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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800978/modelling-landscape-dynamics-with-lst-in-protected-areas-of-western-ghats-karnataka
#1
T V Ramachandra, Setturu Bharath, Nimish Gupta
Forest ecosystems sustain biota on the earth as they are habitat to diverse biotic species, arrests soil erosion, play a crucial role in water cycle, sequester carbon, and helps in mitigating the impacts of global warming. Large scale land use land cover (LULC) change leading to deforestation is one of the drivers of global climate changes and alteration of biogeochemical cycles with significant consequences in ecosystem services and biodiversity. This has necessitated the investigation of LULC by mapping, monitoring and modelling spatio-temporal patterns and evaluating these in the context of human-environment interactions...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776358/comorbidities-and-related-factors-in-rheumatoid-arthritis-patients-of-south-india-karnataka-rheumatoid-arthritis-comorbidity-krac-study
#2
S Chandrashekara, V Shobha, B G Dharmanand, R Jois, S Kumar, K M Mahendranath, V Haridas, S Prasad, Y Singh, M A Daware, A Swamy, R Subramanian, S A Somashekar, A M Shanthappa, K R Anupama
The aim was to study the prevalence of comorbidities in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients in everyday clinical practice and their association with disease-specific and demographic factors. The multi-center study recruited 3,247 (at 14 centers, and 265) were excluded due to incomplete data. The number of subjects considered for the analysis was 2982. The mean (±standard deviation) age was 48.98±12.64 years and the male-to-female ratio was 1:5. The data was collected based on a pre-structured pro forma by trained clinical research associates through interview and verification of charts and reports available in the patient records...
August 3, 2017: Reumatismo
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770241/analysis-of-synonymous-codon-usage-bias-and-phylogeny-of-coat-protein-gene-in-banana-bract-mosaic-virus-isolates
#3
Atul B Patil, Vijayendra S Dalvi, Akhilesh A Mishra, Bal Krishna, Abdul Azeez
The banana is one of the world's most important livelihood crops. Banana plants are principally infected by four virus species, Banana bunchy top virus (genus Babuvirus), Cucumber mosaic virus (genus Cucumovirus), Banana streak virus (genus Badnavirus) and Banana bract mosaic virus (genus Potyvirus). The objective of this study is to understand the codon usage pattern and phylogeny of coat protein gene in different banana bract mosaic virus (BBrMV) isolates. The BBrMV Coat Protein (CP) gene was amplified from BBrMV infected banana plant samples collected from different districts of Tamil Nadu and Karnataka, India...
June 2017: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770240/survey-symptomatology-transmission-host-range-and-characterization-of-begomovirus-associated-with-yellow-mosaic-disease-of-ridge-gourd-in-southern-india
#4
Chandrakant V Patil, S V Ramdas, U Premchand, K S Shankarappa
Ridge gourd is an important vegetable crop and is affected by several biotic and abiotic factors. Among the different biotic factors, ridge gourd yellow mosaic disease (RgYMD) is new emerging threat for the production of ridge gourd. The incidence of the RgYMD varied from 30 to 100% in southern India with highest disease incidence of 100% observed in Belagavi district of Karnataka state. The infected plants showed chlorosis, mosaic, cupping of leaves, blistering, reduction in leaf size and stunted growth. The varieties/hybrids grown in the farmer's fields were found to be susceptible to the disease...
June 2017: Virusdisease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28768506/a-qualitative-exploration-of-cervical-and-breast-cancer-stigma-in-karnataka-india
#5
Laura Nyblade, Melissa Stockton, Sandra Travasso, Suneeta Krishnan
BACKGROUND: Breast and cervical cancer are two of the most common cancers among women worldwide and were the two leading causes of cancer related death for women in India in 2013. While it is recognized that psychosocial and cultural factors influence access to education, prevention, screening and treatment, the role of stigma related to these two cancers has received limited attention. METHODS: Two qualitative exploratory studies. One focusing on cervical cancer, the other on breast cancer, were conducted in Karnataka, India using in-depth interviews and focus group discussions...
August 2, 2017: BMC Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762894/how-patients-navigate-the-diagnostic-ecosystem-in-a-fragmented-health-system-a-qualitative-study-from-india
#6
Vijayashree Yellapa, Narayanan Devadasan, Anja Krumeich, Nitika Pant Pai, Caroline Vadnais, Madhukar Pai, Nora Engel
BACKGROUND: Depending on a country's diagnostic infrastructure, patients and providers play different roles in ensuring that correct and timely diagnosis is made. However, little is known about the work done by patients in accessing diagnostic services and completing the 'test and treat' loop. OBJECTIVE: To address this knowledge gap, we traced the diagnostic journeys of patients with tuberculosis, diabetes, hypertension and typhoid, and examined the work they had to do to arrive at a diagnosis...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28746322/approximation-of-height-of-an-individual-using-somatometry-of-human-male-skull
#7
J Acharya, B S K Shetty, R Shrestha, T Kanchan
INTRODUCTION: Numerous population specific studies conducted on skeletal remains have aimed to standardize the identification process. Known for ethnic and sexual variations, skull bone can also assist the identification process by estimating stature of the individual. The present study focuses on estimation of stature from skull bone using uni-variate and multi-variate regression models in south Indian population. METHODS: Stature and maximum cranial length, maximum cranial breadth, bi-pterion breadth, parietal cord and upper facial breadth were measured in wet skulls of 113 males, autopsied at Government Hospital of Kudla, Karnataka...
April 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738791/anthropometric-indices-for-non-pregnant-women-of-childbearing-age-differ-widely-among-four-low-middle-income-populations
#8
K Michael Hambidge, Nancy F Krebs, Ana Garcés, Jamie E Westcott, Lester Figueroa, Shivaprasad S Goudar, Sangappa Dhaded, Omrana Pasha, Sumera Aziz Ali, Antoinette Tshefu, Adrien Lokangaka, Vanessa R Thorsten, Abhik Das, Kristen Stolka, Elizabeth M McClure, Rebecca L Lander, Carl L Bose, Richard J Derman, Robert L Goldenberg, Melissa Bauserman
BACKGROUND: Maternal stature and body mass indices (BMI) of non-pregnant women (NPW) of child bearing age are relevant to maternal and offspring health. The objective was to compare anthropometric indices of NPW in four rural communities in low- to low-middle income countries (LMIC). METHODS: Anthropometry and maternal characteristics/household wealth questionnaires were obtained for NPW enrolled in the Women First Preconception Maternal Nutrition Trial. Body mass index (BMI, kg/m(2)) was calculated...
July 24, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729800/dentition-status-and-treatment-needs-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patients-on-anti-retro-viral-therapy-in-raichur-taluk-karnataka-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arunkumar Acharya, Shanthi Margabandhu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the dentition status and the treatment needs of the HIV-positive patients on ART for more than a year in Raichur, Karnataka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Convenience sampling was followed. The sample size was 170. The dentition status and treatment needs of the patients were recorded as per the WHO guidelines. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of dental caries was 79.4%. Males had higher percentage of dental caries than the females, and this was found to be statistically significant...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716193/epidemiological-features-and-financial-loss-due-to-clinically-diagnosed-haemorrhagic-septicemia-in-bovines-in-karnataka-india
#10
G Govindaraj, P Krishnamoorthy, K R Nethrayini, R Shalini, H Rahman
The epidemiological features and financial losses due to Haemorrhagic Septicemia (HS) in bovines were studied in Karnataka state using the primary data collected from 133 clinically diagnosed HS affected farms. The various losses due to HS and the Benefit- Cost of the vaccination programme in cattle and water buffaloes were studied using mathematical models. The number of HS outbreaks were higher during the year 2002 and peaked during 2005 and thereafter declined due to targeted vaccination against HS. The morbidity and mortality risks were lower in large farms than medium and small farms, and lower in indigenous cattle compared to high yielding crossbred cattle and water buffaloes...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709490/serum-levels-of-soluble-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-supar-as-a-marker-of-tuberculosis-treatment-efficacy
#11
V Indumati, V Vijay, D Krishnaswamy, V Rajeshwari, A Ramesh, D Shantala, A Shilpa
BACKGROUND: Upon diagnosis, Pulmonary Tuberculosis patients are treated for TB for a period of 6-9 months. At present, there exists very little indication of the efficacy of the particular treatment. A few previous studies have shown that soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (SuPAR) may be used as treatment efficacy marker. SuPAR is a cellular receptor for serine protease urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA). Bacterial endotoxins and cytokines of the innate immune system stimulate the secretion of uPA in monocytes & neutrophils...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707593/effects-of-some-indigenous-plants-of-north-karnataka-india-on-cardiovascular-and-glucose-regulatory-systems-in-diabetic-rats
#12
Kusal K Das, Kailash S Chadchan, R Chandramouli Reddy, M S Biradar, Pallavi S Kanthe, Bheemshetty S Pati, Jeevan G Ambekar, Ishwar B Bagoji, Swastika Das
BACKGROUND: The medicinal plants of north Karnataka, India are always researchers delight as many of these plants are rarely found in elsewhere other than this part of India. Kenaf leaves (Hibiscus cannabinus Linn, Pundi), Chick pea leaves (Cicer arietinum Linn, Chana) and Prickly lettuce leaves (Lactuca scariola Linn, Hattaraki.) are a few of these indigenous plants which are routinely consumed by the people as diet in this part of India. Various studies were done on these plants to find out some potential anti diabetic efficacies but reports are still not encouraging...
July 12, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706369/improving-the-knowledge-and-attitude-on-standard-days-method-of-family-planning-through-a-promotional-program-among-indian-postgraduate-students
#13
Philby Babu Menachery, Judith Angelitta Noronha, Sweety Fernanades
INTRODUCTION: The 'Standard Days Method' is a fertility awareness-based method of family planning that identifies day 8 through day 19 of the menstrual cycle as fertile days during which a woman is likely to conceive with unprotected intercourse. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of a promotional program on the 'Standard Days Method' in terms of improving the knowledge scores and attitude scores. DESIGN: A pre-experimental one-group pretest-posttest research design was adopted...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702411/diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-elderly-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-oncology-center-in-south-india
#14
K N Lokesh, M C Suresh Babu, K C Lakshmaiah, K Govind Babu, Smitha C Saldanha, D Loknatha, Linu Abraham Jacob, S Vishwanath, C S Premalatha, P R Kiran
INTRODUCTION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most frequent non-Hodgkins lymphoma in the elderly. With the rising proportion of older persons in India, it is important to study current patterns and management of this disease, given that data in this regard are scarce in Indian settings. The aim of this study was to document the clinical features of DLBCL among elderly patients and their outcome over 7 years at a tertiary care oncology center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective records review of 119 DLBCL cases between January 2007 and January 2015 aged 60 years and above done at Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India...
April 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694614/environmental-arsenic-contamination-and-its-effect-on-intelligence-quotient-of-school-children-in-a-historic-gold-mining-area-hutti-north-karnataka-india-a-pilot-study
#15
R Manju, Amitha M Hegde, Paul Parlees, Anisha Keshan
CONTEXT: Arsenic is a rare crystal element that naturally occurs in all environmental media. A combination of regional and site-specific biogeochemical and hydrological factors governs its dispersion in the environment. It has far reaching consequences on human health. Exposure to arsenic in drinking water has been associated with a decline in intellectual function in children. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between exposure to arsenic by drinking water and children's intelligence in Karnataka state, India...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689480/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-brucellosis-among-veterinary-health-care-professionals
#16
Rajeswari Shome, Triveni Kalleshamurthy, Padmashree B Shankaranarayana, Prashanth Giribattanvar, Nagarathna Chandrashekar, Nagalingam Mohandoss, Bibek Ranjan Shome, Ashok Kumar, Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe, Habibur Rahman
The study describes prevalence, clinical symptoms and risk factors for brucellosis in personnel engaged in veterinary health care in Karnataka, India. A total of 1050 sera samples were collected from animal handlers, veterinarians, veterinary students, para-veterinarians and persons engaged in artificial insemination of animals. The sera samples were tested for brucellosis by Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT), serum agglutination test (SAT), IgG and IgM indirect ELISA and PCR. Age, sex, clinical symptoms and risk factors were recorded in structured questionnaire...
July 8, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685668/investigating-the-asymmetrical-roles-of-syllabic-and-phonemic-awareness-in-akshara-processing
#17
Pooja R Nakamura, R Malatesha Joshi, Xuejun Ryan Ji
In this study, we examine the relative contributions of syllabic awareness, phonemic awareness, and oral vocabulary knowledge in early akshara reading ability from Grades 1 through 5. The performance of 488 students in two states of South India, Karnataka (Kannada language) and Andhra Pradesh (Telugu language), was measured. Results from a commonality analysis indicate that there was an increasing independent contribution of syllabic awareness to Kannada and Telugu decoding through the five grades, but the unique contribution of phonemic awareness steadily declined through the five grades, as it became subsumed within syllabic awareness...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681814/resurgence-of-diphtheria-in-rural-areas-of-north-karnataka-india
#18
Mahantesh V Parande, Subarna Roy, B G Mantur, Aisha M Parande, Rupali S Shinde
BACKGROUND: A diphtheria outbreak was identified from Vijayapura (formerly Bijapur) district in the South Indian state of Karnataka in 2011. There was a surge in the number of throat swab samples received under the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) in North Karnataka since then. OBJECTIVES: A microbiological study was undertaken to generate information on the status of resurgence of the disease in the region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Throat swabs from 432 suspected cases of diphtheria during 2012-2015 were obtained from government hospitals and primary health centres of 8 districts in North Karnataka and were processed for the culture and identification of Corynebacterium diphtheriae...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658874/mr-imaging-of-rotator-cuff-tears-correlation-with-arthroscopy
#19
Gururaj Sharma, Sudarshan Bhandary, Ganesh Khandige, Utkarsh Kabra
INTRODUCTION: Rotator cuff tears are quite common and can cause significant disability. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has now emerged as the modality of choice in the preoperative evaluation of patients with rotator cuff injuries, in view of its improved inherent soft tissue contrast and resolution. AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of routine MRI in the detection and characterisation of rotator cuff tears, by correlating the findings with arthroscopy...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658872/mri-evaluation-of-local-extent-of-carcinoma-cervix-is-post-contrast-imaging-needed-in-every-case
#20
Joish Upendra Kumar, Ramireddy Harikiran Reddy, Pallavi Sinha, Niveditha Kodali, Vivek Sreekanth
INTRODUCTION: Carcinoma cervix is widely prevalent among women in developing countries. Post contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) utilising spin echo T1 weighted sequence with fat suppression is widely practiced as part of evaluation of carcinoma cervix. However, it is unclear if such post contrast imaging provides any additional information other than adding to the cost of imaging. AIM: To find accuracy of T1 and T2 weighted non contrast MRI protocol in comparison with post contrast spin echo T1 weighted fat suppressed imaging in evaluating the local extent of the carcinoma cervix...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
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