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Surgery larynx

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28428908/metastatic-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-colon-from-esophageal-cancer
#1
Natasha Garg, Constance Stoehr, Yan Shi Zhao, Heather Rojas, Chung-Tsen Hsueh
BACKGROUND: Esophageal cancer including squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and adenocarcinoma represents 4% of all cancers in the United States. Patients with esophageal cancer frequently present with locally advanced disease, and about 40% of patients have evidence of metastatic disease on presentation. Common sites of metastasis include liver, lung and bone. Here, we present a rare case of colonic metastasis from primary esophageal SCC. CASE PRESENTATION: A 60-year-old Caucasian male with a history of 20-pack-year cigarette smoking received surgery and adjuvant chemoradiotherapy for locally advanced SCC of larynx...
2017: Experimental Hematology & Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427542/recurrent-respiratory-papillomatosis-a-state-of-the-art-review
#2
REVIEW
Helena Ribeiro Fortes, Felipe Mussi von Ranke, Dante Luiz Escuissato, Cesar Augusto Araujo Neto, Gláucia Zanetti, Bruno Hochhegger, Carolina Althoff Souza, Edson Marchiori
Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a benign disease of the upper aero-digestive tract caused by human papillomavirus (HPV) infection, which affects children and young adults. The aim of this review is to describe the main etiological, epidemiological, clinical, diagnostic, and treatment aspects of RRP. Most infections in children occur at birth, during passage through the birth canals of contaminated mothers. In adults, HPV is transmitted sexually. Papillomas usually appear as exophytic nodules, primarily in the larynx, but occasionally involving the nasopharynx, tracheobronchial tree, and pulmonary parenchyma...
May 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417663/is-neck-dissection-associated-with-an-increased-risk-of-postoperative-stroke
#3
John D Cramer, Urjeet A Patel, Matthew B Maas, Sandeep Samant, Stephanie Shintani Smith
Objective Prior studies have reported widely disparate rates of postoperative stroke, with conflicting analyses of whether neck dissection is an independent risk factor. Study Design Cohort study. Setting American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program from 2005 to 2013. Subjects and Methods We compared the 30-day rate of postoperative stroke between patients undergoing complete or modified radical neck dissection and a control cohort composed of those undergoing resections in the oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, or hypopharynx without neck dissection...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416345/laryngeal-function-preserving-operation-for-t4a-laryngeal-cancer-with-vocal-cord-paralysis-a-case-report
#4
Yukinori Asada, Koreyuki Kurosawa, Ko Matsumoto, Takahiro Goto, Kengo Katoh, Takayuki Imai, Shigeru Saijo, Kazuto Matsuura
For locally advanced laryngeal cancers, the standard treatment of choice is chemoradiotherapy if organ function needs to be conserved. Surgical treatment with larynx preservation is conducted only for limited cases. For locally advanced laryngeal cancers such as those with vocal cord fixation and/or cricoid cartilage destruction, there is no apparent standardized organ-preserving surgery keeping the essential laryngeal functions, viz. the airway, deglutition and articulation, uncompromized. Recently, our surgical team saw a patient with T4a advanced laryngeal cancer with vocal cord fixation who aspired to maintain his laryngeal function...
April 14, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28376866/systemic-therapy-in-the-curative-treatment-of-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-cancer-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Eric Winquist, Chika Agbassi, Brandon M Meyers, John Yoo, Kelvin K W Chan
OBJECTIVE: To review the available evidence and make recommendations regarding use of systemically administered drugs in combination or in sequence with radiation (RT) and/or surgery for cure and/or organ preservation in patients with locally advanced nonmetastatic (Stage III to IVB) squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck (LASCCHN). METHOD: Recognizing the Meta-analysis of Chemotherapy in Head and Neck Cancer (MACH-NC) group reports have de facto guided practice since 2000, we searched for systematic reviews in the MEDLINE, EMBASE and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews published from January 2000 to February 2015 in reference to 4 research questions...
April 4, 2017: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28375474/minimally-invasive-substernal-colonic-transposition-for-corrosive-strictures-of-the-upper-aerodigestive-tract
#6
J K Banerjee, R Saranga Bharathi
Corrosive upper aerodigestive tract strictures are conventionally treated by open surgery. Surgical advancements permit these strictures to be addressed with minimal invasion. Corrosive strictures treated minimally invasively over a 2-year period (2014-2015) were audited. Colonic mobilization and retrosternal tunneling were performed laparoscopically. The left colic vessel-based isoperistaltic colonic/ileocolonic segment was transposed substernally into the neck, aided by miniceliotomy. Proximal anastomosis was side-to-side esophagocolic in all patients except those who underwent pharyngolaryngectomy or partial laryngectomy, where pharyngocolic/pyriform fossa-ileal anastomosis was employed...
April 1, 2017: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367361/transoral-laser-microsurgery-in-early-glottic-lesions
#7
REVIEW
E V Sjögren
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To give an overview of the evolvement of transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) in the treatment of early glottic carcinoma and highlight the contribution of recent literature. RECENT FINDINGS: The indications and limits of TLM have been well specified. Effects on swallowing have been well documented. Introduction of narrow-band imaging (NBI) and diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance has been shown of additional value for outcome. The first reports on transoral robotic surgery show that it may be of added value in the future...
2017: Current Otorhinolaryngology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351570/topical-agents-for-oral-cancer-chemoprevention-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#8
REVIEW
Lucy Chau, Justin T Jabara, Wanda Lai, Peter F Svider, Blake M Warner, Ho-Sheng Lin, S Naweed Raza, Andrew M Fribley
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: We review the use of topical chemoprevention agents in patients with oral potentially malignant disorders (PMD). METHODS: A systematic review of studies on topical chemoprevention agents for oral PMD from 1946 to November 2016 was conducted using the MEDLINE database, Embase, and Cochrane Library. Data were extracted and analyzed from selected studies including study type, sample size, demographics, treatment length, response rate, follow-up time, adverse effects, and recurrence...
April 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28351561/salvage-surgery-in-recurrent-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma-oncologic-outcome-and-predictors-of-disease-free-survival
#9
Marc Hamoir, Emma Holvoet, Jerôme Ambroise, Benoît Lengelé, Sandra Schmitz
OBJECTIVE: Salvage surgery in recurrent SCCHN is associated with poor outcomes. This study aimed to better identify suitable surgical candidates and those at high risk of new recurrence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Single-center retrospective analysis of 109 patients undergoing salvage surgery for recurrent SCCHN. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to identify prognostic factors affecting disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: The following factors showed a significant impact on DFS: Disease-free interval >6months [HR 0...
April 2017: Oral Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28345520/-management-of-patients-with-bradykinin-mediated-angioedema-in-oral-and-maxillofacial-surgery
#10
J Rohart, L Bouillet, H Moizan
Bradykinin-mediated angioedema (AE) is a rare disease characterized by recurrent cutaneous or mucosal angioedema. This hereditary or acquired disease is of rapid installation, non-pruritic, usually painless and can affect the face, lips, larynx, gastrointestinal tract or extremities. When the affected area involves the upper respiratory tract, laryngeal angioedema can lead to imminent death by asphyxia. This is the reason for the high mortality rate (30 %) in undiagnosed or improperly managed patients. High-risk situations in oral and maxillofacial surgery procedures should be identified preoperatively...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Stomatology, Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28343804/evaluation-of-the-grafted-fascia-in-the-vocal-fold-of-dogs-a-histologic-study
#11
Eduardo G B Carvalho, Henrique F Pauna, Almiro J Machado, Ester M D Nicola, Albina M A M Altemani, Agrício N Crespo
INTRODUCTION: There is no consensus on the ideal graft for medialization surgery of the vocal folds in the literature. One of the most favorable proposals is the use of autologous fascia, which seems limited by the lack of information regarding the integration of grafted tissue. Our study aims to evaluate the degree of fully engrafted fascia integration in the vocal fold lamina propria of dogs. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fourteen adult mongrel dogs that underwent intravenous general anesthesia were selected and kept under spontaneous ventilation...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342482/treatment-outcomes-in-veterans-with-hpv-positive-head-and-neck-cancer
#12
Aaron J Feinstein, Sophie G Shay, Elena Chang, Michael S Lewis, Marilene B Wang
OBJECTIVES: Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) caused by the human papilloma virus (HPV) has an improved prognosis relative to HPV-negative tumors. Patients with HPV-positive disease may benefit from different treatment modalities in order to optimize survival and quality of life. We sought to investigate HPV-positive HNSCC within the military veteran population, and analyze the role of treatment modality in outcomes of patients with HPV-positive and HPV-negative tumors. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with HNSCC between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2014 at one regional veterans health center were retrospectively examined...
March 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28327089/uniform-fdg-pet-guided-gradient-dose-prescription-to-reduce-late-radiation-toxicity-upgrade-rt-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial-with-dose-reduction-to-the-elective-neck-in-head-and-neck-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#13
Sven van den Bosch, Tim Dijkema, Martina C Kunze-Busch, Chris H J Terhaard, Cornelis P J Raaijmakers, Patricia A H Doornaert, Frank J P Hoebers, Marije R Vergeer, Bas Kreike, Oda B Wijers, Wim J G Oyen, Johannes H A M Kaanders
BACKGROUND: In definitive radiation therapy for head and neck cancer, clinically uninvolved cervical lymph nodes are irradiated with a so-called 'elective dose' in order to achieve control of clinically occult metastases. As a consequence of high-resolution diagnostic imaging, occult tumor volume has significantly decreased in the last decades. Since the elective dose is dependent on occult tumor volume, the currently used elective dose may be higher than necessary. Because bilateral irradiation of the neck contributes to dysphagia, xerostomia and hypothyroidism in a dose dependent way, dose de-escalation to these regions can open a window of opportunity to reduce toxicity and improve quality of life after treatment...
March 21, 2017: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322111/hpv-in-larynx-squamous-cell-carcinoma-new-serotypes-and-survival-study-within-10-year-follow-up
#14
Alvaro Sánchez Barrueco, Fernando González Galán, David Lora Pablos, José Miguel Villacampa Aubá, Claudio Ballestín Carcavilla, Carlos Cenjor Español, Carlos Almodóvar Álvarez
Objective To determine the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, specifically in the larynx without the bias of other sublocations, and to describe the different serotypes of HPV and their impact on overall and disease-free survival after 10-year follow-up. Study Design Retrospective case series with chart review of ear, nose, and throat oncologic database. Setting Academic tertiary care hospital. Subjects A total of 123 samples of larynx squamous cell carcinoma were included, only from the glottis and treated only with surgery between 1977 and 2005...
March 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28318968/improved-glottic-exposure-for-robotic-microlaryngeal-surgery-a-case-series
#15
Dehra A McGuire, Jennifer P Rodney, Nilesh R Vasan
Robotic surgery has become the standard of care for many procedures outside of otolaryngology and now is gaining momentum within our specialty. The da Vinci (Intuitive Surgical, Sunnyvale, CA) robot has several advantages to human hands, including removal of tremor and better access to lesions because of increased degree of movement of the articulated instruments. The glottis has rarely been addressed using robotic surgery because access was previously thought to be difficult because of the limitations of currently used retractors, which include poor base of tongue and oral commissure retraction resulting in lack of exposure of the glottis in many patients and lack of space for the robotic instruments to occupy...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300950/correlation-between-swallowing-related-quality-of-life-and-videofluoroscopy-after-head-and-neck-cancer-treatment
#16
Margareth Souza Andrade, Aline Nogueira Gonçalves, Renata Lígia Vieira Guedes, Camila Barbosa Barcelos, Luciana Dall'Agnol Siqueira Slobodticov, Simone Aparecida Claudino Lopes, Ana Lúcia Noronha Francisco, Elisabete Carrara de Angelis
Introduction: The use of symptom-specific questionnaires on head and neck cancer (HNC), together with objective swallowing measures, can be sensitive to changes in quality of life (QoL) resulting from dysphagia, but this tool is not broadly used as a complement to clinical evaluations. Purpose: To analyze the correlation between the M. D. Anderson Dysphagia Inventory (MDADI) questionnaire and videofluoroscopy (VF) in patients treated for head and neck cancer. Methods: This is a retrospective study with review of clinical data, VF and MDADI results...
March 9, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28268924/modeling-of-pharyngoesophageal-segment-during-tracheoesophageal-phonation-in-total-laryngectomy-patients-with-preliminary-validation
#17
Teng Zhang, Siwei Bai, Ian Cook, Michal Szczesniak, Julia Maclean, Socrates Dokos
For patients with large or recurrent laryngeal cancer, total laryngectomy surgery is usually performed. In the absence of a larynx, tracheoesophageal (TE) voice is the gold standard for alaryngeal phonation. The mechanisms underlying TE voice are unknown, but pharyngoesophageal (PE) segment vibration has been shown to play a key role. The aim of this study was to systematically explore the mechanics of PE segment vibration during TE phonation. A 2D axisymmetric finite-element model with two domains representing the air and PE wall was developed...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28263419/transoral-ultrasonic-surgery-of-pharyngolaryngeal-giant-hemangioma-after-ethylene-vinyl-alcohol-copolymer-onyx-embolization
#18
Meritxell Valls-Mateus, Luis San Román, Juan Macho, Alfons Nadal, Manuel Bernal-Sprekelsen, Isabel Vilaseca
BACKGROUND: Cervico-mediastinal hemangiomas in adulthood are rare and slow-growing vascular tumors. The optimal treatment for giant hemangiomas is controversial. In asymptomatic cases, clinical observation is generally recommended. METHODS: We report the transoral resection of a pharyngolaryngeal hemangioma (diameters of 44 × 56 × 39 mm) with tracheal involvement and mediastinal extension. Clinically, the patient had throat foreign body sensation, severe dyspnea and stridor...
March 6, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28252821/transoral-laser-microsurgery-or-total-laryngectomy-for-recurrent-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-larynx-retrospective-analysis-of-199-cases
#19
Bernhard G Weiss, Mattis Bertlich, Martin Canis, Friedrich Ihler
BACKGROUND: Surgical treatment options for local recurrences of laryngeal cancer can be either organ-preserving surgery or total laryngectomy. The purpose of this study was to present our evaluation of the treatment with transoral laser microsurgery (TLM) in comparison to laryngectomy. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 199 consecutive patients with recurrent laryngeal cancer at 1 tertiary referral center. RESULTS: The 5-year overall survival, disease-specific survival, and local control rates were 64...
March 2, 2017: Head & Neck
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28243696/window-resection-for-intraluminal-cricotracheal-invasion-by-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#20
Sueyoshi Moritani
BACKGROUND: Invasion of the upper aerodigestive tract by papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) affects both prognosis and quality of life. We assessed the efficacy of window resection for patients with intraluminal cricotracheal invasion. METHODS: Clinical data were retrospectively reviewed for all patients with PTC undergoing surgery at our institution during 1981-2009. Seventy-six patients with intraluminal cricotracheal invasion were enrolled, including 34 relapsing patients...
February 27, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
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