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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527832/-we-are-all-there-for-the-same-purpose-support-for-an-integrated-community-exercise-program-for-older-adults-with-hf-and-copd
#1
Laura Desveaux, Samantha Harrison, Annemarie Lee, Sunita Mathur, Roger Goldstein, Dina Brooks
BACKGROUND: Despite well-established improvements following rehabilitation, functional gains often diminish following discharge. OBJECTIVE: To explore the attitudes of older adults with HF and COPD, who have completed rehabilitation, toward community-based exercise maintenance. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 11 individuals with HF or COPD. RESULTS: Deductive thematic analysis uncovered three themes: 1) transitioning to community exercise is challenging, highlighting participants' struggle with unstructured maintenance and a lack of appropriate programs; 2) a structured, group-based program tailored to functional ability facilitates adherence, describing participants views on the importance of routine, and accountability; and 3) "We are all there for the same purpose" - participant support for integrated exercise, including the benefit of multiple perspectives and sustainability...
May 17, 2017: Heart & Lung: the Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527234/impaired-postural-balance-correlates-with-complex-walking-performance-in-mildly-disabled-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis
#2
John Brincks, Elisabeth Due Andersen, Henrik Sørensen, Ulrik Dalgas
BACKGROUND: It is relevant to understand the possible influence of impaired postural balance on walking performance in multiple sclerosis (MS) gait rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: We expected associations between impaired postural balance and complex walking performance in mildly disabled persons with MS, but not in healthy controls. METHODS: Thirteen persons with MS (Expanded Disability Status Scale = 2.5) and 13 healthy controls' walking performance were measured at fast walking speed, Timed Up & Go and Timed 25 Feet Walking...
May 13, 2017: NeuroRehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526673/the-effectiveness-of-a-computer-game-based-rehabilitation-platform-for-children-with-cerebral-palsy-protocol-for-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#3
Anuprita Kanitkar, Tony Szturm, Sanjay Parmar, Dorcas Bc Gandhi, Gina Ruth Rempel, Gayle Restall, Monika Sharma, Amitesh Narayan, Jeyaraj Pandian, Nilashri Naik, Ravi R Savadatti, Mahesh Appasaheb Kamate
BACKGROUND: It is difficult to engage young children with cerebral palsy (CP) in repetitive, tedious therapy. As such, there is a need for innovative approaches and tools to motivate these children. We developed the low-cost, computer game-based rehabilitation platform CGR that combines fine manipulation and gross movement exercises with attention and planning game activities appropriate for young children with CP. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to provide evidence of the therapeutic value of CGR to improve upper extremity (UE) motor function for children with CP...
May 18, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526329/a-behaviour-change-intervention-to-reduce-sedentary-time-in-people-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
Sonia Wing Mei Cheng, Jennifer Alison, Sarah Dennis, Emmanuel Stamatakis, Lissa Spencer, Renae McNamara, Susan Sims, Zoe McKeough
INTRODUCTION: Replacing sedentary behaviour with light intensity physical activity (ie, activities classified as less than three metabolic equivalents, such as slow-paced walking) may be a more realistic strategy for reducing cardiometabolic risk in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease than only aiming to increase levels of moderate-vigorous intensity physical activity. Behaviour change interventions to reduce sedentary behaviour in people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease have not yet been developed or tested...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525464/the-cardiac-rehabilitation-model-improves-fitness-quality-of-life-and-depression-in-breast-cancer-survivors
#5
Lianne B Dolan, Danielle Barry, Teresa Petrella, Lindsay Davey, Ann Minnes, Allison Yantzi, Susan Marzolini, Paul Oh
PURPOSE: Exercise is a demonstrated, therapeutic strategy for cancer survivors to minimize many treatment-induced side effects and may decrease risk of recurrence. Nonetheless, structured programs that combine exercise and education are not yet standardized within cancer care. The Health, Exercise, Active Living, Therapeutic lifestyle (HEALTh) program is a clinical exercise program based on the established cardiac rehabilitation model, but customized for female breast cancer survivors...
May 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525311/telerehabilitation-of-patients-with-injuries-of-the-lower-extremities
#6
Andriy I Tsvyakh, Andriy J Hospodarskyy
INTRODUCTION: Timely access to orthopedic rehabilitation is an important problem for the Ukrainian healthcare system. The international orthopedic community aims to achieve the best possible outcome for patient care by modifying rehabilitation methods and using telemedicine technology. The theme of this article is to discuss the integration of telemedicine technology in the rehabilitation of patients with injuries of the lower extremities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Consecutive patients were recruited over a 2-year period...
May 19, 2017: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524732/investigating-the-needs-and-wants-of-healthcare-providers-for-promoting-exercise-in-persons-with-multiple-sclerosis-a-qualitative-study
#7
Yvonne C Learmonth, Brynn C Adamson, Julia M Balto, Chung-Yi Chiu, Isabel M Molina-Guzman, Marcia Finlayson, Elizabeth A Barstow, Robert W Motl
PURPOSE: We undertook a qualitative study that explored the needs of healthcare providers for promoting exercise behaviour among persons with mild or moderate multiple sclerosis (MS). METHODS: We used interpretive description methodology, and conducted semi-structured interviews with Neurologists (n = 13), occupational therapists (n = 10), physical therapists (n = 11), and nurses (n = 10). The interviews were analysed using thematic analysis. RESULTS: We identified three themes with multiple subthemes regarding exercise promotion by healthcare providers...
May 19, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520962/systematic-short-term-pulmonary-rehabilitation-before-lung-cancer-lobectomy-a-randomized-trial
#8
Yutian Lai, Jianhua Su, Peiyuan Qiu, Mingming Wang, Kun Zhou, Yuxin Tang, Guowei Che
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this study was to assess the impact of a preoperative 1-week, systematic, high-intensity inpatient exercise regimen on patients with lung cancer who had risk factors for postoperative pulmonary complications (PPCs). METHODS: We conducted a randomized controlled trial with 101 subjects of a preoperative, 7-day systematic, integrated, high-intensity pulmonary exercise regimen. The control group received standard preoperative care. We analysed the occurrence of PPCs in both groups as the primary outcome; other outcomes included changes in blood gas, quality of life, peak expiratory flow rate, the 6-min walk distance and others...
May 17, 2017: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28516252/chronic-eccentric-arm-cycling-improves-maximum-upper-body-strength-and-power
#9
Steven J Elmer, Dakota J Anderson, Travis R Wakeham, Matthew A Kilgas, John J Durocher, Stan L Lindstedt, Paul C LaStayo
INTRODUCTION: Eccentric leg cycling (cycle ergometry adapted to impose muscle lengthening contractions) offers an effective exercise for restoring lower-body muscular function, maintaining health, and improving performance in clinical and athletic populations. PURPOSE: We extended this model to the upper body and evaluated the effectiveness of a 7-week eccentric arm cycling (ECCarm) intervention to improve upper-body muscular function. We also explored whether ECCarm would alter arterial function...
May 17, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515984/improving-the-reporting-of-therapeutic-exercise-interventions-in-rehabilitation-research
#10
Phil Page, Barb Hoogenboom, Michael Voight
The foundation of evidence-based practice lies in clinical research, which is based on the utilization of the scientific method. The scientific method requires that all details of the experiment be provided in publications to support replication of the study in order to evaluate and validate the results. More importantly, clinical research can only be translated into practice when researchers provide explicit details of the study. Too often, rehabilitation exercise intervention studies lack the appropriate detail to allow clinicians to replicate the exercise protocol in their patient populations...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515981/a-six-week-supervised-exercise-and-educational-intervention-after-total-hip-arthroplasty-a-case-series
#11
Federico Pozzi, Kathleen Madara, Joseph A Zeni
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Most rehabilitation interventions after total hip arthroplasty (THA) are not designed to return patients to high-levels of physical activity and, thus, low levels of physical activity and residual weakness are common. The purpose of this case series was to describe the feasibility and preliminary efficacy of an exercise and education intervention for patients after THA who have already completed formal outpatient physical therapy. STUDY DESIGN: Case series...
April 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515057/delaying-acl-reconstruction-and-treating-with-exercise-therapy-alone-may-alter-prognostic-factors-for-5-year-outcome-an-exploratory-analysis-of-the-kanon-trial
#12
Stephanie R Filbay, Ewa M Roos, Richard B Frobell, Frank Roemer, Jonas Ranstam, L Stefan Lohmander
AIM: Identify injury-related, patient-reported and treatment-related prognostic factors for 5-year outcomes in acutely ACL-ruptured individuals managed with early reconstruction plus exercise therapy, exercise therapy plus delayed reconstruction or exercise therapy alone. METHODS: Exploratory analysis of the Knee Anterior Cruciate Ligament, Nonsurgical versus Surgical Treatment (KANON) trial (ISRCTN84752559). Relationships between prognostic factors (baseline cartilage, meniscus and osteochondral damage, baseline extension deficit, baseline patient-reported outcomes, number of rehabilitation visits, graft/contralateral ACL rupture, non-ACL surgery and ACL treatment strategy) and 5-year Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS) pain, symptoms, sport/recreation and quality of life (QOL) scores were explored using multivariable linear regression...
May 17, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514873/unpacking-community-mobility-a-preliminary-study-into-the-embodied-experiences-of-stroke-survivors
#13
Christa S Nanninga, Louise Meijering, Klaas Postema, Marleen C Schönherr, Ant T Lettinga
PURPOSE: To enrich the discussion on mobility in stroke rehabilitation by translating theoretical repertoires of mobility from the context of geography to rehabilitation. METHOD: Qualitative research methodology was applied, and included in-depth interviews with stroke survivors. RESULTS: This study revealed: (a) social and material differences in clinical, private and public places; (b) ambivalences and shifting tensions in bodily, family and community life; (c) differences in access to resources to be used for mobility...
May 17, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513525/rehabilitation-effect-of-exercise-with-soft-tissue-manipulation-in-patients-with-lumbar-muscle-strain
#14
H Li, H Zhang, S Liu, Y Wang, D Gai, Q Lu, H Gan, Y Shi, W Qi
OBJECTIVE: To study the rehabilitation effect of exercise with soft tissue manipulation therapy for patients with lumbar muscle strain. METHODS: Patients with lumbar muscle strain who met the inclusion criteria for study were randomly divided into control and experimental groups. Conventional therapy (i.e., triple therapy of needle, moxibustion, and cupping jar) was implemented for control group patients with lumbar muscle strain, whereas the combination therapy of exercise with manipulation was implemented for experimental group patients with lumbar muscle strain...
May 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513407/-cardiac-resynchronization-therapy-who-is-a-candidate-and-who-is-not
#15
M Kloosterman, A H Maass, M Rienstra, I C Van Gelder
- Cardiac resynchronisation therapy (CRT) is a treatment for patients with impaired cardiac pump function (left ventricular ejection fraction ≤ 35%) and a wide QRS complex who, despite maximum tolerated medical therapy, remain symptomatic.- In addition to reducing symptoms, CRT can reduce hospital admissions and improve survival.- Selection of patients for CRT remains difficult. Despite the fact that predicting and influencing success of CRT has improved, ~30% of patients do not respond to the therapy.- Optimizing therapy and follow-up of patients after implantation requires a multidisciplinary approach tailored to the individual patient...
2017: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513324/biomechanical-comparison-of-countermovement-jumps-performed-on-land-and-in-water-age-effects
#16
Talin Louder, Dennis Dolny, Eadric Bressel
CONTEXT: The aquatic environment provides a low impact alternative to land-based exercise and rehabilitation in older adults. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the biomechanics of older adults and young adults performing jumping movements on land and in water. DESIGN AND SETTING: Cross-sectional, mixed-factorial experiment; adjustable-depth pool at sports medicine research facility. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-six young adults (22.0±3.9years) and twelve healthy older adults (57...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513278/infraspinatus-isolation-during-external-rotation-exercise-at-varying-degrees-of-abduction
#17
Gareth Ryan, Heather Johnston, Janice Moreside
CONTEXT: External rotation (ER) strengthening exercises are a common component of shoulder injury prevention and rehabilitation programs. They are primarily intended to target the infraspinatus muscle, based on its role in glenohumeral stabilization and inferior humeral glide. ER also recruits the posterior deltoid, which can be undesirable due to its role in subacromial space narrowing. OBJECTIVE: To determine the angle of humeral abduction that maximizes the infraspinatus to posterior deltoid activation ratio (INFRA/PD) during ER...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511417/effectiveness-of-a-four-week-diet-regimen-exercise-and-psychological-intervention-for-weight-loss
#18
Tobias Weinreich, Hans-Peter Filz, Ursula Gresser, Barbara M Richartz
INTRODUCTION: Obesity is accompanied by restriction in the quality of life and an increased risk of morbidity and mortality. Cardiovascular, orthopedic, and metabolic disorders are among the possible consequences. In the management of obesity, a combination therapy that includes dietary, exercise, and behaviour modules has proven its worth. AIM: To evaluate the effect of weight-associated parameters, circulation associated parameters, glucose metabolism, body composition and life quality changes within a four-week inpatient rehabilitation program...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28509596/joint-moment-angle-properties-of-the-hip-abductors-and-hip-extensors
#19
Curtis Kindel, John Challis
PURPOSE: Strengthening of hip joint musculature is common in the rehabilitation of the lower extremity. However, strength curves for hip abduction and extension have not been assessed when varying the position of the knee. The force-length properties of the biarticular muscles can be affected when altering the position of the knee during the production of hip moments. METHODS: Maximum isometric joint moments were measured at four different angles of hip abduction and hip extension, at the two knee positions (0° and 90°)...
May 16, 2017: Physiotherapy Theory and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508790/development-of-a-multidisciplinary-and-telemedicine-focused-system-database
#20
Richard Paštěka, Mathias Forjan, Stefan Sauermann
BACKGROUND: Tele-rehabilitation at home is one of the promising approaches in increasing rehabilitative success and simultaneously decreasing the financial burden on the healthcare system. OBJECTIVES: Novel and mostly mobile devices are already in use, but shall be used in the future to a higher extent for allowing at home rehabilitation processes at a high quality level. The combination of exercises, assessments and available equipment is the basic objective of the presented database...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
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