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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234566/the-rehabilitation-of-a-runner-with-iliopsoas-tendinopathy-using-an-eccentric-biased-exercise-a-case-report
#1
Carla Rauseo
Background and Purpose: While there is much discussion about tendinopathy in the literature, there is little reference to the less common condition of iliopsoas tendinopathy, and no documentation of the condition in runners. The iliopsoas is a major decelerator of the hip and eccentric loading of the iliopsoas is an important component of energy transfer during running. Eccentric training is a thoroughly researched method of treating tendinopathy but has shown mixed results. The purpose of this case report is to describe the rehabilitation of a runner with iliopsoas tendinopathy, and demonstrate in a creative eccentric-biased technique to assist with treatment...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234556/transversus-abdominis-activation-and-timing-improves-following-core-stability-training-a-randomized-trial
#2
Noelle M Selkow, Molly R Eck, Stephen Rivas
Background: Patients with non-specific low back pain (LBP) often present with a decrease in transversus abdominis (TrA) muscle activation and delayed onset of contraction with extremity movements, potentially contributing to recurrent LBP. Core stability is required for extremity movement and if the timing of when the TrA contracts is not corrected patients may continue to experience LBP. Hypothesis/Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess the effects of a four-week core stability rehabilitation program on TrA activation ratio and when the TrA initiates contraction during upper extremity movements in subjects with and without LBP...
December 2017: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234504/the-effects-of-low-intensity-blood-flow-restricted-exercise-compared-with-conventional-resistance-training-on-the-clinical-outcomes-of-active-uk-military-personnel-following-a-3-week-in-patient-rehabilitation-programme-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-feasibility
#3
Peter Ladlow, Russell J Coppack, Shreshth Dharm-Datta, Dean Conway, Edward Sellon, Stephen D Patterson, Alexander N Bennett
Background: A challenge for rehabilitation practitioners lies in designing optimal exercise programmes that facilitate musculoskeletal (MSK) adaptations whilst simultaneously accommodating biological healing and the safe loading of an injured limb. A growing body of evidence supports the use of resistance training at a reduced load in combination with blood flow restriction (BFR) to enhance hypertrophic and strength responses in skeletal muscle. In-patient rehabilitation has a long tradition in the UK Military, however, the efficacy of low intensity (LI) BFR training has not been tested in this rehabilitation setting...
2017: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234302/home-based-virtual-reality-augmented-training-improves-lower-limb-muscle-strength-balance-and-functional-mobility-following-chronic-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury
#4
Michael Villiger, Jasmin Liviero, Lea Awai, Rahel Stoop, Pawel Pyk, Ron Clijsen, Armin Curt, Kynan Eng, Marc Bolliger
Key factors positively influencing rehabilitation and functional recovery after spinal cord injury (SCI) include training variety, intensive movement repetition, and motivating training tasks. Systems supporting these aspects may provide profound gains in rehabilitation, independent of the subject's treatment location. In the present study, we test the hypotheses that virtual reality (VR)-augmented training at home (i.e., unsupervised) is feasible with subjects with an incomplete SCI (iSCI) and that it improves motor functions such as lower limb muscle strength, balance, and functional mobility...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233141/neck-specific-exercises-with-internet-based-support-compared-to-neck-specific-exercises-at-a-physiotherapy-clinic-for-chronic-whiplash-associated-disorders-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-controlled-multicentre-trial
#5
Anneli Peolsson, Maria Landén Ludvigsson, Gunnel Peterson
BACKGROUND: Globally, neck pain is the fourth most common condition associated with longer periods of living with disability. Annually, approximately 0.3% of the population of Western countries undergo whiplash trauma, and half of those individuals will develop chronic problems with high costs for the individual and society. Evidence for chronic whiplash-associated disorders (WAD) treatment is scarce, though neck-specific training at a physiotherapy clinic twice a week for 12 weeks has demonstrated good results...
December 12, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29233087/stroke-prevention-rehabilitation-intervention-trial-of-exercise-sprite-a-randomised-feasibility-study
#6
Neil Heron, Frank Kee, Jonathan Mant, Philip M Reilly, Margaret Cupples, Mark Tully, Michael Donnelly
BACKGROUND: The value of cardiac rehabilitation (CR) after a transient ischaemic attack (TIA) or minor stroke is untested despite these conditions sharing similar pathology and risk factors to coronary heart disease. We aimed to evaluate the feasibility of conducting a trial of an adapted home-based CR programme, 'The Healthy Brain Rehabilitation Manual', for patients following a TIA/minor stroke, participants' views on the intervention and, to identify the behaviour change techniques (BCTs) used...
December 12, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232263/can-the-critically-ill-patient-generate-sufficient-energy-to-facilitate-exercise-in-the-icu
#7
Danielle E Bear, Selina M Parry, Zudin A Puthucheary
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Trials of physical rehabilitation post critical illness have yet to deliver improved health-related quality of life in critical illness survivors. Muscle mass and strength are lost rapidly in critical illness and a proportion of patients continue to do so resulting in increased mortality and functional disability. Addressing this issue is therefore fundamental for recovery from critical illness. RECENT FINDINGS: Altered mitochondrial function occurs in the critically ill and is likely to result in decreased adenosine tri-phosphate (ATP) production...
December 9, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231159/facet-joint-injections-for-non-specific-low-back-pain-a-feasibility-rct
#8
Saowarat Snidvongs, Rod S Taylor, Alia Ahmad, Simon Thomson, Manohar Sharma, Angela Farr, Deborah Fitzsimmons, Stephanie Poulton, Vivek Mehta, Richard Langford
BACKGROUND: Pain of lumbar facet-joint origin is a common cause of low back pain in adults and may lead to chronic pain and disability, with associated health and socioeconomic implications. The socioeconomic burden includes an inability to return to work resulting in loss of productivity in addition to direct and indirect health-care utilisation costs. Lumbar facet-joints are paired synovial joints between the superior and inferior articular processes of consecutive lumbar vertebrae and between the fifth lumbar vertebra and the sacrum...
December 2017: Health Technology Assessment: HTA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231044/a-systematic-review-of-exercise-and-psychosocial-rehabilitation-interventions-to-improve-health-related-outcomes-in-patients-with-bladder-cancer-undergoing-radical-cystectomy
#9
Elke Rammant, Karel Decaestecker, Renée Bultijnck, Nora Sundahl, Piet Ost, Nele S Pauwels, Benedicte Deforche, Ronny Pieters, Valérie Fonteyne
OBJECTIVE: Summarizing the evidence on the effects of pre- and postoperative exercise and psychosocial rehabilitation interventions on patient-reported outcomes (PROs) and physical fitness in bladder cancer patients undergoing radical cystectomy. DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science and the Physiotherapy Evidence Database were searched independently by two authors from inception until 10 November 2017...
December 1, 2017: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230643/measuring-fear-of-physical-activity-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#10
Jeremia M Hoffmann, Susan Hellwig, Vincent M Brandenburg, Heike Spaderna
PURPOSE: Fear of physical activity (FoPA) has been suggested as a psychological barrier to exercise-based cardiac rehabilitation and everyday physical activity (PA) in patients with heart failure (HF). We evaluated the recently developed Fear of Activity in Situations-Heart Failure (FActS-HF) questionnaire that assesses affective/cognitive fear reactions to situations of varying PA intensities. METHODS: The FActS-HF was given to 132 ambulatory patients with stable HF (67 ± 12 years, 80% men)...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229106/cardiovascular-benefits-from-standard-pulmonary-rehabilitation-are-related-to-baseline-exercise-tolerance-levels-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
Linn E Moore, Bradley W Byers, Desi P Fuhr, Eric Wong, Mohit Bhutani, Michael K Stickland
BACKGROUND: Heightened arterial stiffness is a marker of cardiovascular risk and is elevated in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Physical activity has been shown to reduce arterial stiffness, and our previous work has shown that arterial stiffness is related to physical activity and exercise tolerance in COPD. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether baseline physical activity and exercise tolerance influence the cardiovascular benefits associated with standard COPD outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation (PR)...
November 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228823/current-practice-in-the-rehabilitation-of-complex-regional-pain-syndrome-a-survey-of-practitioners
#12
Caroline Miller, Mark Williams, Peter Heine, Esther Williamson, Neil O'connell
INTRODUCTION: International clinical guidelines for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome recommend a wide range and variation of rehabilitation therapies as the core treatment. It is likely that most therapists employ a range of approaches when managing people with Complex Regional Pain Syndrome but a recent Cochrane review identified little evidence relating to the effectiveness of multi-modal rehabilitation. There is need for up to date trials of rehabilitation for Complex Regional Pain Syndrome, but in order to develop a clear model of best practice that can be rigorously evaluated we need to understand current practice...
December 11, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227881/experiences-with-compulsory-drug-detention-among-people-who-inject-drugs-in-bangkok-thailand-a-qualitative-study
#13
Thomas Kerr, Will Small, Prempreeda Pramoj Na Ayutthaya, Kanna Hayashi
BACKGROUND: Thailand has employed a system of compulsory drug detention centres (CDDCs) where drug users are confined following arrest. Although concerns regarding CDDCs persist, research focused on CDDCs in Thailand is limited. We undertook this study to explore experiences with CDDCs among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Thailand. METHODS: Data were derived from the Mitsampan Community Research Project, a mixed- methods study involving PWID in Bangkok. Between July 2011 and June 2012, semi-structured, in-depth interviews were conducted with PWID who had been exposed to CDDCs...
December 8, 2017: International Journal on Drug Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227869/reliability-of-oscillometric-central-blood-pressure-responses-to-lower-limb-resistance-exercise
#14
Simon Fryer, Keeron Stone, Tabitha Dickson, James Faulkner, Danielle Lambrick, Pablo Corres, Lauren Jerred, Lee Stoner
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Although it is well known that resistance training (RT) is beneficial for patients suffering from a variety of cardiovascular diseases, it remains underutilized as a rehabilitation tool as there is no reliable way to monitor the additional stress placed on the central organs. The current study aimed to determine between-day reliability of central haemodynamic indices using oscillometric pulse wave analysis (PWA) during progressive sub-maximal RT. METHODS: Nineteen healthy young males were tested on 3 different mornings in a fasted state...
December 5, 2017: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227709/a-review-study-on-the-beneficial-effects-of-baduanjin
#15
Liye Zou, Zhujun Pan, Albert Yeung, Saira Talwar, Chaoyi Wang, Yang Liu, Yankai Shu, Xiaoan Chen, Garrett Anthony Thomas
AIM: Baduanjin, a Chinese traditional Qigong exercise that focuses on a mind-body integration, is considered to be an effective exercise in promoting health. Thus, we systematically and critically evaluated the emerging literature relating to the effects of Baduanjin on health outcomes. METHODS: We used seven English-language electronic databases for the literature search. At least one health-related parameter was reported in retrievable full-text Baduanjin intervention studies...
December 11, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226712/-risk-stratification-before-thoracic-surgery-perioperative-pulmonary-rehabilitation
#16
Attila Vágvölgyi, Zsolt Rozgonyi, Pál Vadász, János Tamás Varga
INTRODUCTION: Besides the oncology and operative surgical technics, functional aspects influence the operability of lung cancer. Preoperative risk stratification, evaluation of postoperative complications needs to be considered. AIM: To review international literature and experiences of our institute. METHOD: We focused the literature of risk stratification of thoracic surgery. Lung function, lung mechanics, chest kinematics, exercise physiology were considered...
December 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225812/the-utility-of-whole-body-vibration-exercise-in-haemodialysis-patients-a-pilot-study
#17
Arthur Doyle, Karen Chalmers, David J Chinn, Fiona McNeill, Nicola Dall, Christopher H Grant
Background: Exercise improves physical capacity in patients with end-stage renal disease on haemodialysis (HD), but few patients engage in it. Whole-body vibration exercise (WBVE) is a novel protocol that has been shown to benefit frail elderly patients' rehabilitation. We assessed the utility of WBVE before HD sessions and tested methods to inform the design of a randomized controlled trial (RCT). Methods: Physical condition and quality of life were assessed at enrolment and repeated 2 weeks later in a pilot study of 49 patients undergoing regular HD...
December 2017: Clinical Kidney Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223653/effects-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-on-heart-rate-recovery-of-patients-undergoing-a-cardiac-rehabilitation-programme-after-acute-coronary-syndrome
#18
Tiffany Astolfi, Fabio Borrani, Milos Savcic, Vincent Gremeaux, Grégoire P Millet
BACKGROUND: An efficient cardiac rehabilitation programme (CRP) can improve the functional ability of patients after acute coronary syndrome (ACS). OBJECTIVE: To examine the effect of a CRP on parasympathetic reactivation and heart rate recovery (HRR) measured after a 6-min walk test (6MWT), and correlation with 6MWT distance and well-being after ACS. METHODS: Eleven normoweight patients after ACS (BMI < 25kg/m2; 10 males; mean [SD] age 61 [9] years) underwent an 8-week CRP...
December 6, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222674/effect-of-rehabilitation-exercise-durations-on-the-dynamic-bone-repair-process-by-coupling-polymer-scaffold-degradation-and-bone-formation
#19
Quan Shi, Qiang Chen, Nicola Pugno, Zhi-Yong Li
Implantation of biodegradable scaffold is considered as a promising method to treat bone disorders, but knowledge of the dynamic bone repair process is extremely limited. In this study, based on the representative volume cell of a periodic scaffold, the influence of rehabilitation exercise duration per day on the bone repair was investigated by a computational framework. The framework coupled scaffold degradation and bone remodeling. The scaffold degradation was described by a function of stochastic hydrolysis independent of mechanical stimulation, and the bone formation was remodeled by a function of the mechanical stimulation, i...
December 8, 2017: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222074/changes-of-oxygen-consumption-and-heart-rate-after-acute-myocardial-infarction-during-6-month-follow-up
#20
Yuri Choe, Jae-Young Han, In-Sung Choi, Hyeng-Kyu Park
BACKGROUND: Exercise intensity is a particularly important determinant of physiological responses to exercise training in patients with acute myocardial infarction. Heart rate (HR) is commonly used as a practical way of prescribing and monitoring exercise as specific intensities based on linear relationship between the percentage of maximum heart rate (%HRmax) and the percentage of maximum oxygen consumption (%VO2max) regardless of age, sex or exercise mode. OBJECTIVE: To examine the change in variability in the correlation between %HRmax and %VO2maxafter acute myocardial infarction...
December 5, 2017: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
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