Read by QxMD icon Read

Green journal

M Münzner, N Tappenbeck, F Gembardt, R Rülke, J Furkert, M F Melzig, W-E Siems, G A Brockmann, T Walther
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVE: Consumption of Green Tea has become increasingly popular, particularly because of claimed reduction in body weight. We recently reported that animals with pharmacological inhibition (by candoxatril) or genetic absence of the endopeptidase neprilysin (NEP) develop an obese phenotype. We now investigated the effect of Green Tea extract (in drinking water) on body weight and body composition and the mediating role of NEP. SUBJECTS/METHODS: To elucidate the role of NEP in mediating the beneficial effects of Green Tea extract, 'Berlin fat mice' or NEP-deficient mice and their age-and gender-matched wild-type controls received the extract in two different doses (300 or 600 mg/kg body weight/day) in the drinking water...
October 4, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Sophia Taylor, Weyinmi Demeyin, Ann Muls, Catherine Ferguson, Damian J J Farnell, David Cohen, Jervoise Andreyev, John Green, Lesley Smith, Sam Ahmedzai, Sara Pickett, Annmarie Nelson, John Staffurth
INTRODUCTION: Radiotherapy treatment for prostate cancer can cause bowel problems, which may lead to severe difficulties for cancer survivors including limiting travel, work or socialising. These symptoms can appear at any time following radiotherapy. This study focuses on the early identification and protocol-based management of effects known to cause long-term, or even permanent, changes to the well-being of prostate cancer survivors. The rationale of this study is to improve the care offered to men and their families following pelvic radiotherapy for prostate cancer...
October 3, 2016: BMJ Open
Michael Way
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 1, 2016: Journal of Cell Science
Antônio Márcio Tavares Thomé, Paula Santos Ceryno, Annibal Scavarda, Arne Remmen
This paper proposes a taxonomy of themes and a research agenda on sustainable infrastructure, with a focus on sustainable buildings (SB) and green infrastructure (GI). The citation databases of Web of Science formed the basis for a novel strategic thematic analysis of co-citation and co-occurrence of keywords with a longitudinal identification of themes during the last two decades (from 1995 to 2015) of an emerging and ever growing research area. SI is a multidisciplinary endeavour, including a diversified array of disciplines as general engineering, environmental ecology, construction, architecture, urban planning, and geography...
September 29, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
Spencer C Greene, Patrick K Noonan, Carlos Sanabria, W Frank Peacock
BACKGROUND: Oral solution N-acetylcysteine (NAC) is an antidote for acetaminophen overdose, but its unpleasant taste and aroma can impede delivery even after the coadministration of antiemetic medications. Flavored effervescent NAC tablets dissolved in water might be a more palatable formulation than oral solution NAC diluted with soft drink. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relative bioavailability of these 2 formulations and assess subjective preferences between them...
2016: Current Therapeutic Research, Clinical and Experimental
Samuel Trachsel, Dapeng Sun, Felix M SanVicente, Hongjian Zheng, Edgar Antonio Suarez, Raman Babu, Xuecai Zhang
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0149636.].
2016: PloS One
Fatima Toor, Jeffrey B Miller, Lauren M Davidson, Logan Nichols, Wenqi Duan, Michael P Jura, Joanne Yim, Joanne Forziati, Marcie R Black
There are a range of different methods to generate a nanostructured surface on silicon (Si) but the most cost effective and optically interesting is the metal assisted wet chemical etching (MACE) (Koynov et al 2006 Appl. Phys. Lett. 88 203107). MACE of Si is a controllable, room-temperature wet-chemical technique that uses a thin layer of metal to etch the surface of Si, leaving behind various nano- and micro-scale surface features or 'black silicon'. MACE-fabricated nanowires (NWs) provide improved antireflection and light trapping functionality (Toor et al 2016 Nanoscale 8 15448-66) compared with the traditional 'iso-texturing' (Campbell and Green 1987 J...
October 14, 2016: Nanotechnology
Tahisa M Pedroso, Ana C D Medeiros, Herida R N Salgado
Ertapenem sodium is a polar and ionizable compound; therefore, it has little retention on traditional C18 columns in reverse-phase high-performance liquid chromatography, even using a highly-aqueous mobile phase that can result in dewetting in the stationary phase. Thus, the most coherent process for ERTM is to develop a method for Hydrophilic Interaction Chromatography. However, for the traditional methods in HILIC, the use of a highly organic mobile phase is necessary; usually an amount exceeding 80% acetonitrile is necessary...
November 1, 2016: Talanta
Angela G Pirlott, David P MacKinnon
Identifying causal mechanisms has become a cornerstone of experimental social psychology, and editors in top social psychology journals champion the use of mediation methods, particularly innovative ones when possible (e.g. Halberstadt, 2010, Smith, 2012). Commonly, studies in experimental social psychology randomly assign participants to levels of the independent variable and measure the mediating and dependent variables, and the mediator is assumed to causally affect the dependent variable. However, participants are not randomly assigned to levels of the mediating variable(s), i...
September 2016: Journal of Experimental Social Psychology
Christopher D Green, Ingo Feinerer
Recent research has used networks of scholarly journal articles to investigate the intellectual structure of the discipline of psychology from the later 1880s to the early 1920s. Here, instead, we examined the networks of philosophical journals that were closely aligned with psychology-The Monist, Philosophical Review, and The Journal of Philosophy, Psychology, and Scientific Methods-between 1890 and 1913. We discovered that, although the first 2 of these journals published a great deal of psychologically relevant material up to 1903, material of that sort seemed to evaporate after the launch of the third journal in 1904...
August 25, 2016: History of Psychology
Bart N Green
This editorial discusses the indexing systems that include the Journal of Chiropractic Education, reflects on the increased international participation in chiropractic education scholarly meetings and peer review, and acknowledges the editorial board and peer reviewers for the journal.
October 2016: Journal of Chiropractic Education
Pooja H Mehta, Catherine Meyerle, Shobha Sivaprasad, Camiel Boon, Jay Chhablani
PURPOSE: Central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) management lacks well-defined guidelines given the variable natural history of this disease and the lack of prospective trials. We conducted an online preferred physician practice survey to track international trends and variations in the management of CSC data. METHODS: We designed and distributed an online 27-item questionnaire with secure confidential access to retina specialists with a publication record in CSC...
August 18, 2016: British Journal of Ophthalmology
L Mamluk, M G O'Doherty, P Orfanos, G Saitakis, J V Woodside, L M Liao, R Sinha, P Boffetta, A Trichopoulou, F Kee
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There is limited information to support definitive recommendations concerning the role of diet in the development of type 2 Diabetes mellitus (T2DM). The results of the latest meta-analyses suggest that an increased consumption of green leafy vegetables may reduce the incidence of diabetes, with either no association or weak associations demonstrated for total fruit and vegetable intake. Few studies have, however, focused on older subjects. SUBJECTS/METHODS: The relationship between T2DM and fruit and vegetable intake was investigated using data from the NIH-AARP study and the EPIC Elderly study...
August 17, 2016: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Blair Ney, F Hafna Ahmed, Carlo R Carere, Ambarish Biswas, Andrew C Warden, Sergio E Morales, Gunjan Pandey, Stephen J Watt, John G Oakeshott, Matthew C Taylor, Matthew B Stott, Colin J Jackson, Chris Greening
F420 is a low-potential redox cofactor that mediates the transformations of a wide range of complex organic compounds. Considered one of the rarest cofactors in biology, F420 is best known for its role in methanogenesis and has only been chemically identified in two phyla to date, the Euryarchaeota and Actinobacteria. In this work, we show that this cofactor is more widely distributed than previously reported. We detected the genes encoding all five known F420 biosynthesis enzymes (cofC, cofD, cofE, cofG and cofH) in at least 653 bacterial and 173 archaeal species, including members of the dominant soil phyla Proteobacteria, Chloroflexi and Firmicutes...
August 9, 2016: ISME Journal
M L Hanson, B A Wolff, J W Green, M Kivi, G H Panter, M St J Warne, M Ågerstrand, J P Sumpter
There is increasing awareness that the value of peer-reviewed scientific literature is not consistent, resulting in a growing desire to improve the practice and reporting of studies. This is especially important in the field of ecotoxicology, where regulatory decisions can be partly based on data from the peer-reviewed literature, with wide-reaching implications for environmental protection. Our objective is to improve the reporting of ecotoxicology studies so that they can be appropriately utilized in a fair and transparent fashion, based on their reliability and relevance...
August 5, 2016: Science of the Total Environment
C J A Pugh, V S Sprung, H Jones, P Richardson, F Shojaee-Moradie, A M Umpleby, D J Green, N T Cable, M I Trenell, G J Kemp, D J Cuthbertson
Supervised exercise reduces liver fat and improves endothelial function, a surrogate of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, in nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). We hypothesised that after a 16-week supervised exercise program, patients would maintain longer-term improvements in cardiorespiratory fitness, liver fat and endothelial function. Ten NAFLD patients (5/5 males/females, age 51±13 years, body mass index 31±3 kg m(-2) (mean±s.d.)) underwent a 16-week supervised moderate-intensity exercise intervention...
October 18, 2016: International Journal of Obesity: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
Christopher D Green, Ingo Feinerer
In an earlier article, we used digital historical methods to examine the first 14 volumes (1887-1903) of The American Journal of Psychology (AJP) by creating networks of the vocabularies used in every substantive article the journal published in those years. These networks showed us the major research groups that had been gathered together by the journal's founder-editor, G. Stanley Hall, and how the intellectual composition of the journal (and the discipline) changed over that 17-year period. In the present article we extended that study forward, creating networks for the next 15 volumes (1904-1918), broken into time blocks of 5 years each...
2016: American Journal of Psychology
S K Bharwani, B F Green, J C Pezzullo, S S Bharwani, S S Bharwani, R Dhanireddy
OBJECTIVE: Two recent meta-analyses have studied the association of exclusive or mainly human milk intake (HMI) on retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). One of these meta-analysis found a protective effect of only or mainly HMI on Severe ROP but not on any stage ROP. However, both these meta-analyses did not find protection from any stage ROP or Severe ROP with any amount of HMI. The objective of this study was to study the association between any amount of HMI and the development of All ROP and Severe ROP in very-low birth weight infants (VLBWI) and extremely low birth weight infants (ELBWI) by systematic review using PRISMA-P guidelines and meta-analysis...
July 14, 2016: Journal of Perinatology: Official Journal of the California Perinatal Association
Tomàs Llorens-Marès, Zhenfeng Liu, Lisa Zeigler Allen, Douglas B Rusch, Matthew T Craig, Chris L Dupont, Donald A Bryant, Emilio O Casamayor
A natural planktonic bloom of a brown-pigmented photosynthetic green sulfur bacteria (GSB) from the disphotic zone of karstic Lake Banyoles (NE Spain) was studied as a natural enrichment culture from which a nearly complete genome was obtained after metagenomic assembly. We showed in situ a case where horizontal gene transfer (HGT) explained the ecological success of a natural population unveiling ecosystem-specific adaptations. The uncultured brown-pigmented GSB was 99.7% identical in the 16S rRNA gene sequence to its green-pigmented cultured counterpart Chlorobium luteolum DSM 273(T)...
July 8, 2016: ISME Journal
William Jf Green, Graham Ball, Geoffrey Hulman, Catherine Johnson, Gerry Van Schalwyk, Hari L Ratan, Daniel Soria, Jonathan M Garibaldi, Richard Parkinson, Joshua Hulman, Robert Rees, Desmond G Powe
BACKGROUND: There remains a need to identify and validate biomarkers for predicting prostate cancer (CaP) outcomes using robust and routinely available pathology techniques to identify men at most risk of premature death due to prostate cancer. Previous immunohistochemical studies suggest the proliferation marker Ki67 might be a predictor of survival, independently of PSA and Gleason score. We performed a validation study of Ki67 as a marker of survival and disease progression and compared its performance against another candidate biomarker, DLX2, selected using artificial neural network analysis...
July 12, 2016: British Journal of Cancer
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"