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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346572/effectiveness-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-for-prevention-and-treatment-of-sarcopenia-in-patients-with-cardiovascular-disease-a-retrospective-cross-sectional-analysis
#1
H Harada, H Kai, H Niiyama, Y Nishiyama, A Katoh, N Yoshida, Y Fukumoto, H Ikeda
OBJECTIVE: Sarcopenia is a syndrome characterized by progressive and generalized loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength, with the risk of frailty and poor quality of life. This study aimed to clarify the clinical characteristics of sarcopenia and to investigate the effects of comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation (CCR), including nutrition, physical exercise and medication, in patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 322 inpatients with CVD (age 72±12 years)...
2017: Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28342739/supervised-physical-therapy-vs-home-exercise-program-for-patients-with-distal-radius-fracture-a-single-blind-randomized-clinical-study
#2
Héctor Gutiérrez-Espinoza, David Rubio-Oyarzún, Cristian Olguín-Huerta, Rodrigo Gutiérrez-Monclus, Sebastian Pinto-Concha, Gonzalo Gana-Hervias
STUDY DESIGN: Randomized clinical study. INTRODUCTION: Supervised physical therapy (PT) and home exercise programs (HEPs) are frequently used in the rehabilitation of patients with distal radius fracture (DRF). However, there is no consensus as to whether unsupervised HEP provides comparable benefits to those achieved by supervised PT. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To compare the improvements in pain and functional status between a supervised PT program and unsupervised HEP in DRF patients older than 60 years...
March 22, 2017: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341726/rest-and-treatment-rehabilitation-following-sport-related-concussion-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Kathryn J Schneider, John J Leddy, Kevin M Guskiewicz, Tad Seifert, Michael McCrea, Noah D Silverberg, Nina Feddermann-Demont, Grant L Iverson, Alix Hayden, Michael Makdissi
AIM OR OBJECTIVE: The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the evidence regarding rest and active treatment/rehabilitation following sport-related concussion (SRC). DESIGN: Systematic review. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (OVID), CINAHL (EbscoHost), PsycInfo (OVID), Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (OVID), SPORTDiscus (EbscoHost), EMBASE (OVID) and Proquest DissertationsandTheses Global (Proquest) were searched systematically...
March 24, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339437/complications-of-lumbar-disc-herniation-following-full-endoscopic-interlaminar-lumbar-discectomy-a-large-single-center-retrospective-study
#4
Tian-Hang Xie, Jian-Cheng Zeng, Zhu-Hai Li, Liang Wang, Hong-Fei Nie, Hu-Shan Jiang, Yue-Ming Song, Qing-Quan Kong
BACKGROUND: The new surgical procedure of full-endoscopic interlaminar lumbar discectomy (FILD) has achieved favorable effects in the treatment of lumbar disc herniation (LDH). Along with the wide range of applications of FILD, a series of complications related to the operation has gradually emerged. OBJECTIVE: To describe the types, incidences, and characteristics of complications following FILD and to explore preventative and treatment measures. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339428/does-conservative-treatment-change-the-brain-in-patients-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-systematic-review
#5
Jeroen Kregel, Iris Coppieters, Robby DePauw, Anneleen Malfliet, Lieven Danneels, Jo Nijs, Barbara Cagnie, Mira Meeus
BACKGROUND: Chronic musculoskeletal pain is characterized by maladaptive central neuroplastic changes. Many observational studies have demonstrated that chronic pain states are associated with brain alterations regarding structure and/or function. Rehabilitation of patients with chronic musculoskeletal pain may include cognitive, exercise, or multimodal therapies. OBJECTIVE: The current review aims to provide a constructive overview of the existing literature reporting neural correlates, based on brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) techniques, following conservative treatment in chronic musculoskeletal pain patients...
March 2017: Pain Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339309/the-use-of-non-invasive-ventilation-during-exercise-training-in-copd-patients
#6
Nicolino Ambrosino, Lixin Xie
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) is increasingly used in addition to exercise training in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease with the purpose to allow them to train at higher intensities. Different modalities of assisted ventilation have been used with benefits for relief of dyspnoea and increase in exercise capacity. Nevertheless there are some potential problems with the use of NIV in pulmonary rehabilitation programmes. Despite promising results, a generalised use of NIV during exercise training programmes is unlikely to have a role in routine settings...
March 24, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339144/australian-and-new-zealand-pulmonary-rehabilitation-guidelines
#7
Jennifer A Alison, Zoe J McKeough, Kylie Johnston, Renae J McNamara, Lissa M Spencer, Sue C Jenkins, Catherine J Hill, Vanessa M McDonald, Peter Frith, Paul Cafarella, Michelle Brooke, Helen L Cameron-Tucker, Sarah Candy, Nola Cecins, Andrew S L Chan, Marita T Dale, Leona M Dowman, Catherine Granger, Simon Halloran, Peter Jung, Annemarie L Lee, Regina Leung, Tamara Matulick, Christian Osadnik, Mary Roberts, James Walsh, Sally Wootton, Anne E Holland
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The aim of the Pulmonary Rehabilitation Guidelines (Guidelines) is to provide evidence-based recommendations for the practice of pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) specific to Australian and New Zealand healthcare contexts. METHODS: The Guideline methodology adhered to the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE) II criteria. Nine key questions were constructed in accordance with the PICO (Population, Intervention, Comparator, Outcome) format and reviewed by a COPD consumer group for appropriateness...
March 24, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338405/physiological-responses-to-treadmill-running-with-body-weight-support-in-hypoxia-compared-to-normoxia
#8
Ben J Lee, Charles Douglas Thake
CONTEXT: Anecdotal reports suggest elite sports clubs combine lower body positive pressure (LBPP) rehabilitation with a hypoxic stimulus in order to maintain or increase physiological and metabolic strain, which are reduced during LBPP. However the effects of hypoxia on cardiovascular and metabolic response during LBPP rehabilitation is unknown. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the use of normobaric hypoxia as a means to increase physiological strain during body weight supported (BWS) running...
March 24, 2017: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28338229/response-to-endurance-exercise-training-in-older-adults-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-or-reduced-ejection-fraction
#9
Ambarish Pandey, Dalane W Kitzman, Peter Brubaker, Mark J Haykowsky, Timothy Morgan, J Thomas Becton, Jarett D Berry
OBJECTIVES: To systematically examine the relative magnitude and predictors of responses to exercise training in older adult with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF), and preserved EF (HFpEF). DESIGN: Secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Outpatient cardiac rehabilitation program. PARTICIPANTS: Individuals with HF (24 HFrEF, 24 HFpEF) who underwent supervised exercise training...
March 24, 2017: Journal of the American Geriatrics Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336297/home-based-telerehabilitation-is-not-inferior-to-a-centre-based-program-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-a-randomised-trial
#10
Rita Hwang, Jared Bruning, Norman R Morris, Allison Mandrusiak, Trevor Russell
QUESTION: Is a 12-week, home-based telerehabilitation program conducted in small groups non-inferior to a traditional centre-based program in terms of the change in 6-minute walk distance? Is the telerehabilitation program also non-inferior to a centre-based program in terms of functional capacity, muscle strength, quality of life, urinary incontinence, patient satisfaction, attendance rates, and adverse events? DESIGN: Randomised, parallel, non-inferiority trial with concealed allocation, intention-to-treat analysis and assessor blinding...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physiotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28336024/postoperative-pain-self-management-behavior-in-patients-who-underwent-total-knee-or-hip-arthroplasty
#11
Ning-Ning Zhu, Pei-Pei Xu, Ting-Ting Lei, Ting Sun, Sally Wai-Chi Chan
The self-management of acute postoperative pain is not well researched. This cross-sectional study investigates postoperative pain and pain self-management behavior. We recruited 127 patients who underwent total knee or total hip arthroplasty in an acute care hospital. We measured postoperative pain intensity and pain self-management behavior for three postoperative days. The results showed that the participants experienced mild and moderate pain intensity and perceived moderate to severe pain interference, which influenced their mood, sleep patterns, ability to walk, and performance of general activities and rehabilitation exercises...
April 2017: AORN Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28332373/effect-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-hamstring-tightness-in-healthy-subjects-a-pilot-study
#12
Yong Wook Kim, Won Hyuk Chang, Na Young Kim, Jun Beom Kwon, Sang Chul Lee
PURPOSE: To assess the effect of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for healthy participants with hamstring tightness. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was performed at a university rehabilitation hospital. Twenty nine healthy adults with hamstring tightness were enrolled and randomly allocated into four groups (ESWT, stretching exercise, ESWT with stretching exercise, and control). The effects of individual treatments were compared by the finger-to-floor test and popliteal angle...
May 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28331525/the-anti-ageing-molecule-sirt1-mediates-beneficial-effects-of-cardiac-rehabilitation
#13
Giusy Russomanno, Graziamaria Corbi, Valentina Manzo, Nicola Ferrara, Giuseppe Rengo, Annibale A Puca, Salvatore Latte, Albino Carrizzo, Maria Consiglia Calabrese, Ramaroson Andriantsitohaina, Walter Filippelli, Carmine Vecchione, Amelia Filippelli, Valeria Conti
BACKGROUND: An exercise-based Cardiac Rehabilitation Programme (CRP) is established as adjuvant therapy in heart failure (HF), nevertheless it is underutilized, especially in the elderly. While the functional and hemodynamic effects of CRP are well known, its underlying molecular mechanisms have not been fully clarified. The present study aims to evaluate the effects of a well-structured 4-week CRP in patients with stable HF from a molecular point of view. RESULTS: A prospective longitudinal observational study was conducted on patients consecutively admitted to cardiac rehabilitation...
2017: Immunity & Ageing: I & A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330504/competitive-and-cooperative-arm-rehabilitation-games-played-by-a-patient-and-unimpaired-person-effects-on-motivation-and-exercise-intensity
#14
Maja Goršič, Imre Cikajlo, Domen Novak
BACKGROUND: People with chronic arm impairment should exercise intensely to regain their abilities, but frequently lack motivation, leading to poor rehabilitation outcome. One promising way to increase motivation is through interpersonal rehabilitation games, which allow patients to compete or cooperate together with other people. However, such games have mainly been evaluated with unimpaired subjects, and little is known about how they affect motivation and exercise intensity in people with chronic arm impairment...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330471/robot-assisted-gait-training-lokomat-improves-walking-function-and-activity-in-people-with-spinal-cord-injury-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Ki Yeun Nam, Hyun Jung Kim, Bum Sun Kwon, Jin-Woo Park, Ho Jun Lee, Aeri Yoo
Robot-assisted gait training (RAGT) after spinal cord injury (SCI) induces several different neurophysiological mechanisms to restore walking ability, including the activation of central pattern generators, task-specific stepping practice and massed exercise. However, there is no clear evidence for the optimal timing and efficacy of RAGT in people with SCI. The aim of our study was to assess the effects of RAGT on improvement in walking-related functional outcomes in patients with incomplete SCI compared with other rehabilitation modalities according to time elapsed since injury...
March 23, 2017: Journal of Neuroengineering and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330455/exergames-versus-self-regulated-exercises-with-instruction-leaflets-to-improve-adherence-during-geriatric-rehabilitation-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Peter Oesch, Jan Kool, Luis Fernandez-Luque, Ellen Brox, Gunn Evertsen, Anton Civit, Roger Hilfiker, Stefan Bachmann
BACKGROUND: Improving mobility in elderly persons is a primary goal in geriatric rehabilitation. Self-regulated exercises with instruction leaflets are used to increase training volume but adherence is often low. Exergames may improve adherence. This study therefore compared exergames with self-regulated exercise using instruction leaflets. The primary outcome was adherence. Secondary outcomes were enjoyment, motivation and balance during walking. METHODS: Design: single center parallel group non-blinded randomized controlled trial with central stratified randomization...
March 23, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330380/rehabilitation-after-total-joint-replacement-a-scoping-study
#17
Deborah L Snell, Julia Hipango, K Anne Sinnott, Jennifer A Dunn, Alastair Rothwell, C Jean Hsieh, Gerben DeJong, Gary Hooper
PURPOSE: The evidence supporting rehabilitation after joint replacement, while vast, is of variable quality making it difficult for clinicians to apply the best evidence to their practice. We aimed to map key issues for rehabilitation following joint replacement, highlighting potential avenues for new research. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a scoping study including research published between January 2013 and December 2016, evaluating effectiveness of rehabilitation following hip and knee total joint replacement...
March 23, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28329750/optoelectronic-plethysmography-in-clinical-practice-and-research-a-review
#18
Carlo Massaroni, Elena Carraro, Andrea Vianello, Sandra Miccinilli, Michelangelo Morrone, Irisz K Levai, Emiliano Schena, Paola Saccomandi, Silvia Sterzi, John W Dickinson, Samantha Winter, Sergio Silvestri
BACKGROUND: Optoelectronic plethysmography (OEP) is a non-invasive motion capture method to measure chest wall movements and estimate lung volumes. OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of the clinical findings and research applications of OEP in the assessment of breathing mechanics across populations of healthy and diseased individuals. METHODS: A bibliographic research was performed with the terms "opto-electronic plethysmography," "optoelectronic plethysmography," and "optoelectronic plethysmograph" in 50 digital library and bibliographic search databases resulting in the selection of 170 studies...
March 23, 2017: Respiration; International Review of Thoracic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28326852/sleep-outcomes-following-sleep-hygiene-related-interventions-for-individuals-with-traumatic-brain-injury-a-systematic-review
#19
Stefan Bogdanov, Sharon Naismith, Suncica Lah
BACKGROUND: Sleep disturbance is commonly reported following traumatic brain injury (TBI) and can adversely impact health and wellbeing and interfere with the rehabilitation process. As such, effective treatment of sleep disturbance is critical for overall recovery. Sleep hygiene, which is non-invasive, low cost, and low risk, could serve as a suitable first line of treatment for individuals experiencing sleep disturbance post-TBI. OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of sleep hygiene on sleep outcomes post-TBI...
March 22, 2017: Brain Injury: [BI]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28325109/feasibility-and-effects-of-a-combined-adjuvant-high-intensity-interval-strength-training-in-breast-cancer-patients-a-single-center-pilot-study
#20
Sebastian Viktor Waldemar Schulz, Roman Laszlo, Stephanie Otto, Dmytro Prokopchuk, Uwe Schumann, Florian Ebner, Jens Huober, Jürgen Michael Steinacker
PURPOSE: To evaluate feasibility of an exercise intervention consisting of high-intensity interval endurance and strength training in breast cancer patients. METHODS: Twenty-six women with nonmetastatic breast cancer were consecutively assigned to the exercise intervention- (n= 15, mean age 51.9 ± 9.8 years) and the control group (n = 11, mean age 56.9 ± 7.0 years). Cardiopulmonary exercise testing that included lactate sampling, one-repetition maximum tests and a HADS-D questionnaire were used to monitor patients both before and after a supervised six weeks period of either combined high-intensity interval endurance and strength training (intervention group, twice a week) or leisure training (control group)...
March 21, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
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