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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729800/dentition-status-and-treatment-needs-of-human-immunodeficiency-virus-positive-patients-on-anti-retro-viral-therapy-in-raichur-taluk-karnataka-india-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arunkumar Acharya, Shanthi Margabandhu
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to assess the dentition status and the treatment needs of the HIV-positive patients on ART for more than a year in Raichur, Karnataka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Convenience sampling was followed. The sample size was 170. The dentition status and treatment needs of the patients were recorded as per the WHO guidelines. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of dental caries was 79.4%. Males had higher percentage of dental caries than the females, and this was found to be statistically significant...
April 2017: European Journal of Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716193/epidemiological-features-and-financial-loss-due-to-clinically-diagnosed-haemorrhagic-septicemia-in-bovines-in-karnataka-india
#2
G Govindaraj, P Krishnamoorthy, K R Nethrayini, R Shalini, H Rahman
The epidemiological features and financial losses due to Haemorrhagic Septicemia (HS) in bovines were studied in Karnataka state using the primary data collected from 133 clinically diagnosed HS affected farms. The various losses due to HS and the Benefit- Cost of the vaccination programme in cattle and water buffaloes were studied using mathematical models. The number of HS outbreaks were higher during the year 2002 and peaked during 2005 and thereafter declined due to targeted vaccination against HS. The morbidity and mortality risks were lower in large farms than medium and small farms, and lower in indigenous cattle compared to high yielding crossbred cattle and water buffaloes...
September 1, 2017: Preventive Veterinary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709490/serum-levels-of-soluble-urokinase-plasminogen-activator-receptor-supar-as-a-marker-of-tuberculosis-treatment-efficacy
#3
V Indumati, V Vijay, D Krishnaswamy, V Rajeshwari, A Ramesh, D Shantala, A Shilpa
BACKGROUND: Upon diagnosis, Pulmonary Tuberculosis patients are treated for TB for a period of 6-9 months. At present, there exists very little indication of the efficacy of the particular treatment. A few previous studies have shown that soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (SuPAR) may be used as treatment efficacy marker. SuPAR is a cellular receptor for serine protease urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA). Bacterial endotoxins and cytokines of the innate immune system stimulate the secretion of uPA in monocytes & neutrophils...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707593/effects-of-some-indigenous-plants-of-north-karnataka-india-on-cardiovascular-and-glucose-regulatory-systems-in-diabetic-rats
#4
Kusal K Das, Kailash S Chadchan, R Chandramouli Reddy, M S Biradar, Pallavi S Kanthe, Bheemshetty S Pati, Jeevan G Ambekar, Ishwar B Bagoji, Swastika Das
BACKGROUND: The medicinal plants of north Karnataka, India are always researchers delight as many of these plants are rarely found in elsewhere other than this part of India. Kenaf leaves (Hibiscus cannabinus Linn, Pundi), Chick pea leaves (Cicer arietinum Linn, Chana) and Prickly lettuce leaves (Lactuca scariola Linn, Hattaraki.) are a few of these indigenous plants which are routinely consumed by the people as diet in this part of India. Various studies were done on these plants to find out some potential anti diabetic efficacies but reports are still not encouraging...
July 12, 2017: Cardiovascular & Hematological Agents in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706369/improving-the-knowledge-and-attitude-on-standard-days-method-of-family-planning-through-a-promotional-program-among-indian-postgraduate-students
#5
Philby Babu Menachery, Judith Angelitta Noronha, Sweety Fernanades
INTRODUCTION: The 'Standard Days Method' is a fertility awareness-based method of family planning that identifies day 8 through day 19 of the menstrual cycle as fertile days during which a woman is likely to conceive with unprotected intercourse. OBJECTIVE: The study was aimed to determine the effectiveness of a promotional program on the 'Standard Days Method' in terms of improving the knowledge scores and attitude scores. DESIGN: A pre-experimental one-group pretest-posttest research design was adopted...
August 2017: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702411/diffuse-large-b-cell-lymphoma-in-elderly-experience-from-a-tertiary-care-oncology-center-in-south-india
#6
K N Lokesh, M C Suresh Babu, K C Lakshmaiah, K Govind Babu, Smitha C Saldanha, D Loknatha, Linu Abraham Jacob, S Vishwanath, C S Premalatha, P R Kiran
INTRODUCTION: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most frequent non-Hodgkins lymphoma in the elderly. With the rising proportion of older persons in India, it is important to study current patterns and management of this disease, given that data in this regard are scarce in Indian settings. The aim of this study was to document the clinical features of DLBCL among elderly patients and their outcome over 7 years at a tertiary care oncology center. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective records review of 119 DLBCL cases between January 2007 and January 2015 aged 60 years and above done at Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India...
April 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694614/environmental-arsenic-contamination-and-its-effect-on-intelligence-quotient-of-school-children-in-a-historic-gold-mining-area-hutti-north-karnataka-india-a-pilot-study
#7
R Manju, Amitha M Hegde, Paul Parlees, Anisha Keshan
CONTEXT: Arsenic is a rare crystal element that naturally occurs in all environmental media. A combination of regional and site-specific biogeochemical and hydrological factors governs its dispersion in the environment. It has far reaching consequences on human health. Exposure to arsenic in drinking water has been associated with a decline in intellectual function in children. AIM: The aim of this study is to assess the relationship between exposure to arsenic by drinking water and children's intelligence in Karnataka state, India...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689480/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-brucellosis-among-veterinary-health-care-professionals
#8
Rajeswari Shome, Triveni Kalleshamurthy, Padmashree B Shankaranarayana, Prashanth Giribattanvar, Nagarathna Chandrashekar, Nagalingam Mohandoss, Bibek Ranjan Shome, Ashok Kumar, Sukhadeo B Barbuddhe, Habibur Rahman
The study describes prevalence, clinical symptoms and risk factors for brucellosis in personnel engaged in veterinary health care in Karnataka, India. A total of 1050 sera samples were collected from animal handlers, veterinarians, veterinary students, para-veterinarians and persons engaged in artificial insemination of animals. The sera samples were tested for brucellosis by Rose Bengal plate test (RBPT), serum agglutination test (SAT), IgG and IgM indirect ELISA and PCR. Age, sex, clinical symptoms and risk factors were recorded in structured questionnaire...
July 8, 2017: Pathogens and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685668/investigating-the-asymmetrical-roles-of-syllabic-and-phonemic-awareness-in-akshara-processing
#9
Pooja R Nakamura, R Malatesha Joshi, Xuejun Ryan Ji
In this study, we examine the relative contributions of syllabic awareness, phonemic awareness, and oral vocabulary knowledge in early akshara reading ability from Grades 1 through 5. The performance of 488 students in two states of South India, Karnataka (Kannada language) and Andhra Pradesh (Telugu language), was measured. Results from a commonality analysis indicate that there was an increasing independent contribution of syllabic awareness to Kannada and Telugu decoding through the five grades, but the unique contribution of phonemic awareness steadily declined through the five grades, as it became subsumed within syllabic awareness...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Learning Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681814/resurgence-of-diphtheria-in-rural-areas-of-north-karnataka-india
#10
Mahantesh V Parande, Subarna Roy, B G Mantur, Aisha M Parande, Rupali S Shinde
BACKGROUND: A diphtheria outbreak was identified from Vijayapura (formerly Bijapur) district in the South Indian state of Karnataka in 2011. There was a surge in the number of throat swab samples received under the Integrated Disease Surveillance Programme (IDSP) in North Karnataka since then. OBJECTIVES: A microbiological study was undertaken to generate information on the status of resurgence of the disease in the region. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Throat swabs from 432 suspected cases of diphtheria during 2012-2015 were obtained from government hospitals and primary health centres of 8 districts in North Karnataka and were processed for the culture and identification of Corynebacterium diphtheriae...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658874/mr-imaging-of-rotator-cuff-tears-correlation-with-arthroscopy
#11
Gururaj Sharma, Sudarshan Bhandary, Ganesh Khandige, Utkarsh Kabra
INTRODUCTION: Rotator cuff tears are quite common and can cause significant disability. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) has now emerged as the modality of choice in the preoperative evaluation of patients with rotator cuff injuries, in view of its improved inherent soft tissue contrast and resolution. AIM: To evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of routine MRI in the detection and characterisation of rotator cuff tears, by correlating the findings with arthroscopy...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658872/mri-evaluation-of-local-extent-of-carcinoma-cervix-is-post-contrast-imaging-needed-in-every-case
#12
Joish Upendra Kumar, Ramireddy Harikiran Reddy, Pallavi Sinha, Niveditha Kodali, Vivek Sreekanth
INTRODUCTION: Carcinoma cervix is widely prevalent among women in developing countries. Post contrast Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) utilising spin echo T1 weighted sequence with fat suppression is widely practiced as part of evaluation of carcinoma cervix. However, it is unclear if such post contrast imaging provides any additional information other than adding to the cost of imaging. AIM: To find accuracy of T1 and T2 weighted non contrast MRI protocol in comparison with post contrast spin echo T1 weighted fat suppressed imaging in evaluating the local extent of the carcinoma cervix...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658807/effect-of-yoga-on-psychological-functioning-of-nursing-students-a-randomized-wait-list-control-trial
#13
Monali Devaraj Mathad, Balaram Pradhan, Rajesh K Sasidharan
INTRODUCTION: Nursing students experience considerable amount of stress to meet their professional demands. Yoga is an effective practice to reduce stress and improve psychological well being. However, improvement in psychological well being aids in stress management. AIM: To evaluate the effectiveness of eight week yoga intervention on psychological functioning of nursing students. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a randomised Wait List Control (WLC) trial, we recruited total 100 students from Kempegowda Institute of Nursing, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India and randomized them into two groups (yoga=50 and WLC=50 students)...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658771/a1-and-a2-sub-types-of-blood-group-a-a-reflection-of-their-prevalence-in-north-karnataka-region
#14
Sujata S Giriyan, Akanksha Agrawal, Richa Bajpai, Niraj Kumar Nirala
INTRODUCTION: Landsteiner ABO system of blood groups is most important for transfusion medicine and has subtypes of A Antigen, A1 and A2, upon which further groups of A and AB have been classified. Of individuals with A antigen, approximately 20% belong to A2 while rest 80% belong to A1. Anti-A1 Lectin, a cold agglutinin which destroys A1 cells is clinically significant when they react at 37°C, causing transfusion reactions. AIM: To assess the prevalence of A1 and A2 subgroups in the population...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658756/unusual-severe-extra-intestinal-manifestations-of-a-common-enteric-pathogen-aeromonas-spp
#15
Barnini Banerjee, Mridula Madiyal, Lingadakai Ramchandra, Chiranjay Mukhopadhyay, Rahul Garg, Kiran Chawla
INTRODUCTION: Aeromonas spp. are halophilic, Gram-negative bacilli. They are widely distributed in the soil and aquatic environment and have been associated with various extra-intestinal infections, such as skin and soft-tissue infections, meningitis, bacteraemia etc. The most common species associated with extra-intestinal infection is Aeromonas hydrophila. AIM: To get the overview of clinical presentations, underlying predisposing factors associated with the extra-intestinal infections caused by Aeromonas species and their antimicrobial susceptibility pattern...
May 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627428/occupational-exposure-of-cashew-nut-workers-to-kyasanur-forest-disease-in-goa-india
#16
D Y Patil, P D Yadav, A M Shete, J Nuchina, R Meti, D Bhattad, S Someshwar, D T Mourya
A series of suspected cases of Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD) in subjects returning to Belgaum in Karnataka State from Goa, India, is reported herein. KFD was confirmed in 13 out of 76 cases, either by real time RT-PCR or IgM ELISA. No case fatality was recorded. KFD virus positivity was also recorded among humans and monkeys from Sattari taluk in Goa during the same period. The envelope gene sequence of positive human samples from Belgaum showed highest identity of 99.98% to 99.99% with sequences of KFD virus isolated from human cases and monkeys from Goa...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615841/cobboldia-elephantis-cobbold-1866-larval-infestation-in-an-indian-elephant-elephas-maximus
#17
Ananda K Javare Gowda, N K Dharanesha, P Giridhar, S M Byre Gowda
In the present study, post-mortem was conducted on a female elephant aged about 37 years died at Rajeev Gandhi National Park, Hunsur, Mathigoodu Elephant Camp, Karnataka state. The animal suffered with diarrhoea, anorexia, dehydration and was unable to walk for about one week before death and was treated with antibiotics and fluid therapy for three days. The post-mortem examination revealed that, the gastric mucosa was severely congested, hyperaemic and numerous stomach bots attached to the mucosa. The bots were recovered from the gastric mucosa and processed for species identification...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614763/evaluating-the-effect-of-remote-sensing-image-spatial-resolution-on-soil-exchangeable-potassium-prediction-models-in-smallholder-farm-settings
#18
Yiming Xu, Scot E Smith, Sabine Grunwald, Amr Abd-Elrahman, Suhas P Wani
Major end users of Digital Soil Mapping (DSM) such as policy makers and agricultural extension workers are faced with choosing the appropriate remote sensing data. The objective of this research is to analyze the spatial resolution effects of different remote sensing images on soil prediction models in two smallholder farms in Southern India called Kothapally (Telangana State), and Masuti (Karnataka State), and provide empirical guidelines to choose the appropriate remote sensing images in DSM. Bayesian kriging (BK) was utilized to characterize the spatial pattern of exchangeable potassium (Kex) in the topsoil (0-15 cm) at different spatial resolutions by incorporating spectral indices from Landsat 8 (30 m), RapidEye (5 m), and WorldView-2/GeoEye-1/Pleiades-1A images (2 m)...
June 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611324/comparative-evaluation-of-mangifera-indica-leaf-mouthwash-with-chlorhexidine-on-plaque-accumulation-gingival-inflammation-and-salivary-streptococcal-growth
#19
Sham S Bhat, K Sundeep Hegde, Chinchu Mathew, S Vidya Bhat, M Shyamjith
AIMS: This study aims to compare the efficacy of a mango (Mangifera indica) leaf mouthwash with chlorhexidine on plaque status, gingival status, and salivary Streptococcus mutans count. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of twenty children, aged 8-14 years, Mangalore Residential School, Karnataka, India, was allocated into two groups. Group A (10) and Group B (10) were given test mouthwash "mango leaf mouthwash" and chlorhexidine, respectively. The clinical trial was carried out for ½ h after rinsing and after 5 days, during which children were asked to rinse once daily, with 10 ml of the given mouthwash ½ h after tooth brushing...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611320/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-and-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-among-dental-practitioners-in-dakshina-kannada-and-coorg-district
#20
D Anupama Prasad, Drithi Appachu, Vinayak Kamath, D Krishna Prasad
CONTEXT: Dental practitioners who usually have to work for long durations in a particular fixed posture are more prone to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), particularly those involving the hand and wrist and also of the lower back. AIMS: To study the prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and low back pain (LBP) among dental practitioners and to correlate the symptoms with the duration of practice. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A closed-end questionnaire was distributed to 100 dental practitioners from Dakshina Kannada and Coorg districts of Karnataka, India...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
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