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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627428/occupational-exposure-of-cashew-nut-workers-to-kyasanur-forest-disease-in-goa-india
#1
D Y Patil, P D Yadav, A M Shete, J Nuchina, R Meti, D Bhattad, S Someshwar, D T Mourya
A series of suspected cases of Kyasanur Forest disease (KFD) in subjects returning to Belgaum in Karnataka State from Goa, India, is reported herein. KFD was confirmed in 13 out of 76 cases, either by real time RT-PCR or IgM ELISA. No case fatality was recorded. KFD virus positivity was also recorded among humans and monkeys from Sattari taluk in Goa during the same period. The envelope gene sequence of positive human samples from Belgaum showed highest identity of 99.98% to 99.99% with sequences of KFD virus isolated from human cases and monkeys from Goa...
June 13, 2017: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615841/cobboldia-elephantis-cobbold-1866-larval-infestation-in-an-indian-elephant-elephas-maximus
#2
Ananda K Javare Gowda, N K Dharanesha, P Giridhar, S M Byre Gowda
In the present study, post-mortem was conducted on a female elephant aged about 37 years died at Rajeev Gandhi National Park, Hunsur, Mathigoodu Elephant Camp, Karnataka state. The animal suffered with diarrhoea, anorexia, dehydration and was unable to walk for about one week before death and was treated with antibiotics and fluid therapy for three days. The post-mortem examination revealed that, the gastric mucosa was severely congested, hyperaemic and numerous stomach bots attached to the mucosa. The bots were recovered from the gastric mucosa and processed for species identification...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614763/evaluating-the-effect-of-remote-sensing-image-spatial-resolution-on-soil-exchangeable-potassium-prediction-models-in-smallholder-farm-settings
#3
Yiming Xu, Scot E Smith, Sabine Grunwald, Amr Abd-Elrahman, Suhas P Wani
Major end users of Digital Soil Mapping (DSM) such as policy makers and agricultural extension workers are faced with choosing the appropriate remote sensing data. The objective of this research is to analyze the spatial resolution effects of different remote sensing images on soil prediction models in two smallholder farms in Southern India called Kothapally (Telangana State), and Masuti (Karnataka State), and provide empirical guidelines to choose the appropriate remote sensing images in DSM. Bayesian kriging (BK) was utilized to characterize the spatial pattern of exchangeable potassium (Kex) in the topsoil (0-15 cm) at different spatial resolutions by incorporating spectral indices from Landsat 8 (30 m), RapidEye (5 m), and WorldView-2/GeoEye-1/Pleiades-1A images (2 m)...
June 11, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611324/comparative-evaluation-of-mangifera-indica-leaf-mouthwash-with-chlorhexidine-on-plaque-accumulation-gingival-inflammation-and-salivary-streptococcal-growth
#4
Sham S Bhat, K Sundeep Hegde, Chinchu Mathew, S Vidya Bhat, M Shyamjith
AIMS: This study aims to compare the efficacy of a mango (Mangifera indica) leaf mouthwash with chlorhexidine on plaque status, gingival status, and salivary Streptococcus mutans count. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sample of twenty children, aged 8-14 years, Mangalore Residential School, Karnataka, India, was allocated into two groups. Group A (10) and Group B (10) were given test mouthwash "mango leaf mouthwash" and chlorhexidine, respectively. The clinical trial was carried out for ½ h after rinsing and after 5 days, during which children were asked to rinse once daily, with 10 ml of the given mouthwash ½ h after tooth brushing...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28611320/prevalence-of-low-back-pain-and-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-among-dental-practitioners-in-dakshina-kannada-and-coorg-district
#5
D Anupama Prasad, Drithi Appachu, Vinayak Kamath, D Krishna Prasad
CONTEXT: Dental practitioners who usually have to work for long durations in a particular fixed posture are more prone to musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs), particularly those involving the hand and wrist and also of the lower back. AIMS: To study the prevalence of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and low back pain (LBP) among dental practitioners and to correlate the symptoms with the duration of practice. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A closed-end questionnaire was distributed to 100 dental practitioners from Dakshina Kannada and Coorg districts of Karnataka, India...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Dental Research: Official Publication of Indian Society for Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609918/a-review-of-the-coelidiine-leafhopper-genus-i-mahellus-i-hemiptera-cicadellidae-coelidiinae-with-description-of-two-new-species-from-the-oriental-region
#6
C A Viraktamath, Naresh M Meshram
Two new species of the genus Mahellus Nielson, M. cardoni sp. nov. (Indonesia: Sulawesi) and M. ungulatus sp. nov. (India: Kerala, Karnataka, Tamil Nadu) are described and illustrated. M. distanti Nielson is also illustrated with several new locality records. A key for the four known species of the genus is also given.
April 28, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605927/the-position-of-the-mental-foramen-in-the-north-and-south-indian-populations
#7
Naveen Srinivas, Praveenkumar Ramdurg, Surekha R Puranik, Ketki Sali, Pramod Ingaleshwar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to determine and compare the position of the mental foramen MF in the north and south Indian populations using Panoramic radiographs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 100 Panoramic radiographs were selected from the archives of PMNM Dental College and the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, of which 50 radiographs belonged to a north Indian population and 50 radiographs belonged to a local population of Bagalkot Karnataka...
May 2017: Acta Medica Academica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601585/prevalence-of-diabetes-and-prediabetes-in-15-states-of-india-results-from-the-icmr-indiab-population-based-cross-sectional-study
#8
Ranjit Mohan Anjana, Mohan Deepa, Rajendra Pradeepa, Jagadish Mahanta, Kanwar Narain, Hiranya Kumar Das, Prabha Adhikari, Paturi Vishnupriya Rao, Banshi Saboo, Ajay Kumar, Anil Bhansali, Mary John, Rosang Luaia, Taranga Reang, Somorjit Ningombam, Lobsang Jampa, Richard O Budnah, Nirmal Elangovan, Radhakrishnan Subashini, Ulagamathesan Venkatesan, Ranjit Unnikrishnan, Ashok Kumar Das, Sri Venkata Madhu, Mohammed K Ali, Arvind Pandey, Rupinder Singh Dhaliwal, Tanvir Kaur, Soumya Swaminathan, Viswanathan Mohan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have not adequately captured the heterogeneous nature of the diabetes epidemic in India. The aim of the ongoing national Indian Council of Medical Research-INdia DIABetes study is to estimate the national prevalence of diabetes and prediabetes in India by estimating the prevalence by state. METHODS: We used a stratified multistage design to obtain a community-based sample of 57 117 individuals aged 20 years or older. The sample population represented 14 of India's 28 states (eight from the mainland and six from the northeast of the country) and one union territory...
June 7, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584439/intentional-self-harm-human-poisoning-with-agricultural-micronutrient-foliar-spray-from-rural-india-of-southern-karnataka
#9
Srujitha Marupuru, Girish Thunga, Muralidhar Varma, Sudha Vidyasagar, Pranav Chandak, Sai Mounika Cherukuri
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2017: Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573995/impact-of-expansion-of-telemedicine-screening-for-retinopathy-of-prematurity-in-india
#10
Anand Vinekar, Shwetha Mangalesh, Chaitra Jayadev, Clare Gilbert, Mangat Dogra, Bhujang Shetty
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to estimate the unknown burden of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) blindness from nine states of India using demographic, incidence and treatment data from an ongoing statewide ROP program in Karnataka called the Karnataka Internet Assisted Diagnosis of ROP (KIDROP) and to calculate the fiscal quantum of preventable blindness in these states. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The KIDROP model is an ongoing tele-ROP service providing screening and treatment for ROP in Karnataka since 2008...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571256/keeping-up-with-dental-literature-a-study-on-continuing-professional-development-among-dental-practitioners-in-hubli-dharwad-india
#11
Prajna Pramod Nayak, Nandita Subba Rao, Anzil K S Ali, Mathews Jude Thadeethra
INTRODUCTION: Continuing Professional Development (CPD) refers to skills and knowledge attained for both personal development and career advancement. In India, very few studies have been documented to discover the patterns of information update by dental practitioners. AIM: To discover the educational tools that dentists of Hubli - Dharwad, Karnataka, India, prefer for updating their knowledge on new therapeutic methods and to assess the perceived usefulness of these CPD activities...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571172/disparities-in-oral-health-behaviour-among-young-adults-in-mangalore-india-a-psychosocial-perspective
#12
G Rajesh, Simi Seemanthini, Dilip Naik, Keshava Pai, Ashwini Rao
INTRODUCTION: Oral health inequalities imply unequal distribution of health and disease across socioeconomic gradients. Oral health related behaviour and its psychosocial antecedents can have a major impact on oral disease pathways in communities. AIM: To ascertain disparities in oral health behaviour and its psychosocial antecedents among young adults in Mangalore, Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Present study was carried out among 341 degree students at three randomly chosen institutions belonging to government, aided and private colleges in Mangalore...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571125/preinguinal-splitting-and-reunion-of-femoral-nerve-entrapping-the-fleshy-fibres-of-iliacus-muscle-a-case-report
#13
L S Ashwini, S Nagabhooshana Somayaji, Mohandas Rao, Sapna Marpalli
Division of nerves close to their origin and muscular entrapments by nerves in the limbs is not very common. Femoral nerve is the largest branch of the lumbar plexus and arises from dorsal divisions of ventral rami of L2 to L4 spinal nerves. During routine cadaveric dissection for first year medical students at Melaka Manipal Medical College (Manipal Campus), Karnataka, India, we observed a variation in the division and course of left femoral nerve in about 65-year-old male cadaver. The femoral nerve was split into two divisions above the inguinal ligament after its origin from the lumbar plexus...
April 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553022/from-policy-to-practice-lessons-from-karnataka-about-implementation-of-tobacco-control-laws
#14
Pragati B Hebbar, Upendra Bhojani, John Kennedy, Vishal Rao
BACKGROUND: Tobacco use accounts for eight to nine lakh adult deaths annually in India. India enacted a national legislation "Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act, 2003" (COTPA) to protect health of non-smokers and reduce tobacco consumption. However, even a decade after enacting this law, its implementation remains suboptimal and variable across the Indian states. Karnataka has shown leadership on this front by enacting a state law and implementing COTPA at (sub-) district levels...
April 2017: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547956/pap-smears-in-endometrial-adenocarcinoma-does-it-have-a-role
#15
Asma Nadaf, Hephzibah Rani, Parinitha S S, Ravikala Rao, Dinesh Shastri
Background: Historically the conventional Pap smear has been an effective screening tool for Carcinoma cervix. However the reporting of benign and malignant endometrial cells on Pap smear has remained controversial. There are very few studies addressing the utility of Pap smears in diagnosing endometrial carcinomas. Objective: To rescreen the Pap smears of patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma for the detection of normal/ atypical endometrial cells and to correlate with clinico-pathological parameters. Methods: The present study was carried out at SDM College of Medical Sciences, Dharwad, Karnataka, India for a period of 7 years...
April 1, 2017: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534309/environmental-monitoring-and-assessment-of-antibacterial-metabolite-producing-actinobacteria-screened-from-marine-sediments-in-south-coastal-regions-of-karnataka-india
#16
Sinosh Skariyachan, Shruthi Garka, Sushmitha Puttaswamy, Shobitha Shanbhogue, Raksha Devaraju, Rajeswari Narayanappa
Assessment of the therapeutic potential of secondary metabolite producing microorganisms from the marine coastal areas imparts scope and application in the field of environmental monitoring. The present study aims to screen metabolites with antibacterial potential from actionbacteria associated with marine sediments collected from south coastal regions of Karnataka, India. The actinobacteria were isolated and characterized from marine sediments by standard protocol. The metabolites were extracted, and antibacterial potential was analyzed against eight hospital associated bacteria...
June 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515548/culturally-relevant-family-therapy-practice-with-parents-of-children-and-adolescents
#17
Tania Roy, A Thirumoorthy, R Parthasarathy
BACKGROUND: India is diverse in culture, with multiple aspects that may not match with the Western societal picture. Hence, it has often been seen that therapists encounter unique aspects of therapy that is faced during actual practice, which is never written in any textbook or research papers. Substantial information is present through both outcome (efficacy and effectiveness) studies and process research, but it has very little impact of actual Marital and Family Therapy (MFT) practice...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511464/a-study-to-assess-the-functional-outcome-of-decompression-and-posterior-lumbar-interbody-fusion-of-low-grade-spondylolisthesis-of-lumbar-vertebra
#18
Deepak Hegde, Sameer Mehra, Santhosh Babu, Arjun Ballal
INTRODUCTION: Spondylolisthesis is defined as the forward displacement of one vertebra over the vertebra below. It is often accompanied by spinal canal stenosis and compression, which is the cause of all the symptoms. AIM: To assess and study the functional outcome after decompression and Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF) of isthmic spondylolisthesis of lower lumbar vertebra and to study the complications occurring with this technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study was conducted in the Department of Orthopaedics in Justice KS Hegde Charitable Hospital, Mangalore, Karnataka, India from March 2015 to August 2016...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492196/comparative-evaluation-of-effect-of-use-of-toothbrush-with-paste-and-munident-on-levels-of-streptococcus-mutans-and-gingival-health-in-children-an-in-vivo-study
#19
Rashmi N Shetty, Sowmya B Shetty, Sruthi Janardhanan, Shamila Shetty, Sharan Shetty, Kiran Raj
AIM: Dental caries is a multifactorial disease which has a deleterious effect on the oral cavity. Improper oral hygiene habits are a cause for the same. The aim of this study was to compare the antibacterial efficacy of Munident, an Ayurvedic (herbal) dentifrice with commercially available toothpaste. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of forty subjects between the age group 9 and 12 years, resident of Bala Yeshu Nilaya Bhavan, Mangalore, Karnataka, India, were chosen for our study...
April 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28490355/regional-inequity-in-complete-antenatal-services-and-public-emergency-obstetric-care-is-associated-with-greater-burden-of-maternal-deaths-analysis-from-consecutive-district-level-facility-survey-of-karnataka-india
#20
M Himanshu, Carina Källestål
BACKGROUND: This equity focused evaluation analyses change in inter-district inequity of maternal health services (MHS) in Karnataka state between 2006-07 & 2012-13, alongside association of MHS inequity with distribution of maternal deaths. METHODS: Repeated cross-sectional analysis of inequity and decomposition was done on nine district level MHS indicators using Theil's T index. Data was obtained from population linked district level facility surveys and health information systems...
May 11, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
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