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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29302544/morbidity-pattern-and-its-sociodemographic-determinants-among-elderly-population-of-raichur-district-karnataka-india
#1
Leyanna Susan George, Sanjay Deshpande, M K Krishna Kumar, Ramesh S Patil
Context: India is an "aging nation" with 7.7% of its population being above 60 years of age. It has resulted in a rise of both physical and mental health morbidities. Aims: This study aimed to gather information regarding the morbidity pattern and its sociodemographic determinants among the elderly residing in the rural villages of Raichur, to understand the need for geriatric health-care facilities. Settings and Design: This community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in six rural villages of Raichur District, of which 230 elderly were selected randomly...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286864/a-study-on-ocular-morbidity-among-patients-with-psoriasis-visiting-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-karnataka-southern-india
#2
Surabhi Abbagani, Yogish Subraya Kamath, Sudhir Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disorder with predominantly dermatological manifestations and varying prevalence in different parts of the world. Data on the ocular features of this disease are limited. Hence, we aimed to estimate the burden of ocular disease in psoriatic patients in the Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An interdisciplinary cross-sectional hospital-based observational study was conducted in South India, wherein an ophthalmological evaluation was performed for the patients with Psoriasis...
December 29, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29285474/an-assessment-of-teaching-and-learning-practices-a-questionnaire-study-for-dental-educators-of-karnataka
#3
S Meenakshi, N Raghunath, H S Shreeshyla
Aims and Objectives: Faculty members of dental institutions are being asked to assume new academic duties for which they have received no formal training. To succeed in new teaching tasks, faculty development through assessment of teaching skills is essential. Materials and Methods: A Self-Assessment Questionnaire consisting 18 closed-ended questions was sent to various faculty members of dental colleges of Karnataka. A total of 210 faculty members volunteered to participate in the study...
November 2017: Journal of International Society of Preventive & Community Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258505/malaria-prevalence-in-mangaluru-city-area-in-the-southwestern-coastal-region-of-india
#4
Kiran K Dayanand, Kishore Punnath, Valleesha Chandrashekar, Rajeshwara N Achur, Srinivas B Kakkilaya, Susanta K Ghosh, Suchetha Kumari, D Channe Gowda
BACKGROUND: Malaria is highly prevalent in many parts of India and the Indian subcontinent. Mangaluru, a city in the southwest coastal region of Karnataka state in India, and surrounding areas are malaria endemic with 10-12 annual parasite index. Despite high endemicity, to-date, very little has been reported on the epidemiology and burden of malaria in this area. METHODS: A cross-sectional surveillance of malaria cases was performed among 900 febrile symptomatic native people (long-time residents) and immigrant labourers (temporary residents) living in Mangaluru city area...
December 19, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245439/three-new-species-of-tube-dwelling-spider-genus-i-ariadna-i-audouin-1826%C3%A2-araneae-segestriidae-from-india
#5
Manju Siliwal, Archana Yadav, Dolly Kumar
The tube-dwelling spider family Segestriidae is represented in India by only two species, Ariadna nebulosa Simon, 1906 and Segestria inda Simon, 1906. Both species are known only from their type localities. For about 96 years, there has been no report of these spiders from the Indian subcontinent. Here, we describe three new species based on female specimens from India. Ariadna vansda sp. nov. from Gujarat; A. molur sp. nov., and A. chhotae sp. nov. from Karnataka.
December 5, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29239790/anti-inflammatory-profile-of-aegle-marmelos-l-correa-bilva-with-special-reference-to-young-roots-grown-in-different-parts-of-india
#6
Azad Rajaram, G R Vanaja, Preeti Vyakaranam, Aparna Rachamallu, Gorla V Reddy, Kotha Anilkumar, Kalle M Arunasree, Anurag Dhyani, Narapureddy Krishna Prasad, Sakshee Sharma, Mahesh Chandra Joshi, Gaya Prasad Kimothi, N B Brindavanam, Pallu Reddanna
BACKGROUND: Aegle marmelos (Bilva) is being used in Ayurveda for the treatment of several inflammatory disorders. The plant is a member of a fixed dose combination of Dashamoola in Ayurveda. However, the usage of roots/root bark or stems is associated with sustainability concerns. OBJECTIVES: The present study is aimed to compare the anti-inflammatory properties of different extracts of young roots (year wise) and mature parts of Bilva plants collected from different geographical locations in India, so as to identify a sustainable source for Ayurvedic formulation...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Ayurveda and Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238685/prevalence-of-goitre-in-raichur-district-karnataka-a-descriptive-study
#7
Vithal D Udagatti, Rajendran Dinesh Kumar
This prevalence study was exclusively for the goitre detection in individuals who has no prior awareness of thyroid disorder and also those patients giving history of signs and symptoms of such conditions. Subjects underwent investigations for (T3, T4, TSH and FNAC) to analyze status and type of Goitre. Of the first 30 cases, only 8 cases were investigated and later on personal  interest  for confirmation of goitre disorder prevalence additional 70 cases were assessed of which 51 cases were investigated...
December 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214405/spiritual-well-being-and-its-relationship-with-mindfulness-self-compassion-and-satisfaction-with-life-in-baccalaureate-nursing-students-a-correlation-study
#8
Monali D Mathad, S K Rajesh, Balaram Pradhan
The present study aimed to explore the correlates and predictors of spiritual well-being among nursing students. One hundred and forty-five BSc nursing students were recruited from three nursing colleges in Bangalore, Karnataka, India. Data were collected using SHALOM, FMI, SCS-SF and SWLS questionnaires and analysed by the Pearson correlation test and multiple regression analysis. The results of our study revealed a significant correlation between variables, and a considerable amount of variance was explained by self-compassion, mindfulness and satisfaction with life on personal, communal, environmental and transcendental domains of spiritual well-being...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29208789/general-dental-practitioners-as-potential-responders-to-disaster-scenario-in-a-highly-disaster-prone-area-an-explorative-study
#9
Gururaghavendran Rajesh, Almas Binnal, Mithun Bh Pai, Vijayendranath Nayak, Ramya Shenoy, Ashwini Rao
AIM: The aim of this study is to obtain insights pertaining to disaster management among Indian general dental practitioners (GDPs). MATERIALS AND METHODS: All GDPs in Mangaluru city, Karnataka, India, were included in the present study. Their willingness to participate in disaster management and their objective knowledge, attitude, behavior, and perceived effectiveness related to disaster management were assessed by a structured, pretested, self-administered questionnaire...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207753/a-study-of-correlation-of-neck-circumference-with-framingham-risk-score-as-a-predictor-of-coronary-artery-disease
#10
Anand K Koppad, Ram S Kaulgud, B S Arun
Introduction: It has been observed that metabolic syndrome is risk factor for Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) and exerts its effects through fat deposition and vascular aging. CAD has been acknowledged as a leading cause of death. In earlier studies, the metabolic risk has been estimated by Framingham risk score. Recent studies have shown that Neck Circumference (NC) has a good correlation with other traditional anthropometric measurements and can be used as marker of obesity. It also correlates with Framingham risk score, which is slightly more sophisticated measure of CAD risk...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207744/awareness-of-presbyopia-among-rural-female-population-in-north-karnataka
#11
Charushila V Gajapati, A V Pradeep, Anupama Kakhandaki, R K Praveenchandra, Sanjana Rao
Introduction: Presbyopia is an age related loss of lens accommodation resulting in inability to read and/write or to do near work. Though literacy level may be low in rural female population of South India, but household works like sewing, sorting grains and operating mobile phones must be difficult due to presbyopia. Aim: To determine the awareness of presbyopia in rural females; also, to determine the knowledge levels regarding presbyopia, spectacle coverage and reasons for not wearing spectacles...
September 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184315/is-there-an-association-between-the-duration-of-stay-in-the-medical-colleges-and-the-smoking-behavior-among-medical-students-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
J P Majra, K M Akshaya
Background: Health-care providers must be at the forefront of tobacco cessation to ensure a downward shift in tobacco use. Medical schools constitute an important site for education and cessation efforts. Health-care professionals play a substantial role in influencing patients' lifestyle choices including tobacco cessation. Objectives: To examine the association between the duration of stay in the medical colleges and the smoking behavior among the medical students in Karnataka, India...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175702/government-health-insurance-and-spatial-peer-effects-new-evidence-from-india
#13
Chirantan Chatterjee, Radhika Joshi, Neeraj Sood, P Boregowda
What is the role of spatial peers in diffusion of information about health care? We use the implementation of a health insurance program in Karnataka, India that provided free tertiary care to poor households to explore this issue. We use administrative data on location of patient, condition for which the patient was hospitalized and date of hospitalization (10,507 observations) from this program starting November 2009 to June 2011 for 19 months to analyze spatial and temporal clustering of tertiary care. We find that the use of healthcare today is associated with an increase in healthcare use in the same local area (group of villages) in future time periods and this association persists even after we control for (1) local area fixed effects to account for time invariant factors related to disease prevalence and (2) local area specific time fixed effects to control for differential trends in health and insurance related outreach activities...
November 16, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174348/addressing-prevention-among-hiv-uninfected-women-in-pmtct-programs-in-south-india
#14
Hod Tamir, Karl Krupp, Dionne P Stephens, Tirajeh Zohourian, Patricia Moise Dorcius, Anjali Arun, Celia B Fisher, Purnima Madhivanan
With nearly one million HIV-infected women in India, prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs serve an important role. While PMTCT programs focus on mothers living with HIV infection, offering them to uninfected pregnant women may prevent maternal HIV infections. To inform future efforts to offer PMTCT programs to uninfected women, we conducted focus groups with 24 uninfected women in the South Indian state of Karnataka who had given birth within the previous 2 years to explore their perceptions and experiences about HIV education and screening during pregnancy...
November 4, 2017: Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care: JANAC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168464/sustained-progress-but-no-room-for-complacency-results-of-2015-hiv-estimations-in-india
#15
Arvind Pandey, Neeraj Dhingra, Pradeep Kumar, Damodar Sahu, D C S Reddy, Padum Narayan, Yujwal Raj, Bhavna Sangal, Nalini Chandra, Saritha Nair, Jitenkumar Singh, Laxmikant Chavan, Deepika Joshi Srivastava, Ugra Mohan Jha, Vinita Verma, Shashi Kant, Madhulekha Bhattacharya, Pushpanjali Swain, Partha Haldar, Lucky Singh, Taoufik Bakkali, John Stover, Savina Ammassari
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES: Evidence-based planning has been the cornerstone of India's response to HIV/AIDS. Here we describe the process, method and tools used for generating the 2015 HIV estimates and provide a summary of the main results. METHODS: Spectrum software supported by the UNAIDS was used to produce HIV estimates for India as a whole and its States/Union Territories. This tool takes into consideration the size and HIV prevalence of defined population groups and programme data to estimate HIV prevalence, incidence and mortality over time as well as treatment needs...
July 2017: Indian Journal of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165120/high-prevalence-of-dental-fluorosis-among-adolescents-is-a-growing-concern-a-school-based-cross-sectional-study-from-southern-india
#16
Anand Verma, Bharatesh K Shetty, Vasudeva Guddattu, Mehul K Chourasia, Prachi Pundir
BACKGROUND: Fluorosis, caused by ingestion of excessive amount of fluoride through food or water, is a major public health problem in India. This study was undertaken to quantify the dental fluorosis burden among school going adolescents and to find factors associated with dental fluorosis in Kolar taluka, Karnataka, India. METHODS: A total of 1026 high school adolescents (12-17 years) were enrolled from different schools selected by stratified sampling method. Dental examination was done to record Dean's fluorosis index, and socio-demographic, food consumption and oral hygiene data were recorded using a pre-tested structured questionnaire...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159256/cirrhosis-of-liver-interference-of-serpins-in-quantification-of-serpina4-a-preliminary-study
#17
Krishna Sumanth Nallagangula, K N Shashidhar, V Lakshmaiah, C Muninarayana
Background: Cirrhosis of liver is a pathological condition, wherein functions of liver are impaired by chronic liver exploitations. Due to decrease in synthetic capacity, expressions of plasma proteins tend to decrease in blood stream. Serpins (Serine protease inhibitors) are class of plasma proteins expressed from liver with structural similarities and diverse functions. SERPINA4 (Kallistatin) is a multifunctional serpin clade A protein expressed from liver and concentration in serum is the reflection of extent of liver dysfunction...
December 2017: Practical Laboratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149211/occupational-exposure-to-unburnt-tobacco-and-potential-risk-of-toxic-optic-neuropathy-a-cross-sectional-study-among-beedi-rollers-in-selected-rural-areas-of-coastal-karnataka-india
#18
Soujanya Kaup, Ansaba Naseer, Siddharudha Shivalli, Cynthia Arunachalam
BACKGROUND: Beedi also known as poor man's cigarette is manufactured in almost all major states of India. Beedi workers are exposed to various health risks. There is an increased risk of systemic absorption of tobacco through skin and mucous membrane. The optic nerve is susceptible to damage from several toxic substances including tobacco. This group of disorders is known as toxic optic neuropathy (TON). The association of TON with occupational exposure to unburnt tobacco in beedi rollers has not been explored...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142744/-who-has-to-do-it-at-the-end-of-the-day-programme-officials-or-hospital-authorities-airborne-infection-control-at-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-dr-tb-centres-of-karnataka-india-a-mixed-methods-study
#19
Kibballi Madhukeshwar Akshaya, Hemant Deepak Shewade, Ottapura Prabhakaran Aslesh, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Abhay Subashrao Nirgude, Anil Singarajipura, Anil G Jacob
Background: Drug resistant tuberculosis (DR-TB) centers admit patients with DR-TB for initiation of treatment and thereby concentrate the patients under one setting. It becomes imperative to assess the compliance of DR-TB centres to national airborne infection control (AIC) guidelines and explore the provider perspectives into reasons for unsatisfactory compliance. Methods: This mixed methods study (triangulation design) was carried out across all the six DR-TB centers of Karnataka state, India, between November 2016 and April 2017...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29138654/syphilis-and-hiv-infections-among-pregnant-women-attending-antenatal-clinics-in-republic-of-congo
#20
Roch Fabien Niama, Nadia Claricelle Loukabou Bongolo, Edith Sophie Bayonne Kombo, Ruth Yengo, Pembe Issamou Mayengue, Etoka-Beka Mandingha Kosso, Igor Louzolo, Lucette Macosso, Ghislain Dzeret, Angélie Serge Patrick Dzabatou Babeaux, Marie-Francke Puruehnce, Henri Joseph Parra
Introduction: HIV and syphilis during pregnancy remain a public health concern especially in developing countries. Pregnant women attending antenatal clinics sites for the first time between September and December 2011 and who accepted to participate in the study were enrolled. The objective was to estimate the syphilis and HIV infection rate in this population. Methods: A study was conducted in 44 selected ANCs from 12 departments (5 urban and 7 rural). Pregnant women who accepted to participate in the study, attending selected sentinel ANCs sites for the first time between September and December 2011 were enrolled...
2017: Pan African Medical Journal
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