health issues in India, yet their relationship with dietary patterns is poorly understood. The current study identified distinct dietary patterns and their association with micronutrient undernutrition (Ca, Fe, Zn) and NCD risk factors (underweight, obesity, waist:hip ratio, hypertension, total:HDL cholesterol, diabetes). DESIGN: Data were from the cross-sectional Indian Migration Study, including semi-quantitative FFQ...
April 3, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350217/patient-non-adherence-an-interpretative-phenomenological-analysis
#16
Vidya Dalvi, Nandakumar Mekoth
Purpose While interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) has been used in health psychology research, it has so far not been applied to seek deeper insights into the patients' experiences about treatment. The purpose of this paper is to address this gap by using IPA to understand patient non-adherence. Design/methodology/approach In total, 18 patients with chronic conditions seeking healthcare services in Goa and Karnataka, India, were selected by using the snowball sampling method. In-depth interviews were conducted face to face...
April 18, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349003/knowledge-and-self-care-practices-regarding-diabetes-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-in-rural-sullia-karnataka-a-community-based-cross-sectional-study
#17
Peraje Vasu Dinesh, Annarao Gunderao Kulkarni, Namratha Kurunji Gangadhar
INTRODUCTION: Diabetes is a lifestyle disease which requires a multipronged approach for its management, wherein patient has an important role to play in terms of self-care practices, which can be taught to them by educational programs. To develop such an educational program, a baseline assessment of knowledge and self-care practices of patients, needs to be made. The two objectives of the study were to estimate the knowledge of diabetic patients regarding the disease and its complications, and to estimate the knowledge and adherence to self-care practices concerned with Type 2 diabetes mellitus...
October 2016: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331263/clinical-profile-of-surgical-diseases-with-emergence-of-new-problems-in-hiv-individuals
#18
Tejaswini Vallabha, Mandar Dhamangaonkar, Vikram Sindgikar, Ravindra Nidoni, Harshavardhan Biradar, Aniketan Kv, Ramakant Baloorkar
North Karnataka is one of the regions with the high prevalence of HIV+ individuals. Bijapur is a district in North Karnataka with high prevalence as per fact sheets of NACO of March 2012. Better awareness, access to health care, and antiretroviral therapy have improved survival and increase in number of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHA). Improved survival has increased their attendance to hospitals with variety of surgical problems, some known and some less known. The percentage of HIV+ individuals was 1.64 % among all admissions...
February 2017: Indian Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330127/diversity-of-toxic-and-phytopathogenic-fusarium-species-occurring-on-cereals-grown-in-karnataka-state-india
#19
H Nagaraja, G Chennappa, K Poorna Chandra Rao, G Mahadev Prasad, M Y Sreenivasa
A total of 198 cereal samples (53 maize, 54 sorghum, 37 paddy and 54 wheat) were collected from 11 districts of Karnataka to understand the percent infection (PI), relative density (RD) and their frequency (Fr) caused by Fusarium spp. All samples were screened by agar plating method using MGA 2.5 agar media and incubated at 25 ± 2 °C for 3-5 days. The study revealed the association of 10 different Fusarium species known trichothecene producers such as Fusarium acuminatum, F. avenaceum, F. crookwellense, F...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330094/characterization-of-antibiotic-resistant-and-enzyme-producing-bacterial-strains-isolated-from-the-arabian-sea
#20
Preeti N Tallur, Dayanand B Sajjan, Sikandar I Mulla, Manjunatha P Talwar, A Pragasam, Vinayak M Nayak, Harichandra Z Ninnekar, Shivanand S Bhat
Marine bacteria are known to produce many bioactive molecules and extracellular enzymes of commercial importance. We have investigated the bacterial diversity of the coastal area of Karwar, Karnataka State, India. Among these bacterial isolates, five bacterial strains were selected and identified by their morphological, biochemical characteristics and phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences. The identified bacterial isolates, Bacillus toyonensis PNTB1, Lysinibacillus sphaericus PTB, Vibrio vulnificus PMD, Shewanella MPTDBS, and Pseudomonas chlororaphis PNTB were characterized for their tolerance to salt and antibiotics...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
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