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rehabilitative exercises

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451065/shoulder-and-arm-muscle-activity-during-elastic-band-exercises-performed-in-a-hospital-bed
#1
Sebastian Skals, Jonas Vinstrup, Emil Sundstrup, Markus D Jakobsen, Christoffer H Andersen, Lars L Andersen
OBJECTIVE: Muscle atrophy is a common side-effect of bed rest during hospitalization. However, resistance training may minimize or even prevent these complications. Therefore, we evaluated the efficiency of four upper-body elastic resistance exercises that could be performed while lying or sitting in a hospital bed. METHODS: Twenty-two healthy subjects performed three repetitions of each exercise in a supine and seated position with a perceived intensity of 3 (low) and 8 (high) on the Borg CR10 Scale...
February 16, 2018: Physician and Sportsmedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450484/neurological-manifestations-among-us-government-personnel-reporting-directional-audible-and-sensory-phenomena-in-havana-cuba
#2
Randel L Swanson, Stephen Hampton, Judith Green-McKenzie, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, M Sean Grady, Ragini Verma, Rosette Biester, Diana Duda, Ronald L Wolf, Douglas H Smith
Importance: From late 2016 through August 2017, US government personnel serving on diplomatic assignment in Havana, Cuba, reported neurological symptoms associated with exposure to auditory and sensory phenomena. Objective: To describe the neurological manifestations that followed exposure to an unknown energy source associated with auditory and sensory phenomena. Design, Setting, and Participants: Preliminary results from a retrospective case series of US government personnel in Havana, Cuba...
February 15, 2018: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449290/community-based-rehabilitation-training-after-stroke-results-of-a-pilot-randomised-controlled-trial-retrain-investigating-acceptability-and-feasibility
#3
Sarah G Dean, Leon Poltawski, Anne Forster, Rod S Taylor, Anne Spencer, Martin James, Rhoda Allison, Shirley Stevens, Meriel Norris, Anthony I Shepherd, Paolo Landa, Richard M Pulsford, Laura Hollands, Raff Calitri
OBJECTIVES: To assess acceptability and feasibility of trial processes and the Rehabilitation Training (ReTrain) intervention including an assessment of intervention fidelity. DESIGN: A two-group, assessor-blinded, randomised controlled trial with parallel mixed methods process and economic evaluations. SETTING: Community settings across two sites in Devon. PARTICIPANTS: Eligible participants were: 18 years old or over, with a diagnosis of stroke and with self-reported mobility issues, no contraindications to physical activity, discharged from National Health Service or any other formal rehabilitation programme at least 1 month before, willing to be randomised to either control or ReTrain and attend the training venue, possessing cognitive capacity and communication ability sufficient to participate...
February 15, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449002/shoulder-joint-kinetics-and-dynamics-during-underwater-forward-arm-elevation
#4
Jessy Lauer, João Paulo Vilas-Boas, Annie Hélène Rouard
Aquatic exercises are widely implemented into rehabilitation programs. However, both evaluating their mechanical demands on the musculoskeletal system and designing protocols to provide progressive loading are difficult tasks. This study reports for the first time shoulder joint kinetics and dynamics during underwater forward arm elevation performed at speeds ranging from 22.5 to 90°/s. Net joint moments projected onto anatomical axes of rotation, joint power, and joint work were calculated in 18 participants through a novel approach coupling numerical fluid flow simulations and inverse dynamics...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449001/balance-assessment-during-squatting-exercise-a-comparison-between-laboratory-grade-force-plate-and-a-commercial-low-cost-device
#5
Alessandro Mengarelli, Federica Verdini, Stefano Cardarelli, Francesco Di Nardo, Laura Burattini, Sandro Fioretti
Testing balance through squatting exercise is a central part of many rehabilitation programs and sports and plays also an important role in clinical evaluation of residual motor ability. The assessment of center of pressure (CoP) displacement and its parametrization is commonly used to describe and analyze squat movement and the laboratory-grade force plates (FP) are the gold standard for measuring balance performances from a dynamic view-point. However, the Nintendo Wii Balance Board (NWBB) has been recently proposed as an inexpensive and easily available device for measuring ground reaction force and CoP displacement in standing balance tasks...
February 5, 2018: Journal of Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447080/improved-lower-extremity-pedaling-mechanics-in-individuals-with-stroke-under-maximal-workloads
#6
Susan M Linder, Anson B Rosenfeldt, Andrew S Bazyk, Mandy Miller Koop, Sarah Ozinga, Jay L Alberts
Background Individuals with stroke present with motor control deficits resulting in the abnormal activation and timing of agonist and antagonist muscles and inefficient movement patterns. The analysis of pedaling biomechanics provides a window into understanding motor control deficits, which vary as a function of workload. Understanding the relationship between workload and motor control is critical when considering exercise prescription during stroke rehabilitation. Objectives To characterize pedaling kinematics and motor control processes under conditions in which workload was systematically increased to an eventual patient-specific maximum...
February 15, 2018: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443739/effects-of-exercise-on-secretion-transport-inflammation-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-noncystic-fibrosis-bronchiectasis-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Daniele Oliveira Dos Santos, Hugo Celso Dutra de Souza, José Antônio Baddini-Martinez, Ercy Mara Cipulo Ramos, Ada Clarice Gastaldi
BACKGROUND: Bronchiectasis is characterized by pathological and irreversible bronchial dilatation caused by the inefficient mucus and microorganism clearance and progression of inflammatory processes. The most frequent characteristic is the increase in bronchial mucus production resulting in slower transport and damage to the mucociliary transport. AIMS: To evaluate the effects of exercise on mucus transport, inflammation, and resistance of the respiratory and autonomic nervous systems and subsequent effects on quality of life in patients with bronchiectasis who are enrolled in a pulmonary rehabilitation program...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439942/using-robots-at-home-to-support-patients-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Elizabeth Broadbent, Jeff Garrett, Nicola Jepsen, Vickie Li Ogilvie, Ho Seok Ahn, Hayley Robinson, Kathryn Peri, Ngaire Kerse, Paul Rouse, Avinesh Pillai, Bruce MacDonald
BACKGROUND: Socially assistive robots are being developed for patients to help manage chronic health conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Adherence to medication and availability of rehabilitation are suboptimal in this patient group, which increases the risk of hospitalization. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study aimed to investigate the effectiveness of a robot delivering telehealth care to increase adherence to medication and home rehabilitation, improve quality of life, and reduce hospital readmission compared with a standard care control group...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29439360/aerobic-rehabilitation-program-for-improving-muscle-function-in-parkinson-s-disease
#9
Siria Di Martino, Caterina Tramonti, Elisa Unti, Claudia Del Gamba, Ubaldo Bonuccelli, Bruno Rossi, Roberto Ceravolo, Carmelo Chisari
BACKGROUND: Parkinson's Disease (PD) is characterized by progressive and disabling symptoms. An impaired oxidative metabolism efficiency was supposed to be involved in the systemic impairment. Rehabilitative treatment represents a valid tool in promoting skeletal muscle's adaptations, even if no solid studies on muscle metabolic features are still available. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficiency of skeletal muscle oxidative metabolism in PD patients in comparison with age-matched controls and test the role of an intensive aerobic treatment on muscle oxidative metabolism and its clinical effects...
2018: Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437484/the-effects-of-thai-yoga-on-physical-fitness-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-control-trials
#10
Chuenjid Kongkaew, Parinya Lertsinthai, Katechan Jampachaisri, Pajaree Mongkhon, Peerapong Meesomperm, Kunwarang Kornkaew, Phichamon Malaiwong
OBJECTIVES: Thai yoga is a traditional Thai exercise used for improving health-related physical fitness. Many studies have evaluated these effects, but their results remain inconclusive. This meta-analysis aimed to examine the effectiveness of Thai yoga on physical fitness. DESIGN/METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL, Cochrane library, Thai Library Integrated System (ThaiLis), Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro), National Rehabilitation Information Center (Rehabdata), Scopus, Web of Science, Thai University library databases/journals, and Thai Physical Therapy database up to March 2016 were searched for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) examining the effect of Thai yoga exercise compared with normal daily activities as controls, in any language...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436253/promoting-activity-independence-and-stability-in-early-dementia-and-mild-cognitive-impairment-praised-development-of-an-intervention-for-people-with-mild-cognitive-impairment-and-dementia
#11
Vicky Booth, Rowan H Harwood, Victoria Hood-Moore, Trevor Bramley, Jennie E Hancox, Kate Robertson, Judith Hall, Veronika Van Der Wardt, Pip A Logan
This series of articles for rehabilitation in practice aims to cover a knowledge element of the rehabilitation medicine curriculum. Nevertheless, they are intended to be of interest to a multidisciplinary audience. The competency addressed in this article is an understanding of how to develop an intervention for people with mild cognitive impairment and dementia to promote their independence, stability, and physical activity. INTRODUCTION: Older adults with dementia are at a high risk of falls...
February 1, 2018: Clinical Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29436126/aerobic-exercise-prior-to-task-specific-training-to-improve-poststroke-motor-function-a-case-series
#12
S R Valkenborghs, M M Visser, M Nilsson, R Callister, P van Vliet
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise can improve upper limb motor function in both healthy and stroke populations. Research in animals after stroke has shown that aerobic exercise combined with forelimb motor training improved forelimb motor function more than aerobic exercise or motor training alone. There is a lack of knowledge about this combined intervention in humans after stroke. PURPOSE: These 2 case reports describe the exploratory implementation of a combined aerobic exercise and task-specific training intervention to improve upper limb motor function in one person in subacute stroke recovery and one person in chronic stroke recovery...
February 13, 2018: Physiotherapy Research International: the Journal for Researchers and Clinicians in Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435499/2016-sosort-guidelines-orthopaedic-and-rehabilitation-treatment-of-idiopathic-scoliosis-during-growth
#13
REVIEW
Stefano Negrini, Sabrina Donzelli, Angelo Gabriele Aulisa, Dariusz Czaprowski, Sanja Schreiber, Jean Claude de Mauroy, Helmut Diers, Theodoros B Grivas, Patrick Knott, Tomasz Kotwicki, Andrea Lebel, Cindy Marti, Toru Maruyama, Joe O'Brien, Nigel Price, Eric Parent, Manuel Rigo, Michele Romano, Luke Stikeleather, James Wynne, Fabio Zaina
Background: The International Scientific Society on Scoliosis Orthopaedic and Rehabilitation Treatment (SOSORT) produced its first guidelines in 2005 and renewed them in 2011. Recently published high-quality clinical trials on the effect of conservative treatment approaches (braces and exercises) for idiopathic scoliosis prompted us to update the last guidelines' version. The objective was to align the guidelines with the new scientific evidence to assure faster knowledge transfer into clinical practice of conservative treatment for idiopathic scoliosis (CTIS)...
2018: Scoliosis and Spinal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433517/quality-of-life-of-patients-with-first-time-ami-a-descriptive-study
#14
Mandreker Bahall, Katija Khan
BACKGROUND: Outcomes following acute myocardial infarction (AMI) may result in death, increased morbidity, and change in quality of life (QOL). This study explores health-related QOL of first-time patients following AMI. METHODS: This cross-sectional study used a sample of patients with first-time AMI experienced between April 2011 and March 2015 at a tertiary health institution. Recruited patients belonged to different post-AMI periods: 2-10 weeks, 5-22 months, and > 22 months to 4 years post AMI...
February 13, 2018: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433474/real-life-feasibility-of-home-based-pulmonary-rehabilitation-in-chemotherapy-treated-patients-with-thoracic-cancers-a-pilot-study
#15
Cecile Olivier, Jean-Marie Grosbois, Alexis B Cortot, Sophie Peres, Christophe Heron, Julie Delourme, Marianne Gierczynski, Anne Hoorelbeke, Arnaud Scherpereel, Olivier Le Rouzic
BACKGROUND: Patients with advanced lung cancer (LC) or malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) exhibit limitation of exercise capacities and alteration of quality of life (QoL) induced by cancer and its treatment. Few studies assessed pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) in these chemotherapy-treated patients, and none evaluated a home-based PR program. METHODS: In this prospective uncontrolled observational pilot study, patients treated by chemotherapy for LC or MPM were screened for a home-based PR program combining exercise training with global cares including therapeutic education and psychosocial management...
February 13, 2018: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432697/the-importance-of-increasing-exercise-capacity-during-cardiac-rehabilitation-in-heart-failure-optimising-training-to-optimise-prognosis
#16
Patrick Feiereisen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 1, 2018: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432354/a-conceptual-framework-encompassing-the-psychoneuroimmunoendocrinological-influences-of-listening-to-music-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#17
Francesco Burrai, Wohaib Hasan, Marco Luppi, Valentina Micheluzzi
Patients with heart failure have been traditionally treated with a pharmacology-based approach, diet, exercise, and rehabilitation for reducing symptoms, hospitalizations, and mortality. We have developed a solid conceptual framework for music listening-based protocols, showing how music may have a broad range of positive effects on cardiovascular health through psychoneuroimmunoendocrinological pathways.
March 2018: Holistic Nursing Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430642/should-structured-exercise-be-promoted-as-a-model-of-care-dissemination-of-the-department-of-veterans-affairs-gerofit-program
#18
Miriam C Morey, Cathy C Lee, Steven Castle, Willy M Valencia, Leslie Katzel, Jamie Giffuni, Teresa Kopp, Heather Cammarata, Michelle McDonald, Kris A Oursler, Timothy Wamsley, Chani Jain, Janet P Bettger, Megan Pearson, Kenneth M Manning, Orna Intrator, Peter Veazie, Richard Sloane, Jiejin Li, Daniel C Parker
Exercise provides a wide range of health-promoting benefits, but support is limited for clinical programs that use exercise as a means of health promotion. This stands in contrast to restorative or rehabilitative exercise, which is considered an essential medical service. We propose that there is a place for ongoing, structured wellness and health promotion programs, with exercise as the primary therapeutic focus. Such programs have long-lasting health benefits, are easily implementable, and are associated with high levels of participant satisfaction...
February 12, 2018: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29429746/children-with-severe-burns-display-no-sex-differences-in-exercise-capacity-at-hospital-discharge-or-adaptation-after-exercise-rehabilitation-training
#19
Eric Rivas, David N Herndon, Martha L Chapa, Janos Cambiaso-Daniel, Victoria G Rontoyanni, Ileana L Gutierrez, Kevin Sanchez, Shauna Glover, Oscar E Suman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Females have a 50% increased risk of death from burn injury compared to males. However, whether exercise capacity and exercise induced training adaptations differ between burned boys and girls is unknown. This project tested the hypothesis that girls with burns have lower exercise capacity and different exercise induced training adaptations. METHODS: Twenty-five girls were matched to 26 boys (mean, 95%CI; years 13 [12,14], cm 151 [143,161], kg 54 [45,63]; each P>0...
February 8, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428343/aerobic-stimulus-induced-by-virtual-reality-games-in-stroke-survivors
#20
Julio Cesar Silva de Sousa, Camila Torriani-Pasin, Amanda Barboza Tosi, Rafael Yokoyama Fecchio, Luiz Augusto Riani da Costa, Cláudia Lúcia de Moraes Forjaz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether virtual reality games (VRG) in stroke survivors produce significant and reproducible heart rate (HR) and oxygen consumption (VO2) responses during their execution, corresponding to an intensity between the anaerobic threshold (AT) and the respiratory compensation point (RCP). DESIGN: Single subjects repeated measure design SETTING: Stroke survivors registered from a rehabilitation program PARTICIPANTS: Twelve chronic hemiparetic stroke survivors (10 men, 58 ± 12 years) rated at 3 or 4 in the Functional Ambulation Categories (FAC)...
February 8, 2018: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
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