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carpal tunnel syndrome physical therapy

Farnaz Dehghan, Shila Haghighat, Hadiseh Ramezanian, Mehdi Karami, Mohammad Reza Rezaei
Background: The aim of this study is to determine the predictive value of ultrasonography for results of local steroid injection in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). Materials and Methods: This prospective cohort study was conducted during a 1-year period in outpatient clinics of rehabilitation and physical medicine including 35 patients with moderate and severe CTS who receive ultrasonography-guided local steroid injection. The Boston self-assessment questionnaire and electrodiagnosis parameters were recorded at baseline, 1 month, and 3 months after therapy...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
Bionka M Huisstede, Peter Hoogvliet, Thierry P Franke, Manon S Randsdorp, Bart W Koes
OBJECTIVE: To review scientific literature studying the effectiveness of physical therapy and electrophysical modalities for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). DATA SOURCES: The Cochrane Library, PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Physiotherapy Evidence Database. STUDY SELECTION: Two reviewers independently applied the inclusion criteria to select potential eligible studies. DATA EXTRACTION: Two reviewers independently extracted the data and assessed the methodologic quality using the Cochrane Risk of Bias Tool...
September 20, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Valer Mihai Pompilian, Ştefăniţă Tănăseanu, Camelia Badea, Sabina Zurac, Claudiu Socoliuc, Sorina Badelita, Elena Botez, Mihaela Antohe
Monoclonal gammopathies complicated by AL amyloidosis can mimic giant cell arteritis (GCA). We hereby present the case of a 63 year old woman in whom symptoms consistent with GCA were the first manifestations of a monoclonal gammopathy of unknown significance (MGUS) associated with amyloidosis. A 63 year old woman was admitted for temporal headache, maseterine claudication, neck and shoulder stiffness. She was recently diagnosed with carpal tunnel syndrome. On physical examination she had prominent temporal arteries, macroglosia and orthostatic hypotension...
September 26, 2017: Romanian Journal of Internal Medicine, Revue Roumaine de Médecine Interne
Matteo Riccò, Carlo Signorelli
BACKGROUND: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is a musculoskeletal condition that often impairs the fitness to work. Our aim is to retrospectively evaluate the association between physical exposures in meat processing industry in Northern Italy and the CTS, taking into account non-occupational factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed to include 434 workers (236 males, 198 females, 37.0±10.6 years old, working age: 12.6±10.8 years) from meat processing industries...
March 24, 2017: Medycyna Pracy
(no author information available yet)
Carpal tunnel syndrome causes pain, numbness, and weakness in the wrist and hand. Nearly 50% of all work-related injuries are linked to carpal tunnel syndrome, and people with this injury are more likely to miss work because of it. Patients with carpal tunnel syndrome can be treated with physical therapy or surgery. Although surgery may be considered when the symptoms are severe, more than a third of patients do not return to work within 8 weeks after an operation. Based on the potential side effects and risks of surgery, patients often ask if they might try physical therapy first...
March 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
R Luchetti, S Tognon, M Cacciavillani, S Ronco, N Buzzelli, G Lanni
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the current management of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) at a national level. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A multicentric observational study was conducted in 34 Italian centers by specialists participating in the Management of Peripheral Neuropathies Study Group on 377 patients (age, mean±SD 56±14.4 years, 73.2% females) with CTS. The characteristics of the disease and its management were recorded at baseline and during a 2-month follow-up using a standardized clinical record and assessed with validated clinical tests...
February 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Jennifer Wipperman, Kyle Goerl
Carpal tunnel syndrome, the most common entrapment neuropathy of the upper extremity, is caused by compression of the median nerve as it travels through the carpal tunnel. Classically, patients with the condition experience pain and paresthesias in the distribution of the median nerve, which includes the palmar aspect of the thumb, index and middle fingers, and radial half of the ring finger. Additional clues include positive physical examination findings, such as the flick sign, Phalen maneuver, and median nerve compression test...
December 15, 2016: American Family Physician
E J Ko, J Y Jeon, W Kim, J Y Hong, Y G Yi
The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate common causes of upper extremity sensory disturbance in breast cancer patients. Breast cancer patients who received surgery and taxane chemotherapy (CTx) with upper extremity sensory disturbance that began after CTx were included. With comprehensive clinical history, physical examination and electrodiagnostic results, diagnosis for each patient was made. Fifty-two patients were included: 23 (44.2%) were diagnosed with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy (CIPN), 7 (13...
December 22, 2016: European Journal of Cancer Care
Sana Salah, Mariem Rekik, Iheb Bel Haj Youssef, Soumaya Boudokhane, Houda Migaou, Anis Jellad, Zohra Ben Salah Frih
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to assess the musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) of diabetes mellitus (DM) patients in a Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (PMR) department. MATERIAL/PATIENTS AND METHODS: We carried out a retrospective study (January-December 2013) in which we enrolled 193 patients with DM. General (epidemic and clinical) characteristics were measured. Statistical analysis was performed using the statistical software SPSS 16. RESULTS: The participants' median age was 58 years (20-86), 98 men (50...
September 2016: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Nikhil R Oak, Reid A Abrams
Hand compartment syndrome has many etiologies; untreated, it has dire functional consequences. Intracompartmental pressure exceeding capillary filling pressure causes decreased tissue perfusion resulting in progressive ischemic death of compartment contents. Clinical findings can evolve. Serial physical examinations are recommended and, if equivocal, interstitial pressure monitoring is indicated. Definitive management is emergent fasciotomies with incisions designed to decompress the involved hand compartments, which could include the thenar, hypothenar, and interosseous compartments, and the carpal tunnel...
July 2016: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Juan J Fernández-Muñoz, Esperanza Navarro-Pardo, Ricardo F da-Silva-Pocinho, Silvia Ambite-Quesada, Juan A Pareja
OBJECTIVE: Identification of subjects with different sensitization mechanisms can help to identify better therapeutic strategies for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The aim of the current study was to identify subgroups of women with CTS with different levels of sensitization. METHODS: A total of 223 women with CTS were recruited. Self-reported variables included pain intensity, function, disability, and depression. Pressure pain thresholds (PPT) were assessed bilaterally over median, ulnar, and radial nerves, C5-C6 joint, carpal tunnel, and tibialis anterior to assess widespread pressure pain hyperalgesia...
September 2016: Pain Medicine: the Official Journal of the American Academy of Pain Medicine
César Fernández-de-Las-Peñas, Joshua A Cleland, Jaime Salom-Moreno, María Palacios-Ceña, Almudena Martínez-Perez, Juan A Pareja, Ricardo Ortega-Santiago
Study Design Secondary analysis of a randomized trial. Background A clinical prediction rule to identify patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) most likely to respond to manual physical therapy has been published but requires further testing to determine its validity. Objective To assess the validity of a clinical prediction rule proposed for the management of patients with CTS in a different group of patients with a variety of treating clinicians. Methods A preplanned secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial investigating the efficacy of manual physical therapies, including desensitization maneuvers of the central nervous system, in 120 women suffering from CTS was performed...
June 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
Kevin D'Angelo, Deborah Sutton, Pierre Côté, Sarah Dion, Jessica J Wong, Hainan Yu, Kristi Randhawa, Danielle Southerst, Sharanya Varatharajan, Jocelyn Cox Dresser, Courtney Brown, Roger Menta, Margareta Nordin, Heather M Shearer, Arthur Ameis, Maja Stupar, Linda J Carroll, Anne Taylor-Vaisey
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of passive physical modalities compared to other interventions, placebo/sham interventions, or no intervention in improving self-rated recovery, functional recovery, clinical outcomes and/or administrative outcomes (eg, time of disability benefits) in adults and/or children with soft tissue injuries and neuropathies of the wrist and hand. METHODS: We systematically searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, accessed through Ovid Technologies, Inc, and CINAHL Plus with Full Text, accessed through EBSCO host, from 1990 to 2015...
September 2015: Journal of Manipulative and Physiological Therapeutics
César Fernández-de-Las Peñas, Ricardo Ortega-Santiago, Ana I de la Llave-Rincón, Almudena Martínez-Perez, Homid Fahandezh-Saddi Díaz, Javier Martínez-Martín, Juan A Pareja, Maria L Cuadrado-Pérez
UNLABELLED: This randomized clinical trial investigated the effectiveness of surgery compared with physical therapy consisting of manual therapies including desensitization maneuvers in carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). The setting was a public hospital and 2 physical therapy practices in Madrid, Spain. One hundred twenty women with CTS were enrolled between February 2013 and January 2014, with 1-year follow-up completed in January 2015. Interventions consisted of 3 sessions of manual therapies including desensitization maneuvers of the central nervous system (physical therapy group, n = 60) or decompression/release of the carpal tunnel (surgical group, n = 60)...
November 2015: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
Seyed Mansoor Rayegani, Mohammad Hasan Bahrami, Darisuh Eliaspour, Seyed Ahmad Raeissadat, Mostafa Shafi Tabar Samakoosh, Leyla Sedihgipour, Elham Kargozar
INTRODUCTION: Carpal Tunnel Syndrome (CTS) is the most common type of entrapment neuropathy. Conservative therapy is usually considered as the first step in the management of CTS. Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) is among the new physical modalities, which has shown therapeutic effects in CTS. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of applying LASER and splinting together with splinting alone in patients with CTS. METHODS: Fifty patients with mild and moderate CTS who met inclusion criteria were included in this study...
2013: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
Yi-Wei Chang, Shih-Fu Hsieh, Yu-Shiow Horng, Hui-Ling Chen, Kun-Chang Lee, Yi-Shiung Horng
BACKGROUND: Conclusive evidence indicating an effective treatment for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), a common entrapment neuropathy, is lacking. Ultrasound therapy (US therapy) has long been used as one of the combination treatments for CTS. In addition, paraffin bath therapy has been applied widely as a physical modality in treating patients with hand conditions. The purpose of this randomized trial was to compare the efficacy of combining a wrist orthosis with either US therapy or paraffin bath therapy in treating CTS patients...
November 26, 2014: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: Harvard Health Letter
Yi-Shiung Horng, Shih-Fu Hsieh, Ming-Chuan Lin, Yi-Wei Chang, Kun-Chang Lee, Huey-Wen Liang
STUDY DESIGN: Case control study. PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: To evaluate the ultrasonographic median nerve changes under tendon gliding exercise in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) and healthy controls. METHODS: Seventy-three patients with CTS and 53 healthy volunteers were consecutively recruited. Each subject underwent a physical examination, nerve conduction studies and ultrasonographic examinations of the median nerve during tendon gliding exercises...
October 2014: Journal of Hand Therapy: Official Journal of the American Society of Hand Therapists
Bionka M Huisstede, Jan Fridén, J Henk Coert, Peter Hoogvliet
OBJECTIVE: To achieve consensus on a multidisciplinary treatment guideline for carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). DESIGN: Delphi consensus strategy. SETTING: Systematic reviews reporting on the effectiveness of surgical and nonsurgical interventions were conducted and used as an evidence-based starting point for a European Delphi consensus strategy. PARTICIPANTS: In total, 35 experts (hand surgeons selected from the Federation of European Societies for Surgery of the Hand, hand therapists selected from the European Federation of Societies for Hand Therapy, physical medicine and rehabilitation physicians) participated in the Delphi consensus strategy...
December 2014: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
Michael Darowish, Jyoti Sharma
Hand and wrist problems are frequently the cause of patients' complaints in the primary care setting. Common problems include hand numbness, pain, loss of motion, or unexplained masses in the hand. Many problems can be successfully managed or treated with nonoperative measures. This article focuses on commonly encountered causes of chronic hand pain.
July 2014: Medical Clinics of North America
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