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Endoscopic surgery larynx

Sharon H Gnagi, David R White
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To discuss current modalities of endoscopic airway management beyond balloon dilation therapy. RECENT FINDINGS: Advances continue to be made through technology and bioengineering with exciting potential in the pediatric airway. Smaller robots and instrumentation allow increased endoscopic surgical success. Biodegradable stents and bioengineered grafts are on the horizon for use in airway surgery. Dysphonia following airway reconstruction is of increasing recognition with new endoscopic treatments being performed...
September 15, 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Francesco Mattioli, Livio Presutti, Marco Caversaccio, Marco Bonali, Lukas Anschuetz
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to develop and validate an ex vivo dissection station for endolaryngeal surgery suitable for different kinds of laryngeal specimen and any type of operating technique (CO2 laser, cold instruments by endoscopic or microscopic techniques). STUDY DESIGN: Experimental construction and validation of a highly specialized dissection station. SETTING: Laboratory and international dissection course. METHODS: We designed a lightweight dissection station made of polycarbonate resin approved for use with a CO2 laser...
September 6, 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
Adriana Bueno Benito Pessin, Elaine Lara Mendes Tavares, Andréa Cristina Joia Gramuglia, Lídia Raquel de Carvalho, Regina Helena Garcia Martins
: Vocal symptoms are frequent in the elderly and are consequences of structural changes in the larynx that occur with aging. OBJECTIVE: to identify the voice alterations in elderly patients attending a voice clinic. METHODS: elderly patients of both genders were divided into two groups: 60-75 and above 76 years. All patients completed a questionnaire with identification data, profession, vocal symptoms, hearing, habits and addictions, and systemic diseases...
August 18, 2016: Clinical Otolaryngology
Ela A Server, Yusuf M Durna, Ozgur Yigit, Erol R Bozkurt
This paper presents a case report of an HIV-negative, supraglottic Kaposi's sarcoma patient. The 80-year-old male patient was admitted with complaints of hoarseness, difficulty in swallowing, and a stinging sensation in his throat for approximately six months. The endoscopic larynx examination revealed a lesion which had completely infiltrated the epiglottis, reached right aryepiglottic fold, was vegetating, pink and purple in color, multilobular, fragile, and shaped like a bunch of grapes, and partially blocked the bleeding airway passage...
2016: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Farzad Izadi, Reza Vaghardoost, Vita Derakhshandeh, Behnam Sobouti, Yaser Ghavami
INTRODUCTION: Laryngotracheal stenosis can be caused after traumatic injuries to the neck from the subglottic larynx to the trachea. Patients with laryngotracheal stenosis often need a tracheotomy and occasionally may become tracheotomy dependent. Different procedures have been described for the management of these lesions. Management options include techniques of endoscopic dilation, laser resection, laryngo-fissure, and an innovative array of plastic reconstructions with or without the use of stents...
March 2016: Iranian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
P D Karkos, S Dova, S Sotiriou, K Markou, I Kostopoulos
ΒACKGROUND: Synchronous multiple malignancies of the larynx are rare. We present a case here of synchronous primary laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) and malignant fibrous histiocytoma (MFH) in a patient with hoarseness though with no history of exposure to radiation. Clinical, intraoperative, and histopathological findings in this patient are discussed. METHODS: Wide laser excision of the left supraglottic lesion and laser cordectomy of the right true vocal cord were performed...
2016: Ecancermedicalscience
A Grammatica, A Bolzoni Villaret, M Ravanelli, P Nicolai
Solitary fibrous tumour (SFT) is a rare, benign, mesenchymal neoplasm that usually arises in the pleura, but rarely involves other sites outside the serosal space (mediastinum, lung, liver, thyroid gland); larynx involvement is very rare with only sporadic cases reported in the literature. We report a case of SFT in a 41-year-old woman with supraglottic laryngeal invovlement; symptoms included dysphonia and mild odynophagia lasting 2 years, and fibre-optic laryngeal evaluation showed a sub-mucosal mass involving the left supraglottis and medial wall of the pyriform sinus...
June 2016: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
Christoph Arens, Marcel Kraft
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) of the larynx is a vertical endoscopic imaging technique that gives further information about the extension of a lesion apart from normal white light endoscopy, chromoendoscopy, as well as palpation. It combines the advantages of ultrasound and endoscopy. Miniprobes or ultrasound endoscopes with 10-20 MHz are applied. The present review is focused on the use of EUS in the larynx especially in the management of laryngeal cancer. RECENT FINDINGS: At present, the larynx is routinely assessed by computed tomography and MRI...
April 2016: Current Opinion in Otolaryngology & Head and Neck Surgery
Priya N Doerga, Bart Spruijt, Irene M J Mathijssen, Eppo B Wolvius, Koen F M Joosten, Marc P van der Schroeff
INTRODUCTION: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is highly prevalent in children with Apert and Crouzon syndromes. Although often related to midface hypoplasia, it is a multi-level problem for which routine midface advancement might be a suboptimal treatment choice. We therefore wished to: 1.) use upper airway endoscopy to examine the level of obstruction in children with OSA; 2.) determine the relationship between endoscopic assessment and OSA severity; and 3.) evaluate the effect of surgery on endoscopic assessment and OSA severity...
February 2016: Journal of Cranio-maxillo-facial Surgery
Mümtaz Taner Torun, Ender Seçkin, Ümit Tuncel, Caner Kılıç, Özalkan Özkan
Background. Cysts in the larynx are rare and generally asymptomatic. However, large cysts in adults can be symptomatic. If they are symptomatic, they typically present with respiratory and feeding difficulties. They are usually benign in terms of pathology. Several surgical techniques may be used for treatment. Case Report. A 56-year-old man presented to our clinic with hoarseness. Routine laryngeal examination revealed a giant mass and the larynx could not be visualized. At magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), a cystic mass originating from the vallecula was detected...
2015: Case Reports in Otolaryngology
Q Lisan, C Hoffmann, T Jouffroy, S Hans
Treatment of laryngoceles is surgical resection, through an external approach for external laryngoceles and through an endoscopic approach for internal laryngoceles. We report the first case of a mixed laryngomucocele treated with transoral robotic surgery. A patient presented with a history of chronic cough. Nasolaryngoscopy showed a sub-mucosal swelling into the larynx. Computed tomography confirmed the diagnosis of a right mixed laryngomucocele. A transoral robotic- and laser-assisted surgery was performed...
March 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
S Fries, P Pasche, C Brunel, V Schweizer
Amyloidosis consists of different forms of systemic or isolated organ lesions characterised by fibrillary protein deposits in extra-cellular tissue. The isolated involvement of the larynx is the most frequent form in the ENT sphere. We present a clinical case of a 67 year-old woman addressed for a sub-acute laryngitis resistant to conservative treatment, and finally diagnosed with laryngeal amyloidosis. We reviewed its physiopathology, the scientific literature as well as the different possibilities of management...
September 30, 2015: Revue Médicale Suisse
Hitomi Shinomiya, Naoki Otsuki, Shin-Ichi Takahara, Rie Yasui, Naoki Sawada, Hirokazu Komatsu, Hisami Fujio, Hajime Fujiwara, Ken-Ichi Nibu
BACKGROUND: Although spontaneous rupture of a cervical parathyroid adenoma with extracapsular hemorrhage is rare, it may cause cervical and mediastinal hematoma, leading to potentially fatal consequences. CASE PRESENTATION: The first case was a 76-year-old Asian female who presented with pharyngeal discomfort and anterior chest ecchymosis. Endoscopic investigation showed submucosal hemorrhage in the pharynx and larynx. The second case was a 62-year-old Asian male who presented with anterior chest ecchymosis and suspected of a ruptured blood vessel...
2015: BMC Research Notes
K Aubry, S Vergez, E de Mones, S Moriniere, O Choussy, O Malard, G Dolivet, B Lallemant, P Ceruse
Transoral robotic assisted surgery (TORS) represents an innovative endoscopic therapeutic alternative in the treatment of head and neck tumors. Many publications favor this surgery, especially in terms of functional results. The aim of this study was to investigate the TORS morbidity and mortality and to identify the risk factors for complications. It is a multicenter retrospective study. All head and neck tumor patients treated by TORS were included in the study over a period of 5 years (2009-2014). The studied parameters were the intraoperative and post-operative complications including hemorrhage, fistula, tracheotomy, aspiration pneumonia and death...
March 2016: Journal of Robotic Surgery
Molly Naunheim, Katherine C Yung, Mark Courey
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Although considered less invasive and therefore less morbid than laryngoscopy under general anesthesia, prior research shows that transnasal flexible endoscopic (TNFE) procedures are associated with a significant increase in heart rate and blood pressure. The purpose of this review was to identify the most stimulating portion of the procedure to potentially provide a target for directed pharmacotherapy to ensure hemodynamic stability. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review...
September 2016: Laryngoscope
Jacek Banaszewski, Alexander Gaggl, Heinz Buerger, Malgorzata Wierzbicka, Maciej Pabiszczak, Tomasz Pastusiak, Witold Szyfter
The larynx is a complicated organ with very important functions. Reconstructive operations of the larynx often result in some function reduction caused by scars and stenoses. The aim of this report is to present the results of the one-stage reconstructive operation after a large excision of the chondrosarcoma of the larynx. The patient was male, aged 48 with the history of the operation of the highly mature cartilaginous sarcoma of the thyroid on the right side with tumor recurrence. The one-stage reconstructive surgery using medial condyle femur corticoperiosteal free flap which reshaped the cartilage scaffold and restored an inner layer as the mucosa was made...
February 2016: Microsurgery
Anthony G Del Signore, Rupali N Shah, Nikita Gupta, Kenneth W Altman, Peak Woo
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: Although office-based laser surgery applications for benign and premalignant lesions of the larynx are appealing, there are scant data on their complications and failures. We review office-based angiolytic laser surgery in patients with benign laryngeal pathology for rates of complication and failure. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Two hundred fifty-five patients who underwent in-office angiolytic laser surgery treatment over 4 years were reviewed...
September 30, 2015: Journal of Voice: Official Journal of the Voice Foundation
Mario M Fernández-Fernández, Lourdes Montes-Jovellar González, Carlos Ramírez Calvo, Pablo Parente Arias, Francisco Clascá Cabré, Primitivo Ortega Del Álamo
The minimally invasive total laryngectomy avoids a wide surgical field and so it has the potential benefit of reducing the local morbidity, especially on radiated patients. This approach has been previously described on a robotic basis, the transoral robotic total laryngectomy (TORS-TL). We have designed a minimally invasive approach for total laryngectomy (TL) using the transoral ultrasonic surgery technique (TOUSS). TOUSS is a transoral, endoscopic, non-robotic approach for laryngeal and pharyngeal tumors, based on the ultrasonic scalpel as a resection tool...
September 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Mi Jin Yoo, Soham Roy, Lee P Smith
INTRODUCTION: Congenital anterior glottic stenosis (web) is a rare condition usually presenting with airway obstruction, stridor or dysphonia. Symptomatic infants may require tracheotomy to bridge the neonatal period. Early open surgical reconstruction may have significant risks and failure may still result in tracheotomy. We introduce an endoscopic surgical approach with balloon dilation for primary management of congenital anterior glottic stenosis. METHODS: We present three cases of congenital anterior glottic stenosis in children 7, 14, and 90 days old presenting with stridor, dyspnea, and dysphonia...
December 2015: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Koji Fukumoto, Go Miyano, Masaya Yamoto, Hiroshi Nouso, Hiromu Miyake, Masakatsu Kaneshiro, Hideaki Nakajima, Mariko Koyama, Kyoko Mochizuki, Masato Shinkai, Naoto Urushihara
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: In Japan, surgical repair of a laryngotracheoesophageal cleft (LTEC) typically consists of the anterior approach, with the lateral approach as an alternative. Endoscopic surgery to repair the tracheoesophageal septum has been reported, and this study reviewed our experience treating several cases of LTEC endoscopically. METHODS: Endoscopic repair of LTEC was performed in 7 patients (3 boys, 4 girls; age range 4 months to 2 years 10 months; mean age 11 months; mean weight at surgery 7...
October 2015: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
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