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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846063/comparison-of-cysts-in-red-and-green-images-for-diabetic-macular-edema
#1
Mastour A Alhamami, Ann E Elsner, Victor E Malinovsky, Christopher A Clark, Bryan P Haggerty, Glen Y Ozawa, Jorge A Cuadros, Karthikeyan Baskaran, Thomas J Gast, Taras V Litvin, Matthew S Muller, Shane G Brahm, Stuart B Young, Masahiro Miura
PURPOSE: To investigate whether cysts in diabetic macular edema are better visualized in the red channel of color fundus camera images, as compared with the green channel, because color fundus camera screening methods that emphasize short-wavelength light may miss cysts in patients with dark fundi or changes to outer blood retinal barrier. METHODS: Fundus images for diabetic retinopathy photoscreening were acquired for a study with Aeon Imaging, EyePACS, University of California Berkeley, and Indiana University...
November 11, 2016: Optometry and Vision Science: Official Publication of the American Academy of Optometry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27844247/a-profile-on-emergency-department-utilization-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
Guodong Liu, Amanda M Pearl, Lan Kong, Douglas L Leslie, Michael J Murray
There has been an increase in utilization of the Emergency Department (ED) in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) which may reflect a deficit of services (Green et al., Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 40(3):325-332, 2001; Gurney et al., Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine 160:825-830, 2006; Leichtman et al., American Journal of Orthopsyhciatry 72(2):227-235, 2001). The current study examined the rates of ED utilization between 2005 and 2013 in ASD youth 12- to 21-years-old...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27826623/-corrigendum-adenovirus-mediated-overexpression-of-bmp-9-inhibits-human-osteosarcoma-cell-growth-and-migration-through-downregulation-of-the-pi3k-akt-pathway
#3
Bo Li, Yuehua Yang, Shengdan Jiang, Binbin Ni, Ke Chen, Leisheng Jiang
Following the publication of this article, an interested reader drew to our attention an anomaly associated with the presentation of the western blots in Fig. 4B and C. These contained the same GAPDH control data, even though Fig. 4B and C were intended to show the inhibition of osteosarcoma cell migration by a recombinant adenovirus (ad) expressing bone morphogenetic protein 9 (adBMP-9) in two different cell lines, MG-63 and HOS, respectively. After having re-examined our original data, we realize that the same GAPDH control bands were inadvertently selected for Fig...
November 2016: International Journal of Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824724/multiple-evanescent-white-dot-syndrome-with-central-visual-loss
#4
Gaetano R Barile, Sarah A Harmon
PURPOSE: To report the clinical case of a 64-year-old man who developed several features of multiple evanescent white dot syndrome (MEWDS) but with central visual loss that persisted because of significant structural macular disease. METHODS: A case report was generated by a review of the clinical course and imaging investigations of one patient, along with review of the literature. RESULTS: A 64-year-old man noted decreased vision in the right eye for 2 weeks, associated with a central scotoma with shimmering, gauze effect of the vision...
November 7, 2016: Retinal Cases & Brief Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27813665/the-impact-of-trap-type-and-design-features-on-survey-and-detection-of-bark-and-woodboring-beetles-and-their-associates-a-review-and-meta-analysis
#5
Jeremy D Allison, Richard A Redak
A large literature on the survey and detection of forest Coleoptera and their associates exists. Identification of patterns in the effect of trap types and design features among guilds and families of forest insects would facilitate the optimization and development of intercept traps for use in management programs.Wereviewed the literature on trapping bark and woodboring beetles and their associates and conducted meta-analyses to examine patterns in effects across guilds and families; we observed the following general patterns: (a) Panel traps were superior to multiple-funnel traps, (b) bark beetles and woodborers were captured in higher numbers in traps treated with a surface treatment to make them slippery than untreated traps, (c) panel and multiple-funnel traps equipped with wet cups outperformed traps with dry cups, (d) black traps were superior to white and clear traps, and (e) purple traps were as good as or superior to green traps for Agrilus spp...
November 2, 2016: Annual Review of Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805797/data-that-drive-closing-the-loop-in-the-learning-hospital-system
#6
Vincent X Liu, John W Morehouse, Jennifer M Baker, John D Greene, Patricia Kipnis, Gabriel J Escobar
The learning healthcare system describes a vision of US healthcare that capitalizes on science, information technology, incentives, and care culture to drive improvements in the quality of health care. The inpatient setting, one of the most costly and impactful domains of healthcare, is an ideal setting in which to use data and information technology to foster continuous learning and quality improvement. The rapid digitization of inpatient medicine offers incredible new opportunities to use data from routine care to generate new discovery and thus close the virtuous cycle of learning...
November 2016: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27798024/rehabilitation-enablement-in-chronic-heart-failure-a-facilitated-self-care-rehabilitation-intervention-in-patients-with-heart-failure-with-preserved-ejection-fraction-reach-hfpef-and-their-caregivers-rationale-and-protocol-for-a-single-centre-pilot-randomised
#7
V Eyre, C C Lang, K Smith, K Jolly, R Davis, C Hayward, J Wingham, C Abraham, C Green, F C Warren, N Britten, C J Greaves, P Doherty, J Austin, R Van Lingen, S Singh, S Buckingham, K Paul, R S Taylor, H M Dalal
INTRODUCTION: The Rehabilitation EnAblement in CHronic Heart Failure in patients with Heart Failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (REACH-HFpEF) pilot trial is part of a research programme designed to develop and evaluate a facilitated, home-based, self-help rehabilitation intervention to improve self-care and quality of life (QoL) in heart failure patients and their caregivers. We will assess the feasibility of a definitive trial of the REACH-HF intervention in patients with HFpEF and their caregivers...
October 25, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27797988/cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-study-protocols-of-the-adiposity-and-bone-metabolism-effects-of-exercise-induced-weight-loss-in-obese-adolescents-adibox-project
#8
Elodie Chaplais, Frédéric Dutheil, Geraldine Naughton, David Greene, Bruno Pereira, David Thivel, Daniel Courteix
INTRODUCTION: A need exists for sustainable and clinically effective weight management interventions, suitable for preventing well-linked chronic disease such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease and some less investigated secondary conditions such as bone alteration. The ADIposity and BOne metabolism: effects of eXercise-induced weight loss in obese adolescents (ADIBOX) protocol was designed to provide a better understanding of the interaction between adipokines and bone hormones in adolescents with obesity and how a 10-month physical activity programme may affect these interactions...
October 18, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27792042/sentinel-lymph-nodes-mapping-in-cervical-cancer-a-comprehensive-review
#9
Yasser Diab
OBJECTIVE: A comprehensive literature search for more recent studies pertaining to sentinel lymph node mapping in the surveillance of cervical cancer to assess if sentinel lymph node mapping has sensitivity and specificity for evaluation of the disease; assessment of posttreatment response and disease recurrence in cervical cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The literature review has been constructed on a step wise study design that includes 5 major steps. This includes search for relevant publications in various available databases, application of inclusion and exclusion criteria for the selection of relevant publications, assessment of quality of the studies included, extraction of the relevant data and coherent synthesis of the data...
October 27, 2016: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27787504/parental-perception-of-child-vulnerability-among-mothers-of-very-low-birth-weight-infants-psychological-predictors-and-neurodevelopmental-sequelae-at-2-years
#10
M M Greene, B Rossman, P Meier, K Patra
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to examine the impact of maternal psychological distress on the development of parental perception of child vulnerability (PPCV) in mothers of very low birth weight (VLBW) infants; and to examine the impact of PPCV on neurodevelopmental outcome in VLBW infants in the second year of life. STUDY DESIGN: This is a prospective study of 69 mothers and their VLBW infants recruited from 2011 to 2012 for whom maternal psychological data were collected during the neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization...
October 27, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779617/diversity-and-oceanic-distribution-of-prasinophytes-clade-vii-the-dominant-group-of-green-algae-in-oceanic-waters
#11
Adriana Lopes Dos Santos, Priscillia Gourvil, Margot Tragin, Mary-Hélène Noël, Johan Decelle, Sarah Romac, Daniel Vaulot
Prasinophytes clade VII is a group of pico/nano-planktonic green algae (division Chlorophyta) for which numerous ribosomal RNA (rRNA) sequences have been retrieved from the marine environment in the last 15 years. A large number of strains have also been isolated but have not yet received a formal taxonomic description. A phylogenetic analysis of available strains using both the nuclear 18S and plastidial 16S rRNA genes demonstrates that this group composes at least 10 different clades: A1-A7 and B1-B3. Analysis of sequences from the variable V9 region of the 18S rRNA gene collected during the Tara Oceans expedition and in the frame of the Ocean Sampling Day consortium reveal that clade VII is the dominant Chlorophyta group in oceanic waters, replacing Mamiellophyceae, which have this role in coastal waters...
October 25, 2016: ISME Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27698343/green-tea-reduces-body-fat-via-upregulation-of-neprilysin
#12
M Muenzner, N Tappenbeck, F Gembardt, R Rülke, J Furkert, M F Melzig, W-E Siems, G A Brockmann, T Walther
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Consumption of green tea has become increasingly popular, particularly because of claimed reduction in body weight. We recently reported that animals with pharmacological inhibition (by candoxatril) or genetic absence of the endopeptidase neprilysin (NEP) develop an obese phenotype. We now investigated the effect of green tea extract (in drinking water) on body weight and body composition and the mediating role of NEP. SUBJECTS/METHODS: To elucidate the role of NEP in mediating the beneficial effects of green tea extract, 'Berlin fat mice' or NEP-deficient mice and their age- and gender-matched wild-type controls received the extract in two different doses (300 or 600 mg kg(-1) body weight per day) in the drinking water...
November 8, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697869/improving-the-well-being-of-men-by-evaluating-and-addressing-the-gastrointestinal-late-effects-eagle-of-radical-treatment-for-prostate-cancer-study-protocol-for-a-mixed-method-implementation-project
#13
Sophia Taylor, Weyinmi Demeyin, Ann Muls, Catherine Ferguson, Damian J J Farnell, David Cohen, Jervoise Andreyev, John Green, Lesley Smith, Sam Ahmedzai, Sara Pickett, Annmarie Nelson, John Staffurth
INTRODUCTION: Radiotherapy treatment for prostate cancer can cause bowel problems, which may lead to severe difficulties for cancer survivors including limiting travel, work or socialising. These symptoms can appear at any time following radiotherapy. This study focuses on the early identification and protocol-based management of effects known to cause long-term, or even permanent, changes to the well-being of prostate cancer survivors. The rationale of this study is to improve the care offered to men and their families following pelvic radiotherapy for prostate cancer...
October 3, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27694339/journal-of-cell-science-is-going-green
#14
Michael Way
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692891/sustainable-infrastructure-a-review-and-a-research-agenda
#15
Antônio Márcio Tavares Thomé, Paula Santos Ceryno, Annibal Scavarda, Arne Remmen
This paper proposes a taxonomy of themes and a research agenda on sustainable infrastructure, with a focus on sustainable buildings (SB) and green infrastructure (GI). The citation databases of Web of Science formed the basis for a novel strategic thematic analysis of co-citation and co-occurrence of keywords with a longitudinal identification of themes during the last two decades (from 1995 to 2015) of an emerging and ever growing research area. SI is a multidisciplinary endeavour, including a diversified array of disciplines as general engineering, environmental ecology, construction, architecture, urban planning, and geography...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668024/effervescent-n-acetylcysteine-tablets-versus-oral-solution-n-acetylcysteine-in-fasting-healthy-adults-an-open-label-randomized-single-dose-crossover-relative-bioavailability-study
#16
Spencer C Greene, Patrick K Noonan, Carlos Sanabria, W Frank Peacock
BACKGROUND: Oral solution N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is an antidote for acetaminophen overdose, but its unpleasant taste and aroma can impede delivery even after the coadministration of antiemetic medications. Flavored effervescent NAC tablets dissolved in water might be a more palatable formulation than oral solution NAC diluted with soft drink. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relative bioavailability of these 2 formulations and assess subjective preferences between them...
2016: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632160/correction-identification-of-qtl-for-early-vigor-and-stay-green-conferring-tolerance-to-drought-in-two-connected-advanced-backcross-populations-in-tropical-maize-zea-mays-l
#17
Samuel Trachsel, Dapeng Sun, Felix M SanVicente, Hongjian Zheng, Edgar Antonio Suarez, Raman Babu, Xuecai Zhang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149636.].
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27609489/nanostructured-silicon-via-metal-assisted-catalyzed-etch-mace-chemistry-fundamentals-and-pattern-engineering
#18
Fatima Toor, Jeffrey B Miller, Lauren M Davidson, Logan Nichols, Wenqi Duan, Michael P Jura, Joanne Yim, Joanne Forziati, Marcie R Black
There are a range of different methods to generate a nanostructured surface on silicon (Si) but the most cost effective and optically interesting is the metal assisted wet chemical etching (MACE) (Koynov et al 2006 Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 203107). MACE of Si is a controllable, room-temperature wet-chemical technique that uses a thin layer of metal to etch the surface of Si, leaving behind various nano- and micro-scale surface features or 'black silicon'. MACE-fabricated nanowires (NWs) provide improved antireflection and light trapping functionality (Toor et al 2016 Nanoscale 8 15448-66) compared with the traditional 'iso-texturing' (Campbell and Green 1987 J...
October 14, 2016: Nanotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591671/rp-hplc%C3%A3-hilic-chromatography-for-quantifying-ertapenem-sodium-with-a-look-at-green-chemistry
#19
Tahisa M Pedroso, Ana C D Medeiros, Herida R N Salgado
Ertapenem sodium is a polar and ionizable compound; therefore, it has little retention on traditional C18 columns in reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, even using a highly-aqueous mobile phase that can result in dewetting in the stationary phase. Thus, the most coherent process for ERTM is to develop a method for Hydrophilic Interaction Chromatography. However, for the traditional methods in HILIC, the use of a highly organic mobile phase is necessary; usually an amount exceeding 80% acetonitrile is necessary...
November 1, 2016: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27570259/design-approaches-to-experimental-mediation
#20
Angela G Pirlott, David P MacKinnon
Identifying causal mechanisms has become a cornerstone of experimental social psychology, and editors in top social psychology journals champion the use of mediation methods, particularly innovative ones when possible (e.g. Halberstadt, 2010, Smith, 2012). Commonly, studies in experimental social psychology randomly assign participants to levels of the independent variable and measure the mediating and dependent variables, and the mediator is assumed to causally affect the dependent variable. However, participants are not randomly assigned to levels of the mediating variable(s), i...
September 2016: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
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