keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

brain heart evaluation

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925598/atrophy-of-the-parahippocampal-gyrus-is-prominent-in-heart-failure-patients-without-dementia
#1
Tomomi Meguro, Yuko Meguro, Takeyoshi Kunieda
AIMS: The exacerbation of heart failure (HF) induces brain damage and cognitive impairment (CI), which frequently attenuates the effects of treatment. However, it is not clear whether HF patients without clinical dementia demonstrate increased risk of CI. We examined whether local atrophy in the parahippocampal gyrus, a potential predictor of CI, is prominent in HF patients without clinical dementia. METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty stable HF patients with a history of admission due to decompensated HF or presentation of apparent pulmonary congestion following chest X-ray and 17 controls were enrolled in this observational, analytical, cross-sectional, case-control study...
July 17, 2017: ESC Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917688/a-randomized-trial-of-pocket-echocardiography-integrated-mobile-health-device-assessments-in-modern-structural-heart-disease-clinics
#2
Sanjeev P Bhavnani, Srikanth Sola, David Adams, Ashwin Venkateshvaran, P K Dash, Partho P Sengupta
OBJECTIVES: This study sought to determine whether mobile health (mHealth) device assessments used as clinical decision support tools at the point-of-care can reduce the time to treatment and improve long-term outcomes among patients with rheumatic and structural heart diseases (SHD). BACKGROUND: Newly developed smartphone-connected mHealth devices represent promising methods to diagnose common diseases in resource-limited areas; however, the impact of technology-based care on long-term outcomes has not been rigorously evaluated...
September 9, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917516/impact-of-frailty-on-outcomes-in-patients%C3%A2-undergoing-percutaneous-mitral%C3%A2-valve-repair
#3
Clemens Metze, Anna-Sophie Matzik, Maximilian Scherner, Maria Isabel Körber, Guido Michels, Stephan Baldus, Volker Rudolph, Roman Pfister
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to describe the impact of frailty in patients undergoing percutaneous mitral valve repair (PMVR). BACKGROUND: Frailty is common in elderly patients and those with comorbidities and is associated with adverse prognosis. METHODS: Frailty according to the Fried criteria was assessed in consecutive patients admitted for PMVR. Associations of frailty with 6-week (device success, changes in 6-minute walking distance and Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire and Short Form 36 physical and mental component scores, and improvement ≥1 New York Heart Association functional class) and long-term outcomes during a median follow-up period of 429 days were examined...
September 8, 2017: JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915969/hyperglycemia-in-acute-ischemic-stroke-is-it-time-to-re-evaluate-our-understanding
#4
Rwoof Reshi, Chris Streib, Mustapha Ezzeddine, Michelle Biros, Benjamin Miller, Kamakshi Lakshminarayan, David Anderson, Agnieszka Ardelt
Among 700,000 new and recurrent ischemic stroke patients per year, forty percent are hyperglycemic on admission. In-vitro, hyperglycemia is toxic to neurons. Acute ischemic stroke patients who are hyperglycemic on admission experience higher morbidity and mortality. Results of multiple trials have provided no evidence supporting benefit in achieving normoglycemia. On the contrary, there is some evidence that tight glycemic control in acute brain injury is associated with poor outcome. Current consensus derived guidelines from the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association recommend an upper limit of blood glucose of 140-180mg/dl, as there is no evidence to support strict control...
September 2017: Medical Hypotheses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911655/therapeutic-effects-of-d-aspartate-in-a-mouse-model-of-multiple-sclerosis
#5
Sanaz Afraei, Antimo D'Aniello, Reza Sedaghat, Parvin Ekhtiari, Gholamreza Azizi, Nakisa Tabrizian, Laura Magliozzi, Zahra Aghazadeh, Abbas Mirshafiey
Experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) is an animal model of multiple sclerosis. EAE is mainly mediated by adaptive and innate immune responses that leads to an inflammatory demyelization and axonal damage. The aim of the present research was to examine the therapeutic efficacy of D-aspartic acid (D-Asp) on a mouse EAE model. EAE induction was performed in female C57BL/6 mice by myelin 40 oligodendrocyte glycoprotein (35-55) in a complete Freund's adjuvant emulsion, and D-Asp was used to test its efficiency in the reduction of EAE...
July 2017: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911200/homozygous-eef1a2-mutation-causes-dilated-cardiomyopathy-failure-to-thrive-global-developmental-delay-epilepsy-and-early-death
#6
Siqi Cao, Laura L Smith, Sergio R Padilla-Lopez, Brandon S Guida, Elizabeth Blume, Jiahai Shi, Sarah U Morton, Catherine A Brownstein, Alan H Beggs, Michael C Kruer, Pankaj B Agrawal
Eukaryotic elongation factor 1A (EEF1A), is encoded by two distinct isoforms, EEF1A1 and EEF1A2; whereas EEF1A1 is expressed almost ubiquitously, EEF1A2 expression is limited such that it is only detectable in skeletal muscle, heart, brain and spinal cord. Currently, the role of EEF1A2 in normal cardiac development and function is unclear. There have been several reports linking de novo dominant EEF1A2 mutations to neurological issues in humans. We report a pair of siblings carrying a homozygous missense mutation p...
September 15, 2017: Human Molecular Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904845/biomarker-for-the-prediction-of-major-adverse-cardiac-events-in-patients-with-non-st-segment-elevation-myocardial-infarction
#7
REVIEW
Ho Sun Shon, Jang-Whan Bae, Kyoung Ok Kim, Eun Jong Cha, Kyung Ah Kim
N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) is a well-known biomarker for the diagnosis and prognosis of heart failure, and is directly associated with myocardial dysfunction. We evaluated the prognostic value of NT-proBNP for major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) among patients with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) from the Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry during their mid-term follow-up period. In this paper, we analyzed NT-proBNP according to various MACE and level of NT-proBNP...
August 2017: Osong Public Health and Research Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903405/uptake-of-psma-ligands-in-normal-tissues-is-dependent-on-tumor-load-in-patients-with-prostate-cancer
#8
Florian C Gaertner, Khalil Halabi, Hojjat Ahmadzadehfar, Stefan Kürpig, Elisabeth Eppard, Charalambos Kotsikopoulos, Nikolaos Liakos, Ralph A Bundschuh, Holger Strunk, Markus Essler
Radioligand therapy (RLT) with Lu-177-labeled PSMA-ligands is a new therapy option for prostate cancer. Biodistribution in normal tissues is of interest for therapy planning. We evaluated if the biodistribution of Ga-68-PSMA-11 is influenced by tumor load. RESULTS: In patients with high tumor load, SUVmean was reduced to 61.5% in the lacrimal glands, to 56.6% in the parotid glands, to 63.7% in the submandibular glands, to 61.3% in the sublingual glands and to 55.4% in the kidneys (p < 0...
August 15, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899418/the-effect-of-a-national-web-course-help-brain-heart-as-a-supplemental-learning-tool-before-cpr-training-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#9
Anette Nord, Leif Svensson, Andreas Claesson, Johan Herlitz, Håkan Hult, Susanne Kreitz-Sandberg, Lennart Nilsson
BACKGROUND: The effectiveness of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) learning methods is unclear. Our aim was to evaluate whether a web course before CPR training, teaching the importance of recognition of symptoms of stroke and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and a healthy lifestyle, could influence not only theoretical knowledge but also practical CPR skills or willingness to act in a cardiac arrest situation. METHODS: Classes with 13-year-old students were randomised to CPR training only (control) or a web course plus CPR training (intervention)...
September 12, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28898421/tooth-bleaching-with-low-temperature-plasma-lowers-surface-roughness-and-streptococcus-mutans-adhesion
#10
S-H Nam, S-M Ok, G-C Kim
AIM: To evaluate the structural-morphological changes in enamel surface roughness and Streptococcus mutans adhesion after tooth bleaching using plasma in combination with a low concentration of 15% carbamide peroxide (CP). METHODOLOGYS: Sixty pairs of premolars were randomly assigned to the treatment groups (n = 30; buccal surface, Groups 1A/2A) or controls (n = 30; palatal surface, Groups 1B/2B). Group 1A received a low concentration of 15% CP and low-temperature plasma...
September 12, 2017: International Endodontic Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893764/prevalence-of-cerebral-microbleeds-in-patients-with-continuous-flow-left-ventricular-assist-devices
#11
Daisuke Yoshioka, Shuhei Okazaki, Koichi Toda, Sho Murase, Shunsuke Saito, Keitaro Domae, Shigeru Miyagawa, Yasushi Yoshikawa, Takashi Daimon, Manabu Sakaguchi, Yoshiki Sawa
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) in gradient echo T2*-weighted brain MRI has a positive correlation with hemorrhagic stroke incidence. However, the prevalence of CMBs in patients with left ventricular assist devices (LVADs) has not been evaluated. We evaluated the prevalence of CMBs and the relationship with hemorrhagic stroke incidence in patients with LVADs. METHOD AND RESULTS: We analyzed results from brain MRI in prospective examinations of 35 consecutive patients who had undergone LVAD explantation for heart transplantation or recovery since 2011...
September 11, 2017: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893026/superior-vena-cava-as-gateway-to-heart-metastatic-breast-carcinoma-causing-ball-in-a-loop-metastasis-to-right-atrium
#12
Harpreet Singh Sandhu, Sampath Kumar Mahadevappa Mahendrakar, Sulaiman Sadruddin Ladhani, Azizullah Hafizullah Khan, Yunus Shafi Loya
Breast carcinoma is the most common invasive cancer in women worldwide. It metastasizes commonly to bone, lungs, regional lymph nodes and brain. Cardiac metastasis of lung and breast cancers is a known but rare complication of advanced disease with tumour metastasising to pericardium via the locoregional lymphatic system. Here we present a case of 59-year-old female presenting with right upper limb oedema, facial puffiness and features of Superior Vena Cava (SVC) syndrome 15 years after mastectomy and adjuvant chemotherapy, radiotherapy for carcinoma of the right breast...
July 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892566/brain-heart-interactions-reveal-consciousness-in-non-communicating-patients
#13
Federico Raimondo, Benjamin Rohaut, Athena Demertzi, Melanie Valente, Denis Engemann, Moti Salti, Diego Fernandez Slezak, Lionel Naccache, Jacobo D Sitt
Objective We here aimed at characterizing heart-brain interactions in patients with disorders of consciousness. We tested how this information impacts data-driven classification between unresponsive and minimally conscious patients. Methods A cohort of 127 patients in vegetative state/unresponsive wakefulness syndrome (VS/UWS, n=70) and minimally conscious state (MCS, n=57) were presented with the 'Local-Global' auditory oddball paradigm, which distinguishes two levels of processing: short-term deviation of local auditory regularities and global long-term rule violations...
September 11, 2017: Annals of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892213/evaluation-of-longitudinal-and-radial-left-ventricular-functions-using-two-and-three-dimensional-echocardiography-before-and-after-intravenous-immunoglobulin-administration-in-patients-with-acute-kawasaki-disease
#14
Ikuo Hashimoto, Yu Saitou, Nao Sakata, Ko Shibata
BACKGROUND: The relationship between left ventricular (LV) function and longitudinal or radial contraction has not yet been elucidated in patients with acute Kawasaki disease (KD), especially before and after intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) administration. METHODS: We studied 28 KD patients without coronary aneurysms (average 3.2 years). The LV end-diastolic volume (LVEDV), end-systolic volume (LVESV), stroke volume (LVSV), and ejection fraction (LVEF) were assessed using three-dimensional echocardiography before IVIG, after IVIG administration, and in the convalescent phase...
September 11, 2017: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891012/visualization-of-multiple-organ-amyloid-involvement-in-systemic-amyloidosis-using-11-c-pib-pet-imaging
#15
Naoki Ezawa, Nagaaki Katoh, Kazuhiro Oguchi, Tsuneaki Yoshinaga, Masahide Yazaki, Yoshiki Sekijima
PURPOSE: To investigate the utility of Pittsburgh compound B (PiB) positron emission tomography (PET) imaging for evaluating whole-body amyloid involvement in patients with systemic amyloidosis. METHODS: Whole-body (11)C-PiB PET was performed in seven patients with systemic immunoglobulin light-chain (AL) amyloidosis, seven patients with hereditary transthyretin (ATTRm) amyloidosis, one asymptomatic TTR mutation carrier and three healthy controls. The correlations between clinical organ involvement, radiological (11)C-PiB uptake and histopathological findings were analysed for each organ...
September 10, 2017: European Journal of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885723/biofilm-formation-of-beta-hemolytic-group-g-streptococcus-dysgalactiae-subspecies-equisimilis-isolates-and-its-association-with-emm-polymorphism
#16
Jui-Shan Ma, Sin-Yu Chen, Hsueh-Hsia Lo
Biofilm formation has been well known as a determinant of bacterial virulence. Group G Streptococcus dysgalactiae subspecies equisimilis (SDSE), a relevant pathogen with increasing medical importance, was evaluated for the biofilm-forming potential. Microtiter plate assay was used to assess the most feasible medium for group G SDSE to form a biofilm. Among 246 SDSE isolates examined, 46.7%, 43.5%, 33.3%, and 26.4% of isolates showed moderate or strong biofilm-forming abilities using tryptic soy broth (TSB), brain heart infusion broth (BHI), Todd-Hewitt broth (THB), and C medium with 30 mM glucose (CMG), respectively...
September 8, 2017: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882917/effects-of-cerebral-near-infrared-spectroscopy-on-the-outcome-of-patients-undergoing-cardiac-surgery-a-systematic-review-of-randomised-trials
#17
Giuseppe Filiberto Serraino, Gavin J Murphy
OBJECTIVES: Goal-directed optimisation of cerebral oxygenation using near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) during cardiopulmonary bypass is widely used. We tested the hypotheses that the use of NIRS cerebral oximetry results in reductions in cerebral injury (neurocognitive function, serum biomarkers), injury to other organs including the heart and brain, transfusion rates, mortality and resource use. DESIGN: Systematic review and meta-analysis. SETTING: Tertiary cardiac surgery centres in North America, Europe and Asia...
September 7, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28879597/prenatal-congenital-vertical-talus-rocker-bottom-foot-a-marker-for-multisystem-anomalies
#18
Eva I Rubio, Nimisha Mehta, Anna R Blask, Dorothy I Bulas
BACKGROUND: Congenital vertical talus is a rare foot anomaly characterized by a prominent calcaneus and rigid forefoot dorsiflexion. While congenital vertical talus has been associated with anomalies such as trisomy 18, myelomeningocele and arthrogryposis, postnatal series have reported cases of isolated congenital vertical talus. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of our study was to determine the incidence of isolated congenital vertical talus prenatally and identify the most common anomalies associated with this finding...
September 6, 2017: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878520/standardization-and-classification-of-in-vitro-biofilm-formation-by-clinical-isolates-of-staphylococcus-aureus
#19
Ashish Kumar Singh, Pradyot Prakash, Arvind Achra, Gyan Prakash Singh, Arghya Das, Rakesh Kumar Singh
BACKGROUND: Staphylococcus aureus is Gram-positive bacterium commonly associated with nosocomial infections. The development of biofilm exhibiting drug resistance especially in foreign body associated infections has enabled the bacterium to draw considerable attention. However, till date, consensus guidelines for in vitro biofilm quantitation and categorization criterion for the bacterial isolates based on biofilm-forming capacity are lacking. Therefore, it was intended to standardize in vitro biofilm formation by clinical isolates of S...
July 2017: Journal of Global Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28877576/unusual-location-of-hydatid-cysts-report-of-two-cases-in-the-heart-and-hip-joint-of-romanian-patients
#20
Simona Gurzu, Marius Alexandru Beleaua, Emeric Egyed-Zsigmond, Ioan Jung
Hydatid cyst is usually located in the liver and lungs, rare cases showing localization in other organs or tissues. In the unusual location, echinococcosis is an excluding diagnosis that is established only after microscopic evaluation. Our first case occurred in a 67-year-old female previously diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis and hospitalized with persistent pain in the hip joint. The clinical diagnosis was tuberculosis of the joint, but the presence of the specific acellular membrane indicated a hydatid cyst of the synovial membrane, without bone involvement...
August 2017: Korean Journal of Parasitology
keyword
keyword
99150
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"