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Hasan Bakır, Erdal Uysal, Akif Hakan Kurt, Türkay Kirdak
PURPOSE: Seroma is the most frequently seen complication after the mastectomy and axillary dissection. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of locally applied bovine collagen sponge and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells on seroma development in rats that undergone mastectomy and axillary dissection. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Wistar albino rats, were randomly divided into 3 groups (n = 10 per group). For the rats in Group 1, 1 ml 0.09% NaCl was implemented...
October 13, 2016: Journal of Investigative Surgery: the Official Journal of the Academy of Surgical Research
HanBang Chen, YunZhu Qian, Yang Xia, Gang Chen, Yun Dai, Na Li, FeiMin Zhang, Ning Gu
The topographical features and material composition of nanoscaffolds have a powerful influence on cell behaviors such as proliferation and differentiation. Here, scaffolds consisting of aligned nanofibers with incorporated bioactive collagen I were tested for their ability to enhance osteogenesis in vitro. Rat adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) were seeded on the scaffolds and their morphology, proliferation and osteogenic differentiation were examined. Aligned scaffolds with collagen I showed the best osteogenic properties...
October 13, 2016: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Shuang Zhang, Chunyu Bai, Dong Zheng, Yuhua Gao, Yanan Fan, Lu Li, Weijun Guan, Yuehui Ma
Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are multipotent, and can be differentiated into many cell types in vitro. In this study, tissues from pigs were chosen to identify and characterize ADSCs. Primary ADSCs were sub-cultured to passage 28. The surface markers of ADSCs: CD29, CD71, CD73, CD90, and CD166 were detected by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction assays and the markers CD29, CD44, CD105, and vimentin were detected by immunofluorescence. Growth curves and the capacity of clone-forming were performed to test the proliferation of ADSCs...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Veterinary Research, Revue Canadienne de Recherche Vétérinaire
Lina Xu, Yong Zhao, Muwen Wang, Wei Song, Bo Li, Wei Liu, Xunbo Jin, Haiyang Zhang
BACKGROUND AIMS: We found defocused low-energy shock wave (DLSW) could be applied in regenerative medicine by activating mesenchymal stromal cells. However, the possible signaling pathways that participated in this process remain unknown. In the present study, DLSW was applied in cultured rat adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) to explore its effect on ADSCs and the activated signaling pathways. METHODS: After treating with DLSW, the cellular morphology and cytoskeleton of ADSCs were observed...
October 7, 2016: Cytotherapy
Zhankui Zhao, Honglian Yu, Chengjuan Fan, Qingsheng Kong, Deqian Liu, Lin Meng
Ureter reconstruction is still a tough task for urologist. Cell-based tissue engineering serves a better technique for patients with long segments of ureter defect who need ureter reconstruction. In this study, we sought to evaluate the differentiation potential of adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) into urothelial lineage and smooth muscle lineage and to assess the possibility of ureter reconstruction using differentiated cells seeded vessel extracellular matrix (VECM) in a rabbit model. ADSCs were isolated from adipose tissue and identified in vitro...
2016: American Journal of Translational Research
Laura Frese, Petra E Dijkman, Simon P Hoerstrup
In regenerative medicine, adult stem cells are the most promising cell types for cell-based therapies. As a new source for multipotent stem cells, human adipose tissue has been introduced. These so called adipose tissue-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are considered to be ideal for application in regenerative therapies. Their main advantage over mesenchymal stem cells derived from other sources, e.g. from bone marrow, is that they can be easily and repeatable harvested using minimally invasive techniques with low morbidity...
July 2016: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy
Jennifer J Chia, Tong Zhu, Susan Chyou, Dragos C Dasoveanu, Camila Carballo, Sha Tian, Cynthia M Magro, Scott Rodeo, Robert F Spiera, Nancy H Ruddle, Timothy E McGraw, Jeffrey L Browning, Robert Lafyatis, Jessica K Gordon, Theresa T Lu
Scleroderma is a group of skin-fibrosing diseases for which there are no effective treatments. A feature of the skin fibrosis typical of scleroderma is atrophy of the dermal white adipose tissue (DWAT). Adipose tissue contains adipose-derived mesenchymal stromal cells (ADSCs) that have regenerative and reparative functions; however, whether DWAT atrophy in fibrosis is accompanied by ADSC loss is poorly understood, as are the mechanisms that might maintain ADSC survival in fibrotic skin. Here, we have shown that DWAT ADSC numbers were reduced, likely because of cell death, in 2 murine models of scleroderma skin fibrosis...
October 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Investigation
Yi-Chun Lin, Horng-Jyh Harn, Po-Cheng Lin, Ming-Hsi Chuang, Chun-Hung Chen, Shinn-Zong Lin, Tzyy-Wen Chiou
Human adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are a promising source of autologous stem cells for personalized cell-based therapies. Culture expansion of ADSCs provides an attractive opportunity for liver cirrhosis patients. However, safety and stability issues can pose big challenges for personalized autologous stem cell products. In the present study, we addressed whether the commercial production program could provide a consistent product for liver cirrhosis therapy. We collected adipose tissue from three human donors by lipoaspirate and isolated ADSCs, which were expanded in culture to reach 1 × 10(8) cells (an approximately 1000-fold expansion) within four passages...
October 6, 2016: Cell Transplantation
Quanquan Wang, Lili Zhang, Xiaodong Yuan, Ya Ou, Xuhong Zhu, Zanzan Cheng, Pingshu Zhang, Xiaoying Wu, Yan Meng, Liping Zhang
Our objective is to study the relationship between the regulatory proteins Bcl-2/Bax and mitochondria-mediated apoptosis during the differentiation of adipose-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) into neurons. Immunocytochemistry and western blotting showed that the cells weakly expressed neuron-specific enolase (NSE) in the non-induced group and expressed NSE more strongly in the groups induced for 1 h, 3 h, 5 h and 8 h. NSE expression peaked at 5 h (P < 0.05), although there was no significant difference between 5 and 8 h (P > 0...
2016: PloS One
Gang Yang, Zhenghua Xiao, Xiaomei Ren, Haiyan Long, Hong Qian, Kunlong Ma, Yingqiang Guo
Gelatin hydrogel crosslinked by microbial transglutaminase (mTG) exhibits excellent performance in cell adhesion, proliferation, and differentiation. We examined the gelation time and gel strength of gelatin/mTG hydrogels in various proportions to investigate their physical properties and tested their degradation performances in vitro. Cell morphology and viability of adipose tissue-derived stromal cells (ADSCs) cultured on the 2D gel surface or in 3D hydrogel encapsulation were evaluated by immunofluorescence staining...
2016: PeerJ
Anna M Knapinska, Sabrina Amar, Zhong He, Sandro Matosevic, Claudia Zylberberg, Gregg B Fields
Cell isolation methods for therapeutic purposes have seen little advancement over the years. The original methods of stem cell and islet isolation using bacterial collagenases were developed in the early 1980s and are still used today. Bacterial collagenases are subject to autodegradation, and isolates obtained with these enzymes may be contaminated with endotoxins, reducing cell viability and contributing to toxicity in downstream applications. Here we describe a novel method for isolation of mesenchymal stem cells from adipose tissue (ADSC) utilizing recombinantly produced matrix metalloproteases (MMPs)...
November 2016: Enzyme and Microbial Technology
Xue Li, Xiaoxiao Lu, Deming Sun, Xilian Wang, Liyuan Yang, Shaozhen Zhao, Hong Nian, Ruihua Wei
Purpose: To investigate the immunoregulatory roles of adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) in autoimmune dacryoadenitis. Methods: Rabbits were treated with ADSCs or phosphate-buffered solution on days 1, 3, 5, 7, and 9 after injection of activated peripheral blood lymphocytes, and clinical scores were determined by assessing tear production, break-up time, and fluorescein and hematoxylin and eosin staining. Inflammatory response was determined by measuring the expression of different mediators of inflammation in the lacrimal glands...
October 1, 2016: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
Tianyi Wang, Janice H Lai, Fan Yang
Cell-based therapies offer a great promise for repairing cartilage. Previous strategies often involve using a single cell population such as stem cells or chondrocytes. Mixed cell population may offer an alternative strategy for cartilage regeneration while overcoming donor scarcity. We have recently reported that adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) can catalyze neocartilage formation by neonatal chondrocytes (NChons) when mixed co-cultured in 3D hydrogels in vitro. However, it remains unknown how the biochemical and mechanical cues of hydrogels modulate cartilage formation by mixed cell populations <i>in vivo</i>...
September 27, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Jong-Ho Kim, Hyung Joon Joo, Mina Kim, Seung-Cheol Choi, Jeong Ik Lee, Soon Jun Hong, Do-Sun Lim
Adipose-derived stem cell (ADSC) transplantation has been proposed to improve cardiac function acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Recently, cell sheet technology has been investigated for its potential applicability in cardiac injury. However, detailed comparison of the functional recovery in the injured myocardium between cell sheets and conventional cell injection has not been adequately examined. ADSCs were isolated from the inguinal fat tissue of ICR mice. Three groups of AMI induction only (sham), intramyocardial injection of ADSCs (imADSC), and ADSC sheet transplantation (shADSC) were compared using rat AMI models...
September 27, 2016: Tissue Engineering. Part A
Denver M Lough, Christopher Chambers, Gunter Germann, Ruben Bueno, Joel Reichensperger, Edward Swanson, Mary Dyer, Lisa Cox, Carrie Harrison, Michael W Neumeister
BACKGROUND: Although there has been tremendous research in the ability of mesenchymal-derived adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) to form bone, less is known regarding the molecular mechanisms that regulate the osteogenic potential of ADSCs. Notch, which consists of a key family of regulatory ligands involved in bone formation, is expressed in the bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell niche and is critical for proliferation, migration, and ultimately osseous differentiation. The authors investigate how Notch impacts ADSC proliferation and osteogenic differentiation to determine a translatable application of these cells in bone regeneration...
October 2016: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Tatsuhiro Toratani, Junsuke Nakase, Hitoaki Numata, Takeshi Oshima, Yasushi Takata, Koichi Nakayama, Hiroyuki Tsuchiya
PURPOSE: To determine whether meniscal tissue could be healed histologically by the implantation of allogenic three-dimensional formed adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) in a rabbit model of partial meniscectomy. METHODS: Forty Japanese white rabbits (aged 15-17 weeks) were assigned to 2 groups. Defects 1.5 mm in diameter were created in the anterior horn of the medial menisci. The defects were left empty in the control group and were filled with cylindrical plugs of allogenic ADSCs extracted from adipose tissue in the experimental group...
September 23, 2016: Arthroscopy: the Journal of Arthroscopic & related Surgery
Jiang Tao, Haining Wang, Yue Zhai, Hyun Park, Jian Wang, Fang Ji, Zhiyong Zhang
Adipose derived stem cells (ADSCs) are an important source of stem cells for tissue repair and regeneration; therefore, understanding the mechanisms that regulate stem cell differentiation into a specific lineage is critical. The NF-E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) pathway and autophagy promote cell survival in response to oxidative stress. However, the roles of Nrf2 and autophagy in bone metabolism under oxidative stress are controversial. Here, we explored the involvement of Nrf2 signaling and autophagy on the differentiation of ADSCs under conditions of oxidative stress...
September 23, 2016: Experimental Cell Research
D-C Liu, X-N Yang, C-Z Huang, Y-G Sun, X-M Dai
OBJECTIVE: To observe whether adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCS), co-cultured with osteoblasts, can differentiate into osteoblasts and, if so, to study the best-induced conditions, with an ultimate goal of repairing bone defects. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Adipose-derived stem cells and osteoblasts were isolated from New Zealand white rabbits, and co-cultured in media with either 5% or 10% fetal bovine serum, for up to 4 weeks. The morphology of collected cells was examined under a microscope, and histological staining with alkaline phosphatase and alizarin red was carried out after induction for 1, 2, 3 and 4 weeks...
September 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
Mijung Lee, Jae-Jun Ban, Ki Yoon Kim, Gye Sun Jeon, Wooseok Im, Jung-Joon Sung, Manho Kim
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a degenerative disorder that involves the death of motor neurons in the cortex, brain stem, and spinal cord. Adipose-derived stem cells (ADSCs) are considered as a perspective remedy for therapy of neurodegenerative diseases including ALS. Stem cells secrete various factors which can modulate a hostile environment, called paracrine effect. Exosomes are small extracellular vesicles containing cell derived factors and mediate paracrine effect of cells. Thus, exosomes from ADSCs (ADSC-exo) can be a potential candidate of therapeutic effects of stem cells...
October 21, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Adiv A Johnson, Yahaira Naaldijk, Christian Hohaus, Hans Jörg Meisel, Alexandra Stolzing
Adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells (ADSCs) are multipotent stem cells that promote therapeutic effects and are frequently used in autologous applications. Little is known about how ADSCs respond to genotoxic stress and whether or not donor age affects DNA damage and repair. In this study, we used the comet assay to assess DNA damage and repair in human ADSCs derived from young (20-40 years), middle-aged (41-60 years), and older (61+ years) donors following treatment with H2O2 or UV light. Tail lengths in H2O2-treated ADSCs were substantially higher than the tail lengths in UV-treated ADSCs...
September 15, 2016: Aging
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