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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102112/dutiful-daughters-hiv-aids-moral-pragmatics-female-citizenship-and-structural-violence-among-devadasis-in-northern-karnataka-india
#1
Shamshad Khan, Robert Lorway, Claudyne Chevrier, Sumit Dutta, Satyanarayana Ramanaik, Anu Roy, Parinita Bhattacharjee, Sharmistha Mishra, Stephen Moses, James Blanchard, Marissa Becker
Decades of research have documented how sex workers worldwide, particularly female sex workers (FSWs), shoulder a disproportionate burden of the HIV epidemic. In India, although a substantial progress has been made in controlling the epidemic, its prevalence among FSWs and the Devadasis (also called traditional sex workers) in northern Karnataka is still significantly high. On the other hand, much of the HIV prevention research has focused on their mapping and size estimation, typologies, bio-behavioural surveillance, condom use and other prevention technologies...
January 19, 2017: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095658/therapeutic-assessment-of-primaquine-for-radical-cure-of-plasmodium-vivax-malaria-at-primary-and-tertiary-care-centres-in-southwestern-india
#2
Rishikesh Kumar, Vasudeva Guddattu, Kavitha Saravu
Acquaintance is scanty on primaquine (PQ) efficacy and Plasmodium vivax recurrence in Udupi district, Karnataka, India. We assessed the efficacy of 14 days PQ regimen (0.25 mg/kg/day) to prevent P. vivax recurrence. Microscopically, aparasitemic adults (≥18 years) after acute vivax malaria on day 28 were re-enrolled into 15 months' long follow-up study. A peripheral blood smear examination was performed with participants at every 1-2 month interval. A nested PCR test was performed to confirm the mono-infection with P...
December 2016: Korean Journal of Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089167/diabetic-self-care-practices-in-rural-mysuru-southern-karnataka-india-a-need-for-diabetes-self-management-educational-dsme-program
#3
K M Srinath, Madhu Basavegowda, Nandarula Sai Tharuni
CONTEXT: Diabetes and its complications are the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the world. Self care has emerged as a crucial element in the management of diabetes and a key factor associated with the quality of diabetic care. AIMS: The purpose of the study was to assess the self care activities of patients with Type II diabetes mellitus in a rural area of Mysuru district. SETTINGS AND DESIGN: A community based cross sectional descriptive study was carried out among 400 diabetic patients in rural Mysore...
December 15, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076315/meteorological-parameters-and-pollutants-on-asthma-exacerbation-in-bangalore-india-an-ecological-retrospective-time-series-study
#4
Kirthana U Kunikullaya, Ambarish Vijayaraghava, P Asha, Radhika Kunnavil, B V MuraliMohan
BACKGROUND: Literature has shown a significant association between asthma exacerbations and pollutant levels during that time. There is very limited evidence in India, especially Bangalore, for impacts of meteorological changes and pollution on asthma hospital admissions in adults. The objective was to study the impact of air pollution and meteorological parameters on asthma exacerbation in Bangalore. METHODS: This study quantitatively analyzed the relation between acute exacerbations of asthma and related admissions to the hospital with the air pollution and the meteorological conditions during that time...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Basic and Clinical Physiology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28072853/terrestrial-macrofungal-diversity-from-the-tropical-dry-evergreen-biome-of-southern-india-and-its-potential-role-in-aerobiology
#5
Hema Priyamvada, M Akila, Raj Kamal Singh, R Ravikrishna, R S Verma, Ligy Philip, R R Marathe, L K Sahu, K P Sudheer, S S Gunthe
Macrofungi have long been investigated for various scientific purposes including their food and medicinal characteristics. Their role in aerobiology as a fraction of the primary biological aerosol particles (PBAPs), however, has been poorly studied. In this study, we present a source of macrofungi with two different but interdependent objectives: (i) to characterize the macrofungi from a tropical dry evergreen biome in southern India using advanced molecular techniques to enrich the database from this region, and (ii) to assess whether identified species of macrofungi are a potential source of atmospheric PBAPs...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061783/improving-the-knowledge-of-labour-and-delivery-nurses-in-india-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-mentoring-and-case-sheets-in-primary-care-centres
#6
Janet Bradley, Krishnamurthy Jayanna, Souradet Shaw, Troy Cunningham, Elizabeth Fischer, Prem Mony, B M Ramesh, Stephen Moses, Lisa Avery, Maryanne Crockett, James F Blanchard
BACKGROUND: Birthing in health facilities in India has increased over the last few years, yet maternal and neonatal mortality rates remain high. Clinical mentoring with case sheets or checklists for nurses is viewed as essential for on-going knowledge transfer, particularly where basic training is inadequate. This paper summarizes a study of the effect of such a programme on staff knowledge and skills in a randomized trial of 295 nurses working in 108 Primary Health Centres (PHCs) in Karnataka, India...
January 7, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057194/budget-impact-of-polio-immunization-strategy-for-india-introduction-of-one-dose-of-inactivated-poliomyelitis-vaccine-and-reductions-in-supplemental-polio-immunization
#7
M M Khan, S Sharma, B Tripathi, F P Alvarez
OBJECTIVES: To conduct a budget impact analysis (BIA) of introducing the immunization recommendations of India Expert Advisory Group (IEAG) for the years 2015-2017. The recommendations include introduction of one inactivated poliomyelitis vaccine (IPV) dose in the regular child immunization programme along with reductions in oral polio vaccine (OPV) doses in supplemental programmes. STUDY DESIGN: This is a national level analysis of budget impact of new polio immunization recommendations...
January 2017: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050508/factors-affecting-tooth-retention-among-adult-population-of-dharwad-district-india
#8
Salma H Mulla, Nurul Ameen Inamdar, K V V Prasad
INTRODUCTION: Oral health in relation to general health is influen-ced by the retention of teeth. Understanding factors affecting tooth retention will help health and social policy-makers to translate the knowledge on tooth retention into action programs for improving oral health of the people and hence enhance tooth retention. AIM: The aim of the present study was to determine the factors affecting tooth retention among adult population of Dharwad district, India...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050503/the-oro-facial-investment-scale-ofis-a-novel-outcomes-and-evaluation-measure-for-self-appraised-oro-facial-behavioural-and-aesthetic-constructs-among-professional-healthcare-students-of-belagavi-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Vaibhav Kumar, Anil V Ankola, Sagar G Jalihal
INTRODUCTION: Several studies have shown that self perceived dental appearance is an important determinant in the decision to seek treatment. AIM: The aim of the present study was to assess the self-perceived oral health knowledge, attitude, practice, behaviour and perception among 18-20 year old students of professional healthcare institutions in Belagavi city, Karnataka. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The novel 21 item Oro-Facial Investment Scale (OFIS) formulated for this study was distributed to 600 students of professional healthcare institutions (200 each from Medical, Physiotherapy and Ayurveda specialties respectively)...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050499/oral-health-status-of-tibetan-and-local-school-children-a-comparative-study
#10
Vivek Sivakumar, Jithesh Jain, Reshmi Haridas, Shanavas Paliayal, Sheela Rodrigues, Merrin Jose
INTRODUCTION: India has seen a large influx of refugee populations throughout history and the Tibetan immigration is one among them. Understanding the health status and needs of immigrants is imperative because of their growing numbers and their input to the health of the nation. The oral health professionals face many challenges while confronting refugees and immigrants from cultures different from their own. Earlier studies have shown that children, especially refugees and immigrants have had a higher prevalence of unmet oral health needs...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050404/inventory-analysis-in-a-private-dental-hospital-in-bangalore-india
#11
Nitin Gupta, Pushpanjali Krishnappa
INTRODUCTION: There are various approaches for inventory management. Of all the inventory control systems, ABC (Always, Better, Control) and VED (Vital, Essential, Desirable) matrix is most suitable for dental stores. We could not find any literature pertaining to inventory analysis in a private dental hospital. So, we conducted a study in a private dental hospital in Bangalore, Karnataka, India. AIM: The present study aimed at evolving an inventory control plan for a private dental institution by categorizing the materials utilizing an ABC-VED coupling matrix...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050394/a-pilot-study-on-the-effect-of-angiotensin-receptor-blockers-on-platelet-aggregation-in-hypertensive-patients-a-prospective-observational-study
#12
Arun Suresh, Narendranath Sanji, Pallavi Mahadeva Kamath, Srinivas Lokikere Devendrappa, Shashikala Gowdara Hanumanthareddy, Imran Maniyar, Suresh Surappla Rudrappa
INTRODUCTION: Thrombosis is an invariable component contributing to cardiovascular events in patients with hypertension. One of the risk factors of cardiovascular disease is increased platelet activity. One among the widely used antihypertensive agents are Angiotensin II type 1 Receptor Blockers (ARBs). Even though there are many studies involving antihypertensive agents, their antithrombotic properties remain elusive and not fully characterized. AIM: To evaluate the anti-aggregatory effect of ARBs on platelets in-vivo...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28006797/redescription-and-range-extension-of-i-microhyla-i-i-sholigari-i-dutta-amp-ray-amphibia-anura-microhylidae-from-south-west-india
#13
Kadaba Shamanna Seshadri, H Priti, G Ravikanth, M K Vidisha, K K Vineeth, Ramit Singal, R R Sarma, N A Aravind, Kotambylu Vasudeva Gururaja
Microhyla sholigari is an endangered frog described in the year 2000. The original description was based on non-adult types and lacked information on several morphological characters, call structure, genetic material and photographs of the animal in life. The absence of such information posed challenges in field identification of this species. Since the original description, there is one other reported sighting of this species from Kerala in 2001. We encountered specimens that we confer to this species based on morphological similarity to the subadult holotype, from several new localities within and outside the Western Ghats of Karnataka...
December 21, 2016: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28004522/dual-infection-with-bluetongue-virus-serotypes-and-first-time-isolation-of-serotype-5-in-india
#14
D Hemadri, S Maan, M M Chanda, P P Rao, K Putty, Y Krishnajyothi, G H Reddy, V Kumar, K Batra, Y V Reddy, N S Maan, Y N Reddy, K P Singh, S B Shivachandra, N R Hegde, H Rahman, P P C Mertens
Bluetongue is endemic in India and has been reported from most Indian states. Of late, the clinical disease is most frequently seen in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Telangana (erstwhile Andhra Pradesh state), Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. Our analysis of diagnostic samples from bluetongue outbreaks during 2010-2011 from the state of Karnataka identified bluetongue virus (BTV) serotype 5 (BTV-5) for the first time in India. One of the diagnostic samples (CH1) and subsequent virus isolate (IND2010/02) contained both BTV-2 and BTV-5...
December 21, 2016: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28003891/arterial-resistance-in-late-first-trimester-as-a-predictor-of-subsequent-pregnancy-related-hypertension
#15
Pralhad Kushtagi, Anoosha Emani
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to examine the association between indicators of arterial resistance occurring late in the first trimester and the subsequent development of pregnancy-related hypertension. METHODS: This study took place between May 2014 and August 2015 and included 329 consecutive women with singleton pregnancies attending the antenatal clinics of a medical college in Karnataka, India, during this period. Pulse pressure (PP) and uterine artery Doppler parameters were recorded between 11-14 gestational weeks...
November 2016: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27993924/limited-effectiveness-of-a-skills-and-drills-intervention-to-improve-emergency-obstetric-and-newborn-care-in-karnataka-india-a-proof-of-concept-study
#16
Beena Varghese, Jayanna Krishnamurthy, Blaze Correia, Ruchika Panigrahi, Maryann Washington, Vinotha Ponnuswamy, Prem Mony
OBJECTIVE: The majority of the maternal and perinatal deaths are preventable through improved emergency obstetric and newborn care at facilities. However, the quality of such care in India has significant gaps in terms of provider skills and in their preparedness to handle emergencies. We tested the feasibility, acceptability, and effectiveness of a "skills and drills" intervention, implemented between July 2013 and September 2014, to improve emergency obstetric and newborn care in the state of Karnataka, India...
December 23, 2016: Global Health, Science and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27973246/measuring-the-influence-of-patient-counseling-at-tertiary-care-hospital-in-antenatal-care-south-karnataka-india
#17
N Udupa
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27943575/reduced-incidence-of-extra-articular-manifestations-of-ra-through-effective-disease-control-karnataka-rheumatoid-arthritis-comorbidity-krac-study
#18
S Chandrashekara, Vineeta Shobha, B G Dharmanand, Ramesh Jois, Sharath Kumar, Kurugodu Mathada Mahendranath, Vikram Haridas, Shiva Prasad, Yogesh Singh, Manisha Ashwin Daware, Anupama Swamy, R Subramanian, Srirama Attappa Somashekar, Arun Madhanaghatta Shanthappa, K R Anupama
AIM: To estimate the prevalence of extra-articular manifestations (EAM) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and the impact of demographic, clinical and treatment factors. METHOD: The study was carried out as a part of 'Karnataka Rheumatoid arthritis comorbidity (KRAC) study' conducted at 14 centers across Karnataka, India between September 2014 and July 2015. The data were collected by trained clinical research associates using a structured pro forma, under the supervision of the consulting rheumatologists...
December 10, 2016: International Journal of Rheumatic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934819/trend-of-human-brucellosis-over-a-decade-at-tertiary-care-centre-in-north-karnataka
#19
D P Patil, G S Ajantha, C Shubhada, P A Jain, A Kalabhavi, P C Shetty, M Hosamani, S Appannanavar, R D Kulkarni
BACKGROUND: Brucellosis is an important zoonotic disease. India having a major agrarian population is expected to have a higher prevalence. However, due to lack of laboratory facility or awareness among clinicians, the disease is largely underreported. The aim of this study was to know the prevalence and trend of human brucellosis over a decade, in patients attending a teaching hospital in North Karnataka, and to understand their geographical distribution. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study was conducted from January 2006 to December 2015 at a tertiary care teaching hospital in North Karnataka...
October 2016: Indian Journal of Medical Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27915488/psychological-impact-on-caregivers-of-hiv-infected-children-in-udupi-district-karnataka
#20
Md Asadullah, Ramachandra Kamath, Sanjay Pattanshetty, Teddy Andrews, N Sreekumaran Nair
Caregivers of children living with HIV/AIDS (CLWHA) face unique challenges due to disease-related stigma and discrimination, isolation from society, financial constraints, grief and mortality of loved one. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted at Udupi ART centre to assess the caregiver burden, psychological distress and their associated factors among the caregivers of CLWHA in Udupi District. The convenience sampling technique was used to collect the data from 171 caregivers and analysed with the help of SPSS version 15...
December 4, 2016: AIDS Care
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