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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787349/head-and-neck-cancer-patients-rates-reasons-and-risk-factors-for-30-day-unplanned-readmission
#1
Michael K Ghiam, Alexander Langerman, Zoukaa Sargi, Sarah Rohde
Objective To analyze rates, risk factors, and complications for 30-day readmission among head and neck cancer (HNC) patients. Methods Retrospective review of administrative records from Vizient (Irving, Texas) Clinical Data Base/Resource Manager on HNC patients who underwent a head and neck surgical procedure from January 2013 through September 2015 at 176 academic and community medical centers. Results Of the 18,121 patients included in the study, 2502 patients were readmitted within 30 days (13.8%). Mean time to readmission was 11 ± 8...
May 1, 2018: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764014/-comprehensive-treatment-of-335-patients-with-pyriform-sinus-carcinoma-by-surgery-via-the-paraglottic-space-approach
#2
W M Li, D M Wei, Y Qian, S D Cao, Y Xu, D Y Liu, D P Lei, X L Pan
Objective: To report the experience in comprehensive surgical treatment of pyriform sinus carcinoma via the paraglottic space approach. Methods: Three hundred and thirty-five cases with pyriform sinus carcinoma (according to UICC 2012 criteria, stage Ⅰ, 12 cases; Ⅱ, 36; Ⅲ, 79; Ⅳ, 208; T1, 26; T2, 139; T3, 121; T4, 49; cN0, 83; cN1, 61; cN2a-b, 118; cN2c, 71; cN3, 2) treated between 2006 and 2013 were retrospectively reviewed. There were 323 males and 12 females. Age aged from 36 to 80 years old with a median of 60 years old...
May 7, 2018: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761077/anatomical-cadaver-study-of-endolaryngeal-vascularization-focus-on-the-glottis-supraglottis-and-subglottis-from-the-transoral-microsurgical-point-of-view
#3
Pietro Perotti, Marco Ferrari, Nausica Montalto, Davide Lancini, Alberto Paderno, Fabiola Incandela, Barbara Buffoli, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella, Cesare Piazza
Introduction: Carbon dioxide laser coagulation during transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) for laryngeal cancer allows control of bleeding from vessels smaller than 0.5 mm. Therefore, larger arteries and veins must be carefully managed by clipping and/or monopolar cautery. The aim of this paper is to detail endolaryngeal vascular anatomy and identify areas of possible bleeding during TLM. Methods: We performed an anatomical study on a series of 11 fresh-frozen human cadavers...
2018: Frontiers in Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760831/current-status-of-organ-preservation-in-carcinoma-larynx
#4
REVIEW
Tapesh Bhattacharyya, Cessal Thommachan Kainickal
Organ preservation in carcinoma larynx is a long debated topic. There are multiple organ preserving approaches in the management of carcinoma larynx depending on various factors. Radical radiotherapy (RT) and conservation laryngeal surgery have shown equivalent results in early laryngeal cancer. Concurrent chemoradiation (CTRT) is the standard treatment in stage III and IV laryngeal cancer with intact cartilage and functional larynx. Patients with cartilage destruction or dysfunctional larynx are not the candidates for organ preservation...
April 2018: World Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756612/cancer-of-the-head-and-neck-a-set-of-indicators-based-on-register-and-administrative-data
#5
A Andreano, M Ansarin, D Alterio, R Bruschini, M G Valsecchi, A G Russo
Head and neck (H&N) tumours are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms with 5-year relative survival ranging from about 25% for the hypopharynx to 60% for the larynx in Europe. To improve survival rates, along with therapeutic improvements, it is important to standardise and optimise care received by patients with H&N tumours across different healthcare providers. To reach this goal, it is necessary to evaluate adherence to standards of received care at a population level. Published guidelines can serve as the basis to develop indicators, which can be computed from administrative health databases, measuring the adherence to specific recommendations at the individual level in unselected H&N cancer patients, identified from a population cancer register...
February 2018: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728730/awake-tracheostomy-indications-complications-and-outcome
#6
Doron Sagiv, Yuval Nachalon, Jobran Mansour, Eran Glikson, Eran E Alon, Arkadi Yakirevitch, Gideon Bachar, Michael Wolf, Adi Primov-Fever
BACKGROUND: Awake tracheostomy (AT) is aimed at securing the airway of patients with upper airway obstruction when other means are not feasible or have failed. Reports on AT in the literature are scarce. The goal of this study was to review our experience with the indications, complications and outcome of AT. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted on all ATs performed between 2010 and 2016 in two university-affiliated, tertiary medical centers. Data on demographics, indications, techniques, urgency and postoperative complications were retrieved from the medical charts...
May 4, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29725412/locally-advanced-laryngeal-cancer-total-laryngectomy-or-primary-non-surgical-treatment
#7
Aleš Čoček, Miloslav Ambruš, Alena Dohnalová, Martin Chovanec, Martina Kubecová, Kateřina Licková
Between January 1997 and December 2013, the Charles University 3rd Medical School and Royal Vinohrady Teaching Hospital Ear, Nose and Throat oncology team treated 185 patients with advanced laryngeal cancer, which, from a surgical perspective, required a total laryngectomy. Overall, ~70% of these patients (n=129) underwent conventional treatment (i.e., total laryngectomy with post-operative radiotherapy), and ~30% (n=56) were treated with larynx preservation protocols (including primary radiotherapy, neoadjuvant chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy or chemoradiotherapy, or primary chemoradiotherapy)...
May 2018: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29685599/hypoparathyroidism-in-total-thyroidectomy-due-to-benign-thyroid-diseases
#8
Burak Ertaş, Bayram Veyseller, Abdullah Karataş, Alper Özdilek, Remzi Doğan, Orhan Ozturan
PURPOSE: Our aim was to compare the effects of exposing the recurrent laryngeal nerve throughout its entire course with exposing the nerve only at its entry to the larynx in patients undergoing total thyroidectomy due to benign thyroid diseases, and to evaluate the effects of these methods on the risk for hypoparathyroidism. METHODS: The medical records of 437 patients who had undergone total thyroidectomy at the ear, nose, and throat clinic between 2001 and 2015 for benign thyroid diseases were evaluated retrospectively...
April 20, 2018: Clinical Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673737/epidemiological-features-of-cancers-of-the-oral-cavity-oropharynx-hypopharynx-and-larynx-cancer-in-r%C3%A3-union-island
#9
A Delagranda, G Leterme, E Chirpaz, C Ferdynus, C Fernandez, F Rubin
INTRODUCTION: This study had two objectives: firstly, to identify and compare characteristics of cancer of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx and larynx in Réunion Island, a tropical French overseas territory in the southern hemisphere; and secondly, to discuss how incidence of these cancers is presented in the international literature. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A retrospective study included 599 patients diagnosed with cancer of the oral cavity, oropharynx, hypopharynx or larynx between 2009 and 2013 in Réunion Island...
April 16, 2018: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673563/management-of-laryngeal-cleft-in-mechanically-ventilated-children-with-severe-comorbidities
#10
Rumi Ueha, Takao Goto, Asako Kaneoka, Tomonori Takano, Taku Sato, Yoichiro Hirata, Takaharu Nito, Tatsuya Yamasoba
Laryngeal clefts are rare congenital malformations of the posterior part of the larynx. The severities are correlated with the downward extension of the cleft and can involve numerous clinical symptoms including dysphagia and respiratory distress. As significant comorbidities may be present, individual treatments depend on the child's general condition and type of cleft involved. Herein, we describe two cases of children with laryngeal clefts and severe comorbidities requiring mechanical ventilation. One child with type III laryngeal cleft was successfully managed with the lateral pharyngotomy approach...
April 16, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664213/a-patient-centred-multi-domain-instrument-for-improving-the-clarity-of-outcomes-reporting-and-documentation-in-complex-airway-surgery
#11
S A R Nouraei, K J Heathcote
Laryngotracheal stenosis refers to abnormal narrowing of the central airways from larynx to carina. It is caused by an eclectic group of conditions that include intubation-related airway stenosis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, tracheal compression or malignancy, and congenital laryngotracheal malformations. A significant proportion of patients with this condition can be satisfactorily treated using a combination of endoscopic and open surgical techniques and when definitive treatment is not possible, most of the remaining patients can be managed with a combination of endoscopic airway maintenance, stents, T-tubes, and/or tracheostomies...
April 17, 2018: Clinical Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29643623/effect-of-dexmedetomidine-infusion-on-hemodynamic-responses-in-microsurgery-of-larynx
#12
Shakuntala Basantwani, Mayuresh Patil, Balasaheb Govardhane, Jyoti Magar, Bharati Tendolkar
Background and Aims: Microlaryngeal surgery is a frequently performed ear, nose, and throat procedure used to diagnose and treat laryngeal disorders. Suspension laryngoscopy causes prolonged stimulation of the deep pressure receptors of the larynx leading to adverse circulatory responses and consequently cardiac complications. In this study, dexmedetomidine infusion was used to assess its effectiveness for attenuation of this hemodynamic stress response. Material and Methods: Sixty patients undergoing elective microlaryngeal surgery randomly received either dexmedetomidine 1 μg/kg over 10 min followed by continuous infusion of 0...
January 2018: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627056/airway-management-following-tracheal-surgery
#13
REVIEW
Thomas R J Todd
The ability to remove longer segments of airway and to extend resections into the larynx proper has managed to create novel situations that will require attention to postoperative management. This article deals with prophylactic measures to prevent the requirement of assisted ventilation. It, however, also emphasizes various bronchoscopic and intubation techniques, which if required, will help to avoid trauma to the airway anastomosis. In addition, a variety of ventilator modalities are discussed that were developed by the author over many years at the Toronto General Hospital...
May 2018: Thoracic Surgery Clinics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617493/pectoralis-major-myocutaneous-flap-in-head-and-neck-surgery-reconstructions-critical-analysis
#14
Marcelo Benedito Menezes, Kassem Samir Saleh, Marianne Yumi Nakai, Lucas Porto Maurity Dias, Norberto Kodi Kavabata, Antônio José Gonçalves
OBJECTIVE: to evaluate the results of the use of the pectoralis major flap in the reconstruction of head and neck surgeries. METHODS: we conducted a retrospective study with data bank analysis and review of medical records of patients with head and neck cancer operated at the Discipline of Head and Neck Surgery, Surgery Department, São Paulo Holy Home of Mercy, using the pectoralis major flap for reconstruction, in a period of 16 years. We analyzed age, gender, primary site of neoplasia, clinical staging, preoperative radiotherapy (RT) and complications, classified as major and minor...
March 29, 2018: Revista do Colégio Brasileiro de Cirurgiões
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610957/organ-preservation-surgery-for-patients-with-t4a-laryngeal-cancer
#15
Caiyun Zhang, Minhui Zhu, Donghui Chen, Shicai Chen, Hongliang Zheng
PURPOSE: Surgical preservation of laryngeal function is very challenging in patients with advanced SCCL, especially those of stage T4a. The purpose of this study was to assess the feasibility of organ preservation surgery for patients with T4a squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx (SCCL). METHODS: We enrolled 32 patients with T4a SCCL and performed organ preservation surgery on them. Surgical details and perioperative morbidity were described, functional and oncologic outcomes were also evaluated...
April 2, 2018: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602585/trend-in-otolaryngological-surgeries-in-an-era-of-super-aging-descriptive-statistics-using-a-japanese-inpatient-database
#16
Sayaka Suzuki, Hideo Yasunaga, Hiroki Matsui, Kiyohide Fushimi, Tatsuya Yamasoba
OBJECTIVE: To reveal the age distribution and capture the longitudinal trend in otolaryngological surgeries performed in Japan, where society is rapidly aging. METHODS: Using the Diagnosis Procedure Combination database, we extracted data on patients who were hospitalized and underwent any type of otolaryngological surgery in departments of otolaryngology or head and neck surgery from fiscal year 2007 to fiscal year 2013. Type of surgery, patient's age, and fiscal year were compared...
March 27, 2018: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582802/the-surgical-outcome-of-minimally-invasive-pharyngo-laryngo-oesophagectomy-in-prone-position
#17
Mariko Ogino, Yuma Ebihara, Akihiro Homma, Kimitaka Tanaka, Yoshitsugu Nakanishi, Toshimichi Asano, Takehiro Noji, Yo Kurashima, Soichi Murakami, Toru Nakamura, Takahiro Tsuchikawa, Keisuke Okamura, Toshiaki Shichinohe, Satoshi Hirano
PURPOSE: Pharyngo-laryngo-oesophagectomy (PLE) which is mainly indicated for cervical oesophageal cancer or synchronous double cancer of the thoracic oesophagus and the pharynx or larynx, is extremely invasive. Since minimally invasive oesophagectomy (MIE) using video-assisted thoracic surgery has become popular recently, the procedure can be adopted to PLE. Moreover, the use of the prone position (PP) in MIEs has been increasing recently because technical advantages and fewer post-operative complications were reported...
March 23, 2018: Journal of Minimal Access Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581859/a-pilot-study-on-primary-cultures-of-human-respiratory-tract-epithelial-cells-to-predict-patients-responses-to-h7n9-infection
#18
Chung-Guei Huang, Li-Ang Lee, Yi-Cheng Wu, Mei-Jen Hsiao, Jim-Tong Horng, Rei-Lin Kuo, Chih-Heng Huang, Ya-Chu Lin, Kuo-Chien Tsao, Min-Chi Chen, Tse-Ching Chen, Shin-Ru Shih
Avian influenza A(H7N9) virus infections frequently lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome and death in humans. We aimed to investigate whether primary cultures of human respiratory tract epithelial cells are helpful to understand H7N9 virus pathogenesis and tissue tropism, and to evaluate how patient-related characteristics can affect the host's response to infection. Normal human bronchial epithelial cells (isolated from two different donors) and primary epithelial cells (harvested from 27 patients undergoing airway surgery) were experimentally infected with H7N9 and/or H1N1pdm for 72 h...
March 6, 2018: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563733/analysis-of-factors-affecting-the-longevity-of-voice-prosthesis-following-total-laryngectomy-with-a-review-of-literature
#19
Arvind Krishnamurthy, Suhaildeen Khwajamohiuddin
Tracheoesophageal voice puncture (TEP) coupled with the use of voice prosthesis has been considered as the gold standard for speech rehabilitation in patients of advanced laryngeal/hypopharyngeal carcinomas, who have undergone a total laryngectomy with or without partial pharyngectomy. Although prosthetic voice rehabilitation is commonly practiced worldwide including India, there is a paucity of published Indian data, more so in the current era of organ conservation. This study included 60 laryngectomized patients with a prosthetic voice rehabilitation at a tertiary cancer center in South India between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2013...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29563730/clinicopathological-factors-of-cervical-nodal-metastasis-and-the-concept-of-selective-lateral-neck-dissection-in-the-surgical-management-of-carcinoma-larynx-and-hypopharynx-and-its-outcome
#20
Elizabeth Mathew Iype, Santhosh Kumar N, Sreekanth S Kumar, Bipin T Varghese, Jaya C Jose
To study the clinicopathological and molecular factors which correlate with nodal metastasis in laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinoma, a retrospective analysis of 170 patients who underwent surgery for laryngeal and hypopharyngeal carcinoma at RCC, Trivandrum from 2006 to 2010 was done. The pathological nodal stage and levels of involvement were correlated with the clinicopathologic features of the primary disease. Neck node positivity was significantly more for lesions of pyriform sinus lesion (61%), with thyroid cartilage erosion (56%) and with base tongue involvement (88%)...
March 2018: Indian Journal of Surgical Oncology
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