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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214442/hydrothermal-liquefaction-of-sewage-sludge-under-isothermal-and-fast-conditions
#1
Lili Qian, Shuzhong Wang, Phillip E Savage
We investigated the effects of water loading, sludge moisture content, recovery solvent, and additives on the product yields and compositions from isothermal (673K, 60min) and fast (773K, 1min) hydrothermal liquefaction (HTL) of sewage sludge. The water loading (which affects pressure within the reactor) plays a small role in product yields. The sludge moisture content had a larger effect with the highest biocrude yields (26.8wt% from isothermal HTL and 27.5wt% from fast HTL) being produced from sludge that was 85wt% moisture...
February 8, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214435/evaluation-of-fertility-after-operative-hysteroscopy-to-remove-retained-products-of-conception
#2
Louise Sonnier, Antoine Torre, Pauline Broux, Arnaud Fauconnier, Cyrille Huchon
: Evaluation of fertility after operative hysteroscopy to remove retained products of conception. OBJECTIVE: To study fertility after operative hysteroscopy for the management of prolonged trophoblastic retention, and the complications of this procedure. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort in a university hospital. RESULTS: 115 patients underwent operative hysteroscopy for the treatment of prolonged post-partum and post-abortum retention between January 2008 and December 2011...
February 6, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214384/placental-pathology-in-hiv-infection-at-term-a-comparison-with-hiv-uninfected-women
#3
Emma Kalk, Pawel Schubert, Julie A Bettinger, Mark F Cotton, Monika Esser, Amy Slogrove, Colleen A Wright
OBJECTIVES: To describe and correlate placental characteristics from pregnancies in HIV-infected and HIV-negative women with maternal and infant clinical and immunological data. METHODS: Prospective descriptive study of placentas from term, uncomplicated vaginal births in a cohort of HIV-infected (n=120) and HIV-negative (n=103) women in Cape Town, South Africa. Microscopic and macroscopic features were used to determine pathological cluster diagnoses. The majority of HIV-infected women received some form of drug treatment for the prevention of vertical transmission of HIV...
February 18, 2017: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214361/identification-of-arabidopsis-genic-and-non-genic-promoters-by-paired-end-sequencing-of-tss-tags
#4
Mutsutomo Tokizawa, Kazutaka Kusunoki, Hiroyuki Koyama, Atsushi Kurotani, Tetsuya Sakurai, Yutaka Suzuki, Tomoaki Sakamoto, Tetsuya Kurata, Yoshiharu Y Yamamoto
Information about transcription start sites (TSSs) provides foundational data for analyses of promoter architecture. In this report, we used paired- and single-end deep sequencing to analyze Arabidopsis TSS tags from several libraries prepared from roots, shoots, flowers, and etiolated seedlings. The clustering of approximately 33 million mapped TSS tags led to the identification of 324,461 promoters that covered 79.7% (21,672/27,206) of protein-coding genes in the Arabidopsis genome. In addition, we identified intragenic, antisense, and Orphan promoters that were not associated with any gene models...
February 18, 2017: Plant Journal: for Cell and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214352/gastro-oesophageal-reflux-in-patients-with-chronic-rhino-sinusitis-investigated-with-multichannel-impedance-ph-monitoring
#5
(no author information available yet)
INTRODUCTION: The pathophysiology of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is unclear. It has been discussed for decades whether gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR) may be a contributing factor for some patients. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the level of GOR in an unselected group of patients with CRS using multichannel impedance-pH monitoring. METHODS: Consecutive patients with CRS diagnosed using the EPOS2012 criteria, completed questionnaires on GOR symptoms and were offered 24-h multichannel intraluminal impedance (MII)-pH monitoring...
February 18, 2017: Rhinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214338/sciatic-neuropathy-due-to-popliteal-fossa-nerve-block
#6
Adam Aubuchon, W David Arnold, Anna Bracewell, J Chad Hoyle
INTRODUCTION: Sciatic neuropathy following popliteal nerve block (PNB) for regional anesthesia is considered uncommon but has been increasingly recognized in the literature. We identified a case of sciatic neuropathy that occurred after bunionectomy during which a PNB had been performed. METHODS: To understand the frequency of PNB-related sciatic neuropathy we performed a retrospective review of sciatic neuropathies at our center over a five year period. RESULTS: Forty-five cases of sciatic neuropathy were reviewed...
February 18, 2017: Muscle & Nerve
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214317/%C3%A3-gdv-jahrestagung-2016-25-27-november-2016-hofburg-wien
#7
Angelika Stary, Claudia Heller-Vitouch
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2017: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214296/abnormally-high-and-heterogeneous-bone-matrix-mineralization-after-childhood-solid-organ-transplantation-a-complex-pathology-of-low-bone-turnover-and-local-defects-in-mineralization
#8
Nadja Fratzl-Zelman, Helena Valta, Renata C Pereira, Barbara M Misof, Paul Roschger, Hannu Jalanko, Kathrine Wesseling-Perry, Klaus Klaushofer, Outi Mäkitie
Chronic renal, liver and heart failure in children associates with multiple skeletal complications. Increased fracture incidence often persists after transplantation and could be related to alterations in bone material properties. In the present cohort study we evaluated bone mineralization density distribution (BMDD) by quantitative backscattered electron imaging (qBEI) in 23 pediatric solid organ allograft recipients with suspected osteoporosis. We measured BMDD in the entire cross-sectional area of transiliac bone biopsies obtained from kidney (n = 9), liver (n = 9) and heart (n = 5) transplant recipients (aged 7...
February 18, 2017: Journal of Bone and Mineral Research: the Official Journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214166/sleeve-gastrectomy-in-the-elderly-a-case-control-study-with-long-term-follow-up-of-3-years
#9
Andrés Navarrete, Ricard Corcelles, Gabriel Diaz Del Gobbo, Sofía Perez, Josep Vidal, Antonio Lacy
BACKGROUND: Advanced age is considered to be a relative contraindication to bariatric surgery because of increased perioperative risk and suboptimal excess weight loss. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to analyze the safety and effectiveness of the sleeve gastrectomy (SG) procedure in a cohort of elderly patients (aged≥60 yr) compared with younger patients (aged<60 yr). SETTING: Hospital clinic, Barcelona, Spain. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of all cases of SG in patients≥60 years old between January 2006 and December 2012 was performed...
December 14, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214142/-a-case-of-rhinofacial-entomophthoromycosis-in-soudano-sahelian-tropical-climate-in-burkina-faso
#10
S Bamba, V Konsegré, A Zida, I Sangaré, M Cissé, R Beogo, B Diallo, J B Andonaba, R T Guiguemdé
We describe a rhinofacial entomophthoramycosis case in a sexagenarian (65 years old) housewife. She was immunocompetent and resident of Burkina Faso. She consulted both the service of dermatology and the service of stomatology of the Teaching Hospital of Bobo-Dioulasso in February 2016 for a diffuse facial tumefaction evolving over six months. This tumefaction was associated with headaches and a left nasal obstruction. Histological examination of the lesion showed an important and polymorphic inflammatory reaction...
February 14, 2017: Journal de Mycologie Médicale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214076/erratum-to-a-triple-exon-skipping-luciferase-reporter-assay-identifies-a-new-clk-inhibitor-pharmacophore-bioorg-med-chem-lett-27-2017-406-412
#11
Yihui Shi, Jaehyeon Park, Chandraiah Lagisetti, Wei Zhou, Lidia C Sambucetti, Thomas R Webb
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 14, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214024/long-term-outcomes-of-endolymphatic-sac-shunting-with-local-steroids-for-meniere-s-disease
#12
Cameron C Wick, Nauman F Manzoor, Caileigh McKenna, Maroun T Semaan, Cliff A Megerian
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the long-term efficacy of endolymphatic sac shunt techniques with and without local steroid administration. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series and patient survey. SETTING: Tertiary university hospital. PATIENTS: Meniere's disease (MD) patients that failed medical therapy and subsequently underwent an endolymphatic sac shunt procedure. All patients had definitive or probable MD and at least 18-months of follow-up...
January 20, 2017: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213940/estimating-mating-rates-in-wild-drosophila-melanogaster-females-by-decay-rates-of-male-reproductive-proteins-in-their-reproductive-tracts
#13
Thomas J Giardina, Andrew G Clark, Anthony C Fiumera
Female Drosophila melanogaster frequently mate with multiple males in nature as shown through parentage analysis. Although polyandry is well documented, we know little about the timing between mating events in wild Drosophila populations due to the challenge of following behaviors of individual females. In this study we used the presence of a male reproductive protein that is transferred to the female during mating (Sex Peptide, SP) to determine whether she had recently mated. We sampled females throughout the day, conducted control matings to determine the decay rate of SP within the female reproductive tract and performed computer simulations to fit the observed proportion of mated females to a non-homogenous Poisson process that defined the expected time between successive matings for a given female...
February 18, 2017: Molecular Ecology Resources
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213895/safety-of-implantation-of-a-leadless-pacemaker-via-femoral-approach-in-the-presence-of-an-inferior-vena-cava-filter
#14
Muhammad R Afzal, Janice Ackers, John D Hummel, Ralph Augostini
A 61-year-old woman with symptomatic complete heart block was referred for permanent pacemaker. The presence of a left sided arteriovenous fistula and right sided mastectomy with lymph node dissection precluded the implantation of a trans-venous pacemaker and therefore, a leadless pacemaker was recommended. The patient also had an inferior vena cava (IVC) filter. The passage of a 27 French introducer sheath housing the leadless pacemaker through IVC filter was carefully visualized under fluoroscopy and advanced to the right ventricle without any compromise to the filter...
February 17, 2017: Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology: PACE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213877/improved-control-of-hypertension-following-laparoscopic-fundoplication-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease
#15
Zhiwei Hu, Meiping Chen, Jimin Wu, Qing Song, Chao Yan, Xing Du, Zhonggao Wang
This study aims to determine whether successful laparoscopic fundoplication for gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) can improve the control of hypertension. We conducted an observational study of GERD patients with hypertension. The esophageal and gastroesophageal symptoms of these patients were successfully treated with laparoscopic fundoplication, as measured by the reduced GERD symptoms and proton pump inhibitor consumption. A hypertension control scale was used to classify the use of antihypertensive medications and the quality of blood pressure control before and after anti-reflux surgery...
February 17, 2017: Frontiers of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213782/prognosis-of-residual-axillary-disease-after-neoadjuvant-chemotherapy-in-clinically-node-positive-breast-cancer-patients-isolated-tumor-cells-and-micrometastases-carry-a-better-prognosis-than-macrometastases
#16
T J A van Nijnatten, J M Simons, M Moossdorff, L de Munck, M B I Lobbes, C C van der Pol, L B Koppert, E J T Luiten, M L Smidt
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to compare disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) between clinically node-positive breast cancer patients, treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC), with axillary pathologic complete response (ypN0), residual axillary isolated tumor cells or micrometastases (ypNitc/mi), and residual axillary macrometastases (ypN1-3). METHODS: All patients diagnosed with clinically node-positive primary invasive breast cancer treated with NAC and subsequent axillary lymph node dissection between 2005 and 2008 were retrospectively analyzed...
February 17, 2017: Breast Cancer Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213753/electrophysiologic-studies-on-the-risks-and-potential-mechanism-underlying-the-proarrhythmic-nature-of-azithromycin
#17
Mengdan Zhang, Ming Xie, Sha Li, Ying Gao, Shuyin Xue, Huili Huang, Kesu Chen, Fuming Liu, Long Chen
The mechanisms underlying arrhythmia induced by the clinical use of azithromycin are poorly understood. We aimed to investigate the proarrhythmic effects of azithromycin using electrocardiogram (ECG) and ion channel models. In vivo and in vitro guinea pig ECG and current and voltage clamp recordings were carried out. Azithromycin at 114.6 mg/kg (three times the clinically relevant dose) reduced heart rate (HR) and prolonged the PR, QRS and rate-corrected QT (QTc) intervals of guinea pig ECG in vivo. In vitro technique revealed that azithromycin at 207...
February 17, 2017: Cardiovascular Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213748/immobilization-of-irpex-lacteus-to-liquid-core-alginate-beads-and-their-application-to-degradation-of-pollutants
#18
Jan Šíma, Rachel Milne, Čeněk Novotný, Pavel Hasal
White rot fungi (WRF) are applicable to biodegradation of recalcitrant pollutants. However, excessive biomass growth typical for WRF cultivation can hinder their large scale applications. Therefore, immobilization of Irpex lacteus to liquid-core alginate beads restricting excessive mycelium growth and simultaneously keeping high degradation rate of pollutants was tested. Effective diffusivities of dyes to the beads varied from (2.98 ± 0.69) × 10(-10) to (10.27 ± 2.60) × 10(-10) m(2)/s. Remazol Brilliant Blue R (RBBR), Reactive Orange 16 (RO16), and Naphthol Blue Black (NBB) were used as model dyes...
February 17, 2017: Folia Microbiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213730/impact-of-baseline-visceral-fat-accumulation-on-prognosis-in-patients-with-metastatic-renal-cell-carcinoma-treated-with-systemic-therapy
#19
Ryuichi Mizuno, Akira Miyajima, Taizo Hibi, Aya Masuda, Toshiaki Shinojima, Eiji Kikuchi, Masahiro Jinzaki, Mototsugu Oya
The aim of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of visceral fat accumulation as a prognostic factor in patients with metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) treated with systemic therapies. A total of 114 patients were retrospectively reviewed. All patients received systemic therapy for mRCC at Keio University hospital in Japan. The intra-abdominal visceral fat area was determined by computed tomography at the umbilical level. The visceral fat accumulation was defined as ≥100 cm(2). The mean visceral fat area was 107...
April 2017: Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213711/implantable-cardioverter-defibrillators-for-primary-prevention-in-dilated-cardiomyopathy-post-danish-an-updated-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#20
Georg Wolff, Yingfeng Lin, Athanasios Karathanos, Maximilian Brockmeyer, Susanne Wolters, Bernd Nowak, Alexander Fürnkranz, Hisaki Makimoto, Malte Kelm, Volker Schulze
BACKGROUND: Sudden cardiac death (SCD) is frequent in patients with heart failure due to dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Implantable cardioverter/defibrillator (ICD) device therapy is currently used for primary prevention. However, publication of the DANISH trial has recently given reason for doubt, showing no significant improvement in all-cause mortality in comparison to contemporary medical therapy. METHODS: We performed a meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials comparing ICD therapy to medical therapy (MT) for primary prevention in DCM...
February 17, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
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