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Gouri Chaubal, Prasad Sarkale, Pravin Kore, Pragya Yadav
Background: Kyasanur Forest Disease (KFD), a tick borne flavivirus, which was earlier endemic to Karnataka state, India, has been confirmed and detected from neighboring states of Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Goa and Kerala states in India. Increased human and vector surveillance therefore becomes essential for the identification of KFD affected regions and control of further spread of the disease. Currently, available KFD detection assays include realtime RT-PCR and nested RT-PCR assays...
February 2018: Heliyon
M Netravathi, Nitish Kamble, P Satishchandra, M Gourie-Devi, Pramod Kumar Pal
The Department of Neurology, National Institute of Mental Health and Neurosciences (NIMHANS), Bengaluru, Karnataka has a long tradition of excellence in education, teaching, research, and patient care. Its exceptional alumni, as well as current and past faculty members, have made considerable contributions to the development of neurological services throughout the world. The six decades of its existence have seen a momentous growth in clinical, investigative, and community Neurology. As a result of the immense scientific individual as well as collaborative contributions of the faculty members in various departments, the Institute has had the honour of attaining the status of an autonomous 'Institute of National Importance' under the Ministry of Health, Government of India, through a novel concept of collaboration and partnership of central and state governments...
March 2018: Neurology India
Neeraj Sood, Zachary Wagner
Life-saving technology used to treat catastrophic illnesses such as heart disease and cancer is often out of reach for the poor. As life expectancy increases in poor countries and the burden from chronic illnesses continues to rise, so will the unmet need for expensive tertiary care. Understanding how best to increase access to and reduce the financial burden of expensive tertiary care is a crucial task for the global health community in the coming decades. In 2010, Karnataka, a state in India, rolled out the Vajpayee Arogyashree scheme (VAS), a social health insurance scheme focused on increasing access to tertiary care for households below the poverty line...
2018: BMJ Global Health
Ansuya, Baby S Nayak, B Unnikrishnan, Anice George, Shashidhara Y N, Suneel C Mundkur, Vasudev Guddattu
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of malnutrition among children in developing countries is very high. As a step towards reducing the prevalence of malnutrition, there is a need to identify the important determinants of malnutrition in the specific population so that preventive and control measures can be implemented. The objective of the study is to determine the risk factors for malnutrition among preschool children in Rural Karnataka, South India. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out among preschool children, aged between three to six years, attending the Anganwadi centers and their mothers' in Udupi district of Karnataka, India...
February 26, 2018: BMC Public Health
Suvarna Samudrala, Sukumar Dandakeri, Ramesh M Bhat
BACKGROUND: Although dermatology is largely considered as an outpatient specialty, dermatological conditions comprise 5-8% of cases presenting to the emergency department. The need for a dermatological intensive care unit is widely acknowledged due to the increasing incidence of acute skin failure. Very few studies have been done to characterize the common conditions seen in the emergency department and intensive care units. We undertook this study to analyze the spectrum of dermatological conditions presenting to the emergency department and the clinical profile of patients admitted to the intensive care unit...
February 26, 2018: International Journal of Dermatology
R S Niranjan, C Ningappa, T Yashaswini
Indoor radon, thoron and their progeny levels were measured in various types of dwellings during 2016-17 in Hemavathi river basin, Karnataka by using solid state nuclear track detector based pin-hole dosemeters; dwellings of various types were chosen for the measurement. The dosemeters containing the detector (LR-115, Type II Film) was used for this purpose. The concentration of indoor radon in the study area varied from 30.72 to 196.08 Bq m-3 with a median of 83.13 Bq m-3 and thoron concentration varied from 15...
February 15, 2018: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
Abhilasha Karunasagar, Santosh S Garag, Suma B Appannavar, Raghavendra D Kulkarni, Ashok S Naik
To study the microbiological profile in patients with chronic rhino-sinusitis. To correlate disease severity with the presence of biofilms and host risk factors. To assess outcome of Sinus Surgery 2 weeks post operatively in terms of presence of bacteria and their ability to form biofilm. Prospective study. 50 cases of chronic rhino-sinusitis requiring Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery admitted in SDM Hospital, Dharwad, Karnataka were studied using intra-operative mucosal samples for microbiological analysis...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
Vinayagamurthy Balamurugan, Anusha Alamuri, K Bharathkumar, Sharanagouda Siddanagouda Patil, Gurrappa Naidu Govindaraj, Mohandoss Nagalingam, Paramanandham Krishnamoorthy, Habibur Rahman, Bibek Ranjan Shome
In this study, the seroprevalence and distribution of Leptospira in dairy cattle in endemic states of India were investigated in association with reproductive problems of the cattle. A total of 373 cattle serum samples from 45 farms in Maharashtra, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Haryana, Chhattisgarh, Sikkim and Uttarakhand states were collected from animals with a history of reproductive disorders like abortion, repeat breeding, anoestrus and endometritis, and also from apparently healthy animals...
February 14, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Gopala, G P Rao
Phytoplasma suspected symptoms of phyllody, witches' broom, leaf yellowing, stunting and little leaf were observed in Chrysanthemum morifolium, Bougainvillea glabra, Jasminum sambac and Callistephus chinensis during survey of flower nurseries and experimental ornamental fields at Delhi, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka from 2014 to 2016. Pleomorphic bodies typical to phytoplasma structures were observed in the phloem sieve elements of ultrathin sections of all the four symptomatic ornamental plants (stem tissue) in transmission electron microscope...
February 2018: 3 Biotech
Kiran Chawla, Ajay Kumar, Vishnu Prasad Shenoy, Sanjiban Chakrabarty, Kapaettu Satyamoorthy
OBJECTIVES: The study was aimed to characterize mutations associated with fluoroquinolone resistance in drug resistant isolates of M. tuberculosis at a tertiary care centre in south coastal Karnataka. METHODS: Fifty drug resistant isolates were sub cultured on Lowenstein-Jensen media. Purified amplicons of gyrA and gyrB were sequenced using ABI Big Dye Terminator cycle sequencing kit. Extended sequencing PCR products were analysed using ABI 3130 Genetic Analyzer...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
Daisy John, Deepthi Narayan Shanbhag
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
A H Rudresha, Tamojit Chaudhuri, Kuntegowdanahalli C Lakshmaiah, Govind Babu, K N Lokesh, L K Rajeev
Background: Primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) is a rare form of aggressive extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma which occurs in both immunocompromised and immunocompetent patients. It has an overall poor prognosis in spite of a multimodality treatment approach including chemotherapy and radiotherapy. This study attempts to further delineate the clinicopathological, immunohistochemical, and radiological profile of PCNSL at Kidwai Memorial Institute of Oncology, Karnataka, India...
October 2017: South Asian Journal of Cancer
Chandrashekhar M Badakar, Prachi J Thakkar, Shivayogi M Hugar, Pratibha Kukreja, Harsha G Assudani, Niraj Gokhale
Aim: To determine and compare the relevance of Piaget's cognitive principles among 4- to 7-year-old parented and orphan children in Belagavi City, Karnataka, India. Materials and methods: This study was conducted on 240 children between the ages of 4 to 7 years who were equally divided into two groups of 120 parented and 120 orphan children. These were subdivided into four groups of 30 children each. Various characteristics like egocentrism, concept of cardinal numbers based on centration, lack of conservation, and reversibility were assessed, using experiments and comparison of their prevalence between two groups was carried out...
October 2017: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
Sridhar Rao, Navya Radhakrishnasetty, Harithaapriyadarshini Chadalavada, Chandrashekarayya Hiremath
External ophthalmomyiasis is an infestation of the eye with larvae of Dermatobia hominis or Oestrus ovis (sheep bot fly). We describe a case of ophthalmomyiasis in a 38-year-old male, who presented with ocular foreign body sensation, redness, pain, and watering of the eye. The causative larvae were removed and sent to the laboratory for identification. By studying morphological features, it was identified as the first instar larvae of O. ovis. The patient was put on topical and oral antibiotics but was lost to follow-up...
January 2018: Journal of Laboratory Physicians
Aruna Rose Mary Kapanee, K S Meena, Prasanthi Nattala, Narayana Manjunatha, Paulomi M Sudhir
Background: Depression is a significant public health concern in India, associated with a large treatment gap. Assessing perceptions of Accredited Social Health Activists (ASHAs) on depression can be invaluable as they are selected to work at the interface between their own communities and the health-care delivery system. Aims and Objectives: This study aimed at utilizing a qualitative approach to examine the ASHAs' understanding of depression, their mental health-care practices specific to depression, and their capacity-building needs with regard to identification and helping persons with depression...
January 2018: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Pratibha Dwarkanath, Anil Vasudevan, Tinku Thomas, Sonia S Anand, Dipika Desai, Milan Gupta, Gladys Menezes, Anura V Kurpad, Krishnamachari Srinivasan
OBJECTIVE: High frequency of low birth weight (LBW) is observed in rural compared with urban Indian women. Since maternal BMI is known to be associated with pregnancy outcomes, the present study aimed to investigate factors associated with BMI in early pregnancy of urban and rural South Indian women. DESIGN: Prospective observational cohort. SETTING: A hospital-based study conducted at an urban and a rural health centre in Karnataka State...
February 5, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Animesh Hazari, Arun G Maiya, Shivashankara K N
BACKGROUND: A kinetic change in thefoot like altered plantar pressure is the most common etiological risk factor for causing foot ulcers among people with diabetes mellitus. Kinematic alterations in joint angle and spatiotemporal parameters of the gait have also been frequently observed in participants with diabetes peripheral neuropathy. Diabetes peripheral neuropathy is the most common long-term standing complication of type 2 diabetes mellitus. It leads to various micro and macrovascular related complication of the foot...
February 1, 2018: Journal of the American Podiatric Medical Association
Shrikanth Muralidharan, Arun Kumar Acharya, Shanthi Margabandhu, Sufiyan Kalekhan, Sameer Ahsan, Dinraj Kulkarni
INTRODUCTION: In countries where human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is widespread and highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) medications are too expensive, or patients are failing HAART, oral disease management and risk remain an important issue. AIM: The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of oral mucosal lesions and periodontitis among the HIV-positive adult patients and assess the association of these lesions with age, sex, duration of HIV, time on ART, dietary habits, and oral hygiene habits...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Leyanna Susan George, Sanjay Deshpande, M K Krishna Kumar, Ramesh S Patil
Context: India is an "aging nation" with 7.7% of its population being above 60 years of age. It has resulted in a rise of both physical and mental health morbidities. Aims: This study aimed to gather information regarding the morbidity pattern and its sociodemographic determinants among the elderly residing in the rural villages of Raichur, to understand the need for geriatric health-care facilities. Settings and Design: This community-based cross-sectional study was carried out in six rural villages of Raichur District, of which 230 elderly were selected randomly...
April 2017: Journal of Family Medicine and Primary Care
Surabhi Abbagani, Yogish Subraya Kamath, Sudhir Nayak
INTRODUCTION: Psoriasis is a chronic immune-mediated disorder with predominantly dermatological manifestations and varying prevalence in different parts of the world. Data on the ocular features of this disease are limited. Hence, we aimed to estimate the burden of ocular disease in psoriatic patients in the Indian population. MATERIALS AND METHODS: An interdisciplinary cross-sectional hospital-based observational study was conducted in South India, wherein an ophthalmological evaluation was performed for the patients with Psoriasis...
December 29, 2017: Ocular Immunology and Inflammation
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