Read by QxMD icon Read


Lesley J Scott
Oral abiraterone acetate (Zytiga(®)) is a selective inhibitor of CYP17 and thereby inhibits androgen biosynthesis, with androgen signalling crucial in the progression from primary to metastatic prostate cancer (PC) and subsequently, in the development of metastatic castration-resistant PC (mCRPC). In large phase 3 trials and in the clinical practice setting, oral abiraterone acetate in combination with prednisone was an effective treatment and had an acceptable, manageable tolerability and safety profile in chemotherapy-naive and docetaxel-experienced men with mCRPC...
September 2017: Drugs
Tamás Solymosi, Zsolt Ötvös, Réka Angi, Betti Ordasi, Tamás Jordán, László Molnár, John McDermott, Vanessa Zann, Ann Church, Stuart Mair, Genovéva Filipcsei, Gábor Heltovics, Hristos Glavinas
PURPOSE: Zytiga (abiraterone acetate, AA) is known to exhibit very low bioavailability and a significant positive food effect in men. The unfavorable pharmacokinetic properties are attributed to the inadequate and variable dissolution of the compound. Using a continuous flow precipitation technology, a novel AA formulation has been developed with improved solubility and dissolution characteristics. The current study was performed to evaluate the pharmacokinetics and safety of this novel formulation in healthy volunteers...
October 2017: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
Mariana Reza, Mattias Ohlsson, Reza Kaboteh, Aseem Anand, Ingela Franck-Lissbrant, Jan-Erik Damber, Anders Widmark, Camilla Thellenberg-Karlsson, Lars Budäus, Thomas Steuber, Till Eichenauer, Per Wollmer, Lars Edenbrandt, Elin Trägårdh, Anders Bjartell
BACKGROUND: Abiraterone acetate (AA) prolongs survival in metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) patients. To measure treatment response accurately in bone, quantitative methods are needed. The Bone Scan Index (BSI), a prognostic imaging biomarker, reflects the tumour burden in bone as a percentage of the total skeletal mass calculated from bone scintigraphy. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the value of BSI as a biomarker for outcome evaluation in mCRPC patients on treatment with AA according to clinical routine...
December 2016: European Urology Focus
Bram L T Ramaekers, Rob Riemsma, Florian Tomini, Thea van Asselt, Sohan Deshpande, Steven Duffy, Nigel Armstrong, Johan L Severens, Jos Kleijnen, Manuela A Joore
The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited Janssen, the company manufacturing abiraterone acetate (AA; tradename Zytiga® ), to submit evidence for the clinical and cost effectiveness of AA in combination with prednisone/prednisolone (AAP) compared with watchful waiting (i.e. best supportive care [BSC]) for chemotherapy-naïve patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Kleijnen Systematic Reviews Ltd (KSR), in collaboration with Maastricht University Medical Center, was commissioned as the Evidence Review Group (ERG)...
February 2017: PharmacoEconomics
Trevor M Penning, Daniel Tamae
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Androgen deprivation therapy is a cornerstone in the treatment of advanced prostate cancer and has extended the lives of countless patients. Unfortunately, many of these patients eventually succumb to metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). The efficacy of abiraterone acetate (AA, Zytiga) and enzalutamide (Enza, Xtandi) in the mCRPC setting prove that these tumors remain androgen-driven. We review recent studies that have shown that intratumoral androgen biosynthesis plays a significant role in the ever-evolving mCRPC tumor and we discuss the therapeutic implications of these findings...
June 2016: Current Opinion in Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Obesity
Johanna Svensson, Emelie Andersson, Ulf Persson, Thomas Edekling, Anna Ovanfors, Göran Ahlgren
OBJECTIVE: In a randomized clinical trial (COU-AA-301), abiraterone acetate (Zytiga(®)) was shown to be superior to prednisone in the treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). However, the value of abiraterone treatment for patients with mCRPC in clinical practice in Sweden is not known. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes and treatment patterns of abiraterone treatment in a Swedish observational study to those of the pivotal clinical trial, thereby discussing the external validity of the postchemotherapy clinical trial from a Swedish perspective...
August 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Urology
Thenappan Chandrasekar, Joy C Yang, Allen C Gao, Christopher P Evans
Despite advances in prostate cancer diagnosis and management, morbidity from prostate cancer remains high. Approximately 20% of men present with advanced or metastatic disease, while 29,000 men continue to die of prostate cancer each year. Androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) has been the standard of care for initial management of advanced or metastatic prostate cancer since Huggins and Hodges first introduced the concept of androgen-dependence in 1972, but progression to castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) occurs within 2-3 years of initiation of ADT...
June 2015: Translational Andrology and Urology
Frank dela Rama, Caroline Pratz
BACKGROUND: Treatment of metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) has evolved rapidly. In particular, five new treatments that extend survival in mCRPC have been approved since 2010, including the chemotherapy cabazitaxel (Jevtana®), hormonal agents abiraterone (Zytiga®) and enzalutamide (Xtandi®), vaccine sipuleucel-T (Provenge®), and radiopharmaceutical radium-223 (Xofigo®); all have different indications and toxicity profiles. OBJECTIVES: This review discusses treatment advances in mCRPC, including considerations for side-effect management and treatment sequencing...
December 2015: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
Michiko Iwata, Kenichiro Tsutsumi, Yasushi Harada
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2015: Nihon Yakurigaku Zasshi. Folia Pharmacologica Japonica
Tian Zhang, Jason Zhu, Daniel J George, Andrew J Armstrong
INTRODUCTION: Over the past decade, treatment options for men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) have expanded with the addition of abiraterone acetate (AA), enzalutamide, sipuleucel-T, radium-223, docetaxel and cabazitaxel. The optimal sequencing of therapies in the context of efficacy and known cross-resistance remains uncertain. AREAS COVERED: We review the development of enzalutamide (MDV3100, Xtandi), a novel second-generation androgen receptor (AR), and AA (Zytiga), a selective, irreversible inhibitor of cytochrome P17...
March 2015: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy
Benyi Li, Aijing Sun, Wencong Jiang, J Brantley Thrasher, Paul Terranova
Prostate cancers in the castration-resistant stage are life-threatening because they are not curable in clinic. The novel androgen receptor inhibitor Xandi (Enzalutamide) and the new CYP17 inhibitor Zytiga (Abiraterone) prolonged patient survival only a few months in advanced prostate cancers. Therefore, novel therapeutic agents for advanced prostate cancers are urgently needed. PI-3 kinases are major intracellular signaling molecules that regulate multiple signal pathways related to cellular metabolism, cytokinesis, growth and survival...
2014: American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Urology
Yukiko Nishimura, Harumi Mukai, Kazumi Suzukawa, Ryo Oyama
Abiraterone acetate(AA)has been approved in more than 80 countries for the treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer(mCRPC). In July 2013, a marketing approval application for AA was submitted to the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labour, and Welfare. AA is a selective inhibitor of CYP17A1, a crucial enzyme for androgen biosynthesis. AA exerts its anti-tumor activity by directly inhibiting androgen production at all three sources, i. e., the testes, adrenal glands, and tumor itself...
July 2014: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Alexandre V Ivachtchenko, Oleg D Mitkin, Elizaveta V Kudan, Alexey A Rjahovsky, Anton A Vorobiev, Andrey S Trifelenkov, Natalia A Shevkun, Oxana V Proskurina, Dmitry V Kravchenko, Ruben N Karapetian
Recently new drugs targeting androgen-dependent axis have been approved for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC) - Zytiga and Xtandi (formerly MDV3100), several other candidates (for example, ARN-509) are in early phases of clinical trials. However despite significant improvement in overall survival with new treatments it is evident that resistance to these drugs develops. One of the approaches to overcome it is combination therapy and from this point of view some potential for drug-drug interactions can limit the application of the drug...
2014: Journal of Cancer
Sheridan M Hoy
Abiraterone acetate (Zytiga(®)) is an orally administered, selective inhibitor of the 17α-hydroxylase and C17,20-lyase enzymatic activities of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 17. CYP17 is required for androgen biosynthesis, with androgen receptor signalling crucial in the progression from primary to metastatic prostate cancer. Abiraterone acetate is approved in the European Union and the US, in combination with prednisone or prednisolone, for the treatment of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC)...
December 2013: Drugs
Paul G Kluetz, Yang-Min Ning, V Ellen Maher, Lijun Zhang, Shenghui Tang, Debasis Ghosh, Robeena Aziz, Todd Palmby, Elimika Pfuma, Jeanne Fourie Zirkelbach, Nitin Mehrotra, Amy Tilley, Rajeshwari Sridhara, Amna Ibrahim, Robert Justice, Richard Pazdur
On December 10, 2012, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration granted full approval for a modified indication for abiraterone acetate (Zytiga tablets; Janssen Biotech, Inc.) in combination with prednisone for the treatment of patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). The approval was based on clinical trial COU-AA-302, which randomly allocated asymptomatic or mildly symptomatic patients with chemotherapy-naïve mCRPC and no visceral metastases to either abiraterone acetate plus prednisone (N = 546) or placebo plus prednisone (N = 542)...
December 15, 2013: Clinical Cancer Research: An Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Research
Tamara Goldberg, Evangelina Berrios-Colon
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2013: P & T: a Peer-reviewed Journal for Formulary Management
C Monneret
Among the 35 new molecular entities approved by the FDA in 2011, 17 were particularly notable for their significant contributions to the health of patients, including abiraterone acetate, vandetanib, belatacept and fidaxomicin. Thus, abiraterone acetate, namely Zytiga®, was included as the first in a new class of drugs to treat late-stage prostate cancer. The ability of Zytiga® to prolong survival in these patients was considered as significant because they have few other treatments options and the benefits of Zytiga® outweighed the risks of reported side-effects...
March 2013: Annales Pharmaceutiques Françaises
B Sautois, C Gennigens
Docetaxel chemotherapy is a standard treatment for fit men with symptomatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Unfortunately docetaxel resistant disease will systematically develop and second-line treatment may be appropriate. Until recently no standard treatment was approved in this setting and mitoxantrone was commonly used. Three new drugs have shown benefit in randomised phase 3 multicenter clinical trials published since 2010. Cabazitaxel, abiraterone and enzalutamide were shown to prolong overall survival of men with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer previously treated with chemotherapy...
February 2013: Revue Médicale de Liège
Robert J Cersosimo
OBJECTIVE: To review the activity of 3 new agents approved for the management of advanced castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC): sipuleucel-T, cabazitaxel, and abiraterone acetate. DATA SOURCES: Literature was accessed through MEDLINE (1977-June 2012) and abstracts from the American Society of Clinical Oncology (2000-2012) using the terms castration-resistant and hormone-refractory prostate cancer, sipuleucel-T, cabazitaxel, abiraterone, Provenge, Jevtana, and Zytiga...
November 2012: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Bengt Jönsson, Nils Wilking
Public payment is key to market access for new therapeutics including cancer vaccines and cancer immunotherapeutics. However, the methodology for economic evaluation aimed at informing decisions about pricing and reimbursement is different for cancer vaccines, such as HPV for preventing the occurrence or incidence of cancer, and immunotherapeutics for treatment of patients with manifest cancer. Vaccination against HPV is a traditional public health intervention, where the role of economic evaluation is to inform decisions about optimal vaccination strategies...
September 2012: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"