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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314746/protocol-for-a-cluster-randomised-stepped-wedge-trial-assessing-the-impact-of-a-community-level-hygiene-intervention-and-a-water-intervention-using-riverbank-filtration-technology-on-diarrhoeal-prevalence-in-india
#1
Sarah L McGuinness, Joanne E O'Toole, Thomas B Boving, Andrew B Forbes, Martha Sinclair, Sumit K Gautam, Karin Leder
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoea is a leading cause of death globally, mostly occurring as a result of insufficient or unsafe water supplies, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. Our study aims to investigate the impact of a community-level hygiene education program and a water quality intervention using riverbank filtration (RBF) technology on diarrhoeal prevalence. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We have designed a stepped wedge cluster randomised trial to estimate the health impacts of our intervention in 4 rural villages in Karnataka, India...
March 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298816/effect-of-gallium-arsenic-laser-on-photosensitized-periodontopathic-anaerobic-organisms-an-in-vitro-study
#2
Setu Mathur, Shaila Veerappa Kothiwale, Buddhi Prakash Nag, Tanu Mathur, Ashoka Bhansali, Rohit Kumar Khatri
BACKGROUND: The mainstay of periodontal therapy is mechanical removal of subgingival plaque. There is considerable interest in supplementing it with the use of antibiotics and antiseptics. Many drawbacks are associated with these adjunctive pharmacological regimens such as development of resistance to antibiotics and disruption of microflora of the gastrointestinal tract. Hence, alternate means of killing subgingival bacteria are clearly desirable. One such method is the use of laser...
July 2016: Journal of Indian Society of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283137/molecular-evaluation-of-high-fluoroquinolone-resistant-genes-in-endemic-cases-of-shigellosis-northeast-part-of-karnataka-india
#3
Prabhurajeshwar C, Pramod Desai, Kelmani Chandrakanth R
OBJECTIVES: Shigellosis is an acute infection of the intestine caused by bacteria in the genus Shigella and also an important cause of diarrhea in developing countries. This study was carried out to find the extent and nature of the emerging resistance in north part of Karnataka, India, and surrounding region with huge population, and also focused on the molecular mechanism of development of resistance against different generations of fluoroquinolones and explored the diversity of restriction endonucleases; we also tried to establish the significance of reduced minimal inhibitory concentrations (MIC) values...
September 2016: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250688/profile-of-cervical-cancer-patients-attending-tertiary-care-hospitals-of-mangalore-karnataka-a-4-year-retrospective-study
#4
Aadhya Sharma, Vaman Kulkarni, Unnikrishnan Bhaskaran, Meher Singha, Saad Mujtahedi, Anshul Chatrath, Mallika Sridhar, Rekha Thapar, P Prasanna Mithra, Nithin Kumar, Ramesh Holla, B B Darshan, Avinash Kumar
OBJECTIVES: To describe the sociodemographic characteristics and clinical profile of women presenting with cervical carcinoma and to identify factors associated with the timing of presentation and prognosis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A record-based descriptive study was carried out from 1(st) February to 31(st) March 2014 at Tertiary Care Hospitals of Mangalore. The study population included women who were diagnosed with cervical carcinoma from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2013...
January 2017: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28250682/evaluation-of-bone-mineral-density-among-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-patients-in-south-karnataka
#5
Athulya G Asokan, Jayakumar Jaganathan, Rajeev Philip, Rino Roopak Soman, Shibu Thomas Sebastian, Fawaz Pullishery
BACKGROUND: Diabetes is one of the world's biggest health problems and the disease affects almost all organ systems. The relationship between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and bone mineral density (BMD) has been controversial. Early identification of reduction in bone mass in a diabetic patient may be helpful in preventing the bone loss and future fracture risks. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to study the effect of T2DM on BMD among patients in South Karnataka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 150 patients between 40 and 70 years of age which included 75 diabetic and 75 nondiabetic subjects...
January 2017: Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244476/incidence-of-prostate-cancer-at-a-single-tertiary-care-center-in-north-karnataka
#6
S C Ghagane, R B Nerli, M B Hiremath, A T Wagh, P V Magdum
CONTEXT: Prostate cancer (PC) remains one of the most common cancers affecting men today. Thus, understanding the prevalence, disease characteristics, and changing demographics of Indian PC patients has emerged as an important aspect of study. AIMS: We aimed to present the case series of PC patients from single tertiary care center in North Karnataka. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study designed over a period of 8 years from 2007 to 2015 was conducted in the Department of Urology, KLES Dr...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218158/influence-of-integrated-community-and-facility-based-interventions-on-select-maternal-and-neonatal-outcomes-in-northern-karnataka-india-lessons-for-implementation-and-measurement
#7
Rajaram Subramanian Potty, Mohan Harnahalli Lakkappa, Arin Kar, Mallika Bidappa, Ramesh Banadakoppa Manjappa, Krishnamurthy Jayanna
BACKGROUND: Sukshema project provided technical assistance to National Health Mission of government of Karnataka to improve maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) outcomes in eight districts of Karnataka between 2009 and 2015. The project designed tools, processes and provided mentoring to frontline workers, community structures, and facilities to improve demand generation and quality of MNCH services. OBJECTIVES: To assess over time changes in selected MNCH care indicators among women who had delivered in the past 2 months in Bagalkot and Koppal districts...
January 2017: Indian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209007/cognitive-ability-as-a-determinant-of-socioeconomic-and-oral-health-status-among-adolescent-college-students-of-bengaluru-india
#8
Rekha Rao Karnam, Naganandini Samapth Kumar, Shruthi Eshwar, Shravani Deolia
INTRODUCTION: Levels of oral health and economic status are unequally distributed throughout the population. Inequality has multiple causes and that the effect of Socio Economic Status (SES) and demographic factors, on oral health is mediated through several factors. Association between cognitive ability and oral health had been demonstrated in older age groups but adolescents and younger adults have received relatively little attention in this field. AIM: To establish the role of cognitive ability as a determinant of SES and oral health status among adolescent college students of Benagluru, Karnataka, India...
December 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194081/excessive-sleepiness-sleep-hygiene-and-coping-strategies-among-night-bus-drivers-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Uma Maheswari Krishnaswamy, Mamta S Chhabria, Aditi Rao
BACKGROUND: Sleep disruption and excessive sleepiness are the known consequences of shift work. The recent spate of night-time road and air accidents, with some being directly attributed to driver sleepiness prompted us to undertake this study. AIMS: To screen for excessive sleepiness, coping practices, and post-shift sleep hygiene in night bus drivers. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: This prospective study was carried out on night bus drivers of a public transport organization in Bengaluru, Karnataka, India...
May 2016: Indian Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28187629/review-of-the-genus-i-lanchnophorus-i-hemiptera-heteroptera-rhyparochromidae-with-description-of-three-new-species-and-other-nomenclatural-changes
#10
Petr Kment, Attilio Carapezza, Zdeněk Jindra, Előd Kondorosy
The generic name Lanchnophorus Reuter, 1887, deemed for a long time to be unavailable as incorrect original spelling of Lachnophorus (in fact Lachnophorus Distant, 1903 is an unjustified emendation of the former), is restored as a valid name of the genus. Lachnesthus Bergroth, 1915, syn. nov. (new name for the preoccupied Lachnophorus Distant, 1903) is considered junior synonym of Lanchnophorus. The following nomenclatural changes are proposed: Lanchnophorus flavus (Scudder, 1971) comb. nov. = Lachnesthus chinai Scudder, nomen nudum; Lanchnophorus guttulatus Reuter, 1887, comb...
January 25, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163117/promising-anticancer-activities-of-j-simplex-in-cellular-and-animal-models
#11
Litty Joseph, Jessil Mathew Aranjani, Sreedhara Ranganath Pai, K K Srinivasan
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Justicia simplex D. Don belonging to the family of Acanthaceae has been traditionally used for treatment of rheumatism, inflammation, bronchitis. The plant is traditionally considered as anti-cancer medicine and used by healers of Karnataka to treat various types of cancers (Corrêa and Alcântara, 2012). AIM OF THE STUDY: The present study is aimed at elucidating the cytotoxic activity of various extracts of Justicia simplex D. Don, isolation of active constituents and assessing the role in growth inhibition and angiogenesis both in vitro and in vivo...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144801/a-brief-and-critical-review-on-hydrofluorosis-in-diverse-species-of-domestic-animals-in-india
#12
REVIEW
Shanti Lal Choubisa
India is one of the fluoride-endemic countries where the maximum numbers of ground or drinking water sources are naturally fluoridated. In India, a total of 23, out of 36 states and union territories have drinking water contaminated with fluoride in varying concentration. In the present scenario, especially in rural India, besides the surface waters (perennial ponds, dams, rivers, etc.), bore wells and hand pumps are the principal drinking water sources for domestic animals such as cattle (Bos taurus), water buffaloes (Bubalus bubalis), sheep (Ovis aries), goats (Capra hircus), horses (Equus caballus), donkeys (Equus asinus) and dromedary camels (Camelus dromedarius)...
January 31, 2017: Environmental Geochemistry and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28144059/epidemiological-profile-of-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-patients-a-tertiary-care-experience
#13
Rahul Magazine, Shobitha Rao, Bharti Chogtu, Ramkumar Venkateswaran, Hameed Aboobackar Shahul, Umesh Goneppanavar
BACKGROUND: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is seen in critically ill patients. Its etiological spectrum in India is expected to be different from that seen in western countries due to the high prevalence of tropical infections. AIM: To study the epidemiological profile of ARDS patients. SETTING: A tertiary care hospital in Karnataka, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Retrospective analysis of 150 out of the 169 ARDS patients diagnosed during 2010-2012...
January 2017: Lung India: Official Organ of Indian Chest Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137677/analysing-malaria-incidence-at-the-small-area-level-for-developing-a-spatial-decision-support-system-a-case-study-in-kalaburagi-karnataka-india
#14
S Shekhar, E-H Yoo, S A Ahmed, R Haining, S Kadannolly
Spatial decision support systems have already proved their value in helping to reduce infectious diseases but to be effective they need to be designed to reflect local circumstances and local data availability. We report the first stage of a project to develop a spatial decision support system for infectious diseases for Karnataka State in India. The focus of this paper is on malaria incidence and we draw on small area data on new cases of malaria analysed in two-monthly time intervals over the period February 2012 to January 2016 for Kalaburagi taluk, a small area in Karnataka...
February 2017: Spatial and Spatio-temporal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127168/effectiveness-of-mouthrinse-formulated-from-aqueous-extract-of-terminalia-chebula-on-salivary-streptococcus-mutans-count-and-ph-among-8-to-12-year-old-school-children-of-karnataka-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#15
Madhuchanda Palit, Sundeep K Hegde, Sham S Bhat
AIM: The aim of the present study was to evaluate the anticar-iogenic efficacy of hot and cold aqueous extracts of Terminalia chebula against Streptococcus mutans as an oral rinse and also to discover the acceptability of the mouthwash in children. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: Sixty children between 8 and 12 years with high caries risk were selected. MATERIALS AND METHODS: 10% concentration of hot and cold aqueous extracts were prepared. Children were randomly divided into extract and control group...
October 2016: International Journal of Clinical Pediatric Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123268/odontometric-analysis-of-permanent-maxillary-first-molar-in-gender-determination
#16
Ayesha Shireen, Syeda Arshiya Ara
AIMS: This study was conducted to assess the sex determination potential from mesiodistal (MD) and buccolingual (BL) dimensions of permanent maxillary first molar. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Al-Badar Rural Dental College and Hospital, Gulbarga, Karnataka, on 600 subjects (300 male and 300 female), aged 17-25 years. The subjects were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria set forth for the study...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107350/maternal-and-newborn-health-in-karnataka-state-india-the-community-level-interventions-for-pre-eclampsia-clip-trial-s-baseline-study-results
#17
Mrutynjaya B Bellad, Marianne Vidler, Narayan V Honnungar, Ashalata Mallapur, Umesh Ramadurg, Umesh Charanthimath, Geetanjali Katageri, Shashidhar Bannale, Avinash Kavi, Chandrashekhar Karadiguddi, Sumedha Sharma, Tang Lee, Jing Li, Beth Payne, Laura Magee, Peter von Dadelszen, Richard Derman, Shivaprasad S Goudar
Existing vital health statistics registries in India have been unable to provide reliable estimates of maternal and newborn mortality and morbidity, and region-specific health estimates are essential to the planning and monitoring of health interventions. This study was designed to assess baseline rates as the precursor to a community-based cluster randomized control trial (cRCT)-Community Level Interventions for Pre-eclampsia (CLIP) Trial (NCT01911494; CTRI/2014/01/004352). The objective was to describe baseline demographics and health outcomes prior to initiation of the CLIP trial and to improve knowledge of population-level health, in particular of maternal and neonatal outcomes related to hypertensive disorders of pregnancy, in northern districts the state of Karnataka, India...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102112/dutiful-daughters-hiv-aids-moral-pragmatics-female-citizenship-and-structural-violence-among-devadasis-in-northern-karnataka-india
#18
Shamshad Khan, Robert Lorway, Claudyne Chevrier, Sumit Dutta, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Anu Roy, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sharmistha Mishra, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Marissa Becker
Decades of research have documented how sex workers worldwide, particularly female sex workers (FSWs), shoulder a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic. In India, although a substantial progress has been made in controlling the epidemic, its prevalence among FSWs and the Devadasis (also called traditional sex workers) in northern Karnataka is still significantly high. On the other hand, much of the HIV prevention research has focused on their mapping and size estimation, typologies, bio-behavioural surveillance, condom use and other prevention technologies...
January 19, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095658/therapeutic-assessment-of-primaquine-for-radical-cure-of-plasmodium-vivax-malaria-at-primary-and-tertiary-care-centres-in-southwestern-india
#19
Rishikesh Kumar, Vasudeva Guddattu, Kavitha Saravu
Acquaintance is scanty on primaquine (PQ) efficacy and Plasmodium vivax recurrence in Udupi district, Karnataka, India. We assessed the efficacy of 14 days PQ regimen (0.25 mg/kg/day) to prevent P. vivax recurrence. Microscopically, aparasitemic adults (≥18 years) after acute vivax malaria on day 28 were re-enrolled into 15 months' long follow-up study. A peripheral blood smear examination was performed with participants at every 1-2 month interval. A nested PCR test was performed to confirm the mono-infection with P...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089167/diabetic-self-care-practices-in-rural-mysuru-southern-karnataka-india-a-need-for-diabetes-self-management-educational-dsme-program
#20
K M Srinath, Madhu Basavegowda, Nandarula Sai Tharuni
CONTEXT: Diabetes and its complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Self care has emerged as a crucial element in the management of diabetes and a key factor associated with the quality of diabetic care. AIMS: The purpose of the study was to assess the self care activities of patients with Type II diabetes mellitus in a rural area of Mysuru district. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A community based cross sectional descriptive study was carried out among 400 diabetic patients in rural Mysore...
December 15, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
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