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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159256/cirrhosis-of-liver-interference-of-serpins-in-quantification-of-serpina4-a-preliminary-study
#1
Krishna Sumanth Nallagangula, K N Shashidhar, V Lakshmaiah, C Muninarayana
Background: Cirrhosis of liver is a pathological condition, wherein functions of liver are impaired by chronic liver exploitations. Due to decrease in synthetic capacity, expressions of plasma proteins tend to decrease in blood stream. Serpins (Serine protease inhibitors) are class of plasma proteins expressed from liver with structural similarities and diverse functions. SERPINA4 (Kallistatin) is a multifunctional serpin clade A protein expressed from liver and concentration in serum is the reflection of extent of liver dysfunction...
December 2017: Pract Lab Med
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149211/occupational-exposure-to-unburnt-tobacco-and-potential-risk-of-toxic-optic-neuropathy-a-cross-sectional-study-among-beedi-rollers-in-selected-rural-areas-of-coastal-karnataka-india
#2
Soujanya Kaup, Ansaba Naseer, Siddharudha Shivalli, Cynthia Arunachalam
BACKGROUND: Beedi also known as poor man's cigarette is manufactured in almost all major states of India. Beedi workers are exposed to various health risks. There is an increased risk of systemic absorption of tobacco through skin and mucous membrane. The optic nerve is susceptible to damage from several toxic substances including tobacco. This group of disorders is known as toxic optic neuropathy (TON). The association of TON with occupational exposure to unburnt tobacco in beedi rollers has not been explored...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142744/-who-has-to-do-it-at-the-end-of-the-day-programme-officials-or-hospital-authorities-airborne-infection-control-at-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-dr-tb-centres-of-karnataka-india-a-mixed-methods-study
#3
Kibballi Madhukeshwar Akshaya, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Ottapura Prabhakaran Aslesh, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Abhay Subashrao Nirgude, Anil Singarajipura, Anil G Jacob
Background: Drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) centers admit patients with DR-TB for initiation of treatment and thereby concentrate the patients under one setting. It becomes imperative to assess the compliance of DR-TB centres to national airborne infection control (AIC) guidelines and explore the provider perspectives into reasons for unsatisfactory compliance. Methods: This mixed methods study (triangulation design) was carried out across all the six DR-TB centers of Karnataka state, India, between November 2016 and April 2017...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138654/syphilis-and-hiv-infections-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-republic-of-congo
#4
Roch Fabien Niama, Nadia Claricelle Loukabou Bongolo, Edith Sophie Bayonne Kombo, Ruth Yengo, Pembe Issamou Mayengue, Etoka-Beka Mandingha Kosso, Igor Louzolo, Lucette Macosso, Ghislain Dzeret, Angélie Serge Patrick Dzabatou Babeaux, Marie-Francke Puruehnce, Henri Joseph Parra
Introduction: HIV and syphilis during pregnancy remain a public health concern especially in developing countries. Pregnant women attending antenatal clinics sites for the first time between September and December 2011 and who accepted to participate in the study were enrolled. The objective was to estimate the syphilis and HIV infection rate in this population. Methods: A study was conducted in 44 selected ANCs from 12 departments (5 urban and 7 rural). Pregnant women who accepted to participate in the study, attending selected sentinel ANCs sites for the first time between September and December 2011 were enrolled...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125041/hiv-risks-among-women-who-are-married-to-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-india-a-qualitative-investigation
#5
Cecilia Tomori, Aylur K Srikrishnan, Shruti H Mehta, Nymisha Nimmagadda, Santhanam Anand, Canjeevaram K Vasudevan, David D Celentano, Sunil S Solomon
In countries such as India, men who have same-sex partnerships may marry women due to cultural pressures regardless of their sexual desires and preferences. The wives of such men may be at risk for HIV but limited existing research addresses this issue. This qualitative study used in-depth interviews to investigate HIV-related risk among married men who have sex with men (n = 34) and women who were aware of their husband's same-sex behaviour (n = 13) from six research sites in five states and a Union Territory in India: Delhi (Delhi), Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh), Hyderabad (Telangana), Bengaluru (Karnataka), Chennai and Madurai (Tamil Nadu)...
November 10, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114145/studies-on-theileriosis-in-goats-from-karnataka-south-india
#6
R Shruthi, P M Thimmareddy, G S Mamatha, B M Chandranaik, G C Puttalakshmamma
A study was conducted to determine the prevalence of theileriosis in goats from southern districts of Karnataka. Out of 47 goat blood samples examined by microscopy, 68.08% (32/47) were positive for Theileria spp. The parasitemia ranged from 1.0 to 1.8 and 0.1-0.9% in clinical and carrier animals respectively. Out of 325 ticks collected from goats, 92.6 (301) and 7.38 (24)% of the ticks were found to be Haemaphysalis and Rhipicephalus respectively. Hemaphysalis kutchensis (90.15%) was found to be the predominant species followed by R...
December 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109934/do-clinical-trials-conducted-in-india-match-its-healthcare-needs-an-audit-of-the-clinical-trials-registry-of-india
#7
Mansi Chaturvedi, Nithya J Gogtay, Urmila M Thatte
Background: India continues to contribute disproportionately to the global burden of disease and public health research output from India is also known to be not commensurate with her healthcare needs. We carried out the present study to assess if clinical trials were in line with the health care needs of the country by auditing the clinical trials registry of India. Materials and Methods: All the clinical studies registered in CTRI between July 20, 2007 and December 31, 2015 were searched in the "Trial Search" section...
October 2017: Perspectives in Clinical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109054/assessing-the-presence-of-marine-toxins-in-bivalve-molluscs-from-southwest-india
#8
Andrew D Turner, Monika Dhanji-Rapkova, Stephanie Rowland-Pilgrim, Lucy M Turner, Ashwin Rai, Moleyur N Venugopal, Indrani Karunasagar, Anna Godhe
The south west coast of India has been showing a steady increase in shellfish cultivation both for local consumption and fishery export, over recent years. Perna viridis and Crassostrea madrasensis are two species of bivalve molluscs which grow in some selected regions of southern Karnataka, close to the city of Mangalore. In the early 1980s, shellfish consumers in the region were affected by intoxication from Paralytic Shellfish Poison present in local bivalves (clams and oysters) resulting in hospitalisation of many, including one fatality...
November 3, 2017: Toxicon: Official Journal of the International Society on Toxinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097009/prevalence-and-risk-factors-of-self-reported-voice-problems-among-yakshagana-artists
#9
Usha Devadas, Manisha Hegde, Santosh Maruthy
BACKGROUND: Yakshagana /jakʃaga:na/ is a form of folk theater of India. It is a blend of music, acting, dance, costume, dialogue, and stage techniques with an exclusive style and form. Even though Yakshagana artists (singers and actors) are professional voice users, no reports are available in the literature regarding the prevalence of voice problems (VPs) in these performers. AIM: The current study investigated (a) the prevalence of self-reported VPs, (b) the different risk factors associated with the development of VPs, (c) the self-reported vocal health, and (d) the effect of VP on Yakshagana folk artists...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092080/disclosure-of-hiv-status-to-infected-children-in-south-india-perspectives-of-caregivers
#10
Maria L Ekstrand, Elsa Heylen, Kayur Mehta, G N Sanjeeva, Anita Shet
This study was designed to examine the rates of HIV serostatus disclosure in a sample of HIV-infected children in the state of Karnataka in South India, their reactions to learning their HIV-positive status and the reasons for and barriers to disclosure from the point of view of their caregivers. We enrolled 233 HIV-infected children, aged 5-18 years and their caregivers between July 2011 and February 2013 at HIV clinics in three tertiary care centers. Caregiver interviews included information about demographic characteristics, medical history, type of disclosure to the child and other related factors, including disclosure barriers...
October 30, 2017: Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072220/microbial-assessment-of-dental-unit-waterlines-in-an-institutional-setup-in-karnataka-south-india
#11
Shobha Rodrigues, Shivani Suvarna, Jyoti Suvarna, Vishwas Saralaya, Sharon Saldanha, Vidya K Shenoy
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Biofilms in dental unit waterlines (DUWLs), suction hoses, and fittings are a potentially significant source of cross-contamination posing significant health risk as these may come into contact with patients during treatment. The purpose of this in vitro study was to identify the spectrum of bacterial flora colonizing the DUWLs and to detect pathogenic microorganisms present in such an environmental niche. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty DUWL samples were collected from in use dental units selected randomly from various clinical departments...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29072217/assessment-of-quality-of-life-of-patients-1-5-years-after-treatment-for-oral-cancer
#12
Akshay Khandelwal, Arati Neeli, Akshata Gadiyar, Ankit Khandelwal
PURPOSE: The study aims to assess the quality of life (QOL) of oral cancer survivors, 1-5 years after the treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of fifty patients concerning their QOL were gained from the Outpatient Department of K.L.E's Dr. Prabhakar Kore Hospital and Medical Research Institute, Belagavi, and Karnataka Cancer Therapy and Research Institute, Navanagar, Hubli, Karnataka, India. All the patients suffered from oral cancer (stage T2-T4) and underwent surgery with reconstruction followed by chemotherapy or radiotherapy or both...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990421/the-impact-of-a-private-public-partnership-delivery-system-on-the-hiv-continuum-of-care-in-a-south-indian-city
#13
Greer Waldrop, Suraj Sarvode, Srirama Rao, V H T Swamy, Sunil Suhas Solomon, Shruti H Mehta, S N Mothi
We characterized the impact of a Private-Public Partnership (PPP) on the continuum of HIV care (e.g., treatment initiation, ART effectiveness and loss to follow-up) among adults enrolled at a private hospital/ART link center in the southern state of Karnataka, India from 2007 through 2012. Data on 2326 adults in care were compiled using an electronic database supplemented with medical chart abstraction. Survival methods with staggered entries were used to analyze time to ART initiation and loss to follow-up as well as associated factors...
October 9, 2017: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989871/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-peripheral-neuropathy-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-coastal-karnataka
#14
Sonalika Gogia, Chythra R Rao
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: In view of the growing burden of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) globally and associated microvascular and macrovascular complications, the study was done to assess the prevalence and risk factors for diabetic neuropathy among T2DM patients attending a tertiary care hospital. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: T2DM patients' ≥30 years of both gender, presenting to the Medicine Department at a tertiary care hospital were included in the study. Diabetic Neuropathy Symptom (DNS) questionnaire to assess symptoms and Diabetic Neuropathy Examination (DNE) scoring to assess clinical signs were used...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979873/paederus-dermatitis-a-case-series
#15
Sahana Srihari, Ashwini P Kombettu, Kanthraj G Rudrappa, Jayadev Betkerur
Vorderman (1901) was the first to record blisters caused by beetles in medical literature. Blister beetle dermatitis is a cutaneous condition caused by the toxins released by blister beetles. The vesicant chemical in the body fluids of these insects causes an acute irritant contact dermatitis characterized by erythematovesicular lesions associated with burning sensation on exposed parts of the body. The aim of this study was to investigate the morphological patterns of blister beetle dermatitis. We conducted a 1-year (January-December 2014) prospective study of the clinical presentation of Paederus dermatitis noticed in urban and semiurban areas close to paddy fields in the Cauvery Basin, Mysuru, Karnataka...
September 2017: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28979074/oral-health-status-and-treatment-needs-of-gunj-marketing-yard-laborers-of-raichur-city-karnataka
#16
B Vengal Rao, A M Suresh Babu, S K Kamalsha, M Sirisha Rao, K Karthik
BACKGROUND: Oral health is a vital part of general health and is a valuable asset of every individual. The working population in India usually belong to the lower socioeconomic group. AIM: This study was conducted to assess the oral health status and treatment needs of Gunj marketing yard laborers. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A descriptive study was conducted among 550 laborers of Gunj marketing yard of Raichur city. A specially designed questionnaire was used to assess the demographic variables and oral hygiene practices...
July 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969251/primary-cutaneous-amyloidosis-a-clinical-histopathological-and-immunofluorescence-study
#17
Krati Mehrotra, Rupali Dewan, Jagannath V Kumar, Abhinav Dewan
INTRODUCTION: Primary Localized Cutaneous Amyloidosis (PLCA) is a relatively rare chronic condition characterized by amyloid deposition in dermis without associated deposits in internal organs. Histopathology of cutaneous amyloidosis using Haematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) stain shows eosinophilic hyaline material in papillary dermis, which can be further confirmed by Congo Red (CR) staining or Direct Immunofluorescence (DIF) Test or immunohistochemistry. AIM: To assess the concordance between the clinical, histo pathological and DIF findings in various subtypes of (PLCA)...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969180/does-selection-and-management-of-patients-with-chronic-kidney-disease-in-government-run-and-private-hospitals-differ
#18
Anoop Gowda, Aswini Raghavendra Dutt, Shobith Bangera
INTRODUCTION: Globally, incidence of Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) is rapidly rising with huge burden on the life expectancy of the patients. Regular haemodialysis improves the quality of life in these patients. They get treatment at either government run or private sector hospitals. A difference in disease pattern, comorbidity, patient management and number of access failures can be observed in these set ups. AIM: The present study was carried out to find out selection, management and disease pattern of CKD patients admitted for dialysis in government run and private hospital...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969175/pattern-of-allergen-sensitivity-among-patients-with-bronchial-asthma-and-or-allergic-rhinosinusitis-in-a-tertiary-care-centre-of-southern-india
#19
Bharti Chogtu, Neha Magaji, Rahul Magazine, Preetam R Acharya
INTRODUCTION: The distribution of aeroallergens varies among various geographical areas of India and the knowledge of allergen sensitivity pattern in this part of Southern Indian (Karnataka) is limited. This data can provide clinically useful information and better understanding of common allergies prevalent in this area. AIM: To study the pattern of allergen sensitivity among patients with bronchial asthma and/or allergic rhinosinusitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, patients diagnosed with bronchial asthma and/or allergic rhinitis who underwent skin prick testing, were included in the study...
August 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28968543/correlates-of-school-dropout-and-absenteeism-among-adolescent-girls-from-marginalized-community-in-north-karnataka-south-india
#20
Ravi Prakash, Tara Beattie, Prakash Javalkar, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Raghavendra Thalinja, Srikanta Murthy, Calum Davey, James Blanchard, Charlotte Watts, Martine Collumbien, Stephen Moses, Lori Heise, Shajy Isac
Secondary education among lower caste adolescent girls living in rural Karnataka, South India, is characterized by high rates of school drop-out and absenteeism. A cross-sectional baseline survey (N=2275) was conducted in 2014 as part of a cluster-randomized control trial among adolescent girls (13-14 year) and their families from marginalized communities in two districts of north Karnataka. Bivariate and multivariate logistic regression models were used. Overall, 8.7% girls reported secondary school dropout and 8...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
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