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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045988/postgraduate-experiences-with-an-advanced-reproductive-health-and-abortion-training-and-leadership-program
#1
Alison Block, Christine Dehlendorf, M Antonia Biggs, Sarah McNeil, Suzan Goodman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Family physicians are critical to reproductive health service provision including miscarriage management and abortion care, but many graduates report barriers in integrating these services into practice. We designed and implemented CREATE (Continuing Reproductive Education for Advanced Training Efficacy), an elective advanced training and leadership program for senior residents aimed to help new graduates integrate miscarriage and abortion care into practice...
October 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045060/competency-assessment-form-to-improve-feedback
#2
Karen E Hauer, Holly Nishimura, Diego Dubon, Arianne Teherani, Christy Boscardin
BACKGROUND: In-training evaluation reports are a commonly used assessment method for clinical learners that can characterise the development of competence in essential domains of practice. Strategies to increase the usefulness and specificity of written narrative comments about learner performance in these reports are needed to guide their learning. Soliciting narrative comments by competency domain from supervising doctors on in-training evaluation reports could improve the quality of written feedback to students...
October 18, 2017: Clinical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29043938/piloting-consumer-health-information-services-in-collaboration-with-a-community-research-engagement-program
#3
Margaret Ansell, Michele R Tennant, Vicki Piazza, Linda B Cottler
At an academic health science center, librarians partnered with a community research engagement program to offer a suite of consumer health information services. The services included training staff in the use of online consumer health resources, purchasing a print collection of monographs, and creating a guide to both the online and print resources for staff use. Focus groups were conducted to assess information needs, and the workshop attendees' online health information competency was assessed presession and postsession...
October 2017: Medical Reference Services Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042875/current-challenges-and-future-opportunities-for-child-and-adolescent-psychiatry-in-japan
#4
REVIEW
Masaru Tateno, Takahiko Inagaki, Takuya Saito, Anthony P S Guerrero, Norbert Skokauskas
Japan has been facing a serious shortfall of child and adolescent psychiatric workforce relative to increasing service needs. Likely because of a combination of limited workforce supply and limited trust or perception of effectiveness, mental health services are under-utilized by the educational and child welfare systems. Child and adolescent psychiatry (CAP) has not been a formally established specialty in Japan. The lack of basic structure in the specialty most likely contributes to a lack of training facilities, limited exposure to and interest in the specialty, and hence an inadequate workforce...
September 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040513/targeted-metabolomics-reveals-reduced-levels-of-polyunsaturated-choline-plasmalogens-and-a-smaller-dimethylarginine-arginine-ratio-in-the-follicular-fluid-of-patients-with-a-diminished-ovarian-reserve
#5
J M Chao de la Barca, T Boueilh, G Simard, L Boucret, V Ferré-L'Hotellier, L Tessier, C Gadras, P E Bouet, P Descamps, V Procaccio, P Reynier, P May-Panloup
STUDY QUESTION: Does the metabolomic profile of the follicular fluid (FF) of patients with a diminished ovarian reserve (DOR) differ from that of patients with a normal ovarian reserve (NOR)? SUMMARY ANSWER: The metabolomic signature of the FF reveals a significant decrease in polyunsaturated choline plasmalogens and methyl arginine transferase activity in DOR patients compared to NOR patients. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: The composition of the FF reflects the exchanges between the oocyte and its microenvironment during its acquisition of gametic competence...
October 13, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039246/regular-practice-of-competitive-sports-does-not-impair-sleep-in-adolescents-dados-study
#6
María Reyes Beltran-Valls, Enrique García Artero, Ana Capdevila-Seder, Alejandro Legaz-Arrese, Mireia Adelantado-Renau, Diego Moliner-Urdiales
PURPOSE: To analyze differences in sleep quality and duration by athletic status and sex, and to examine the association between physical activity (PA) recommendation and sleep in adolescents. METHODS: A total of 267 adolescents [13.9 (0.3) y] from Deporte, ADOlescencia y Salud (DADOS) study (129 girls) were included in this cross-sectional analysis. Athletes competed regularly in organized sport events and trained ≥3 days per week, but nonathletes did not compete...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Exercise Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039018/the-activity-demands-and-physiological-responses-encountered-during-basketball-match-play-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Emilija Stojanović, Nenad Stojiljković, Aaron T Scanlan, Vincent J Dalbo, Daniel M Berkelmans, Zoran Milanović
BACKGROUND: Basketball is a popular, court-based team sport that has been extensively studied over the last decade. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this article was to provide a systematic review regarding the activity demands and physiological responses experienced during basketball match-play according to playing period, playing position, playing level, geographical location, and sex. METHODS: An electronic database search of relevant articles published prior to 30 September 2016 was performed with PubMed, MEDLINE, ERIC, Google Scholar, SCIndex, and ScienceDirect...
October 16, 2017: Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038929/validating-a-culturally-sensitive-social-competence-training-programme-for-adolescents-with-asd-in-a-chinese-context-an-initial-investigation
#8
Raymond Won Shing Chan, Cecilia Nga Wing Leung, Denise Ching Yiu Ng, Sania Sau Wai Yau
Previous studies on social skills training on ASD were done almost exclusively in the West with children as the main subjects. Demonstrations of the applicability of social interventions in different cultures and age groups are warranted. The current study outlined the development and preliminary evaluation of a CBT-context-based social competence training for ASD (CBT-CSCA) developed in Hong Kong for Chinese adolescents with ASD. Twenty-five adolescents (aged 12-17 years, with a FSIQ above 80) were recruited...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038830/a-distance-blended-learning-program-to-upgrade-the-clinical-competence-of-district-non-doctor-anesthesia-providers-in-nepal
#9
Shristi Shah, Stephen Knoble, Oliver Ross, Stephen Pickering
BACKGROUND: Across Nepal, anesthesia at a district level is provided mostly by non-doctor anesthesia providers (anesthesia assistants-AAs). Nepal's Government recognized the need to sustain competence with continuous professional development and to upgrade 6-month trained working AAs to professional equivalence with the new national standard of 12-month training. As they are essential district health workers and AA clinical training sites are full, an innovative distance blended learning, competency-based, upgrade 1-year course was developed and conducted in 2014-2017 for two batches...
October 16, 2017: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038182/protocol-for-a-scoping-review-to-identify-and-map-the-global-health-personnel-considered-skilled-attendants-at-birth-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-between-2000-and-2015
#10
Amy J Hobbs, Ann-Beth Moller, Liliana Carvajal-Aguirre, Agbessi Amouzou, Doris Chou, Lale Say
INTRODUCTION: Despite progress towards the Millennium Development Goals (MDG), maternal mortality remains high in countries where there are shortages of skilled personnel able to manage and provide quality care during pregnancy and childbirth. The 'percentage of births attended by skilled health personnel' (SAB, skilled attendants at birth) was a key indicator for tracking progress since the MDGs and is part of the Sustainable Development Goal agenda. However, due to contextual differences between and within countries on the definition of SAB, a lack of clarity exists around the training, competencies, and skills they are qualified to perform...
October 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037334/an-international-curriculum-for-neuropsychiatry-and-behavioural-neurology
#11
Perminder Sachdev, Adith Mohan
With major advances in neuroscience in the last three decades, there is an emphasis on understanding disturbances in thought, behaviour and emotion in terms of their neuroscientific underpinnings. While psychiatry and neurology, both of which deal with brain diseases, have a historical standing as distinct disciplines, there has been an increasing need to have a combined neuropsychiatric approach to deal with many conditions and disorders. Additionally, there is a body of disorders and conditions that warrants the skills sets and knowledge bases of both disciplines...
October 2017: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036747/prevention-of-multidrug-resistant-infections-from-contaminated-duodenoscopes-position-statement-of-the-european-society-of-gastrointestinal-endoscopy-esge-and-european-society-of-gastroenterology-nurses-and-associates-esgena
#12
Ulrike Beilenhoff, Holger Biering, Reinhard Blum, Jadranka Brljak, Monica Cimbro, Jean-Marc Dumonceau, Cesare Hassan, Michael Jung, Christiane Neumann, Michael Pietsch, Lionel Pineau, Thierry Ponchon, Stanislav Rejchrt, Jean-François Rey, Verona Schmidt, Jayne Tillett, Jeanin van Hooft
Patients should be informed about the benefits and risks of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)Only specially trained and competent personnel should carry out endoscope reprocessing.Manufacturers of duodenoscopes should provide detailed instructions on how to use and reprocess their equipment.In the case of modifications to their equipment, manufacturers should provide updated instructions for use.Detailed reprocessing protocols based on the manufacturer's instructions for use should clearly lay out the different reprocessing steps necessary for each endoscope model...
October 16, 2017: Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036605/survey-of-laboratory-practices-for-diagnosis-of-fungal-infection-in-seven-asian-countries-an-asia-fungal-working-group-afwg-initiative
#13
Ariya Chindamporn, Arunaloke Chakrabarti, Ruoyu Li, Pei-Lun Sun, Ban-Hock Tan, Mitzi Chua, Retno Wahyuningsih, Atul Patel, Zhengyin Liu, Yee-Chun Chen, Methee Chayakulkeeree
An online survey of mycology laboratories in seven Asian countries was conducted to assess the status, competence, and services available. Country representatives from the Asia Fungal Working Group (AFWG) contacted as many laboratories performing mycology diagnosis as possible in their respective countries, requesting that the laboratory heads complete the online survey. In total, 241 laboratories responded, including 71 in China, 104 in India, 11 in Indonesia, 26 in the Philippines, four in Singapore, 18 in Taiwan, and seven in Thailand...
September 20, 2017: Medical Mycology: Official Publication of the International Society for Human and Animal Mycology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036569/opportunities-for-epidemiologists-in-implementation-science-a-primer
#14
Gila Neta, Ross C Brownson, David A Chambers
The field of epidemiology has been defined as the study of the spread and control of disease. However, epidemiology frequently focuses on studies of etiology and distribution of disease at the cost of understanding the best ways to control disease. Moreover, only a small fraction of scientific discoveries is translated into public health practice, and the process from discovery to translation is exceedingly slow. Given the importance of translational science, the future of epidemiologic training should include competency in implementation science, whose goal is to rapidly move evidence into practice...
September 27, 2017: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036208/transitioning-couple-s-voluntary-hiv-counseling-and-testing-cvct-from-stand-alone-weekend-services-into-routine-antenatal-and-vct-services-in-government-clinics-in-zambia-s-two-largest-cities
#15
Mubiana Inambao, William Kilembe, Lauren A Canary, Nancy L Czaicki, Matilda Kakungu-Simpungwe, Roy Chavuma, Kristin M Wall, Amanda Tichacek, Julie Pulerwitz, Ibou Thior, Elwyn Chomba, Susan A Allen
INTRODUCTION: Most HIV infections in Africa are acquired by married/cohabiting adults and WHO recommends couple's voluntary HIV counseling and testing (CVCT) for prevention. The handover from NGO-sponsored weekend CVCT to government-sponsored services in routine weekday antenatal care (ANC) and individual voluntary testing and counseling (VCT) services in Zambia's two largest cities from 2009-2015 is described. METHODS: Government clinic counselors were trained to provide CVCT, and along with community health workers they promoted CVCT services in their clinic and surrounding areas...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035592/returners-exhibit-greater-jumping-performance-improvements-during-a-peaking-phase-compared-to-new-players-on-a-volleyball-team
#16
Caleb D Bazyler, Satoshi Mizuguchi, Ashley A Kavanaugh, John J McMahon, Paul Comfort, Michael H Stone
PURPOSE: To determine if jumping performance changes during a peaking phase differed between returners and new players in a female collegiate volleyball team and to determine which variables best explained the variation in performance changes. METHODS: Fourteen volleyball players were divided into two groups: returners (n=7) and new players (n=7) who completed a 5-week peaking phase prior to conference championships. Players were tested at baseline prior to the pre-season on measures of vastus lateralis cross-sectional area using ultrasonography, estimated back squat one repetition maximum (1-RM), and countermovement jump height (JH) and relative peak power (PPa) on a force platform...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035591/effect-of-intensified-endurance-training-on-pacing-and-performance-in-4000m-cycling-time-trials
#17
Alice M Wallett, Amy L Woods, Nathan G Versey, Laura A Garvican-Lewis, Marijke Welvaert, Kevin G Thompson
Studies examining pacing strategies during 4000m cycling time-trials (TTs) typically ensure participants are not pre-fatigued, however competitive cyclists often undertake TTs when already pre-fatigued. This study aimed to determine how TT pacing strategies and sprint characteristics of cyclists change during an intensified training period (mesocycle). Thirteen cyclists, regularly competing in A and B grade cycling races and consistently training (>10 h·wk-1 for 4±1 years), completed a six-week training mesocycle...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034811/mental-illness-stigma-among-medical-students-and-teachers
#18
Miroslava Janoušková, Aneta Weissová, Tomáš Formánek, Jiří Pasz, Lucie Bankovská Motlová
BACKGROUND: Medical school curriculum contributes to future doctors' attitude formation towards people with mental illness. AIM: The purpose of this study was to compare stigmatizing attitudes between medical students and faculty, analyse stigmatizing attitudes among students from different years of study and identify factors predicting stigma. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with the use of scales measuring attitudes and social distance was designed...
October 1, 2017: International Journal of Social Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033272/graduating-surgical-residents-lack-competence-in-critical-care-ultrasound
#19
Renuka Tripu, Margaret H Lauerman, Daniel Haase, Syeda Fatima, Jacob Glaser, Cassandra Cardarelli, Thomas M Scalea, Sarah Murthi
OBJECTIVE: Ultrasound provides accessible imaging for bedside diagnostics and procedural guidance, but may lead to misdiagnosis in untrained users. The main objective of this study was to determine observed and self-perceived competence with critical care ultrasound in graduated general surgery residents. DESIGN: The design of this study was a retrospective review. Ultrasound training program records were reviewed for number of prior ultrasound examinations performed, self-perceived competence, observed competence on faculty examinations, and intended future use of individual critical care ultrasound examinations...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033271/surgical-education-module-improves-operative-proficiency-in-endoscopic-carpal-tunnel-release-a-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial-of-trainees
#20
Steve J Kempton, A Neil Salyapongse, Jacqueline S Israel, Benjamin A Mandel
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether an interactive endoscopic carpal tunnel release (ECTR) surgical education module can improve knowledge of surgical indications and improve procedural competency. DESIGN: An ECTR education module was developed and trainees at various level of training were enrolled and randomized to surgical module and nonmodule (control) groups. Subjects were instructed that they would be the primary surgeon performing an ECTR...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Surgical Education
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