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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453450/muscle-function-and-size-in-the-lumbar-spine-before-and-after-a-four-week-exercise-intervention
#1
Jonathan Fulford, Vladimira Juroskova, Judith R Meakin, Alan R Barker
BACKGROUND: Exercise of the spinal muscles is recommended for a variety of rehabilitative reasons but it is not always clear whether interventions are effective in improving the performance of the muscles or whether their benefit is elicited via other mechanisms. OBJECTIVE: To explore the effects of an exercise intervention on the size and exercise performance of the lumbar spine extensor muscles. METHODS: Eleven healthy participants undertook a four week programme of exercise...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Back and Musculoskeletal Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28453295/postinjury-exercise-and-platelet-rich-plasma-therapies-improve-skeletal-muscle-healing-in-rats-but-are-not-synergistic-when-combined
#2
Paola Contreras-Muñoz, Joan Ramon Torrella, Xavier Serres, David Rizo-Roca, Meritxell De la Varga, Ginés Viscor, Vicente Martínez-Ibáñez, José Luis Peiró, Tero A H Järvinen, Gil Rodas, Mario Marotta
BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle injuries are the most common sports-related injury and a major concern in sports medicine. The effect of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) injections on muscle healing is still poorly understood, and current data are inconclusive. PURPOSE: To evaluate the effects of an ultrasound-guided intramuscular PRP injection, administered 24 hours after injury, and/or posttraumatic daily exercise training for 2 weeks on skeletal muscle healing in a recently established rat model of skeletal muscle injury that highly mimics the muscle trauma seen in human athletes...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448379/effect-of-an-outpatient-pulmonary-rehabilitation-program-on-exercise-tolerance-and-asthma-control-in-obese-asthma-patients
#3
Yasemin Türk, Astrid van Huisstede, Frits M E Franssen, Pieter S Hiemstra, Arjan Rudolphus, Cristian Taube, Gert-Jan Braunstahl
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of an outpatient pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) program on exercise tolerance and asthma control in obese and nonobese patients with asthma. METHODS: Nonobese (body mass index [BMI] <30 kg/m) and obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m) patients with asthma who participated in a local multidisciplinary 12-week PR program were analyzed retrospectively. Effects of PR were assessed by changes in 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) and Asthma Control Questionnaire (ACQ)...
May 2017: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447319/-effects-of-geriatric-copd-rehabilitation-on-hospital-admissions-and-exercise-tolerance-a%C3%A2-retrospective-observational-study
#4
Stephanie Blindenbach, Jisca W F A Vrancken, Hans van der Zeijden, Herre J Reesink, Folkert Brijker, Martin Smalbrugge, Elizabeth M Wattel
INTRODUCTION: Frail COPD patients are frequently not accepted for regular pulmonary rehabilitation programs due to low physical condition and functional limitations. Rehabilitation programs in nursing homes for geriatric patients with COPD have been developed. The effects of such programs are largely unknown. AIMS: To assess the course of COPD-related hospital admissions and exercise tolerance in a cohort of frail COPD patients participating in geriatric COPD rehabilitation...
April 26, 2017: Tijdschrift Voor Gerontologie en Geriatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447184/electromyographic-evaluation-of-high-intensity-elastic-resistance-exercises-for-lower-extremity-muscles-during-bed-rest
#5
Jonas Vinstrup, Sebastian Skals, Joaquin Calatayud, Markus Due Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Matheus Daros Pinto, Mikel Izquierdo, Yuling Wang, Mette K Zebis, Lars Louis Andersen
PURPOSE: Prolonged hospital bed rest after severe injury or disease leads to rapid muscle atrophy and strength loss. Therefore, the main aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of lower extremity strengthening exercises using elastic resistance that can be performed while lying in a hospital bed. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional design, 22 healthy individuals performed three consecutive repetitions of 14 different lower extremity exercises using elastic resistance, with a perceived intensity corresponding to 8 on the Borg CR-10 scale...
April 26, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445854/balance-training-in-individuals-with-parkinson-s-disease-therapist-supervised-vs-home-based-exercise-programme
#6
Elizabeth Maria Atterbury, Karen Estelle Welman
BACKGROUND: Poor locomotion and balance in Parkinson's disease (PD) often diminishes independence. Accordingly, gait is considered one of the most relevant rehabilitation outcomes, and home-based balance exercises might be a viable mode of exercise delivery for individuals with PD. However, research on PD interventions rarely indicate best practices to deliver exercises. Therefore, this study endeavoured to compare the efficacy of a home-based and therapist-supervised balance programme on gait parameters, dynamic balance, balance confidence and motivation in individuals diagnosed with PD...
April 4, 2017: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28441894/self-directed-exercise-in-multiple-sclerosis-evaluation-of-a-home-automated-tele-management-system
#7
Susan S Conroy, Min Zhan, William J Culpepper, Walter Royal, Mitchell T Wallin
Introduction Physical rehabilitation is one of the few non-pharmaceutical therapies for maintaining or improving walking ability for patients with multiple sclerosis. However, travel distance to rehabilitation clinics, neurological disability and insurance coverage often limit access to specialised rehabilitation services. To address these issues, we utilised a web-based system to support a home-based self-directed exercise programme. Methods Patients ( n = 24) were randomised to either routine home rehabilitation or to the multiple sclerosis home automated tele-management system for a six-month period...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440411/effects-of-long%C3%A2-term-post%C3%A2-ischemic-treadmill-exercise-on-gliosis-in-the-aged-gerbil-hippocampus-induced-by-transient-cerebral-ischemia
#8
Ji Hyeon Ahn, Myoung Cheol Shin, Joon Ha Park, In Hye Kim, Jeong-Hwi Cho, Tae-Kyeong Lee, Jae-Chul Lee, Bai Hui Chen, Bich Na Shin, Hyun-Jin Tae, Jinseu Park, Soo Young Choi, Yun Lyul Lee, Dae Won Kim, Yang Hee Kim, Moo-Ho Won, Jun Hwi Cho
Therapeutic exercise is an integral component of the rehabilitation of patients who have suffered a stroke. The objective of the present study was to use immunohistochemistry to investigate the effects of post‑ischemic exercise on neuronal damage or death and gliosis in the aged gerbil hippocampus following transient cerebral ischemia. Aged gerbils (male; age, 22‑24 months) underwent ischemia and were subjected to treadmill exercise for 1 or 4 weeks. Neuronal death was detected in the stratum pyramidale of the hippocampal CA1 region and in the polymorphic layer of the dentate gyrus using cresyl violet and Fluoro‑Jade B histofluorescence staining...
April 19, 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439471/exergames-for-women-with-fibromyalgia-a-randomised-controlled-trial-to-evaluate-the-effects-on-mobility-skills-balance-and-fear-of-falling
#9
Daniel Collado-Mateo, Francisco J Dominguez-Muñoz, Jose C Adsuar, Eugenio Merellano-Navarro, Narcis Gusi
BACKGROUND: Exergames are a new form of rehabilitation that combine the characteristics of physical exercise and the benefits of non-immersive virtual reality (VR). Effects of this novel therapy in women fibromyalgia are still unknown. The objective was to evaluate the effects of exergame-based intervention on mobility skills, balance and fear of falling in women with fibromyalgia. METHODS: This study was a randomized controlled trial with concealed allocation. Seventy-six women with fibromyalgia were divided into two groups: the exercise group received an eight week intervention based on exergames, while the control group continued their usual activities...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437223/exercise-and-peripheral-nerve-grafts-as-a-strategy-to-promote-regeneration-after-acute-or-chronic-spinal-cord-injury
#10
Catherine C Theisen, Rahul Sachdeva, Scarlett Austin, Danielle Kulich, Victoria Kranz, John D Houle
Therapeutic interventions after spinal cord injury (SCI) routinely are designed to address multiple aspects of the primary and/or secondary damage that occurs. Exercise has a demonstrated efficacy for post-SCI complications such as cardiovascular dysfunction, neuropathic pain, and chronic inflammation, yet there is little understanding of the mechanisms by which improvements might result from this non-invasive approach. Here we review several of our observations of molecular and cellular changes within the injured spinal cord following acute or delayed exercise regimens that illustrate the potential for positive effects on neuroprotection and rehabilitation...
April 26, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436722/exercise-training-improves-characteristics-of-exercise-oscillatory-ventilation-in-chronic-heart-failure
#11
Niki Panagopoulou, Eleftherios Karatzanos, Stavros Dimopoulos, Athanasios Tasoulis, Ioannis Tachliabouris, Styliani Vakrou, Antonios Sideris, Christina Gratziou, Serafim Nanas
Background Exercise oscillatory ventilation in chronic heart failure has been suggested as a factor related to adverse cardiac events, aggravated prognosis and higher mortality. Exercise training is well known to affect exercise capacity and mechanisms of pathophysiology beneficially in chronic heart failure. Little is known, however, about the exercise training effects on characteristics of exercise oscillatory ventilation in chronic heart failure patients. Design and methods Twenty (out of 38) stable chronic heart failure patients exhibited exercise oscillatory ventilation (age 54 ± 11 years, peak oxygen uptake 15...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435743/effects-of-overground-locomotor-training-on-the-ventilatory-response-to-volitional-treadmill-walking-in-individuals-with-incomplete-spinal-cord-injury-a-pilot-study
#12
Gino S Panza, Andrew A Guccione, Lisa M Chin, Jared M Gollie, Jeffery E Herrick, John P Collins
INTRODUCTION: Although there has been substantial emphasis on the neuromuscular and cardiovascular adaptations following rehabilitation, pulmonary adaptations in individuals with incomplete SCI (iSCI) in response to locomotor training have been less frequently studied. In healthy individuals, effective transition from rest to work is accomplished by a hyperpneic response, which exhibits an exponential curve with three phases. However, the degree to which our current understanding of exercise hyperpnea can be applied to individuals with iSCI is unknown...
2017: Spinal Cord Series and Cases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435241/magnitude-of-exercise-capacity-and-quality-of-life-improvement-following-repeat-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-patients-with-copd
#13
Jacqueline S Sandoz, Mary M Roberts, Jin-Gun Cho, John R Wheatley
BACKGROUND: Maintenance and repeated pulmonary rehabilitation programs (PRPs) for patients with COPD have attempted to prolong PRP benefits beyond 12-24 months. However, there is limited evidence as to the magnitude of benefit or the ideal interval between repeating the program under "real-world" conditions in which patients are referred based on clinical necessity. Therefore, we reviewed the effects of repeating PRP in a physician-referred cohort of patients with COPD. METHODS: A total of 141 individuals with COPD completed PRP twice and 35 completed PRP three times over a 12-year period...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435239/pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-copd-improves-exercise-time-rather-than-exercise-tolerance-effects-and-mechanisms
#14
Keisuke Miki, Ryoji Maekura, Seigo Kitada, Mari Miki, Kenji Yoshimura, Hiroshi Yamamoto, Toshiko Kawabe, Hiroyuki Kagawa, Yohei Oshitani, Akitoshi Satomi, Kohei Nishida, Nobuhiko Sawa, Kimiko Inoue
BACKGROUND: COPD patients undergoing pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) show various responses. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible mechanisms and predictors of the response to PR in COPD patients. METHODS: Thirty-six stable COPD patients underwent PR including a 4-week high-intensity exercise training program, and they were evaluated by cardiopulmonary exercise testing. All patients (mean age 69 years, severe and very severe COPD 94%) were classified into four groups by whether the exercise time (Tex) or the peak oxygen uptake [Formula: see text] increased after PR: two factors increased (both the Tex and the peak [Formula: see text] increased); two factors decreased; time only increased (the Tex increased, but the peak [Formula: see text] economized); and [Formula: see text] only increased (the Tex decreased, but the peak [Formula: see text] increased)...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28435027/exercise-modulated-epigenetic-markers-and-inflammatory-response-in-copd-individuals-a-pilot-study
#15
Ivy Reichert Vital da Silva, Cintia Laura Pereira de Araujo, Gilson Pires Dorneles, Alessandra Peres, Andreia Luciana Bard, Gustavo Reinaldo, Paulo José Zimermann Teixeira, Pedro Dal Lago, Viviane Rostirola Elsner
The study investigated the effects of exercise on epigenetic signals and systemic cytokine levels in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) individuals. Ten participants of a pulmonary rehabilitation program were submitted to 24 sessions of a supervisioned exercise protocol thrice-weekly (90min/session). Blood samples were collected at baseline, after the 1st session, before and after the 24th session. A DNA hypomethylation status was observed after the 1st session when compared at baseline, while global histone H4 acetylation status was unaltered in any time-points evaluated...
April 19, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434551/neuromuscular-fatigue-during-exercise-methodological-considerations-etiology-and-potential-role-in-chronic-fatigue
#16
REVIEW
Rosie Twomey, Saied Jalal Aboodarda, Renata Kruger, Susan Nicole Culos-Reed, John Temesi, Guillaume Y Millet
The term fatigue is used to describe a distressing and persistent symptom of physical and/or mental tiredness in certain clinical populations, with distinct but ultimately complex, multifactorial and heterogenous pathophysiology. Chronic fatigue impacts on quality of life, reduces the capacity to perform activities of daily living, and is typically measured using subjective self-report tools. Fatigue also refers to an acute reduction in the ability to produce maximal force or power due to exercise. The classical measurement of exercise-induced fatigue involves neuromuscular assessments before and after a fatiguing task...
April 20, 2017: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434533/performance-of-fixed-heart-rate-increment-targets-of-20-vs-30-beats-per-minute-for-exercise-rehabilitation-prescription-in-outpatients-with-heart-failure
#17
Jennifer L Reed, Angelica Z Blais, Marja-Leena Keast, Andrew L Pipe, Robert D Reid
BACKGROUND: Patients with heart failure (HF) should exercise at 40%-60% heart rate reserve (HRR) during the first 3 weeks of an outpatient cardiac rehabilitation (CR) program and at 50%-80% HRR thereafter. Arbitrary methods to prescribe exercise intensity such as resting HR (RHR) plus 20 or 30 beats per minute (bpm) (RHR + 20 or RHR + 30) are recommended for inpatients after a myocardial infarction or those recovering from heart surgery. This approach has been repurposed by outpatient CR programs to prescribe exercise intensity for patients with HF, yet its efficacy has not been evaluated...
February 2, 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433238/pulmonary-rehabilitation-referral-and-participation-are-commonly-influenced-by-environment-knowledge-and-beliefs-about-consequences-a-systematic-review-using-the-theoretical-domains-framework
#18
Narelle S Cox, Cristino C Oliveira, Aroub Lahham, Anne E Holland
QUESTION: What are the barriers and enablers of referral, uptake, attendance and completion of pulmonary rehabilitation for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)? DESIGN: Systematic review of qualitative or quantitative studies reporting data relating to referral, uptake, attendance and/or completion in pulmonary rehabilitation. PARTICIPANTS: People aged >18years with a diagnosis of COPD and/or their healthcare professionals...
April 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432739/effect-of-a-4-week-elastic-resistance-band-training-regimen-on-back-kinematics-in-horses-trotting-in-hand-and-on-the-lunge
#19
T Pfau, V Simons, N Rombach, N Stubbs, R Weller
REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Training and rehabilitation techniques aiming at improving core muscle strength may result in increased dynamic stability of the equine vertebral column. A system of elastic resistance bands is suggested to provide proprioceptive feedback during motion to encourage recruitment of core abdominal and hindquarter musculature for improved dynamic stability. OBJECTIVES: To quantify the effects of a specific resistance band system on back kinematics during trot in-hand and during lungeing at beginning and end of a 4-week exercise programme...
April 22, 2017: Equine Veterinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28427790/exercise-and-ckd-skeletal-muscle-dysfunction-and-practical-application-of-exercise-to-prevent-and-treat-physical-impairments-in-ckd
#20
Baback Roshanravan, Jorge Gamboa, Kenneth Wilund
Patients with chronic kidney disease experience substantial loss of muscle mass, weakness, and poor physical performance. As kidney disease progresses, skeletal muscle dysfunction forms a common pathway for mobility limitation, loss of functional independence, and vulnerability to disease complications. Screening for those at high risk for mobility disability by self-reported and objective measures of function is an essential first step in developing an interdisciplinary approach to treatment that includes rehabilitative therapies and counseling on physical activity...
April 18, 2017: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
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