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Yuncheng Du, Dongping Du, Yuncheng Du, Dongping Du, Dongping Du, Yuncheng Du
Cardiac potassium (K+) channel plays an important role in cardiac electrical signaling. Mathematical models have been widely used to investigate the effects of K+ channels on cardiac functions. However, the model of K+ channel involves parametric uncertainties, which can be induced by fitting the model's parameters that best capture experimental data. Since the prediction of cardiac functions are highly parameter-dependent, it is critical to quantify the influence of parametric uncertainty on the model responses to provide the more reliable predictions...
August 2016: Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society
Matthias Tesch, Sergej Kudruk, Matthias Letzel, Armido Studer
Nitroxide Mediated Polymerization (NMP) was applied to prepare alternating copolymers using 1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoroisopropyl acrylate (HFIPA) 1 and ((6-trimethylsilyl)-hex-5-yn-1-yl)vinyl ether (THVE) 2 as monomers. The alternating sequence of the resulting poly(HFIPA-alt-THVE) 3 was proved via tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) and further supported by 1H NMR spectroscopy. Alternating alkyne and activated ester moieties of copolymer 3 were further functionalized with organic azides and amines using sequential Cu-catalyzed azide-alkyne click (CuAAC) and amidation reactions, providing dually functionalized poly(acrylamide-alt-triazole) polymers 5...
February 22, 2017: Chemistry: a European Journal
Bo Cao, Jeffrey A Stanley, Ives Cavalcante Passos, Benson Mwangi, Sudhakar Selvaraj, Giovana B Zunta-Soares, Jair C Soares
Previous studies have found increased levels of choline-containing compounds [ie, glycerophosphocholine plus phosphocholine (GPC+PC)] in bipolar disorder using in vivo proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (¹H MRS), especially in bipolar I disorder (BD-I). Increased levels of GPC+PC suggest alterations in the membrane phospholipids metabolism in bipolar disorder. Rapid cycling (RC) bipolar disorder is considered as a severe course of bipolar disorder, but it is unclear whether rapid cycling bipolar disorder is linked to highly altered membrane phospholipid metabolism...
February 21, 2017: Neuropsychopharmacology: Official Publication of the American College of Neuropsychopharmacology
John T Manning, Alexey V Seregin, Nadezhda E Yun, Takaaki Koma, Cheng Huang, José Barral, Juan C de la Torre, Slobodan Paessler
Junin virus (JUNV), a highly pathogenic New World arenavirus, is the causative agent of Argentine hemorrhagic fever (AHF). The live-attenuated Candid #1 (Can) strain currently serves as a vaccine for at-risk populations. We have previously shown that the Can glycoprotein (GPC) gene is the primary gene responsible for attenuation in a guinea pig model of AHF. However, the mechanisms through which the GPC contributes to the attenuation of the Can strain remain unknown. A more complete understanding of the mechanisms underlying the attenuation and immunogenicity of the Can strain will potentially allow for the rational design of additional safe and novel vaccines...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular and Infection Microbiology
Nurul Atiqah Sa'don, Afidah Abdul Rahim, M Hazwan Hussin
This article reports on the structural characteristics and antioxidant activity of unmodified autohydrolyzed ethanol organosolv lignin (AH EOL) extracted from oil palm fronds (OPF) and modified autohydrolyzed ethanol organosolv lignin via incorporation of p-nitrophenol (AHNP EOL). The isolated lignin were analyzed by FTIR, (1)H and (13)C NMR spectroscopy, 2D NMR; HSQC and HMBC, CHN analysis, molecular weight distribution using GPC analyzer, thermal analysis; TGA and DSC. The chemical modification by utilizing an organic scavenger during delignification process provided smaller lignin fragments and enhanced the solubility of lignin by reducing its hydrophobicity properties...
February 4, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Iván Hernández-Caravaca, Pedro J Llamas-López, M José Izquierdo-Rico, Cristina Soriano-Úbeda, Carmen Matás, Juan C Gardón, Francisco A García-Vázquez
Post-cervical (pC) artificial insemination (AI) has been successfully developed for application in multiparous sows, although it has proved problematic in gilts. This study analyzes the use of pC-AI in gilts by two experiments. In the first experiment, the efficiency of pC-AI in gilts was evaluated using a multi-ring multiparous catheter (MpC), which led to 23.1% of the gilts being successfully inseminated. In gilts where insemination was not possible using an MpC, two alternatives were applied before a second attempt at insemination: 1) Vetrabutin Chlorhydrate (VC) was intramuscularly injected in order to relax the cervix; or 2) Warm extender (WE) was deposited in the cervix to modify the cervical muscle dynamics...
March 1, 2017: Theriogenology
Pierre-Luc Cloutier, Frédérik Fortin, Paule Emilie Groleau, Pauline Brousseau, Michel Fournier, Mélanie Desrosiers
In this study, a fast and rugged method is presented for the analysis of PCBs, PAHs, PBDEs and PCDD/Fs in biological tissues using a simple Quick, Easy, Cheap, Efficient, Rugged and Safe (QuEChERS) extraction and a clean-up by Gel Permeation Chromatography (GPC) and silica Solid Phase Extraction (SPE). Development was performed on blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) and Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) for evaluation of two ranges of lipid and water content of biological tissues. Statistical validation was performed with Atlantic salmon samples...
April 1, 2017: Talanta
Frank David, Christophe Devos, Emmie Dumont, Zhen Yang, Pat Sandra, José Fernando Huertas-Pérez
Two low-pressure columns (Bio-Beads SX-3) and three high-pressure GPC columns were compared for clean-up of a wide range of pesticides in fatty matrices of vegetable or animal origin. The GPC fractions were analyzed by GC-MS/MS and LC-MS/MS without additional clean-up. The performance of the GPC clean-up on the five column types was compared in terms of solvent consumption, lipid removal, pesticide recovery and repeatability. It was found that for fatty matrices, mainly consisting of high molecular weight triglycerides i...
April 1, 2017: Talanta
Pan Li, Junhui Zhou, Pingsheng Huang, Chuangnian Zhang, Weiwei Wang, Chen Li, Deling Kong
Antigen uptake by dendritic cells (DCs) is a key step for initiating antigen-specific T cell immunity. In the present study, novel synthetic polymeric nanoparticles were prepared as antigen delivery vehicles to improve the antigen uptake by DCs. Well-defined cationic and acid-responsive copolymers, monomethoxy poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(2-(diisopropyl amino) ethyl methacrylate)-block-poly(2-(guanidyl) ethyl methacrylate) (mPEG-b-PDPA-b-PGEM, PEDG) were synthesized by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization of 2-(diisopropylamino)ethyl methacrylate) and N-(tert-butoxycarbonyl) amino ethyl methacrylate monomers, followed by deprotection of tert-butyl protective groups and guanidinylation of obtained primary amines...
February 2017: Regenerative Biomaterials
Nikita Vasudeva, Prem Singh Nirwan, Preeti Shrivastava
BACKGROUND: Invasion of the bloodstream by microorganisms constitutes one of the most serious situations in infectious disease. Microorganisms present in circulating blood whether continuously, intermittently, or transiently are a threat to every organ in the body. Prevalence and antimicrobial susceptibility of microorganisms vary depending upon the geography and the use of antibiotics. METHODS: A cross-sectional study to determine the prevalent organisms causing bloodstream infection was conducted...
October 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Infectious Disease
Marufa Sultana, Rashidul Alam Mahumud, Nausad Ali, Sayem Ahmed, Ziaul Islam, Jahangir A M Khan, Abdur Razzaque Sarker
BACKGROUND: Despite high rates of antenatal care and relatively good access to health facilities, maternal and neonatal mortality remain high in Bangladesh. There is an immediate need for implementation of evidence-based, cost-effective interventions to improve maternal and neonatal health outcomes. The aim of the study is to assess the effect of the intervention namely Group Prenatal Care (GPC) on utilization of standard number of antenatal care, post natal care including skilled birth attendance and institutional deliveries instead of usual care...
January 31, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Lars Erik Kristensen, Tanja S Jørgensen, Robin Christensen, Henrik Gudbergsen, Lene Dreyer, Christine Ballegaard, Lennart T H Jacobsson, Vibeke Strand, Philip J Mease, Jakob Kjellberg
OBJECTIVES: To comprehensively study the comorbidities, healthcare and public transfer (allowance) costs in patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) before and after diagnosis. METHODS: Nationwide cohort study, using data from Danish registries from January 1998 through December 2014. A total of 10 525 patients with PsA and 20 777 matched general population comparator (GPC) subjects were included. Societal costs, employment status and occurrence of comorbidities in patients with PsA both before and after diagnosis were compared with GPC subjects...
January 30, 2017: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Thomas Frenzel, Chirag Apte, Gregor Jost, Laura Schöckel, Jessica Lohrke, Hubertus Pietsch
OBJECTIVE: Multiple clinical and preclinical studies have reported a signal intensity increase and the presence of gadolinium (Gd) in the brain after repeated administration of Gd-based contrast agents (GBCAs). This bioanalytical study in rat brain tissue was initiated to investigate whether the residual Gd is present as intact GBCA or in other chemical forms by using tissue fractionation and chromatography. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Rats were divided randomly in 6 groups of 10 animals each...
January 25, 2017: Investigative Radiology
Venkata R Naidu, Rucha S Deshpande, Moinuddin R Syed, Pravin S Wakte
A direct imaging system (Eyecon™) was used as a Process Analytical Technology (PAT) tool to monitor fluid bed coating process. Eyecon™ generated real-time onscreen images, particle size and shape information of two identically manufactured lab-scale batches. Eyecon™ has accuracy of measuring the particle size increase of ± 1 μm on particles in the size range of 50-3000 μm. Eyecon™ captured data every 2 seconds during the entire process. The moving average of D90 particle size values recorded by Eyecon™ were calculated for every 30 minutes to calculate the radial coating thickness of coated particles...
January 25, 2017: Pharmaceutical Development and Technology
Caroline S Dos-Anjos, Priscila B M Candido, Victor D L Rosa, Rodrigo E Costa, Fernanda R C B Neves, André F Junqueira-Santos, Marysia M R P De-Carlo, Fernanda M Peria, Nereida K C Lima
PURPOSE: Chemotherapy is indicated for patients with metastatic malignancy in order to improve quality of life and in some cases to increase survival. However, the greatest difficulty regarding the choice of treatment is to evaluate the clinical benefit and intrinsic toxicity of each procedure. The best strategy is the integration between oncology and palliative care, which is still mostly insufficient. The main objective of this study was to assess time to palliative care referral for cancer patients with advanced local or metastatic disease and to investigate the impact of covariates on this relationship...
January 24, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Aniruddha Pal, Sagar Pal
Herein an amphiphilic graft copolymer has been synthesized from tamarind gum and poly (methyl methacrylate) (g-TKP/pMMA) using atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP) in presence of CuBr/bpy catalyst. Structural and surface properties of the copolymer have been investigated using (1)H NMR and FTIR spectra, DLS, TGA and FESEM analyses. The controlled and living nature of polymerization reaction has been explored using GPC analysis, while the gel characteristics of the copolymer has been analysed by rheological study...
March 15, 2017: Carbohydrate Polymers
Ganesan Sathiyanarayanan, Shashi Kant Bhatia, Hun-Suk Song, Jong-Min Jeon, Junyoung Kim, Yoo Kyung Lee, Yun-Gon Kim, Yung-Hun Yang
Arctic psychrotrophic bacterium Pseudomonas sp. PAMC 28620 was found to produce a distinctive medium-chain-length polyhydroxyalkanoate (MCL-PHA) copolymer when grown on structurally unrelated carbon sources including glycerol. The maximum MCL-PHA copolymer yield was obtained about 52.18±4.12% from 7.95±0.66g/L of biomass at 144h of fermentation when 3% glycerol was used as sole carbon and energy source during the laboratory-scale bioreactor process. Characterization of the copolymer was carried out using fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS), proton ((1)H) and carbon ((13)C) nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR), gel permeation chromatography (GPC), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) and thermo-gravimetric analysis (TGA)...
April 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Rachel B Brouillette, Elisabeth K Phillips, Natarajan Ayithan, Wendy Maury
: The glycoprotein complex (GPC) of arenaviruses, composed of stable signal peptide (SSP), GP1, and GP2, is the only antigen correlated with antibody-mediated neutralization. However, despite strong cross-reactivity of convalescent antisera between related arenavirus species, weak or no cross-neutralization occurs. Two closely related Clade B viruses, Machupo virus (MACV) and Junín virus (JUNV), have near identical overall GPC architecture and share a host receptor, transferrin receptor 1...
January 18, 2017: Journal of Virology
Barbara Michiels, Van Kinh Nguyen, Samuel Coenen, Philippe Ryckebosch, Nathalie Bossuyt, Niel Hens
BACKGROUND: Annual influenza epidemics significantly burden health care. Anticipating them allows for timely preparation. The Scientific Institute of Public Health in Belgium (WIV-ISP) monitors the incidence of influenza and influenza-like illnesses (ILIs) and reports on a weekly basis. General practitioners working in out-of-hour cooperatives (OOH GPCs) register diagnoses of ILIs in an instantly accessible electronic health record (EHR) system. This article has two objectives: to explore the possibility of modelling seasonal influenza epidemics using EHR ILI data from the OOH GPC Deurne-Borgerhout, Belgium, and to attempt to develop a model accurately predicting new epidemics to complement the national influenza surveillance by WIV-ISP...
January 18, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
Mauro Montalbano, Jeremias Georgiadis, Ashlyn L Masterson, Joshua T McGuire, Janika Prajapati, Ali Shirafkan, Cristiana Rastellini, Luca Cicalese
Glypican-3 (GPC-3), a transmembrane heparan sulfate proteoglycan (HSPG), has recently been investigated as a player in tissue-dependent cellular signaling, specifically as a regulator of growth. Noteworthy, the regulatory protein has been implicated in both stimulatory and inhibitory pathways involving cell growth. Initially, GPC-3 was thought to act as a cell cycle regulator, as a loss-of-function mutation in the gene caused a hyper-proliferative state known as Simpson-Golabi-Behmel (SGB) overgrowth syndrome...
January 18, 2017: Oncology Reports
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