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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328875/environmental-determinants-of-breast-cancer
#1
Robert A Hiatt, Julia Green Brody
In the United States, breast cancer is the most common invasive malignancy and the second most common cause of death from cancer in women. Reproductive factors, estrogen, and progesterone have major causal roles, but concerns about other potential causes in the external environment continue to drive research inquiries and stimulate calls for action at the policy level. The environment is defined as anything that is not genetic and includes social, built, and chemical toxicant aspects. This review covers the scope of known and suspected environmental factors that have been associated with breast cancer and illustrates how epidemiology, toxicology, and mechanistic studies work together to create the full picture of environmental effects on this malignancy...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328874/neighborhood-interventions-to-reduce-violence
#2
Michelle C Kondo, Elena Andreyeva, Eugenia C South, John M MacDonald, Charles C Branas
Violence is a widespread problem that affects the physical, mental, and social health of individuals and communities. Violence comes with an immense economic cost to its victims and society at large. Although violence interventions have traditionally targeted individuals, changes to the built environment in places where violence occurs show promise as practical, sustainable, and high-impact preventive measures. This review examines studies that use quasi-experimental or experimental designs to compare violence outcomes for treatment and control groups before and after a change is implemented in the built environment...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328864/building-evidence-for-health-green-buildings-current-science-and-future-challenges
#3
J G Cedeño-Laurent, A Williams, P MacNaughton, X Cao, E Eitland, J Spengler, J Allen
Civilizational challenges have questioned the status quo of energy and material consumption by humans. From the built environment perspective, a response to these challenges was the creation of green buildings. Although the revolutionary capacity of the green building movement has elevated the expectations of new commercial construction, its rate of implementation has secluded the majority of the population from its benefits. Beyond reductions in energy usage and increases in market value, the main strength of green buildings may be the procurement of healthier building environments...
January 12, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323610/the-debate-about-electronic-cigarettes-harm-minimization-or-the-precautionary-principle
#4
Lawrence W Green, Jonathan E Fielding, Ross C Brownson
Two contrasting reviews (authored by Abrams et al. and Glanz & Bareham) in this volume have reached opposing conclusions on the effects of electronic cigarettes in a debate that is dividing the scientific and professional communities that have devoted careers to controlling the manufacture, advertising, sale, and use of combustible cigarettes. The research on the types, degree, and extent of harm from e-cigarettes is far from complete and, together with trends in teenage smoking and vaping, has raised new questions and prospects about the potential benefits that the new electronic products offer smokers of combustible cigarettes in quitting or at least cutting back on the known risks associated with the traditional forms of smoking...
January 11, 2018: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29242806/comparison-of-the-source-and-quality-of-information-on-the-internet-between-anterolateral-ligament-reconstruction-and-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction-an-australian-experience
#5
Brian M Devitt, Taylor Hartwig, Haydn Klemm, Filip T Cosic, James Green, Kate E Webster, Julian A Feller, Joseph F Baker
Background: The internet is a valuable tool, but concerns exist regarding the quality and accuracy of medical information available online. Purpose: To evaluate the source and quality of information on the internet relating to anterolateral ligament reconstruction (ALLR) compared with anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction (ACLR). Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Methods: A questionnaire was administered to 50 ACLR patients in Australia to determine their use of the internet to research their operation and their familiarity with the anterolateral ligament (ALL) of the knee...
December 2017: Orthopaedic Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227720/important-new-indexing-and-citation-opportunities-for-the-journal-of-chiropractic-education
#6
Bart N Green
This editorial discusses the recent inclusion of the Journal of Chiropractic Education in Scopus and places this accomplishment in context of the growth of the journal over the past 12 years. New open access reference cross-linking is also introduced.
December 11, 2017: Journal of Chiropractic Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211707/obesity-and-obesogenic-growth-are-both-highly-heritable-and-modified-by-diet-in-a-nonhuman-primate-model-the-african-green-monkey-chlorocebus-aethiops-sabaeus
#7
C A Schmitt, S K Service, A J Jasinska, T D Dyer, M J Jorgensen, R M Cantor, G M Weinstock, J Blangero, J R Kaplan, N B Freimer
OBJECTIVE: In humans, the ontogeny of obesity throughout the life course and the genetics underlying it has been historically difficult to study. We compared, in a non-human primate model, the lifelong growth trajectories of obese and non-obese adults, to assess the heritability of and map potential genomic regions implicated in growth and obesity. STUDY POPULATION: A total of 905 African green monkeys, or vervets (Chlorocebus aethiops sabaeus) (472 females, 433 males) from a pedigreed captive colony...
December 6, 2017: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169183/myc-regulation-of-glutamine-proline-regulatory-axis-is-key-in-luminal-b-breast-cancer
#8
Madeleine L Craze, Hayley Cheung, Natasha Jewa, Nuno D M Coimbra, Daniele Soria, Rokaya El-Ansari, Mohammed A Aleskandarany, Kiu Wai Cheng, Maria Diez-Rodriguez, Christopher C Nolan, Ian O Ellis, Emad A Rakha, Andrew R Green
BACKGROUND: Altered cellular metabolism is a hallmark of cancer and some are reliant on glutamine for sustained proliferation and survival. We hypothesise that the glutamine-proline regulatory axis has a key role in breast cancer (BC) in the highly proliferative classes. METHODS: Glutaminase (GLS), pyrroline-5-carboxylate synthetase (ALDH18A1), and pyrroline-5-carboxylate reductase 1 (PYCR1) were assessed at DNA/mRNA/protein levels in large, well-characterised cohorts...
November 23, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168653/utilizing-biomarkers-in-colorectal-cancer-an-interview-with-ajay-goel
#9
Ajay Goel
Ajay Goel, PhD, is a Professor and Director, Center for Gastrointestinal Research, and Director, Center for Translational Genomics and Oncology, at the Baylor Scott & White Research Institute, Baylor University Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. Dr Goel has spent more than 20 years researching cancer and has been the lead author or contributor to over 240 scientific articles published in peer-reviewed international journals and several book chapters. He is also a primary inventor on more than 15 international patents aimed at developing various biomarkers for the diagnosis, prognosis and prediction of gastrointestinal cancers...
November 23, 2017: Future Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166243/building-capacity-for-evidence-based-public-health-reconciling-the-pulls-of-practice-and-the-push-of-research
#10
Ross C Brownson, Jonathan E Fielding, Lawrence W Green
Timely implementation of principles of evidence-based public health (EBPH) is critical for bridging the gap between discovery of new knowledge and its application. Public health organizations need sufficient capacity (the availability of resources, structures, and workforce to plan, deliver, and evaluate the preventive dose of an evidence-based intervention) to move science to practice. We review principles of EBPH, the importance of capacity building to advance evidence-based approaches, promising approaches for capacity building, and future areas for research and practice...
November 20, 2017: Annual Review of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106335/psychosocial-development-through-masters-sport-what-can-be-gained-from-youth-sport-models
#11
Rylee A Dionigi, Jessica Fraser-Thomas, Rachael C Stone, Amy M Gayman
Although sport participation is encouraged throughout the lifespan, little research has been conducted on the role of sport in development later in life. This qualitative study explored adults' experiences of development within the context of Masters sport. We interviewed 14 adults (nine men and five women) aged 46-61 years involved in Masters sport. Data was interpreted drawing upon frameworks from youth sport (i.e., Personal Assets Framework for Sport; Côté, J., Bruner, M., Strachan, L., Erickson, K., & Fraser-Thomas, J...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101987/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-ovarian-cancer%C3%A2-screening
#12
Pari V Pandharipande, Kathryn P Lowry, Caroline Reinhold, Mostafa Atri, Carol B Benson, Priyadarshani R Bhosale, Edward D Green, Stella K Kang, Yulia Lakhman, Katherine E Maturen, Refky Nicola, Gloria M Salazar, Thomas D Shipp, Lynn Simpson, Betsy L Sussman, Jennifer Uyeda, Darci J Wall, Bradford Whitcomb, Carolyn M Zelop, Phyllis Glanc
There has been much interest in the identification of a successful ovarian cancer screening test, in particular, one that can detect ovarian cancer at an early stage and improve survival. We reviewed the currently available data from randomized and observational trials that examine the role of imaging for ovarian cancer screening in average-risk and high-risk women. We found insufficient evidence to recommend ovarian cancer screening, when considering the imaging modality (pelvic ultrasound) and population (average-risk postmenopausal women) for which there is the greatest available published evidence; randomized controlled trials have not demonstrated a mortality benefit in this setting...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101985/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-monitoring-response-to-neoadjuvant-systemic-therapy-for%C3%A2-breast-cancer
#13
Priscilla J Slanetz, Linda Moy, Paul Baron, Roberta M diFlorio, Edward D Green, Samantha L Heller, Anna I Holbrook, Su-Ju Lee, Alana A Lewin, Ana P Lourenco, Bethany Niell, Ashley R Stuckey, Sunita Trikha, Nina S Vincoff, Susan P Weinstein, Monica M Yepes, Mary S Newell
Patients with locally advanced invasive breast cancers are often treated with neoadjuvant chemotherapy prior to definitive surgical intervention. The primary aims of this approach are to: 1) reduce tumor burden thereby permitting breast conservation rather than mastectomy; 2) promptly treat possible metastatic disease, whether or not it is detectable on preoperative staging; and 3) potentially tailor future chemotherapeutic decisions by monitoring in-vivo tumor response. Accurate radiological assessment permits optimal management and planning in this population...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29101979/acr-appropriateness-criteria%C3%A2-breast-cancer-screening
#14
Martha B Mainiero, Linda Moy, Paul Baron, Aarati D Didwania, Roberta M diFlorio, Edward D Green, Samantha L Heller, Anna I Holbrook, Su-Ju Lee, Alana A Lewin, Ana P Lourenco, Kara J Nance, Bethany L Niell, Priscilla J Slanetz, Ashley R Stuckey, Nina S Vincoff, Susan P Weinstein, Monica M Yepes, Mary S Newell
Breast cancer screening recommendations are based on risk factors. For average-risk women, screening mammography and/or digital breast tomosynthesis is recommended beginning at age 40. Ultrasound (US) may be useful as an adjunct to mammography for incremental cancer detection in women with dense breasts, but the balance between increased cancer detection and the increased risk of a false-positive examination should be considered in the decision. For intermediate-risk women, US or MRI may be indicated as an adjunct to mammography depending upon specific risk factors...
November 2017: Journal of the American College of Radiology: JACR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29076970/improving-the-clinical-skills-performance-of-graduating-medical-students-using-wise-oncall-a-multimedia-educational-module
#15
Demian Szyld, Kristen Uquillas, Brad R Green, Steven D Yavner, Hyuksoon Song, Michael W Nick, Grace M Ng, Martin V Pusic, Thomas S Riles, Adina Kalet
INTRODUCTION: Transitions to residency programs are designed to maximize quality and safety of patient care, as medical students become residents. However, best instructional or readiness assessment practices are not yet established. We sought to study the impact of a screen-based interactive curriculum designed to prepare interns to address common clinical coverage issues (WISE OnCall) on the clinical skills demonstrated in simulation and hypothesize that performance would improve after completing the module...
October 25, 2017: Simulation in Healthcare: Journal of the Society for Simulation in Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061626/protocol-for-establishing-an-infant-feeding-database-linkable-with-population-based-administrative-data-a-prospective-cohort-study-in-manitoba-canada
#16
Nathan Christopher Nickel, Lynne Warda, Leslie Kummer, Joanne Chateau, Maureen Heaman, Chris Green, Alan Katz, Julia Paul, Carolyn Perchuk, Darlene Girard, Lorraine Larocque, Jennifer Emily Enns, Souradet Shaw
INTRODUCTION: Breast feeding is associated with many health benefits for mothers and infants. But despite extensive public health efforts to promote breast feeding, many mothers do not achieve their own breastfeeding goals; and, inequities in breastfeeding rates persist between high and low-income mother-infant dyads. Developing targeted programme to support breastfeeding dyads and reduce inequities between mothers of different socioeconomic status are a priority for public health practitioners and health policy decision-makers; however, many jurisdictions lack the timely and comprehensive population-level data on infant-feeding practices required to monitor trends in breastfeeding initiation and duration...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29051162/sports-medicine-highlights-from-other-journals
#17
Angela Gisselman, Ronan Kearney, Christina Le, Brady Desmond Green
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 19, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972966/disability-and-participation-in-breast-and-bowel-cancer-screening-in-england-a-large-prospective-study
#18
S Floud, I Barnes, M Verfürden, H Kuper, T Gathani, R G Blanks, R Alison, J Patnick, V Beral, J Green, G K Reeves
BACKGROUND: There is limited information about participation in organised population-wide screening programmes by people with disabilities. METHODS: Data from the National Health Service routine screening programmes in England were linked to information on disability reported by the Million Women Study cohort participants. RESULTS: Of the 473 185 women offered routine breast or bowel cancer screening, 23% reported some disability. Women with disabilities were less likely than other women to participate in breast cancer screening (RR=0...
October 3, 2017: British Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28961842/open-access-to-journal-articles-in-oncology-current-situation-and-citation-impact
#19
F Hua, H Sun, T Walsh, A-M Glenny, H Worthington
Background: Recent years have seen numerous efforts and resources devoted to the development of open access (OA), but the current OA situation of the oncology literature remains unknown. We conducted this cross-sectional study to determine the current share and provision methods of OA in the field of oncology, identify predictors of OA status (OA versus non-OA), and study the association between OA and citation counts. Materials and methods: PubMed was searched for oncology-related, peer-reviewed journal articles published in December 2014...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Oncology: Official Journal of the European Society for Medical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953076/twelve-month-efficacy-and-safety-data-for-the-stress-incontinence-control-efficacy-and-safety-study-a-phase-iii-multicenter-prospective-randomized-controlled-study-treating-female-stress-urinary-incontinence-using-the-vesair-intravesical-balloon
#20
Harvey Winkler, Karny Jacoby, Susan Kalota, Jeffrey Snyder, Kevin Cline, Kaiser Robertson, Randall Kahan, Lonny Green, Kurt McCammon, Eric Rovner, Charles Rardin
OBJECTIVES: The "Stress Incontinence Control, Efficacy and Safety Study" (SUCCESS) is a phase III study of the Vesair Balloon in women with stress urinary incontinence who had failed conservative therapy, and either failed surgery, were not candidates for surgery, or chose not to have surgery. The safety and efficacy of the balloon at 12 months is reported for those participants in the treatment arm who elected to continue with the SUCCESS trial beyond the primary end point at 3 months...
September 26, 2017: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
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