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Michael L Lehmann, Thaddeus K Weigel, Abdel G Elkahloun, Miles Herkenham
The medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) plays a key role in top-down control of the brain's stress axis, and its structure and function are particularly vulnerable to stress effects, which can lead to depression in humans and depressive-like states in animals. We tested whether chronic social defeat produces structural alterations in the mPFC in mice. We first performed a microarray analysis of mPFC gene expression changes induced by defeat, and biological pathway analysis revealed a dominant pattern of down-regulation of myelin-associated genes...
April 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
Miro Kasum, Sonja Anić-Jurica, Ermin Čehić, Tajana Klepac-Pulanić, Josip Juras, Kristina Žužul
The aim of this review is to analyze current diagnostic approaches to obesity in adult men, the potential mechanisms linking obesity to infertility, and treatment options aimed at improving reproductive health. Obesity has become a worldwide epidemic with the estimated prevalence increasing from 28.8% to 36.9% between 1980 and 2013. In terms of diagnosis, numerous simple techniques have been developed including body mass index, waist to hip ratio, waist circumference, bioelectrical impedance analysis, ultrasound and skinfold measurements...
June 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
Miro Kasum, Daniela Franulić, Ermin Čehić, Slavko Orešković, Albert Lila, Emina Ejubović
The aim of this review is to analyse the effectiveness of exogenous kisspeptin administration as a novel alternative of triggering oocyte maturation, instead of currently used triggers such as human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) or gonadotropin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist, in women undergoing in vitro fertilisation (IVF) treatment. Kisspeptin has been considered a master regulator of two modes of GnRH and hence gonadotropin secretion, pulses and surges. Administration of kisspeptin-10 and kisspeptin-54 induces the luteinising hormone (LH) surge required for egg maturation and ovulation in animal investigations and LH release during the preovulatory phase of the menstrual cycle and hypothalamic amenorrhoea in humans...
April 10, 2017: Gynecological Endocrinology
Maja Feierabend, Gunnar Berghäuser, Andreas Knorr, Ermin Malic
The rapidly increasing use of sensors throughout different research disciplines and the demand for more efficient devices with less power consumption depends critically on the emergence of new sensor materials and novel sensor concepts. Atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides have a huge potential for sensor development within a wide range of applications. Their optimal surface-to-volume ratio combined with strong light-matter interaction results in a high sensitivity to changes in their surroundings...
March 15, 2017: Nature Communications
Miaomiao Lu, Nanchang Yin, Wei Liu, Xiangfei Cui, Shuo Chen, Ermin Wang
Diabetic nephropathy (DN) is the leading cause of end-stage renal disease, partly because of the lack of effective treatments for DN. Curcumin has been shown to exert strong antifibrotic effects in DN, but the underlying mechanisms are not well characterized. In this study, we sought to determine the effects of curcumin on diabetic renal disease in db/db mice and characterize the underlying mechanism of action. We administered curcumin to db/db mice for 16 weeks. In comparison to mock-treated db/db mice, curcumin-treated mice showed diminished renal hypertrophy, reduced mesangial matrix expansion, and a lower level of albuminuria...
2017: BioMed Research International
Cvetan Trpkov, Ermin Nath, Michael Moon, Jonathan Windram, Michelle M Graham
Purulent pericarditis is a rare acutely life-threatening condition. Initial symptoms, signs, and investigations can be nonspecific. Echocardiography is invaluable for establishing the diagnosis and initial management. We present a case of a previously healthy patient with purulent pericarditis caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae in the absence of a primary focus of infection. The patient deteriorated rapidly with cardiac tamponade and septic shock and was managed successfully by a combined medical and surgical approach...
November 17, 2016: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
Sinem Ermin, Gürsel Çok, Ali Veral, Timur Köse
BACKGROUND/AIM: Prediction of response to chemotherapy and prognosis bears clinical significance in patients with lung cancer. The aim of the study was to examine the association between apelin expression in tumor tissues and overall survival, progression-free survival, chemoresistance, and treatment response in stage 4 nonsmall cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients undergoing chemotherapy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 81 patients who received chemotherapy due to a biopsy-documented diagnosis of NSCLC between 2004 and 2011 were retrospectively studied...
November 17, 2016: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Malte Selig, Gunnar Berghäuser, Archana Raja, Philipp Nagler, Christian Schüller, Tony F Heinz, Tobias Korn, Alexey Chernikov, Ermin Malic, Andreas Knorr
Atomically thin transition metal dichalcogenides are direct-gap semiconductors with strong light-matter and Coulomb interactions. The latter accounts for tightly bound excitons, which dominate their optical properties. Besides the optically accessible bright excitons, these systems exhibit a variety of dark excitonic states. They are not visible in the optical spectra, but can strongly influence the coherence lifetime and the linewidth of the emission from bright exciton states. Here, we investigate the microscopic origin of the excitonic coherence lifetime in two representative materials (WS2 and MoSe2) through a study combining microscopic theory with spectroscopic measurements...
November 7, 2016: Nature Communications
Marta Canuti, Kimberly E O'Leary, Bruce D Hunter, Grant Spearman, Davor Ojkic, Hugh G Whitney, Andrew S Lang
Aleutian mink disease virus (AMDV) causes plasmacytosis, an immune complex-associated syndrome that affects wild and farmed mink. The virus can also infect other small mammals (e.g., ferrets, skunks, ermines, and raccoons), but the disease in these hosts has been studied less. In 2007, a mink plasmacytosis outbreak began on the Island of Newfoundland, and the virus has been endemic in farms since then. In this study, we evaluated the molecular epidemiology of AMDV in farmed and wild animals of Newfoundland since before the beginning of the outbreak and investigated the epidemic in a global context by studying AMDV worldwide, thereby examining its diffusion and phylogeography...
January 2016: Virus Evolution
Zhu Zhu, Bingxuan Hua, Zhanxian Shang, Gongsheng Yuan, Lirong Xu, Ermin Li, Xiaobo Li, Ning Sun, Zuoqin Yan, Ruizhe Qian, Chao Lu
Background. The risk of atherosclerosis is elevated in abnormal lipid metabolism and circadian rhythm disorder. We investigated whether abnormal lighting condition would have influenced the circadian expression of clock genes and clock-controlled lipid metabolism-related genes in ApoE-KO mice. Methods. A mouse model of atherosclerosis with circadian clock genes expression disorder was established using ApoE-KO mice (ApoE-KO LD/DL mice) by altering exposure to light. C57 BL/6J mice (C57 mice) and ApoE-KO mice (ApoE-KO mice) exposed to normal day and night and normal diet served as control mice...
2016: BioMed Research International
A Łukowski, M J Giertych, U Walczak, E Baraniak, P Karolewski
The bird cherry ermine moth, Yponomeuta evonymellus L., is considered an obligatory monophagous insect pest that feeds only on native European Prunus padus L. In recent years, however, increased larval feeding on alien P. serotina Ehrh. has been observed. In both species, general defoliation is extensive for shade grown trees, whereas it is high in P. padus, but very low in P. serotina, when trees are grown in full light conditions. The aim of the present study was to identify how the plant host species and light conditions affect the performance of Y...
April 2017: Bulletin of Entomological Research
Ermin Schadich, Petr Džubák, Marián Hajdúch
Virulence capsular polysaccharide (Vi antigen) and Salmonella`s Pathogenicity Island type 1 and 2 (SPI-1 and SPI-2 TTSS) are important membrane virulence factors of human restricted pathogen S. Typhi. The Vi antigen modulates different proinflammatory signaling pathways in infected macrophages, microfold epithelial and dendritic cells. SPI-2 TTSS and its effectors are required for promoting bacterial intracellular survival, replication and apoptosis while SPI-1 and its effectors are associated with invasion of microfold epithelial cells...
August 29, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Bernhard Hommel, Dominique P Lippelt, Ermine Gurbuz, Roland Pfister
Whereas ideomotor approaches to action control emphasize the importance of sensory action effects for action selection, motivational approaches emphasize the role of affective action effects. We used a game-like experimental setup to directly compare the roles of sensory and affective action effects in selecting and performing reaching actions in forced- and free-choice tasks. The two kinds of action effects did not interact. Action selection and execution in the forced-choice task were strongly impacted by the spatial compatibility between actions and the expected sensory action effects, whereas the free-choice task was hardly affected...
August 12, 2016: Psychonomic Bulletin & Review
Jordan L Wright, Charlotte M Ermine, Jesper R Jørgensen, Clare L Parish, Lachlan H Thompson
A number of studies have shown that damage to brain structures adjacent to neurogenic regions can result in migration of new neurons from neurogenic zones into the damaged tissue. The number of differentiated neurons that survive is low, however, and this has led to the idea that the introduction of extrinsic signaling factors, particularly neurotrophic proteins, may augment the neurogenic response to a level that would be therapeutically relevant. Here we report on the impact of the relatively newly described neurotrophic factor, Meteorin, when over-expressed in the striatum following excitotoxic injury...
2016: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Ermin Čehić, Miro Kasum, Velimir Šimunić, Slavko Orešković, Goran Vujić, Franjo Grgić
Young men comprise the overwhelming majority of men with spinal cord injury (SCI), the incidence of which has been growing over the years. Due to advances in physical medicine and rehabilitation, remarkable improvements in survival rates have been reported, leading to life expectancies similar to those of the general population. However, many sexual and reproductive functions may be impaired due to erectile or ejaculatory dysfunction and semen abnormalities, characterised by low-sperm motility or viability in SCI males who have not become parents yet...
December 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Miro Kasum, Kristijan Kurdija, Slavko Orešković, Ermin Čehić, Dinka Pavičić-Baldani, Lana Škrgatić
The aim of the review is to analyse the combination of a gonadotrophin releasing hormone (GnRH) agonist with a human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) trigger, for final oocyte maturation in in vitro fertilisation (IVF) cycles. The concept being a ''dual trigger'' combines a single dose of the GnRH agonist with a reduced or standard dosage of hCG at the time of triggering. The use of a GnRH agonist with a reduced dose of hCG in high responders demonstrated luteal phase support with improved pregnancy rates, similar to those after conventional hCG and a low risk of ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS)...
November 2016: Gynecological Endocrinology
Momchil T Mihnev, Faris Kadi, Charles J Divin, Torben Winzer, Seunghyun Lee, Che-Hung Liu, Zhaohui Zhong, Claire Berger, Walt A de Heer, Ermin Malic, Andreas Knorr, Theodore B Norris
The ultrafast dynamics of hot carriers in graphene are key to both understanding of fundamental carrier-carrier interactions and carrier-phonon relaxation processes in two-dimensional materials, and understanding of the physics underlying novel high-speed electronic and optoelectronic devices. Many recent experiments on hot carriers using terahertz spectroscopy and related techniques have interpreted the variety of observed signals within phenomenological frameworks, and sometimes invoke extrinsic effects such as disorder...
2016: Nature Communications
Ying Su, Bing-Qing Liang, Yan-Lin Feng, Yunyun Zhan, Ermin Gu, Xinxin Chen, Da-Peng Dai, Guo-Xin Hu, Jian-Ping Cai
Cytochrome P450 enzyme 2D6 (CYP2D6) is an important member of the cytochrome P450 enzyme superfamily, with more than 100 CYP2D6 allelic variants being previously reported. The aim of this study was to assess the catalytic characteristics of 25 alleles (CYP2D6.1 and 24 CYP2D6 variants) and their effects on the metabolism of propafenone in vitro. Twenty-five CYP2D6 alleles were expressing in 21 Spodoptera frugiperda (Sf) insect cells, and each variant was evaluated using propafenone as the substrate. Reactions were performed at 37 °C with 1-100 μmol/L propafenone for 30 min...
August 2016: Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Zhu Zhu, Bingxuan Hua, Lirong Xu, Gongsheng Yuan, Ermin Li, Xiaobo Li, Ning Sun, Zuoqin Yan, Chao Lu, Ruizhe Qian
Circadian genes control most of the physiological functions including cell cycle. Cell proliferation is a critical factor in the differentiation of progenitor cells. However, the role of Clock gene in the regulation of cell cycle via wingless-type (Wnt) pathway and the relationship between Clock and adipogenesis are unclear. We found that the circadian locomotor output cycles kaput (Clock) regulated the proliferation and the adipogenesis of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes. We found that Clock attenuation inhibited the viability of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes in the cell counting kit 8...
July 2016: IUBMB Life
Robert Schmidt, Gunnar Berghäuser, Robert Schneider, Malte Selig, Philipp Tonndorf, Ermin Malić, Andreas Knorr, Steffen Michaelis de Vasconcellos, Rudolf Bratschitsch
Monolayers of semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides hold the promise for a new paradigm in electronics by exploiting the valley degree of freedom in addition to charge and spin. For MoS2, WS2, and WSe2, valley polarization can be conveniently initialized and read out by circularly polarized light. However, the underlying microscopic processes governing valley polarization in these atomically thin equivalents of graphene are still not fully understood. Here, we present a joint experiment-theory study on the ultrafast time-resolved intervalley dynamics in monolayer WS2...
May 11, 2016: Nano Letters
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