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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907812/musical-competence-is-predicted-by-music-training-cognitive-abilities-and-personality
#1
Swathi Swaminathan, E Glenn Schellenberg
Individuals differ in musical competence, which we defined as the ability to perceive, remember, and discriminate sequences of tones or beats. We asked whether such differences could be explained by variables other than music training, including socioeconomic status (SES), short-term memory, general cognitive ability, and personality. In a sample of undergraduates, musical competence had positive simple associations with duration of music training, SES, short-term memory, general cognitive ability, and openness-to-experience...
June 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905604/the-resurge-global-training-program-a-model-for-surgical-training-and-capacity-building-in-global-reconstructive-surgery
#2
Gloria R Sue, Woodrow C Covington, James Chang
BACKGROUND: A paradigm shift is underway in the world of humanitarian global surgery to address the large unmet need for reconstructive surgical services in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Here, we discuss the ReSurge Global Training Program (RGTP), a model for surgical training and capacity building in reconstructive surgery in the developing world. The program includes an online reconstructive surgery curriculum, visiting educator trips, expert reconstructive surgeon involvement, trainee competency tracking system, and identification of local outreach partners to provide safe reconstructive surgery to the neediest of patients in the developing world...
June 13, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29905499/developing-nurses-skills-in-motivational-interviewing-to-promote-a-healthy-lifestyle-in-patients-with-coronary-artery-disease
#3
Jos Dobber, Corine Latour, Marjolein Snaterse, Berno van Meijel, Gerben Ter Riet, Wilma Scholte Op Reimer, Ron Peters
BACKGROUND: If nurses have the communication skills and the time, they can play an important role in increasing the intrinsic motivation of patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) to change their lifestyle. Motivational Interviewing (Mo-Int) can be used to further support this role. However, few nurses are sufficiently proficient in applying Mo-Int skills. Increasing these complex communication skills may contribute significantly to achieve lifestyle changes in CAD patients. AIMS: The aim of this study was to evaluate the coaching of nurses to skilfully use Mo-Int in a secondary prevention programme for CAD patients...
June 1, 2018: European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901657/the-changing-face-of-hiv-care-expanding-hiv-training-in-internal-medicine-residency-program
#4
Lydia Aoun Barakat, Dana W Dunne, Jeanette M Tetrault, Sarita Soares, David Chia, Onyema E Ogbuagu, John P Moriarty, Stephen J Huot, Michael L Green
PROBLEM: HIV-infected patients are living longer and are at increased risk of comorbidities. A qualified physician workforce is needed to care for this growing HIV population. APPROACH: This report describes the first 5 years of the development and implementation of a novel 3-year HIV Training Track (HIV TT) within the Primary Care Residency Program from 2012 to 2017. It outlines the process of building the infrastructure of the HIV TT, describes the curriculum development based on HIV-specific Entrustable Professional Activities (EPA), and provides the results of the program evaluation in the 5 year period OUTCOMES:: The program enrolled a cohort of 11 trainees with 5 graduates...
June 12, 2018: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901223/generating-synthetic-cts-from-magnetic-resonance-images-using-generative-adversarial-networks
#5
Hajar Emami, Ming Dong, Siamak P Nejad-Davarani, Carri Glide-Hurst
PURPOSE: While MR-only treatment planning using synthetic CTs (synCTs) offers potential for streamlining clinical workflow, a need exists for an efficient and automated synCT generation in the brain to facilitate near real-time MR-only planning. This work describes a novel method for generating brain synCTs based on generative adversarial networks (GANs), a deep learning model that trains two competing networks simultaneously, and compares it to a deep convolutional neural network (CNN)...
June 14, 2018: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29901168/a-three%C3%A2-lncrna-signature-for-prognosis-prediction-of-acute-myeloid-leukemia-in-patients
#6
Fangce Wang, Xiaoxue Tian, Jie Zhou, Guangming Wang, Wenlei Yu, Zheng Li, Zhuoyi Fan, Wenjun Zhang, Aibin Liang
Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) are transcripts characterized by >200 nucleotides, without validated protein production. Previous studies have demonstrated that certain lncRNAs have a critical role in the initiation and development of acute myeloid leukemia (AML). In the present study, the subtype‑specific lncRNAs in AML was identified. Following the exclusion of the subtype‑specific lncRNAs, the prognostic value of lncRNAs was investigated and a three‑lncRNA expression‑based risk score [long intergenic non‑protein coding RNA 926, family with sequence similarity 30 member A and LRRC75A antisense RNA 1 (LRRC75A‑AS1)] was developed for AML patient prognosis prediction by analyzing the RNA‑seq data of AML patients from Therapeutically Available Research to Generate Effective Treatments (TARGET) and The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) projects...
June 6, 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900743/basic-training-in-digestive-endoscopy-for-resident-physicians-in-gastroenterology-recommendations-by-the-sociedad-espa%C3%A3-ola-de-endoscopia-digestiva-seed
#7
Álvaro Brotons, Angels Vilella, Cristina Sánchez-Montes, Catalina Garau, Albert Vila, Vicente Pons Beltrán, Carlos Dolz Abadía
Digestive endoscopy is the most effective tool available for the diagnosis of multiple gastrointestinal (GI) tract conditions, and it represents a key aspect in the training of gastroenterology residents according to the Spanish MIR (médico interno residente) program. The Sociedad Española de Endoscopia Digestiva (SEED), aware of all the technical advances that have emerged during the past few years, deems it necessary to define a program of the skills specialists-in-training in gastroenterology should acquire during their residency...
June 14, 2018: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899800/culturally-competent-practice-a-mixed-methods-study-among-students-academics-and-alumni-of-clinical-psychology-master-s-programs-in-the-netherlands
#8
Lennie R C Geerlings, Claire L Thompson, Vivian Kraaij, Ger P J Keijsers
This is the first research into preparation for multicultural clinical psychology practice in Europe. It applies the theory of multicultural counselling competency (MCC) to a case study in the Netherlands. It was hypothesized that cross-cultural practice experience, identification as a cultural minority, and satisfaction with cultural training was associated with MCC. The Multicultural Awareness Knowledge and Skills Survey was completed by 106 participants (22 students, 10 academics, 74 alumni) from clinical psychology masters' programs...
March 2018: Europe's Journal of Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899719/combined-cognitive-motor-rehabilitation-in-virtual-reality-improves-motor-outcomes-in-chronic-stroke-a-pilot-study
#9
Ana L Faria, Mónica S Cameirão, Joana F Couras, Joana R O Aguiar, Gabriel M Costa, Sergi Bermúdez I Badia
Stroke is one of the most common causes of acquired disability, leaving numerous adults with cognitive and motor impairments, and affecting patients' capability to live independently. Virtual Reality (VR) based methods for stroke rehabilitation have mainly focused on motor rehabilitation but there is increasing interest toward the integration of cognitive training for providing more effective solutions. Here we investigate the feasibility for stroke recovery of a virtual cognitive-motor task, the Reh@Task, which combines adapted arm reaching, and attention and memory training...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899703/anthropometry-body-composition-and-performance-in-sport-specific-field-test-in-female-wheelchair-basketball-players
#10
Valentina Cavedon, Carlo Zancanaro, Chiara Milanese
Data on the physical and performance characteristics of female wheelchair basketball (WB) players are scarce. In several countries female WB players train and compete with male players on mixed teams due to the limited total population of players, which would otherwise lead to large territorial spread for each team. Any differences in terms of physical characteristics and/or WB skill proficiency between male and female WB players would be relevant to team performance in mixed teams. This work examined anthropometry, body composition, and performance in a set of sport-specific field tests in a sample of 13 female WB players representing about 40% of the eligible population in Italy across a range of functional point scores (Point)...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899610/use-of-computer-assisted-personal-interviewing-and-information-management-system-in-a-survey-among-hiv-high-risk-groups-in-india-strengths-weaknesses-opportunities-and-threats-analysis
#11
Radhika Brahme, Sheela Godbole, Raman Gangakhedkar, Kuldeep Singh Sachdeva, Vinita Verma, Arun Risbud
Objectives: In India, integrated biological and behavioral surveillance was carried out in 2014-2015 among high-risk key population as a part of second-generation HIV surveillance system. Computer-assisted personal interviewing and integrated information management system were used for the first time in this large national field based survey. We evaluated the strengths and weaknesses of technology use in this survey. Methods: Mixed methods comprising of the key informant's interviews and structured data collected from field interviewers were used to do the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats analysis with defined attributes...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29899604/capacity-building-through-operational-research-training-in-tobacco-control-experiences-and-lesson-learned
#12
Sonu Goel, Ajay M V Kumar, Arun Kumar Aggarwal, Rana J Singh, Pranay Lal, Ravinder Kumar, Madhu Gupta, Vishal Dogra, Deepti Gupta
Background: Several competing priorities with health and development sector currently deter research, and as a result of which evidence does not drive policy- or decision-making. There is limited operational research (OR) within the India's National Tobacco Control Programme, as it is in other middle- and low-income countries, primarily due to limited capacity and skills in undertaking OR and lack of dedicated funding. Few models of OR have been developed to meet the needs of different settings; however, they were found to be costly and time-consuming...
April 2018: Indian Journal of Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896756/current-and-future-demand-for-health-services-researchers-perspectives-from-diverse-research-organizations
#13
Eugene Rich, Anna Collins
OBJECTIVE: The Affordable Care Act and Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act are changing access to, and delivery of, health care in the United States, with potential implications for the field of health services research (HSR). We therefore investigated employers' perceptions of demand for individuals to conduct HSR, the competencies required for success, and implications for HSR training programs. DATA SOURCE: Interviews conducted in August 2016 with 21 key informants at a range of U...
June 12, 2018: Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29896465/start-a-neonatal-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-program-a-multistep-team-training
#14
Genny Raffaeli, Stefano Ghirardello, Mara Vanzati, Chiara Baracetti, Francesco Canesi, Federica Conigliaro, Valerio Gentilino, Francesco Macchini, Monica Fumagalli, Fabrizio Ciralli, Nicola Pesenti, Sofia Passera, Simona Neri, Stefania Franzini, Ernesto Leva, Laura Plevani, Fabio Mosca, Giacomo Cavallaro
Background: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) is a complex life-saving support for acute cardio-respiratory failure, unresponsive to medical treatment. Emergency events on ECMO are rare but require immediate and proficient management. Multidisciplinary ECMO team members need to acquire and maintain over time cognitive, technical and behavioral skills, to safely face life-threatening clinical scenarios. Methods: A multistep educational program was delivered in a 4-year period to 32 ECMO team members, based on guidelines from the Extracorporeal Life Support Organization...
2018: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895514/expert-consensus-survey-on-digital-health-tools-for-patients-with-serious-mental-illness-optimizing-for-user-characteristics-and-user-support
#15
Ainslie Hatch, Julia E Hoffman, Ruth Ross, John P Docherty
BACKGROUND: Digital technology is increasingly being used to enhance health care in various areas of medicine. In the area of serious mental illness, it is important to understand the special characteristics of target users that may influence motivation and competence to use digital health tools, as well as the resources and training necessary for these patients to facilitate the use of this technology. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to conduct a quantitative expert consensus survey to identify key characteristics of target users (patients and health care professionals), barriers and facilitators for appropriate use, and resources needed to optimize the use of digital health tools in patients with serious mental illness...
June 12, 2018: JMIR Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895276/improvement-in-the-active-management-of-the-third-stage-of-labor-for-the-prevention-of-postpartum-hemorrhage-in-tanzania-a-cross-sectional-study
#16
Dunstan R Bishanga, John Charles, Gaudiosa Tibaijuka, Rita Mutayoba, Mary Drake, Young-Mi Kim, Marya Plotkin, Neema Rusibamayila, Barbara Rawlins
BACKGROUND: Tanzania has a maternal mortality ratio of 556 per 100,000 live births, representing 21% of all deaths of women of reproductive age. Hemorrhage, mostly postpartum hemorrhage (PPH), is estimated to cause at least 25% of maternal deaths in Tanzania. In 2008, the Ministry of Health, Community Development, Gender, Elderly and Children launched interventions to improve efforts to prevent PPH. Competency-based training for skilled birth attendants and ongoing quality improvement prioritized the practice of active management of the third stage of labor (AMTSL)...
June 13, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895263/uk-medical-education-on-human-trafficking-assessing-uptake-of-the-opportunity-to-shape-awareness-safeguarding-and-referral-in-the-curriculum
#17
Poojani Arulrajah, Sarah Steele
BACKGROUND: Human trafficking is a serious violation of human rights, with numerous consequences for health and wellbeing. Recent law and policy reforms mean that clinicians now hold a crucial role in national strategies. 2015 research, however, indicates a serious shortfall in knowledge and confidence among healthcare professionals in the UK, leading potentially to failures in safeguarding and appropriate referral. Medical education is a central point for trafficking training. We ascertain the extent of such training in UK Medical Schools, and current curricular design...
June 13, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895234/progression-in-running-intensity-or-running-volume-and-the-development-of-specific-injuries-in-recreational-runners-run-clever-a-randomized-trial-using-competing-risks
#18
Daniel Ramskov, Sten Rasmussen, Henrik Sørensen, Erik Thorlund Parner, Martin Lind, Rasmus Nielsen
Study Design Randomized clinical trial, etiology. Background Training intensity and volume have been proposed to be associated with specific running-related injuries. If such an association exists, secondary preventive measures could be initiated by clinicians based on symptoms of a specific injury diagnosis. Objectives To test the following hypotheses: (i) A running schedule focusing on intensity will increase the risk of sustaining Achilles tendinopathy, gastrocnemius injuries and plantar fasciitis compared with hypothesized volume-related injuries...
June 12, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29895093/does-the-virtual-refractor-patient-simulator-improve-student-competency-when-refracting-in-the-consulting-room
#19
Mohammed S Alhazmi, Craig W Butler, Barbara M Junghans
BACKGROUND: The use of patient simulators in ophthalmic education appears limited. This study examines the effects of the addition of the 'Virtual Refractor' patient simulator learning activity into a short unit preparing students to determine the power of the spectacle lenses required by patients in a clinic. METHODS: Twenty-four year one optometry students were randomly assigned to either the simulator-intervention group (n = 12) or the non-intervention group...
June 12, 2018: Clinical & Experimental Optometry: Journal of the Australian Optometrical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29893136/opportunities-and-challenges-for-practical-training-in-public-health-insights-from-practicum-coordinators-in-ontario
#20
Jessica Wegener, Marilyne Petitclerc
Dietetic educators and practicum coordinators (PC) play critical roles in preparing students for practice. Dietitians have made significant progress in the development of educational curricula, competencies, and other resources to support knowledge and skill attainment in public health. There are identified gaps in the literature concerning practical training in sustainable food systems and public health, creating barriers in knowledge exchange and improvements in practicum programs in Canada. This paper discusses the potential opportunities and challenges associated with the number of placements for practical training in public health based on interviews with PCs in Ontario...
June 12, 2018: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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